Date et lieu de départWed May 01 00:00:00 CEST 1985
Date et lieu d'arrivéeThu Nov 04 00:00:00 CET 1993
|Etape||Date de départ||Date d'arrivée||Départ||Arrivée||Navire|
|Campagne n°1 MAI 1984||Mon May 21 00:00:00 CEST 1984||Fri May 25 00:00:00 CEST 1984||Vauban|
|Campagne n°2 AOUT 1984||Mon Aug 20 00:00:00 CEST 1984||Fri Aug 24 00:00:00 CEST 1984||Vauban|
|Campagne n°3 SEPTEMBRE 1984||Tue Sep 18 00:00:00 CEST 1984||Fri Sep 21 00:00:00 CEST 1984||Vauban|
|Campagne n°4 NOVEMBRE 1984||Mon Oct 22 00:00:00 CET 1984||Wed Oct 24 00:00:00 CET 1984||Vauban|
|Campagne n°5 NOVEMBRE 1984||Wed Nov 07 00:00:00 CET 1984||Fri Nov 09 00:00:00 CET 1984||Vauban|
|Campagne n°6 NOVEMBRE 1984||Mon Nov 26 00:00:00 CET 1984||Fri Nov 30 00:00:00 CET 1984||Vauban|
|Campagne n°7 JANVIER 1985||Mon Jan 21 00:00:00 CET 1985||Fri Jan 25 00:00:00 CET 1985||Vauban|
|Campagne n°8 FEVRIER-MARS 1985||Wed Feb 27 00:00:00 CET 1985||Wed Mar 06 00:00:00 CET 1985||Vauban|
|Campagne n°9 JUILLET 1985||Mon Jul 15 00:00:00 CEST 1985||Thu Jul 18 00:00:00 CEST 1985||Vauban|
|Campagne n°10 AOÛT 1986||Tue Aug 05 00:00:00 CEST 1986||Wed Aug 13 00:00:00 CEST 1986||Vauban|
|Campagne n°11 JANVIER 1987||Tue Jan 06 00:00:00 CET 1987||Wed Jan 14 00:00:00 CET 1987||Vauban|
|Campagne n°12 AVRIL-MAI 1988||Tue Apr 26 00:00:00 CEST 1988||Thu May 05 00:00:00 CEST 1988||Alis|
|Campagne n°13 OCTOBRE-NOVEMBRE 1989||Mon Oct 23 00:00:00 CET 1989||Fri Nov 03 00:00:00 CET 1989||Alis|
|Campagne n°14 MARS 1993||Alis|
Travaux effectués :
- Bargibant, Georges, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1985, Le Lagon Nord de la Nouvelle Calédonie et les atolls de Huon et Surprise, Rapports scientifiques et techniques, 37, 23
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Estival, Jean-Claude, 1985, Xenophoridae de Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Chesterfield, Rossiniana, 28, 19-22
Résumé [+] [-]En 1983, W.F. PONDER publiait une révision mondiale de la famille des Xenophoridae. Dans ce même ouvrage, iI décrivait une nouvelle espece, Xenophora granulosa recoItée par Ie N/O "Vauban" dans Ie sud de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Jusqu'à présent, quatre espèces du genre Xenophora étaient signalées de Nouvelle-Calédonie : - Xenophora (Xenophora) solarioides solarioides (Reeve, 1845) - Xenophora (Stellaria) lamberti Souverbie, 1873- Xenophora (Xenophora) cerea (Reeve, 1845) var. torrida - Xenophora (Xenophora) granulosa Ponder, 1983. En 1984, I'ORSTOM (*) débutait un programme de cartographie des peuplements benthiques de la Nouvelle Calédonie qui permettait d'échantillonner systématiquement la macrofaune et d'améliorer ainsi les connaissances faunistiques. Parmi les nombreux groupes zoologiques récoItés a la drague Charcot, les Mollusques representent I'un des plus important aussi bien en quantité qu'en diversité spécifique. Dans les récoItes réalisées dans Ie lagon Sud Ouest entre Teremba et I'Ile des Pins, nous avons rencontré cinq espèces de la famille des Xenophoridae, I'une d'elles (X. konoi) n'était pas signalée dans nos eaux et surtout nous avons recoIté de nombreux spécimens vivants de X. lamberti jusqu'alors connue de deux exemplaires et considerée comme fossile !
Beu, Alan, 1986, Taxonomy of gastropods of the families Ranellidae (= Cymatiidae) and Bursidae. Part 2. Descriptions of 14 new modern Indo-West Pacific species and subspecies, with revisions of related taxa, New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 13, 273-355
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014223.1986.10422668 Résumé [+] [-]The subgenus Cymatium (Septa) is here restricted to species closely related to C. rubeculum (Linne, 1758). A lectotype is designated for C. rubeculum, neotypes are designated for C. hepaticum (Röding, 1798) and C. flaveolum (Röding, 1798), C. occidentale (Morch, 1877) (= blacketi Iredale, 1936; = beui Garcia-Talavera, 1985) is recorded from the Indo West Pacific, C. (Septa) marerubrum Garcia-Talavera, 1985 is ranked as a geographic subspecies of C. rubeculum, and three new taxa are named: C. (Septa) bibbeyi n. sp., Philippine Islands; C. (Septa) closeli n. sp., Indian Ocean; and C. (Septa) peasei n. sp., western Pacific. In the subgenus Cymatium (Ranularia), neotypes are designated for C. gutturnium (ROding, 1798) and its synonyms, for C. moniliferum (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850), and for C. pyrulum (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850), a lectotype is designated for C. pseudopyrum (Martin, 1899) (a junior synonym of C. pyrulum), other species distinguished are C. encausticum (Reeve, 1844) and C. exile (Reeve, 1844). And new taxa named are C. andamanense n. sp., Andaman Islands, C. springsteeni n. sp., western Pacific and Red Sea, and C. sinense arthuri n. subsp., Red Sea. Other Ranellidae named are Sassia (Sassia) ponderi n. sp., Queensland, and Distorsio (Distorsio) euconstricta n. sp., Indian Ocean and southwest Pacific. A lectotype selected for Murex reticularis Linne, 1758 is a specimen of the species usually known as Distorsio reticulata (Röding, 1798). In Bursa (Bursa), a lectotype is designated for B. grayana Dunker, 1862 (= B. bujoniopsis Maury, 1917; = B. pacamoni Matthews & Coelho, 1971), western Atlantic, and the similar new Oman to Philippines species B. davidboschi is named. Other Bursa taxa named are B. (Colubrellina) quirihorai n. sp., Philippines, and B. (Colubrellina) latitudo fosteri n. subsp., Philippines. In Bufonaria (Bufonaria), a lectotype designated for Murex rana Linne, 1758 confirms that as the name for the most common western Pacific species, a lectotype designated for Ranella crumena Lamarck, 1816 confirms that as the name for the most common Indian Ocean species, B. elegans (Beck in G. B. Sowerby II, 1836) is illustrated, and the new western Pacific species B. perelegans is named; the four similar species B. nobilis (Reeve, 1844), B. margaritula (Deshayes, 1832), B. gnorima (Melville, 1918), and B. thersites (Redfield, 1846) are distinguished, and the new Madagascar to Philippines species B. ignobilis is named. In Tutufa (Tutufella), the newly named species T. boholica occurs with T. rubeta (Linne, 1758) in deep water in the Philippine Islands.
d'Hondt, Jean-Loup, 1986, Bryozoaires de Nouvelle-Calédonie et du plateau des Chesterfield, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 8, 4, 697-756
Résumé [+] [-]Systematic study of Collections of Bryozoa around New Caledonia (1977-1984) and from Chalcal campaing in Coral Sea (226 species). Description of seventeen new species and six new sub-species.
Guinot, Danièle, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1986, Découverte d'une nouvelle espèce de Sphenocurcinus en Nouvelle-Calédonie, S. mummatus sp.nov. (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Indo-Malayan Zoology, 3, 27-37
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Sphenocarciilus A.Milne Edwards, known by 16 Indo- Pacific species with a rostrum which is either single (four species) or double (12 species), is widened by the discovery of a new species with a bifurcated rostrum, collected between 300-460 m, by the 'Vauban', in the north of New Caledonia, i,e. Splenocarcinus fnamrnatus sp.nov. Two other species of that genus, S.orbiculatus Guinot & Richer de Forges and S.stuckiae Guinot & Richer de Forges, had been previously recorded in the same area, near the island of Pines (south of New Caledonia).
Houart, Roland, 1987, Description of four new species of Muricidae (Mollusca : Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Venus, 46, 4, 202-210
Résumé [+] [-]Four new muricid species are described from the coral-reef lagoon (25-80 m) of southern New Caledonia: Aspella media n. sp. Is characterized by its reticulated intritacalx and is most similar to A. platylaevis Radwin and D'Attilio, 1976; Maculotriton ingens n. sp., is the second known Maculotriton; it differs from the type species by having a strong intritacalx, a different protoconch, and stronger axial ridges; Typhis carolinae n.sp. Belongs to a small group of Indo-Pacific species only doubtfully referred to T. (Typhina) and Typhis neocaledonicus n. sp. is the third Indo-Pacific species of the predominantly Atlantic subgenus T. (Talityphis).
Monniot, Claude, 1987, Ascidies de Nouvelle-Calédonie. II. Les genres Polycarpa et Polyandrocarpa, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 9, 2, 275-310
Résumé [+] [-]Fifteen species, of which two are new, were collected in New Caledonia. The majority are also known from Australia and Indonesia. Only one species is considered as a component of the Southern temperate fauna. Ail the others have tropical affinities.
Bratcher, Twila, 1988, Six New Species of Terebridae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Panama and the Indo-West Pacific, The Veliger, 30, 4, 412-416
Résumé [+] [-]Six new species of Terebridae are described: Terebra rancheria, Isla Rancheria, Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama; T. paucincisa, Grand Recif South, New Caledonia; T albocancellata, Chesterfield- Bellona Plateau, Coral Sea; T. macleani, East Cape, East London, South Africa; Hastula alboflava, Sogod, Cebu, Philippine Islands; and H. colorata, Lighthouse Beach, Western Australia.
Houart, Roland, 1988, Description of seven new species of Muricidae (Neogastropoda) from the south-western Pacific Ocean, Venus (Japanese journal of Malacology), 47, 3, 185-196
Résumé [+] [-]Seven new muricid species are described from New Caledonia and from the Chesterfield reefs in the Coral Sea. Chicoreus paucifrondosus n. sp. and C. subpalmatus n. sp. are both compared with C. boucheti Houart, 1983; Pterynotus levi n. sp. and P. fulgens n. sp., the first deep-water Pterynotus species described from New Caledonia, are both compared with P. laetifica flemingi Beu, 1967 from New Zealand. Ponderia caledonica n. sp. and P. magna n. sp. are two supplementary species to include in the recently named Ponderia Houart, 1986 and are both compared with the other species of this genus; Muricopsis metivieri n. sp. is related to certain Japanese species tentatively grouped in the subgenus Murexsul Iredale, 1915. All the new species have paucispiral protoconchs.
Kilburn, Richard N., Bouchet, Philippe, 1988, The genus Amalda in New Caledonia (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Olividae, Ancillinae, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, 10, 2, 277-300
Résumé [+] [-]Four new species and one subspecies are described from deep water in the New Caledonian region : Amalda fuscolingua, A. aureomarginata, A. coriolis, A. bellonarum and A. hilgendorfi richeri. A. montrouzieri (Souverbie, 1860) is redescribed and discussed. SEM photographs of radulae are included.
Marshall, Bruce A., 1988, Thysanodontinae: A new subfamily of the Trochidae (Gastropoda), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 54, 2, 215-229
Résumé [+] [-]New genera Thysanodonta, Carinastete and Herbertina are referred to a new subfamily of the Trochidae, Thysanodontinae, on the basis of extremely distinctive jaw and radula. At up to 1400 times longer than broad , the teeth are the most slender of any known gastropod, and they are unique among archaeogastropods in having harpoon-like tips with backwardly inclined barbs. While food and feeding mode are unknown , it is suggested that they feed suctorially, perhaps on cnidarians. New species described are Thysanodonta aucklandica , T. wairua, Carinastele kristelleae, C. jugosa , and C. coronata from New Zealand, T. boucheti from New Caledonia, and Herbertina eos and H. cognata from South Africa. The Tasmanian Basilissa nicetarium Hedley & May is tentatively referred to Carinastele.
Richard, Georges, MOOLENBEEK, Robert G., 1988, Two new Conus species from deep waters off New Caledonia, Venus (Japanese journal of Malacology), 47, 4, 233-239
Résumé [+] [-]Recent dredgings in waters around New Caledonia revealed two new Conus species which are described as Conus richeri, n. sp. and Conus plinthis, n. sp. Both new species are compared to closely related species and their variability is enumerated.
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Grandperrin, René, 1988, Présence de coraux semi-précieux dans la Z.E.E. de Nouvelle-Calédonie, 13/88, 7
Davie, Peter J. F., 1989, Smethis corallica sp. nov. (Crustacea, Brachyura, Raninidae), the first member of the Smethinae to be recorded from the Indo-West Pacific region (erratum : the correct spelling for the genus name is Symethis), Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 11, 2, 425-430
Résumé [+] [-]Smethis corallica sp. nov. is described from specimens dredged from the lagoon at Chesterfield Reefs, Coral Sea. This is the first record of a member of the Smethinae outside of the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of America. S. corallica differs from the other two described species by the shapes of the rostrum, antennal peduncle, third maxilliped, female spermathecal openings and the first male pleopod.
- Ngoc-Ho, Nguyen, 1989, Sur le genre Gebiacantha gen. nov., avec la description de cinq espèces nouvelles (Crustacea, Thalassinidea, Upogebiidae), Bulletin de Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Series 4, Section A, 11, 1, 117-145
Nguyen Ngoc-Ho, 1989, Sur le genre Gebiancantha gen. nov., avec la description de cinq espèces nouvelles (Crustacea, Thalassinidea, Upogebiidae), Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 11, 1, 117-145
Résumé [+] [-]Five new species of Upogebiidae with infrarostral spines are described and figured. They belong to a group first reported by De Saint Laurent& Ngoc-Ho (1979) and of which Upogebia talismani Bouvier, 1915 is considered as most typical. Characteristics of the group are defined upon which a new genus, Gebiacantha, is established. A key for the identification of the eleven species of the genus is provided and a few synonymies, as suggested by Sakai (1982), are discussed.
de Saint Laurent, Michèle, Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, 1990, Crustacea Decapoda : le genre Eumunida Smith, 1883 (Chirostylidae) dans les eaux néo-calédoniennes, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 6, 145, 227-288
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Eumunida, belonging to the family Chirostylidae, is represented in New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands by seven species, ail of them new to Science : Eumunida keijii, E. sternomaculata, E. annulosa, E. capillata, E. parva, E. minor and E. marginata. Four species (E. sternomaculata, E. annulosa, E. capillata, and E. parva) are very common at depths between 400 and 600 meters, being currently caught at the same stations. The other species are scarce, and hâve been collected either at the same depths (E. keijii), or in shallower waters (E. minor and E. marginata). The high abundance of thèse species could be related to the présence on the bottom of hydrocorallians of the family Stylasteridae. Three species (E. keijii, E. annulosa and E. sternomaculata) belong to the group A after GORDON (1930), characterized by a spine on either side of the sternal segment bearing the chelipeds. The latter two of thèse species hâve a pad on the ventral surface of the palm. E. keijii is closely related to E. pacifica Gordon, 1930, from the south of Timor, but, among other différences, the two are readily distinguished by the size of the first hepatic spine, the médian sinus of the third thoracic sternite and the scales on the sternal segments. E. sternomaculata resembles E. sp., from southeast Australia (E. picta, GORDON, 1930, in part) ; both are nevertheless easily distinguished by the shape of the frontal part of the carapace, the direction of the supraorbital spines and the relative lengths of the anterolateral spines and antennal peduncles. E. annulosa is close to E. sternomaculata. Thèse two species are differentiated by the shape of the rostral spines, the ornamentation of the carapace, the length and shape of the chelipeds and the présence or absence of a disto-mesial spine on the carpus of the chelipeds. E. marginata, E. capillata, E. parva and E. minor belong to the group B, after GORDON, that has no spine on either side of the sternal segment bearing the chelipeds. With the exception of E. parva, ail the other species are provided with a pad on the ventral surface of the palm. E. parva is closely related to E. smithii Henderson, 1883, from the south of Timor, and to E. propior Baba, 1988, from the Philippines. A discussion about the identity of the material of E. smithii from différent expéditions and the relationships between the three species is provided. The maies of thèse three species are characterized by the présence of pleopods on the second to fifth abdominal segments. E. capillata is very close to E. parva, but can be easily distinguished from it by a number of characters. The main différence is the présence of a pad on the ventral surface of the cheliped palm in capillata, and its absence in parva. E. minor is the smallest représentative of the genus. The species is clearly distinguishable from ail the others of the group B by the présence of two prominent spines on the merus of the third maxillipeds, and of four longitudinal rows of spines on the merus of the cheliped. Its closest relative is E. balssi Gordon, 1930. E. marginata is related to E. gordonae Baba, 1973, from Japan. However, the length and the spinulation of the pereopods are very different.
Galil, Bella S., Clark, Paul F., Crosnier, Alain, 1990, Crustacea Decapoda : Notes on trapezzid crabs from New Caledonia including descriptions of two new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 6, 145, 369-388
Résumé [+] [-]Four genera and seven species of trapeziid crabs are identified from recent collections taken in New Caledonia. Descriptions and illustrations are given for new species; Calocarcinus crosnieri and Tetraiia sanguineomaculata. New records are reported for Calocarcinus africanus, Quadrella maculosa and Trapezia guttata. Trapezia cymodoce and T. septata, identified by A. MILNE EDWARDS from New Caledonia under the wrong names, are commented upon.
Houart, Roland, 1990, Four New species of Muricidae from New Caledonia., Venus, 49, 3, 205-214
Résumé [+] [-]Dermomurex (Takia) wareni n. sp. the third Pacific Ocean species of Takia, is characterized by the structure of its intritacalx; Ponderia elephantina n. sp. is nearest to the southeastern Australian P. abies Houart, 1986 ; Pygmaepterys menoui n. sp., named from a single specimen, is characterized by having 3 varices on the last whorl, distinctive spiral sculpture and broad protoconch; Trophon multigradus n. sp., has numerous frilled axial lamellae.
Houart, Roland, 1990, New taxa and new records of Indo-Pacific species of Murex and Haustellum (Gastropoda, Muricidae, Muricinae)., Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, 12, 2, 329-347
Résumé [+] [-]Some species of Murex and Haustellum are discussed and have their geographical range extended. One species Murex protocrassus, and one subspecies, Haustellum dentifer coriolis, are described from New Caledonia, and one subspecies, Haustellum gallinago fernandesi, is described from Mozambique
Kaas, Pieter, 1990, New species and further records of known species of Polyplacophora from tropical western Pacific, Basteria, 54, 4-6, 175-186
Résumé [+] [-]The Polyplacophora from seven French cruises in the western tropical Pacific (Philippines, Coral Sea and New Caledonia), during the years 1980-1986, are discussed. Altogether 17 samples of chitons contain 29 specimens, belonging to 11 species, 4 of which are new, viz. Notoplax richen; N. richardi, N. rostellata and Ischnochiton (Stenosemus) per/oratus. Two other species, hitherto only known from the Queensland coast, viz. Leptochiton (Parachiton) capricornicus (Iredale & Hull, 1925) and Callistochiton granifer Hull, 1923, were obtained in the Coral Sea (Capel Bank and Chesterfield-Bellona) at a depth of little more than 50 m.
Markham, John C., Crosnier, Alain, 1990, Crustacea Isopoda : New records of Bopyridae from New Caledonia waters, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 6, 145, 55-69
Résumé [+] [-]In the first account of bopyrid isopods from New Caledonia, 7 species, all from new host species in the caridean shrimp families Palaemonidae and Alpheidae, are recorded. Previously described species are Schizobopyrina andamanica (Chopra, 1932) and Filophryxus dorsalis Bruce, 1972. Herein described are Bopyrinina paucimaculata sp. Nov., Eriphrixus obesus gen. Nov., sp. Nov. Metaphrixus rastriferis sp. Nov. And Mediophrixus pinuum gen. Nov., sp. Nov. A final species was unsuitable for identification or description.
- Rivaton, Jacques, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1990, Poissons récoltés par dragages dans le lagon de Nouvelle Calédonie, Rapports scientifiques et techniques, 55, 102
Bouchet, Philippe, Kilburn, Richard N., 1991, A new genus of Ancillinae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Olividae) from New Caledonia, with the description of two new species, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, 12, 3-4, 531-539
Résumé [+] [-]Enlomoliva gen. nov. is described from 120-700 m in the New Caledonian region; it contains two new species, E. incisa (type species) and E. mirabilis. Shell characters combine olivine and ancilline traits, but the presence of an operculum indicates the genus to belong to the subfamily Ancillinae.
Bruce A. J., 1991, Shallow-water Palaemonoid shrimps from New Caledonia (Crustacea : Decapoda) In : Richer de Forges Bertrand (coord.). Le benthos des fonds meubles des lagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Etudes et Thèses, vol. 1, 221-280
Résumé [+] [-]A collection of palaemonoid shrimps from New Caledonian waters less than 100 m depth has been examined and found to include 39 species, including three new species, Palemonella dolichodactylus, Periclimenes ischiospìnusus and P. tenuirostris, and fourteen species new to the New Caledonian fauna, increasing to 67 the number of marine palaemonoid shrimps known from New Caledonia.
Cernohorsky, Walter O., 1991, Mollusca Gastropoda : On a collection of Nassariidae from New Caledonian waters, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 7, 150, 187-204
Résumé [+] [-]The present report deals with a collection of 33 species of Nassariidae from New Caledonian waters. Approximately 30 % of the species recorded are new geographical range extensions. Nassarius bifarius (Baird in Brenchley. 1873). Previously considered a synonym of N. Novaezelandiae (Reeve, 1854). And N. stigmarius (A. Adams. 1852). Previously considered a synonym of N. splendidulus (Dunker.,1846). Arc now acknowledged to be valid, separate species Nassarius olomea Kay, 1979 is synonymed with N. crebricostatus (Schepman, 1911). Nassarius (Zeuxis) arcus sp. nov is described and recorded from depths of 95-200 m.
Chan, Tin‐Yam, Crosnier, Alain, 1991, Crustacea Decapoda: Studies of the Plesionika narval (Fabricius, 1787) group (Pandalidae) with descriptions of six new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 9, 152, 413-461
Résumé [+] [-]Samples collected by ORSTOM (Institut de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation), Service Mixte de Contrôle Biologique des Armees (SMCB) and the National Taiwan Ocean University in the Indo-West Pacific (off Madagascar, Seychelles Islands, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, Chesterfield Islands, New Caledonia and Polynesia) as well as others obtained on loan from various museums led to a reexamination of the species belonging to the Plesionika narval group. Fourteen species are recognized of which 6 are new : P. yui from Taiwan, P. echinicola from New Caledonia, P. laurentae from New Caledonia and Eastern Australia, P. flavicauda from New Caledonia and Polynesia, P. rubrior and P. curvata from Polynesia. P. escalilis (Stimpson, 1860) is considered to be a synonym of P. narval. The specimens from the Atlantic identified as STIMPSON'S species by LEMAITRE and GORE (1988) are identified as P. longicauda (Rathbun, 1901). P. narval and P. serratifrons (Borradaile, 1900) are considered as distinct species but so similar that finding reliable characters to separate them is very difficult especially as individual variations are observed. P. narval is presently regarded as living only in the Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic (from Spain to Cape Verde Islands) but it appears South-West Pacific and with a rather restricted distribution. A key mainly for adults is offered for the identification of the species of this group. As coloration very often seems to be a reliable character for identifying fresh specimens, color photographs are included. Unfortunately it was not possible to obtain information on the coloration of all the species and consequently this character could only be used rarely in the key.
Crosnier, Alain, 1991, Crustacea Decapoda : Les Metapenaeopsis indo-ouest-pacifiques sans appareil stridulant (Penaeidae). Deuxième partie, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 9, 152, 155-297
Résumé [+] [-]This paper is a continuation of the work published in 1987, in which a group of 10 species and one subspecies of Indo-West Pacific Metapenaeopsis without stridulating organs were treated. The study presented here is based on abundant material supplied by a large number of ORSTOM collections made in the Indo-West Pacific (Madagascar, Seychelles and New Caledonia) and by joint expéditions by ORSTOM and the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (MUSORSTOM 1-6, CORINDON, BIOCAL, BIOGEOCAL, CHALCAL 1 and 2 cruises) in the Philippines, Indonesia, New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands and by the MD 32 cruise in the vicinity of La Réunion, supported by the TAAF (Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises). Additional material from the collections of the National Muséum of Natural History, Washington, from several Australian Muséums, as well as from the Muséums of Amsterdam, Leiden, Copenhagen and Frankfürt was also examined. Problems have occurred because of insufficient original descriptions and these have resulted in many errors in the Iiterature. All the type specimens have been re-examined (except for M. gallensis Pearson which is apparently lost), and also most of the specimens cited in the Iiterature. Corrected identifications and distributions are given. Among the species previously described, 18 are recognized as valid, either as species or as subspecies : M. assimilis (de Man, 1920), M. ceylonica Starobogatov, 1972, M. commensalis Borradaile, 1898, M. dalei (Rathbun, 1902), M. distincta (de Man, 1907), M. evermanni (Rathbun, 1906), M. faouzii (Ramadan, 1938), M. gallensis (Pearson, 1905), M. hilarula (de Man, 1911), M. Iamellata (de Haan, 1844), M. mannarensis de Bruin, 1965, M. mogiensis consobrina (Nobili, 1904), M. mogiensis mogiensis (Rathbun, 1902), M. quinquedenta (de Man, 1907), M. tarawensis Racek & Dali, 1965, M. vaillanti (Nobili, 1904), M. velutina (Dana, 1852), M. wellsi Racek, 1967. Six species are considered to be synonyms : M. borradailei (de Man, 1911) = M. commensalis Borradaile, 1898. M. bruini Starobogatov, 1972 = M. mogiensis consobrina (Nobili, 1904). M. caliper Liu & Zhong et al., 1988 = M. velutina (Dana, 1852). M. insona Racek & Dali, 1965 = M. velutina (Dana, 1852). M. perlarum (Nobili, 1905) = M. mogiensis consobrina (Nobili, 1904). M. raceki Starobogatov, 1972 = M. assimilis (de Man, 1920). Fifteen species and 2 subspecies are described as new : M. costata, M. difficilis, M. gaillardi, M. incisa, M. laubieri, M. marquesas, M. menoui, M. mogiensis complanata, M. mogiensis intermedia, M. parahilarula, M. persica, M. propinqua, M. proxima, M. quadrilobata, M. richeri, M. spatulata, M. spiridonovi. A total of 35 species and subspecies (not counting one form described under the name M. aff. Distincta which is probably new) are treated. Thus 46 species and subspecies of Metapenaeopsis lacking stridulating organs are now known to occur in the Indo-West Pacific. Two identification keys are presented : one for males, another for females. They are mainly intended as a guide to the numerous figures included in the paper. Illustrations of the genitalia provide assistance in recognizing the characters used to separate the species. All the petasmata are depicted with lobes both closed and separated. Depth zones and geographic distributions of all the species are presented in tabular form. As with previous studies high species diversity of the Philippines-Indonesia fauna is evident. Déductions about the biogeography must be regarded with caution because they may reflect differences in sampling effort across the various areas and also because many small species have not been adequately collected. It is of particular interest to note that in the New Caledonian region, where there have been many collections made using a variety of methods, 17 species are known, whereas from the vast Philippines-Indonesia region only 19 have been recorded and only 9 from the whole of Australia. Finally some general considerations on the genus Metapenaeopsis are presented and it is suggested that the species currently assigned to it should perhaps be placed in 2 or 3 genera. An effort has been made to define the groups that might be deserving more formal recognition.
Harasewych, Myroslaw G., Crosnier, Alain, Bouchet, Philippe, 1991, Mollusca Gastropoda : Columbariform Gastropods of New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 7, 150, 243-259
Résumé [+] [-]A survey of the deep-water malacofauna of New Caledonia has brought to light two species referable to the subfamily Columbariinae (Gastropoda: Turbinellidae). Coluzea faeeta sp. nov. is described from off the Isle of Pines at depths of 385-500 m. Additional specimens of Coluzea pinicola Darragh, 1987, previously described from off the Isle of Pines, serve as the basis for the description of the new genus Fustifusus. Serratifusus virginiae sp. nov. And Serratifusus lineatus sp. nov., two recent species of the columbariform genus Serratifusus Darragh. 1969. previously known only from deep-water fossil deposits of Miocene age. Are also described. On the basis of anatomical and radular data, Serratifusus is transferred from the Columbariinae to the family Buccinidae.
