Date et lieu de départThu Aug 02 00:00:00 CEST 1979
Date et lieu d'arrivéeWed Sep 26 00:00:00 CEST 1979
Navire : Marion Dufresne
Travaux effectués :
- Leclaire, Lucien, Monniot, Claude, 1980, Rapport sur la vingtième campagne du "Marion Dufresne" dans l'Océan indien : S.A.F.A.R.I. 20 août - 26 septembre 1979, 29
Monniot, Claude, Monniot, Françoise, 1984, Nouvelles Sorberacea (Tunicata) profondes de l'Atlantique sud et de l'Océan Indien, Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 25, 2, 197-215
Résumé [+] [-]Au cours de quatre campagnes océanographiques profondes, sept espèces de Sorberacea ont été récoltées. Trois espèces nouvelles sont décrites. Les Tuniciers carnivores ne sont plus une curiosité zoologique rare mais une classe représentée dans toutes les zones profondes des océans. L'augmentation du nombre de prélèvements a accru le nombre des espèces. La variabilité générique et spécifique révèle l'importance de cette direction évolutive des Tuniciers.
Poutiers, Jean-Maurice, 1984, Septibranches abyssaux de l'Océan indien occidental (Mollusques Bivalves Anomalodesmata), Journal of Conchology, 31, 281-306
Résumé [+] [-]The present paper deals with 14 species of abyssal Septibranchs, of which 4 species and 1 subspecies are described as new. Two species (Cuspidaria uudala1 Cetocoucha sp. 2) have been trawled at 3825--4035 m, in the W. Madagascar basin, by the oceanographie auise 'Safari MD 20', 1979. T he other species were collected during the 'Benthedi' expedition, 1977, in the North ofMoçambique channel, at 3450-3716 m depth. Amoug these last species, some have ah·eady been recorded from the Atlantic Ocean (Poromya tomata, Cetoconclla transversa, Cuspidaria bamanli, Lyonsiella cf. formosa); orher ones are known only from the lndian Ocean ( Cuspidaria bentlzedii n.sp., Myouera angularis quadrostrala n.ssp., Prolocuspidaria tlzomassini n.sp., Verticordia excoria/a n.sp., Lyonsiella curla n.sp. , Lyonsie/la galatheae); two others have not bccn identified ( Cétoconclza sp.1, Cuspidaria sp.). This work provîdes illustrations for every species and, as mu ch as possible, eonsiders the main anatomical characters of the different species. This is the first Indian Ocean record for genus Protocuspidaria. The type material of the new forms described in this paper îs kept in the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
Bouchet, Philippe, Warén, Anders, Forest, Jacques, 1985, Mollusca Gastropoda : Taxonomical notes on tropical deep water Buccinidae white descriptions of new taxa, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 2, 133, 457-514
Résumé [+] [-]This paper presents the results from examination and determination of tropical species of Buccinidae from deep water, collected by several expeditions, mainly in the Indo-Pacific area. The material comprises 14 genera and the following new taxa are described : Calliloconcha knudseni (Kermadec Trench, 5480 m), Costaha crosnieri ( S W Indian Ocean, 1740 - 3760 m), Eosipho coriolis (Philippines, 880 m), Eosipho engonia ( SW Indian Ocean, 600 - 1 125 m), Eosipho thorybopus (Mozambique Channel, 400 - 500 m), Kapala bathybius (SE Atlantic, 3550 m), Manaria clandestina (SE Asia, 440-1 490 m), Manaria makassarensis ( S E Asia, 490 - 875 m), Manaria formosa (Mozambique Channel, 400 - 500 m). For the preparation of this paper we have examined material and/or types of almost all previously described deep sea species of tropical buccinids and these are figured and commented on. An appendix lists all Neogene and Recent supraspecific names of Buccinidae proposed after the publication of WENZ' " Handbuch der Palaozoologie " ( 1941 - 43 ).
