Chef de mission
Date et lieu de départTue Mar 09 00:00:00 CET 1993 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Date et lieu d'arrivéeSat Mar 20 00:00:00 CET 1993 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Navire : Alis
Travaux effectués :
Jamieson, Barrie G. M., Guinot, Danièle, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1993, Spermatozoal ultrastructure in four genera of Homolidae (Crustacea, Decapoda): exemplified by Homologenus sp., Latreillopsis sp., Homolomannia sibogae and Paromolopsis boasi, Helgoländer Meeresunters, 47, 323-334
Résumé [+] [-]The spermatozoa of Homologenus sp., Latreillopsis sp., Homolomannia sibogae and Paromolopsis boasi confirm characteristics of a distinctive homolid spermatozoon previously estabfished for Homola sp., Paromola sp. and Paromola petterdi. Homolid features are (1) moderate anteroposterior depression of the acrosome (ratio of length: width 0.4-0.6) as in lyreidine raninids (0.5), depression being greater in dromiids and dynomenids (both 0.3); (2) the capitate form of the perforatorium, shared with dromiids, dynomenids and lyreidine raninids; (3) the autapomorphic spiked-wheel form of the anterior expansion of the perforatorium; (4) horizontal zonation of the acrosome is possibly a unique synapomorphy of homohds with dromiids and dynomenids, and therefore an autapomorphy of the dromioid-homohd assemblage. In dromiids the posterior zone is proportionately the larger, while in homolids the anterior zone is the larger. The anterior zone is complexly subdivided in dynomenids; (5) the autapomorphic presence of numerous radial arranged extensions of the acrosomal operculum into the perforatorium; (6) presence of nuclear arms, a symplesiomorphy of all investigated crabs, but small or questionably sometimes absent in Dromiidae; (7) absence of microtubules from the nuclear arms, as in dromiids, raninids, higher heterotremes and thoracotremes; (8) transient presence of a posterior median process of the nucleus. The process is not seen in dromiids but occurs in anomurans and lower heterotremes; (91 apical perforation of the operculum, also seen, apparently symplesiomorphically, in dromiids, raninids, and lower heterotreme families; (10) absence of an acrosome ray zone, probably homoplasic with absence in raninids; (11)location of most of the cytoplasm, including tortuous membranes and degenerating mitochondria, below the acrosome,also seen in Lyreidus; (12) presence, in at least some species, of centrioles, unknown in dromiids and raninids and variable in occurrence in heterotremes.
Jamieson, Barrie G. M., Guinot, Danièle, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1994, Podstreme affinities of Ranirasides sp. and Lyreídus brevifrons: evidence from spermatozoal ultrastructure (Crustacea: Brachyura: Raninoidea), Marine Biology, 120, 239-249
Résumé [+] [-]Spermatozoal synapomorphies which singly or collectively distinguish Raninoidea are: (1) the presence of single (Ranina, Raninoides) or multiple (Lyreidus) keellike projections of the acrosomal capsule; (2) a very large, weakly electron-opaque peripheral acrosomal zone (Ranina, Raninoides) and an homologous large outer zone in Lyreidus; (3) poor differentiation of the operculum from the capsule (autapomorphy); (4) a very well developed, perforate subopercular zone, of variable forni; (5) presence of unique inward longitudinal projections (septa or corrugations) in the wall of the subacrosomal chamber (autapomoiphy). Shared, presumably synapomorphic characters of Ranina and Rariinoides but not of Lyreidus within the Raninidae, are: (1) branching of some of the subacrosomal septa (unbranched in Lyreidus); (2) the subspheroidal form of the acrosome in Ranina with a 1ength:width ratio (L : W) of 0.76. and, although slightly more depressed, in Raninoides (L : W 0.73), considered apomorphic relative to the more depressed form in Lyreidus (L: W 0.52); (3) single or multiple coiled perforatorial filaments (Ranina, Raninoides) contrasting with a capitate perforatorium with “amoeboid” head in Lyreidus; (4) division of the capsule wall to give one posterior (Kanina) or multiple enclaves, plesiomorphically (?) absent in Lyreidus. Similarities of Lyreidus with other podotremes include the capitate perforatorium, questionably related to the radiate spiked- wheel structure of homolids in which acrosome proportions are similar or less closely to the bilateral capitate perforatorium of dromiids and dynomenids, and basal capsular projections as in the dromiid Stinidrontia (= Petarnalera) lateralis and in cyclodorippoids. No spermatozoal synapomorphies support a sister-group relationship of raninoids and heterotreme-thoracotreme crabs.
- Jamieson, Barrie G. M., Guinot, Danièle, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1994, Relationships of the Cyclodorippoidea Ortmann: evidence from spermatozoal ultrastructure in the genera Xeinostoma, Tymolus and Cymonomus (Crustacea, Decapoda), Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 26, 2, 153-194
Poupin, Joseph, 1994, The genus Justitia Holthuis, 1946, with the description of J. chani and J. vericeli spp. Nov. (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palinuridea), Journal of Taïwan Museum, 47, 1, 37-56
Résumé [+] [-]A collection of lobsters, of the genus Justitia, from French Polynesia, has been studied and compared with other specimens from the Indo-Pacific and West Atlantic. The diagnosis of Justitia is revised and a key to the species is given. Four species are recognized: J. longimanus (H. Milne Edwards, 1837), from the Western Atlantic and Indo-Pacific; J. japonica (Kubo, 1955), from the Indo-Pacific; J. chani sp. nov. from Japan, Taiwan and New Caledonia; and J. vericeli sp. nov. from the Tuamotu. Within the genus, J. japonica, J. chani, and J. Vericeli form a group of three closely related species, referred to here as the j. japonica group.
Bouchet, Philippe, Poppe, Guido T., 1995, A review of the deep-water volute genus Calliotectum (Gastropoda: Volutidae), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 499-525
Résumé [+] [-]Calliotectum Dall, 1890, until now a monotypic deep-water volute genus from the Eastern Pacifie, is shown to be a senior synonym of Teramachia Kuroda, 1931 from the Western Pacifie. Pakaurangia Finlay, 1926 (originally Thiaridae; Miocene of New Zealand) and Butonius Martin, 1933 (originally Fusinidae; Neogene of Indonesia) are new synonyms. Ca/liotectum has a fossil record in the Neogene of the Pacifie region (Okinawa, Indonesia, New Zealand and Ecuador), with a total of 5 species. Ali fossi! records are from deep-water facies. Seven Recent species of Callioteetum are recognised, ail from deep water in tropical latitudes. Three species occur in South-East Asia and the Eastern Indian Ocean, at 200-1660 m depth. Of these, C. tibiaeforme is treated as a polytypic species, with C. johnsoni and C. dupreyae considered to be geographical forms. Calliotectum piersonorum sp. nov. and C. egregium sp. nov. are described from the South-West Pacifie at 450-1060 m depth. Single species occur each in the East Pacifie and in the Caribbean.
Guinot, Danièle, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Crosnier, Alain, 1995, Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura : Révision de la famille des Homolidae de Haan, 1839, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 13, 163, 283-517
Résumé [+] [-]Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura : Revision of the family Homolidae de Haan, 1839. Collections made by scientists from ORSTOM and during French expeditions, resulting from the cooperation of ORSTOM and the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, in the upper bathyal zone of the Indo-West-Pacific (Madagascar, Seychelles, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Chesterfield Islands, Wallis and Futuna Islands) have accumulated abundant crustacean material. We have added to it the collections by various Australian, German and Soviet expeditions in regions poorly explored until now. We have studied also specimens taken by deep traps near atolls in French Polynesia and in french Anfilles. We have also been able to examine almost all the Homolidae deposited in the large museums of the world, reference and unidentified collections, and thereby to prepare an account of the Hawaiian, Japanese, Indian, African, South African and American faunas. From all these collections it has been possible to revise and restructure the Homolidae world-wide. Examination of all type specimens has been necessary, as has that of all specimens mentioned in the literature; practically all references and all identifications have been verified. The Homolidae comprise now 14 genera, studied in terms of their phylogenetic affinities : eight genera already known (Homola Leach, Paromolopsis Wood-Mason, Paromola Wood-Mason, Latreillopsis Henderson, Homolochunia Doflein, Hypsophrys Wood-Mason, Homolomannia Ihle, Homologenus A. Milne Edwards) ; two former subgenera elevated to generic rank (Homolax Alcock, Moloha Bamard) ; and four new genera (Dagnaudus, Ihlopsis, Yaldwynopsis, Gordonopsis). Until now quite poor in species, the family now contains in the whole 57 species : it is increased by 17 new species ; in addition, about ten uncertain species are leaven apart. In the cases of two genera considered amphi-Atiantic, Homola and Homologenus, a new taxon is described ; Homola minima sp. Nov. Is separated from H. barbata (Fabricius), typically Mediterranean ; and Homologenus boucheti sp. Nov. Is separated from H. rostratus (A. Milne Edwards), from the American Atlantic. Three other new species are added to Homola : H. eldredgei, H. coriolisi and H. ranunculus. The genus Paromola is confined to some species close to P. cuvieri (Risso) and two new taxa are added : P. bathyalis and P. crosnieri. Six species are attributed to Moloha of which the former is the type species M. alcocki (Stebbing), another one the ancient Latreillopsis major of KUBO (validated) ; it is augmented by two new species, M. alisae and M. grandperrini, and also The genus Latreillopsis receives three new species : L. daviei, L. cornuta and L. antennata. The new genus Ihlopsis includes, besides I. multispinosa (Ihle) (formely in Latreillopsis), one new species, I. tirardi. A third species, H. gadaletae, is added to Homolochunia. Only one species is added to Hypsophrys, H. futuna, but the genus is certainly more diverse. Three new species, H. boucheti, H. levii and H. wallis are described in the genus Homologenus. The genus Homolax, poorly known, is well defined. For each genus adiagnosis, an illustration of the principal characteristics and homologies, plus a key to all species are given. Each genus has been strictly redefined with respect to its type species and to all its species. For the numerous poorly known species a description or summary of characters differentiating it from the nearest taxon is presented H has been made by a synthetic study of all important morphological criteria ; we have reviewed all the principal arrangements and structures of Homolidae to understand their homologies and reach rigorous the nomenclature of the grooves and ornamentation of the carapace which have been often confused in the past. Some phylogenetic hypotheses are briefly presented. The place of the Homolidae in Homoloidea is commented on with a key to the three members of the superfamily. Short remarks, which will be completed in another work, on fossil representatives are outlined. Lastly, geographic and bathymétrie distribution of the genera and species are discussed. Each species is represented often with drawings and always by several photographs.
- Baba, Keiji, de Saint Laurent, Michèle, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Decapoda: Revision of the genus Bathymunida Balss, 1914, and description of the six new related genera (Galatheidae), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 433-502
- Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Hypocolpus pararugosus, espèce nouvelle de l'Indo-Ouest Pacifique (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Xanthidae), Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 18, 3-4, 557-564
- Houart R., 1996, Description of new species of Muricidae (Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, the Philippines Islands, the Northeast Atlantic, and West Africa, Apex, 11, 2, 59-75
- Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Decapoda : New records of species of the genera Munida Leach, 1820 and Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Galatheidae) from the New Caledonia, with the descriptions of three new species, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 423-431
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Chevillon, Christophe, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Les campagnes d'échantillonnage du benthos bathyal en Nouvelle-Calédonie, en 1993 et 1994 (Bathus 1 à 4, SMIB 8 et HALIPRO 1), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 33-53
Résumé [+] [-]Sampling cruises of bathyal benthos in New Caledonia for the years 1993-94 (BATHUS 1-4, SMIB 8, HALIPRO 1). In 1992 and 1993, several oceanographic cruises (BATHUS 1-4) were carried out with the aim of improving the inventory of the benthic fauna of the outer slopes around New Caledonia. On the basis of these results, another cruise (HALIPRO 1) was devoted to the sampling of fishes on slopes suitable for trawling, down to depths of 1100 m. In addition, the SMIB (Substances Marines d'Intérêt Biologique) research program was continued, with a new cruise - SMIB 8 - collecting deepwater invertebrates for experimentation. All of these cruises took place on board the R.V. "Alis" of the Nouméa Research Station (ORSTOM). The present paper gives an account of the fauna collected, the geomorphological characteristics of the zones explored, and an indication of particular studies on the material collected. The latter include population genetics (particularly of Brachiopoda and decapod Crustacea) and crustacean phylogeny. An appendix is provided, giving a list of stations sampled by the various cruises and their general characteristics.
Bouchet, Philippe, Sysoev, Alexander V., 1997, Revision of the Recent species of Buccinaria (Gastropoda: Conoidea), a genus of deep-water turrids of Tethyan origin, Venus, 56, 2, 93-119
Résumé [+] [-]The shell of Buccinaria, with its synonyms Dotomella and Pionotoma, is characterized by a wide subsutural ramp forming a broad, concave depression, and a short, broad siphonal canal. The general appearance is strongly convergent with shells of certain buccinid genera such as Eosipho. Radula and protoconch morphology confirm a placement of the genus in the family Conidae, subfamily Raphitominae. Buccinaria is known back to Miocene deposits of Europe, prior to the closure of Tethys, and persists only in the Indo-West Pacific. Recent species live on bathyal soft bottoms, where they appear to favour poorly oxygenated reducing sediments. The six species (two new) recognized live at depths between 200 and 1200 m. Buccinaria loochooensis, originally described from Neogene deposits of the Ryukyus, is recorded for the first time in the Recent fauna . Pionotoma teramachii and P. pyrum, two Recent nominal species from Japan, are synonymized with Buccinaria jonkeri and B. martini, respectively, both described from the Neogene of Indonesia. Cominella koperbergi and C. retifera fall within the range of variation of, and are synonymized with, Buccinaria jonkeri.
Buckeridge, John S., Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Cirripedia Thoracica: New ranges and species of Verrucomorpha from the indian and Southwest Pacific Oceans, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 18, 176, 125-149
Résumé [+] [-]Verrucomorpha from deep sea collections made by several French cruises to New Caledonia, Loyalty Ridge, Vanuatu, Wallis Island and Futuna Islands, Comoro Islands, and by the French-Indonesian cruise KARUBAR in Indonesian waters, over the period 1985-1994, are investigated. Fourteen species of verrucid are described, including four new species. Verruca jago, Altiverruca jonesae, Brochiverruca crosnieri and Metaverruca maclaughlinae', the bathymetric and geographic ranges of verrucid taxa are extended, and it is confirmed that this is one of the most diverse verrucomorph faunas known. The stams of both Verruca and Metaverruca is considered, and a revised key to genera of the Verrucidae is given.
Cleva, Régis, Crosnier, Alain, Bouchet, Philippe, 1997, Crustacea Decapoda : Stylodactylidae récoltés en Indonésie, aux îles Wallis et Futuna et au Vanuatu (campagne KARUBAR, MUSORSTOM 7 et 8). Données complémentaires sur les Stylodactylidae de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 16, 172, 385-407
Résumé [+] [-]During the French-Indonesian expedition KARUBAR off Kai and Tanimbar Islands (Moluccas) in 1991, eight species of Stylodactylidae were collected. One of these species, Parastylodactylus moluccensis was new. Two other species, Parastylodactylus richeri Cleva, 1990, and Neostylodactylus affinis Hayashi & Miyake, 1968, are recorded from the region for the first time and the remaining five species, Stylodactylus tokarensis Zarenkov, 1968, S. multidentatus Kubo, 1942, S. libratus Chace, 1983, Parastylodactylus bimaxillaris (Bate, 1888), and Stylodactylus licinus Chace, 1983, are already known from the Indonesian area, the last one having been recorded recently by TAKEDA and HANAMURA (1994). On the other hand, some specimens, at first identified doubtfully as Stylodactylus libratus, and related to Stylodactylus pubescens Burukovsky, 1990, have been causing trouble to us, and we have not find till now a satisfying solution: they are mentionned here as Stylodactylus sp. Stylodactylus brevidactylus Cleva, 1990, considering the variability observed through 49 specimens of S. multidentatus Kubo collected during this cruise, is synonymised with this species. We added to the indonesian material, for each different species, the specimens collected recently from Wallis and Futuna, the Vanuatu and New-Caledonia. The species from these three countries which have not been collected during the KARUBAR expedition are mentionned at the end of this study.
Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Une nouvelle espèce de Mursia de Nouvelle-Calédonie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Calappidae), Zoosystema, 19, 1, 151-158
Résumé [+] [-]A new species, Mursia longispina, previously confused with Mursia armata de Haan, 1837 and which is distinguished by the longest lateral spines of the carapace known in the genus Mursia, is described after specimens caught in New Caledonia.
- Davie, Peter J.F., Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Crustacea Decapoda: Deep water Xanthoidea from the South-Western Pacific and Western Indian Ocean, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 18, 176, 337-387
Paulin, Chris D., Roberts, Clive D., Séret, Bernard, 1997, Review of the morid cods (Teleostei, Paracanthopterygii, Moridae) of New Caledonia, southwest Pacific Ocean, with description of a new species of Gadella, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 17, 174, 17-41
Résumé [+] [-]Morid cods, family Moridae, of the New Caledonian Exclusive Economic Zone are reviewed based on fresh specimens obtained during exploratory fishing by ORSTOM and preserved specimens held in research collections in Paris, Nouméa and Wellington, The following eleven species in six genera are described: Gadella brocca new species, endemic; Gadella norops Paulin, southern Indian Ocean and southwestern Pacific Ocean; Laemonema filodorsale Okamura, new record, western Pacific; Laemonema palauense Okamura, western Pacific Ocean; Lepidion inosimae (Günther), new record, western Pacific Ocean; Mora moro (Risso), new record, northwest Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, southern Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean; Physicidus longifilis Weber, new record, Flores Sea and northern Australia; Physicidus luminosus Paulin, new record,,South Pacific Ocean; Physiculus roseus Alcock, new record, Indian Ocean, South China Sea, Phillipines; Physiculus therosideros Paulin, southwestern Pacific Ocean; Tripterophycis svetovidovi Sazanov & Shcherbachev, new record, warm temperate South Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. A key to the species is provided.
Sirenko, Boris I., 1997, Position in the system and the origin of deep-water chitons of the family Ferreiraellidae (Mollusca: Polyplacophora), Ruthenica, 7, 2, 77-89
Résumé [+] [-]The study of paratype of Xylochiton xylophagus Gowlett-Holmes et Jones, 1992 and a comparison with species of the genus Ferreiraella prove that this species belongs to the latter genus. The position of the family Ferreiraellidae Dell' Angelo et Palazzi, 1991 in the system of Polyplacophora and the validity of this name are discussed. It is proposed to regard names Abyssochitonidae Dell' Angelo et Palazzi, 1989 and Xylochitonidae Gowlett-Holmes et Jones, 1992 as junior synonyms of Ferreiraellidae, because the name Abyssochifon Dell' Angelo et Palazzi, 1989 is a junior synonym of Ferreiraella Sirenko, 1988 (based on the same species) , and the invalidity of the name Abyssochifon was recognized by its authors in the same publication. A revised diagnosis of the fami ly Ferreiraellidae is given. Based on comparison of morphological and ecological features, a supposition is made about close relationship between Fereiraellaand Glaphurochifon, species of which in the Upper Carboniferous inhabited shallow waters of south-eastern part of present North America . Probably the genus Ferreiraella originated from one of representatives of the genus Graphurochiton that in the Upper Carboniferous apparently inhabited sunken plant remains and fed on them, since plates of its shell were found in dark grey shales. The first Ferreiraella species that originated in the Upper Carboniferous was possibly F. caribbensis, now living in the Caribbean Sea or species closely related to it. Later the representatives of Ferreiraella spread with waters of the Paleotethys westwards to the region of present California and Panama Bay and eastwards to the region of present Japan, Indonesia and New Zealand. The supercontinent Pangea that was formed in the Permian divided the common distribution range of the genus Ferreiraella into two parts. In the Jurassic, the Pangea began to split into blocks, and marine organisms inhabiting shelf and slope of these blocks moved with them. Since then chitons Ferreiraella remained in the region of the former supercontinent Pangea only in those areas where sunken wood was accumulated.