Houart, Roland, Crosnier, Alain, Bouchet, Philippe, 1991, Mollusca Gastropoda : The Typhinae (Muricidae) from the New Caledonian region with description of five new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 7, 150, 223-241
Résumé [+] [-]The New Caledonian species of Typhinae are revised. A total of 11 species are recorded ; 5, all from deep-sea, are new : Siphonochelus (S.) angustus; S. (S.) boucheti; 5. (S.) saitantis; S. (S.) unicornis and S. (? Siphonochelus) undulalus. All the species are described and illustrated together with comparative material. The radulae of 3 species are illustrated : Typhis (Typhina) carolinae Houart, 1987; Siphonochelus (S.) boucheti sp. nov. And S. (S.) saitantis sp. nov. Position and angle of anal tubes are considered to be a good criterion for the separation of species.
Monniot, Claude, Monniot, Françoise, Crosnier, Alain, 1991, Tunicata : Peuplements d'ascidies profondes en Nouvelle-Caledonie diversite des strategies adaptatives, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 8, 151, 357-448
Résumé [+] [-]A survey of the bathyal and abyssal area around New Caledonia began in the South-West Pacific Ocean with some recent cruises of french research vessels. The ascidian fauna appears especially diverse, with 58 species of which 31 are new. The species described here belong to almost all genera known throughout the world showing deep-sea adaptations. The 5 main types of trophic adaptation defined for deep-sea tunicates are represented. Around New Caledonia the species having the most elaborate adaptations are more numerous than in the Antarctic, Atlantic or Indian Oceans. Some of the species may possibly be intermediates between shallow water and deep-sea genera. Some genera previously known by a small number of species are here very diverse, and provide the opportunity to discuss their affinities. This applies to the genera Pharyngodictyon (Aplousobranchia), Simla (Octacnemidae), Bathyoncus and Fungulus (Stolidobranchiata). A new interpretation of Corynascidia and Pterygascidia is proposed. With the discovery of 3 new species in New Caledonia, some evolutionary stages of the genus Molguloides (Molgulidae) may now be discussed in terms of branchial structure. A tabular key of the 13 species of this genus is presented. The bathymetric distribution is compared here and in other oceans. The species showing morphological adaptations to the deep-sea live at higher levels in the New Caledonia area than in other oceanic basins. However the presence of deep-sea forms in relatively high levels has been established in other tropical areas (Indonesia, Philippines, Comores). The higher temperature of the water at this depth in low latitudes may have less influence on the ascidian ecology than the seasonal variations occurring in temperate and cold areas at equivalent depths. The affinities of the New Caledonian deep-sea ascidians vary with the families and the kind of adaptations but they are most closely related to the antiboreal fauna of temperate and cold areas. There is no relationship with the shallow water fauna. For the Polyclinidae, with the greatest diversity, relations are established with New Zealand and the subantarctic areas. The deep-sea phlebobranchs are principally known from the southern hemisphere. New Caledonia has the largest number of Octacnemidae species wordwide. The Styelidae dominate in the deep Atlantic but are poorly represented here. The Pyuridae appear to have expanded from both Austral and Indomalayan areas. The majority of the deep-sea species of Molguloides live in the southern hemisphere and all the shallow-water species are Austral ; the genus is particularly diverse around New Caledonia.
- Moosa M.K., 1991, The Stomatopoda of New Caledonia and Chesterfield islands. In : Richer de Forges Bertrand (coord.). Le benthos des fonds meubles des lagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Etudes et Thèses, vol. 1, 149-219
- Nguyen Ngoc-Ho, 1991, Sur quelques Callianassidae et Upogebiidae de Nouvelle-Calédonie (CrustaceThalassinide In : Richer de Forges Bertrand (coord.). Le benthos des fonds meubles des lagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Etudes et Thèses, vol. 1, 281-311
Stock, Jan H., Crosnier, Alain, 1991, Deep-water Pycnogonida from the surroundings of New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 8, 151, 125-212
Résumé [+] [-]Fourty-nine species of Pycnogonida (and six unidentifiable forms) are recorded from the continental slope (200-3740 m) in the Western Pacific off New Caledonia, the Loyalty and Chesterfield Islands, and in the Lau Basin ; only six samples originate from the continental shelf (40-73 m). Of these 49 species, not less than 33 (67 %) are new to Science. The new species belong to the genera Ascorhynchus (3 spp.), Ammothella (1 sp.), Heterofragilia (1 sp.), Cilunculus (4 spp.), Proboehmia gen. Nov. (1 sp.), Sericosura (1 sp.), Rhopalorhynchus (1 sp.), Colossendeis (1 sp.), Hedgpelhia (1 sp.), Austrodecus (5 spp., of which 4 attributed to a new subgenus, Tubidecus), Nymphon (4 spp.), Seguapallene (1 sp.), Parapallene (1 sp.), Pallenopsis s. str. (1 sp.), Pallenopsis (Bathypallenopsis) (1 sp.), Phoxichilidium (2 spp.). Anoplodactylus (1 sp.), and Pycnogonum (3 spp.). The richness in new species is explained by the fact that the bathyal zone around New Caledonia was unexplored so far for Pycnogonida.
- Barnathan, Gilles, Mirallès, Joseph, Njinkoué, Jean-Michel, Mangoni, Alfonso, Fattorusso, Ernesto, Debitus, Cécile, Boury-Esnault, Nicole, Kornprobst, Jean-Michel, 1992, STEROL COMPOSITION OF THREE MARINE SPONGE SPECIES FROM THE GENUS CINACHYRELLA, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 103B, 4, 1043-1047
Cernohorsky, Walter O., 1992, Description of new species of Nassariidae (Mollusca, Neogastropoda) from the Pacific Ocean, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, 14, 1, 69–74
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Nassariidae are described from the tropical Pacific Ocean. Nassarius (Zeuxis) richeri n. sp. from New Caledonia and Nassarius (Zeuxis) poupini n. sp. from French Polynesia, are both new to science and N. (Z.) dijki (K. Martin) is recorded living in the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia.
- Cernohorsky W., 1992, Description of new Nassariidae (Mollusca, Neogastropoda) from the Pacific Ocean, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle de Paris, 14, 1, 69-74
- D'Auria, Valeria, Gomez-Paloma, Luigi, Minale, Luigi, Riccio, Raffaele, 1992, Unique 3b-0-Methylsterols from the Pacific Sponge Jereicopsis graphidiophora, Journal of natural products, 55, 3, 311-320
- Amaoka Kunio, Mihara Eiji, Rivaton, Jacques, 1993, Pisces, Pleuronectiformes : Flatfiches from the waters around New Caledonia. – A revision of genus Engyprosopon, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 11, 158, 377-426
Chen, Hui-Lian, Crosnier, Alain, 1993, Crustacea Decapoda: Dorippidae of New Caledonia, Indonesia and the Philippines, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 10, 156, 315-345
Résumé [+] [-]Dorippidae material collected by several French expeditions (MUSORSTOM 3-6, CHALCAL l, BIOCAL, BIOGEOCAL) from 1980 to 1989, a French Indonesian cruise (CORINDON 2) in 1980 and the MARIEL KING MEMORIAL EXPEDITION in 1970 off the Philippines, Indonesia, Chesterfield Islands and New Caledonia yielded a total of 24 species (including 2 uncertain species) belonging to 2 subfamilies and 3 genera. Twelve species are new and 10 species are first records from New Caledonia.
Fricke, Ronald, 1993, Pisces Teleostei: Callionymidae of New Caledonia with descriptions of new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 11, 158, 361-376
Résumé [+] [-]The Callionymidae of New Caledonia is revised. A total of 13 species are recorded from the archipe1ago : Callionymus brevianalis Fricke, 1983, C. corallinus Gilbert, 1905, C. enneaclis Bleeker, 1879, C. gardineri rivaloni new subspecies, C. keeleyi Fow1er, 1941, C. morelonensis Johnson, 1971, C. pleurosliclus Fricke, 1982, C.lelhys new species, Synchiropus allivelis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845), S. novaecaledoniae new species, S. ocel/alus (Pallas, 1770), S. rameus (McCulloch, 1926), S. splendidus (Herre, 1927). The new species are described and illustrated; a key to all New Caledonian species is given.
- Houart, Roland, 1993, Three New Species of Muricinae and Muricopsinae (Gastropoda : Muricidae) from Somalia, Christmas (Line Islands) and the Philippine Islands, The Japanese journal of malacology. Venus, 52, 1, 41–46
McLay, Colin L., Crosnier, Alain, 1993, Crustacea Decapoda: The Sponge Crabs (Dromiidae) of New Caledonia and the Philippines with a review of the genera, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 10, 156, 111-251
Résumé [+] [-]Although this paper concerns a large collection of dromiid crabs from the Philippine Islands and New Caledonia, with a few specimens from Indonesia and Hawaii, the opportunity is taken to review and revise most of the genera of the Dromiidae. The basis of the revision involves a much wider range of characters than have been used before. Excessive emphasis on the nature of the female sternal grooves is abandoned, and more attention is paid to relative dimensions and ornamentation of the carapace, arrangement of spines on and around the dactyli of all the legs, fusion of the last two segments of the abdomen, and size of the uropod plates. A new set of characters describing the second antenna and the male abdominal locking mechanism are also used. The impxDrtance of the cheliped epipod character is discussed and is shown to be variable in some genera. A total of 28 genera are defined or redefined and a key to their identification is provided, along with keys to the identification of 99 species in these genera. The following genera are restricted and/or redefined : Cryptodromia Stimpson, 1858, Cryptodromiopsis Borradaile, 1903, Dromia Weber, 1795, Dromidia Stimpson, 1858, Dromidiopsis Borradaile, 1900, Epigodromia (a replacement name for Epidromia Kossmann, 1818, which is preoccupied), Homalodromia Miers, 1884, Paradromia Balss, 1921, Petalomera Stimpson, 1858, and Pseudodromia Stimpson, 1858, resulting in the creation of 10 new genera. Ascidiophilus Richters, 1880, Conchoecetes Stimpson, 1858, Epipedodromia Andre, 1932, Eudromidia Barnard, 1947, Exodromidia Stebbing, 1905, Hemisphaerodromia Barnard, 1954, Hypoconcha Guerin-M6neville, 1854, Speodromia Barnard, 1947, and Sphaerodromia Alcock, 1899, remain unmodified. After the elimination of many synonyms and together with the new material described herein, the Dromiidae now includes 29 genera and 109 species. The generic revision has major implications for the dromiid crabs of, not only the Philippines and New Caledonia but also, the rest of the Indo-Pacific region, Australia, South Africa, and the Atlantic. Until now only six species of dromiid crabs were known from New Caledonia and the Philippine Islands. This number is increased to 29 species belonging to 13 genera. The most common species are Lauridromia intermedia (Laurie, 1906) nov. comb., Petalomera pulchra Miers, 1884, Cryptodromia coronata Stimpson, 1858, Dromidiopsis dubia Lewinsohn, 1984, and Epigodromia areolata (Ihle, 1913) nov. comb. Most of these dromiids come from shallow water, less than 100 m, and the maximum number of sp)ecies occurs in the depth interval of 30-60 m. The greatest depth of 437 m is shown by Frodromia atypica (Sakai, 1936) nov. comb. There is a large range of body size from a few millimetres, for Homalodromia coppingeri, to around 200 mm CW, for Dromia dormia. Egg size ranges from 0.4 mm to 1.1 mm diameter but there is no evidence of direct development amongst these dromiids. The apparent biogeographic affinities of the dromiids from New Caledonia and the Philippines are, in decreasing order, with Japan, Indian Ocean, Indonesia, and Australia. The apparent affinity with Japan may well be an artifact of more intensive collecting. The most wide ranging species are Lauridromia intermedia (Laurie, 1906), Dromia dormia (Linnaeus, 1763), D. wilsoni (Fulton & Grant, 1902) nov. comb., Cryptodromiopsis unidentata (Riippell, 1830) nov. comb., Cryptodromia hilgendorfi De Man, 1888, and C. fallax (Lamarck, 1818) nov. comb. These species also represent the most wide ranging genera. The collection of species largely consists of widely distributed species typical of an island fauna.
Ng, Peter K.L., 1993, ON A NEW GENUS AND SPECIES OF XANTHID CRAB (CRUSTACEA: DECAPODA: BRACHYURA) FROM CHESTERFIELD ISLAND, CORAL SEA, Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 106, 4, 705-713
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus and species of xanthid crab, Cranaothus deforgesi, is described from Chesterfield Island. Cranaothus appears to be closely related to Paramedaeus, Metaxanthops, Macromedaeus, Medaeops, Neoxanthops, Glyptoxanthus and Lipaesthesius, but differs in the form and sculptures on the carapace, as well as structures of the sternum, male abdomen and male first pleopod. The larger cheliped of Cranaothus also possesses a specialized basal cutting tooth on its dactylus.
Tan, Cheryl GS, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1993, On the systematics and ecology of two species of mimetic crabs belonging to the family Leucosiidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura), Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 41, 1, 119–132
Résumé [+] [-]The taxonomy of two leucosiid species - Dolos petraeus (Milne Edwards, 1874) (new genus) and Oreotlos etor, new species, is discussed. Both mimic dead algae belonging to the genus Halimeda Lamouroux, 1812 (Oder Caulerpales). Their behavioural and morphological adaptations to the mimicry are discussed.
Tavares, Marcos, Crosnier, Alain, 1993, Crustacea Decapoda : Les Cyclodorippidae et Cymonomidae de l'Indo-Ouest-Pacifique à l'exclusion du genre Cymonomus, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 10, 156, 253-313
Résumé [+] [-]This is part of a series of papers (TAVARES, 1991a, 1991b, 1992a, 1992b, 1992c) reviewing the Cyclodorippidae Ortmann, 1892, and Cymonomidae Bouvier, 1897, of the world. It contains a review of all the Cyclodorippidae from the Indo West Pacific as well as one genus of Cymonomidae. This is a systematic approach preceding a more detailed study of the Cyclodorippoidea morphology and of the phylogenetic relationships within the superfamily. The present work was based upon large collections from the Indo-West Pacific (Madagascar, Japan, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, Chesterfield Islands, New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, and Wallis and Futuna Islands) carried out by the following French expéditions : MUSORSTOM 1-7, BIOCAL, CHALCAL 2, CORAIL 2, KARUBAR, LAGON, and SMIB 6. Also included is the material collected by the "Siboga" Expédition, 1899, CRUSTACEA DECAPODA : CYCLODORIPPIDAE ET CYMONOMIDAE 255 "Albatross", 1908, the material collected by the Russian océanographie ships "Orlik" in 1960 on the coast of Vietnam and "Vytiatz" on the west coast of Australia, two samples made by Raoul SERÈNE in Indonesia in during the RUMPHIUS I expédition in 1973 and RUMPHIUS IV in 1975, as well as collections made by the Australian ship "Soela" in 1984 on the north coast of Australia, and others made during the expédition CiDARis I under the auspices of the James Cook University on the Great Barrier Reef. Additional material from the collections of The Natural History Muséum (British Muséum), London ; Museum of Comparative Zoology, Massachusetts ; Zoological Museum of Moscow University ; National Science Museum, Tokyo; Northern Territory Muséum of Arts and Science, Darwin ; Queensland Museum, Brisbane ; South African Museum, Cape Town ; National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington and Zoologisch Museum, Amsterdam was also examined. Because of insufficient original descriptions, the re-examination of all type specimens [except for Tymolus truncatus (Ihle, 1916) which is apparently lost and Genkaia gordonae Miyaké and Takeda, 1970] and most of the spécimens cited in the literature, was required to properly establish the correspondence between species and the names introduced in the literature.Until now, seven gênera (Tymolus, Corycodus, Xeinostoma, Genkaia, Krangalangia, Ketamia, and Cymonomus) and23 species of Cyclodorippidae and Cymonomidae were known from the Indo-west Pacific. They are as follows : Cyclodorippidae : Tymolus japonicus Stimpson, 1858, T. uncifer (Ortmann, 1892), T. dromioides (Ortmann, 1892), T. similis (Grant, 1905), T. truncatus (Ihle, 1916), T. brucei Tavares, 1991, Corycodus disjunctipes (Stebbing, 1910), Xeinostoma eucheir Stebbing, 1920, Krangalangia rostrata (Ihle, 1916), K. spinosa (Zarenkov, 1970), Ketamia depressa (Ihle, 1916), Genkaia gordonae Miyaké and Takeda, 1970. Cymonomidae : Cymonomus valdiviae Lankaster, 1903, C. andamanicus Alcock, 1905, C. indicus Ihle, 1916, C. trifurcus Stebbing, 1920, C. japonicus Balss, 1922, C. curvirostris Sakai, 1965, C. aequilonius Dell, 1971, C. bathamae Dell, 1971, C. delli Griffin and Brown, 1976, C. umitake Takeda, 1981, C. hakuhoae Takeda and Moosa, 1990. From this study : — Two new genera (Phyllotymolinum and Elassopodus) and 11 new species of Cyclodorippoidea are herein described : Cyclodorippidae : Corycodus merweae, C. decorus, Xeinostoma richeri, X. sakaii, Krangalangia orstom, Ketamia handokoi, K. limatula, K. proxima, Genkaia keijii, Phyllotymolinum crosnieri. Cymonomidae : Elassopodus stellatus. — Two species are resurrected : Corycodus bouvieri Ihle, 1916, from the synonymy of C. disjunctipes (Stebbing, 1910) and Krangalangia spinosa (Zarenkov, 1970) from the synonymy of A", rostrata (Ihle, 1916).— Four lectotypes are designated here for the following species : Corycodus disjunctipes, Xeinostomaeucheir,Krangalangia rostrata, and Ketamia depressa.Presently, a total of 9 genera (7 Cyclodorippidae and 2 Cymonomidae) and 34 species (22 Cyclodorippidae and12 Cymonomidae) are known from the Indo-West Pacific. All these species are studied here except those belonging to the genus Cymonomus which will be treated in a future publication. Keys for families, genera and species are provided as well as illustrations for all species.
Vervoort, Willem, 1993, Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Hydroida: Hydroids from the Western Pacific (Philippines, Indonesia and New Caledonia) I : Sertulariidae (Part 1), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 11, 158, 89-298
Résumé [+] [-]This paper presents the first part of a study of large collections of Hydroida (Cnidaria : Hydrozoa) in the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, originating from various expeditions in the Philippines, the eastern part of the Malay Archipelago, the Chesterfield Islands, New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands. In this first part, genera of the family Sertulariidae Lamouroux, 1812, are reviewed, including new species of the genera Abietinaria Kirchenpauer, 1884 (1 new species), Dictyocladium Allman, 1888 (1 new species), Gonaxia nov. Gen. (20 new species and a new variety), SertularellaGray, 1848 (8 new species and a new subspecies), Symplectoscyphus Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1890 (6 new speciesand a new subspecies), and Thyroscyphus Allman, 1877 (1 new species). In addition to other, already known species from those genera, species of Caminothujaria Von Campenhausen, 1896, Cnidoscyphus Splettstosser, 1929, Dynamena Lamouroux, 1812, Geminella Billard, 1925, Hydrallmania Hincks, 1868, and Idiellana Cotton & Godfrey, 1942, are recorded. Many of the records are considerable range extensions or constitute new records for the Chesterfield Islands, New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands regions. Additional species and genera will be treated in a second part. Noteworthy is the occurrence of the curious new genus Gonaxia with many new species from the New Caledonia area, producing its gonothecae in intimate contact with the axis and its secondary tubules. Remarkable also is the occurrence of two northern Atlantic shallow water hydroids, Hydrallmania falcata (Linnaeus, 1758) and Diphasia attenuata (Hincks, 1861), the latter to be fully described in the sequel to this report, from deep water of the New Caledonia region. In zoogeographic context, the present study reveals a considerable degree of endemism in the deeper water hydroid fauna of the seas bordering New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands, a phenomenon also observed amongst other groups of marine animals. Further zoogeographic comments will be postponed until a larger part of this highly interesting collection has been fully studied.
- Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Decapoda : Les Metapenaeopsis indo-ouest-pacifiques avec un appareil stridulant (Penaeidae), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 255-337
- Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Decapoda : Observations complémentaires sur les Metapenaeopsis indo-ouest-pacifiques sans appareil stridulant (Penaeidae) Description de deux nouvelles espèces, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 339-349
- Grandperrin, René, Baron, J., Cillauren, E., David, G., Kulbicki, Michel, Lehodey, Patrick, Thollot, P., Wantiez, Laurent, 1994, TRAVAUX REALISES PAR LE CENTRE ORSTOM DE NOUMEA DANS LE DOMAINE HALIEUTIQUE, 262/94, 1-9
Houart, Roland, 1994, Some notes on the genus Spinidrupa Habe and Kosuge, 1966 (Muricidae: Ergalataxinae), with the description of Habromorula gen. nov. (Muricidae: Rapininae) and four new species from the Indo-West Pacific., Iberus, 12, 2, 21-31
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Spinidrupa Habe and Kosuge, 1966 is considered to be monotypic and is transfered from the Rapaninae (ex Thaidinae) to the Ergalataxinae. A new genus, Habromorula, is described to include the species usually assigned to Spinidrupa s. l. Four new species are described: Habromorula ambrosia and H. agíaos from the Marshall Islands, H. euryspira from New Caledonia, and H. lepida from New Caledonia, Midway Island, Hawaii and Papua New Guinea.
Lowry, James K., Stoddart, Helen E., Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Amphipoda: Lysianassoids from the tropical western South Pacific Ocean, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 127-223
Résumé [+] [-]There are currently 20 lysianassoid amphipod species known from the tropical western South Pacific Ocean. We report on 32 species from the area, including one new genus (Coriolisa) and 19 new species (Aristias thio, A. uokonia, Bathyamaryllis ouvea, Clepidecrella tropicalis, Coriolisa novacaledonia, Cyphocaris bellona, Hippomedon vao, Kerguelenia koutoumo, K. lifou, Lepidepecreella sarcelle, Onesimoides abyssalis, Socarnes rurutu, S. tiendi, S. tuscarora, Socarnopsis honiara, S. tandai, Trischizostoma richeri, Tryphosella ama and T. oupi). This brings the total species known from the area to 46.
Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Decapoda : Studies on the genus Munida Leach, 1820 (Galatheidae) in New Caledonian and adjacent waters with descriptions of 56 new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 421-569
Résumé [+] [-]A large collection of species of the genus Munida has been examined and found to contain 56 undescribed species. The specimens examined were caught mainly off New Caledonia, Chesterfield Islands, Loyalty Islands, Matthew and Hunter Islands. Several samples from Kiribati, the Philippines and Indonesia have also been included. The specimens were collected between 6 and 2 049 m. Some species previously known in the area (Af. Gracilis, M. haswelli, M. microps, M. spinicordata and M. tubercidata) have been illustrated. These results point up the high diversity of this genus in the region and the importance of several characters in species identification (e.g., size and number of lateral spines on the carapace, ornamentation of the thoracic sternites, size of antennular and antennal spines, colour pattern).
- Markham, John C., Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Isopoda: Bopyridae in the MUSORSTOM collections from the tropical Indo-Pacific I. Subfamilies Pseudioninae (in part), Argeiinae, Orbioninae, Athelginae and Antophilinae, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 225-253
Vidal, Jacques, 1994, A review of the genus Fulvia Gray, 1853 (Mollusca, Cardiidae), Apex, 9, 4, 93-118
Résumé [+] [-]The Cardiid genus Fulvia is revised based on examination of type material and over 900 lots in relevant muséums. Characters of shell sculpture are regarded as taxonomically more reliable than shape and colour, hitherto the base of spécifie taxonomy in the genus. It is established that Fulvia shares vvith l’epncardium numerous characters, including the présence of ocular organs on siphonal tentacles, and is included hère in the tribe VEPRICARDIINI. Laevifulvia subgen nov. (Type species: F. undatopicta Pilsbry, 1904) is segregated from Fulvia s.s., based on the lack of periostracal insertions on the ribs. Sixteen Indo-Pacific species of récent Fulvia are recognized, of which six are new. The name F. papyracea, hitherto used for a conimon Indo-West Pacific species is shown to represent a rare and restricted species. The name F. fragilis (Forsskal in Niebuhr, 1775) is to be used for most usages of F. papyracea of authors.
Bieler, Rüdiger, 1995, Mathildidae from New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 595-641
Résumé [+] [-]Specimens of the genera Mathilda and Tuba from New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands are studied, and compared with numerous other nominal mathildid species from the Indo-Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Diversity is high in this region, with several species showing a much wider distribution in the Indo-Pacific than previously ascertained. Mathilda Semper, 1865 is used sensu lato, including Fimbriatella, Granulicharilda, Mathildona and Opimilda. From the study area thirteen species are diagnosed and compared, and several as yet unnamed forms that need further study are also discussed. Four new species are described, and Mathilda fusca (Okutani & Habe, 1981), previously placed in the turritellid genus Orectospira, is recognized as the largest extant member of the family Mathildidae. Tuba Lea, 1833 is also used sensu lato, including Gegania and Tubena, and is represented by two species (one described as new). Twelve Indo-Pacific species previously referred to as Mathildidae are removed from the family: Mathildona cookiana Dell, 1956 (Epitoniidae); Mathilda elegantula Angas, 1871 (Pyramidellidae ?); M. eurytima Melvill & Standen, 1896 (Cerithiidae); M. gracillima Melvill & Standen, 1901 (Capulidae); M. oppia Hedley, 1907 (Rissoidae); M. opulenta Hedley, 1907 (Cerithiidae); M. rosae Hedley, 1901 (Eulimidae); Eucharilda pleurorbis Laseron, 1951, and Opimilda protolineata Laseron, 1951 (Triphoridae); O. porrigata Laseron, 1951 (Cerithiopsidae ?); Dunkeria pulchella A. Adams, 1860, and D. scabra A. Adams, 1860 (Epitoniidae).
- Bouchet, Philippe, 1995, Deep-water Gastropods From New Caledonia, La Conchiglia, 9-11
Dijkstra, Henk H., 1995, Bathyal Pectinoidea (Bivalvia: Propeamussidae, Entoliidae, Pectinidae) from New Caledonia and adjacent areas, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 9-74
Résumé [+] [-]The biological exploration of deep-sea benthos off New Caledonia during the years 1978-1989 has yielded a rich mollusc fauna, including 30 species of Pectinoidea. The highest diversity, with 14 species, is observed in the 600-800 m depth interval, and only three species have been collected below 1500 m. The fauna belongs to Propeamussiidae (21 species, all taken alive), Entoliidae (1 species, alive), and Pectinidae (8 species, 6 taken alive). Nine species are new to science: Parvamussium multiliratum, P. retiaculum, P. retiolum, P. squalidulum, P. undisonum, P. vesiculatum, Cyclopecten horridus, C. pellucidulus (Propeamussiidae), and Hyalopecten mireilleae (Pectinidae). Most of the other species are new records for the region. Ten lectotypes are designated, one new synonym and one new combination recognized. This pectinoid fauna shows a strong similarity to that of the wider Indo-Pacific, and marginally to that of northern New Zealand and southeastern Australia.
Guinot, Danièle, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Crosnier, Alain, 1995, Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura : Révision de la famille des Homolidae de Haan, 1839, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 13, 163, 283-517
Résumé [+] [-]Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura : Revision of the family Homolidae de Haan, 1839. Collections made by scientists from ORSTOM and during French expeditions, resulting from the cooperation of ORSTOM and the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, in the upper bathyal zone of the Indo-West-Pacific (Madagascar, Seychelles, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Chesterfield Islands, Wallis and Futuna Islands) have accumulated abundant crustacean material. We have added to it the collections by various Australian, German and Soviet expeditions in regions poorly explored until now. We have studied also specimens taken by deep traps near atolls in French Polynesia and in french Anfilles. We have also been able to examine almost all the Homolidae deposited in the large museums of the world, reference and unidentified collections, and thereby to prepare an account of the Hawaiian, Japanese, Indian, African, South African and American faunas. From all these collections it has been possible to revise and restructure the Homolidae world-wide. Examination of all type specimens has been necessary, as has that of all specimens mentioned in the literature; practically all references and all identifications have been verified. The Homolidae comprise now 14 genera, studied in terms of their phylogenetic affinities : eight genera already known (Homola Leach, Paromolopsis Wood-Mason, Paromola Wood-Mason, Latreillopsis Henderson, Homolochunia Doflein, Hypsophrys Wood-Mason, Homolomannia Ihle, Homologenus A. Milne Edwards) ; two former subgenera elevated to generic rank (Homolax Alcock, Moloha Bamard) ; and four new genera (Dagnaudus, Ihlopsis, Yaldwynopsis, Gordonopsis). Until now quite poor in species, the family now contains in the whole 57 species : it is increased by 17 new species ; in addition, about ten uncertain species are leaven apart. In the cases of two genera considered amphi-Atiantic, Homola and Homologenus, a new taxon is described ; Homola minima sp. Nov. Is separated from H. barbata (Fabricius), typically Mediterranean ; and Homologenus boucheti sp. Nov. Is separated from H. rostratus (A. Milne Edwards), from the American Atlantic. Three other new species are added to Homola : H. eldredgei, H. coriolisi and H. ranunculus. The genus Paromola is confined to some species close to P. cuvieri (Risso) and two new taxa are added : P. bathyalis and P. crosnieri. Six species are attributed to Moloha of which the former is the type species M. alcocki (Stebbing), another one the ancient Latreillopsis major of KUBO (validated) ; it is augmented by two new species, M. alisae and M. grandperrini, and also The genus Latreillopsis receives three new species : L. daviei, L. cornuta and L. antennata. The new genus Ihlopsis includes, besides I. multispinosa (Ihle) (formely in Latreillopsis), one new species, I. tirardi. A third species, H. gadaletae, is added to Homolochunia. Only one species is added to Hypsophrys, H. futuna, but the genus is certainly more diverse. Three new species, H. boucheti, H. levii and H. wallis are described in the genus Homologenus. The genus Homolax, poorly known, is well defined. For each genus adiagnosis, an illustration of the principal characteristics and homologies, plus a key to all species are given. Each genus has been strictly redefined with respect to its type species and to all its species. For the numerous poorly known species a description or summary of characters differentiating it from the nearest taxon is presented H has been made by a synthetic study of all important morphological criteria ; we have reviewed all the principal arrangements and structures of Homolidae to understand their homologies and reach rigorous the nomenclature of the grooves and ornamentation of the carapace which have been often confused in the past. Some phylogenetic hypotheses are briefly presented. The place of the Homolidae in Homoloidea is commented on with a key to the three members of the superfamily. Short remarks, which will be completed in another work, on fossil representatives are outlined. Lastly, geographic and bathymétrie distribution of the genera and species are discussed. Each species is represented often with drawings and always by several photographs.