Crosnier, Alain, 1985, Crevettes pénéides d'eau profonde récoltées dans l'océan Indien lors des campagnes BENTHEDI, SAFARI I et II, MD 32/RÉUNION, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 7, 4, 839-877
Résumé [+] [-]Four deep-sea fishing expeditions conducted in the Indian ocean allowed to catch 31 species of penaeid shrimps. None of them is new but several of them were known only in geographic areas remote from the Indian ocean and they were often represented by a very small number of specimens which somethimes belonged only to one sex. Therefore, additional descriptions are given and they are based on a rather abundant illustration. Moreover, a few synonymies could be established by reexamination of various types.
- Monniot, Claude, Monniot, Françoise, 1985, Tuniciers profonds de l'océan Indien : campagnes SAFARI du « Marion Dufresne », Bulletin de Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Series 4, Section A, 7, 2, 279-308
Ledoyer, Michel, 1986, Crustacés amphipodes gammariens : familles des Haustoriidae à Vitjazianidae, Faune de Madagascar, 2, 59, 599-1112
Résumé [+] [-]Suite du volume 1 de la faune des Amphipodes gammariens marins de Madagascar, ce travail traite de la famille des Haustoriidae à celle des Vitzjazianidae. Des récoltes provenant de la mission Safari (Aout-Septembre 1979), au Sud de Madagascar et des reliquats de la campage "Benthédi" m'ayant été adressés en septembre 1980, quelques animaux, appartenant aux familles traitées dans le volume 1, n'ont pu être étudiés à temps pour prendre leur place logique. Ils sont regroupés ici dans l'addendum qui traite aussi de quelques espèces, généralement d'origine profonde, qui n'ont pu être déterminées avec précision. Toutefois elles présentent des particularités qui indiquent qu'elles sont nouvelles pour la région malgache. J'ai pensé qu'il était bon de les figurer, dans la mesure du possible, et de tenter une première mise en place de ce matériel. En ce qui concerne le Volume II proprement dit (addendum exclu), 173 espèces sont décrites. Elles se répartissent en 24 familles et 89 genres. Parmi ces espèces, 46 espèces et 4 sous-espèces sont nouvelles pour la Science, 4 étant le type de genres nouveaux.
Crosnier, Alain, 1987, Oplophoridae (Crustacea Decapoda) récoltés de 1971 à 1982 par les navires français dans l’océan Indien occidental sud, Bulletin de Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Series 4, Section A (Zoology), 9, 3, 695–726
Résumé [+] [-]Collecting from 1971 to 1982 in the South Western Indian Ocean resulted in the collection of 3 I species of Oplophorid Shrimps. Four of them, Acanthephyra frontieri, Heterogenys monnioti, Systellaspis curvispina and S. guillei, are new to Science and six others had never been reported from the Western Indian Ocean. Moreover the synonymy of Acanthephyra gracilipes Chace, 1940, with A. tenuipes Bate, 1888, is proposed and Notostomus rnurrayi Bate, 1888, which had never been reported since its description from a single specimen from the South Atlantic is discussed and illustrated. Finally, the variations of Systellaspis debilis (A. Milne Edwards, 1881) and S. pellucida (Filhol, 1885) are examined partly.
Monniot, Françoise, Martoja, Roger, Truchet, Michel, 1990, Influence de l'environnement géochimique sur la bioaccumulation de métaux par des ascidies abyssales (Prochordés, Tuniciers), Comptes Rendus des séances de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 310, 583-589
Résumé [+] [-]Impact of geochemical environment on metal bioaccumulation in deep-sea ascidians (Protochordates, Tunicates). The amount of Al, V, Mn, Ni and Cu in blood cells of the deep-sea ascidians genus Culeolus, performed by microanalysis, varies according to the geochemistry of the site and the taxonomic position. In Atlantic and Pacific ascidians inhabiting abyssal plains, the cells do not exhibit peculiar accumulations. They store Mn, Ni and Cu in the polymetallic nodule fields of Indian Ocean, Al in the East Pacific hydrothermal station. On the other hand, V storage should depend on individual or taxonomic peculiarities. In the absence of endocytosis, the Culeolus species constitute biological indicators of elements available in a dissolved state or incorporated in food.