- Stock, Jan H., Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Pycnogonida collected in recent years around New Caledonia and Vanuatu, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 18, 176, 389-409
- Séret, Bernard, Grandperrin, René, Rivaton, Jacques, 1997, Poissons de profondeur et ressources halieutiques de la zone économique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, Cybium, 21, 1 suppl., 99-106
Tavares, Marco, Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Crustacea Decapoda : Cyclodorippidae récoltés dans l'archipel de Vanuatu (Brachyura), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 18, 176, 261-271
Résumé [+] [-]Six species belonging in the family Cyclodorripidae were collected from the Vanuatu Archipelago, in 1994, during the MUSORSTOM 8 cruise. One of them, Tymolus daviei, is new and has been found too in New Caledonia; it constitutes the first record of the genus Tymolus in this area. The five other species, already known from other localities within the Indo-Pacific, are recorded for the first time from the Vanuatu Archipelago: Krangalangia spinosa (Zarenkov, 1970), known from Australia, New Caledonia, Chesterfield and Wallis and Futuna Islands; Krangalangia orstom Tavares, 1993, known from Loyauté and Wallis and Futuna Islands; Ketamia limatula Tavares, 1993, known from Indonesia; Phyllotymolinum crosnieri Tavares, 1993, known from New Caledonia; and Xeinostoma richeri Tavares, 1993, known from Chesterfield and Wallis and Futuna Islands.
Beu, Alan G., 1998, Indo-West Pacific Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). A monograph of the New Caledonian fauna and revisions of related taxa - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Edition du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 19, 178
Résumé [+] [-]The Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae from the New Caledonia region (including the Loyalty Islands, the Coral Sea and the New Hebrides Arc) are monographed based on the results of an extensive collecting effort totalling more than 1000 stations. Seventy-three species are recorded, with numerous range extensions. One of the more remarkable aspects of this fauna is the uniquely diverse deep-water tonnoidean assemblage, dominated by species such as Bursa fijiensis, B. latitudo, B. quirihorai, species of Distorsio, Sassia remensa, and less common small personids in the genera Distorsionella and Personopsis. The number of species of New Caledonian Personidae is the highest yet recorded. The Personopsis species are the first modem ones correctly referred to the genus. Revisions are provided of Biplex, Gyrineum, Cyinatium (Gelagna), the Cymatium vespaceum, C. tenuiliratum and Bursa latitudo species groups, of southwest Pacific species of Sassia, and of several Cymatium (Ranularia) and Distorsio species. New genera proposed are Halgyrineum (Ranellidae) and Distorsomina (Personidae). Seven new species are proposed: Biplex bozzettii (from Somalia and southem India), Gyrineum longicaudatum (from the tropical westem Pacific), Cymatium pemiiketi (from Oman), Distorsio parvimpedita, Distorsionella pseudaphera, Personopsis purpurata and P. trigonaperta (all from New Caledonia). The nomenclature of numerous taxa is stabilized by the designation of neotypes and lectotypes for nominal species named by A. Adams & Reeve, Broderip, Deshayes, Dillwyn, Dunker, Fulton, Gmelin, Gould, Gray, Iredale, Jousseaume, Kuenen. Küster, Lamarck, Linné, Martin. Mighels, d'Orbigny, Perry, Reeve, Röding, Salis Marschlins, Schepman, Schumacher, G B. Sowerby II, and Wood.
Poore, Gary C. B., 1998, Deep-water Arcturidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Valvifera) from French collections in the south western Pacific Ocean, Zoosystema, 20, 2, 379-399
Résumé [+] [-]The arcturid genera Chaearcturus Brandt, 1990 and Dolichiscus Richardson, 1913 are rediagnosed and six deep-water species recorded or described: C. abyssicola (Beddard, 1886) from nort-eastern Australia; C. crosnieri n. sp. From the Coral Sea and New Caledonia; and D. kai n. sp. and D. tanimbar n. sp. from Indonesia.
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1998, La diversité du benthos marin de Nouvelle-Calédonie : de l'espèce à la notion de patrimoine
Akazaki, Masato, Séret, Bernard, 1999, Dentex fourmanoiri, a new species of sea bream (Sparidae: denticinae) from off New Caledonia In Proceeding of the 5th Indo-Pacific Fish Conference, Noumea, 1997, Société Française d'Ichtyologie, 177-183
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of sea bream, Dentex Foumanoiri is described from 16 specimens caught in deep water off New Caledonia. It is distinguishable from other species of Dentex by the number of dorsal fin rays (XIII + 9), a more acute snout angle, a greater eye, and the bright yellow margins of lhe dorsal and caudal fins.
- Aubry U., 1999, Nuove Terebre e antichi versi, L'informatore piceno ; Mostra mondiale malacologia
Bailly, Nicolas, Hureau, Jean-Claude, Pruvost, Patrice, 1999, Catalogue critique des types de poissons du Muséum national d'Hisqtoire naturelle (et des Musées d'Histoire naturelle en région). Ordre des Gadiformes, Cybium, 23, 3, 219-245
Résumé [+] [-]Ce catalogue recense les spécimens-types de l'ordre des Gadiformes (sensu Patterson et Rosen, 1989) dans les collections ichtyologiques du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle à Paris (MNHN), du Musée océanographique de Monaco (MOM), de l'Université Claude Bernard de Lyon (UCBL) et du Musée zoologique de Strasbourg (MZS). Plusieurs articles traitant de la phylogénie des Gadiformes sont regroupés dans Cohen (1989). Les Zoarcoidei et les Ophidioidei ont été séparés des Gadiformes (voir Patterson et Rosen, 1989, pour un historique). Les premiers sont maintenant classés dans les Perciformes, les seconds dans un autre ordre de Paracantbopterygies, les Ophidiiformes (Lecointre, 1994: Nelson. 1994). Les catalogues correspondant restent à compiler. Le tableau 1 présente les récentes classifications des Gadiformes que nous avons consultées (Markle in Cohen, 1989; Cohen et al. , 1990; Nelson, 1994). Nous les avons comparées avec celles qui sont données par Eschmeyer (1990, 1998). Elles se recouvrent très largement, abstraction faite du niveau taxinomique des catégories utilisées. Markle les élève presque toutes au rang familial; Cohen et al. Ne distinguent ni les Steindachneriinae ni les Ranicipitinae; par rapport à Cohen et al. (1990), Eschmeyer (1990) incluait les Parabrotulidae dans les Gadiformes ( 1990), mais les place aujourd'hui dans les Ophidüdae (Ophidiiformes) (1998) comme les autres auteurs. Et élève les Phycinae et les Lotinae au rang familial. Néanmoins, la définition des Lotidae et des Phycidae varie d'un auteur à l'autre (Tableau Il). La liste des Gadiformes actuels est en grande partie donnée dans Cohen et al. (1990). Les Gadiformes et les Pleuronectiformes sont les deux grands ordres de Poissons qui n'ont pas été revus par Cuvier et Valenciennes dans leur monumental travail ( 1829- 1849). La liste des exemplaires historiques de l' annexe A comprend seulement des exemplaires conservés en herbier. Provenant de Risso et d' Adan son, ainsi que quelques exemplaires anciens conservés en alcool. Les types d'herbier de Risso avaient été revus par Bertin (1945). Les types des espèces de Macrouridae décrites par Vaillant en 1888 (Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman") avaient été revus par Bauchot et al. (1972). Nous avons intégralement repris leurs conclusions. Certains des types de Moridae ont été revus par Cohen en 1964 et 1966, et par Paulin en 1989.
Chan, Tin-Yam, de Saint Laurent, Michèle, 1999, The Rare Lobster Genus Thaumastocheles (Decapoda: Thaumastochelidae) from the Indo-Pacific, with Description of a New Species, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 19, 4, 891-901
doi: 10.2307/1549308 Résumé [+] [-]Abundant material of the rare lobster genus Thaumastocheles, recently collected from Taiwan, led to an extensive survey of the Indo-Pacific specimens of this genus deposited at various institutions. Altogether 82 specimes of Thaumastocheles from the Indo-Pacific (Madagascar to Japan and New Caledonia at depths of 70-1,753 m) were examined and 2 distinct species are recognized. The 2 species, T. japonicus Calman, 1913, and T dochmiodon, new species, differ mainly in the shape of the cutting teeth of the first chelae and the lateral carinae of the abdominal tergites. Both species are found in Japan, Taiwan, and the South China Sea.
Grandperrin, René, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1999, Programme «Monts sous-marins» (1990-2000) Bilan final, 49
Résumé [+] [-]Le programme «Monts sous-marins» s'est déroulé au centre IRD de Nouméa depuis 1990 sous la direction de René GRANDPERRIN. Ses objectifs étaient l'étude faunistique des pentes récifales externes, des monts sous-marins et du domaine bathyal supérieur (200-1500 m) et l'évaluation de leurs potentialités halieutiques. 32 campagnes représentant un total de 446 jours de mer ont été effectuées. 18 d'entre elles ont été consacrées à l'halieutique, 13 aux études faunistiques et une à des essais de sondeur. 1496 opérations de prélèvement ont été réalisées (445 pour l'halieutique et 1051 pour la faunistique) avec les engins suivants: casier, chalut à crevettes, chalut de fond à poissons, grand chalut de fond à poissons néo-zélandais, chalut à perche, chalut pélagique à poissons, drague épibenthique, drague à roche, drague Waren et palangre de fond. En ce qui concerne l'halieutique, les ressources des pentes externes (100-600 m) ont été étudiées en Nouvelle-Calédonie et à Vanuatu, archipel pour lequel un atlas des pêches est sous presse. Les monts sous-marins agissent comme des dispositifs de concentration de poissons pour les espèces démersales. En Nouvelle-Calédonie, ils abritent une ressource en Beryx splendens qui fit l'objet d'une exploitation commerciale. Une étude scientifique, basée sur Il campagnes, a pennis de déterminer les paramètres biologiques et dynamiques de l'espèce et de modéliser sa distribution en fonction de la profondeur. Pour la première fois, une corrélation liant la croissance d'un poisson de profondeur avec le phénomène ENSO a été établie. Des travaux de génétiques des populations sont en cours sur cette espèce. Par ailleurs, le programme «Monts sous-marins» collabora étroitement avec le programme ZoNéCo d'identification et d'évaluation des ressources marines de la zone économique de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Deux synthèses portant sur les données thonières et sur les poissons profonds furent réalisées. Un halieute participa aux campagnes de bathymétrie mettant en œuvre un sondeur multifaisceaux à bord du N.O. L'Atalante. Cinq campagnes d'exploration des ressources halieutiques profondes furent effectuées à bord du N.O. Alis à l'aide de chaluts et de palangres de fond. Elles mirent en évidence l'existence de certaines ressources jusque là ignorées des pêcheurs. Les collectes de la faune bathyale ont été réalisées dans le cadre d'opérations conjointes IRD et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (MNHN). L'analyse des prélèvements a été possible grâce à un réseau de taxonomistes mis en place par l'IRD (Centre de Nouméa et Antenne du MNHN) et le MNHN ; il compte 181 chercheurs appartenant à 92 institutions de 24 nations différentes, ce qui représente un effort de recherche internationale exceptionnel! Les résultats obtenus dans le Pacifique sud-ouest, et notamment en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ont révolutionné la connaissance de la biodiversité des faunes profondes. 20 volumes des Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM qui paraissent dans la série des Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle sont déjà parus (environ 10 000 pages) et un autre est sous presse. Ils traitent de plus de 4500 espèces dont plus de 1300 étaient nouvelles pour la science. 126 genres nouveaux ont été créés de même que 7 familles nouvelles. Au sein de cette étude, la Nouvelle-Calédonie apparaît comme particulièrement riche en espèces et d'une très grande originalité puisque sur-les 1619 espèces actuellement publiées, 60,7 % étaient nouvelles pour la science. Des études phylogénétiques ont été réalisées sur certains groupes zoologiques en utilisant soit des techniques de biologie moléculaire (ADN), soit des méthodes de microscopie électronique. Il s'agit des Crustacés, des Echinodermes (Crinoïdes) et des Brachiopodes, parmi lesquels plusieurs formes panchroniques ont été découvertes. L'accessibilité aux faunes de profondeurs au cours du programme «Monts sous-marins» a permis de récolter des organismes qui ont fait l'objet d'analyses par le programme de pharmacologie (Substances Marines d'Intérêt Biologique: SMIB). Deux bases de données sont directement issues des travaux du programme «Monts sous-marins». Elles concernent les données halieutiques et les données faunistiques. Les premières ont été stockées à la Structure de Gestion et de Valorisation Locale (SGVL) du programme ZoNéCo. Les secondes le sont à l'IRD. Pour chacune d'elles, une procédure de création de sites INTERNET est en cours. Le problème majeur rencontré par le programme fut la disponibilité en personnel. En effet, avec une moyenne de 6 personnes, dont un chercheur et un ingénieur d'étude à plein temps, les effectifs ne dépassèrent jamais un total de 9! Le programme disposa en moyenne de 318 kFlan, dont 40 % sur fonds IRD et 60 % sur financements extérieurs. Les financements extérieurs furent de trois types: FIDES section locale du Territoire de Nouvelle-Calédonie, programme ZoNéCo et, dans une moindre mesure, MAE. Le nombre de publications réalisées par les ressortissants du programme a été de 214, dont 139 pour lesquelles le premier auteur est un membre du programme.
Lemaitre, Rafael, Crosnier, Alain, 1999, Crustacea Decapoda: A review of the species of the genus Parapagurus Smith, 1879 (Parapaguridae) from the Pacific and Indian Oceans, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 20, 180, 303-378
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the deep-water hermit crab species of the genus Parapagurus Smith, 1879 from the Indian and Pacific Oceans is presented based on abundant samples obtained during French expeditions to the New Caledonia region, and supplemented with extensive material deposited in various major museums and institutions throughout the world. A total of 14 species were found to occur in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Of these seven are new, P. richeri sp. nov., P. furici sp. nov., P. stenorhinus sp. nov., P. saintlaurentae sp. nov., P. janetae sp. nov., P. foraminosus sp. nov., and P. woljfi sp. nov.; and three, P. abyssorum (Filhol, 1885), P. bouvieri Stebbing, 1910, and P. andreui Macpherson, 1984, include parts of the Atlantic Ocean in their distribution. The new species are fully described and illustrated; all previously known species are diagnosed or in the case of one obscurely defined species, P. holihuisi Lemaitre, 1989, redescribed. Information on morphological variations is included for the most abundant species, and a key to aid in the identification of all 14 species is given. Of the seven new species, P. richeri sp. nov. and P. furici sp. nov., were found in the New Caledonia region but are also distributed elsewhere in the Indo-Pacific; P. saintlaurentae sp. nov. and P. stenorhinus sp. nov., have been found exclusively in the Indian Ocean; and P. janetae sp. nov., P. foraminosus sp. nov., and P. wolffi sp. nov., exclusively in the eastern Pacific. As result of this study, the genus now contains 17 species, of which P. pilosimanus Smith, 1879, P. nudus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1891), and P. alaminos Lemaitre, 1986, are so far known only from the Atlantic Ocean. The bathymétrie distribution of all species in the genus is summarized.
Vidal, Jacques, 1999, Taxonomic review of the elongated cockles: Genera Trachycardium, Vasticardium and Acrosterigma (Mollusca, Cardiidae), Zoosystema, 21, 2, 259-335
Résumé [+] [-]The cardiids of the subfamily Trachycardiinae Stewatt, 1930 (sensu Keen, 1969, genus Papyridea excluded), are reviewed, with special attention given to the geneta Trachycardium, Acrosterigma, and Vasticardium. No change is proposed here to the relatively well-defined taxonomy of Trachycardium, consideted to be exclusively American, with six subgenera, nor to the American Acrosterigma. In contrast, the generic taxonomy of the Indo-Pacific Trachycardiinae, quasi-randomly distributed by authors among the three genera cited above, was not clear and is reevaluated. All of the species are regrouped here into two genera Vasticardium and Acrosterigma which receive clear and usable definitions. The American genus Trachycardium differs widely from them in both hinge and rib morphology. The two genera Vasticardium and Acrosterigma are distinguished mainly by rib motphology. These three genera are now grouped in the subfamily Cardiinae. In several previous articles, I have analyzed in detail the genus Vasticardium, including fifteen Recent species. The results are summarized here. The genus Acrosterigma is represented in America by several fossil species and two Recent species; in the Indo-Pacific, where no general study has previously been undettaken, it is represented by several fossil species (one new) and twenty-five Recent species, of which nine are new; these species are divided into six species-groups. Neotypes ate proposed for Cardium magnum Linné, 1758 and Cardium biradiatum Bruguière, 1789 and lectotypes for Cardium laevigatum Linné, 1758, Cardium serratum Linné, 1758, and Cardium marmoreum Lamarck, 1819.
Ahyong, Shane T., Mihara, Eiji, Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Pisces Pleuronectiformes: Flatfishes from New Caledonia and adjacent waters. Genus Arnoglossus, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 783-813
Résumé [+] [-]Species of the bothid genus Arnoglossus collected from waters around New Caledonia are reviewed. Seven species, including two new species, two new zoogeographical records and three species already recorded from the region were identified, being Arnoglossus septemventralis sp. nov. and A. nigrifrons sp. nov., A. tenuis, A. elongatus, and A. macrolophus, A. japonicus and A. polyspilus, respectively. Arnoglossus septemventralis sp. nov., described from ten specimens collected between 230-315 m off southern New Caledonia, is easily separable from all other members of the genus in having seven pelvic rays on both sides. Arnoglossus nigrifrons sp. nov., described from two specimens collected from 300-315 m on the Chesterfield Plateau and northwest of New Caledonia, is characterized by a rounded upper head profile, several anterior dorsal fm rays elongated in males, gill rakers without serrations and a darkened head region. Arnoglossus tenuis, collected from 10-16 m off New Caledonia, was previously known from southern Japan to the South China Sea, and A. elongatus, from 250-350 m off New Caledonia, previously only from the Madura Sea and northwestern Australia. Arnoglossus macrolophus was collected from relatively shallow waters (49-92 m) off New Caledonia, and A. japonicus and A. polyspilus from deeper waters (210-385 m) off New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands and Chesterfield Plateau.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., 2000, The anatomy and systematics of Latiromitra, a genus of tropical deep-water Ptychatractinae (Gastropoda : Turbinellidae), The Veliger, 43, 1, 1-23
Résumé [+] [-]The anatomy of Latiromitra Locard, 1897, is very similar to that of other representatives of the Ptychatractinae, notably in the short or very short proboscis, the presence of an accessory salivary gland, the ventral odontophoral retractor passing through the nerve ring, and the position of the buccal mass at the proboscis base in contracted position. Latiromitra differs from Ceratoxancus by its fused salivary glands (clearly separate in Ceratoxancus). Based on anatomical and conchological characters, Cyomesus Quinn, 1981, and Okinawavoluta Noda, 1980, are confirmed and/or placed in the synonymy of Latiromitra. The genus currently comprises 10 Recent and Neogene species, three in the Atlantic, and seven in the Indo-West Pacific, all in deep water at low latitudes. Teramachia chaunax Bayer, 1971, is placed in the synonymy of Latiromitra cryptodon (P. Fischer, 1882), and the Recent Benthovoluta sakashitai Habe, 1976, is placed in the synonymy of the Pliocene Latiromitra okinavensis (MacNeil, 1961). Volutomitra? vitilevensis Ladd, 1982 is placed in Latiromitra. Three new species are described: Latiromitra paiciorum sp. nov. (New Caledonia, 960-1100 m), L. cacozeliana sp. nov. (Vanuatu, 536-775 m), and L. crosnieri sp. nov. (Madagascar and NE of Fiji, 600-800 m). In addition, Mitra styliola Dall, 1927, from off Georgia, USA, is tentatively referred to Latiromitra.