- Hayashi, Ken-Ichi, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1995, Brief revision of the genus Leptochela with description of two new species (Crustacea, Decapoda, Pasiphaeidae), Etudes et thèses, 83–99
Houart, Roland, 1995, The Trophoninae (Gastropoda: Muricidae) of the New Caledonian region, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 459-498
Résumé [+] [-]New Caledonian representatives of the muricid subfamily Trophoninae are revised. Two new genera are described and a total of 32 species are recorded, of which 24 are new to science. One species is refered to Apixystus Iredale, 1929, four to Trophonopsis Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882, twenty-two to Leptotrophon n. gen., four to Conchatalos n. gen., and one to Litozamia Iredale, 1929. Two species formerly described in Poirieria (Paziella) (Muricinae) are transfered to Trophoninae. Three species are also known from SE and E Australia, and/or from Indonesia. The others are known only from the New Caledonian region. Most species live between 250 and 775 meters; only one species occurs in 105-110 m and three range deeper than 1000 m.
- Houart R., 1995, New records of molluscs (Leptoconchus, Lithophaga, Fungiacava) that bore Indo-Pacific reef, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle de Paris, 16, A, 245-297
Houart R., 1995, The Ergalataxinae (Gastropoda, Muricidae) from the New Caledonian region with some comments on the subfamily and the description of thirteen new species from the Indo-West Pacific, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, 16, 2-4, 245-297
Résumé [+] [-]The Ergalataxinae dredged during the MNHN-ORSTOM cruises in the New Caledonia region are listed and discussed (19 species of which 4 are new). Thirteen new species are described: Ergalatax zebra from the Gulf of Aden, Cytharomorula danigoi and Cytharomorula pinguis from the New Caledonia region, Cytharomorula springsteeni from the Philippine Islands, Daphnellopsis hypselos from East Sumatra, Lataxiena habropenos from Mozambique, Orania adiastolos from the New Caledonia region and South Africa, Orania archaea from the Philippine Islands, Taiwan, New Caledonia and Christmas Island (Indian Ocean), Orania dharmai from Indonesia, Orania mixta from the Philippine Islands and Sumatra, Orania ornamentata from southern Africa, Orania simonetae from the Marquesas Islands, and Orania taeniata from Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). Fusus imbricatus E. A. Smith, 1876 (not F. imbricatus Lesson, 1842 nec F. imbricatus De Kay, 1843) is renamed Lataxiena desserti. Two new combinations are adopted, Orania fischeriana (Tapparone Canefri, 1882) and Orania pacifica (Nakayama, 1988). Two nominal species are newly synonymised: Columbella clathra Lesson, 1842 is synonymised with Muricodrupa fenestrata (De Blainville, 1832) and Murex muriformis Lesson, 1844 is synonymised with Muricodrupa fiscella (Gmelin, 1791).
Marshall, Bruce A., 1995, Calliostomatidae (Gastropoda: Trochoidae) from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands, and the northern Lord Howe Rise, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 381-458
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty species (27 new) of Calliostomatidae are recorded from the study region, all but two of which are new records. An additional new species is based on material from northern New Zealand. They are referred to Fautor Iredale, 1924, Benthastelena Iredale, 1936, Ampullotrochus Monterosato, 1890 (as subgenera of Calliostoma Swainson, 1840), Bathyfautor gen. nov., Dactylastele gen. nov., Laetifautor Iredale, 1929, Selastele gen. nov., Fautrix gen. nov., and Thysanodonta Marshall, 1988. A new tribe, Fautricini, is introduced for species with a radula that is evidently the most primitive (plesiomorphic) in the family, and Fautricini either represents the common basal stock or an early offshoot from it. Calliostomatidae is treated as a family within Trochoidea rather than a subfamily of Trochidae as has been traditional. Three calliostomatid genus group taxa are newly synonymised: Tristichotrochus Ikebe, 1942 ( = Benthastelena Iredale, 1936), Salsipotens Iredale, 1924 (= Astele Swainson, 1840), Spicator Cotton & Godfrey, 1935 ( = Laetifautor Iredale, 1929). Criteria used for taxonomic discrimination, evolutionary history, and some biogeographical observations are discussed. All calliostomatid genus group taxa and taxa removed (some newly) from the family are listed in appendices. A lectotype is designated for Zizyphinus scobinatus A. Adams, 1863.
Matsukuma, Akihiko, Habe, Tadashige, 1995, Systematic revision of living species of Meiocardia, Glossidae and Glossocardia, Trapezidae (Bivalvia), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 75-106
Résumé [+] [-]Living species of Meiocardia, Glossidae, are reviewed on the basis of specimens stored in various museums and institutions, including the MUSORSTOM collection of Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. Six species, one of them new, are reported from the Indo-West Pacific. The type species, M. moltkiana (Gmelin, 1791), has been variously interpreted by authors, so we redescribe it and give a new diagnosis of the genus. Other species of Meiocardia are: M. sanguineomaculata (Dunker, 1882) (Philippines to Seychelles); M. vulgaris (Reeve, 1845) (China to Philippines); M. globosa sp. nov. (eastern Indian Ocean to Taiwan and Philippines); M. samarangiae Bernard, Cai & Morton, 1993 (Japan); and M. hawaiana Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938 (western Indian Ocean to Hawaii). Meiocardia lamarckii (Reeve, 1845) is synonymised with M. moltkiana. Meiocardia lamarckii of Japanese authors is not the same as M. lamarckii (Reeve), but is conspecific with M. hawaiana. Meiocardia samarangiae Bernard, Cai & Morton, 1993 is a replacement name for Isocardia tetragona Adams & Reeve, 1850 non Koch & Dunker, 1837. The genus Glossocardia, Trapezidae, is redescribed on the basis of the type-species, Glossocardia obesa (Reeve, 1843) (tropical West Pacific). It includes Glossocardia stoliczkana Prashad, 1932 (Philippines and New Caledonia) and the tropical western Atlantic G. agassizii (Dall, 1886), which was originally assigned to Meiocardia. There are no records of living or fossil species of Meiocardia from the western Atlantic or eastern Pacific.
Röckel, Dieter, Richard, Georges, MOOLENBEEK, Robert G., 1995, Deep-water cones (Gastropoda: Conidae) from the New Caledonia region., Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 557-594
Résumé [+] [-]The New Caledonian species of Cones with a main distribution below 100 m are surveyed. This fauna consists of 39 species, of which 5 are new and 18 represent significant range extensions. In addition, eight species, mostly represented by single specimens, remain unidentified. Ten species (Conus boucheti, C. kanakinus, C. luciae, C. plinthis, C. richeri, and the five new ones) are so far only known from the New Caledonia region and may be endemic. Conus smirna and C. profundorum are regarded as distinct, and two additional species are described in this species complex: C. vaubani sp. Nov., from South of New Caledonia and of the New Hebrides Arc in 440-775 m; and C. loyahiensis sp. Nov. From the Loyalty Islands in 480-575 m. Three other new species, and one subspecies, are named: Conus alisi sp. Nov. From the New Caledonia area, in 200-525 m; C. estivali sp. Nov. From the Chesterfield Islands, Coral Sea, in 355-410 m; C. gondwanensis sp. Nov. From the Norfolk Ridge, South New Caledonia, in 170-260 m; and C. orbignyi coriolisi ssp. Nov., from the Coral Sea, New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands, in 225-550 m.
Scarabino V., 1995, Scaphopoda of the tropical Pacific and indian Oceans, with description of 3 new genera and 42 new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 189-380
Résumé [+] [-]New data on the scaphopod fauna of the Indo-West Pacific are presented, based on new material from recent oceanographic expeditions, mostly in the SW Indian Ocean, SE Asia and the New Caledonia region. Over 780 stations yielded a total of 139 species. Of 81 species of Dentaliida and 58 Gadilida, 42 species (16 Dentaliida and 26 Gadilida), as well as 3 gadilid genera, are described as new. Many range extensions are documented, and new synonymies are established. With 73 recorded species, New Caledonia is currently the geographic area with the highest documented scaphopod diversity. Their bathymetric distribution shows a peak in species numbers in deep water around 800 m, with a second, minor peak for Gadilida at around 2,000 m. Including genera not represented in the Indo-Pacific, 44 Recent scaphopod genera are recognized. The radula of 42 of these is described, and an update of the general classification of the class Scaphopoda is proposed.
- Tan, Cheryl G.S., Ng, Peter K.L., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1995, A revision of the Indo-Pacifîc genus Oreophorus Ruppell, 1830 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura Leucosiidae), Etudes et thèses, 2, 101-189
Wells, Fred E., 1995, A revision of the drilliid genera Splendrillia and Plagiostropha (Gastropoda: Conoidea) from New Caledonia, with additional records from other areas, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 527-556
Résumé [+] [-]Based on specimens from the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, the drilliid genera Splendrillia and Plagiostropha from New Caledonia are revised, and information on species of these genera from other areas is included. A total of 18 species of Splendrillia are examined. Fourteen species are described as new: one from the Philippines and thirteen from New Caledonia (of which two are also recorded from the Mozambique Channel and one from the Philippines). Splendrillia disjecta (Smith, 1888) described from the Persian Gulf, is recorded from the Philippines. Splendrillia persica (Smith, 1888), also described from the Persian Gulf is recorded from New Caledonia. Splendrillia solicitata (Sowerby, 1913) described from Japan is recorded from New Caledonia. Splendrillia praeclara (Melvill, 1893) described from Bombay, India, is recorded from both the Philippines and New Caledonia. Four new species of Plagiostropha are described: three from New Caledonia and one from Réunion Island.
- Baba, Keiji, de Saint Laurent, Michèle, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Decapoda: Revision of the genus Bathymunida Balss, 1914, and description of the six new related genera (Galatheidae), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 433-502
Bruce, Alexander J., Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Decapoda : Palaemonoid shrimps from the Indo-West Pacific region mainly from New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 197-267
Résumé [+] [-]A collection of 52 species of palaemonoid shrimps from the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, is reported upon. Material is derived principally from the New Caledonian region but also includes specimens from Aden/Yemen, Comoro Islands, western Indian Ocean, Philippines, Indonesia and Wallis Island. Specimens have been collected from intertidal depths to over 600 m. Ten species have been collected from water depths of over 100 m. Two new genera of pontoniine shrimp are designated : Climeniperaeus, for Periclimenaeus truncoideus Chace & Bruce, 1993, and Typtonychus, for a new species, T. crassimanus. The following species are transferred from the genus Typton to the new genus Typtonychus : T. anomalus (Bruce, 1979), T. dentatus (Fujino & Miyake, 1969), and T. dimorphus (Bruce, 1986). These species are probably all associates of Porifera. Six new species of pontoniine shrimp are described. These include Conchodytes philippinensis, from an unknown locality in the Philippines; Mesopontonia verrucimanus, from 184-186 m in the Tanimbar Islands, Indonesia; Periclimenaeus colodactylus, from 20-25 m in New Caledonia, in association with Diplosoma versicolor Monniot; Periclimenes involens, from 92-97 m, off Mindoro, Philippines, of unknown association; Pontonia compacta, from 10- 60 m, in New Caledonia, in association with Pyura albaneyensis Michaelson and Pontonia simplicipes, from 71 m, in the Chesterfield Islands, in association with Pyura nigricans Heller.
Casanova, Jean-Paul, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Mysidacea : Les Lophogastridés d'Indonésie, de Nouvelle-Calédonie et des Îles Wallis et Futuna, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 125-146
Résumé [+] [-]Crustacea Mysidacea : The Lophogastrida from Indonesia, New Caledonia and Wallis and Futuna Islands. A large series of samples dredged during different cruises in the tropical western Pacific have made it possible to draw up or complete the species inventories of various regions. Thirteen species, including two new to science, were found in Indonesia (KARUBAR and ESTASE 2 cruises): Gnathophausia ingens, G. longispina, G. elegans, G. fagei sp. Nov., G. zoea, G. gracilis, Lophogaster inermis sp. Nov., L. manilae, L. rotundatus, Paralophogaster glaber, P. philippinensis, P. boucheti and Eucopia sculpticauda. Only three species were found at Wallis and Futuna Islands (cruise MUSORSTOM 7) : G. longispina, L. manilae and L. neocaledonensis. Moreover, of the 4 species identified from New Caledonia, one - Lophogaster intermedins - is a new record, bringing the total number of species known from this area to 10. From all the results published since 1981, it can be seen that 9 of the 21 lophogastrid species identified were new to science, and that the species diversity is greatest in the Philippines and Indonesia (18 species), decreasing in New Caledonia (10), and is lowest at Wallis and Futuna (3). Finally, remarks are made on the diagnostic features of each species to be retained in order to facilitate their identification.
Chan, Tin-Yam, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Decapoda Crangonidae : revision of the three closely related genera Aegaeon Agassiz 1846, Pontocaris Bate, 1888 and Parapontocaris Alcock 1901, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 269-336
Résumé [+] [-]The species of Pontocaris Bate, 1888, and related genera, Aegaeon Agassiz, 1846 and Parapontocaris Alcock, 1901, are reviewed based on the abundant samples collected by ORSTOM (Institut français de Recherche scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération), the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, the Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, and the National Taiwan Ocean University, as well as those deposited at other museums and institutions. Altogether 21 species and one subspecies are recognized which appear to form three natural groups. The genus Parapontocaris Alcock, 1901 is retained for the 6 species assigned to it by CHACE (1984), but different characters are used to differentiate them. An interlocking mechanism between the posterior thoracic sternites and the carapace is found in all species of the Pontocaris propensalata group, but not in the others. Furthermore, females of this group can modify their pereiopods, probably for the care of the eggs, when they molt for spawning. Such modification of the pereiopods is unique in the carideans according to present knowledge. Thus, the genus Pontocaris Bate, 1888, is now restricted to the species of this group and BRUCE'S (1988) Pontocheras becomes a junior synonym of the former. At present 10 species and one subspecies are recognized in this group, with the names P. affinis (Alcock, 1901) and P. hilarula (de Man, 1918) revived and four new species and one new subspecies described : P. major from the Philippines, P. laurentae and P. spinifera from Indonesia, P. profundior from the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, and P. affinis allodactylus from the Red Sea. The name Aegaeon Agassiz, 1846 is revived for five species with characters intermediate between Parapontocaris and Pontocaris (as defined here), namely A. cataphractus (Olivi, 1792), A. lacazei (Gourret, 1887), A. orientalis Henderson, 1893, A. rathbuni de Man, 1918 and A. boschii (Christoffersen, 1988). Keys for distinguishing these three genera and the identification of the species are provided. The distribution and evolution, as well as sexual dimorphism and polymorphism in females, of these species are briefly discussed. Both the morphological characters and distribution patterns suggest that the genus Parapontocaris is relatively more ancient and has a typical Tethys distribution. On the other hand, species of Pontocaris possess many advanced characters and are still actively evolving in the Indo-West Pacific. The intermediate genus Aegaeon probably forms a link between the above two genera and has successfully invaded the Atlantic from the original Indo-West Pacific distribution.
- Lamprell, Kevin L., Stanisic, John, 1996, Callista, Lioconcha and Pitar in New Caledonia and adjacent waters (Mollusca, Veneridae), Molluscan Research, 17, 27-48
- Moosa, Mohammad Kasim, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Decapoda: Deep-water swimming crabs from the South-West Pacific, particularly New Caledonia (Brachyura, Portunidea), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 503-530
- Röckel D., Moolenbeek R., 1996, Conus tirardi, a new species from the Pacific Ocean (Gastropoda: Conidae)., Vita Marina, 44, 1-2, 47-51
Amaoka, Kunio, Mihara, Eiji, Rivaton, Jacques, Séret, Bernard, 1997, Pisces, pleuronectiformes: Flatfishes from the waters around New Caledonia. Six species of the bothid genera Tosarhombus and Parabothus, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 17, 174, 143-172
Résumé [+] [-]Six species of the two related bothid genera Tosarhombus and Parabothus from the Coral Sea are described and keys to species are provided: T. neocaledonicus Amaoka & Rivaton, 1991, T. longimanus sp. nov., T. brevis sp. nov., P. filipes sp. nov., P. kiensis (Tanaka, 1918) and P. coarctatus (Gilbert, 1905). T. longimanus is characterized by having uniserial teeth on upper jaw, a pectoral fin on the ocular side longer than the head in males, 6 2 - 7 1 scales in the lateral line and a light brownbody. T. brevis is characterized by having a deeper body, a shorter pectoral fin on the ocular side in males and smaller mouth. P.filipes is distinguished from known congeners of the genus by the greatly elongated pelvic fm in males and the small number of scales in the lateral line. P. kiensis and P. coarctatus represent first records from the Coral Sea.
Castro, Peter, 1997, Trapeziid crabs (Brachyura: Xanthoidea: Trapeziidae) of New Caledonia, eastern Australia and the Coral Sea, Etudes et thèses, 3, 59-107
Résumé [+] [-]An examination of extensive collections made in New Caledonia and nearby islands by the ORSTOM Center in Nouméa, New Caledonia, of collections kept at various museums, and collections of live material made by the author in New Caledonia and in Queensland, Australia, has revealed that a total of 20 species belonging to five genera of trapeziid crabs inhabit the Coral Sea region. Two of the species belonging to the genus Trapezia are described as new. The taxonomic status of several species, particularly Trapezia cymhce (Herbst, 1801), is also revised.
Galil, Bella S., Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Crustacea Decapoda: A revision of the Indo-Pacific species of the genus Calappa Weber, 1795 (Calappidae), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 18, 176, 271-335
Résumé [+] [-]The Indo-Pacific species of Calappa Weber, 1795 are revised. Specimens have been collected from the intertidal to depths over 380 m, with nine species from water depths greater than 100 m. One new genus of calappid crab is established: Calappula, for Calappa saussurei Rathbun, 1898 and C. lortugae Rathbun, 1933 from each side of the Central American Isthmus. Five new species are described: C. conifera, C. matsuzawa, C. monilicanthus, C. sebastieni, and C. torulosa. All taxa are described and illustrated, detailed synonymies are listed, and a key is provided.
Poore, Gary C. B., 1997, A review of the thalassinidean families Callianideidae Kossmann, Micheleidea Sakai and Thomassiniidae de Saint Laurent (Crustacea, Decapoda) with descriptions of fifteen species, Zoosystema, 19, 2, 345-420
Résumé [+] [-]Three thalassinidean families with setalrows and with a seta on the scaphogna-thite of maxilla 2 are defined and reviewed : Callianideidae (with pleoposal filaments, without posterolateral lobes on the carapace, without anterolateral lobes on abdominal somite 1, without linea thalassinica); and Thomassiniidae (without pleopodal filaments, without posterolateral lobes on the carapace, without anterolateral lobes on abdominal somite 1, with well developed lonea thalassinica). All the genera are diagnosed and keys are presented. Of the thirty-five species described and listed, fifteen are new: Marcusiaxius wamsoi, Metioconaxius noumea, M. spicatus, Michelea abranchiata, M. devaneyi, M. hortus, M. microphylla, M. novaecaledoniae, M. paraleura and Tethisea mindoro (Micheleidae); Crosniera corindon, C. panie, Mictaxius arno, T. moorea (Thomassiniidae). All ohers are redescribed when necessary, one in a new combination: Marcusiaxius minutus (Coelho).
ter Poorten, Jan Johan, 1997, Acrosterigma sewelli (Prashad, 1932), a valid species from the central Indo-Pacific, cOlDpared with Acrosterigma flava (Linnaeus, 1758) (Bivalvia, Cardiidae), Basteria, 61, 33-39
Résumé [+] [-]The validity of Acrosterigma sewelli is demonstrated and a comparison is made with A. flava. A detailed description and new data on the distribution are given. Relationships with other Acrosterigma species are discussed and diagnostic features are given.
Beu, Alan G., 1998, Indo-West Pacific Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). A monograph of the New Caledonian fauna and revisions of related taxa - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 19, 178, 256
Résumé [+] [-]The Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae from the New Caledonia region (including the Loyalty Islands, the Coral Sea and the New Hebrides Arc) are monographed based on the results of an extensive collecting effort totalling more than 1000 stations. Seventy-three species are recorded, with numerous range extensions. One of the more remarkable aspects of this fauna is the uniquely diverse deep-water tonnoidean assemblage, dominated by species such as Bursa fijiensis, B. latitudo, B. quirihorai, species of Distorsio, Sassia remensa, and less common small personids in the genera Distorsionella and Personopsis. The number of species of New Caledonian Personidae is the highest yet recorded. The Personopsis species are the first modem ones correctly referred to the genus. Revisions are provided of Biplex, Gyrineum, Cyinatium (Gelagna), the Cymatium vespaceum, C. tenuiliratum and Bursa latitudo species groups, of southwest Pacific species of Sassia, and of several Cymatium (Ranularia) and Distorsio species. New genera proposed are Halgyrineum (Ranellidae) and Distorsomina (Personidae). Seven new species are proposed: Biplex bozzettii (from Somalia and southem India), Gyrineum longicaudatum (from the tropical westem Pacific), Cymatium pemiiketi (from Oman), Distorsio parvimpedita, Distorsionella pseudaphera, Personopsis purpurata and P. trigonaperta (all from New Caledonia). The nomenclature of numerous taxa is stabilized by the designation of neotypes and lectotypes for nominal species named by A. Adams & Reeve, Broderip, Deshayes, Dillwyn, Dunker, Fulton, Gmelin, Gould, Gray, Iredale, Jousseaume, Kuenen. Küster, Lamarck, Linné, Martin. Mighels, d'Orbigny, Perry, Reeve, Röding, Salis Marschlins, Schepman, Schumacher, G B. Sowerby II, and Wood.
Cohen, Bernard L., Stark, S., Gawthrop, Angela, Burke, M. E., Thayer, C. W., 1998, Comparison of articulate brachiopod nuclear and mitochondrial gene trees leads to a clade-based redefinition of protostomes (Protostomozoaand ) and deuterostomes (Deuterostomozoa), Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 265, 475-482
Résumé [+] [-]Nuclear and mtDNA sequences from selected short-looped terebratuloid (terebratulacean) articulate brachiopods yield congruent and genetically independent phylogenetic reconstructions by parsimony, neighbour-joining and maximum likelihood methods, suggesting that both sources of data are reliable guides to brachiopod species phylogeny. The present-day genealogical relationships and geographical distributions of the tested terebratuloid brachiopods are consistent with a tethyan dispersal and subsequent radiation. Concordance of nuclear and mitochondrial gene phylogenies reinforces previous indications that articulate brachiopods, inarticulate brachiopods, phoronids and ectoprocts cluster with other organisms generally regarded as protostomes. Since ontogeny and morphology in brachiopods, ectoprocts and phoronids depart in important respects from those features supposedly diagnostic of protostomes, this demonstrates that the operational definition of protostomy by the usual ontological characters must be misleading or unreliable. New, molecular, operational definitions are proposed to replace the traditional criteria for the recognition of protostomes and deuterostomes, and the clade-based terms 'Protostomozoa' and 'Deuterostomozoa' are proposed to replace the existing terms 'Protostomia' and 'Deuterostomia'.
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1998, La diversité du benthos marin de Nouvelle-Calédonie : de l'espèce à la notion de patrimoine, 327
Tavares, Marcos, 1998, Phyllotymolinidae, nouvelle famille de Brachyoures Podotremata (Crustacea, Decapoda), Zoosystema, 20, 1, 109-122
Résumé [+] [-]Phyllotymolinidae, new family of Brachyura Podotremata (Crustacea, Decapoda). A new crab family, Phyllotymolinidae, is described to accommodate the genera Phyllotymolinum Tavares, 1993, the type genus, Genkaia Miyaké et Takeda, 1970 and Lonchodactylus Tavares et Lemaitre, 1996. Four species are included in the new lamily: Phyllotymolinum crosnieri Tavares, 1993 (New Caledonia and Vanuatu, 280-301 m); Genkaia gordonae Miyaké et Takeda, 1970 (Japon, Tsushima, north-eastern Kyushu, 68-100 m); Genkaia keijii Tavares, 1993 (New Caledonia, 135-150 m); and Lonchodactylus messingi Tavares et Lemaitre, 1996 (Bahamas, 262 m).
Vermeij, Geerat J., Bouchet, Philippe, 1998, New Pisaniinae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Buccinidae) from New Caledonia, with remarks on Cantharus and related genera, Zoosystema, 20, 3, 471-485
Résumé [+] [-]The genera Cantharus Röding, 1798, Pollia Gray in Sowerby, 1834, and Cancellopollia n.g. (type species : C. gracilis n. sp.) are pisaniine buccinids having a small tooth (labral spine) at the edge of the crenulated outer lip. As defined and restricted here, these genera have a mainly Indo-West Pacific distribution. Cantharus septemcostatus n. sp. , Pollia pellita n. sp., Cancellopollia gracilis n. sp. , and C. ustulata n. sp., are reported from deep water in the New Caledonia region, and Cantharus leucotaeniatus Kosuge, 1985 and Pollia vicdani (Kosuge, 1984) n. comb. are from the Vanuatu. Despite a narrow bathymetric (4154-560 m) and horizontal (northernmost Norfolk Ridge) distribution, Cancellopollia gracilis exhibits remarkable variation, with highly localised morphs.
Grandperrin, René, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1999, Programme «Monts sous-marins» (1990-2000) Bilan final, 49
Résumé [+] [-]Le programme «Monts sous-marins» s'est déroulé au centre IRD de Nouméa depuis 1990 sous la direction de René GRANDPERRIN. Ses objectifs étaient l'étude faunistique des pentes récifales externes, des monts sous-marins et du domaine bathyal supérieur (200-1500 m) et l'évaluation de leurs potentialités halieutiques. 32 campagnes représentant un total de 446 jours de mer ont été effectuées. 18 d'entre elles ont été consacrées à l'halieutique, 13 aux études faunistiques et une à des essais de sondeur. 1496 opérations de prélèvement ont été réalisées (445 pour l'halieutique et 1051 pour la faunistique) avec les engins suivants: casier, chalut à crevettes, chalut de fond à poissons, grand chalut de fond à poissons néo-zélandais, chalut à perche, chalut pélagique à poissons, drague épibenthique, drague à roche, drague Waren et palangre de fond. En ce qui concerne l'halieutique, les ressources des pentes externes (100-600 m) ont été étudiées en Nouvelle-Calédonie et à Vanuatu, archipel pour lequel un atlas des pêches est sous presse. Les monts sous-marins agissent comme des dispositifs de concentration de poissons pour les espèces démersales. En Nouvelle-Calédonie, ils abritent une ressource en Beryx splendens qui fit l'objet d'une exploitation commerciale. Une étude scientifique, basée sur Il campagnes, a pennis de déterminer les paramètres biologiques et dynamiques de l'espèce et de modéliser sa distribution en fonction de la profondeur. Pour la première fois, une corrélation liant la croissance d'un poisson de profondeur avec le phénomène ENSO a été établie. Des travaux de génétiques des populations sont en cours sur cette espèce. Par ailleurs, le programme «Monts sous-marins» collabora étroitement avec le programme ZoNéCo d'identification et d'évaluation des ressources marines de la zone économique de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Deux synthèses portant sur les données thonières et sur les poissons profonds furent réalisées. Un halieute participa aux campagnes de bathymétrie mettant en œuvre un sondeur multifaisceaux à bord du N.O. L'Atalante. Cinq campagnes d'exploration des ressources halieutiques profondes furent effectuées à bord du N.O. Alis à l'aide de chaluts et de palangres de fond. Elles mirent en évidence l'existence de certaines ressources jusque là ignorées des pêcheurs. Les collectes de la faune bathyale ont été réalisées dans le cadre d'opérations conjointes IRD et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (MNHN). L'analyse des prélèvements a été possible grâce à un réseau de taxonomistes mis en place par l'IRD (Centre de Nouméa et Antenne du MNHN) et le MNHN ; il compte 181 chercheurs appartenant à 92 institutions de 24 nations différentes, ce qui représente un effort de recherche internationale exceptionnel! Les résultats obtenus dans le Pacifique sud-ouest, et notamment en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ont révolutionné la connaissance de la biodiversité des faunes profondes. 20 volumes des Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM qui paraissent dans la série des Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle sont déjà parus (environ 10 000 pages) et un autre est sous presse. Ils traitent de plus de 4500 espèces dont plus de 1300 étaient nouvelles pour la science. 126 genres nouveaux ont été créés de même que 7 familles nouvelles. Au sein de cette étude, la Nouvelle-Calédonie apparaît comme particulièrement riche en espèces et d'une très grande originalité puisque sur-les 1619 espèces actuellement publiées, 60,7 % étaient nouvelles pour la science. Des études phylogénétiques ont été réalisées sur certains groupes zoologiques en utilisant soit des techniques de biologie moléculaire (ADN), soit des méthodes de microscopie électronique. Il s'agit des Crustacés, des Echinodermes (Crinoïdes) et des Brachiopodes, parmi lesquels plusieurs formes panchroniques ont été découvertes. L'accessibilité aux faunes de profondeurs au cours du programme «Monts sous-marins» a permis de récolter des organismes qui ont fait l'objet d'analyses par le programme de pharmacologie (Substances Marines d'Intérêt Biologique: SMIB). Deux bases de données sont directement issues des travaux du programme «Monts sous-marins». Elles concernent les données halieutiques et les données faunistiques. Les premières ont été stockées à la Structure de Gestion et de Valorisation Locale (SGVL) du programme ZoNéCo. Les secondes le sont à l'IRD. Pour chacune d'elles, une procédure de création de sites INTERNET est en cours. Le problème majeur rencontré par le programme fut la disponibilité en personnel. En effet, avec une moyenne de 6 personnes, dont un chercheur et un ingénieur d'étude à plein temps, les effectifs ne dépassèrent jamais un total de 9! Le programme disposa en moyenne de 318 kFlan, dont 40 % sur fonds IRD et 60 % sur financements extérieurs. Les financements extérieurs furent de trois types: FIDES section locale du Territoire de Nouvelle-Calédonie, programme ZoNéCo et, dans une moindre mesure, MAE. Le nombre de publications réalisées par les ressortissants du programme a été de 214, dont 139 pour lesquelles le premier auteur est un membre du programme.