- Monniot, Françoise, Monniot, Claude, 1990, Revision of the class Sorberacea (benthic tunicates) with descriptions of seven new species, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 99, 239-290
Vadon, Catherine, Crosnier, Alain, 1991, Echinodermata : Ophiuridae profonds de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Formes paedomorphes, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 8, 151, 335-356
Résumé [+] [-]The purpose of the BIOCAL, MUSORSTOM 4 and BIOGEOCAL océanographie cruises was to study the nature and the affinities of the deep-sea fauna of New Caledonia. This area has been until then poorly prospected and its echinoderm fauna is almost unknown. Among the Ophiuridae collected during these two cruises, a first group of 10 species is studied. Five of them are new for science : the subfamilial status of the genus Ophiophyllum Lyman and the affinities of the genera Anihophiura Fasmer and Aspidophiura Matsumoto are discussed. The species belonging to the genera Ophiophycis. Ophiopyrgus, Aspidophiura. Anthophiura. Ophiotypa and Perlophiura. Very small and showing a rudimentary external morphology, are considered as progenetic. These present collects show once more the frequency of these progenetic forms at bathyal and abyssal levels.
Scarabino V., 1995, Scaphopoda of the tropical Pacific and indian Oceans, with description of 3 new genera and 42 new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 189-380
Résumé [+] [-]New data on the scaphopod fauna of the Indo-West Pacific are presented, based on new material from recent oceanographic expeditions, mostly in the SW Indian Ocean, SE Asia and the New Caledonia region. Over 780 stations yielded a total of 139 species. Of 81 species of Dentaliida and 58 Gadilida, 42 species (16 Dentaliida and 26 Gadilida), as well as 3 gadilid genera, are described as new. Many range extensions are documented, and new synonymies are established. With 73 recorded species, New Caledonia is currently the geographic area with the highest documented scaphopod diversity. Their bathymetric distribution shows a peak in species numbers in deep water around 800 m, with a second, minor peak for Gadilida at around 2,000 m. Including genera not represented in the Indo-Pacific, 44 Recent scaphopod genera are recognized. The radula of 42 of these is described, and an update of the general classification of the class Scaphopoda is proposed.
Casanova, Bernadette, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Euphausiacae : Euphausiacés du Pacifique sud-ouest tropical (Nouvelle-Calédonie, îles Wallis et Futuna, Indonésie) Morphologie fonctionnelle et biogéographie, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 167-195
Résumé [+] [-]The inventory of epibenthic dredgings in the areas of New Caledonia, Indonesia and Wallis and Futuna Islands shows that there are 14 species of Euphausiids, of which Pseudeuphausia sinica is new for this region. Another species, Thysanopoda cornuta, sampling of which is always exceptional, leads the author to report on a closely related species, T. minyops, caught in the South of Madagascar and of which it is the second mention since its description. These two, giant, abyssal species are compared and original morphological features are described. In the Euphausiids, except petasma, modifications of the tegumental parts linked with reproduction only affect the segment bearing the gonopores, the coxae and sternites being involved in both sexes. In the females, the thelycum is a median unpaired specific modification of the sixth sternite articular sheet, partly closed by the coxal fold of the sixth thoracopods. The insertion of the spermatophores and their relation with the orifices of oviducts, situated beneath the coxae, helps in understanding the entirely external functioning of these seminal receptacles. A description of the antennular sensory setae is provided for the deep species Bentheuphausia amblyops.
Burukovsky, Rudolf N., 2000, Taxonomy of Nematocarcinus (Decapoda, Nematocarcinidae). 1. Description of disto-ventral organ and revision of N. productus, N. tenuipes, N. intermedius, N. parvidentatus, N. longirostris, and N. proximatus, Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 79, 2, 161-170
Résumé [+] [-]An unknown hitherto disto-ventral organ of the sixth abdominal segment in shrimps is described. This organ is a complex of twin sections of modified integument and related rows of setas. It is of great taxonomic importance. The presence of this organ allows one to ascertain that typical series of some species from this genus is a mixture of various species. The revision of six species, determined by Bate (1888), resulted in reduction of N. intermedius and N. parvidentatus to the synonyms, N. productus Bate, 1888 and N. tenuipes Bate, 1888, respectively. Diagnoses of N. productus, N. tenuipes, and N. proximatus are making more exact. N. serratirostris Burukovsky, 1991 is considered as a synonym of N. tenuipes.