Burukovsky, Rudolf N., 2000, Taxonomy of Nematocarcinus (Decapoda, Nematocarcinidae). 1. Description of disto-ventral organ and revision of N. productus, N. tenuipes, N. intermedius, N. parvidentatus, N. longirostris, and N. proximatus, Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 79, 2, 161-170
Résumé [+] [-]An unknown hitherto disto-ventral organ of the sixth abdominal segment in shrimps is described. This organ is a complex of twin sections of modified integument and related rows of setas. It is of great taxonomic importance. The presence of this organ allows one to ascertain that typical series of some species from this genus is a mixture of various species. The revision of six species, determined by Bate (1888), resulted in reduction of N. intermedius and N. parvidentatus to the synonyms, N. productus Bate, 1888 and N. tenuipes Bate, 1888, respectively. Diagnoses of N. productus, N. tenuipes, and N. proximatus are making more exact. N. serratirostris Burukovsky, 1991 is considered as a synonym of N. tenuipes.
Burukovsky, Rudolf N., 2000, Taxonomy of shrimps from the genus Nematocarcinus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Nematocarcinidae). 4. Description of species from tenuirostris group, Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 79, 8, 898-906
Résumé [+] [-]The description and comparative characteristic of three vicariated Indo-West Pacific species from the genus Nematocarcinus (N. tenuirostris Bate 1888 and N. pseudocersor Burukovsky, 1990 are previously known; N. alisae Burukovsky s. n. is new) are given. They are distinguished from other known species of the genus by similarity in structure of the distro-ventral organ of the 6th abdominal segment. In these species, spots of the distro-ventral organ are located on an original protuberance forming in the distal quarter of ventral segment surface - blister. The spots are always located in close proximity to each other. These species are primarily distinguished by their rostrum structure.
- Burukovsky, Rudolf N., 2000, Taxonomy of shrimps from the genus Nematocarcinus (Decapoda, Nematocarcinidae). 6. Redescription of species from the groups undulatipes and gracilis with descriptions of two new species, Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 79, 10, 1155-1167
Castro, Peter, Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: A revision of the Indo-West Pacific species of palicid crabs (Brachyura Palicidae)), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 437-610
Résumé [+] [-]The taxonomy of the crabs belonging to the family Palicidae Bouvier, 1898 from the Indo-west Pacific region is revised. On the basis of extensive material collected by French expeditions in the Coral Sea and other regions of the Pacific and Indian oceans, as well as material from numerous museums, including most of the types, the present study recognizes two subfamilies, 10 genera, and 43 species. Of these taxa, four are new genera: Exopalicus, Miropalicus, Paliculus, and Rectopalicus. Manella is synonymized with Crossotonotus A. Milne Edwards, 1873. Parapleurophricoides Nobili, 1906, sometimes believed to be a palicid, is a xanthoid and it is removed from the Palicidae. Nine nominal species described by previous authors are synonymized and an additional 17 species are described.
Galil, Bella S., Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: Review of the genera and species of the family Polychelidae Wood-Mason, 1874, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 285-387
Résumé [+] [-]The polychelids are large, uncommon, primitive decapods that inhabit the depths of the world oceans down to 5000 m, between latitudes 50°N and 55°S. A study of major deep-sea collecdons led to a revision of the family. All genera and species are redescribed and extended synonymies given. Two new genera are established: Cardus, for Polycheles crucifer (Thomson, 1873) and Homeryon, for Polycheles asper Rathbun, 1906 and a new species, H. armarium. The genus Pentacheles Bate, 1878, is revived to include polychelids in which the epipod on third maxilliped is longer than the ischium: P. gibbus Alcock, 1894, P. laevis Bate, 1878, P. obscurus Bate, 1878, P. synderi (Rathbun, 1906) and P. validus A. Milne Edwards, 1880. Stereomastis Bate, 1888 is considered a synonym of Polycheles Heller, 1862. Willemoesia Grote, 1873 is retained with but four species: W. forceps A. Milne Edwards, 1880, W. inornata Faxon, 1893, W. leptodactyla (Willemoes-Suhm, 1875), and W. pacifica Sund, 1920. In all, thirty-two species are recognized, including six new species. The bathymétrie and geographic ranges are amended and discussed. A key to the genera and species of the family is provided.
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: Porcellanopagurus Filhol and Solitariopagurus Türkay (Paguridae), from the New Caledonia area, Vanuatu and the Marquesas: new records, new species, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 389-414
Résumé [+] [-]The very interesting and rather specialized hermit crab genera Porcellanopagurus and Solitariopagurus are represented in collections from the MUSORSTOM cruises to New Caledonia and the Marquesas by four species of the former and three of the latter. Among the species of Porcellanopagurus, three species, P. tridentatus Whitelegge, P. filholi de Saint Laurent & McLaughlin, and P. chiltoni de Saint Laurent & McLaughlin have heretofore been reported only from Australia and New Zealand; P. haptodactylus sp. nov. is a distinctive species, new to science. Solitariopagurus triprobulus Poupin& McLaughlin is reported for the first time beyond the islands of French Polynesia, and the range of S. tuerkayi McLaughlin is extended from the Kai and Tanimbar Island of Indonesia to New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Okinawa. A new species, S. trullirostris sp. nov., is described from New Caledonia and the Marquesas. The similarities and differences of the two new genera are elucidated, and an apparently rare attribute, a terminal anus, common to some species of both is discussed. The new species are fully described and illustrated, while diagnoses and illustrations of principal diagnostic characters are provided for the previously described species. Keys to the Indo- and western Pacific species of Porcellanopagurus and to the genus Solitariopagurus are included.
Merrett, Nigel R., Iwamoto, Tomio, Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Pisces Gadiformes: Grenadier Fishes of the New Caledonian region, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Taxonomy and distribution with ecological notes, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 723-781
Résumé [+] [-]We reported in an earlier paper the great species richness of the grenadier fauna (families Bathygadidae and Macrouridae) from recent bathyal trawl collections made mainly during MUSORSTOM cruises in the New Caledonian region. Here we add information from further samples to complement earlier taxonomic findings, and descriptions of 2 new species, together with comments on species, distribution and ecology. Thus a total of 2055 specimens from 221 samples examined representing 20 genera and 63 species were found to have closest similarity in composition with New South Wales, Western Australia and New Zealand. As expected, dissimilarity increased with distance from New Caledonia. Four genera dominated in species richness: Caelorinchus (17), Hymenocephalus (8), Nezumia (5) and Ventrifossa (6), comprising 2/3 of the total fauna. The generic make-up of the faunas closest to New Caledonia were most consistent with that region; propordons varied radically from there in the more distant regions invesdgated. Bathymetrically, the smaller trawls of the MUSORSTOM surveys collected grenadiers over a range of tows shallower than that reflected by the commercial gear used on the HALIPRO 2 cruise, with a generally smaller size of fish sampled. Co-occurrence of grenadier species within similar depth strata on the slope was remarkably high, with only two of the 63 species not represented, at least over part of their depth range, in the upper 1600 m. Species richness peaked at 37 in both the 700 and 800 tn strata, although it did not drop below 20 across the depth range 400-1100 m and reduced substantially only deeper than 1400 m.
- Ng, Peter K.L., 2000, THE DEEP-WATER SWIMMING CRABS OF THE GENUS BENTHOCHASCON (DECAPODA: BRACHYURA: PORTUNIDAE), WITH DESCRIPTION OF A NEW GENUS FOR THE AMERICAN B. SCHMIITI, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 20, Special number 2, 310–324
Dijkstra, Henk H., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Bathyal Pectinoidea (Bivalvia: Propeamussiidae, Entoliidae and Pectinidae) from Wallis and Futuna Islands, Vanuatu Archipelago and New Caledonia, Tropical Deep Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 73-95
Résumé [+] [-]Material from recent expeditions off Vanuatu and Wallis and Futuna islands (NE of Fiji) include new records of deep water Pectinoidea. The 20 species recorded from Vanuatu are shared with New Caledonia (80%), Indonesia (70%) and Wallis and Futuna (60%), and the 24 species recorded from Wallis and Futuna are shared with New Caledonia (75%), Indonesia (63%) and Vanuatu (54%). Parvamussium musorstomi sp. novo is described from Wallis and Futuna. The New Caledonia records of Propeamussium maorium are revised and reidentified as P. investigatoris. Parvamussium cristatellum and Propeamussium siratama are recorded and P. richeri sp. novo is described from New Caledonia. A lectotype is designated for Propeamussiwn jefjreysii.
Dolin, Luc, Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Les Triviidae (Mollusca : Caenogastropoda) de l’Indo-Pacifique : Révision des genres Trivia, Dolichupis et Trivellona, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 201-241
Résumé [+] [-]The Indo-Pacific species of Trivia, Dolichupis and Trivellona are revised, based on the most abundant and comprehensive material ever brought together and reveals a previously unsuspected diversity of Triviinae in the upper bathyal zone (200-500 m) of the tropical West Pacific. The description of this fauna gives an opportunity to reevaluate the validity of numerous species- and genus-group taxa recognized earlier, both in the littoral and deep water zones. The present paper deals with Trivia Broderip, 1837, Decoriatrivia Cate, 1979, Dolichupis Iredale, 1930, and Trivellona Iredale, 1931. A forthcoming study will deal with Trivirostra Jousseaume, 1884, Cleotrivia Iredale, 1930, and Semitrivia Cossmann, 1903. By First Reviser action, Ellatrivia Iredale, 1931 is given precedence over Fossatrivia Iredale, 193 I . Decoriatrivia is treated as a subgenus of Trivia; Dolichupis is regarded as generically distinct from Pusula; the nominal genus Pseudotrivia is synonymized with Trivellona. Trivia (T.) cylindrica sp. novo from the Philippines, and Trivia (T.) vitrosphaera sp. nov., from New Caledonia, represent the first records of Trivia (T.) in the Indo-Pacific. Their deep-water occurrence contrasts with that of the six or so species from the littoral of the temperate and tropical eastern Atlantic. Dolichupis malvabasis sp. nov., a deep water species from the Philippines, is closely related to the type species and sole other representative of Dolichupis, D. producta (Gaskoin, 1836). Nine named and six new species are recognized in Trivellona: T. bulla sp. nov., T. conjonctiva sp. nov., T. oligopleura sp. nov., T. syzygia sp. novo and T. galea sp. nov., all from New Caledonia, and T. eglantina sp. novo from the Philippines. Trivia valerieae Hart, 1996 [= Erato tetatua Hart, 1996, syn. Nov.; First Reviser] is treated as a SW Pacific subspecies of T. paucicostata (Schepman, 1909); T. Shimajiriiensis McNeil, 1961, described from the Pliocene of Okinawa, is now recorded in the Recent fauna of the Philippines. Pusula niasensis Wissema, 1948 is a new synonym of Dolichupis producta (Gaskoin, 1836), Pseudotrivia sagamiensis KUI'oda & Habe, 1971 is a new synonym of T. sibogae (Schepman, 1909), and Fossatrivia suduirauti Lorenz, 1996 is a new synonym of T. speciosa (Kuroda & Cate, 1979). Three nominal species described by Cate (1979) supposedly from the Philippines are shown to be wrongly localized and synonyms of Atlantic taxa: Pseudotrivia samarensis is synonymized with Trivia (T.) arctica (Pulteney, 1799) from Europe, and Pseudotrivia dumaliensis and Niveria (Cleotrivia) aquatanica are both synonymized with Niveria (N) nix Schilder, 1922 from the Caribbean. Decoriatrivia halians Cate, 1979 and D. but'ius Cate, 1979 are both synonymized with Trivia (Decoriatrivia) pauci!irata Sowerby, 1870 from the Panamic Province.
Galil, Bella S., 2001, A revision of the genus Arcania Leach, 1817 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Leucosioidea), Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden), 75, 11, 169-206
Résumé [+] [-]A study of major collections led to a revision of the Indo-Pacific leucosioid genus Arcania Leach, 1817. Ixoides cornutus MacGilchrist, 1905 is recognized as belonging to the genus, and four new species are established: A. echinata, A. foliolata, A. muricata and A. fungilifera; in all, fifteen Arcania species are recognized. All species are described and illustrated, extended synonymies are given, and a key for their identification is provided.
Houart, Roland, Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Ingensia gen. nov. and eleven new species of Muricidae (Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 243-269
Résumé [+] [-]Maculotriton ingens Houart, 1987 is transfen'ed from Ergalataxinae to Ingensia gen. novo in Muricinae. Phyllocoma Tapparone Canefri, 1881 is tentatively assigned to Muricinae, and Pagodula Monterosato, 1884, a hitherto Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic monotypic genus, is here used to include several Indo-West Pacific, eastern, and western Atlantic species formerly assigned to Trophonopsis Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882 or to Trophon S. l. Additional records of previously described and I or recorded species of Pterynotus Swainson, 1833, Actinotrophon Dall, 1902, Leptotrophon Houart, 1995, and Pagodula Monterosato, 1884 from the New Caledonia region are noted. Eleven new species are described. Five are representatives of Muricinae: Pterynotus (Pterynotus) rubidus sp. nov., Dermomurex (Trialatella) triclotae sp. nov., and Ingensia brithys gen. novo and sp. nov., from New Caledonia, Phyllocoma platyca sp. novo from off Wallis Island, and Poirieria (Actinotrophon) tenuis sp. novo from Vanuatu and off Wallis; one is a muricopsine: Muricopsis (Murexsul) micra sp. novo from New Caledonia; four are trophonine: Leptotrophon alis sp. nov., L. chlidanos sp. nov., L. perclarus sp. nov., and Pagodula procera sp. nov., from New Caledonia; one is a rapanine: Thais (Mancinella) grossa sp. nov., from New Caledonia and Vanuatu.
Kantor, Yuri I., Bouchet, Philippe, Oleinik, Anton, 2001, A revision of the Recent species of Exilia, formerly Benthovoluta (Gastropoda: Turbinellidae)., Ruthenica, 11, 2, 81-136
Résumé [+] [-]The range of shell characters (overall shape, sculpture, columellar plaits, protoconchs) exhibited by fossil and Recent species placed in Exilia Conrad, 1860, Mitraefusus Bellardi, 1873, Mesorhytis Meek, 1876, Surculina Dall, 1908, Phenacoptygma Dall, 1918, Palaeorhaphis Stewart, 1927, Zexilia Finlay, 1926, Graphidula Stephenson, 1941, Benthovoluta Kuroda et Habe, 1950, and Chathamidia Dell, 1956 and the anatomy of the Recent species precludes separation of more than one genus. Consequently all of these nominal genera are synonymised with Exilia, with a stratigraphical range from Late Cretaceous to Recent. Anatomically, Exilia is similar to other ptychatractine genera, but is characterized by a stomach with a long, narrow caecum, a penis with terminal fold surrounding the seminal papilla, and a radula with rachidian teeth with broad lateral flaps. Recent species of Exilia are restricted to deep water at middle to low latitudes in the Indian and Pacific oceans. Exilia hilgendorfi (Martens, 1897) is treated as a species highly variable within its broad IndoPacific distribution, with Benthovoluta gracilior Rehder, 1967, B. claydoni Harasewych, 1987, and B. prellei Bozzetti, 200 I considered local variants. Three new species are described: Exilia graphiduloides sp. nov. (New Caledonia, 520 m), E. vagrans sp. nov. (West and SW Pacific, 865-1280 m), and E. kiwi sp. nov. (New Zealand, 1386-1676 m).
- Krylova, Elena M., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Septibranchiate molluscs of the family Poromyidae (Bivalvia: Poromyoidae) from the tropical western Pacific Ocean, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 165-200
Lamprell, Kevin L., Healy, John M., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Spondylidae (Bivalvia) from New Caledonian and adjacent waters, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 111-163
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty-two species of Spondylus (Spondylidae) including eight previously undescribed, are recorded from material collected off New Caledonia and adjacent waters. Most of the species live in shallow water in coral reef and lagoonal environments, but at least four species have their main distribution at depths around 200 m, with one species occurring at 700 m. Spondylus exiguus sp. novo is the smallest known species in the family, with a maximum size of 6.4 mm. Spondylus flabellum Reeve, 1856 is placed into the synonymy of S. anacanthus Mawe, 1823. Confusion surrounding usage of the names Spondylus anacanthus and S. sanguineus Dunker, 1852 is finally resolved. The name Spondylus anacanthus, which has previously been applied to S. occidens Sowerby, 1903, is shown to be a prior and validly proposed name for S. sanguineus. Despite being well figured by MAWE, the absence of any documented type material for Spondylus anacanthus necessitates the establishment of a neotype for this species. Lectotypes are designated for Spondylus albibarbatus, S. butleri, S. castus, S. flabellum, S. ocellatus, S. pacificus, S. plurispinosus, and S. rubicundus, all of Reeve, 1856. By First Reviser action, the name Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793 is given precedence over S. pseudochama Schreibers, 1793.
Sirenko, Boris I., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Deep-sea chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from sunken wood off New Calednodia and Vanuatu, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 39-71
Résumé [+] [-]Chitons of the order Lepidopleurida are a regular, and sometimes abundant, component of deep-sea faunas associated with sunken wood and other plant debris. Eleven species are known from off New Caledonia (6 species) and Vanuatu (10 species), at depths between 110 and 2340 m. These show discrete bathymetric segregation, but up to three species of Leptochiton may cooccur in the same haul. Five new species and one subspecies are described: Leptochiton boucheti sp. nov., L. deforgesi sp. nov., L. vanbellei sp. nov., L. saitoi sp. nov., L. thandari sp. nov., and Ferreiraella xylophaga karenaessp. Novo Beside sunken plant remains, species of Leptochitonidae are known from reduced environments, both in shallow and deep water, and it is open to speculation whether sunken wood represent the ancestral habitat from which the family radiated, or whether sunken wood represents a secondary habitat that was invaded sometime during the Mesozoic.
Sysoev, Alexander V., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, New and uncommon turriform gastropods (Gastropoda:Conoidea) from the South-West Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 271-320
Résumé [+] [-]Several hundred species of turriform gastropods (Drilliidae, Turridae, Conidae) have been collected at bathyal depths in New Caledonia and other South-West Pacific archipelagoes. Seventeen new species are here described in the genera Drillia (Drilliidae), Inquisitor, Funa, Zemacies, Comitas (Turridae), Benthofascis, Bathytomq Glyphostoma, Daphnella, Spergo, Gymnobela, Teretiopsis, and Rocroithys gen. Novo (Conidae). The genus Zemacies, until now known from Paleocene to Pliocene deposits in New Zealand and Australia, is recognized for the first time in the Recent fauna, and includes Z. excelsa sp. Novo from New Caledonia, and Z. queenslandica (Powell, 1969) comb. nov., from Queensland to Papua. Benthofascis lozoueti sp. Nov., from the Norfolk Ridge, is the second confirmed species of the genus. Bathytoma boholica Parth, 1994 is synonymized with B. atractoides (Watson, 1881), and the validity of B. hedlandensis Tippett & Kosuge, 1994 is questioned. The range of Spergo fusiformis (Kuroda & Habe, 1961), hitherto known only from Japan, is shown to extend to Madagascar and the South-West Pacific. Daphnella itonis, which has been known under that name in the Japanese literature for more than 40 years, is formally described for the first time, based on specimens from New Caledonia. The species has very long radular teeth and, like molluscivorous species of cones, appears to be feeding on gastropods.
Valdés, Ángel, 2001, Deep-sea cryptobranch dorid nudibranchs (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia) from the tropical West Pacific, with descriptions of two new genera and eighteen new species, Malacologia, 43, 1-2, 237-311
Résumé [+] [-]The study of a large collection of cryptobranch dorid nudibranchs from deep waters in New Caledonia and the Philippines revealed the presence of Austrodods kerguelenensis (Bergh, 1884); 18 new species belonging to the genera Cadlina, Austrodoris, Geitodods, Discodoris, Peltodoris, Paradoris, Diaulula, Rostanga, Sclerodoris, Baptodoris and Dendrodoris, and two previously undescribed genera, Goslineria and Pharodoris, The anatomy of all these species, including the digestive, reproductive, and nervous system, are studied in detail. All these species are clearly distinguishable from other members of their genera. Most of the species have a pale, simple background coloration, and two of them lack eyes. Both characteristics seem to be adaptations to living in deep waters. Other deep-water Atlantic and Pacific species of dorid nudibranchs have similar adaptations. The two new genera are characterized by the presence of large copulatory spines, numerous flexible spines in Goslineria, and two solid, bifid spines in Pharodoris. No other cryptobranch dorid genera previously described have similar copulatory spines. Some of the species here described belong to genera previously reported from cold or temperate waters, such as Austrodoris, Cadlina and Diaulula. Most of the species belong to genera that are widespread in either cold, temperate or tropical waters (Rostanga, Paradoris, Geitodods and Baptodoris), and only two belong to exclusively tropical genera (Sclerodoris and Dendrodoris). Vicariant events and vertical dispersal could explain the processes of speciation and the origin of these deep-water species.