Mah, Christopher, 1999, Taxonomy of the South Pacific brisingidan Brisingaster robillardi (Asteroidea) with new ontogenetic and phylogenetic Information, Zoosystema, 21, 3, 535-546
Résumé [+] [-]New material of Brisingaster robillardi de Loriol 1883, including juveniles, allows a more complete description of the species. Papulae, obscured in the holotype and previously unknown for this taxon, are present. Abactinal plate arrangements provide new autapomorphies for the genus Brisingaster. Scanning electronic microscope photographs of pedicellariae are described and compared with those of Novodinia antillensis. The range of B. robillardi is extended to New Caledonia, Western Australia and Amami-o-shima, Japan. Morphological variation is present between material from the Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Novodinia helenae Rowe, 1989 is synonymized with B. robillardi. New phylogenetic evidence also supporrs a new family, the Brisingasteridae, which tentatively includes Brisingaster and Novodinia.
McLay, Colin L., Crosnier, Alain, 1999, Crustacea Decapoda: Revision of the Family Dynomenidae, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 20, 180, 427-569
Résumé [+] [-]The Dynomenidae are a group of small, uncommon, primitive crabs, which are often associated with corals. They inhabit depths down to around 500 m, between latitudes 40°N and 40°S. All genera and species are revised and redescribed, and the genus Dynomene Desmarest, 1823 is divided into two additional genera. As a result, there are thirteen known species belonging to five genera: Dynomene Desmarest, 1823 [D. hispida Guérin-Méneville, 1832, D. praedator A. Milne Edwards, 1879, D. pugnatrix de Man, 1889, D. filholi Bouvier, 1894, and D. pilumnoides Alcock, 1900], Hirsutodynomene gen. nov. [H. spinosa (Rathbun, 1911), and H. ursula (Stimpson, li>60)], Metadynomene gen. nov. [Ai. devaneyi (Takeda, 1977), M. tanensis (Yokoya, 1933), and M. crosnieri sp. nov.], Acanlliodromia A. Milne Edwards, 1880 [A. erinacea A. Milne Edwards, 1880, and A. margarita (Alcock, 1899)], and Paradynomene Sakai, 1963 [P. tuberculata Sakai, 1963]. A key is provided to identify these species. In addition nine fossil genera, dating from the Upper Jurassic, are known: Stephanonietopon Bosquet, 1854, Dromiopsis Reuss, 1859, Palaeodromites A. Milne Edwards, 1865, Cyamocarcinus Bittner, 1883, Graptocarcinus Roemer, 1887, Cyclothyreus Remes, 1895, Gemmellarocarcinus Checchia-Rispoli, 1905, Glyptodynomene Van Straelen, 1944, Trachynotocarcinus Wright & Collins, 1972. Some extinct species have also been placed in the genus Dynomene. The definition of the family Dynomenidae given by ALCOCK (1901) is updated and expanded in order to allow fossil species to be more accurately determined. Because of overlap with the Dromiidae, there has been some uncertainty about true family affinities of some fossils. Although these genera are in need of revision, this is not undertaken in this paper. The status oi Dynomene pilumnoides is established as a valid species, D. pugnatrix brevimana Rathbun. 1911 is synonymized with D. pugnatrix de Man, 1889, D. granulobata Dai, Yang & Lan, 1981 is a synonym of D. hispida, while D. sinensis Chen, 1979, D. tenuilobata Dai, Yang & Lan, 1981, and D. huangluensis Dai, Cai & Yang, 1996 are all synonyms of D. praedator. Dynomenids are reported from Australia for the first time in D. pilumnoides, and Hirsutodynomene spinosa. The status of Metadynomene tanensis (Yokoya, 1933) is established as a widespread Pacific species and shown to be part of the fauna of Japan, where it has been confused with D. praedator. Paradynomene tuberculata, previously known from Japan and New Caledonia, is now recorded from the Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean. P. tuberculata as well as D. praedator and H. spinosa, are reported from Guam. The Atlantic Ocean and the Indo-Pacific share genera of dynomenids but not species. The biogeographic history of dynomenids is interpreted in the liglit of tfieir present distribution and in relation to plate tectonics. Ancestral dynomenids are assumed to have been tethyan crabs and D. filholi and Acanthodromia erinacea, two insular Atlantic species, are shown to be tethyan relicts. By contrast, Hirsutodynomene ursula from the eastem Pacific, seems to be a species of quite recent origin. In redescribing the species particular attention is paid to some new characters: setae, gills, epipods and gill cleaning mechanisms, the subchelate structure of the last pereopods and the male pleopods. This work was undertaken using a scanning electron microscope. Differences in the gross appearance of setae can be used to separate species and there are substantial differences in setal structure at the microscopic level. The standard branchial formula for dynomenids is shown to be nineteen gills plus seven epipods. There is little variation in gill numbers but substantial variation in gill shape between species. Although dynomenid gills are often said to be "transitional" they are arranged as in phyllobranchs but with the epibranchial part divided into varying numbers of lobes which gives them a trichobranch-like appearance. Acanthodromia has gills which are almost identical to the phyllobranchs of the Dromiidae but which retain the "dynomenid notch" on each side which, in cross section, give each gill plate a violin shape. The gill cleaning mechanism in dynomenids is complex, being carried out by no less than eight appendages (long setae on the posterior margin of the scaphognatbite and the seven epipods) as well as stiff setae on the posterior hypobranchial wall of the gill chamber. In eubrachyurans only three appendages (maxillipodal epipods) are used. In dynomenids the last pereopod is very reduced (on average less than one-third the length of the fourth pereopod) and carried in a horizontal position alongside the posterolateral carapace margin above the base of the preceding pereopod. They are not, as it has been commonly described, carried subdorsally. Using a scanning electron microscope it was revealed that this limb is sexually dimorphic: in males the dactyl has the normal shape of a tiny claw, but in females the dactyl is a flattened plate, bearing five to sixteen spines which are opposable to an extension of the propodus. In both males and females the propodal extension is armed with spines but in Hirsutodynomene. Metadynomene and Paradynotnene, females have a significantly larger number of spines, which are armed with tiny teeth. Males of three species have an additional small spine on the outer margin of the dactyl. This is a character, previously only known amongst the Dromiidae, which suggests that the last pereopod of dynomenids may have evolved from a camouflagecarrying limb. This limb appears to be vestigial and it is difficult to know what its function may have been amongst the dynomenid ancestors. However its most likely former role appears to be as a cleaning appendage, but certainly not for carrying pieces of camouflage as it is found amongst the dromiids and homolids. All dynomenids, except Acanthodromia, lack an effective abdominal locking mechanism and both sexes have five pairs of pleopods. The female has vestigial, uniramous first pleopods followed by four pairs of normal biramous pleopods, while the male has the normal first two pairs of pleopods as well as three pairs of rudimentary pleopods on segments three to five. These rudimentary pleopods can be uniramous or bifid. In Metadynomene tatiensis 17% of females were gynandromorphs with small male first pleopods but the remaining pleopods were normal. The diet of dynomenids seems to consist of food obtained by sieving fine sediment or perhaps coral mucus. The bunches of sfiff setae on the inner margins of the cheliped fingers and third maxillipeds are probably used to separate fine organic fragments. Most of their gut contents are unidentifiable soft organic material along with small amounts of chopped chitinous fragments perhaps coming from hydroids or other crustaceans. Dynomenids appear to be deposit feeders. Dynomenids have a broadcast reproductive strategy, with indirect development, laying small eggs (mean diameter = 0.49 mm) which probably produce planktonic larvae. Dynomenid larvae have never been reported in plankton samples. Males are on average 19% larger than females which become sexually mature at 5-8 mm CW for small species, or 9-13 mm CW for large species. Egg numbers increase logarithmically with body size. Given the sister group relationship with homolodromiids (which have very abbreviated development) it is implied that dynomenids and dromiids evolved from ancestors which had large eggs and perhaps a brooding strategy. This conclusion is contrary to accepted wisdom, but it is the most parsimonious answer. Some dromiids have retained the brooding strategy but others have independently evolved a broadcast strategy. The evolution of such a strategy in both these families is probably related to their colonization of the shallow water habitat. Both dynomenids and dromiids are mostly crabs of the continental shelf whereas homolodromiids are crabs of the continental slope. Using morphological characters the phylogenetic relafionships of the Dynomenidae are examined. Both the Dynomenidae and the Dromiidae are monophylefic, sharing significant apomorphies. The resemblance of some dynomenids and dromiids is shown to be the result of convergent evolution within these families. The Homolodromiidae are also monophyletic but are defined almost exclusively by plesiomorphies. Monophyly of the Dromiacea de Haan, 1833 is supported by morphological characters with the Dynomenidae and Dromiidae together being the sister group of the Homolodromiidae. The ancestor of these three families was probably a camouflage carrying crab, using both of the last two pairs of pereopods. A controversial aspect of the sister group relationships of the dromiaceans is the need to assume that in dynomenids the fourth pereopod has reverted to a locomotory role and the fifth pereopod became a cleaning limb. Monophyly of the Podotremata Guinot, 1977 is also supported. This analysis suggests that camouflage-carrying behaviour has evolved independently in the Dromiidae (and probably in the Homolodromiidae) and the Homolidae. Dromiids carry pieces of sponges or ascidians as well as shells, using the last two pairs of pereopods, while homolids carry sponges or anemones, using only the last pair of pereopods. The ancestor of the Dromiacea and Archaeobrachyura was probably an inhabitant of deeper waters and not a camouflage carrying crab.
Vidal, Jacques, 1999, Taxonomic review of the elongated cockles: Genera Trachycardium, Vasticardium and Acrosterigma (Mollusca, Cardiidae), Zoosystema, 21, 2, 259-335
Résumé [+] [-]The cardiids of the subfamily Trachycardiinae Stewatt, 1930 (sensu Keen, 1969, genus Papyridea excluded), are reviewed, with special attention given to the geneta Trachycardium, Acrosterigma, and Vasticardium. No change is proposed here to the relatively well-defined taxonomy of Trachycardium, consideted to be exclusively American, with six subgenera, nor to the American Acrosterigma. In contrast, the generic taxonomy of the Indo-Pacific Trachycardiinae, quasi-randomly distributed by authors among the three genera cited above, was not clear and is reevaluated. All of the species are regrouped here into two genera Vasticardium and Acrosterigma which receive clear and usable definitions. The American genus Trachycardium differs widely from them in both hinge and rib morphology. The two genera Vasticardium and Acrosterigma are distinguished mainly by rib motphology. These three genera are now grouped in the subfamily Cardiinae. In several previous articles, I have analyzed in detail the genus Vasticardium, including fifteen Recent species. The results are summarized here. The genus Acrosterigma is represented in America by several fossil species and two Recent species; in the Indo-Pacific, where no general study has previously been undettaken, it is represented by several fossil species (one new) and twenty-five Recent species, of which nine are new; these species are divided into six species-groups. Neotypes ate proposed for Cardium magnum Linné, 1758 and Cardium biradiatum Bruguière, 1789 and lectotypes for Cardium laevigatum Linné, 1758, Cardium serratum Linné, 1758, and Cardium marmoreum Lamarck, 1819.
Ahyong, Shane T., Mihara, Eiji, Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Pisces Pleuronectiformes: Flatfishes from New Caledonia and adjacent waters. Genus Arnoglossus, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 783-813
Résumé [+] [-]Species of the bothid genus Arnoglossus collected from waters around New Caledonia are reviewed. Seven species, including two new species, two new zoogeographical records and three species already recorded from the region were identified, being Arnoglossus septemventralis sp. nov. and A. nigrifrons sp. nov., A. tenuis, A. elongatus, and A. macrolophus, A. japonicus and A. polyspilus, respectively. Arnoglossus septemventralis sp. nov., described from ten specimens collected between 230-315 m off southern New Caledonia, is easily separable from all other members of the genus in having seven pelvic rays on both sides. Arnoglossus nigrifrons sp. nov., described from two specimens collected from 300-315 m on the Chesterfield Plateau and northwest of New Caledonia, is characterized by a rounded upper head profile, several anterior dorsal fm rays elongated in males, gill rakers without serrations and a darkened head region. Arnoglossus tenuis, collected from 10-16 m off New Caledonia, was previously known from southern Japan to the South China Sea, and A. elongatus, from 250-350 m off New Caledonia, previously only from the Madura Sea and northwestern Australia. Arnoglossus macrolophus was collected from relatively shallow waters (49-92 m) off New Caledonia, and A. japonicus and A. polyspilus from deeper waters (210-385 m) off New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands and Chesterfield Plateau.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., 2000, A new species of Volutomitra (Gastropoda: Volutomitridae) from New Caledonia, Venus, 59, 3, 181-190
Résumé [+] [-]Volutomitra glabella n. sp., from off New Caledonia, is the second representative of the genus from the tropical South-West Pacific, where it has been recorded alive on hard bottoms in 258-525 m. Its anatomy is essentially similar to that of other boreal, Antarctic and Australasian species of Volutomitridae. It is sympatric with the V. vaubani species-complex, from which it differs by its larger adult size (17-25 mm), more vividly coloured shell, and larger protoconch (average diameter 1440,um vs average 1030,um in V. vaubani).
Castro, Peter, Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: A revision of the Indo-West Pacific species of palicid crabs (Brachyura Palicidae)), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 437-610
Résumé [+] [-]The taxonomy of the crabs belonging to the family Palicidae Bouvier, 1898 from the Indo-west Pacific region is revised. On the basis of extensive material collected by French expeditions in the Coral Sea and other regions of the Pacific and Indian oceans, as well as material from numerous museums, including most of the types, the present study recognizes two subfamilies, 10 genera, and 43 species. Of these taxa, four are new genera: Exopalicus, Miropalicus, Paliculus, and Rectopalicus. Manella is synonymized with Crossotonotus A. Milne Edwards, 1873. Parapleurophricoides Nobili, 1906, sometimes believed to be a palicid, is a xanthoid and it is removed from the Palicidae. Nine nominal species described by previous authors are synonymized and an additional 17 species are described.
Chia, Diana G. B., Ng, Peter K.L., 2000, A revision of Eumedonus H. Milne Edwards, 1834 and Gonatonotus White, 1847 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Eumedonidae), two genera of crabs symbiotic with sea urchins, Journal of Natural History, 34, 1, 15-56
doi: 10.1080/002229300299679 Résumé [+] [-]The eumedonid genera Eumedonus H. Milne Edwards, 1834 and Gonatonotus White, 1847, are revised. Members of both genera are obligate symbionts with sea urchins. Eumedonus is separated from Gonatonotus mainly by the presence or absence of crests on the merus of the ambulatory legs. Eumedonus , as here defined, contains five species, viz. E. niger H. Milne Edwards, 1834 ( type species), E. vicinus Rathbun, 1918, E. zebra Alcock, 1895, E. brevirhynchus n. sp., and E. intermedius n. sp. Gonatonotus, as here re-diagnosed, includes three species, viz. G. pentagonus White, 1847 ( type species), G. granulosus (MacGilchrist, 1905), n. comb. And G. nasutus n. sp.
Houart, Roland, 2000, Description of a new Pterynotus (Gastropoda: Muricidae: Muricinae) from the South-Eastern Atlantic, Venus, 59, 4, 293-296
Résumé [+] [-]Pterynotus (Pterynotus) fernandezi n. sp. is described from Sea Mount Vema, 600 km off Cape Town, South Africa. It is compared with P. phaneus (Dall, 1889) and P. havanensis Vokes, 1970 from the western Atlantic, P. atlantideus Bouchet & Waren, 1985 and P. (?P.) leucas (Fischer, 1897) from the eastern Atlantic, and P. fulgens Houart, 1988 from New Caledonia and South Africa.
Jones, Diana S., Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Cirripedia Thoracica: Chionelasmatoidea and Pachylasmatoidea (Balanimorpha) of New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Wallis and Futuna Islands, with a review of all currently assigned taxa, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 141-283
Résumé [+] [-]Balanomorph barnacles of the superfamilies Chionelasmatoidea and Pachylasmatoidea collected by various French deep-sea expeditions in the waters of New Caledonia, Vanuatu, and the Wallis and Futuna Islands are discussed. One sample from the Marianas Islands is also included. Of the 21 species reported herein, 18 are new to science, 2 are recognised as relictual, and 1 represents a northward range extension within the waters of the southwestern Pacific Ocean. In addition 4 new genera and 1 new subfamily are described. An exceptional diversity of species occurs in the subfamilies Pachylasmadnae and Hexelasmadnae of the family Pachylasmatidae. The number of new pachylasmatines described represents 46% of the known species and that of the new hexelasmatines 40%, indicating the richness of these waters. Of the 17 new species described from the waters of New Caledonia, Vanuatu, and the Wallis and Futuna Islands, 14 are considered presently to be endemic to the Vanuatu/New Caledonian region and the remaining 3 occur in a broader area which includes the Futuna and Wallis Islands region. The richest fauna occurs at the Loyalty Islands (15 species), the Norfolk Ridge (11 species) and New Caledonia (11 species). The occurrence of 2 relictual species, the chionelasmaune Chionelasmus darwini and the eolasmatineWaite/aima boucheti, in the waters of the New Caledonian region supports the hypothesis that the southwestern Pacific is a relictual area.
Vilvens, Claude, 2000, Description of a new species of Clanculus (Gastropoda: Trochidae) from New Caledonia, Novapex, 1, 3-4, 95-99
Résumé [+] [-]Clanculus richeri n.sp. is described and compared with similar Clanculus species from the New Caledonia area and from Australia.
- Crosnier A., 2001, Grapsidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) d’eau profonde du Pacifique sud-ouest, Zoosystema, 23, 4, 783-796
Dolin, Luc, Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Les Triviidae (Mollusca : Caenogastropoda) de l’Indo-Pacifique : Révision des genres Trivia, Dolichupis et Trivellona, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 201-241
Résumé [+] [-]The Indo-Pacific species of Trivia, Dolichupis and Trivellona are revised, based on the most abundant and comprehensive material ever brought together and reveals a previously unsuspected diversity of Triviinae in the upper bathyal zone (200-500 m) of the tropical West Pacific. The description of this fauna gives an opportunity to reevaluate the validity of numerous species- and genus-group taxa recognized earlier, both in the littoral and deep water zones. The present paper deals with Trivia Broderip, 1837, Decoriatrivia Cate, 1979, Dolichupis Iredale, 1930, and Trivellona Iredale, 1931. A forthcoming study will deal with Trivirostra Jousseaume, 1884, Cleotrivia Iredale, 1930, and Semitrivia Cossmann, 1903. By First Reviser action, Ellatrivia Iredale, 1931 is given precedence over Fossatrivia Iredale, 193 I . Decoriatrivia is treated as a subgenus of Trivia; Dolichupis is regarded as generically distinct from Pusula; the nominal genus Pseudotrivia is synonymized with Trivellona. Trivia (T.) cylindrica sp. novo from the Philippines, and Trivia (T.) vitrosphaera sp. nov., from New Caledonia, represent the first records of Trivia (T.) in the Indo-Pacific. Their deep-water occurrence contrasts with that of the six or so species from the littoral of the temperate and tropical eastern Atlantic. Dolichupis malvabasis sp. nov., a deep water species from the Philippines, is closely related to the type species and sole other representative of Dolichupis, D. producta (Gaskoin, 1836). Nine named and six new species are recognized in Trivellona: T. bulla sp. nov., T. conjonctiva sp. nov., T. oligopleura sp. nov., T. syzygia sp. novo and T. galea sp. nov., all from New Caledonia, and T. eglantina sp. novo from the Philippines. Trivia valerieae Hart, 1996 [= Erato tetatua Hart, 1996, syn. Nov.; First Reviser] is treated as a SW Pacific subspecies of T. paucicostata (Schepman, 1909); T. Shimajiriiensis McNeil, 1961, described from the Pliocene of Okinawa, is now recorded in the Recent fauna of the Philippines. Pusula niasensis Wissema, 1948 is a new synonym of Dolichupis producta (Gaskoin, 1836), Pseudotrivia sagamiensis KUI'oda & Habe, 1971 is a new synonym of T. sibogae (Schepman, 1909), and Fossatrivia suduirauti Lorenz, 1996 is a new synonym of T. speciosa (Kuroda & Cate, 1979). Three nominal species described by Cate (1979) supposedly from the Philippines are shown to be wrongly localized and synonyms of Atlantic taxa: Pseudotrivia samarensis is synonymized with Trivia (T.) arctica (Pulteney, 1799) from Europe, and Pseudotrivia dumaliensis and Niveria (Cleotrivia) aquatanica are both synonymized with Niveria (N) nix Schilder, 1922 from the Caribbean. Decoriatrivia halians Cate, 1979 and D. but'ius Cate, 1979 are both synonymized with Trivia (Decoriatrivia) pauci!irata Sowerby, 1870 from the Panamic Province.
- Galil, Bella S., 2001, A new genus and species of leucosiid crab (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) from the Indo-Pacific Ocean, Zoosystema, 23, 1, 65-75
Galil, Bella S., 2001, A revision of Myra Leach, 1817 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Leucosioidea), Zoologische Mededelingen, 75, 24, 409–446
Résumé [+] [-]A study of major collections led to a revision of the Indo-Pacific leucosioid genus Myra Leach, 1817. The systematic status and nomenclatural disposition of each species was assessed, and many were diagnosed based on examination of the type material. A new genus, Myrine, is established for M. acutidens (Ihle, 1918) and M. kesslerii (Paulson, 1875). The genus Myrodes Bell, 1855, is synonymized with Myra. Nine species are retained as valid: M. affinis Bell, 1855, M. australis Haswell, 1880, M. brevimana Alcock, 1896, M. elegans Bell, 1855, M. eudactyla (Bell, 1855), M. fugax (Fabricius, 1798), M. grandis Zarenkov, 1990, M. mammillaris Bell, 1855, and M. subgranulata Kossmann, 1877. Five new species are established: M. celeris, M. currax, M. curtimana, M. pernix and M. tumidospina. All species are described and illustrated, extended synonymies are given, and a key for their identification is provided.
Galil, Bella S., 2001, A revision of the genus Arcania Leach, 1817 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Leucosioidea), Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden), 75, 11, 169-206
Résumé [+] [-]A study of major collections led to a revision of the Indo-Pacific leucosioid genus Arcania Leach, 1817. Ixoides cornutus MacGilchrist, 1905 is recognized as belonging to the genus, and four new species are established: A. echinata, A. foliolata, A. muricata and A. fungilifera; in all, fifteen Arcania species are recognized. All species are described and illustrated, extended synonymies are given, and a key for their identification is provided.
Houart, Roland, Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Ingensia gen. nov. and eleven new species of Muricidae (Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 243-269
Résumé [+] [-]Maculotriton ingens Houart, 1987 is transfen'ed from Ergalataxinae to Ingensia gen. novo in Muricinae. Phyllocoma Tapparone Canefri, 1881 is tentatively assigned to Muricinae, and Pagodula Monterosato, 1884, a hitherto Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic monotypic genus, is here used to include several Indo-West Pacific, eastern, and western Atlantic species formerly assigned to Trophonopsis Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882 or to Trophon S. l. Additional records of previously described and I or recorded species of Pterynotus Swainson, 1833, Actinotrophon Dall, 1902, Leptotrophon Houart, 1995, and Pagodula Monterosato, 1884 from the New Caledonia region are noted. Eleven new species are described. Five are representatives of Muricinae: Pterynotus (Pterynotus) rubidus sp. nov., Dermomurex (Trialatella) triclotae sp. nov., and Ingensia brithys gen. novo and sp. nov., from New Caledonia, Phyllocoma platyca sp. novo from off Wallis Island, and Poirieria (Actinotrophon) tenuis sp. novo from Vanuatu and off Wallis; one is a muricopsine: Muricopsis (Murexsul) micra sp. novo from New Caledonia; four are trophonine: Leptotrophon alis sp. nov., L. chlidanos sp. nov., L. perclarus sp. nov., and Pagodula procera sp. nov., from New Caledonia; one is a rapanine: Thais (Mancinella) grossa sp. nov., from New Caledonia and Vanuatu.
Lamprell, Kevin L., Healy, John M., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Spondylidae (Bivalvia) from New Caledonian and adjacent waters, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 111-163
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty-two species of Spondylus (Spondylidae) including eight previously undescribed, are recorded from material collected off New Caledonia and adjacent waters. Most of the species live in shallow water in coral reef and lagoonal environments, but at least four species have their main distribution at depths around 200 m, with one species occurring at 700 m. Spondylus exiguus sp. novo is the smallest known species in the family, with a maximum size of 6.4 mm. Spondylus flabellum Reeve, 1856 is placed into the synonymy of S. anacanthus Mawe, 1823. Confusion surrounding usage of the names Spondylus anacanthus and S. sanguineus Dunker, 1852 is finally resolved. The name Spondylus anacanthus, which has previously been applied to S. occidens Sowerby, 1903, is shown to be a prior and validly proposed name for S. sanguineus. Despite being well figured by MAWE, the absence of any documented type material for Spondylus anacanthus necessitates the establishment of a neotype for this species. Lectotypes are designated for Spondylus albibarbatus, S. butleri, S. castus, S. flabellum, S. ocellatus, S. pacificus, S. plurispinosus, and S. rubicundus, all of Reeve, 1856. By First Reviser action, the name Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793 is given precedence over S. pseudochama Schreibers, 1793.
Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2001, Phylogenetic relationships of species of Raymunida (Decapoda: Galatheidae) based on morphology and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase sequences, with the recognition of four new species, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 21, 3, 696-714
doi: 10.1651/0278-0372(2001)021[0696:PROSOR]2.0.CO;2 Résumé [+] [-]The species of the genus Raymunida from the Pacific and Indian oceans are revised using morphological characters and the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I sequences. Four new species are described (R. confundens. R. dextralis, R. erythrina, and R. insulata), and the status of R. bellior and R. elegantissima are revised. The species of Raymunida can be identified by subtle morphological characters, which match differences in mitochondrial nucleotide sequences. Therefore. the sequence divergences confirm the specific and phylogenetic value of some morphological characters (e.g., length of the mesial spine on the basal antennal segment, length of the walking legs). Furthermore. they confirm the importance of the color pattern as a diagnostic character. The widespread species (R. elegantissima), known from the Philippines to Fiji, shows minimal divergence between specimens from different localities (maximum of 3 nucleotide differences or 0.2% mean divergence). The phylogenetic reconstruction agreed with the monophyletic condition of Raymunida and its differentiation with respect to the genus Munida (in which Raymunida species had previously been included) and Agononida.
Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, A replacement name for a New Caledonian Calliostoma species (Gastropoda: Trochidae), The Nautilus, 115, 1, 36-37
Résumé [+] [-]As a result ot procedural omission during preparation of a recent paper (Marshall, 1995), I overlooked the fact that a specific epithet chosen for a new Calliostoma species was already in use by Quinn (1992).