- Peter Castro, 2005, Crabs of the subfamily Ethusinae Guinot, 1977 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Dorippidae) of the Indo-West Pacific region, Zoosystema, 27, 3, 499-600
Macpherson, Enrique, 2007, Species of the genus Munidopsis Whiteaves, 1784 from the Indian and Pacific oceans and reestablishment of the genus Galacantha A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae), Zootaxa, 1417, 1-135
Résumé [+] [-]Sixty-six species of the genus Munidopsis have been studied using specimens collected during numerous French expeditions carried out in the last decades in the deep-waters of the southwest Indian and southwest Pacific Oceans, between 140 and 4400 m. Twenty-five new species are described, and the diagnoses and illustrations of some relatively rare species (M. africana, M. debilis, M. lenzii, M. moresbyi, M. orcina, M. sinclairi, M. stylirostris and M. wardeni) are provided. The reestablishment of the genus Galacantha is proposed, including the descriptions/diagnoses and a key to all species. The genus contains nine species, including three new species (G. bellis, G. diomedeae, G. quiquei n. sp., G. rostrata, G. spinosa, G. subrostrata n. sp., G. subspinosa n. sp., G. trachynotus and G. valdiviae). The number of species collected by station is very small (usually one species), probably related to their low densities. However, in some samples, as many as five species have been found. The highest number of species have been observed in the Banda Sea (Indonesia) and Solomon Islands. The new records of some species greatly extend the previously known distribution range of the species.
Komai, Tomoyuki, 2008, A world-wide review of species of the deep-water crangonid genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea), with descriptions of ten new species, Zoosystema, 30, 2, 261-332
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Decapoda, Caridea, Crangonidae) from the world oceans is presented. This Study is based on the large collection obtained during French expeditions in the eastern Atlantic, western Indian, and tropical western and southern Pacific oceans, and on additional material from various museums and institutions in the world. Eighteen species, including ten new species, are divided in two informal species groups, P. gracilis (Smith, 1882) group and P modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906) group. The first group contains I I species: P. gracilis (type species of the genus), P abyssi (Smith, 1884), P. junceus (Bate, 1888), P. profundus (Bate, 1888), P occidentalis (Faxon, 1893), P talismani (Crosnier & Forest, 1973), P cornutus n. sp., P cyrton n. sp., P difficilis n. sp., P. geminus n. sp. and P. longirostris n. sp. The second group contains seven species: P. modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906), P. demani (Chace, 1984), P caledonicus n. sp., P. juxta n. sp., P. psyllus n. sp., P. sibogae n. sp. and P. stenorhinus in. sp. Six taxa originally described as full species by their authors and occasionally treated as subspecies, viz. P. gracilis, P abyssi, P. junceus, P. profundus, P occidentalis, and P talismani, are here maintained as full species because of the existence of morphological differences and of the partial overlap of geographical or bathymetrical ranges. All species are diagnosed or rediagnosed, and illustrated. Synonymies of Pontophilus challengeri Ortmann, 1893 with Parapontophilus abyssi and of Pontophilus occidentalis var. indica de Man, 1918 with Parapontophilus junceus were con firmed. A key to aid in the identification of all Parapontophilus species is given, although it should be used with caution because of intraspecific variations exhibited by many of the species. Bathymetrical and geographical distributions of species are also summarized. All but P. sibogae n. sp. are exclusively found at more than 200 in depth, and particularly three species, P. abyssi, P occidentalis, and P talismani, occur at abyssal depths exceeding 3000 m. Parapontophilus sibogae inhabits shallow water, recorded at depth of I I m in the type locality. Two species, P gracilis and P talismani, appear restricted to the Atlantic Ocean, although widely distributed there. Three species, P abyssi, P longirostris n. sp., and P. juxta n. sp. occur in the Indian Ocean; P abyssi is also widely distributed in the Atlantic and P longirostris extends to the central Pacific. Parapontophilus occidentalis appears restricted to the eastern Pacific. Other species are distributed in the range of the western Pacific to French Polynesia.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, Rivasseau, Audrey, Bouchet, Philippe, 2012, Neither a buccinid nor a turrid: a new family of deep-sea snails for Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883 (Mollusca, Neogastropoda) with a review of recent Indo-Pacific species, Zootaxa, 3496, 1-64