Valdés, Ángel, Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Deep-water phyllidiid nudibranchs (Gastropoda: Phyllidiidae) from the tropical south-west Pacific Ocean, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 331-368
Résumé [+] [-]Material collected by deep-sea expeditions in the south-west Pacific Ocean reveals a previously unrecognized radiation of the family Phyllidiidae into deeper waters, with a couple of species having a bathymetric range confined below 500 m. Whereas the shallow-water « 100 m) radiation consists mainly of species of Phyllidia, species of Phyllidiopsis make over 70% of the fauna in the 100-500 m interval, and the only two taxa recorded in the 500-750 m interval are species of Phyllidiopsis. A parallel pattern is observed in the Atlantic. There are no consistent anatomical differences between congeneric shallow and deep-water species, but taxa from deeper water are paler and have a simpler dorsal morphology. Twelve new species are described: Phyllidia orstomi sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge, 270-300 m), Phyllidiopsis brunckhorsti sp. novo (New Caledonia, 290350 m), P. anomalasp. Novo (Norfolk and Loyalty Ridges, 240-310 m), P. holothuriana sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge and Vanuatu, 110-240 m), P. macrotuberculata sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge, 270-300 m), P. futunai sp. novo (off Futuna 1., NE of Fiji, 165 245 m),P. crucifera sp. novo (off Futuna 1.,105-160 m), P. lozoueti sp. Novo (Norfolk Ridge, 235 m), P. richeri sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge, 510-750 m), P. circularis sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge, 510-530 m), P. vanuatuensis sp. novo (off Tanna 1., Vanuatu, 410 m), and P. neocaledonica sp. novo (New Caledonia, 315 m). Phyllidia varicosa var.quadrilineata Bergh, 1905, unrecorded since its description from the Flores Sea, Indonesia, is recognized as a valid species of Phyllidiopsis and recorded from Vanuatu in 160 -180 m.
Valdés, Ángel, Gosliner, Terrence M., 2001, Systematics and phylogeny of the caryophyllidia-bearing dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia), with descriptions of a new genus and four new species from Indo-Pacific deep waters, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 133, 2, 103-198
doi: 10.1006/zjls.2000.0261 Résumé [+] [-]The phylogenetic relationships of the caryophyllidia-bearing dorids are studied, based on the examination of the type species of all the genera previously described. The phylogenetic hypothesis supports that the caryophyllidia-bearing dorids are a monophyletic group and the sister group of the clade formed by Asteronotus Ehrenberg, 1831 and Halgerda Bergh, 1880. Several genera previously considered as valid or regarded as uncertain are here synonymized: Peronodoris Bergh, 1904, Trippa Bergh, 1877, Phlegmodoris Bergh, 1878, Petelodoris Bergh, 1881, Kentrodoris Bergh, 1876, Audura Bergh, 1878, Centrodoris P. Fischer, 1883, Anisodoris Bergh, 1898, Awuka Er. Marcus, 1955, Rhabdochila P. Fischer, 1883, Boreodoris Odhner, 1939, Dictyodoris Bergh, 1880, Gravieria Vayssière, 1912, Aporodoris Ihering, 1886. The following genera are regarded as valid: Asteronotus, Atagema J.E. Gray, 1850, Jorunna Bergh, 1876, Platydoris Bergh, 1877, Diaulula Bergh, 1878, Rostanga Bergh, 1879, Halgerda Bergh, 1880, Baptodoris Bergh, 1884, Gargamella Bergh, 1894, Alloiodoris Bergh, 1904, Sclerodoris Eliot, 1904, Taringa Er. Marcus, 1955, Thorybopus Bouchet, 1977. The new genus Nophodoris is described based on two new species from New Caledonia deep waters. Two additional new species from New Caledonia belonging to the genera Atagema and Gargamella are also described. Nomenclatural and taxonomic problems are discussed, and several type species, neotypes and lectotypes are selected.
Crosnier, Alain, 2002, Révision du genre Parathranites Miers, 1886 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Portunidae), Zoosystema, 24, 4, 799-825
Résumé [+] [-]Based on rather abundant material from the Indo-West Pacific, the number of species in the genus Parathranites Miers, 1886 is elevated from two to eight. The six new species are P. granosus n. sp., P. tuberosus n. sp., P. tuberogranosus n. sp., P. ponens n. sp., P. intermedius n. sp. and P. parahexagonum n. sp. Examination of the type series of the type species for the genus, P. orientalis Miers, 1886, shows that it contains two species; a lectotype is designated for P. orientalis. The main morphological characters used for differentiating the species are the breadth/length ratio of the carapace (correlated with the length of the fifth anterolateral teeth of the carapace) which can vary from 1.3 to 2.1, the presence or absence of a median tubercle on the posterior part of the cardiac area, the granulation of the carapace and the shape of the first male pleopods. An identification key for members of this genus is proposed.
Holthuis, Lipke Bydeley, 2002, The Indo-Pacific scyllarine lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae), Zoosystema, 24, 3, 499-683
Résumé [+] [-]A revision is provided of the Indo-Pacific species of the subfamily Scyllarinae. All of these species were formerly placed in the genus Scyllarus Fabricius, 1775, but a closer study revealed that several genera could be distinguished within the subfamily. The 13 new genera now recognized in the Indo-Pacific biogeographic region are as follows: Acantharctus n. gen., Antarctus n. gen., Antipodarctus n. gen., Bathyarctus n. gen., Biarctus n. gen., Chelarctus n. gen., Crenarctus n. gen., Eduarctus n. gen., Galearctus n. gen., Gibbularctus n. gen., Petrarctus n. gen., Remiarctus n. gen. and Scammarctus n. gen. Diagnoses and keys are provided for all the genera and their species. New and insufficiently known species have been described extensively, for the others additional morphological details are given. New species are: Bathyarctus chani n. gen., n. sp., B. steatopygus n. gen., n. sp., Petrarctus veliger n. gen., n. sp., Chelarctus crosnieri n. gen., n. sp., Eduarctus pyrrhonotus n. gen., n. sp., E. marginatus n. gen., n. sp., E. perspicillatus n. gen., n. sp. and E. reticulatus n. gen., n. sp. Furthermore efforts were made to provide each species with a complete synonymy, a description of the colour, its biology, habitat and geographical distribution. All the material examined is listed in detail. Where appropriate, remarks are provided on nomenclature, published data on the larval development and other topics.
Lorenz, Felix, 2002, New worldwide Cowries. Descriptions of new taxa and revisions of selected groups of living Cypraeidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), ConcBooks, 19
Résumé [+] [-]This book describes taxa of cowries, some of which are new to science; others have to date been known only by taxonomically invalid forma-names: valid species: aenigma, colligata, deforgesi. New species by revision and promoting of rank: valid species: aenigma, colligata, deforgesi. New species by revision and lifting of rank: boucheti, gilvella, johnsonorum. New subspecies: caurica samoensis, citrina dauphinensis, coronata debruini, decipiens suprasinum, exmouthensis abrolhoensis, e. magnifica, jeaniana thalamega, katsuae guidoi, maculifera martybealsi, m. scindata, mappa admirabilis, teramachii polyphemus, langfordi cavatoensis, stolida brianoi, subteres violacincta, teres janae, and new subspecies by taxonomic validation: bregeriana pervelata, cinerea brasilensis, connelli peelae, cribraria australiensis, exmouthensis rottnestensis, fimbriata marquesana, fuscodentata grohorum, f sphaerica, mappa aliwalensis, pellucens panamensis, porteri nigromaculata, rosselli latistoma, r. satiata, scurra mundula, teramachii neocaledonica. Taxonomically valid names of other authors are elevated to species rank: exmouthensis, geographica, pellucens, and in some cases, to subspecies rank: cribraria zadela, fuscorubra gondwanalandensis, teres alveolus. Some genera and species-complexes are discussed in detail: the Leporicypraea mappacomplex, some species of the deep-water genus Nesiocypraea, the Western Australian members of Cribrarula, the genus Cypraeovula and its zoogeography, Erronea caurica and its subspecies, and the Blasicrura (Talostolida) teres species-complex. The distributions of all new taxa and related species-complexes are shown. In an illustrated checklist, all species, subspecies and commonly used forma-names of the living Cypraeidae are listed, including the new species and subspecies described herein.
- Castro, Peter, Williams, Austin B., Cooper, Lara L., 2003, Revision of the family Latreilliidae Stimpson, 1858 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Zoosystema, 25, 4, 601-634
Crosnier A., 2003, Sicyonia (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeoidea, Sicyoniidae) de l’Indo-ouest Pacifique, Zoosystema, 25, 2, 197-348
Résumé [+] [-]This work deals with 31 species of Sicyonia H. Milne Edwards, 1830, based on the collections made by the IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, and on the collections of 28 other museums. Nineteen species are considered valid: S. australiensis Hanamura Wadley, 1998; S. benthophila de Man, 1907; S. bispinosa de Haan, 1850; S. curvirostris Balss, 1913; S. fallax de Man, 1907; S. furcata Miers, 1878; S. inflexa (Kubo, 1949); S. japonica Balss, 1914; S. laevis Bate, 1881; S. lancifer (Olivier, 1811); S. longicauda Rathbun, 1906; S. nasica Burukovsky, 1990; S. ocellata Stimpson, 1860; S. parafallax Crosnier, 1995; S. parvula de Haan, 1850; S. rectirostris de Man, 1907; S. trispinosa de Man, 1907; S. truncata (Kubo, 1949) and S. vitulans (Kubo, 1949). Four species are considered to be synonyms: S. cristata (de Haan, 1844) = S. lancifer; S. formosa (Chan & Yu, 1985) = S. furcata; S. ommanneyi Hall, 1961 = S. ocellata; S. nebulosa Kubo, 1949 = S. laevis. Twelve species are described as new: S. abathophila n. sp., S. adunca n. sp., S. altirostrum n. sp., S. dejouanneti n. sp., S. komai n. sp., S. longicornis n. sp., S. metavitulans n. sp., S. parajaponica n. sp., S. robusta n. sp., S. rocroi n. sp., S. rotunda n. sp. and S. taiwanesis n. sp. Some forms, near S. australiensis and S. dejouanneti n. sp., are mentioned but not named because the material available is insufficient. An attempt is made to classify the Indo-West Pacific species of Sicyonia into eight groups. Some groups are coherent, while others are certainly artificial. Some species cannot be placed in any of the groups and the placement of several species known from one sex only remains hazardous. An identification key is presented. Particular care was taken in illustrating the genitalia, which provide the most important characters for recognizing the species. Colour photographs show the coloration of living specimens of 17 species. Depth zones and geographic distributions of all the species are presented in tabular form. As with previous studies, high species diversity of the Philippines-Indonesia fauna is evident, as well as the reduction of the number of species when one moves away from the area, except for New Caledonian area because of the unusually high h density of the samples collected in this area.
Fraussen, Koen, Hadorn, Roland, 2003, Six new Buccinidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Novapex, 4, 2-3, 33-50
Résumé [+] [-]Serratifusus Darragh, 1969 comprises five Récent species, ail from New Caledonia, of which three are described as new: Serratifusus excelens sp. Nov., S. harasewychi sp. Nov. And 5. sitanius sp. Nov. Formerly known from New Caledonia by only one species, the genus Euthria M. E. Gray, 1850 is enriched with three new species: Euthria cumulata sp. Nov., E. scepta sp. Nov. And E. solifer sp. Nov. "Siphonofusus" vicdani Kosuge, 1992, a species with uncertain generic placement, and previously only known from the Philippine Islands and Australia, is now recorded from off New Caledonia.
Féral, Jean-Pierre, David, Bruno, Stöhr, Sabine, O'Hara, Timothy D., 2003, Deep-sea ophiuroids of New Caledonia - a preliminary report, Echinoderm research 2001: proceedings of the sixth European Conference on Echinoderm Research, Banyuls-sur-Mer, France, 3-7 September 2001, 49-52
Résumé [+] [-]A short preliminary report ofan ongoing study of the New Caledonian deep-sea ophiuroid fatma is presented with a list of39 genera of79 species, including six previously undescribed species and a new gel1lls. Three species (Astrogynmotes hamishia Baker et al. , 2001, Astrothamnus sp., Ophioli/J/na antarctica (Lyman, 1879)) representing the main groups Ophiomyxidae, Euryalida, and Ophiacanthidae are presented briefly, illustrated with scanning electron micrographs, as examples of the Im·ger work that will be published elsewhere after the project will be finished.
Galil, Bella S., 2003, Four new genera of leucosiid crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura: Leucosiidae) for three new species and nine species previously in the genus Randallia Stimpson, 1857, with a redescription of the type species, R. ornata (Randall, 1939)., Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 116, 2, 395-422
Résumé [+] [-]A study of the leucosiid genus Randallia Stimpson, 1857, led to the description of four new genera: Tanaoa, for R. distincta Rathbun, 1893, R. pustulosa Wood-Mason, in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891, and a new species, T. nanus; Tokoyo for R. eburnea Alcock, 1896, and a new species, T. cirrata; Toru for R. granuloides Sakai, 1961, R. trituberculata Sakai, 1961, R. pila Tan, 1996, R. mesjatzevi Zarenkov, 1990, and a new species, T. septimus\ and Urashima, for R. lamellidentata Wood-Mason, 1892, and R. pustuloides Sakai, 1961. Randallia is restricted to its type species, R. ornata (Randall, 1839), and provisionally 12 other species currently placed in this genus pending further revision. All new genera are diagnosed and species assigned to them described or redescribed and illustrated; extended synonymies are given, and a key for species identification is provided. The type species, R. ornata, is redescribed.
Garcia, Emilio F., 2003, New records of Indo-Pacific Epitoniidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) with the description of nineteen new species, Novapex, Hors-série n° 1, 1-22
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty Indo-Pacific species of Epitoniidae are recorded, with range extensions for Acrilloscala xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903), Amaea gazeoides Kuroda & Habe, 1950, Cirsotrema rugosum (Kuroda & Ito, 1961), Cirsotrema plexis Dall, 1925, Claviscala solar Nakayama, 1995, Cylindriscala humerosa (Schepman, 1909), and Epitonium (Parviscala) bevdeynzerae Garcia, 2001. Nineteen new species are described. These include five species in the genus Amaea: A. apexroseus, A. boucheti, A. diluta, A. elegantula, A lennyi; one species in the genus Boreoscala: Boreoscala ponderosa; three species in the genus Cirsotrema : C (C.) excelsum, C. (Dannevigena) richeri, C. (Discoscala) herosae; two species in the genus Claviscala: C pellisanserina, C. vivienneae; one species in the genus Cylindriscala: Cylindriscala paradoxa; one species in the genus Gregorioiscala: Gregorioiscala nevillei; one species in the genus Gyroscala: Gyroscala Mikeleei; four species in the genus Epitonium: E. (Hirtoscala) deschampsi, E. (Lamelliscala) l11aestratii, E. (Parviscala) kastoroae, and E. (P) juanitae; one species in the genus Periapta: Periapta weili.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2003, The deep-water Indo-Pacific radiation of Fusinus (Chryseofusus subgen. nov.) (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae), Iberus, 21, 1, 207-240
Résumé [+] [-]A number of fusinids from the Indo-Pacific deep-water fauna are studied to get more insight in the distribution and variability. The subgenus Chryseofusus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae: Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815) is described as new to accommodate a number of species sharing conchological characteristics different from typical Fusinus. Their separation from Fusinus s.s. is based on differences in axial sculpture (usually absent on body whorl), spiral sculpture (weak, close-set, regular, crossed by distinct growth lines), shape (shorter spire, shorter siphonal canal, less convex whorls with subsutural concavity, less constricted suture) and parietal callus (inner lip smooth, parietal wall covered with an extended, adherent thin layer as callus). Fusinus (Chryseofusus) bradneri (Drivas and Jay, 1990), F. (C.) chrysodomoides (Schepman, 1911), F. (C.) graciliformis (Sowerby, 1880), F. (C.) hyphalus M. Smith, 1940, F. (C.) jurgeni Hadorn and Fraussen, 2002, F. (C.) kazdailisi Fraussen and Hadorn, 2000 and F. (C.) subangulatus (von Martens, 1901) are briefly described and their taxonomic placement in the new subgenus is discussed. To avoid further taxonomic complications, a lectotype is designated for the correct F. (C.) chrysodomoides. F. (C.) acherius (west Madagascar, Mozambique Channel, 1475-1530 m), F. (C.) alisae (north New Caledonia, 444-452 m), F. (C.) artutus (Philippines, Bohol, deep water), F. (C.) cadus (south New Caledonia, 460-470 m), F. (C.) dapsilis (Vietnam, deep water), F. (C.) riscus (New Caledonia, Norfolk Ridge, 394-401 m), F. (C.) scissus (south New Caledonia, 535 m), F. (C.) wareni ( New Caledonia, 480 m), and F. (C.) westralis (northwest Australia, off Port Hedland, 450 m) are described as new to science.
Bamber, Roger Norman, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, Pycnogonids (Arthropoda: Pycnogonida) from New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga: new records and new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 73-83
Résumé [+] [-]Pycnogonids material from the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, collected by French oceanographic campaigns to New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga in 1993, 1999 and 2000, is described. Of the thirteen species recorded, a new species of Colossendeis is described from Fiji and two new ammotheid species are described from New Caledonia, one in each of the genera Cilunculus and Dromedopycnon. In addition, Cilunculus scaurus, Anoplodactylus typhloides and Pycnogonum (Nulloviger) moniliferum are recorded for only the second time; the opportunity is taken to revise the description of the latter in the light of damage to som of the type specimens.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., 2004, New Caledonia: The major centre of biodiversity for volutomitrid molluscs (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Volutomitridae), Systematics and Biodiversity, 1, 4, 467-502
doi: 10.1017/S1477200003001282 Résumé [+] [-]Recent deep-sea explorations in the South Pacific have documented around New Caledonia the most diverse fauna of gastropods of the family Volutomitridae anywhere in the world. Fourteen species (nine new, two remaining unnamed) are recorded, all essentially confined to the 250–750 m depth range. The high number of species in the New Caledonia region does not appear to be an effect of sampling intensity, but appears to result from four factors: regional spatial heterogeneity, frequency of hard substrates, syntopy, and a historical heritage shared with Australia and New Zealand, which until now ranked as the major centre of volutomitrid diversity. In the New Caledonia region, volutomitrids show a marked preference for hard bottoms and up to three species may cooccur in the same dredge haul. Many species appear to have extremely narrow geographical distributions within the region (e.g. a single seamount or a single submerged plateau); conversely, Microvoluta joloensis, the only non-endemic volutomitrid present in New Caledonia, ranges from the Mozambique Channel to Tonga.
Boyko, Christopher B., 2004, The Bopyridae (Crustacea, Isopoda) parasites of the Stylodactylidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea), Zoosystema, 26, 2, 199-210
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of bopyrid isopods, Pseudione stylopoda n. sp. and P. clevai n. sp., are reported from species in the family Stylodactylidae and are the first species described from members of this enigmatic caridean family. One of the new species is very close to the New Zealand taxon P. pontocari Page, 1985, especially in the form of the distinctive styliform shape of the endopods of pleopods IV and V in the female. The second new species has some similarity to P. elongata elongata (Hansen, 1897) in the shape of the female pleotelson, but is otherwise very distinctive within the genus. Additional literature records of bopyrids from species of Stylodactylidae for which specimens cannot be located are discussed.