Sysoev, Alexander V., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, New and uncommon turriform gastropods (Gastropoda:Conoidea) from the South-West Pacific, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 271-320
Résumé [+] [-]Several hundred species of turriform gastropods (Drilliidae, Turridae, Conidae) have been collected at bathyal depths in New Caledonia and other South-West Pacific archipelagoes. Seventeen new species are here described in the genera Drillia (Drilliidae), Inquisitor, Funa, Zemacies, Comitas (Turridae), Benthofascis, Bathytomq Glyphostoma, Daphnella, Spergo, Gymnobela, Teretiopsis, and Rocroithys gen. Novo (Conidae). The genus Zemacies, until now known from Paleocene to Pliocene deposits in New Zealand and Australia, is recognized for the first time in the Recent fauna, and includes Z. excelsa sp. Novo from New Caledonia, and Z. queenslandica (Powell, 1969) comb. nov., from Queensland to Papua. Benthofascis lozoueti sp. Nov., from the Norfolk Ridge, is the second confirmed species of the genus. Bathytoma boholica Parth, 1994 is synonymized with B. atractoides (Watson, 1881), and the validity of B. hedlandensis Tippett & Kosuge, 1994 is questioned. The range of Spergo fusiformis (Kuroda & Habe, 1961), hitherto known only from Japan, is shown to extend to Madagascar and the South-West Pacific. Daphnella itonis, which has been known under that name in the Japanese literature for more than 40 years, is formally described for the first time, based on specimens from New Caledonia. The species has very long radular teeth and, like molluscivorous species of cones, appears to be feeding on gastropods.
Tort, Anthony, Laurin, Bernard, 2001, INTRA- AND INTERSPECIFIC VARIATION IN INTERNAL STRUCTURES OF THE GENUS STENOSARINA (BRACHIOPODA, TEREBRATULIDA) USING LANDMARKS, Journal of Paleontology, 75, 2, 261-273
doi: 10.1666/0022-3360(2001)075<0261:IAIVII>2.0.CO;2 Résumé [+] [-]Although a number of brachiopod genera have been defined mainly from their internal structures, the fixity of those structures has rarely been investigated. Variability of the rather simple loops of two New Caledonian species of the Recent genus Stenosarina (Terebratulida), one species having a variant with endemic morphology, provides insight into the relationship between the two species. Procrustes methods based on landmarks are used. Intra-population variability is found to be of the same order of magnitude as inter-population variability. Moreover, the morphological distance between the endemic variant and the other specimens is greater than the distance between the two species of Stenosarina. The study also identifies a morphocline between the three forms of Stenosarina under study.
Bouchet, Philippe, Petit, Richard E., 2002, New species of deep-water Cancellariidae (Gastropoda) from the southwestern Pacific, The Nautilus, 116, 3, 95-104
Résumé [+] [-]One new genus and nine new species of Cancellariidae are described from New Caledonia from depths between 200 and 600 meters. They are: Africotriton adelphum new species, Mirandaphera new genus, Mirandaphera cayrei new species, Mirandaphera maestratii new species, Merica marisca new species, Sveltia rocroii new species, Sveltia splendidula new species, Nipponaphera pardalis new species, Nipponaphera cyphoma new species, and Nipponaphera goniata new species. Africotriton adelphum new species is the first species in that genus known from outside South Africa and Australia. The new genus Mirandaphera is characterized by its broad, non-umbilicate shell with very large crenulated axial ribs, and axial columella. The genus is composed of the new species described herein, Mirandaphera maestratii new species and M. cayrei new species, and two other species: M. tosaensis (Habe, 1961) new combination and M. arafurensis (Verhecken, 1997) new combination, from deep water off Japan and the Arafura Sea respectively. Trigonaphera teramachii Habe, 1961 and Agatrix. nodosivaricosa Petuch, 1979 are transferred to Nipponaphera. New species of Merica, Sveltia, and Nipponaphera are the deepest dwelling known representatives in their respective genera.
Boyko, Christopher B., 2002, A WORLDWIDE REVISION OF THE RECENT AND FOSSIL SAND CRABS OF THE ALBUNEIDAE STIMPSON AND BLEPHARIPODIDAE, NEW FAMILY (CRUSTACEA: DECAPODA: ANOMURA: HIPPOIDEA), Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 272, 1-396
doi: 10.1206/0003-0090(2002)272<0001:AWROTR>2.0.CO;2 Résumé [+] [-]The anomuran sand crab family Albuneidae sensu stricto was previously known worldwide from 41 validly described Recent species in eight genera and four fossil taxa of the genus Albunea. A worldwide revision is presented based on a comprehensive survey of the literature and examination of more than 1700 specimens representing all known species. The state of taxonomic knowledge regarding the Albuneidae is summarized; the family is divided into two new subfamilies; two new genera and six new species of albuneids are described; and new information on species’ ranges and biology is presented. Additionally, the genera Blepharipoda Randall and Lophomastix Benedict are removed from the Albuneidae and placed in a new family, based in part on characters of the gill formula and morphology. This new family contains six Recent species and one fossil taxon. Although there is some doubt about its hippoid affinities, it is retained in the Hippoidea as the most basal taxon, pending further cladistic phylogenetic analyses. Here and there are people with eyes which can see, minds which can correlate. They say to themselves: ‘‘If the science of the day before yesterday is rejected by the people of yesterday, and that of yesterday by us of today, is it not possible that what we call science now will be rejected by the men of tomorrow?’’ And the bravest of them answer, ‘‘It is possible.’’ Wassily Kandinsky, 1911, Concerning the Spiritual in Art
Crosnier, Alain, 2002, Révision du genre Parathranites Miers, 1886 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Portunidae), Zoosystema, 24, 4, 799-825
Résumé [+] [-]Based on rather abundant material from the Indo-West Pacific, the number of species in the genus Parathranites Miers, 1886 is elevated from two to eight. The six new species are P. granosus n. sp., P. tuberosus n. sp., P. tuberogranosus n. sp., P. ponens n. sp., P. intermedius n. sp. and P. parahexagonum n. sp. Examination of the type series of the type species for the genus, P. orientalis Miers, 1886, shows that it contains two species; a lectotype is designated for P. orientalis. The main morphological characters used for differentiating the species are the breadth/length ratio of the carapace (correlated with the length of the fifth anterolateral teeth of the carapace) which can vary from 1.3 to 2.1, the presence or absence of a median tubercle on the posterior part of the cardiac area, the granulation of the carapace and the shape of the first male pleopods. An identification key for members of this genus is proposed.
Holthuis, Lipke Bydeley, 2002, The Indo-Pacific scyllarine lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae), Zoosystema, 24, 3, 499-683
Résumé [+] [-]A revision is provided of the Indo-Pacific species of the subfamily Scyllarinae. All of these species were formerly placed in the genus Scyllarus Fabricius, 1775, but a closer study revealed that several genera could be distinguished within the subfamily. The 13 new genera now recognized in the Indo-Pacific biogeographic region are as follows: Acantharctus n. gen., Antarctus n. gen., Antipodarctus n. gen., Bathyarctus n. gen., Biarctus n. gen., Chelarctus n. gen., Crenarctus n. gen., Eduarctus n. gen., Galearctus n. gen., Gibbularctus n. gen., Petrarctus n. gen., Remiarctus n. gen. and Scammarctus n. gen. Diagnoses and keys are provided for all the genera and their species. New and insufficiently known species have been described extensively, for the others additional morphological details are given. New species are: Bathyarctus chani n. gen., n. sp., B. steatopygus n. gen., n. sp., Petrarctus veliger n. gen., n. sp., Chelarctus crosnieri n. gen., n. sp., Eduarctus pyrrhonotus n. gen., n. sp., E. marginatus n. gen., n. sp., E. perspicillatus n. gen., n. sp. and E. reticulatus n. gen., n. sp. Furthermore efforts were made to provide each species with a complete synonymy, a description of the colour, its biology, habitat and geographical distribution. All the material examined is listed in detail. Where appropriate, remarks are provided on nomenclature, published data on the larval development and other topics.
Lamprell, Kevin L., Healy, John M., 2002, A review of the Indo-Pacific Lioconcha Morch (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Veneridae), including a description of four new species from Queensland, New Caledonia and the Philippine Islands., Molluscan Research, 22, 2, 101-147
Résumé [+] [-]The Indo-West Pacific venerid genus Lioconcha is reviewed, with special emphasis on species occurring in the Australian and New Caledonian regions. Nineteen species, including four new species, are recognised: Lioconcha castrensis (Linnaeus, 1758), L. macaulayi n. sp., L. hieroglyphica (Conrad, 1837), L. tigrina (Lamarck, 1818), L. fastigiata (Sowerby, 1851), L. annettae Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990, L. pseudofastigiata n. sp., L. ornata (Dillwyn, 1817), L. berthaulti n. sp., L. sowerbyi (Deshayes, 1853), L. polita (Röding, 1798), L. schioettei n. sp., L. trimaculata (Lamarck, 1818), L. philippinarum (Hanley, 1844), L. dautzenbergi (Prashad, 1932), L. melharteae Lamprell & Stanisic, 1996, L. caledonensis Harte & Lamprell, 1999, L. richerdeforgesi Lamprell & Stanisic, 1996 and L. gordoni (E. A. Smith, 1885). Colour variation within species ranges from very high (L. ornata, L. castrensis) to very low (L. melharteae, L. caledonensis, L. philippinarum). All species are figured, diagnosed and discussed and a key is presented. Types of the following taxa are also figured: neotype of Venus ornata Dillwyn, 1817; holotypes of Lioconcha berthaulti n. sp.; L. macaulayi n. sp.; L. pseudofastigiata n. sp.; L. schioettei n. sp.; L. annettae Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990; Cytherea tigrina Lamarck, 1818; Hysteroconcha (?Lamelliconcha) dautzenbergi Prashad, 1932 and Cytherea sulcatina Lamarck, 1818; lectotypes of Cytherea hebraea Sowerby, 1851 and Circe sowerbyi Deshayes, 1853. Lectotypes of Cytherea hieroglyphica Conrad and C. fastigiata Sowerby are based on original figures, in the absence of other undoubted type material. Subdivision of Lioconcha into two subgenera (Lioconcha sensu stricto and Sulcilioconcha), based solely on the presence or absence of concentric ridge sculpture, appears unwarranted.
Lorenz, Felix, 2002, New worldwide Cowries. Descriptions of new taxa and revisions of selected groups of living Cypraeidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), 19, 292
Résumé [+] [-]This book describes taxa of cowries, some of which are new to science; others have to date been known only by taxonomically invalid forma-names: valid species: aenigma, colligata, deforgesi. New species by revision and promoting of rank: valid species: aenigma, colligata, deforgesi. New species by revision and lifting of rank: boucheti, gilvella, johnsonorum. New subspecies: caurica samoensis, citrina dauphinensis, coronata debruini, decipiens suprasinum, exmouthensis abrolhoensis, e. magnifica, jeaniana thalamega, katsuae guidoi, maculifera martybealsi, m. scindata, mappa admirabilis, teramachii polyphemus, langfordi cavatoensis, stolida brianoi, subteres violacincta, teres janae, and new subspecies by taxonomic validation: bregeriana pervelata, cinerea brasilensis, connelli peelae, cribraria australiensis, exmouthensis rottnestensis, fimbriata marquesana, fuscodentata grohorum, f sphaerica, mappa aliwalensis, pellucens panamensis, porteri nigromaculata, rosselli latistoma, r. satiata, scurra mundula, teramachii neocaledonica. Taxonomically valid names of other authors are elevated to species rank: exmouthensis, geographica, pellucens, and in some cases, to subspecies rank: cribraria zadela, fuscorubra gondwanalandensis, teres alveolus. Some genera and species-complexes are discussed in detail: the Leporicypraea mappacomplex, some species of the deep-water genus Nesiocypraea, the Western Australian members of Cribrarula, the genus Cypraeovula and its zoogeography, Erronea caurica and its subspecies, and the Blasicrura (Talostolida) teres species-complex. The distributions of all new taxa and related species-complexes are shown. In an illustrated checklist, all species, subspecies and commonly used forma-names of the living Cypraeidae are listed, including the new species and subspecies described herein.
- Boyer F., 2003, Les genres Granulina et Dentimargo (Gastropoda : Marginellidae) dans le domaine côtier de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, Novapex, 4, 4, 79-92
- Boyer F., 2003, The Cystiscidae (Caenogastropoda) from upper reef formations of New Caledonia., Iberus, 21, 1, 241-272
- Castro, Peter, Williams, Austin B., Cooper, Lara L., 2003, Revision of the family Latreilliidae Stimpson, 1858 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Zoosystema, 25, 4, 601-634
- Crosnier A., 2003, A new genus and species of portunid crab (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from New Caledonia, South-West Pacific, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 51, 2, 315-321
Crosnier A., 2003, Sicyonia (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeoidea, Sicyoniidae) de l’Indo-ouest Pacifique, Zoosystema, 25, 2, 197-348
Résumé [+] [-]This work deals with 31 species of Sicyonia H. Milne Edwards, 1830, based on the collections made by the IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, and on the collections of 28 other museums. Nineteen species are considered valid: S. australiensis Hanamura Wadley, 1998; S. benthophila de Man, 1907; S. bispinosa de Haan, 1850; S. curvirostris Balss, 1913; S. fallax de Man, 1907; S. furcata Miers, 1878; S. inflexa (Kubo, 1949); S. japonica Balss, 1914; S. laevis Bate, 1881; S. lancifer (Olivier, 1811); S. longicauda Rathbun, 1906; S. nasica Burukovsky, 1990; S. ocellata Stimpson, 1860; S. parafallax Crosnier, 1995; S. parvula de Haan, 1850; S. rectirostris de Man, 1907; S. trispinosa de Man, 1907; S. truncata (Kubo, 1949) and S. vitulans (Kubo, 1949). Four species are considered to be synonyms: S. cristata (de Haan, 1844) = S. lancifer; S. formosa (Chan & Yu, 1985) = S. furcata; S. ommanneyi Hall, 1961 = S. ocellata; S. nebulosa Kubo, 1949 = S. laevis. Twelve species are described as new: S. abathophila n. sp., S. adunca n. sp., S. altirostrum n. sp., S. dejouanneti n. sp., S. komai n. sp., S. longicornis n. sp., S. metavitulans n. sp., S. parajaponica n. sp., S. robusta n. sp., S. rocroi n. sp., S. rotunda n. sp. and S. taiwanesis n. sp. Some forms, near S. australiensis and S. dejouanneti n. sp., are mentioned but not named because the material available is insufficient. An attempt is made to classify the Indo-West Pacific species of Sicyonia into eight groups. Some groups are coherent, while others are certainly artificial. Some species cannot be placed in any of the groups and the placement of several species known from one sex only remains hazardous. An identification key is presented. Particular care was taken in illustrating the genitalia, which provide the most important characters for recognizing the species. Colour photographs show the coloration of living specimens of 17 species. Depth zones and geographic distributions of all the species are presented in tabular form. As with previous studies, high species diversity of the Philippines-Indonesia fauna is evident, as well as the reduction of the number of species when one moves away from the area, except for New Caledonian area because of the unusually high h density of the samples collected in this area.
- De Leon-Gonzalez, Jesus Angel, Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I., 2003, Four new nereidid species (Annelida, Polychaeta) collected during the MUSORSTOM cruises in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, Zoosystema, 25, 3, 365-375
Fraussen, Koen, Hadorn, Roland, 2003, Six new Buccinidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Novapex, 4, 2-3, 33-50
Résumé [+] [-]Serratifusus Darragh, 1969 comprises five Récent species, ail from New Caledonia, of which three are described as new: Serratifusus excelens sp. Nov., S. harasewychi sp. Nov. And 5. sitanius sp. Nov. Formerly known from New Caledonia by only one species, the genus Euthria M. E. Gray, 1850 is enriched with three new species: Euthria cumulata sp. Nov., E. scepta sp. Nov. And E. solifer sp. Nov. "Siphonofusus" vicdani Kosuge, 1992, a species with uncertain generic placement, and previously only known from the Philippine Islands and Australia, is now recorded from off New Caledonia.
Galil, Bella S., 2003, Contribution to the knowledge of Leucosiidae I. The identity of Leucosia craniolaris (Linnaeus, 1758), and redefinition of the genus Leucosia Weber, 1795 (Crustacea: Brachyura), Zoologische Mededelingen, 77, 8, 181–191
Résumé [+] [-]A study of the genus Leucosia Weber, 1795, led to the establishment of the identity of the type species, L. craniolaris (Linnaeus, 1758), designation of a neotype and redefinition of the genus. Leucosia is now restricted to 4 species: the type species L. craniolaris (Linnaeus, 1758), L. punctata Bell, 1855, L. moresbiensis Haswell, 1880, and a new species, L. rubripalma. They differ from all other species heretofore assigned to the genus in having first male pleopod with a screw-like tightly coiled shaft, terminating in a setose muff. The species are described or redescribed and illustrated, extended synonymies are given, and a key for their identification is provided.
Garcia, Emilio F., 2003, New records of Indo-Pacific Epitoniidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) with the description of nineteen new species, Novapex, Hors-série n° 1, 1-22
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty Indo-Pacific species of Epitoniidae are recorded, with range extensions for Acrilloscala xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903), Amaea gazeoides Kuroda & Habe, 1950, Cirsotrema rugosum (Kuroda & Ito, 1961), Cirsotrema plexis Dall, 1925, Claviscala solar Nakayama, 1995, Cylindriscala humerosa (Schepman, 1909), and Epitonium (Parviscala) bevdeynzerae Garcia, 2001. Nineteen new species are described. These include five species in the genus Amaea: A. apexroseus, A. boucheti, A. diluta, A. elegantula, A lennyi; one species in the genus Boreoscala: Boreoscala ponderosa; three species in the genus Cirsotrema : C (C.) excelsum, C. (Dannevigena) richeri, C. (Discoscala) herosae; two species in the genus Claviscala: C pellisanserina, C. vivienneae; one species in the genus Cylindriscala: Cylindriscala paradoxa; one species in the genus Gregorioiscala: Gregorioiscala nevillei; one species in the genus Gyroscala: Gyroscala Mikeleei; four species in the genus Epitonium: E. (Hirtoscala) deschampsi, E. (Lamelliscala) l11aestratii, E. (Parviscala) kastoroae, and E. (P) juanitae; one species in the genus Periapta: Periapta weili.
- Guinot, Danièle, Tavares, Marcos, 2003, A new subfamilial arrangement for the Dromiidae de Haan, 1833, with diagnoses and descriptions of new genera and species (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Zoosystema, 25, 1, 43-129
- Le Renard, Jacques, Bouchet, Philippe, 2003, New species and genera of the family Pickworthiidae (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda), Zoosystema, 25, 4, 569-591
Merle, Didier, Houart, Roland, 2003, Ontogenetic changes of the spiral cords as keys innovation of the muricid sculptural patterns: the example of the Muricopsis–Murexsul lineages (Gastropoda: Muricidae: Muricopsinae), Comptes Rendus Palevol, 2, 6-7, 547-561
doi: 10.1016/j.crpv.2003.09.018 Résumé [+] [-]The primary cords of 68 species belonging to the Muricopsis/Murexsul lineages (Priabonian to Recent) are analysed. The study of their development allows distinguishing three derived sculptural patterns in Muricopsis and three in the Murexsul group. They appear late in the evolutionary history of the studied lineages, mainly in tropical waters. They are produced by heterochronies affecting precise cords by paedomorphosis, whereas others poorly evolved or may be hypermorphic. These results suggest that the phase of sculptural increase yielding the primitive pattern is followed by a selective phase, preserving or increasing the relief of the probable most functional cords.
- Simone, Luiz Ricardo L., 2003, Revision of the genus Benthobia (Caenogastropoda, Pseudolividae), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 69, 243-262
- Tan, S. H., Ng, Peter K.L., 2003, The Parthenopinae of Guam (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Parthenopidae), Micronesica, 35-36, 385-416
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., 2004, New Caledonia: The major centre of biodiversity for volutomitrid molluscs (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Volutomitridae), Systematics and Biodiversity, 1, 4, 467-502
doi: 10.1017/S1477200003001282 Résumé [+] [-]Recent deep-sea explorations in the South Pacific have documented around New Caledonia the most diverse fauna of gastropods of the family Volutomitridae anywhere in the world. Fourteen species (nine new, two remaining unnamed) are recorded, all essentially confined to the 250–750 m depth range. The high number of species in the New Caledonia region does not appear to be an effect of sampling intensity, but appears to result from four factors: regional spatial heterogeneity, frequency of hard substrates, syntopy, and a historical heritage shared with Australia and New Zealand, which until now ranked as the major centre of volutomitrid diversity. In the New Caledonia region, volutomitrids show a marked preference for hard bottoms and up to three species may cooccur in the same dredge haul. Many species appear to have extremely narrow geographical distributions within the region (e.g. a single seamount or a single submerged plateau); conversely, Microvoluta joloensis, the only non-endemic volutomitrid present in New Caledonia, ranges from the Mozambique Channel to Tonga.
Chan, Tin‐Yam, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, The ‘‘Plesionika rostricrescentis (Bate, 1888)’’ and ‘‘P. lophotes Chace, 1985’’ species groups of Plesionika Bate, 1888, with descriptions of five new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pandalidae), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 293-318
Résumé [+] [-]Before the present study, Plesionika rostricrescentis (Bate, 1888) and P. lophotes Chace, 1985 were the two Plesionika species unique in having a high basal rostral crest. A recently described species, P. erythrocyclus Chan & Crosnier, 1997 has a low basal rostral crest but is evidently related to P. rostricrescentis. Close examination of the abundant material collected during the MUSORSTOM expeditions and from Taiwan revealed that there are at least eight species in this ‘‘P. rostricrescentis-P. lophotes’’ species complex. These taxa are morphologically very similar but can be distinguished by their very distinctive colorations, which are often striking and consist of large circular spots. In the ‘‘P. rostricrescentis’’ group, which has the dorsal margin of the rostrum unarmed between the anteriormost tooth of the basal rostral crest and the subapical teeth, five species are recognized. Plesionika rostricrescentis is still known only by the holotype from the Kai Islands. Two new species, P. hsuehyui and P. suffusa, closely similar to P. rostricrescentis, are described. Plesionika hsuehyui is widely distributed from Taiwan to Fiji, while P. suffusa has only been found off New Caledonia. Plesionika erythrocyclus, previously known only from Taiwan and French Polynesia, occurs widely in the southern Pacific. Another new species, P. bimaculata, which closely resembles P. erythrocyclus, is distributed off New Caledonia and in adjacent areas. Three species are recognized in the ‘‘P. lophotes’’ group, which bear dorsal rostral teeth between the basal rostral crest and subapical teeth. Plesionika lophotes is restricted to the area between Japan and northwestern Australia. Two further closely similar new species, P. rufomaculata and P. scopifera are described, the former widely distributed from Okinawa to Futuna Island, the latter only off New Caledonia and Tonga. Although coloration is very important in distinguishing these species, species with similar color patterns do not necessarily belong to the same species group. Morphologically, these species are mainly separated by the height of the basal rostral crest, the number of rostral teeth, and the length of the stylocerite and the dactyli of the posterior three pereiopods. However, there is sexual dimorphism in the development of the basal rostral crest in these species, sometimes making positive identification of males and young specimens difficult.
Machordom, Annie, Macpherson, Enrique, 2004, Rapid radiation and cryptic speciation in squat lobsters of the genus Munida (Crustacea, Decapoda) and related genera in the South West Pacific: molecular and morphological evidence, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 33, 2, 259-279
- Macpherson, Enrique, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, Species of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 and related genera from Fiji and Tonga (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 231-292
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, A review of the hermit crab genus Nematopagurus A. Milne-Edwards and Bouvier, 1892 and the descriptions of five new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguridae), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 151-229
Résumé [+] [-]The hermit crab genus Nematopagurus, erected by A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier (1892) for a single Atlantic species, has vastly larger reported representation in the Indo-Pacific region. However, the majority of species have been described on the basis of one or only a few specimens. The Musorstom expeditions to the south central Pacific and Philippine Islands, supplemented by the surveys of the United States Fish Commission steamer Albatross in Hawaiian, Philippine and Japanese waters, have provided not only a substantial amount of new material, but sufficient representation of most described species to permit the evaluation of intraspecific morphological variation. As a result, although five new species have been recognized, three recently described species have proven to be junior synonyms of previously known, but poorly represented, species. Nematopagurus holthuisi McLaughlin & Hogarth and N. pilosus Komai are synonymous with N. gardineri Alcock, while N. shinnyoae Komai is synonymous with N. kosiensis McLaughlin. The range of N. diadema Lewinsohn, reported previously from the Red Sea, the eastern coast of South Africa, and the South China Sea, has been extended to Fiji, while that of N. meiringae McLaughlin, known from eastern South Africa and the South and East China Seas, has been extended to the Philippine Islands. Nematopagurus kosiensis McLaughlin, previously known only from eastern South Africa has been found not only in Japanese waters, but also as far east as the Hawaiian Islands. Species identified by several authors as N. squamichelis Alcock and N. muricatus (Henderson) have been reexamined and correctly reassigned to other taxa. Descriptions and illustrations are presented for all species, together with a key for their recognition.
McLay, Colin L., Ng, Peter K.L., 2004, A taxonomic revision of the genus Paradynomene Sakai, 1963 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Dynomenidae), Zootaxa, 657, 1-24
Résumé [+] [-]The Indo-West Pacific dynomenid genus Paradynomene Sakai, 1963, previously regarded as monotypic, is revised and six species are now recognized, viz. P. tuberculata Sakai, 1963, P. quasimodo n. sp., P. demon n. sp., P. diablo n. sp., P. teufel n. sp. and P. rotunda n. sp.. Most of the species are from deep to relatively deep waters with only one species (P. rotunda) known from shallow water. The species are distinguished by a combination of carapace features, notably carapace shape and height, form of the areolae, and position of major tubercles.
Mihara, Eiji, Amaoka, Kunio, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, Pleuronectiform fishes from New Caledonian waters. Five species of the samarid genera Plagiopsetta and Samaris (Samaridae), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 611-635
Résumé [+] [-]Five species of the samarid genera Plagiopsetta and Samaris: P. stigmosa n. sp., P. gracilis n. sp., S. cristatus Gray, 1831, S. spinea n. sp. and S. chesterfieldensis n. sp., collected from New Caledonia and adjacent waters are described and keys to the species provided. Plagiopsetta stigmosa is easily separable from its congeners by having lateral lines on both sides and the pectoral fin with a jet-black blotch. Plagiopsetta gracilis is characterized by a uniformly dark pectoral fin, shallow body and caudal peduncle, a short ocular side pelvic fin, and large numbers of dorsal fin rays, anal fin rays, scales in the lateral line and vertebrae. Samaris spinea and S. chesterfieldensis are both characterized by caudal peduncle spines and bifurcated middle caudal fin rays, and are also separable by body depth.
Steiner, Gerhard, Kabat, Alan R., 2004, Catalog of species-group names of Recent and fossil Scaphopoda (Mollusca)., Zoosystema, 26, 4, 549-726
Résumé [+] [-]This catalog lists names of Recent and fossil species-group taxa of the molluscan class Scaphopoda. Of a total of 1965 entries, 517 are attributed to valid Recent taxa, 816 to valid fossil taxa, 543 are invalid names, and 89 were subsequently excluded from the Scaphopoda. The authorship and complete bibliographic references are provided for each name. The original and current generic allocation, type locality, and type material depositories, as far as available, are provided. Synonyms, geographic distributions, and bathymetric ranges are provided for Recent taxa. Cross references to junior synonyms are based upon published opinions. Eight species taxa are newly synonymized herein: Dentalium tessellatum is a junior synonym of Entalinopsis habutae; Dentalium caudani is a junior synonym of Fissidentalium candidum; F. ergasticum, F. milneedwardsi, and F. scamnatum are junior synonyms of F. capillosum; F. exuberans is a junior synonym of F. paucicostatum; and Cadulus halius is a junior synonym of C. podagrinus. Three subspecific taxa are synonymized with the respective nominate species: Antalis cerata tenax, Polyschides rushii arne, and Gadila agassizii hatterasensis. Further, eight new generic combinations are proposed: Paradentalium americanum n. comb., Coccodentalium cancellatum n. comb., Fissidentalium peruvianum n. comb., Pulsellum teres n. comb., Polyschides poculum n. comb., Polyschides foweyensis n. comb., Polyschides portoricensis n. comb., and Polyschides nitidus n. comb. Thirteen junior homonyms are renamed and listed in the appendix 1.
Asakura, Akira, 2005, A review of the genus Micropagurus (Crustacea Decapoda Anomura Paguridae), Zootaxa, 1090, 1-34
Résumé [+] [-]Species of the hermit crab genus Micropagurus are reviewed. Micropagurus polynesiensis is redescribed on the basis of the syntypes and specimens recently collected from various localities in the Indo-West Pacific. Micropagurus vexatus has proved to be a junior synonym of M. polynesiensis. Two new species, M. propinquus n. sp. from the Ogasawara Islands, Japan, and M. spinimanus n. sp. from various localities in Indo-West Pacific are described. Short diagnoses are provided for M. devaneyi and M. acantholepis. A key to males of the species is presented.