Résumé [+] [-]The new family Belomitridae is established for the deep-water buccinoid genus Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883, based on morphological (shell and radulae) and molecular evidence. The rachiglossate radula is uniquely characterized by a multicuspid rachidian and lateral teeth with very long narrow bases and two small cusps closer to tip. Molecular analysis of a reduced set of Buccinoidea did not resolve the group as a clade, but shows that Belomitridae forms a well supported clade within Buccinoidea. Species of Belomitra have adult sizes in the 7-53 mm range; they live in deep water, mostly in the 500-2,000 meters range, at low and mid latitudes. Eleven valid species described from the Indo-Pacific were originally named in the families Buccinidae, Columbellidae, Cancellariidae, Volutidae, and Turridae. Fourteen new species are described: Belomitra nesiotica n. sp. (Society Islands to Tonga and Fiji in 580-830 m), B. bouteti n. sp. (Society and Tuamotu Islands in 430-830 m), B. subula n. sp. (Solomon Islands to Vanuatu in 760-1110 m), B. caudata n. sp. (Sulu Sea in 2300 m), B. gymnobela n. sp. (South Pacific, eastern Indonesia and Philippines in 780-2040 m), B. hypsomitra n. sp. (Fiji in 392-407 m), B. brachymitra n. sp. (Fiji in 395-540 m), B. comitas n. sp. (Madagascar and Philippines in 1075-1110 m), B. minutula (Coral Sea in 490 m), B. granulata n. sp. (New Caledonia in 105-860 m), B. reticulata n. sp. (Tonga and Fiji to New Caledonia in 395-656 m), B. decapitata n. sp. (Indian Ocean and New Caledonia in 3680-4400 m), B. admete n. sp. (off Sri Lanka in 2540 m), and B. radula n. sp. (Madagascar in 367-488 m).
Aznar-Cormano, Laetitia, Brisset, J., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utgé, José, Zbinden, M., Zuccon, D., Samadi, S., 2015, An improved taxonomic sampling is a necessary but not sufficient condition for resolving inter-families relationships in Caridean decapods, Genetica, 143, 2, 195-205
doi: 10.1007/s10709-014-9807-0 Résumé [+] [-]During the past decade, a large number of multi-gene analyses aimed at resolving the phylogeneticrelationships within Decapoda. However relationships among families, and even among sub-families, remain poorly defined. Most analyses used an incomplete and opportunistic sampling of species, but also an incomplete and opportunistic gene selection among those available for Decapoda. Here we test in the Caridea if improving the taxonomic coverage following the hierarchical scheme of the classification, as it is currently accepted, provides a better phylogenetic resolution for the inter-families relationships. The rich collections of the Muse´um National d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris are used for sampling as far as possible at least two species of two different genera for each family or subfamily. All potential markers are tested over this sampling. For some coding genes the amplification success varies greatly among taxa and the phylogenetic signal is highly saturated. This result probably explains the taxon-heterogeneity among previously published studies. The analysis is thus restricted to the genes homogeneously amplified over the whole sampling. Thanks to the taxonomic sampling scheme the monophyly of most families is confirmed. However the genes commonly used in Decapoda appear non-adapted for clarifying inter-families relationships, which remain poorly resolved. Genome-wide analyses, like transcriptome-based exon capture facilitated by the new generation sequencing methods might provide a sounder approach to resolve deep and rapid radiations like the Caridea.