Crosnier, Alain, Dall, William, 2004, Redescription of Hymenopenaeus obliquirostris (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeoidea, Soleneceridae) and descriptions of two new species of Hymenopenaeus from the Indo-West Pacific, Zootaxa, 600, 1-26
Résumé [+] [-]Hymenopenaeus obliquirostris ( Bate, 1881), a relatively poorly known species, is redescribed, figured and compared with H. halli Bruce, 1966. Two other species of Hymenopenaeus, H. methalli from the southwest Pacific and H. fallax from Hawaii, are described as new. All these species are closely related to one another. They are distinguished essentially by the presence or absence of a postrostral carina, the presence or absence of a fixed spine on the merus of the first pereopods, and the shape of parts of the thelycum and petasma.
Galil, Bella S., 2004, A new deep water leucosiid genus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Zoosystema, 26, 3, 495–502
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Ancylodactyla n. gen., is established for two deep water species excluded from Praebebalia Rathbun, 1911, P. elongata Zarenkov, 1969, and P. elata Zarenkov, 1994, and for Randallia nana Zarenkov, 1990, provisionally assigned to Randallia s.s. A study of the extensive collection of leucosiid crabs made by French expeditions to the Indo-Pacific Ocean has increased the known geographic and bathymetric ranges of these species. The new genus is distinguished from Praebebalia and from Randallia s.s. in having male abdominal somites 3-6 fused, and the second male pleopod longer than first pleopod. The species are redescribed, fully illustrated, synonymies are discussed, and a key for their identification is provided.
- Galil, Bella S., 2004, A new genus and species of leucosiid crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) from the Indo-Pacific Ocean, Zoosystema, 26, 3, 495-502
- Garcia E., 2004, New records of Opalia-like mollusks (Gastropoda: Epitoniidae) from the Indo-Pacific, with the description of fourteen new species, Novapex, 5, 1, 1-18
García, Emilio Fabián, 2004, On the genus Cycloscala Dall, 1889 (Gastropoda: Epitoniidae) in the Indo-Pacific, with comments on the type species, new records of known species, and the description of three new species., Novapex, 5, 2-3, 57-68
Résumé [+] [-]All described Indo-Pacific taxa referable to the epitoniid genus Cycloscala Dall, 1889 are listed and evaluated. The type species, Cycloscala echinaticosta (d'Orbugny, 1842) is discussed. Four described Inod-Pacific Cycloscala species, considered valid herewith, are treated: Cycloscala crenulata Pease, 1867; C. gazae Kilburn, 1985; C. hyalina Sowerby II, 1844; and C. revoluta Hedley, 1899. Three new species are described: Cycloscala armata, C. sardella, and C. montrouzieri.
Hayashi, Ken-Ichi, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, Revision of the Pasiphaea cristata Bate, 1888 species group of Pasiphaea Savigny, 1816, with descriptions of four new species, and referral of P. australis Hanamura, 1989 to Alainopasiphaea Hayashi, 1999 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pasiphaeidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 319-373
Résumé [+] [-]The Pasiphaea cristata species group is treated herewith, as the second part of the revision of genus Pasiphaea Savigny, 1816. The group is primarily characterized by presence of a complete gill formula, unarmed posterior margin of the merus of the first pereopod, and unarmed posterior margin of the ischium and basis of the second pereopod. The group comprises twenty two species, four of which are new species from MUSORSTOM material. Pasiphaea nishiei Iwasaki proves to be a junior synonym of P. merriami Schmitt, and P. vereschhaka Burukovsky is probably a junior synonym of P. amplidens Bate. Pasiphaea australis Hanamura has the same pereopodal armatures as this group, but entirely lacks arthrobranchs and is referred to Alainopasiphaea Hayashi. The genus Pasiphaea is redefined by including Phye Wood-Mason as a synonym. A key to the species of P. cristata group is presented. Each species is defined and most species are redescribed and/or refigured.
Komai, Tomoyuki, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, A review of the Indo-West Pacific species of the genus Glyphocrangon A. Milne-Edwards, 1881 (excluding the G. caeca species group) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Glyphocrangonidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 375-610
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the species of the caridean genus Glyphocrangon A. Milne-Edwards, 1881 from the Indo-West Pacific Oceans is presented based on rich collections formed during French expeditions to various regions, and supplemented by extensive material deposited in various institutions throughout the world. The genus is divided into two informal groups primarily based on the development of the eye and the presence or absence of arthrobranchs on the first and second pereopods. This study treats species characterized by a well-developed eye and the presence of arthrobranchs on the first and second pereopods (herein called the Glyphocrangon spinicauda species group). A total of 54 species are recognized in the G. spinicauda species group from the Indo-West Pacific region. Of these, the following 28 are new to science: G. albatrossae (Philippines), G. amblytes (Madagascar and South Africa), G. armata (New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna islands), G. boletifera (Gulf of Aden), G. chacei (Philippines), G. confusa (Indonesia), G. cornuta (New Caledonia), G. crosnieri (Madagascar), G. conodactylus (New Caledonia), G. dimorpha (New Caledonia), G. ferox (Madagascar), G. formosana (Taiwan and East China Sea), G. indonesiensis (Philippines and Indonesia), G. kapala (eastern Australia), G. saintlaurentae (western Indian Ocean), G. major (New Caledonia), G. lineata (Indonesia and northwestern Australia), G. parva (Philippines), G. perplexa (Japan and Taiwan), G. proxima (Philippines and Indonesia), G. punctata (Philippines), G. richeri (Wallis and Futuna islands), G. robusta (Philippines), G. rubricinctuta (Wallis and Futuna islands), G. runcinata (East China Sea), G. similior (Coral Sea), G. speciosa (New Caledonia), and G. tasmanica (Tasman Sea). Glyphocrangon andamanensis Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 and G. mabahissae Calman, 1939, which have been considered to be synonymous with G. investigatoris Wood-Mason in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 and G. dentata Barnard, 1926 respectively, are found to be distinct species. Glyphocrangon juxtaculeata Chace, 1984, the holotype of which is a juvenile, is considered to be a junior subjective synonym of G. regalis Bate, 1888. Glyphocrangon joani Allen & Butler, 1994 is treated as a junior synonym of G. fimbriata Komai & Takeuchi, 1994. Plastocrangon Alcock, 1901 is interpreted as a synonym of Glyphocrangon. The new species are fully described and illustrated, and all but three of the previously known species are redescribed and illustrated: G. gilesii and G. smithii being diagnosed on the basis of published information, G. unguiculata Wood-Mason in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 on published information and provisionally identified material from the western Pacific. One obscurely diagnosed species, G. wagini Burukovsky, 1990 from the southeastern Pacific, is also redescribed in order to establish its affinities. Lectotypes are designated for G. acuminata Bate, 1888, G. pugnax de Man, 1918, G. assimilis de Man, 1918, G. sibogae de Man, 1918, and G. megalophthalma de Man, 1918. Identification key, separated by sex, is provided. This study reveals that most Glyphocrangon species have restricted geographical ranges, with only G. caecescens occurring in both the western Pacific and Indian oceans. The geographic and bathymetric distributions of the treated species are summarized.
Kool, Hugo H., 2004, Nassarius boucheti spec. nov., a deep water species from the western Pacific (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia, Nassariidae), Basteria, 67, 4-6, 135-139
Résumé [+] [-]A new Nassarius deep water species is described from the western Pacific. The material was collected during several expeditions of the Museum national d'Histoire nature lie, Paris.
Lemaitre, Rafael, 2004, A review of Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989 (Crustacea: decapoda: Paguroidea: Parapaguridae), with description of a new species, Scientia Marina, 68, 3, 355-372
Résumé [+] [-]Species of the parapagurid genus Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989 are reviewed based primarily on abundant specimens obtained during French campaigns across the Indo-Pacific region. A new species, S. breviacus, is described. The genus contains two other species, S. gracilipes (A. Milne-Edwards, 1891), the type of the genus, and S. sibogae (de Saint Laurent, 1972). One taxon, Parapagurus kilburni Kensley, 1973, originally described from off eastern Africa, has been found to be a junior synonym of S. sibogae. An updated diagnosis of the genus, and diagnoses and comparative illustrations of all three species, are presented together with a key to aid in their identification. Information on live coloration is provided for S. gracilipes and S. sibogae; live coloration of S. breviacus is not known.
Lemaitre, Rafael, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, A worldwide review of hermit crab species of the genus Sympagurus Smith, 1883 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parapaguridae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 85-149
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the genus Sympagurus Smith, 1883 (sensu Lemaitre) from the world oceans is presented. The study is based on the rich collections obtained during French campaigns in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and on additional material in various museums and research institutions throughout the world. The 17 species recognised in this genus occur most frequently between 500 and 1000 m depth, and range from 80 to 2537 m. Some live in striking symbiosis with anthozoan or zoanthid coelenterates that can produce pseudo-shells. Three new species, S. aurantium, S. chani and S. symmetricus, are fully described and illustrated here. Sympagurus rectichela (Zarenkov 1990), a taxon originally described in Parapagurus Smith, 1879, has been found to be a junior synonym of S. dofleini (Balss, 1912); and S. papposus Lemaitre, 1996 is a junior synonym of S. burkenroadi Thompson, 1943. All previously known Sympagurus species are diagnosed or redescribed and illustrated, and data on habitat, symbiotic associations, and coloration are provided. A key to aid in the identification of all Sympagurus species is presented, and their bathymetric and geographic distributions are summarised. The geographic distribution of 14 species (82.3%) includes the Pacific Ocean, 9 (52.9.%) the Indian Ocean, and 3 (1.8%) the Atlantic Ocean. New Caledonia and adjacent islands have the highest number of Sympagurus species in the world, with 12 species known to occur there.
- Macpherson, Enrique, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, Species of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 and related genera from Fiji and Tonga (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 231-292
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, A review of the hermit crab genus Nematopagurus A. Milne-Edwards and Bouvier, 1892 and the descriptions of five new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguridae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 151-229
Résumé [+] [-]The hermit crab genus Nematopagurus, erected by A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier (1892) for a single Atlantic species, has vastly larger reported representation in the Indo-Pacific region. However, the majority of species have been described on the basis of one or only a few specimens. The Musorstom expeditions to the south central Pacific and Philippine Islands, supplemented by the surveys of the United States Fish Commission steamer Albatross in Hawaiian, Philippine and Japanese waters, have provided not only a substantial amount of new material, but sufficient representation of most described species to permit the evaluation of intraspecific morphological variation. As a result, although five new species have been recognized, three recently described species have proven to be junior synonyms of previously known, but poorly represented, species. Nematopagurus holthuisi McLaughlin & Hogarth and N. pilosus Komai are synonymous with N. gardineri Alcock, while N. shinnyoae Komai is synonymous with N. kosiensis McLaughlin. The range of N. diadema Lewinsohn, reported previously from the Red Sea, the eastern coast of South Africa, and the South China Sea, has been extended to Fiji, while that of N. meiringae McLaughlin, known from eastern South Africa and the South and East China Seas, has been extended to the Philippine Islands. Nematopagurus kosiensis McLaughlin, previously known only from eastern South Africa has been found not only in Japanese waters, but also as far east as the Hawaiian Islands. Species identified by several authors as N. squamichelis Alcock and N. muricatus (Henderson) have been reexamined and correctly reassigned to other taxa. Descriptions and illustrations are presented for all species, together with a key for their recognition.
Vilvens, Claude, 2004, Description of four new species of Calliotropis (Gastropoda: Trochidae: Eucyclinae: Calliotropini) from New Caledonia, Fiji and Vanuatu, Novapex, 5, 1, 19-31
Résumé [+] [-]Calliotropis micraulax n. sp., Calliotropis derbiosa n. sp., Calliotropis basileus n. sp. and Calliotropis excelsior n. sp. are described and compared with similar eucyclinid species. Récent Indo-Pacific species belonging to the genus Calliotropis are also listed.
Crosnier, Alain, 2005, Deux Parapenaeus nouveaux (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) du Sud-Ouest Pacifique, Zoosystema, 27, 2, 267-266
Résumé [+] [-]During the French cruises conducted in the South-West Pacific during the last 20 years, two new Parapenaeus were found: Parapenaeus kensleyi n. sp., off New Caledonia, Vanuatu and the Fiji Islands; and Parapenaeus cayrei n. sp., off Tonga and the Chesterfield Islands. Amongst the Parapenaeus species provided with a branchiostegal spine on the anterior border of the carapace and extended by a rather long carina, P. kensleyi n. sp., with its long and sinuous rostrum, is related to P. australis Dall, 1957, P. lanceolatus (Bate, 1881) and P. perezfarfante Crosnier, 1986. Parapenaeus cayrei n. sp., with its short and straight rostrum, is related to P. fissurus (Bate, 1881), P. sextuberculatus Kubo, 1949 and P. ruberoculatus Hall, 1962. In both cases, the shape of the distal part of the ventrolateral lobe of the petasma in the males, the arrangement of the lateral bulbous portions and median tubercles, and the bulgings of the thelycum in the females allow the new species to be readily distinguished.
Galil, Bella S., 2005, Contributions to the knowledge of Leucosiidae III. Urnalana gen. nov. (Crustacea: Brachyura), Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden, 79, 2, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Urnalana, is established for Leucosia species with an urn-shaped carapace: L. angulata Rathbun, 1911, L. chevretii Haswell, 1880, L. cumingii Bell, 1855, L. elata A. Milne Edwards, 1874, L. elatoides Bouvier, 1915, L. hilaris Nobili, 1905, L. haematostica Adams & White, 1849, L. insularis Takeda & Kurata, 1976, L. margaritata A. Milne Edwards, 1874, L. pulchella Bell, 1855, L. purarensis Ovaere, 1987, L. thysanotus George & Clark, 1976, L. ivhitei Bell, 1855, and three new species: U. elatula, U. granulimera, and U. parahaematostica. The species are described or redescribed and illustrated, extended synonymies are given, and a key for their identification is provided.
Guinot, Daniele, Quenette, Gwenaël, 2005, The spermatheca in podotreme crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Podotremata) and its phylogenetic implications, Zoosystema, 27, 2, 267-342
Résumé [+] [-]The thoracic sternum of the primitive crabs (Podotremata Guinot, 1977) is strongly modified in females at the level of the sutures 7/8, separating the last two sternites, which corresponds to a secondary specialization of the phragmae 7/8. Thus a paired spermatheca has developed, which is intersegmental, internalized and independent of the female gonopores on the coxae of the third pereopods. This is unique to the Podotremata, being completely distinct from the eubrachyuran seminal receptacle. The spermatheca is reviewed in all members of the Podotremata, in its external aspect and internal structure. Among the Dromiacea, a spermathecal tube becomes specialized in the Homolodromiidae, Dromiinae, and Hypoconchinae, while it is absent in the Dynomenidae and Sphaerodromiinae, suggesting that the Sphaerodromiinae are basal to the Hypoconchinae + Dromiinae and that the Dynomenidae are basal to the remaining dromiaccan families. The phylogenetic implications are discussed, confirming the distinction of two basal clades, Dromiacea and Homolidea, the peculiar organization found in the Cyclodorippidae, Cymonomidae and Phyllotymolinidae, and the special condition of the Raninoidea. The paired spermatheca proves to be the strongest synapomorphy of the Podotremata, including two Cretaceous families. Hypotheses on female sperm storage and functioning of the spermatheca, on male sperm transfer and the role of gonopods in insemination, and on the modalities of fertilization are included. New data on the axial skeleton are provided. The study of the spermatheca, which has considerable systematic value in decapod phylogeny, leads to a discussion of the monophyly of the Brachyura, taking into account the paleontological data.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2005, Revision of the genus Granulifusus Kuroda & Habe 1954, with description of some new species (Gastropoda : Prosobranchia : Fasciolariidae), Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 134, 2, 129-171
doi: 10.1127/arch.moll/0003-9284/134/129-171 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Granulifusus is distributed over the upper continental shelves in the Indo-West Pacific. The 27 species (21 Recent, 6 fossil) are characterized and separated from Fusinus by a granulated surface sculpture, the Recent also by a small round operculum which does not fill the aperture. Fusus (Sipho) libratus Watson 1886 and Latirus staminatus Garrard 1966 are placed in Granulifusus, their transfer based on the above mentioned conchological characteristics and on radular evidence. Granulifusus niponicus (E.A. Smith 1879), G. kiranus Shuto 1958, G. rubrolineatus (Sowerby II 1870), G. staminatus (Garrard 1966) and G. libratus (Watson 1886) were collected during the Musorstom expeditions and the material is extensively reported on. G. bacciballus sp. nov. (North New Caledonia, 444-452 m), G. benjamini sp. nov. (Coral Sea, Chesterfield, 400 m), G. balbus sp. nov. (South New Caledonia, 470 m), G. amoenus sp. nov. (Vanuatu, 480-544 m), G. geometricus sp. nov. (Tonga Islands, 427-436 m), G. monsecourorum sp. nov. (Madagascar, 240 m) and G. babae sp. nov. (Indonesia, Tanimbar Islands, 206-210 m) were also collected by the Musorstom expeditions and are added to this fauna and described as new species. From the collection of the Australian Museum, Sydney (AMS), one additional Recent species (G. lochi sp. nov., Western Australia, 301-310 m) and one fossil species (G. nakasiensis sp. nov., Nakasi Sandstone Beds, Late Pliocene, Fiji) are described. Lots of the remaining 8 species are studied with the exception of G. captivus (E.A. Smith 1899). The remaining 5 fossil species are listed and compared. G. rufinodis (Von Martens 1901) is tentatively regarded as a distinct species and a lectotype is selected.
Kool, Hugo H., 2005, Two new western Pacific deep water species of Nassarius (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Nassariidae): Nassarius herosae sp. nov. and Nassarius vanpeli sp. nov., Gloria Maris, 44, 3-4, 46-54
Résumé [+] [-]During several expeditions by the Museum National d'Histoire Naturel, Paris, two hereby described deep water species of Nassarius were collected.
Mah, Christopher, 2005, A phylogeny of Iconaster and Glyphodiscus (Echinodermata, Asteroidea, Valvatida, Goniasteridae) with descriptions of four new species, Zoosystema, 27, 1, 137-161
Résumé [+] [-]A phylogenetic analysis of 11 taxa and 31 characters resulted in a single most parsimonious tree that supports monophyly of the goniasterid genera Iconaster and Glyphodiscus. Four new species, Glyphodiscus magnificus n. sp., Glyphodiscus pentagonalis n. sp., Iconaster uchelbeluuensis n. sp., and Iconaster vanuatuensis n. sp., are described and two species are synonymized. At least three species within the genus Iconaster appear to have invaded shallower water from a deeper-water ancestry. Glassy tubercles, similar to those interpreted as photoreceptors in ophiuroids and other goniasterids, are present in the shallow-water Iconaster clade. Glassy tubercles are largely absent in the deeper-water sister and outgroup taxa, suggesting their occurrence is related to photic zone or shallow-water occupation. Biogeographic patterns as presently known suggest that diversification in Iconaster and Glyphodiscus has been restricted to the central and south Pacific regions.
- Peter Castro, 2005, Crabs of the subfamily Ethusinae Guinot, 1977 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Dorippidae) of the Indo-West Pacific region, Zoosystema, 27, 3, 499-600
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Hoffschir, Christian, Chauvin, Céline, Berthault, Claude, 2005, Inventaire des espèces de profondeur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Documents scientifiques et techniques, IRD Nouméa, II6
Résumé [+] [-]A rapid panorama of the deep sea fauna knowledge, deeper than 100 m, is shown, positioning the specific richness and sampling New Caledonia effort in the Indo-Pacific. A detailled presentation of the french exploration oceanographic cruises is done. Since 1984, no less than 1468 benthic samples in the New Caledonia EEZ have been done. All these data are now integrated in the "Océane" database at IRD Center in Noumea. This document give an inventory of 2515 deep sea species from New Caledonia, presented by zoological groups and families by alphabetic order. 1322 new species were described from New Caledonia (52.5%). ln annexe is given: a complete list of references corresponding to the description of this fauna and the list of taxonomists involved (155 scientists from 21 countries); the bathymetric maps of the main seamounts.
Vilvens, Claude, Héros, Virginie, 2005, New species and new records of Danilia (Gastropoda: Chilodontidae) from the western Pacific., Novapex, 6, 3, 53-64
Résumé [+] [-]New records of Danilia species from the West-Pacific are listed. Danilia angulosa n. sp., D. galeata n. sp. and D; discordata n. sp. are described and compared with similar Danilia species. A key to wetern Pacific Danilia species, including the new species, is proposed. the recent worldwide species of Danilia, the number of which reach now therefore 11, are listed with their main distinctive features in an appendix.