Galil, Bella S., 2005, Contributions to the knowledge of Leucosiidae III. Urnalana gen. nov. (Crustacea: Brachyura), Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden, 79, 2, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Urnalana, is established for Leucosia species with an urn-shaped carapace: L. angulata Rathbun, 1911, L. chevretii Haswell, 1880, L. cumingii Bell, 1855, L. elata A. Milne Edwards, 1874, L. elatoides Bouvier, 1915, L. hilaris Nobili, 1905, L. haematostica Adams & White, 1849, L. insularis Takeda & Kurata, 1976, L. margaritata A. Milne Edwards, 1874, L. pulchella Bell, 1855, L. purarensis Ovaere, 1987, L. thysanotus George & Clark, 1976, L. ivhitei Bell, 1855, and three new species: U. elatula, U. granulimera, and U. parahaematostica. The species are described or redescribed and illustrated, extended synonymies are given, and a key for their identification is provided.
Mah, Christopher, 2005, A phylogeny of Iconaster and Glyphodiscus (Echinodermata, Asteroidea, Valvatida, Goniasteridae) with descriptions of four new species, Zoosystema, 27, 1, 137-161
Résumé [+] [-]A phylogenetic analysis of 11 taxa and 31 characters resulted in a single most parsimonious tree that supports monophyly of the goniasterid genera Iconaster and Glyphodiscus. Four new species, Glyphodiscus magnificus n. sp., Glyphodiscus pentagonalis n. sp., Iconaster uchelbeluuensis n. sp., and Iconaster vanuatuensis n. sp., are described and two species are synonymized. At least three species within the genus Iconaster appear to have invaded shallower water from a deeper-water ancestry. Glassy tubercles, similar to those interpreted as photoreceptors in ophiuroids and other goniasterids, are present in the shallow-water Iconaster clade. Glassy tubercles are largely absent in the deeper-water sister and outgroup taxa, suggesting their occurrence is related to photic zone or shallow-water occupation. Biogeographic patterns as presently known suggest that diversification in Iconaster and Glyphodiscus has been restricted to the central and south Pacific regions.
- Peter Castro, 2005, Crabs of the subfamily Ethusinae Guinot, 1977 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Dorippidae) of the Indo-West Pacific region, Zoosystema, 27, 3, 499-600
Vilvens, Claude, 2005, New records and new species of Calliostoma and Bathyfautor (Gastropoda: Calliostomatidae) from the Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga, Novapex, 6, 1-2, 1-17
Résumé [+] [-]New records of Calliostoma and Bathyfautor from Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga are listed. Calliostoma (Fautor) strobilos n. sp., C. (F.) chlorum n. sp., C. (F.) metabolicum n. sp., C. (Ampullotrochus) xylocinnamomum n. sp. and C. (Benthastelena) arx n. sp. are described and compared with several similar Calliostoma species from the Indo-Pacific of which most are illustrated.
Vilvens, Claude, Héros, Virginie, 2005, New species and new records of Danilia (Gastropoda: Chilodontidae) from the western Pacific., Novapex, 6, 3, 53-64
Résumé [+] [-]New records of Danilia species from the West-Pacific are listed. Danilia angulosa n. sp., D. galeata n. sp. and D; discordata n. sp. are described and compared with similar Danilia species. A key to wetern Pacific Danilia species, including the new species, is proposed. the recent worldwide species of Danilia, the number of which reach now therefore 11, are listed with their main distinctive features in an appendix.
Chino, Mitsuo, 2006, A new species of Daphnella (Gastropoda: Conidae) from South-Western Japan and the Western Pacific, Novapex, 7, 1, 17-20
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of a turrid gastropod is described and compared with similar species. The new species has been collected in Japan from Okinawa Prefecture and from Wakayama Prefecture, central Honshu. It has also been taken off Aliguay Island in Northern Mindanao Province, Philippine Islands, and from several localities in the Western Pacific. The nes species has a brown maculate pattern with numerous dark brown spots, a brownfish purple siphonal process and a rather deep, with anal sinus.
Crosnier, Alain, 2006, Penaeopsis Bate, 1881 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) récoltées dans le Pacifique sud-ouest par les campagnes françaises depuis 1976. Description d'une espèce nouvelle, Zoosystema, 28, 2, 331-340
Résumé [+] [-]Penaeopsis (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) collected in the south-west Pacific by French expeditions since 1976. Description of a new species. This work is based on collections made in the south-west Pacific by IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. It deals with four species of Penaeopsis Bate, 188 1: P challengeri de Man, 1911, P eduardoi Perez Farfante, 1977, P rectacuta (Bate, 188 1), and a new species, P mclaughlinae n. sp. Depth zones and geographic distributions of the three known species are revised, especially those of P challengeri. Penaeopsis mclaughlinae n. sp. is closely related to P eduardoi but it is easily distinguished by the more sinuous shape of the distal part of the ventrolateral lobules of the petasma, and the large rounded protuberance on the median plate of the thelycum.
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Justine, Jean-Lou, 2006, Two new Paguridae (Crustacea, Decapoda) from New Caledonia and environs, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 24, 193, 335-347
Résumé [+] [-]A new species in each of two recently proposed genera are described and illustrated: Alainopaguroides megalophthalmus n. sp., Icelopagurus undulatus n. sp. The new species assignable to Alainopaguroides McLaughlin expands the range of this genus from the Kai and Tanimbar Islands of Indonesia and the Andaman Sea to New Caledonia. Similarly, the discovery of a new and readily recognizable species belonging to the heretofore monotypic Icelopagurus McLaughlin extends the distribution of this genus from Indonesia to New Caledonia. The diagnoses of both genera have been emended slightly to accommodate the interspecific variation exhibited by the taxa now included.
McLay, Colin L., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Justine, Jean-Lou, 2006, Retroplumidae (Crustacea, Decapoda) from the Indo-Malayan archipelago (Indonesia, Philippine) and the Melanesian arc islands (Solomon Islands, Fiji and New Caledonia), and paleogeographical comments, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 24, 193, 375-391
Résumé [+] [-]Seven species of retroplumid crabs are recorded from Indonesia, Philippine Islands, Solomon Islands, Fiji Islands and New Caledonia. These include Retropluma denticulata (Solomon Islands), R. notopus (Fiji), R. plumosa (Fiji), R. quadrata (Philippine Islands), R. serenei (Fiji Islands and New Caledonia), R. laurentae n. sp. (Indonesia, Philippine Islands, Solomon Islands and New Caledonia), and Bathypluma forficula (Solomon Islands and New Caledonia). The new material considerably extends the distribution of retroplumid crabs eastwards in the Pacific and also extends the depth range of several species. There are now ten extant species of retroplumids known in two genera: Bathypluma de Saint Laurent, 1989 and Retropluma Gill, 1894. Although larval development is unknown, their small egg size suggests that retroplumids have indirect development. Three fossil genera, containing eight species, are recognized: Costacopluma Collins & Morris, 1975, Retrocypoda Via Boada, 1957 and Loerenthopluma Beschin et al. 1996. Some of the fossils placed in the Retroplumidae probably belong to the Palicidae Bouvier, 1898. An analysis of recently discovered fossil retroplumids shows that this family first appeared in the Proto-Atlantic Ocean during the Late Cretaceous, but became extinct in the Atlantic by the Pliocene. The family is now only found in Indo-West Pacific seas.
Poutiers, Jean-Maurice, 2006, Two new species of protocardiine cockles (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Cardiidae) from the tropical Southwest Pacific, Zoosystema, 28, 3, 635-654
Résumé [+] [-]The two new species described in this paper are widely distributed in the tropical south-western Pacific; they have been found on the upper continental shelf of the area, around New Caledonia, westward to Chesterfield Islands and Lord Howe Ridge, southward to northern part of Norfolk Ridge, north- and eastward to Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga islands. They belong to two often confused genera of subfamily Protocardiinae (sensu Keen 1980), Frigidocardium Habe, 1951 and Microcardium Th iele, 1934, that are briefly characterized herein. Frigidocardium valdentatum n. sp. is characterized by the peculiar sculpture of mid-posterior slope ending in strongly dentate margin. Frigidocardium kirana is a similar species with lower outer sculpture, more asymmetrical shape and rather strong umbonoventral fold; it is first recorded here from the tropical Southwest Pacific and Mascarene islands. Diagnostic features of Microcardium trapezoidale n. sp. include rather high trapezoidal shape and posterior sculptural area extending on 2/5 of shell length, with an anterior limit almost parallel to radial ribs in the adult and well-developed, non lamellous sculpture in the rib interstices. A comparative review of all Recent Microcardium species in the Indo-West Pacific is given, to place the new species in the context of the genus. Five Microcardium species are presently known in this area: M. gilchristi from southern Africa, M. simillimum n. comb. (for Cardium (Fragum) simillimum) from Sri Lanka and Mascarene Plateau, M. sakuraii from Japan and the Philippines (new record), M. aequiliratum from the Philippines, and M. tenuilamellosum from the Philippines and Solomon Islands (new record).
Snyder, Martin Avery, Bouchet, Philippe, 2006, New species and new records of deep-water Fusolatirus (Neogastropoda: Fasciolariidae) from the West Pacific, Journal of Conchology, 39, 1, 1-12
Résumé [+] [-]The neogastropod fasciolariid genus Fusolatirus Kuroda & Habe, 1971, is redescribed based on shell and radula characters Fourteen species are tentatively placed in the genus, nine of them for the first time, all front moderately deep water (50-300 meters) in the tropical Indo-West Pacific. Additional species currently placed in Latirus or Peristernia may also be referable to Fusolatirus when the range of shell and radula characters are better understood. However, Eve do not regard as congeneric Fusolatirus kurodai (Okutani & Sakurai, 1964) nor Fusolatirus kuroseanus Okutani, 1975. Fusolatirus luteus n. sp. and Fusolatirus pachyus n. sp., both from the New Caledonia area, are described. Latirus cloveri Snyder, 2003 [June] is a new synonym of Euthria suduirauti Fraussen, 2003 [April], originally described as a buccinid and here referred to Fusolatirus. The ranges of Fusolatirus balicasagensis (Bozzetti, 1997), F kandai (Kuroda, 1950), and F. rikae (Fraussen, 2003), earlier known only from Japan and/or the Philippines, are extended to the South Pacific.
Castro P., 2007, A reappraisal of the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) and revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, with the description of 10 new genera and 18 new species, Zoosystema, 29, 4, 609-774
Résumé [+] [-]A reappraisal of the taxonomy of the brachyuran crabs belonging to the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 sensu lato has resulted in the revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, which combines the subfamilies Goneplacinae MacLeay, 1838 and Carcinoplacinae H. Milne Edwards, 1852. Most of the 66 species of Goneplacinae sensu stricto that are listed herein inhabit relatively deep water and are infrequently collected. The subfamily Goneplacinae sensu stricto now consists of 17 genera of which 10 are being described as new: Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, with 18 species of which four are new; Entricoplax n. gen., monotypic; Exopheticus n. gen., with two species; Goneplacoides n. gen., monotypic; Goneplax Leach, 1814, with four species; Hadroplax n. gen., monotypic; Menoplax n. gen., monotypic; Microgoneplax n. gen., with five species of which four are new; Neogoneplax n. gen., with three species of which two are new; Neommatocarcinus Takeda & Miyake, 1969, monotypic; Notonyx A. Milne-Edwards, 1873, with three species; Ommatocarcinus White, 1852, with four species; Paragoneplax n. gen., monotypic; Psopheticus Wood-Mason, 1892, with four species; Pycnoplax n. gen., with five species of which one is new; Singhaplax Serene & Soh, 1976, with seven species of which four are new; and Thyraplax n. gen., with five species of which three are new. All goneplacine genera are exclusive to the Indo-West Pacific region (plus contiguous temperate areas) except Goneplax, which is so far known mostly from the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions. Four nominal species described by other authors were found to be junior subjective synonyms for other species: Carcinoplax verdensis Rathbun, 1914 and C polita Guinot, 1989 synonymous of C specularis Rathbun, 1914; Goneplax megalops Komatsu & Takeda, 2003 of Goneplacoides marivenae (Komatsu & Takeda, 2003) n. comb.; and Psopheticus insolitus Guinot, 1990 of P stridulans Wood-Mason, 1892.
Cleva, Régis, Guinot, Daniele, Albenga, Laurent, 2007, Annotated catalogue of brachyuran type specimens (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) deposited in the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Part I. Podotremata, Zoosystema, 29, 2, 229-279
Résumé [+] [-]The greatest part of the types of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda) in the Crustacea collection of the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, is already catalogued on registers and is to be gradually published. This first annotated catalogue lists the nominal species belonging to the Podotremata (i.e. crabs with coxal male and female gonopores, and spermathecae): families Homolodromiidae, Dromiidae, Dynomenidae, Homoliclae, Poupiniidae, Cycloclorippidae, Cymonomidae, Phyllotymolinidae and Raninidae. The names of the taxa are presented in their original combination. The erroneous references to specimens as "types" have been noted and corrected in conformity with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. The types of a total of 104 species are listed herein, out of about 370 known species of podotreme crabs. Photographs of most of the type specimens are also provided. A bibliography and an index are included.
Glover, Emily A., Taylor, John D., 2007, Diversity of chemosymbiotic bivalves on coral reefs: Lucinidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) of New Caledonia and Lifou, Zoosystema, 29, 1, 109-181
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty-four species of marine bivalve molluscs of the family Lucinidae are described and illustrated from water depths less than 200 m around New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands and Chesterfield Bank. Most of the bivalves came from three intensively sampled sites: Koumac and Touho on New Caledonia and Lifou in the Loyalty Islands. Eighteen new species are described. Nine new genera (Myrtina n. gen., Poumea n. gen., Solelucina n. gen., Discolucina n. gen., Lepidolucina n. gen., Ferrocina n. gen., Liralucina n. gen., Parvidontia n. gen. And Bretskya n. gen.) include both new and previously described species. Additionally, new descriptions and illustrations of type species are provided for two previously misunderstood genera – Epicodakia Iredale, 1930 and Gonimyrtea Marwick, 1929. The fauna described in this study is the most diverse assemblage of chemosymbiotic bivalves yet recorded.
Gravier-Bonnet, Nicole, 2007, Hydroids of New Caledonia from literature study, Compendium of marine species from New Caledonia : second edition, II7, 119-125
Résumé [+] [-]From a brief survey of the literature, it appears that until now only two articles were published during the last century by specialists that are dealing with New Caledonian hydroids. The first was by Redier (1966). From samples collected by Yves Plessis, he described 25 species (including 5 varieties), all already known. Most of them were from the littoral zone and were collected at low tide; a few were from deeper waters (to 40 m depth). The second article was published later on by Vervoort (1993) who studied representatives of the family Sertulariidae in several collections of the Natural History Museum of Paris. The specimens mostly originated from the following oceanographic cruises: Biocal (1985), Lagon (1984, 1985 and 1989), Musorstom 4 (1985), Cha1cal 2 (1986), Biogeocal (1988), Smib 2 (1986), 4 and 5 (1989) and 6 (1990), with two additional sites, a station of the "Vauban" (1978) and a dive of H. Zibrowius (1989). Vervoort recorded 57 species of which 39 were new to Science. Most of the biological material from these cruises came from deep water: only 6 stations were from depths between 28 and 57m, and 77 were from a greater depth (125-860m). More recently, Laboute & Richer de Forges (2004) published a book illustrating the high biodiversity of New Caledonia with many in situ photographs of marine plants and animals. This book includes several pages of beautiful photographs of hydroid colonies, exhibiting part of the macroscopic hydroid fauna observable underwater. It presents interesting illustrations of these animals that are usually little known with divers. Besides, pictures of several species of hydrocorals like milleporids and stylasterids, of pelagic hydroid colonies (Velella and Porpita spp) and of a hydromedusa Aequorea) are also found in this book. From these three publications and from an additional provisional list sent by Bertrand Richer de Forges, the aim for the author was to establish a reliable list of species and to comment on it bearing in mind well known data on hydroids. According to the time dedicated to this project it was not possible to study the entire literature to integrate scattered records from New Caledonia or to discuss additional data related to Pacific hydroids. Moreover, the author never personally studied the New Caledonian hydroid fauna or revised specimens in museum collections: she therefore does not feel responsible of misidentifications that could be found in the list.
- Jones, Diana S., 2007, The Cirripedia of New Caledonia, Documents scientifiques et techniques, II7, 289-294
Kantor, Yuri I., Bouchet, Philippe, 2007, Out of Australia: Belloliva (Neogastropoda: Olividae) in the Coral Sea and New Caledonia, American Malacological Bulletin, 22, 1, 27-73
- Monniot, Françoise, 2007, Some comments on the Ascidians of the New Caledonia, Compendium of marine species from New Caledonia : second edition, II7, 349-356
Poppe, Guido T., Groh, Klaus, Vos, Chris, Terryn, Yves, 2007, The family Tonnidae, A conchological iconography
Résumé [+] [-]Before talking about a largely underestimated and poorly known, yet so beautiful family of Gastropoda, there is an issue which I must attract your attention to. While gathering the necessary information, shells and literature, I often wondered why people still call some of the Tonnidae by the wrong name, despite the sometimes meticulous research done by scientists in the past. Is it because of the often controversial information in the available publications? Is it for lack of decent information? This issue became clear to me when I was looking into the most recent publications on Eudolium such as Piani (1977), Marshall (1992) and Bouchet & Waren (1993). All concluded that what is usually sold as Eudolium pyriforme is in fact Monterosato 's true Eudolium crosseanum. I must say I was a bit shocked to read those papers and see some photographs of the type material. Why were erroneous names still used ifproofwas there, clearly and undoubtedly, to the contrary? It took me a few weeks and a few discussions with Dr Philippe Bouchet and Dr Alan Beu to figure it out, but in the end, the answer is simple: In scientific terms, proof is given by photography and description, and maybe by discussion, but not in such words or language that they are understandable to the untrained reader. Also, such research is often documented in broader publications (e.g. Bouchet & Waren, 1993; Beu, 2005) that don't attract the attention of the advanced amateur or naturalist straight away, and are wrongfully neglected. These works are seldom offered commercially, and thus unjustly remain unknown to the wider public. It is in this respect that works such as the Concho logical Iconography, often written by advanced naturalists, have their true value and Guido Poppe, Klaus Groh and Yves Terryn must be commended for an initiative such as this is an excellent medium to bring science and amateur collecting closer together in an attempt to cover the gap between the two. It is my ambition to give a synoptical overview ofthe existing (described) species, based on my collection of well over 1000 specimens and an ever-increasing library of historical as well as recent publications. Ten years of collecting and studying shells and publications have resulted in what is to follow. I have listed the most important synonyms for each species in order to clarify some of the dubious issues, but the lists are not exhaustive. Although I have many of the old publications through digital photography, I'm sure that there are still many more out there. And even if I was to spend another month in the libraries of, e.g. the BM(NH) or the MNHN, there will still be publications "hidden" somewhere. I mainly concentrate my research on Recent material, whilst a lot has been described in the fossil area as well. For example: recently, Dr Alan Beu discovered that there is an earlier name for what we all know as Eudolium pyriforme (G. B. Sowerby III, 1914), namely Eudolium javanum (Martin, 1879), originally described as the fossil Cassidariajavana from the late Miocene oflndonesia. While researching this, he also discovered names such as Dolhun hochstetteri Martin, 1879 (= Tonna allium (Dillwyn, 1817)) just to give one example. Another issue is interpretation. Many have interpreted, e.g. Adanson's "Le Minjac" in different ways. For one author, it is T. marginata (Philippi, 1845), for another author T. tessellata (Lamarck, 1816). March (1852) even lists it as a full species, D. minjac. In order to clarify such matters, I have tried to compare specimens with type material. This publication should be a solid basis for any future researcher in this family and I do hope you will all find the necessary answers to your basic tun-related questions to start that collection you always wanted to start.
Vidal, Jacques, Kirkendale, Lisa, 2007, Ten new species of Cardiidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) from New Caledonia and the tropical western Pacific, Zoosystema, 29, 1, 83-107
Résumé [+] [-]The fauna of the tropical Indo-west Pacific is exceptionally diverse but poorly known with even relatively well-studied faunal components yielding new species after careful study, novel approaches (e.g., delineation of cryptic species via molecular analyses) and/or rigorous collection efforts. In an attempt to quantify the biodiversity of the western Pacific molluscan fauna, comprehensive, systematic collecting expeditions have been made since 1978, with a focus on New Caledonia. Building on earlier studies of cardiids from the western Pacific, we report one new genus of cardiid (Pseudofulvia n. gen.) and 10 new cardiid taxa from the area: Acrosterigma capricorne n. sp., Fulvia (Fulvia) colorata n. sp., F. (F.) vepris n. sp., F. (Laevifulvia) subquadrata n. sp., F. (L.) imperfecta n. sp., Pseudofulvia caledonica n. gen., n. sp., P. arago n. gen., n. sp., Ctenocardia gustavi n. sp., C. fi jianum n. sp., C. (Microfragum) subfestivum n. sp. The new species are easily differentiated from conspecifics in details of hinge, dentition, lunular shape and area, rib number and/or rib ornamentation, but often diff er in gross morphological features, such as coloration, shape and size as well. Ctenocardia gustavi n. sp., C. (Microfragum) subfestivum n. sp. and Pseudofulvia caledonica n. gen., n. sp. are relatively large-bodied, with a wide distribution throughout the western Pacifi c. In contrast, Acrosterigma capricorne n. sp. and Pseudofulvia arago n. gen., n. sp. are known only from the Austral Islands and considering the intensive collecting efforts in the region, they appear restricted in their distributions.
Vilvens, Claude, 2007, New species and new records of Calliotropis (Gastropoda: Chilodontidae: Calliotropinae) from Indo-Pacific., Novapex, 8, H.S. 5, 1-72
Résumé [+] [-]New records of 25 Calliotropis species from the Indo-Pacific area are listed, extending the distribution area of some of them. 30 new species and 1 new subspecies are described and compared with similar Calliotropis species : C. conoeides n. sp.; C. helix n. sp.; C. cynee n. sp.; C. chalkeie n. sp.; C. ptykte n. sp.; C. solomonensis n. sp.; C. pistis n. sp.; C. echidnoides n. sp.; C. cycloeides n. sp.; C. pyramoeides n. sp.; C. coopertorium n. sp.; C. asphales n. sp.; C. nux n. sp.; C. oros n. sp.; C. oros marquisensis n. ssp.; C. zone n. sp.; C. hysterea n. sp.; C. stegos n. sp.; C. oregmene n. sp.; C. cooperculum n. sp.; C. keras n. sp.; C. denticulus n. sp.; C. dicrous n. sp.; C. rostrum n. sp.; C. pheidole n. sp.; C. siphaios n. sp.; C. nomisma n. sp.; C. nomismasimilis n. sp.; C. elephas n. sp.; C. ostrideslithos n. sp.; C. trieres n. sp.
Bouchet, Philippe, Petit, Richard E., 2008, New species and new records of southwest Pacific Cancellariidae (Gastropoda), The Nautilus, 122, 1, 1-18
Résumé [+] [-]Fifteen species of Cancellariidae referable to the genera Zeadmete, Admetula, Fusiaphera, Nipponaphera, and Trigonostoma are reported from depths between 200 and 700 m in New Caledonia and other island groups in the southwest Pacific. Twelve are new species: Zeadmete bathyomon new species, Zeadmete physomon new species, Zeadmete bilix new species, Admetula affluens new species, Admetula marshalli new species, Admetula bathynoma new species, Admetula lutea new species, Admetula emarginata new species, Nipponaphera argo new species, Nipponaphera agastor new species, Nipponaphera tuba new species, and Trigonostoma tryblium new species. All the Recent nominal species of Fusiaphera described from localities throughout the Indo-Pacific area Lire considered to be conspecific, the senior name being Fusiaphera macrospira (Adams and Reeve, 1.850), now with ten synonyms. The ranges of Nipponaphera nodosivaricosa (Petuch, 1.979) and Trigonostoma thysthlon Petit and Harasewych, 1987, are extended to the South Pacific.
BOYER, Franck, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, The genus Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 (Caenogastropoda: Marginellidae) in New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 389-436
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty five species attributed to Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 are recognized from the bathyal zone of New Caledonia. Four of these, S. beatrix (Cossignani, 2001), S. tuii (Cossignani, 2001), S. stylaster (Boyer, 2001) and S. boucheti (Boyer, 2001), were previously described in other genera, and 31 other species are here described as new. This series of 35 Serrata species from New Caledonia increases fi ve-fold the Recent specifi c diversity recognized in the genus. The diversity of Serrata species from New Caledonia is inferred to be very partially known, based on the fact that 31% of the identifi ed species are represented in the collections by only one specimen and that 51% were collected at only single stations. The important Serrata fauna documented here has an asymmetrical geographical distribution in New Caledonia, the highest diversity of species being found off far southern New Caledonia and on the northern Norfolk Ridge. The Serrata fauna from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Ridge and the Norfolk Ridge appears to be isolated in the southwest Pacifi c, but it has affi nities with several species occurring in the fossil or Recent fauna of Australia and New Zealand. The fossil distribution of Serrata extends from the Eocene of Alabama to the Pliocene of New Zealand. The distribution of the genus in the Recent seems to be restricted mostly to the southern Indo-Pacifi c latitudes from Cape Agulhas to the Tuamotu Islands, with maximum diversity from the Australian Platform to the Norfolk and New Caledonia Ridges. The fossil genera Euryentome Cossmann, 1899 and Conuginella Laseron, 1957 and the Recent genera Deviginella Laseron, 1957 and Serrataginella Coovert & Coovert, 1995 are proposed as junior synonyms of Serrata. Marginella anatina Lea, 1833 is used instead of Euryentome silabra Palmer, 1937 as the valid name for the type species of the genus Euryentome. The fossil genus Strombiginella Laseron, 1957 is placed in synonymy with the recent genus Hydroginella Laseron, 1957. Serrata and Hydroginella do not seem more closely related to each other than they are to Volvarina-Prunum or to the Austroginella and Dentimargo groups. The “Serrata Group” sensu Coovert & Coovert 1995, composed of Hydroginella, Serrata and 3 synonymous genera, is rejected as being a possibly polyphyletic assemblage. The high disparity in the specifi c shell morphologies of Serrata, the frequent combination of features found as typical in Volvarina and Dentimargo in the Recent, the occurrence of many morphological intergrades between these genera since the Mid-Eocene of the western Tethys sea, and the higher specifi c frequency of the plesiomorphic character of a radula with numerous cusps, together suggest that the genus Serrata may be situated near the base of the common stem from which most of the Recent groups of the Volvarina-Dentimargo complex have differentiated.
Fedesov, Alexander E., Kantor, Yuri I., 2008, Toxoglossan gastropods of the subfamily Crassispirinae (Turridae) lacking a radula, and a discussion of the status of the subfamily Zemaciinae, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 74, 1, 27-35
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eym042 Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Horaiclavus, lacking radula, venom gland and proboscis, are described. The genus is placed in the subfamily Crassispirinae (Turridae). Both species possess a peculiar foregut structure, the muscular rhynchodaeal outgrowth situated in the rhynchocoel. The possible function of the rhynchodaeal outgrowth is discussed. Other studied species of Horaiclavus possess a radula of a typical ‘crassispirine’ type but lack the outgrowth. The anatomy of the foregut of the new species is superficially similar to that of Zemacies excelsa (Turridae: Zemaciinae), which also possesses an additional structure of the rhynchocoel, namely the ‘pyriform gland’. Conchologically, there is no resemblance between Zemacies and Horaiclavus and it is concluded that similar foregut arrangement appeared independently in both lineages. A new monotypic subfamily Zemaciinae was erected mostly on the basis of the unique foregut arrangement of Zemacies excelsa. We express doubts concerning the importance of these characters in establishing a new taxon of subfamilial rank and therefore the validity of the subfamily Zemaciinae.
- Geiger, Daniel L., Sasaki, Takenori, 2008, Four new species of Anatomidae (Mollusca: Vetigastropoda) from the Indian Ocean (Reunion, Mayotte) and Australia, with notes on a novel radular type for the family, Zoosymposia, 1, 247-264
- Kool, Hugo H., 2008, On the identity of Nassarius vitiensis (Hombron & Jacquinot in Rousseau, 1854), N. rufus (Dunker, 1847), N. kiiensis Kira, 1954, and N. caelatus (A. Adams, 1852) (Gastropoda: Nassariidae), Miscellanea Malacologica, 3, 3, 49-59
Lozouet, Pierre, Maestrati, Philippe, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, A quarter-century of deep-sea malacological exploration in the South and West Pacific: Where do we stand? How far to go?, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]The Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD, formerly ORSTOM) and Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) launched in the early 1980s a suite of oceanographic expeditions to sample the deep-water benthos of the tropical South and West Pacific, with emphasis on the 100-1,500 m bathymetric zone. This paper reviews the development of this programme to date. It describes the procedures involved in curating the material collected and the involvement of an international network of taxonomic experts to identify, describe and name the molluscan fauna. So far, 1,028 species of molluscs have been recorded from the New Caledonia Exclusive Economic Zone from depths below 100 m, and 601 of these (58.4%) were new species. An additional 142 new species have been described from other South Pacifi c island groups (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Tonga, Marquesas Islands and Austral Islands). However, the hyper-diverse families have essentially remained untouched. Regional differences among island groups are high, and New Caledonia, which has been sampled best, shows several discrete areas of micro-endemism. We speculate that the deep-sea mollusc fauna of New Caledonia may amount to 15-20,000 species, and the corresponding number for the whole South Pacifi c may be in the order of 20-30,000 species.