Bruce, Alexander J., 2006, An unusual new Periclimenes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae) from New Caledonia, Zoosystema, 28, 3, 703-712
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of pontoniine shrimp, Periclimenes acanthimerus n. sp., from Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia, is described and illustrated. The species differs from all other species of the genus Periclimenes Costa, 1844 in the unique spinulate tubercles present on the ventral surface of the carpus, merus and ischium of the second pereiopod. The single specimen was collected from the Loyalty Islands, from a depth of 174 M, the host is unknown.
Chino, Mitsuo, 2006, A new species of Daphnella (Gastropoda: Conidae) from South-Western Japan and the Western Pacific, Novapex, 7, 1, 17-20
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of a turrid gastropod is described and compared with similar species. The new species has been collected in Japan from Okinawa Prefecture and from Wakayama Prefecture, central Honshu. It has also been taken off Aliguay Island in Northern Mindanao Province, Philippine Islands, and from several localities in the Western Pacific. The nes species has a brown maculate pattern with numerous dark brown spots, a brownfish purple siphonal process and a rather deep, with anal sinus.
Crosnier, Alain, 2006, Penaeopsis Bate, 1881 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) récoltées dans le Pacifique sud-ouest par les campagnes françaises depuis 1976. Description d'une espèce nouvelle, Zoosystema, 28, 2, 331-340
Résumé [+] [-]Penaeopsis (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) collected in the south-west Pacific by French expeditions since 1976. Description of a new species. This work is based on collections made in the south-west Pacific by IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. It deals with four species of Penaeopsis Bate, 188 1: P challengeri de Man, 1911, P eduardoi Perez Farfante, 1977, P rectacuta (Bate, 188 1), and a new species, P mclaughlinae n. sp. Depth zones and geographic distributions of the three known species are revised, especially those of P challengeri. Penaeopsis mclaughlinae n. sp. is closely related to P eduardoi but it is easily distinguished by the more sinuous shape of the distal part of the ventrolateral lobules of the petasma, and the large rounded protuberance on the median plate of the thelycum.
d'Hondt, Jean-Loup, 2006, Description of two new genera and three new species of ctenostomatous Bryozoa, Bulletin de la Societe Zoologique de France, 131, 4, 247-260
Résumé [+] [-]Description and discussion of Cephaloalcyonidium, gen. nov., a new genus of claviform ctenostomatous bryozoans, morphologically and structurally intermediate between the pedunculate species of Alcyonidium (the most evolved species within the family Alcyonidiidae) and the Clavoporidae sensu stricto, in which this genus is placed. The new taxon is currently monospecific for the species Cephaloalcyonidium morchellanum n. gen., n. sp. The family Clavoporidae is divided into two subfamilies. A new type of coenozoecia, the «polypido-myoecia» is characterized. Descriptions are given of Alcyonidium torpedo, n. sp., with lobed zoarium, and of the new genus (incertae sedis) Pseudobathyalozoon (with P. profundum as type-species), related to the genera Bathyalozoon, Farrella, Mimosella and Triticella.
Li, Xinzheng, Bruce, Alexander J., 2006, Further Indo-West Pacific palaemonoid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonoidea), principally from the New Caledonian region, Journal of Natural History, 40, 11-12, 611-738
doi: 10.1080/00222930600763627 Résumé [+] [-]Based on the material deposited in the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, collected from the Indo-West Pacific, principally from the New Caledonian region, the present paper reports 117 palaemonoid shrimp species, which belong, respectively, to Anchistioididae ( one genus, one species), Gnathophyllidae ( one genus, one species), Palaemonidae Palaemoninae ( seven genera, nine species), and Palaemonidae Pontoniinae ( 30 genera, 106 species), including eight new species. The new species are all Pontoniinae: Mesopontonia brevicarpalis sp. nov., Palaemonella komaii sp. nov., Periclimenes crosnieri sp. nov., Periclimenes forgesi sp. nov., Periclimenes loyautensis sp. nov., Periclimenes paralcocki sp. nov., Periclimenes paraleator sp. nov., and Periclimenes pseudalcocki sp. nov. The last six new species are members of the deep-water "Periclimenes alcocki species complex'', which has more than two ( usually four) pairs of dorsolateral telson spines anterior to the posterior telson margin, the cornea is usually reduced, the dactyl of the major second chela is generally flanged and the chela is sometimes covered with small tubercles. The complex is usually found at more than 200m depth in the West Pacific. The species can be distinguished from each other by the armature of ambulatory propod and dactyl, diameter of cornea, rostrum shape and the number of pairs of dorsolateral telson spines. Mesopontonia brevicarpalis sp. nov., from the southeast coast of Africa, is the seventh species of the genus. Palaemonella komaii sp. nov. is very similar to Palaemonella dolichodactylus Bruce, 1991 and Palaemonella hachijo Okuno, 1999. These three species share the features of very long and slender ambulatory pereiopods with the dactyl more than eight times longer than its basal depth and with several long setae on the dorsal dactylar margin.
Lin, Feng-Jiau, 2006, Two New Axioids (Decapoda: Thalassinidea) from New Caledonia, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 26, 2, 234-241
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Axioidea were found amongst the deep-sea material recently collected from New Caledonia. Meticonaxius dentatus sp. nov. is unique among members of the genus by the presence of the teeth on the rostrum and the merus of the large cheliped. Oxyrhynchaxius tricarinatus sp. nov. is the third species known in the genus and is unique in bearing three dorsal ridges on the abdome
Lowry, James K., Dempsey, kate, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Justine, Jean-Lou, 2006, The giant deep-sea scavenger genus Bathynomus (Crustacea, Isopoda, Cirolanidae) in the Indo-West Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 24, 193, 163-192
Résumé [+] [-]Based on new material from the western Pacific and Indian Oceans, the deep-sea scavenging genus Bathynomus is revised. Six species are redescribed: Bathynomus affinis Richardson, 1910 (range extended to the Arafura and Timor Seas), B. decemspinosus Shih, 1972, B. doederleini Ortman, 1894 (range extended to San Bernardino Strait, Philippine Islands), B. immanis Bruce, 1986 (range extended to Astrolabe Bay, Bismarck Sea), B. kapala Griffin, 1975 (range extended to off the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea) and B. pelor Bruce, 1986. Bathynomus propinquus Richardson, 1910 is considered to be a nomen dubium. Six new species are described: B. brucei n. sp. from off the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea; B. bruscai n. sp. from off the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea and Astrolabe Bay, Bismarck Sea; B. crosnieri n. sp. from off Madagascar, western Indian Ocean; B. keablei n. sp. from off the Malabar Coast, Arabian Sea; B. kensleyi n. sp. from the South China Sea, the Sulu Sea and the Coral Sea; B. richeri n. sp. from off New Caledonia, plus Bathynomus sp. from the Gulf of Aden. Bathynomus giganteus A. Milne Edwards, 1879 is reported for the first time from the east coast of the United States. Two distinct groups occur in Bathynomus, a lineage of giant species which mature at about 150 mm length and a lineage of supergiant species which can grow to 500 mm in length. The greatest diversity of Bathynomus occurs between latitudes 20°N and 20°S on the Indian-Australian plate. Outlying species occur on plates in the western North Pacific and the western Atlantic.
McLay, Colin L., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Justine, Jean-Lou, 2006, Retroplumidae (Crustacea, Decapoda) from the Indo-Malayan archipelago (Indonesia, Philippine) and the Melanesian arc islands (Solomon Islands, Fiji and New Caledonia), and paleogeographical comments, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos volume 24, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 24, 193, 375-391
Résumé [+] [-]Seven species of retroplumid crabs are recorded from Indonesia, Philippine Islands, Solomon Islands, Fiji Islands and New Caledonia. These include Retropluma denticulata (Solomon Islands), R. notopus (Fiji), R. plumosa (Fiji), R. quadrata (Philippine Islands), R. serenei (Fiji Islands and New Caledonia), R. laurentae n. sp. (Indonesia, Philippine Islands, Solomon Islands and New Caledonia), and Bathypluma forficula (Solomon Islands and New Caledonia). The new material considerably extends the distribution of retroplumid crabs eastwards in the Pacific and also extends the depth range of several species. There are now ten extant species of retroplumids known in two genera: Bathypluma de Saint Laurent, 1989 and Retropluma Gill, 1894. Although larval development is unknown, their small egg size suggests that retroplumids have indirect development. Three fossil genera, containing eight species, are recognized: Costacopluma Collins & Morris, 1975, Retrocypoda Via Boada, 1957 and Loerenthopluma Beschin et al. 1996. Some of the fossils placed in the Retroplumidae probably belong to the Palicidae Bouvier, 1898. An analysis of recently discovered fossil retroplumids shows that this family first appeared in the Proto-Atlantic Ocean during the Late Cretaceous, but became extinct in the Atlantic by the Pliocene. The family is now only found in Indo-West Pacific seas.
Poutiers, Jean-Maurice, 2006, Two new species of protocardiine cockles (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Cardiidae) from the tropical Southwest Pacific, Zoosystema, 28, 3, 635-654
Résumé [+] [-]The two new species described in this paper are widely distributed in the tropical south-western Pacific; they have been found on the upper continental shelf of the area, around New Caledonia, westward to Chesterfield Islands and Lord Howe Ridge, southward to northern part of Norfolk Ridge, north- and eastward to Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga islands. They belong to two often confused genera of subfamily Protocardiinae (sensu Keen 1980), Frigidocardium Habe, 1951 and Microcardium Th iele, 1934, that are briefly characterized herein. Frigidocardium valdentatum n. sp. is characterized by the peculiar sculpture of mid-posterior slope ending in strongly dentate margin. Frigidocardium kirana is a similar species with lower outer sculpture, more asymmetrical shape and rather strong umbonoventral fold; it is first recorded here from the tropical Southwest Pacific and Mascarene islands. Diagnostic features of Microcardium trapezoidale n. sp. include rather high trapezoidal shape and posterior sculptural area extending on 2/5 of shell length, with an anterior limit almost parallel to radial ribs in the adult and well-developed, non lamellous sculpture in the rib interstices. A comparative review of all Recent Microcardium species in the Indo-West Pacific is given, to place the new species in the context of the genus. Five Microcardium species are presently known in this area: M. gilchristi from southern Africa, M. simillimum n. comb. (for Cardium (Fragum) simillimum) from Sri Lanka and Mascarene Plateau, M. sakuraii from Japan and the Philippines (new record), M. aequiliratum from the Philippines, and M. tenuilamellosum from the Philippines and Solomon Islands (new record).
Snyder, Martin Avery, Bouchet, Philippe, 2006, New species and new records of deep-water Fusolatirus (Neogastropoda: Fasciolariidae) from the West Pacific, Journal of Conchology, 39, 1, 1-12
Résumé [+] [-]The neogastropod fasciolariid genus Fusolatirus Kuroda & Habe, 1971, is redescribed based on shell and radula characters Fourteen species are tentatively placed in the genus, nine of them for the first time, all front moderately deep water (50-300 meters) in the tropical Indo-West Pacific. Additional species currently placed in Latirus or Peristernia may also be referable to Fusolatirus when the range of shell and radula characters are better understood. However, Eve do not regard as congeneric Fusolatirus kurodai (Okutani & Sakurai, 1964) nor Fusolatirus kuroseanus Okutani, 1975. Fusolatirus luteus n. sp. and Fusolatirus pachyus n. sp., both from the New Caledonia area, are described. Latirus cloveri Snyder, 2003 [June] is a new synonym of Euthria suduirauti Fraussen, 2003 [April], originally described as a buccinid and here referred to Fusolatirus. The ranges of Fusolatirus balicasagensis (Bozzetti, 1997), F kandai (Kuroda, 1950), and F. rikae (Fraussen, 2003), earlier known only from Japan and/or the Philippines, are extended to the South Pacific.
Castro P., 2007, A reappraisal of the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) and revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, with the description of 10 new genera and 18 new species, Zoosystema, 29, 4, 609-774
Résumé [+] [-]A reappraisal of the taxonomy of the brachyuran crabs belonging to the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 sensu lato has resulted in the revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, which combines the subfamilies Goneplacinae MacLeay, 1838 and Carcinoplacinae H. Milne Edwards, 1852. Most of the 66 species of Goneplacinae sensu stricto that are listed herein inhabit relatively deep water and are infrequently collected. The subfamily Goneplacinae sensu stricto now consists of 17 genera of which 10 are being described as new: Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, with 18 species of which four are new; Entricoplax n. gen., monotypic; Exopheticus n. gen., with two species; Goneplacoides n. gen., monotypic; Goneplax Leach, 1814, with four species; Hadroplax n. gen., monotypic; Menoplax n. gen., monotypic; Microgoneplax n. gen., with five species of which four are new; Neogoneplax n. gen., with three species of which two are new; Neommatocarcinus Takeda & Miyake, 1969, monotypic; Notonyx A. Milne-Edwards, 1873, with three species; Ommatocarcinus White, 1852, with four species; Paragoneplax n. gen., monotypic; Psopheticus Wood-Mason, 1892, with four species; Pycnoplax n. gen., with five species of which one is new; Singhaplax Serene & Soh, 1976, with seven species of which four are new; and Thyraplax n. gen., with five species of which three are new. All goneplacine genera are exclusive to the Indo-West Pacific region (plus contiguous temperate areas) except Goneplax, which is so far known mostly from the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions. Four nominal species described by other authors were found to be junior subjective synonyms for other species: Carcinoplax verdensis Rathbun, 1914 and C polita Guinot, 1989 synonymous of C specularis Rathbun, 1914; Goneplax megalops Komatsu & Takeda, 2003 of Goneplacoides marivenae (Komatsu & Takeda, 2003) n. comb.; and Psopheticus insolitus Guinot, 1990 of P stridulans Wood-Mason, 1892.
Cleva, Régis, Guinot, Daniele, Albenga, Laurent, 2007, Annotated catalogue of brachyuran type specimens (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) deposited in the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Part I. Podotremata, Zoosystema, 29, 2, 229-279
Résumé [+] [-]The greatest part of the types of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda) in the Crustacea collection of the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, is already catalogued on registers and is to be gradually published. This first annotated catalogue lists the nominal species belonging to the Podotremata (i.e. crabs with coxal male and female gonopores, and spermathecae): families Homolodromiidae, Dromiidae, Dynomenidae, Homoliclae, Poupiniidae, Cycloclorippidae, Cymonomidae, Phyllotymolinidae and Raninidae. The names of the taxa are presented in their original combination. The erroneous references to specimens as "types" have been noted and corrected in conformity with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. The types of a total of 104 species are listed herein, out of about 370 known species of podotreme crabs. Photographs of most of the type specimens are also provided. A bibliography and an index are included.
Fraussen, Koen, Kantor, Yuri I., Hadorn, Roland, 2007, Amiantofusus gen. nov. for Fusus amiantus Dall, 1889 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) with description of a new extensive Indo-West Pacific radiation, Novapex, 8, 3-4, 79-101
Résumé [+] [-]In the present paper we describe the new genus Amiantofusus gen. nov. to accommodate the Atlantic species Fusus amiantus Dall, 1889. The genus belongs to Fasciolariidae and this family is confirmed as distinct from Buccinidae, based on anatomical differences. We add an Indo-West Pacific fauna of seven species described as new to science: miantofusus pacificus sp. nov. (North Fiji Basin, New Caledonia, southern Coral Sea, south West Pacific), A. gloriabundus sp. nov. (North Fiji Basin, Vitiaz Zone), A. sebalis sp. nov. (New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, Vanuatu), A. candoris sp. nov. (Chesterfield Islands, Fairway), A. maestratii sp. nov. (New Caledonia), A. borbonica sp. nov. (Reunion) and A. cartilago sp. nov. (Mozambique Channel). In addition we add two unnamed species: A. species 1 (North Fiji Basin) and A. species 2 (Vanuatu). Fusus thielei Schepman, 1911 is briefly discussed, the generic placement is still uncertain.
- Fricke, Ronald, Kulbicki, Michel, 2007, Checklist of the shore fishes of New Caledonia, Compendium of marine species from New Caledonia : second edition, II7, 357–401
Glover, Emily A., Taylor, John D., 2007, Diversity of chemosymbiotic bivalves on coral reefs: Lucinidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) of New Caledonia and Lifou, Zoosystema, 29, 1, 109-181
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty-four species of marine bivalve molluscs of the family Lucinidae are described and illustrated from water depths less than 200 m around New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands and Chesterfield Bank. Most of the bivalves came from three intensively sampled sites: Koumac and Touho on New Caledonia and Lifou in the Loyalty Islands. Eighteen new species are described. Nine new genera (Myrtina n. gen., Poumea n. gen., Solelucina n. gen., Discolucina n. gen., Lepidolucina n. gen., Ferrocina n. gen., Liralucina n. gen., Parvidontia n. gen. And Bretskya n. gen.) include both new and previously described species. Additionally, new descriptions and illustrations of type species are provided for two previously misunderstood genera – Epicodakia Iredale, 1930 and Gonimyrtea Marwick, 1929. The fauna described in this study is the most diverse assemblage of chemosymbiotic bivalves yet recorded.
Kantor, Yuri I., Bouchet, Philippe, 2007, Out of Australia: Belloliva (Neogastropoda: Olividae) in the Coral Sea and New Caledonia, American Malacological Bulletin, 22, 1, 27-73
Macpherson, Enrique, 2007, Species of the genus Munidopsis Whiteaves, 1784 from the Indian and Pacific oceans and reestablishment of the genus Galacantha A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae), Zootaxa, 1417, 1-135
Résumé [+] [-]Sixty-six species of the genus Munidopsis have been studied using specimens collected during numerous French expeditions carried out in the last decades in the deep-waters of the southwest Indian and southwest Pacific Oceans, between 140 and 4400 m. Twenty-five new species are described, and the diagnoses and illustrations of some relatively rare species (M. africana, M. debilis, M. lenzii, M. moresbyi, M. orcina, M. sinclairi, M. stylirostris and M. wardeni) are provided. The reestablishment of the genus Galacantha is proposed, including the descriptions/diagnoses and a key to all species. The genus contains nine species, including three new species (G. bellis, G. diomedeae, G. quiquei n. sp., G. rostrata, G. spinosa, G. subrostrata n. sp., G. subspinosa n. sp., G. trachynotus and G. valdiviae). The number of species collected by station is very small (usually one species), probably related to their low densities. However, in some samples, as many as five species have been found. The highest number of species have been observed in the Banda Sea (Indonesia) and Solomon Islands. The new records of some species greatly extend the previously known distribution range of the species.
O’Hara, Timothy D., 2007, Seamounts: centres of endemism or species richness for ophiuroids?, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16, 6, 720-732
Poppe, Guido T., Groh, Klaus, Vos, Chris, Terryn, Yves, 2007, The family Tonnidae, A conchological iconography, ConchBooks
Résumé [+] [-]Before talking about a largely underestimated and poorly known, yet so beautiful family of Gastropoda, there is an issue which I must attract your attention to. While gathering the necessary information, shells and literature, I often wondered why people still call some of the Tonnidae by the wrong name, despite the sometimes meticulous research done by scientists in the past. Is it because of the often controversial information in the available publications? Is it for lack of decent information? This issue became clear to me when I was looking into the most recent publications on Eudolium such as Piani (1977), Marshall (1992) and Bouchet & Waren (1993). All concluded that what is usually sold as Eudolium pyriforme is in fact Monterosato 's true Eudolium crosseanum. I must say I was a bit shocked to read those papers and see some photographs of the type material. Why were erroneous names still used ifproofwas there, clearly and undoubtedly, to the contrary? It took me a few weeks and a few discussions with Dr Philippe Bouchet and Dr Alan Beu to figure it out, but in the end, the answer is simple: In scientific terms, proof is given by photography and description, and maybe by discussion, but not in such words or language that they are understandable to the untrained reader. Also, such research is often documented in broader publications (e.g. Bouchet & Waren, 1993; Beu, 2005) that don't attract the attention of the advanced amateur or naturalist straight away, and are wrongfully neglected. These works are seldom offered commercially, and thus unjustly remain unknown to the wider public. It is in this respect that works such as the Concho logical Iconography, often written by advanced naturalists, have their true value and Guido Poppe, Klaus Groh and Yves Terryn must be commended for an initiative such as this is an excellent medium to bring science and amateur collecting closer together in an attempt to cover the gap between the two. It is my ambition to give a synoptical overview ofthe existing (described) species, based on my collection of well over 1000 specimens and an ever-increasing library of historical as well as recent publications. Ten years of collecting and studying shells and publications have resulted in what is to follow. I have listed the most important synonyms for each species in order to clarify some of the dubious issues, but the lists are not exhaustive. Although I have many of the old publications through digital photography, I'm sure that there are still many more out there. And even if I was to spend another month in the libraries of, e.g. the BM(NH) or the MNHN, there will still be publications "hidden" somewhere. I mainly concentrate my research on Recent material, whilst a lot has been described in the fossil area as well. For example: recently, Dr Alan Beu discovered that there is an earlier name for what we all know as Eudolium pyriforme (G. B. Sowerby III, 1914), namely Eudolium javanum (Martin, 1879), originally described as the fossil Cassidariajavana from the late Miocene oflndonesia. While researching this, he also discovered names such as Dolhun hochstetteri Martin, 1879 (= Tonna allium (Dillwyn, 1817)) just to give one example. Another issue is interpretation. Many have interpreted, e.g. Adanson's "Le Minjac" in different ways. For one author, it is T. marginata (Philippi, 1845), for another author T. tessellata (Lamarck, 1816). March (1852) even lists it as a full species, D. minjac. In order to clarify such matters, I have tried to compare specimens with type material. This publication should be a solid basis for any future researcher in this family and I do hope you will all find the necessary answers to your basic tun-related questions to start that collection you always wanted to start.
Vidal, Jacques, Kirkendale, Lisa, 2007, Ten new species of Cardiidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) from New Caledonia and the tropical western Pacific, Zoosystema, 29, 1, 83-107
Résumé [+] [-]The fauna of the tropical Indo-west Pacific is exceptionally diverse but poorly known with even relatively well-studied faunal components yielding new species after careful study, novel approaches (e.g., delineation of cryptic species via molecular analyses) and/or rigorous collection efforts. In an attempt to quantify the biodiversity of the western Pacific molluscan fauna, comprehensive, systematic collecting expeditions have been made since 1978, with a focus on New Caledonia. Building on earlier studies of cardiids from the western Pacific, we report one new genus of cardiid (Pseudofulvia n. gen.) and 10 new cardiid taxa from the area: Acrosterigma capricorne n. sp., Fulvia (Fulvia) colorata n. sp., F. (F.) vepris n. sp., F. (Laevifulvia) subquadrata n. sp., F. (L.) imperfecta n. sp., Pseudofulvia caledonica n. gen., n. sp., P. arago n. gen., n. sp., Ctenocardia gustavi n. sp., C. fi jianum n. sp., C. (Microfragum) subfestivum n. sp. The new species are easily differentiated from conspecifics in details of hinge, dentition, lunular shape and area, rib number and/or rib ornamentation, but often diff er in gross morphological features, such as coloration, shape and size as well. Ctenocardia gustavi n. sp., C. (Microfragum) subfestivum n. sp. and Pseudofulvia caledonica n. gen., n. sp. are relatively large-bodied, with a wide distribution throughout the western Pacifi c. In contrast, Acrosterigma capricorne n. sp. and Pseudofulvia arago n. gen., n. sp. are known only from the Austral Islands and considering the intensive collecting efforts in the region, they appear restricted in their distributions.
Vilvens, Claude, 2007, New species and new records of Calliotropis (Gastropoda: Chilodontidae: Calliotropinae) from Indo-Pacific., Novapex, 8, H.S. 5, 1-72
Résumé [+] [-]New records of 25 Calliotropis species from the Indo-Pacific area are listed, extending the distribution area of some of them. 30 new species and 1 new subspecies are described and compared with similar Calliotropis species : C. conoeides n. sp.; C. helix n. sp.; C. cynee n. sp.; C. chalkeie n. sp.; C. ptykte n. sp.; C. solomonensis n. sp.; C. pistis n. sp.; C. echidnoides n. sp.; C. cycloeides n. sp.; C. pyramoeides n. sp.; C. coopertorium n. sp.; C. asphales n. sp.; C. nux n. sp.; C. oros n. sp.; C. oros marquisensis n. ssp.; C. zone n. sp.; C. hysterea n. sp.; C. stegos n. sp.; C. oregmene n. sp.; C. cooperculum n. sp.; C. keras n. sp.; C. denticulus n. sp.; C. dicrous n. sp.; C. rostrum n. sp.; C. pheidole n. sp.; C. siphaios n. sp.; C. nomisma n. sp.; C. nomismasimilis n. sp.; C. elephas n. sp.; C. ostrideslithos n. sp.; C. trieres n. sp.
Bouchet, Philippe, Petit, Richard E., 2008, New species and new records of southwest Pacific Cancellariidae (Gastropoda), The Nautilus, 122, 1, 1-18
Résumé [+] [-]Fifteen species of Cancellariidae referable to the genera Zeadmete, Admetula, Fusiaphera, Nipponaphera, and Trigonostoma are reported from depths between 200 and 700 m in New Caledonia and other island groups in the southwest Pacific. Twelve are new species: Zeadmete bathyomon new species, Zeadmete physomon new species, Zeadmete bilix new species, Admetula affluens new species, Admetula marshalli new species, Admetula bathynoma new species, Admetula lutea new species, Admetula emarginata new species, Nipponaphera argo new species, Nipponaphera agastor new species, Nipponaphera tuba new species, and Trigonostoma tryblium new species. All the Recent nominal species of Fusiaphera described from localities throughout the Indo-Pacific area Lire considered to be conspecific, the senior name being Fusiaphera macrospira (Adams and Reeve, 1.850), now with ten synonyms. The ranges of Nipponaphera nodosivaricosa (Petuch, 1.979) and Trigonostoma thysthlon Petit and Harasewych, 1987, are extended to the South Pacific.
BOYER, Franck, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, The genus Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 (Caenogastropoda: Marginellidae) in New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 389-436
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty five species attributed to Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 are recognized from the bathyal zone of New Caledonia. Four of these, S. beatrix (Cossignani, 2001), S. tuii (Cossignani, 2001), S. stylaster (Boyer, 2001) and S. boucheti (Boyer, 2001), were previously described in other genera, and 31 other species are here described as new. This series of 35 Serrata species from New Caledonia increases fi ve-fold the Recent specifi c diversity recognized in the genus. The diversity of Serrata species from New Caledonia is inferred to be very partially known, based on the fact that 31% of the identifi ed species are represented in the collections by only one specimen and that 51% were collected at only single stations. The important Serrata fauna documented here has an asymmetrical geographical distribution in New Caledonia, the highest diversity of species being found off far southern New Caledonia and on the northern Norfolk Ridge. The Serrata fauna from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Ridge and the Norfolk Ridge appears to be isolated in the southwest Pacifi c, but it has affi nities with several species occurring in the fossil or Recent fauna of Australia and New Zealand. The fossil distribution of Serrata extends from the Eocene of Alabama to the Pliocene of New Zealand. The distribution of the genus in the Recent seems to be restricted mostly to the southern Indo-Pacifi c latitudes from Cape Agulhas to the Tuamotu Islands, with maximum diversity from the Australian Platform to the Norfolk and New Caledonia Ridges. The fossil genera Euryentome Cossmann, 1899 and Conuginella Laseron, 1957 and the Recent genera Deviginella Laseron, 1957 and Serrataginella Coovert & Coovert, 1995 are proposed as junior synonyms of Serrata. Marginella anatina Lea, 1833 is used instead of Euryentome silabra Palmer, 1937 as the valid name for the type species of the genus Euryentome. The fossil genus Strombiginella Laseron, 1957 is placed in synonymy with the recent genus Hydroginella Laseron, 1957. Serrata and Hydroginella do not seem more closely related to each other than they are to Volvarina-Prunum or to the Austroginella and Dentimargo groups. The “Serrata Group” sensu Coovert & Coovert 1995, composed of Hydroginella, Serrata and 3 synonymous genera, is rejected as being a possibly polyphyletic assemblage. The high disparity in the specifi c shell morphologies of Serrata, the frequent combination of features found as typical in Volvarina and Dentimargo in the Recent, the occurrence of many morphological intergrades between these genera since the Mid-Eocene of the western Tethys sea, and the higher specifi c frequency of the plesiomorphic character of a radula with numerous cusps, together suggest that the genus Serrata may be situated near the base of the common stem from which most of the Recent groups of the Volvarina-Dentimargo complex have differentiated.
Komai, Tomoyuki, 2008, A world-wide review of species of the deep-water crangonid genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea), with descriptions of ten new species, Zoosystema, 30, 2, 261-332
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Decapoda, Caridea, Crangonidae) from the world oceans is presented. This Study is based on the large collection obtained during French expeditions in the eastern Atlantic, western Indian, and tropical western and southern Pacific oceans, and on additional material from various museums and institutions in the world. Eighteen species, including ten new species, are divided in two informal species groups, P. gracilis (Smith, 1882) group and P modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906) group. The first group contains I I species: P. gracilis (type species of the genus), P abyssi (Smith, 1884), P. junceus (Bate, 1888), P. profundus (Bate, 1888), P occidentalis (Faxon, 1893), P talismani (Crosnier & Forest, 1973), P cornutus n. sp., P cyrton n. sp., P difficilis n. sp., P. geminus n. sp. and P. longirostris n. sp. The second group contains seven species: P. modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906), P. demani (Chace, 1984), P caledonicus n. sp., P. juxta n. sp., P. psyllus n. sp., P. sibogae n. sp. and P. stenorhinus in. sp. Six taxa originally described as full species by their authors and occasionally treated as subspecies, viz. P. gracilis, P abyssi, P. junceus, P. profundus, P occidentalis, and P talismani, are here maintained as full species because of the existence of morphological differences and of the partial overlap of geographical or bathymetrical ranges. All species are diagnosed or rediagnosed, and illustrated. Synonymies of Pontophilus challengeri Ortmann, 1893 with Parapontophilus abyssi and of Pontophilus occidentalis var. indica de Man, 1918 with Parapontophilus junceus were con firmed. A key to aid in the identification of all Parapontophilus species is given, although it should be used with caution because of intraspecific variations exhibited by many of the species. Bathymetrical and geographical distributions of species are also summarized. All but P. sibogae n. sp. are exclusively found at more than 200 in depth, and particularly three species, P. abyssi, P occidentalis, and P talismani, occur at abyssal depths exceeding 3000 m. Parapontophilus sibogae inhabits shallow water, recorded at depth of I I m in the type locality. Two species, P gracilis and P talismani, appear restricted to the Atlantic Ocean, although widely distributed there. Three species, P abyssi, P longirostris n. sp., and P. juxta n. sp. occur in the Indian Ocean; P abyssi is also widely distributed in the Atlantic and P longirostris extends to the central Pacific. Parapontophilus occidentalis appears restricted to the eastern Pacific. Other species are distributed in the range of the western Pacific to French Polynesia.
Lozouet, Pierre, Maestrati, Philippe, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, A quarter-century of deep-sea malacological exploration in the South and West Pacific: Where do we stand? How far to go?, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]The Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD, formerly ORSTOM) and Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) launched in the early 1980s a suite of oceanographic expeditions to sample the deep-water benthos of the tropical South and West Pacific, with emphasis on the 100-1,500 m bathymetric zone. This paper reviews the development of this programme to date. It describes the procedures involved in curating the material collected and the involvement of an international network of taxonomic experts to identify, describe and name the molluscan fauna. So far, 1,028 species of molluscs have been recorded from the New Caledonia Exclusive Economic Zone from depths below 100 m, and 601 of these (58.4%) were new species. An additional 142 new species have been described from other South Pacifi c island groups (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Tonga, Marquesas Islands and Austral Islands). However, the hyper-diverse families have essentially remained untouched. Regional differences among island groups are high, and New Caledonia, which has been sampled best, shows several discrete areas of micro-endemism. We speculate that the deep-sea mollusc fauna of New Caledonia may amount to 15-20,000 species, and the corresponding number for the whole South Pacifi c may be in the order of 20-30,000 species.
Oliverio, Marco, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 481-585
Résumé [+] [-]This is a regional revision of the Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacifi c, based on the material collected during recent expeditions to New Caledonia (including the Coral Sea, mainland New Caledonia, and the Loyalty Islands), Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji and Tonga. It is the fi rst revision of a tropical coralliophiline fauna based on large and extensive sampling, and it yielded a total of 97 coralliophiline species, 13 of them new: Coralliophila candidissima n. sp., C. bathus n. sp., C. norfolk n. sp., C. xenophila n. sp., C. cancellarioidea n. sp., Babelomurex natalabies n. sp., B. pallox n. sp., B. depressispiratus n. sp., B. macrocephalus n. sp., Hirtomurex marshalli n. sp., Mipus tonganus n. sp., M. alis n. sp., and M. boucheti n. sp. A lectotype is selected for Purpura monodonta Blainville, 1832. In addition, this survey resulted in new biogeographical records for 37 species from the southwest Pacifi c fauna. Regional endemicity may be as high as 17.5% (17 out of 97 species). The protoconchs of 47 species are fi gured by SEM. At least 68 species have planktotrophic development, while 10 species are probably lecithotrophic, either with a short pelagic phase or with a totally intracapsular develoment.
Scarabino, Victor, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, New species and new records of scaphopods from New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 215-268
Résumé [+] [-]Previous work that recorded 75 species of Scaphopoda in New Caledonian waters is augmented with study of new material from several expeditions. The number of species in the region is increased to 115. Of the 40 additional taxa, 28 are described as new, 7 are new records and 5 remain unidentifi ed. Material from New Caledonia previously identifi ed as Antalis phaneum (Dall, 1895) is now determined as A. albatrossae n. sp.; material previously identifi ed as Compressidentalium sedecimcostatum (Boissevain, 1906) is now determined as C. clathratum (Martens, 1881); Episiphon virgula (Hedley, 1903), formerly treated as a synonym of Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883, is revalidated; material previously identifi ed as Entalina mirifi ca (Smith, 1895) is now determined as E. dorsicostata Lamprell & Healy, 1998; Fissidentalium transversostriatum (Boissevain, 1906), previously synonymized with F. shoplandi (Jousseaume, 1894), is revalidated and the material previously reported from New Caledonia as the latter in fact belongs to the former. New synonyms: Episiphon jamiesoni Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with Gadilina insolita (Smith, 1894); Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883 and D. bisinuatum André, 1896 are synonymized with Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767); Laevidentalium arnoldi Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with L. houbricki Scarabino, 1995; Bathoxiphus steineri Lamprell & Healy, 1998 and B. stanisici Lamprell & Healy, 1998 are synonymized with Solenoxiphus striatulus Chistikov, 1983. New records from the New Caledonian region: Striodentalium thetidis (Hedley, 1903), Fissidentalium waterhousae Lamprell & Healy, 1998, Calliodentalium crocinum (Dall, 1907), Gadilina pachypleura (Boissevain, 1906), Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767), Laevidentalium (?) sominium Okutani, 1964, Megaentalina mediocarinata (Boissevain, 1906).
Simone, Luiz Ricardo L., Cunha, Carlo M., 2008, Supplementary data for a recent revision of the genus Spinosipella (Bivalvia, Septibranchia), Strombus, 15, 1, 8-14
Résumé [+] [-]A supplementary list of material examined is provided, completing the list given in a recently published paper revising the genus Spinosipella worldwide (Simone & Cunha, 2008). Most of the material belongs to the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Valdés, Ángel, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Deep-sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs (Gastropoda) from the tropical southwest Pacific, Tropical Deep Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 587-792
Résumé [+] [-]One hundred and twenty-one species of deep sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs belonging to the genera Acteon, Crenilabium, Obrussena, Rictaxis, Japonacteon, Maxacteon, Bullina, Diaphana, Toledonia, Cylichna, Scaphander, Sabatia, Roxania, Cylichnium, Acteocina, Truncacteocina, Philine, Retusa, Pyrunculus, Volvulella, Relichna, Micratys, Gastropteron, Aglaja and Philinopsis are reported from the tropical southwest Pacifi c. Thirty-nine of these species are new: Acteon ionfasciatus, Acteon chrystomatus, Rictaxis sanguinea, Japonacteon longissimus, “Acteon” editus, “Acteon” buccinus, “Acteon” ringiculoides, “Acteon” boteroi, “Acteon” loyautensis, “Acteon” rhektos, “Acteon” profundus, “Acteon” osexiguus, “Acteon” aphyodes, “Acteon” herosae, “Acteon” comptus, “Acteon” chauliodous, “Acteon” cohibilis, Bullina rubropunctata, Toledonia neocaledonica, Toledonia epongensis, Cylichna tanyumphalos, Cylichna grovesi, Sabatia pyriformis, Roxania smithae, Cylichnium mucronatum, Cylichnium nanum, Acteocina lata, Philine habei, Philine babai, Philine abyssicola, Retusa diaphana, Retusa insolita, Retusa lenis, Retusa abyssicola, Retusa trunca, Volvulella onoae, Volvulella multistriata, Relichna hadra and Micratys wareni. A previously described species, Acteon aequatorialis, is included in the new genus Bathyacteon. Three species are assigned provisionally to already described species until more material becomes available: Acteon cf. nakayamai, Maxacteon cf. kawamurai, “Acteon” laetus. Thirty-eight species remain unnamed because of the absence of adequate information, but the shells are illustrated. Most species are described based on conchological data. Fourteen species of Acteonidae and two of Retusidae are provisionally assigned to the artifi cial taxa “Acteon” and “Retusidae” until anatomical data become available. The present collecting effort in the southwest Pacifi c has produced large numbers of previously undocumented species. The largest number of species was found in the area comprising the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna, which is probably a consequence of a greater collecting effort. The list of species refl ects a high degree of endemism in the deep sea fauna from the southwest Pacifi c. Only a few widespread Indo-Pacific species have been found in the deep sea. It also appears that there is some sort of isolation between the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna region and the Philippines and Indonesia region, which is refl ected in the small number of species shared between these two areas. Most species of “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs studied here have broad bathymetric ranges compared to other groups of opisthobranchs, which may be a result of a higher ecological adaptability of this group, or may be an artifact caused by transport of empty shells. When only specimens collected alive are considered, the bathymetric ranges of most species are considerably narrower. Most species studied are exclusively found in the deep sea, but a small number of shallow water species have been recorded here for the fi rst time in deep waters. When the ranges of empty shells are examined there appears to be a turnover of “cephalaspidean” heterobranch species at about 1000-1200 m depth and a blurry transition between shallow waters and the deep sea. When only specimens collected alive are considered, there is a sharp boundary at about 200 m that clearly separates the shallow water and the deep sea faunas. “Cephalaspidean” heterobranch species are more common relative to other groups of opisthobranchs in deep waters than in shallow waters, but this result may be an artefact caused by the collecting techniques.
- Ahyong, Shane T., Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, The Cymonomidae of the Philippines (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura), with descriptions of four new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 233-246
Cabezas, Patricia, Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2009, Morphological and molecular description of new species of squat lobster (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae) from the Solomon and Fiji Islands (South-West Pacific), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 156, 3, 465-493
doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00492.x Résumé [+] [-]The family Galatheidae is among the most diverse families of anomuran decapod crustaceans, and the South-West Pacific is a biodiversity hot spot for these squat lobsters. Attempts to clarify the taxonomic and evolutionary relationships of the Galatheidae on the basis of morphological and molecular data have revealed the existence of several cryptic species, differentiated only by subtle morphological characters. Despite these efforts, however, relationships among genera are poorly understood, and the family is in need of a detailed systematic review. In this study, we assess material collected in different surveys conducted in the Solomon Islands, as well as comparative material from the Fiji Islands, by examining both the morphology of the specimens and two mitochondrial markers (cytochrome oxidase subunit 1, COI, and 16S rRNA). These two sources of data revealed the existence of eight new species of squat lobster, four of which were ascribed to the genus Munida, two to the genus Paramunida, one to the genus Plesionida, and the last species was ascribed to the genus Agononida. These eight species are described along with phylogenetic relationships at the genus level. Our findings support the taxonomic status of the new species, yet the phylogenetic relationships are not yet fully resolved. Further molecular analysis of a larger data set of species, and more conserved genes, will help clarify the systematics of this group. (C) 2009 The Linnean Society of London, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2009, 156, 465-493.