Oliverio, Marco, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacific, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 481-585
Résumé [+] [-]This is a regional revision of the Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacifi c, based on the material collected during recent expeditions to New Caledonia (including the Coral Sea, mainland New Caledonia, and the Loyalty Islands), Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji and Tonga. It is the fi rst revision of a tropical coralliophiline fauna based on large and extensive sampling, and it yielded a total of 97 coralliophiline species, 13 of them new: Coralliophila candidissima n. sp., C. bathus n. sp., C. norfolk n. sp., C. xenophila n. sp., C. cancellarioidea n. sp., Babelomurex natalabies n. sp., B. pallox n. sp., B. depressispiratus n. sp., B. macrocephalus n. sp., Hirtomurex marshalli n. sp., Mipus tonganus n. sp., M. alis n. sp., and M. boucheti n. sp. A lectotype is selected for Purpura monodonta Blainville, 1832. In addition, this survey resulted in new biogeographical records for 37 species from the southwest Pacifi c fauna. Regional endemicity may be as high as 17.5% (17 out of 97 species). The protoconchs of 47 species are fi gured by SEM. At least 68 species have planktotrophic development, while 10 species are probably lecithotrophic, either with a short pelagic phase or with a totally intracapsular develoment.
Scarabino, Victor, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, New species and new records of scaphopods from New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 215-268
Résumé [+] [-]Previous work that recorded 75 species of Scaphopoda in New Caledonian waters is augmented with study of new material from several expeditions. The number of species in the region is increased to 115. Of the 40 additional taxa, 28 are described as new, 7 are new records and 5 remain unidentifi ed. Material from New Caledonia previously identifi ed as Antalis phaneum (Dall, 1895) is now determined as A. albatrossae n. sp.; material previously identifi ed as Compressidentalium sedecimcostatum (Boissevain, 1906) is now determined as C. clathratum (Martens, 1881); Episiphon virgula (Hedley, 1903), formerly treated as a synonym of Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883, is revalidated; material previously identifi ed as Entalina mirifi ca (Smith, 1895) is now determined as E. dorsicostata Lamprell & Healy, 1998; Fissidentalium transversostriatum (Boissevain, 1906), previously synonymized with F. shoplandi (Jousseaume, 1894), is revalidated and the material previously reported from New Caledonia as the latter in fact belongs to the former. New synonyms: Episiphon jamiesoni Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with Gadilina insolita (Smith, 1894); Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883 and D. bisinuatum André, 1896 are synonymized with Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767); Laevidentalium arnoldi Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with L. houbricki Scarabino, 1995; Bathoxiphus steineri Lamprell & Healy, 1998 and B. stanisici Lamprell & Healy, 1998 are synonymized with Solenoxiphus striatulus Chistikov, 1983. New records from the New Caledonian region: Striodentalium thetidis (Hedley, 1903), Fissidentalium waterhousae Lamprell & Healy, 1998, Calliodentalium crocinum (Dall, 1907), Gadilina pachypleura (Boissevain, 1906), Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767), Laevidentalium (?) sominium Okutani, 1964, Megaentalina mediocarinata (Boissevain, 1906).
Valdés, Ángel, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Deep-sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs (Gastropoda) from the tropical southwest Pacific, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 587-792
Résumé [+] [-]One hundred and twenty-one species of deep sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs belonging to the genera Acteon, Crenilabium, Obrussena, Rictaxis, Japonacteon, Maxacteon, Bullina, Diaphana, Toledonia, Cylichna, Scaphander, Sabatia, Roxania, Cylichnium, Acteocina, Truncacteocina, Philine, Retusa, Pyrunculus, Volvulella, Relichna, Micratys, Gastropteron, Aglaja and Philinopsis are reported from the tropical southwest Pacifi c. Thirty-nine of these species are new: Acteon ionfasciatus, Acteon chrystomatus, Rictaxis sanguinea, Japonacteon longissimus, “Acteon” editus, “Acteon” buccinus, “Acteon” ringiculoides, “Acteon” boteroi, “Acteon” loyautensis, “Acteon” rhektos, “Acteon” profundus, “Acteon” osexiguus, “Acteon” aphyodes, “Acteon” herosae, “Acteon” comptus, “Acteon” chauliodous, “Acteon” cohibilis, Bullina rubropunctata, Toledonia neocaledonica, Toledonia epongensis, Cylichna tanyumphalos, Cylichna grovesi, Sabatia pyriformis, Roxania smithae, Cylichnium mucronatum, Cylichnium nanum, Acteocina lata, Philine habei, Philine babai, Philine abyssicola, Retusa diaphana, Retusa insolita, Retusa lenis, Retusa abyssicola, Retusa trunca, Volvulella onoae, Volvulella multistriata, Relichna hadra and Micratys wareni. A previously described species, Acteon aequatorialis, is included in the new genus Bathyacteon. Three species are assigned provisionally to already described species until more material becomes available: Acteon cf. nakayamai, Maxacteon cf. kawamurai, “Acteon” laetus. Thirty-eight species remain unnamed because of the absence of adequate information, but the shells are illustrated. Most species are described based on conchological data. Fourteen species of Acteonidae and two of Retusidae are provisionally assigned to the artifi cial taxa “Acteon” and “Retusidae” until anatomical data become available. The present collecting effort in the southwest Pacifi c has produced large numbers of previously undocumented species. The largest number of species was found in the area comprising the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna, which is probably a consequence of a greater collecting effort. The list of species refl ects a high degree of endemism in the deep sea fauna from the southwest Pacifi c. Only a few widespread Indo-Pacific species have been found in the deep sea. It also appears that there is some sort of isolation between the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna region and the Philippines and Indonesia region, which is refl ected in the small number of species shared between these two areas. Most species of “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs studied here have broad bathymetric ranges compared to other groups of opisthobranchs, which may be a result of a higher ecological adaptability of this group, or may be an artifact caused by transport of empty shells. When only specimens collected alive are considered, the bathymetric ranges of most species are considerably narrower. Most species studied are exclusively found in the deep sea, but a small number of shallow water species have been recorded here for the fi rst time in deep waters. When the ranges of empty shells are examined there appears to be a turnover of “cephalaspidean” heterobranch species at about 1000-1200 m depth and a blurry transition between shallow waters and the deep sea. When only specimens collected alive are considered, there is a sharp boundary at about 200 m that clearly separates the shallow water and the deep sea faunas. “Cephalaspidean” heterobranch species are more common relative to other groups of opisthobranchs in deep waters than in shallow waters, but this result may be an artefact caused by the collecting techniques.
Agís, José Ansín, Vervoort, Willem, Ramil, Fran, 2009, Hydroids of the family Halopterididae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) collected in the western pacific by various French expeditions, Zoosystema, 31, 1, 33-61
doi: 10.5252/z2009n1a3 Résumé [+] [-]This paper is the second result of the study of large collections of Plumularioidea (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Leptolida), collected in the seas surrounding New Caledonia, in the Philippines and in Indonesian waters by French expeditions. A total of 13 species belonging to the genera Antennella (five species), Cladoplumaria (one species), Halopteris (four species), Monostaechas (two species) and Corhiza (one species) are described or mentioned in the present report; most of which are illustrated. Three new species, Antennella sinuosa n. sp., Antennella megatheca n. sp. And Corhiza pauciarmata n. sp. are described and another, Halopteris concava (Billard, 1911) is recorded for the first time since the original description. Two species, Antennella sp. and Monostaechas sp. are only identified to the genus level.
Castro P., 2009, Two new species of Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, and Pycnoplax Castro, 2007, from the western Pacific, and a description of the female of Thyraplax truncata Castro, 2007 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Goneplacidae), Zoosystema, 31, 4, 949-957
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species belonging to the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) are described from the western Pacific Ocean. The first belongs to Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, the second to Pycnoplax Castro, 2007. The new species of Corcinoplax is distinguished from the 18 known species of the genus by the morphologies of the first male pleopods and outer orbital and anterolateral teeth; the new species of Pycnoplax is distinguished from the five known species of the genus by the morphology of the first and second male pleopods and the granular carapace. A female specimen of a third goneplacid, Thyraplax truncata Castro, 2007, which was previously known only from male specimens, is also described. The characters of the two new species further confirm that in the Goneplacidae s.s. the morphology of the external reproductive structures rather than that of the carapace are far more reliable in showing phylogenetic relationships among supraspecific taxa.
Juncker, Matthieu, Poupin, Joseph, 2009, Crustacés de Nouvelle-Calédonie (Décapodes & Stomatopodes) Illustration des espèces communes et liste documentée des espèces terrestres et des récifs, 116
Résumé [+] [-]Les espèces les plus communes de crustacés décapodes et stomatopodes de Nouvelle- Calédonie ont été photographiées en mars 2009 dans 3 stations principales : en Province Sud, aux environs de Nouméa et sur les îlots Rédika et Ka ; en Province Nord, entre la presqu'île de Pindaï et Voh ; et aux îles Loyauté, à Lifou. Au total 19 stations ont été visitées en pêche à pied à basse-mer ou en plongée sous-marine sur des fonds de 1-20 m, de jour et de nuit. Une petite collection de référence a été constituée pour un examen au laboratoire nécessaire à certaines déterminations. Cette récolte est déposée dans les collections du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle de Paris. Les photographies des auteurs réalisées in situ ou au laboratoire ont été complétées avec celles d’une dizaine de plongeurs photographes ayant accepté de participer à ce projet de recherche. La photothèque ainsi constituée comprend plus de 600 clichés exploitables, correspondant à 176 espèces différentes. Ces photographies sont présentées sur des planches photographiques pour servir d’aide à la détermination aux gestionnaires de l’environnement marin de Nouvelle-Calédonie et aux plongeurs photographes amateurs. Les espèces sont présentées par ordre alphabétique sur des planches regroupées par grands groupes taxonomiques : stomatopodes et langoustes, crevettes, bernard l’ermite, et crabes. Les déterminations provisoires sont indiquées par 'cf.' Parallèlement à cet inventaire photographique, une liste documentée préliminaire des espèces de crustacés stomatopodes et décapodes terrestres et de petits fonds, en excluant les espèces toujours récoltées au-delà de 100 m, est proposée pour la Nouvelle-Calédonie et les archipels voisins (Chesterfield, Entrecasteaux, Loyauté). Cette liste a été compilée en collaboration avec B. Richer de Forges et C. Hoffschir du centre IRD de Nouméa à partir des données de la BD 'Océane', complétées par les nouveaux signalements effectués au cours de ce travail et une recherche bibliographique supplémentaire. Elle comprend 939 espèces pour lesquelles sont indiquées : profondeurs minimale-maximale, au moins une référence bibliographique attestant de sa présence en Nouvelle-Calédonie, la liste des campagnes de prospection concernées et des lieux-dits de récolte.
- Lorenz, Felix, Fehse, Dirk, 2009, The living Ovulidae: a manual of the families of allied cowries: Ovulidae, Pediculariidae and Eocypraeidae., 651
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Lemaitre, Rafael, 2009, A new classification for the Pylochelidae (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) and descriptions of new taxa, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 159-231
Résumé [+] [-]A new classification is presented based on the results of the recently completed cladistic analysis of the Pylochelidae. The subfamilies Pylochelinae and Pomatochelinae are retained, the latter with the genera Pylocheles and Cheiroplatea; however, the subgenera Xylocheles and Bathycheles are elevated to generic rank together with the nominal subgenus Pylocheles. In addition, one new species, B. phenax, is described in Bathycheles and B. profundus is shown to be conspecific with B. integer. The subfamilies Parapylochelinae, Cancellochelinae, Trizochelinae, and Mixtopagurinae are reduced to ranks of tribes and included in the subfamily Trizochelinae. A new genus Forestocheles is proposed in the tribe Trizochelini. Within the genus Trizocheles, subspecific rank for T. spinosus bathamae is deemed unjustified and this taxon is placed in synonymy with the nominal subspecies T spinosus spinosus. The correct identity of Trizocheles balssi is established and the species mistakenly thought to represent that taxon is described as T. hoensonae, new species. Trizocheles gracilis is found to be conspecific with T. boasi and an additional new species, T. mendanai, is added to the genus. The superfamilial ranks of Cheiroplateoidea, Pomatocheloidea, Pylocheloidea, and Cancellocheloidea proposed by Watabe (2007) are rejected, as is Birgusoidea.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, On the Majoid genera Oxypleurodon Miers, 1886, and Sphenocarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1875 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Epialtidae), with descriptions of two new genera and five new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 247-266
Résumé [+] [-]On the basis of fresh collections from various parts of the western Pacific, three species of majoid crabs previously considered as rare are redescribed and figured: Oxypleurodon bidens (Sakai, 1969), O. auritum (Rathbun, 1916) and O. coralliophilum (Takeda, 1980). Four new species are described: O. boholense from the Philippines, O. barazeri and O. parallelum front the Solomon Islands, and O. alaini from New Caledonia. A new genus and new species, Stegopleurodon planirostrum, is described from New Caledonia and Vanuatu. The two species currently assigned to the allied American genus Sphenocarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1875, are re-examined, and a new genus, Rhinocarcinus. is established for the Pacific species Sphenocarcinus agassizi Rathbun, 1893.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, Vultocinus anfractus Ng & Manuel-Santos, 2007 (Decapoda, Brachyura, Vultocinidae): a new record for New Caledonia, with notes on female characters, Crustaceana, 82, 5, 627-634
doi: 10.1163/156854009X407731 Résumé [+] [-]The unusual goneplacoid crab, Vultocinus anfractus Ng & Manuel-Santos, 2007, the only member of the family Vultocinidae, is recorded from New Caledonia for the first time. The species, previously known only on the basis of males from the Philippines and Vanuatu, is now also represented by females. The female characters of the species are described and intraspecific variation is discussed.
Vilvens, Claude, 2009, New species and new records of Calliostomatidae (Gastropoda: Trochoidea) from New Caledonia and Solomon Islands, Novapex, 10, 4, 125-163
Résumé [+] [-]New records of 16 known Calliostomatidae species from New Caledonia and Solomon Islands area are listed, extending the distribution area of some of them. Seven new species are described and compared with similar species: Calliostoma (Calliostoma) cochlias n. sp., C. (Fautor) aprosceptum n. sp., C. (F.) diaphoros n. sp., C. (Benthastelena) hexalyssion n. sp., C. (B.) malaita n. sp., C. (Ampullotrochus) tropis n. sp., C. (A.) aporia n. sp. A list of the Calliostomatidae of the Indo-Pacific area is provided with their distribution.
Alf, Axel, Maestrati, Philippe, Bouchet, Philippe, 2010, New species of Bolma (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Turbinidae) from the tropical deep sea., The Nautilus, 124, 2, 93-99
Résumé [+] [-]Five new species of Bolma are described, three from New Caledonia, one from Mozambique and one from French Polynesia, all from deep reef (75-155 m) to bathyal (230-580 m) depths. Four of the new species have been sequenced, and their holotypes are also voucher specimens for COl sequences, thus contributing to a new generation of name-bealing types. The descriptions and names are provided in advance of a forthcoming shell-based revision of the genus Bolma, and in advance of a detailed molecular- and morphology-based study of Bolma in New Caledonian waters.
Bitner, Maria Aleksandra, 2010, Biodiversity of shallow-water brachiopods from New Caledonia, SW Pacific, with description of a new species, Scientia Marina, 74, 4, 643-657
doi: 10.3989/scimar.2010.74n4643 Résumé [+] [-]Twelve species of recent brachiopods belonging to the genera Lingula, Discradisca, Novocrania, Xenobrochus, Eucalathis, Frenulina, Argyrotheca, Campages, Thecidellina and Lacazella were identified in samples collected during shallow-water cruises around New Caledonia, southwest Pacific. Six genera, Lingula, Xenobrochus, Eucalathis, Frenulina, Campages and Thecidellina, have been already reported from the New Caledonian region, while four genera, Discradisca, Novocrania, Argyrotheca and Lacazella are the first records from this region. Additionally, Discradisca stella is the first discinid brachiopod recognized in the New Caledonia area. One new species is described, the megathyridid Argyrotheca neocaledonensis n. sp. The biogeographical affinities of the New Caledonia brachiopod faunas are briefly discussed.
- Castro, Peter, Guinot, Danièle, Ng, Peter K.L., 2010, A new family for Sotoplax robertsi Guinot, 1984, with a diagnosis and key to the Goneplacoidea MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura), Zootaxa, 2356, 36–56
Castro, Peter, Ng, Peter K.L., 2010, Revision of the family Euryplacidae Stimpson, 1871 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Goneplacoidea), Zootaxa, 2375, 1-130
Résumé [+] [-]The family Euryplacidae Stimpson, 1871, traditionally included in the Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838, is revised based on the examination of the type material of many of its species as well as unidentified and previously identified material from around the world. The revised family now consists of 31 species (including five that are described as new) belonging to 13 genera (including four that are described as new): Eucrate De Haan, 1835, with eight species, of which one is new; Euryplax Stimpson, 1859, with two species; Frevillea A. Milne-Edwards, 1880, with three species; Henicoplax n. gen., with five species of which three are new; Heteroplax Stimpson, 1858, monotypic; Machaerus Leach, 1818, with two species; Nancyplax Lemaitre, Garcia-Gomez, von Sternberg & Campos, 2001, monotypic; Platyozius Borradaile, 1902, monotypic; Psopheticoides Sakai, 1969, monotypic; Systroplax n. gen., monotypic; Trissoplax n. gen., with two species, of which one is new; Trizocarcinus Rathbun, 1914, with two species; Villoplax n. gen., monotypic; and Xenocrate Ng & Castro, 2007, monotypic. The genus Platyozius and Eucrate formosensis Sakai, 1974, are removed from the synonymy of Eucrate and E. alcocki Serene, in Serene & Lohavanijaya, 1973, respectively. Neotypes are selected for Heteroplax dentata Stimpson, 1858, and Pilumnoplax sulcatifrons Stimpson, 1858, two species described from Hong Kong that have a confusing taxonomic history. A neotype is also selected for Euryplax nitida Stimpson, 1859, described from the Florida Keys. Seven nominal species described by other authors were found to be junior subjective synonyms for other species: Eucrate affinis Haswell, 1882, E. costata Yang & Sun 1979, E. haswelli Campbell 1969, and Pseudorhombila sulcatifrons var. australiensis Miers, 1884, of Trissoplax dentata (Stimpson, 1858); Galene laevimanus (Lucas, in Jacquinot & Lucas, 1853) of Eucrate dorsalis (White, 1849); Heteroplax nagasakiensis Sakai, 1934, of H. transversa Stimpson, 1858; and Pilumnoplax sulcatifrons Stimpson, 1858, of Eucrate crenata (De Haan, 1835). Eight euryplacid genera are exclusively found in the Indo-West Pacific region (except one species introduced in the Mediterranean), one is exclusive to each the Eastern Atlantic and Tropical Eastern Pacific regions, three to the Western Atlantic region, and one genus has both Western Atlantic and Tropical Eastern Pacific species.
Macpherson, Enrique, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Schnabel, Kareen, Samadi, Sarah, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Garcia-Rubies, Antoni, 2010, Biogeography of the deep-sea galatheid squat lobsters of the Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 57, 2, 228-238
doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.11.002 Résumé [+] [-]We analyzed the distribution patterns of the galatheid squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) of the Pacific Ocean. We used the presence/absence data of 402 species along the continental slope and continental rise (200-2000 m) obtained from 54 cruises carried out in areas around the Philippines, Indonesia, Solomon, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna and French Polynesia. The total number of stations was ca. 3200. We also used published data from other expeditions carried out in the Pacific waters, and from an exhaustive search of ca. 600 papers on the taxonomy and biogeography of Pacific species. We studied the existence of biogeographic provinces using multivariate analyses, and present data on latitudinal and longitudinal patterns of species richness, rate of endemism and the relationship between body sizes with the size of the geographic ranges. Latitudinal species richness along the Western and Eastern Pacific exhibited an increase from higher latitudes towards the Equator. Longitudinal species richness decreased considerably from the Western to the Central Pacific. Size frequency distribution for body size was strongly shifted toward small sizes and endemic species were significantly smaller than non-endemics. This study concludes that a clear separation exists between the moderately poor galatheid fauna of the Eastern Pacific and the rich Western and Central Pacific faunas. Our results also show that the highest numbers of squat lobsters are found in the Coral Sea (Solomon-Vanuatu-New Caledonia islands) and Indo-Malay-Philippines archipelago (IMPA). The distribution of endemism along the Pacific Ocean indicates that there are several major centres of diversity, e.g. Coral Sea, IMPA, New Zealand and French Polynesia. The high proportion of endemism in these areas suggests that they have evolved independently. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Macpherson E., Baba K., 2010, Revision of the genus Sadayoshia (Anomura, Galatheidae), with description of four new species, Studies on Malacostraca, 14, 415-452
Peñas, Anselmo, Rolán, Emilio, Gofas, Serge, 2010, Deep water Pyramidelloidea of the Tropical South Pacific: Turbonilla and related genera, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 26, 200
Résumé [+] [-]This paper reports on deep water Pyramidellidae from the tropical South Pacific, collected during the Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos expeditions conducted by IRD and MNHN in New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, and French Polynesian, and deals more specifically with those species that can be included in the tribe Turbonillini. Since the different genera have not been thoroughly revised at the present time and there is no certainty about their validity, we have employed only the genus name Turbonilla in a broad sense. In total, 272 species are studied, of which 30 were already known, 33 were too poorly represented to be named and are presented as sp., and 209 are described as new to science. There is a clear decrease in species richness from the Solomon Islands (202 species) eastwards to Fiji (82 species), New Caledonia (85 species), Vanuatu (31 species), Tonga (11 species) and the Marquesas (7 species). Replacement names are proposed for Turbonilla gracilis (A. Adams, 1854) non Turbo gracilis Brocchi, 1814, and Exesilla sulcata Laseron, 1959, non Odostomia sulcata Garrett, 1873, both secondary homonyms in Turbonilla. New taxonomic opinions in this work are the following: Turbonilla theresa Thiele, 1925 and Pyrgiscus mirandus Saurin, 1959 are considered synonyms of Turbonilla funiculata de Folin, 1868; Odontostomia robusta Hedley, 1899, Turbonilla microscopica Laseron, 1959, and Turbonilla (Pyrgostelis) manorae Melvill, 1898 are considered synonyms of Turbonilla mumia (A. Adams, 1861); Turbonilla decussata Pease, 1861, T. elongata Pease, 1868, Proto cornelliana Newcomb, 1870, Chemnitzia coppingeri E. A Smith, 1884, Turbonilla (Lancella) bella Dall & Bartsch, 1906, and Turbonilla (Lancella) vitiensis Pilsbry, 1917 are considered synonyms of Turbonilla varicosa (A. Adams, 1855); Elusa secunda Saurin, 1959 is a synonym of Turbonilla ovalis de Folin, 1868; Turbonilla multigyrata Dunker, 1882 is a synonym of T. candida A. Adams, 1855; Turbonilla lydia Thiele, 1925 is a synonym of Turbonilla crystallina Dall & Bartsch, 1906.
Cabezas, Patricia, Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2011, Allogalathea (Decapoda: Galatheidae): a monospecific genus of squat lobster?, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 162, 2, 245-270
doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00681.x Résumé [+] [-]The genus Allogalathea was established by Baba in 1969 to include the well-known species Galathea elegans. This species is widely distributed across the Indo-West Pacific Ocean, and is characterized by living in close association with crinoids, and by its conspicuous coloration. Although the genus is considered monospecific, different colour patterns and discrete morphological variations mainly associated with the rostrum and chelipeds have been reported. These differences could point to cryptic species, thereby questioning Allogalathea as a monotypic taxon. To address this issue, we sequenced the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI; 658 bp) and 16S rRNA (882 bp) genes and the nuclear gene phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK; 598 bp) in numerous specimens from eight different localities, and also examined their morphological characters. DNA sequences were analysed using maximum-parsimony, maximum-likelihood, and Bayesian approaches of phylogenetic inference. The resulting trees were combined with morphological evidence to test species boundaries. Our molecular data revealed four deeply divergent clades, which can be distinguished by subtle morphological differences in the spinulation and length: breadth ratio of the P1 carpus, spinulation of the walking legs, and shape of the rostrum. Our findings indicated that Allogalathea elegans is in fact a species complex comprising four different species, which, although genetically very distinct, are morphologically very similar. We provide morphological descriptions and a key to these four species of the genus.
Cairns, Stephen, Kitahara, Marcelo, 2012, An illustrated key to the genera and subgenera of the Recent azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa), with an attached glossary, ZooKeys, 227, 1-47
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.227.3612 Résumé [+] [-]The 120 presently recognized genera and seven subgenera of the azooxanthellate Scleractinia are keyed using gross morphological characters of the corallum. All genera are illustrated with calicular and side views of coralla. All termes used in the key are defined in an illustrated glossary. A table of all species-level keys, both comprehensive and faunistic, is provided covering the last 40 years.
Debenay, Jean-Pierre, 2012, A guide to 1,000 foraminifera from Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
Résumé [+] [-]The first part of this guide is designed to introduce the reader to New Caledonia, a French archipelago in the tropical-subtropical southwestern Pacific (latitude 15°-26° S and longitude 156°- 174°E), with the main island (400 km long and 50 km wide) being the third largest island in the southwestern Pacific after New Guinea and New Zealand. It presents an overview of the geologic, geomorphic, oceanographic and climatic setting of New Caledonia at general, regional, and local scales. Then, the current knowledge of foraminifera, including biology and the main test components used for identification is summarized and illustrated. It is mostly destined for non-specialists and people new to foraminifera. In the following chapters, foraminiferal studies of New Caledonia are synthesized, with emphasis on studies carried out in lagoonal, reefal and paralic environments during the past 35 years, including distribution maps of the main species, distribution models related to depth and mud content of the sediment, and examples of foraminifera as environmental indicators at various space and time scales. The main part of this work is a guide to the taxonomy and identification of benthic foraminifera that are very diversified and abundant around New Caledonia. It aims to assist micropaleontologists and students of foraminifera, but also to provide a resource for environmental managers and scientists who may use foraminifera as a tool for environmental monitoring and assessment, without being specialists of this group. For achieving this goal, species are classified by the nature of the wall and the dominant morphological feature. First, a photographical summary presents full-page plates showing small images of all species divided into agglutinated, porcelaneous and hyaline, with the hyaline species further classified by the coiling mode. It will allow an easy comparison between related species and a quick pre-identification of specimens before advancing to the next chapter for confirmation on the basis of descriptions and larger photographs of the species. At the end of the book, and mostly for specialists, a systematics list of foraminiferal species identified from New Caledonia is provided, with a brief synonymy list including the original type reference, and a few references that illustrate the species clearly. Systematics is organized following LOEBLICH & TAPPAN (1992, 1994) and KAMINSKI (2004). A total of 1,043 species are described and illustrated by scanning electron and light microscope photographs. They were collected from over 800 samples that span 0-700 m water depths in a high diversity of habitats including mangrove, estuaries, lagoons, coral reef and shelf. Among them, 665 had not been reported around New Caledonia before the compilation published in 2007. Two new species are described: Triloculina elongotricarinata and Hoeglundina neocarinata, a new species name is proposed for Calcarina exuberans, instead of Calcarina hispida var. pulchella, and a new genus name is proposed for Quirimbatina rimosa instead of Mimosina rimosa. One hundred and forty-two species could not be determined at a specific level and are recorded under open nomenclature. A high proportion of them are presumably new species, but more specimens are needed before proposing new species names. Including the 158 species reported in the literature, and not found for being illustrated in this book, the number of benthic foraminifera species identified hitherto around New Caledonia reaches 1,201. Most of them had been reported from the central and western Pacific, and/or the Indo-Pacific area, but some species had been found from remote areas, such as the spectacular Quinqueloculina erinacea Mikhalevich, reported fromthe tropical Atlantic, or Rotaliammina siphonata (Seiglie), reported from Venezuela, showing the high dispersal potential of some species.
Fedosov, Alexander E., Kantor, Yuri I., 2012, A new species and genus of enigmatic turriform Fasciolariidae from the Central Indo-Pacific., Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 141, 2, 137-144
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus and species of Fasciolariidae, Angulofusus nedae n. gen. n. sp. conchologically superficially resembling some Conoidea is described. Radula, anatomy and coloration of the body of the new species suggest that it belongs to subfamily Fusininae, being very similar in anatomy to species of the genus Amiantofusus. The species is broadly distributed in the Indo-Pacific, from the Philippines, through Vanuatu and New Caledonia to Wallis and Futuna in 40 to 105 m.
Herbert, David G., 2012, A revision of the Chilodontidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Seguenzioidea) of southern Africa and the south-western Indian Ocean, African Invertebrates, 53, 2, 381–502
Résumé [+] [-]All species of Chilodontidae known to occur in the south-western Indian Ocean are discussed (27 species, of which eight new, belonging to nine genera, of which three new). Keys to genera and species are provided. Observations on protoconch form, shell microsculpture, radula morphology, operculum shape and external anatomy are given, together with summary biological observations. The genus Agathodonta Cossmann, 1918 is not considered to be applicable to the extant species for which it has been recently used and a new genus is proposed for these living forms. Type specimens of a number of extralimital species examined for comparative purposes are illustrated. New genera: Ascetostoma, Clypeostoma and Pholidotrope. New species: Clypeostoma reticulatum, Danilia boucheti, Danilia textilis, Herpetopoma serratocinctum, Herpetopoma stictum, Pholidotrope gloriosa, Vaceuchelus cretaceus and Vaceuchelus jayorum. New synonyms: Cantharidus pliciferus Schepman, 1908 = Perrinia angulifera (A. Adams, 1853); Turcica (Perrinia) waiwailevensis Ladd, 1982 and Herpetopoma eboreum Vilvens & Heros, 2003 = Herpetopoma xeniolum (Melvill, 1918); Trochus alabastrum Reeve, 1858 = Euchelus asper (Gmelin, 1791). New combinations: Agathodonta elongata Vilvens, 2001, A. meteorae Neubert, 1998, A. nortoni McLean, 1984, Euchelus townsendianus Melvill & Standen, 1903 and Turcica salpinx Barnard, 1964 are transferred to Clypeostoma gen. n.; Diloma verruca Gould, 1861, Euchelus seychellarum G. & H. Nevill, 1869, Euchelus xeniolum Melvill, 1918, Turcica helix Barnard, 1964 and T. waiwailevensis Ladd, 1982 are transferred to Herpetopoma; Euchelus gemmula Turton, 1932 is transferred to Vaceuchelus; Euchelus providentiae Melvill, 1909 and E. ringens Schepman, 1908 are transferred to Ascetostoma gen. n.; Stomatella cumingii A. Adams, 1854 is transferred to Granata; Turcica konos Barnard, 1964 is transferred to Perrinia. New records for the south-western Indian Ocean: Clypeostoma meteorae (Neubert, 1998); Clypeostoma cf. nortoni (McLean, 1984); Granata cumingii (A. Adams, 1854); Herpetopoma instrictum (Gould, 1849); Herpetopoma ?naokoae Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006; Herpetopoma xeniolum (Melvill, 1918); Perrinia angulifera (A. Adams, 1853). New records for South Africa: Ascetostoma providentiae (Melvill, 1909); Herpetopoma ?naokoae Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006; Perrinia angulifera (A. Adams, 1853). Lectotypes designated for: Euchelus favosus Melvill & Standen, 1896; Euchelus gemmula Turton, 1932; Euchelus natalensis Smith, 1906; Euchelus seychellarum G. & H. Nevill, 1869; Euchelus townsendianus Melvill & Standen, 1903; Monodonta alveolata A. Adams, 1853; Monodonta angulifera A. Adams, 1853; Stomatella articulata A. Adams, 1850; Turbo semilugubris Deshayes, 1863. Type locality designations and emendations: Type locality for Stomatella cumingii Adams, 1854, designated to be tropical East Africa; type locality for Turcica salpinx Barnard, 1964, selected to be 'off Cape Morgan, 77 fath.' [-141 m]; type locality of Turcica stellata A. Adams, 1864, emended from 'China Seas' to Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Danilia Brusina, 1865 is deemed a nomen protectum and Heliciella O.G. Costa, 1861 a nomen oblitum.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, Rivasseau, Audrey, Bouchet, Philippe, 2012, Neither a buccinid nor a turrid: a new family of deep-sea snails for Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883 (Mollusca, Neogastropoda) with a review of recent Indo-Pacific species, Zootaxa, 3496, 1-64
Résumé [+] [-]The new family Belomitridae is established for the deep-water buccinoid genus Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883, based on morphological (shell and radulae) and molecular evidence. The rachiglossate radula is uniquely characterized by a multicuspid rachidian and lateral teeth with very long narrow bases and two small cusps closer to tip. Molecular analysis of a reduced set of Buccinoidea did not resolve the group as a clade, but shows that Belomitridae forms a well supported clade within Buccinoidea. Species of Belomitra have adult sizes in the 7-53 mm range; they live in deep water, mostly in the 500-2,000 meters range, at low and mid latitudes. Eleven valid species described from the Indo-Pacific were originally named in the families Buccinidae, Columbellidae, Cancellariidae, Volutidae, and Turridae. Fourteen new species are described: Belomitra nesiotica n. sp. (Society Islands to Tonga and Fiji in 580-830 m), B. bouteti n. sp. (Society and Tuamotu Islands in 430-830 m), B. subula n. sp. (Solomon Islands to Vanuatu in 760-1110 m), B. caudata n. sp. (Sulu Sea in 2300 m), B. gymnobela n. sp. (South Pacific, eastern Indonesia and Philippines in 780-2040 m), B. hypsomitra n. sp. (Fiji in 392-407 m), B. brachymitra n. sp. (Fiji in 395-540 m), B. comitas n. sp. (Madagascar and Philippines in 1075-1110 m), B. minutula (Coral Sea in 490 m), B. granulata n. sp. (New Caledonia in 105-860 m), B. reticulata n. sp. (Tonga and Fiji to New Caledonia in 395-656 m), B. decapitata n. sp. (Indian Ocean and New Caledonia in 3680-4400 m), B. admete n. sp. (off Sri Lanka in 2540 m), and B. radula n. sp. (Madagascar in 367-488 m).
Kleemann, karl, Maestrati, Philippe, 2012, Pacific Lithophaga (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) from recent French expeditions with the description of two new species, Bollettino Malacologico, 48, 73-102
Résumé [+] [-]Pacific specimens of Lithophaga and its subgenus Leiosolenus, collected during recent French expeditions to New Caledonia, Vanuatu, the Philippines and French Polynesia, were determined and described, including two new species, Lithophaga (Leiosolenus) paraplumula n. sp. And Lithophaga (Leiosolenus) subattenuata n. sp. From the twenty species, three belong to Lithophaga s.s. and seventeen to the subgenus Leiosolenus. In order to help identification of the two new species and some others, selected specimens are figured in left lateral, right lateral and dorsal view. A taxonomic key is provided for determination.
Macpherson, Enrique, Baba, Keiji, 2012, The squat lobsters of the genus Sadayoshia Baba, 1969 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Munididae): new records including six new species from the Pacific Ocean, Zootaxa, 3589, 30–48
Résumé [+] [-]Careful examination of the morphology of recently obtained specimens as well as previously reported specimens of the genus Sadayoshia, initiated by unpublished molecular data that suggest the existence of several different species, led us to describe six new species. The species are very similar to one another and distinguished by very slight morphological differences. Some of the characters that were previously considered as intraspecifically variable in some species, proved to be valid for species discrimination. A dichotomous key to all species of the genus is provided.
ter Poorten, Jan Johan, 2012, Fulvia (Fulvia) nienkeae spec. nov., a new Fulvia from the Central Indo-West Pacific (Bivalvia, Cardiidae), Basteria, 76, 4-6, 117-125
Résumé [+] [-]Fulvia (Fulvia) nienkeae spec. nov. (Cardiidae) is described from various localities in the Central Indo-West Pacific. It is compared with the similar, sympatric Fulvia (Fulvia) australis (G.B. Sowerby II, 1834) and with the Pliocene Fulvia (Fulvia) tegalense (Oostingh, 1934) comb. Nov.
- Bouchet, Philippe, Snyder, Martin Avery, 2013, New and old species of Benimakia (Neogastropoda: Fasciolariidae) and a description of Nodolatirus, new genus, Journal of Conchology, 41, 3, 331-341
Diaz De Astarloa, Juan M., Causse, Romain, Pruvost, Patrice, 2013, New dextral flounder Samariscus hexaradiatus sp. nov.(Samaridae, Pleuronectiformes) from the Solomon Islands, south-west Pacific Ocean, Cybium, 37, 4, 241–246
Résumé [+] [-]A new right eyed flounder, Samariscus hexaradiatus, is described on the basis of two specimens collected from the Solomon Islands, southwestern Pacific Ocean, at depths of 135-325 m. The new species is distinguished from other species of the genus by the following characters: 6 pectoral-fin rays; 82 dorsal-fin rays and 60-62 anal-fin rays; 9 abdominal vertebrae and 32 caudal vertebrae; presence of ctenoid scales on the interorbital space and high number (74-75) of lateral-line scales. Ocular side of body light brown with four and three distinguishable horseshoe-shaped spots along margins of both dorsal and ventral profiles, respectively. Two indistinct dusky blotches on the lateral line, one situated before the distal end part of the pectoral fin when flattened posteriorly, the other placed near the last one-third of the body length. Two distinct black spots placed on the upper and lower margins of the caudal peduncle at the posterior end of the dorsal and anal fins, respectively. Pectoral fin with dark pigmentation. Dorsal and anal fins dusky brown near the proximal and distal ends of the fin-rays, respectively, and with distinct series of small dusky spots on the medial parts the fin-rays.
Houart, Roland, 2013, Description of two new species of Trophoninae s.l. and Typhinae (Gastropoda: Muricidae) from New Caledonia and comments on Litozamia Iredale, 1929 and Siphonochelus Jousseaume, 1880., Venus, 71, 1-2, 1-11
Résumé [+] [-]Litozamia acares n. sp. and Siphonochelus (Trubatsa) wolffi n. sp. are described from New Caledonia. The radula and the operculum of Litozamia acares are illustrated and described. The classification of Litozamia in Trophoninae is maintained awaiting molecular data to either confirm or modify this decision. Litozamia longior (Verco, 1909) is reinstated as a valid species. The use of the subgenus Choreotyphis Iredale, 1936 is reinstated in Siphonochelus for a single species from eastern Australia, based on differences in shell morphology.
Macpherson, Enrique, Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, 2013, A new genus and some new species of the genus Lauriea Baba, 1971 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from the Pacific and Indian Oceans, using molecular and morphological characters, Zootaxa, 3599, 2, 136-160
Peñas, Anselmo, Rolán, Emilio, 2013, Revision of the genera Murchisonella and Pseudoaclisina (Gastropoda, Heterobranchia, Murchisonellidae), Vita Malacologica, 11, 15-64
Résumé [+] [-]A revision of the species of two genera of the family Murchisonellidae Casey, 1904, which have Recent representatives: Murchisonella Casey, 1904 and Pseudoaclisina Yoo, 1994, is presented. All the known species are figured, their morphologies described and comparisons made. In the first genus, Murchisonella, 22 species are recognised, from which 10 are new; in the other genus, Pseudoaclisina, there are 7 which all are new species for science.
Pizzini, Mauro, Raines, Bret, Vannozzi, Angelo, 2013, The family Caecidae in the South-West Pacific (Gastropoda: Rissooidea), Bollettino Malacologico, 49, suppl. 10, 1-78
Résumé [+] [-]This regional revision of the family Caecidae from the South-West Pacific, is based on material collected during oceanographic expeditions made by the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris) from 1976 to 2006. The material consists of about 8250 specimens from 208 stations. In addition, material from the Australian Museum (Sydney) (94 lots) and the Western Australian Museum (Perth) (42 lots), and other specimens from private collections, were used. In the present work, 43 species are dealt with, belonging to the genera Caecum (31), Meioceras (4), Parastrophia (6) and Strebloceras (2). Two genera, Gladioceras and Ctiloceras, were not dealt with because of the absence of related material. These are the sole genera considered valid on the basis of their distinct type of development. Of these species, 18 are described as new. An extensive usage of type material was done for comparisons, either on directly or by means of photographs. Lectotypes were selected for Strebloceras cornuoides Carpenter, 1859†, C. chinense Folin, 1868, C. modestum Folin, 1868, C. sepimentum Folin, 1868, C. succineum Folin, 1880, C. bimarginatum Carpenter, 1858, C. inflatum Folin, 1869, C. attenuatum Folin, 1880, M. legumen Hedley, 1899, Parastrophia cornucopiae (Folin, 1869) and Strebloceras subannulatum Folin, 1879.
ter Poorten, Jan Johan, 2013, Revision of the Recent species of the genus Nemocardium Meek, 1876 (Bivalvia, Cardiidae), with the descriptions of three new species, Basteria, 77, 4-6, 45-73
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Nemocardium Meek, 1876, is traditionally considered a relict of the past. Morphometric and morphological analyses reveal that the well-known species N. bechei (Reeve, 1847) is in need of taxonomic reconsideration. In this paper, five species are recognized, three of which are new to science: N. bechei from Taiwan, Philippines and Indonesia; N. probatum (Iredale, 1927) from northern Australia; N. australojaponicum spec. nov. From southern Japan and Korea; N. enigmaticum spec. nov. From the SouthWest Pacific and N. fulvum spec. nov. from Mozambique, Madagascar, Seychelles, India, Philippines and Vanuatu. All but the last species seem to occur perfectly parapatrically. With N. fulvum spec. nov., which is not confined to the Central Indo-Pacific but covers large parts of the Indian Ocean as well, the longitudinal range of Nemocardium is much wider than hitherto thought. A substitute lectotype is designated for Cardium bechei Reeve, 1847, and the New Zealand genus Varicardium Marwick, 1944, is synonymized with Nemocardium.
Agís, José Ansín, Vervoort, Willem, Ramil, Fran, 2014, Hydroids of the families Kirchenpaueriidae Stechow, 1921 and Plumulariidae McCrady, 1859 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) collected in the Western Pacific Ocean by various French Expeditions, Zoosystema, 36, 4, 789-840
doi: 10.5252/z2014n4a6 Résumé [+] [-]This publication is the third in a series of accounts on large collections of Plumularioidea McCrady, 1859 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Hydroidolina) obtained during several French expeditions to the Philippines region, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, and the Marquesas Islands. Additional material from Mozambique was also examined and is discussed. A total of 17 species, belonging to the families Kirchenpaueriidae Stechow, 1921 (two species) and Plumulariidae McCrady, 1859 (15 species), are scrutinized and illustrated in the present report. Three new species of the genus Plumularia Lamarck, 1816 are described (Plumularia bathyale n. sp., Plumularia contraria n. sp., Plumularia pseudocontraria n. sp.). The name Plumularia milsteinae n. nom., is proposed for Plumularia spiralis Milstein 1976, a permanently invalid junior homonym of Plumularia spiralis Billard, 1911. Polyplumaria kossowskae (Billard, 1911) is recorded for the first time since its original description. Two species of Plumularia are identified only to the genus level. Type materials of Plumularia habereri Stechow, 1909 and Dentitheca hertwigi Stechow, 1909, and the syntypes of all varieties of Plumularia habereri described by Billard (1913), have also been examined.
Kilburn, Richard N., Fedosov, Alexander E., Kantor, Yuri I., 2014, The shallow-water New Caledonia Drilliidae of genus Clavus Montfort, 1810 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Conoidea), Zootaxa, 3818, 1, 1-69
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3818.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]Species of the genus Clavus of the conoidean family Drilliidae that occur in the littoral and shallow waters of New Caledonia are here revised. This study is based primarily on recent expedition material from the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (New Caledonia) and Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (France). A total of 22 species is recorded, of which eight are described as new. New species: Clavus boucheti, Clavus delphineae, Clavus virginieae, Clavus picoides, Clavus squamiferus, Clavus devexistriatus, Clavus hylikos, Clavus maestratii; New synonyms: Tylotiella Habe, 1958 = Clavus; Clavus leforestieri Hervier, 1896 = Pleurotoma obliquicostata Reeve, 1845; Pleurotoma mariei Crosse, 1869 = Pleurotoma lamberti Montrouzier, 1860; Clavus mighelsi Kay, 1979, new name for Pleurotoma acuminata Mighels, 1845, non J. Sowerby, 1816, was misidentified by Kay 1979; the lectotype of P. acuminata Mighels, 1845, is mangeliine. Clavus mighelsi sensu Kay 1979, is a synonym of Pleurotoma humilis E. A. Smith, 1879. It is suggested that Pleurotoma pulchella Reeve, 1845, sometimes treated as an Indo-Pacific species, may be a senior synonym of Fenimorea halidorema Schwengel, 1940, from the tropical western Atlantic. Nomen dubium: Pleurotoma mediocris Deshayes, 1863.
Kool, Hugo H., Galindo, Lee Ann, 2014, Description and Molecular Characterization of Six New Species of Nassarius (Gastropoda, Nassariidae) from the Western Pacific Ocean, American Malacological Bulletin, 32, 2, 147-164
doi: 10.4003/006.032.0202 Résumé [+] [-]Six new species of the genus Nassarius Duméril, 1805 are described, based on material collected from the Coral Triangle and the South Pacific. We combine traditional morphology-based descriptions with the molecular (Cytochrome c oxidase I - COI) signature of the new species. New species are: Nassarius ocellatus sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius houbricki sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Queensland and Tonga), Nassarius radians sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius vanuatuensis sp. Nov. (Vanuatu), Nassarius velvetosus sp. Nov. (Western Australia to Fiji) and Nassarius martinezi sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Tonga).
Lindner, Alberto, Cairns, Stephen D., Zibrowius, Helmut, 2014, Leptohelia flexibilis gen. nov. et sp. nov., a remarkable deep-sea stylasterid (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Stylasteridae) from the southwest Pacific, Zootaxa, 3900, 4, 581-591
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3900.4.8 Résumé [+] [-]Leptohelia flexibilis gen. nov. et sp. nov., the first stylasterid with a combined calcified and non-calcified skeleton, is described from seamounts and the slope off the islands of New Caledonia, in the southwestern Pacific. The new species is distinguished from all other species of the family Stylasteridae by having a non-calcified organic axis, internal to the basal portion of the calcified corallum. The internal axis is flexible and enclosed by a series of up to 10 calcified annuli, allowing passive lateral bending of the colony. Molecular phylogenetic analyses confirm that Leptohelia flexibilis is a stylasterid coral and reveal that the species is closely related to Leptohelia microstylus comb. nov., a southwestern Pacific stylasterid that lacks an internal axis.
Ngoc-Ho, Nguyen, 2014, Six species of Axiidea and Gebiidea from the Indo-West Pacific (Crustacea, Decapoda), Zoosystema, 36, 3, 545-561
doi: 10.5252/z2014n3a1 Résumé [+] [-]Collections held by the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle until now unstudied contain six species of Axiidea de Saint Laurent, 1979 and Gebiidea de Saint Laurent, 1979 from the Indo-west Pacific. Three species of Callianassidae Dana, 1852 are new: Calliax tulearensis n. sp., and Calliaxina thomassini n. sp. From Madagascar and Callianassa coriolisae n. sp. From the Philippines. Neocallichirus audax (de Man, 1911), Axianassa ngochoae Anker, 2010 and Gebiacantha richeri Ngoc-Ho, 1989 are reported for the first time from Vietnam. The new species are described and morphological variabilites in the others are discussed
Aznar-Cormano, Laetitia, Brisset, J., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utgé, José, Zbinden, M., Zuccon, D., Samadi, S., 2015, An improved taxonomic sampling is a necessary but not sufficient condition for resolving inter-families relationships in Caridean decapods, Genetica, 143, 2, 195-205
doi: 10.1007/s10709-014-9807-0 Résumé [+] [-]During the past decade, a large number of multi-gene analyses aimed at resolving the phylogeneticrelationships within Decapoda. However relationships among families, and even among sub-families, remain poorly defined. Most analyses used an incomplete and opportunistic sampling of species, but also an incomplete and opportunistic gene selection among those available for Decapoda. Here we test in the Caridea if improving the taxonomic coverage following the hierarchical scheme of the classification, as it is currently accepted, provides a better phylogenetic resolution for the inter-families relationships. The rich collections of the Muse´um National d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris are used for sampling as far as possible at least two species of two different genera for each family or subfamily. All potential markers are tested over this sampling. For some coding genes the amplification success varies greatly among taxa and the phylogenetic signal is highly saturated. This result probably explains the taxon-heterogeneity among previously published studies. The analysis is thus restricted to the genes homogeneously amplified over the whole sampling. Thanks to the taxonomic sampling scheme the monophyly of most families is confirmed. However the genes commonly used in Decapoda appear non-adapted for clarifying inter-families relationships, which remain poorly resolved. Genome-wide analyses, like transcriptome-based exon capture facilitated by the new generation sequencing methods might provide a sounder approach to resolve deep and rapid radiations like the Caridea.
- Cairns, Stephen D., 2015, Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata) of the New Caledonian Region - Tropica Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 28, 207, 363
- Fehse, Dirk, 2015, Contributions to the knowledge of Triviidae, XXIX-F. New Triviidae from the Marquesas., Visaya, Suppl. 5, 4-130
Goy, Joseph W., 2015, Stenopodidean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) from New Caledonian waters, Zootaxa, 4044, 3, 301-344
Houart, Roland, Moe, Christopher, Chen, Chong, 2015, Description of two new species of Chicomurex from the Philippine Islands (Gastropoda: Muricidae) with update of the Philippines species and rehabilitation of Chicomurex gloriosus (Shikama, 1977), Venus, 73, 1-2, 1-14
Résumé [+] [-]Four species of Chicomurex are discussed and illustrated. Two new species are described from the Philippines, with geographical distribution extending to New Caledonia for one. Chicomurex gloriosus (Shikama, 9177) s ierinstated sa aavlid anme nad C. venustulus (Rehder & Wilson, 1975) is restricted to the Marquesas Islands. Seven species are listed from the Philippine
Houart, Roland, Héros, Virginie, 2015, New species of Muricidae Rafinesque, 1815 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from the Western Indian Ocean, Zoosystema, 37, 3, 481-503
Macpherson, Enrique, Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, 2015, Species of the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from the Indian and Pacific Oceans, with descriptions of 92 new species, Zootaxa, 3913, 1, 1-335
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3913.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Galathea is one of the most speciose and unwieldy groups in the family Galatheidae. The examination of more than 9000 specimens of 144 species collected in the Indian and Pacific Oceans using morphological and molecular characters, has revealed the existence of 92 new species. The specimens examined during this study were obtained by various French expeditions supplemented by other collections from various sources, and including the type specimens of some previously described species. Most of the new species are distinguished by subtle but constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences of the mitochondrial markers COI and/or 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species and redescribe some previously described species for which earlier accounts are not sufficiently detailed for modern standards. Furthermore we include a dichotomous identification key to all species in the genus from the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Rubio, Federico, Rolán, Emilio, 2015, The genus Lophocochlias Pilsbry, 1921 (Gastropoda, Tornidae) in the Indo-West Pacific, Novapex, 16, 4, 105-120
Résumé [+] [-]The authors studied the species of the genus Lophocochlias, family Tornidae, of the tropical Indo-Pacific, collected during the expeditions of the Tropical deep-sea Benthos, directed by IRD and MNHN, in Madagascar, Reunion Island, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, the Solomon Islands, the Philippine Islands, the Society Islands and Papua-New Guinea. New data on geographical distribution and habitat of the species studied are provided, and their morphological variability is discussed. Comparison with some fossil species is done and a new species is described.
- Tenorio, Manuel J., 2015, A new Profundiconus from northern New Caledonia: Profundiconus zardoyai sp. nov. (Gastropoda, Conilithidae), Xenophora Taxonomy, 6, 38-46
Chan, Tin-Yam, Cleva, Régis, Chu, Ka Hou, 2016, On the genus Trachysalambria Burkenroad, 1934 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae), with descriptions of three new species, Zootaxa, 4150, 3, 201-254
Günther, Roland, 2016, Angaria neocaledonica n. sp. - A New Species of Angariidae from New Caledonia (Mollusca: Gastropoda), Conchylia, 46, 1-4, 89-96
Résumé [+] [-]Angaria neocaledonica n. sp. is described form New Caledonia and compared to Angaria delphinus, A. turpini, A. formosa and A. sphaerula. Further observations on the Angariidae of New Caledonia and the Chesterfield Plateau are made
Lozouet, Pierre, Krygelmans, Anouchka, 2016, A new species of Indo-Pacific Modulidae (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda), Zootaxa, 4103, 2, 195-200
- Monsecour, Kevin, Monsecour, David, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, Deep-water Columbellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 291-362
- Osawa, Masayuki, Ng, Peter K.L., 2016, Revision of Polyonyx pedalis Nobili, 1906 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae), with descriptions of three new species, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 34, 499–518
Palero, Ferran, Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, Corbari, Laure, Macpherson, Enrique, 2016, Phylogeny and evolution of shallow-water squat lobsters (Decapoda, Galatheoidea) from the Indo-Pacific, Zoologica Scripta
Teng, Shao-Jyun, Shih, Hsi-Te, Naderloo, Reza, Corbari, Laure, 2016, A review of the Chaenostoma boscii species-complex (Decapoda: Brachyura: Macrophthalmidae) from the Indo-West Pacific, Crustacean Research, 45, 15-27
- Cecalupo, Alberto, Perugia, Ivan, 2017, Cerithiopsidae and Newtoniellidae (Gastropoda: Triphoroidea) from New Caledonia, Western Pacific, Visaya, Suppl. 7, 1-175
Fedosov, Alexander E., Stahlschmidt, Peter, Puillandre, Nicolas, Aznar-Cormano, Laetitia, Bouchet, Philippe, 2017, Not all spotted cats are leopards: evidence for a Hemilienardia ocellata species complex (Gastropoda: Conoidea: Raphitomidae), European Journal of Taxonomy, 268, 1-20
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX -J. New Triviidaefrom the Solomones, Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 65-94
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX-K. New Triviidae from the Vanuatu, Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 95-124
Galindo, Lee Ann, Kool, Hugo H., Dekker, Henk, 2017, Review of the Nassarius pauperus (Gould, 1850) complex (Nassariidae): Part 3, reinstatement of the genus Reticunassa, with the description of six new species, European Journal of Taxonomy, 275, 1-43
Kantor, Yuri I., Stahlschmidt, Peter, Aznar-Cormano, Laetitia, Bouchet, Philippe, Puillandre, Nicolas, 2017, Too familiar to be questioned? Revisiting the Crassispira cerithina species complex (Gastropoda: Conoidea: Pseudomelatomidae), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 83, 1, 43-55
Negri, Mariana, Mantelatto, Fernando L., 2017, Integrative taxonomy reveals that Charybdis variegata (Fabricius, 1798) (Brachyura: Portunidae) has not been introduced in the South Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 37, 3, 278-284
- Oliver, Joan Daniel, Rolán, Emilio, 2017, A new species of the genus Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) from the Cape Verde archipelago - Una nueva especie del género Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) del archipiélago de Cabo Verde, Iberus, 35, 1, 47-57
- Peñas, Anselmo, Rolán, Emilio, Sociedad española de malacología, 2017, Deep water Pyramidelloidea from the Central and South Pacific: the tribe Chrysallidini
- Rubio, Federico, Rolán, Emilio, 2017, Circuitus, a new genus of the family Tornidae (Gastropoda, Truncatelloidea) with the description of six new species - Circuitus, un nuevo género de la familia Tornidae (Gastropoda, Truncatelloidea) con la descrición de seis nuevas especies, Iberus, 35, 1, 31-46
- Vilvens, Claude, 2017, New species and new records of Chilodontidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Seguenzioidea) from the Pacific Ocean, Novapex, 18, HS 11, 1-67
- Baba, Keiji, 2018, Chirostylidae of the Western and Central Pacific: Uroptychus and a new genus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 30, 212
Rubio, Federico, Rolán, Emilio, 2018, Nine new molluscs (Gastropoda: Truncatelloidea: Tornidae: Vitrinellidae) from the Tropical Indo-Pacific, Novapex, 19, 1, 1-20
Résumé [+] [-]New species of the families Tornidae and Vitrinellidae are studied, and placed in several genera listed below; the samples were collected during the Research Campaigns of the IRD in cooperation with the MNHN. The described species are new to science and were placed in the following genera: Tornus (T. propinquus), Uzumakiella (U. solomonensis), Ponderinella (P. difficilis), Neusas (N. juliae, N. inesae, N. distorta) and Anticlimax (A. senenbarroi, A. salustianomatoi, A. juanvianoi). Comparison is made with the previously known related species. currently placed in the same genera and, in one case, with a species from a different genus.
Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2018, A rare and unusual new bittiine genus with two new species from the South Pacific (Cerithiidae, Gastropoda), ZooKeys, 758, 1-18
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.758.25100 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Limatium gen. n., and two new species, L. pagodula sp. n. and L. aureum sp. n. are described, found on outer slopes of barrier reefs and fringing reefs in the South Pacific. They are rare for cerithiids, which typically occur in large populations. The two new species are represented by 108 specimens sampled over a period of 30 years, only 16 of which were collected alive. Three subadults from the Philippines and Vanuatu likely represent a third species. In addition to their rarity, Limatium species are atypical for cerithiids in their smooth, polished, honey to golden brown shells with distinctive white fascioles extending suture to suture. The radula presents a unique morphology that does not readily suggest an affinity to any of the cerithiid subfamilies. Two live-collected specimens, one of each species and designated as holotypes, were preserved in 95% ethanol and sequenced. Bayesian analysis of partial COI and 16S rDNA sequences demonstrates a placement in the Bittiinae, further extending our morphological concept of the subfamily.
Liste des documents
- Cahier(s) de campagne
- Accès restreint (19)