Juncker, Matthieu, Poupin, Joseph, 2009, Crustacés de Nouvelle-Calédonie (Décapodes & Stomatopodes) Illustration des espèces communes et liste documentée des espèces terrestres et des récifs, 116
Résumé [+] [-]Les espèces les plus communes de crustacés décapodes et stomatopodes de Nouvelle- Calédonie ont été photographiées en mars 2009 dans 3 stations principales : en Province Sud, aux environs de Nouméa et sur les îlots Rédika et Ka ; en Province Nord, entre la presqu'île de Pindaï et Voh ; et aux îles Loyauté, à Lifou. Au total 19 stations ont été visitées en pêche à pied à basse-mer ou en plongée sous-marine sur des fonds de 1-20 m, de jour et de nuit. Une petite collection de référence a été constituée pour un examen au laboratoire nécessaire à certaines déterminations. Cette récolte est déposée dans les collections du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle de Paris. Les photographies des auteurs réalisées in situ ou au laboratoire ont été complétées avec celles d’une dizaine de plongeurs photographes ayant accepté de participer à ce projet de recherche. La photothèque ainsi constituée comprend plus de 600 clichés exploitables, correspondant à 176 espèces différentes. Ces photographies sont présentées sur des planches photographiques pour servir d’aide à la détermination aux gestionnaires de l’environnement marin de Nouvelle-Calédonie et aux plongeurs photographes amateurs. Les espèces sont présentées par ordre alphabétique sur des planches regroupées par grands groupes taxonomiques : stomatopodes et langoustes, crevettes, bernard l’ermite, et crabes. Les déterminations provisoires sont indiquées par 'cf.' Parallèlement à cet inventaire photographique, une liste documentée préliminaire des espèces de crustacés stomatopodes et décapodes terrestres et de petits fonds, en excluant les espèces toujours récoltées au-delà de 100 m, est proposée pour la Nouvelle-Calédonie et les archipels voisins (Chesterfield, Entrecasteaux, Loyauté). Cette liste a été compilée en collaboration avec B. Richer de Forges et C. Hoffschir du centre IRD de Nouméa à partir des données de la BD 'Océane', complétées par les nouveaux signalements effectués au cours de ce travail et une recherche bibliographique supplémentaire. Elle comprend 939 espèces pour lesquelles sont indiquées : profondeurs minimale-maximale, au moins une référence bibliographique attestant de sa présence en Nouvelle-Calédonie, la liste des campagnes de prospection concernées et des lieux-dits de récolte.
Kool, Hugo H., 2009, Nassarius alabasteroides n. sp., a new nassariid species from the tropical South Pacific Ocean (Gastropoda: Nassariidae), Miscellanea Malacologica, 3, 5, 97-100
Résumé [+] [-]A new deepwater species, Nassarius alabasteroides n. sp., is described from New Caledonia, the Chesterfield Islands and Vanuatu. It has been collected during several expeditions of the MNHN, Paris.
- Lorenz F., Fehse D., 2009, The living Ovulidae: a manual of the families of allied cowries: Ovulidae, Pediculariidae and Eocypraeidae., ConchBooks
Macpherson, Enrique, Baba, Keiji, 2009, New species of squat lobsters of the genera Agononida and Paramunida (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Galatheidae) from the western Pacific, Zootaxa, 2024, 56-68
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of squat lobsters are described. Agononida rubrizonata n. sp. from Taiwan, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Queensland and New South Wales, is distinguished from A. incerta (Henderson, 1888) by the male telson with a strong anterolateral process and different color pattern, although females of the two species are not morphologically separable. In order to establish the taxonomic status of A. incerta originally described from a female holotype, topotypic material is described. Paramunida leptotes n. sp. from the Izu Islands off Honshu, Japan, the Kyushu-Palau Ridge, off Amami-oshima of the Ryukyus, and Taiwan is distinguished from P. proxima (Henderson, 1885) by the absence instead of presence of a spine on the posterior ridge of the fourth abdominal somite and much narrower and more elongate third antennal segment that is at least 1.5 times longer than instead of as long as broad and about half instead of two-thirds as broad as the article 2.
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Lemaitre, Rafael, 2009, A new classification for the Pylochelidae (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) and descriptions of new taxa, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 159-231
Résumé [+] [-]A new classification is presented based on the results of the recently completed cladistic analysis of the Pylochelidae. The subfamilies Pylochelinae and Pomatochelinae are retained, the latter with the genera Pylocheles and Cheiroplatea; however, the subgenera Xylocheles and Bathycheles are elevated to generic rank together with the nominal subgenus Pylocheles. In addition, one new species, B. phenax, is described in Bathycheles and B. profundus is shown to be conspecific with B. integer. The subfamilies Parapylochelinae, Cancellochelinae, Trizochelinae, and Mixtopagurinae are reduced to ranks of tribes and included in the subfamily Trizochelinae. A new genus Forestocheles is proposed in the tribe Trizochelini. Within the genus Trizocheles, subspecific rank for T. spinosus bathamae is deemed unjustified and this taxon is placed in synonymy with the nominal subspecies T spinosus spinosus. The correct identity of Trizocheles balssi is established and the species mistakenly thought to represent that taxon is described as T. hoensonae, new species. Trizocheles gracilis is found to be conspecific with T. boasi and an additional new species, T. mendanai, is added to the genus. The superfamilial ranks of Cheiroplateoidea, Pomatocheloidea, Pylocheloidea, and Cancellocheloidea proposed by Watabe (2007) are rejected, as is Birgusoidea.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, On the Majoid genera Oxypleurodon Miers, 1886, and Sphenocarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1875 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Epialtidae), with descriptions of two new genera and five new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 247-266
Résumé [+] [-]On the basis of fresh collections from various parts of the western Pacific, three species of majoid crabs previously considered as rare are redescribed and figured: Oxypleurodon bidens (Sakai, 1969), O. auritum (Rathbun, 1916) and O. coralliophilum (Takeda, 1980). Four new species are described: O. boholense from the Philippines, O. barazeri and O. parallelum front the Solomon Islands, and O. alaini from New Caledonia. A new genus and new species, Stegopleurodon planirostrum, is described from New Caledonia and Vanuatu. The two species currently assigned to the allied American genus Sphenocarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1875, are re-examined, and a new genus, Rhinocarcinus. is established for the Pacific species Sphenocarcinus agassizi Rathbun, 1893.
Vilvens, Claude, 2009, New species and new records of Calliostomatidae (Gastropoda: Trochoidea) from New Caledonia and Solomon Islands, Novapex, 10, 4, 125-163
Résumé [+] [-]New records of 16 known Calliostomatidae species from New Caledonia and Solomon Islands area are listed, extending the distribution area of some of them. Seven new species are described and compared with similar species: Calliostoma (Calliostoma) cochlias n. sp., C. (Fautor) aprosceptum n. sp., C. (F.) diaphoros n. sp., C. (Benthastelena) hexalyssion n. sp., C. (B.) malaita n. sp., C. (Ampullotrochus) tropis n. sp., C. (A.) aporia n. sp. A list of the Calliostomatidae of the Indo-Pacific area is provided with their distribution.
Macpherson, Enrique, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Schnabel, Kareen, Samadi, Sarah, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Garcia-Rubies, Antoni, 2010, Biogeography of the deep-sea galatheid squat lobsters of the Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 57, 2, 228-238
doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.11.002 Résumé [+] [-]We analyzed the distribution patterns of the galatheid squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) of the Pacific Ocean. We used the presence/absence data of 402 species along the continental slope and continental rise (200-2000 m) obtained from 54 cruises carried out in areas around the Philippines, Indonesia, Solomon, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna and French Polynesia. The total number of stations was ca. 3200. We also used published data from other expeditions carried out in the Pacific waters, and from an exhaustive search of ca. 600 papers on the taxonomy and biogeography of Pacific species. We studied the existence of biogeographic provinces using multivariate analyses, and present data on latitudinal and longitudinal patterns of species richness, rate of endemism and the relationship between body sizes with the size of the geographic ranges. Latitudinal species richness along the Western and Eastern Pacific exhibited an increase from higher latitudes towards the Equator. Longitudinal species richness decreased considerably from the Western to the Central Pacific. Size frequency distribution for body size was strongly shifted toward small sizes and endemic species were significantly smaller than non-endemics. This study concludes that a clear separation exists between the moderately poor galatheid fauna of the Eastern Pacific and the rich Western and Central Pacific faunas. Our results also show that the highest numbers of squat lobsters are found in the Coral Sea (Solomon-Vanuatu-New Caledonia islands) and Indo-Malay-Philippines archipelago (IMPA). The distribution of endemism along the Pacific Ocean indicates that there are several major centres of diversity, e.g. Coral Sea, IMPA, New Zealand and French Polynesia. The high proportion of endemism in these areas suggests that they have evolved independently. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
O’Hara, Timothy D., Tittensor, Derek P., 2010, Environmental drivers of ophiuroid species richness on seamounts: Ophiuroid seamount species richness, Marine Ecology, 31, Suppl. 1, 26-38
Peñas, Anselmo, Rolán, Emilio, Gofas, Serge, 2010, Deep water Pyramidelloidea of the Tropical South Pacific: Turbonilla and related genera, Tropical Deep Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 26, 200
Résumé [+] [-]This paper reports on deep water Pyramidellidae from the tropical South Pacific, collected during the Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos expeditions conducted by IRD and MNHN in New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, and French Polynesian, and deals more specifically with those species that can be included in the tribe Turbonillini. Since the different genera have not been thoroughly revised at the present time and there is no certainty about their validity, we have employed only the genus name Turbonilla in a broad sense. In total, 272 species are studied, of which 30 were already known, 33 were too poorly represented to be named and are presented as sp., and 209 are described as new to science. There is a clear decrease in species richness from the Solomon Islands (202 species) eastwards to Fiji (82 species), New Caledonia (85 species), Vanuatu (31 species), Tonga (11 species) and the Marquesas (7 species). Replacement names are proposed for Turbonilla gracilis (A. Adams, 1854) non Turbo gracilis Brocchi, 1814, and Exesilla sulcata Laseron, 1959, non Odostomia sulcata Garrett, 1873, both secondary homonyms in Turbonilla. New taxonomic opinions in this work are the following: Turbonilla theresa Thiele, 1925 and Pyrgiscus mirandus Saurin, 1959 are considered synonyms of Turbonilla funiculata de Folin, 1868; Odontostomia robusta Hedley, 1899, Turbonilla microscopica Laseron, 1959, and Turbonilla (Pyrgostelis) manorae Melvill, 1898 are considered synonyms of Turbonilla mumia (A. Adams, 1861); Turbonilla decussata Pease, 1861, T. elongata Pease, 1868, Proto cornelliana Newcomb, 1870, Chemnitzia coppingeri E. A Smith, 1884, Turbonilla (Lancella) bella Dall & Bartsch, 1906, and Turbonilla (Lancella) vitiensis Pilsbry, 1917 are considered synonyms of Turbonilla varicosa (A. Adams, 1855); Elusa secunda Saurin, 1959 is a synonym of Turbonilla ovalis de Folin, 1868; Turbonilla multigyrata Dunker, 1882 is a synonym of T. candida A. Adams, 1855; Turbonilla lydia Thiele, 1925 is a synonym of Turbonilla crystallina Dall & Bartsch, 1906.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Sysoev, Alexander V., Olivera, Baldomero M., Couloux, Arnaud, Bouchet, Philippe, 2010, Loss of planktotrophy and speciation: geographical fragmentation in the deep-water gastropod genus Bathytoma (Gastropoda, Conoidea) in the western Pacific, Systematics and Biodiversity, 8, 3, 371-394
doi: 10.1080/14772001003748709 Résumé [+] [-]Dispersal capabilities are crucial in how speciation patterns are determined in marine invertebrates. Species possessing a long-living planktonic larva apparently have a dispersal advantage over those with non-planktotrophic development, and their distant populations may exchange genetic material, maintaining a broad geographical range for the species. Recent species of the gastropod genus Bathytoma (Conoidea) are all characterized by non-planktotrophic development, having most probably lost a free-swimming larva in the pre-Pliocene, as Miocene fossils have protoconchs indicating planktotrophic larval development. All have a bathyal distribution (100–1500 m), which implies that their capability for direct expansion on the bottom is restricted by both deep-sea basins and shallow-water areas, especially in insular West and South-West Indo-Pacific. Therefore, it can be hypothesized that Bathytoma populations should represent numerous, mostly allopatric taxa restricted to a single or contiguous island groups. We tested this hypothesis using molecular and morphological characters independently. One hundred and thirty-eight specimens from the Philippines, Solomons, Vanuatu, and the Coral Sea were sequenced for one mitochondrial (COI) and one nuclear (ITS2) gene, and 14 operational molecular units were recognized. When these molecular units are overlaid over shell characters, 13 species (11 unnamed) and one form of uncertain status are recognized: three occur in the Philippines, six in the Solomons and one in New Caledonia. Broad distributions (inter-archipelagic) are uncommon (three species). On the whole, the phylogeographic pattern of the diversity in the genus is rather complex and probably also reflects processes of sympatric and fine-scale allopatric speciation, and local extinctions. The eleven new species are described and named.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., Sysoev, Alexander V., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2011, A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77, 3, 273-308
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyr017 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus-level classification of the Conoidea is presented, based on the molecular phylogeny of Puillandre et al. in the accompanying paper. Fifteen lineages are recognized and ranked as families to facilitate continuity in the treatment of the names Conidae (for 'cones') and Terebridae in their traditional usage. The hitherto polyphyletic 'Turridae' is now resolved as 13 monophyletic families, in which the 358 currently recognized genera and subgenera are placed, or tentatively allocated: Conorbidae (2 (sub) genera), Borsoniidae (34), Clathurellidae (21), Mitromorphidae (8), Mangeliidae (60), Raphitomidae (71), Cochlespiridae (9), Drilliidae (34), Pseudomelatomidae (=Crassispiridae) (59), Clavatulidae (14), Horaiclavidae new family (28), Turridae s. s. (16) and Strictispiridae (2). A diagnosis with description of the shell and radulae is provided for each of these families.
Grave, Sammy, Fransen, Charles, Ng, Peter K.L., Rahayu, Dwi Listyo, 2011, A new species of Dardanus Paul’son from the southwestern Pacific (Decapoda, Anomura, Diogenidae), Studies on Malacostraca: Lipke Bijdeley Holthuis Memorial Volume, 627-635
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of marine hermit crabs, Dan/anus ho/thuisi sp. nov., is described from New Caledonia and Vanuatu. This is one of the few species of Dardanus that live at depths of more than 100 m. This new species resembles D. gemmatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1848) and D. impressus Haan, 1849), but is easily distinguished from those two species by larger spiniform tubercles on the chelipeds, longer and more slender dactyl of the second and third pereopods, shorter ocular peduncles, and red colour on the fixed finger and the dactyl chelipeds, and the dactyl of the second and third pereopods which persist for several years in fixative.
Laurent, Elodie, 2011, Caractérisation et cartographie du substrat des fonds marins de la Zone Economique Exclusive de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Sud-ouest Pacifique)
Résumé [+] [-]La caractérisation du substrat des fonds marins est une première étape fondamentale pour la prédiction des habitats benthiques, la gestion des ressources biologiques ou encore l’inventaire des ressources minérales. Ce travail est d’autant plus essentiel lorsque l’on traite la Zone Economique Exclusive (ZEE) de Nouvelle-Calédonie considérée, à l’échelle globale, comme une des régions les plus riches en termes de biodiversité marine. Ce stage, qui a pour but de cartographier la nature des fonds de la ZEE, s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet de mise en place d’une politique de « gestion intégrée de l’Espace maritime de la Nouvelle-Calédonie ». La méthodologie employée pour répondre à cet objectif a consisté à traiter l’ensemble des données d’imagerie acoustique acquises pour la plupart au cours des campagnes ZoNéCo et à les corréler aux prélèvements disponibles. Ce travail a permis de réaliser la carte de réflectivité des fonds marins couvrant 34 % de la ZEE et la mise à jour de la base de données des prélèvements comptabilisant aujourd’hui plus de 880 échantillons. L'examen approfondi de ces nouvelles données a permis de créer une classification adaptée à la Nouvelle-Calédonie s'inspirant des normes européennes EUNIS. Au final, deux cartes ont été produites : (i) une carte présentant la dureté des fonds marins de la ZEE et (ii) une carte présentant la nature et le type de substrat de la ZEE. Ces nouveaux résultats révèlent la présence de grands ensembles sédimentaires et la découverte de nouvelles structures géologiques. Sur un plan appliqué, ce travail a amélioré la connaissance des ressources minérales de la ZEE et a permis de créer les couches d’informations utiles aux futurs travaux de prédiction des habitats benthiques marins. Il a enfin été l’occasion de dresser des préconisations visant à réduire les incertitudes et orienter les travaux futurs.
O'Hara, Timothy D., Rowden, Ashley A., Bax, Nicholas J., 2011, A Southern Hemisphere Bathyal Fauna Is Distributed in Latitudinal Bands, Current Biology, 21, 3, 226-230
doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2011.01.002 Résumé [+] [-]The large-scale spatial distribution of seafloor fauna is still poorly understood. In particular, the bathyal zone has been identified as the key depth stratum requiring further macro- ecological research [ 1 ], particularly in the Southern Hemi- sphere [ 2 ]. Here we analyze a large biological data set derived from 295 research expeditions, across an equator- to-pole sector of the Indian, Pacific, and Southern oceans, to show that the bathyal ophiuroid fauna is distributed in three broad latitudinal bands and not primarily differentiated by oceanic basins as previously assumed. Adjacent faunas form transitional ecoclines rather than biogeographical breaks. This pattern is similar to that in shallow water despite the order-of-magnitude reduction in the variability of environmental parameters at bathyal depths. A reliable biogeography is fundamental to establishing a representative network of marine reserves across the world’s oceans [1, 3].
Yang, Chien-Hui, Chen, I-Shiung, Chan, Tin‐Yam, 2011, A new slipper lobster of the genus Galearctus Holthuis, 2002 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae) from New Caledonia, Zoosystema, 33, 2, 207-217
doi: 10.5252/z2011n2a4 Résumé [+] [-]Material previously identified as Galearctus kitanoviriosus (Harada, 1962) from New Caledonia has been found to consist of two distinct species. These species differ in the shape of the gastric tooth, third pereiopod propodus, antennal segment IV and thoracic sternum. The shallow water form is the true G. kitanoviriosus, while the deep-water form is new to science. Genetic comparison of the sequence of the barcoding gene, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit (COI), also supports the separation.
Cairns, Stephen, Kitahara, Marcelo, 2012, An illustrated key to the genera and subgenera of the Recent azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa), with an attached glossary, ZooKeys, 227, 1-47
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.227.3612 Résumé [+] [-]The 120 presently recognized genera and seven subgenera of the azooxanthellate Scleractinia are keyed using gross morphological characters of the corallum. All genera are illustrated with calicular and side views of coralla. All termes used in the key are defined in an illustrated glossary. A table of all species-level keys, both comprehensive and faunistic, is provided covering the last 40 years.
Fedosov, Alexander E., Kantor, Yuri I., 2012, A new species and genus of enigmatic turriform Fasciolariidae from the Central Indo-Pacific., Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 141, 2, 137-144
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus and species of Fasciolariidae, Angulofusus nedae n. gen. n. sp. conchologically superficially resembling some Conoidea is described. Radula, anatomy and coloration of the body of the new species suggest that it belongs to subfamily Fusininae, being very similar in anatomy to species of the genus Amiantofusus. The species is broadly distributed in the Indo-Pacific, from the Philippines, through Vanuatu and New Caledonia to Wallis and Futuna in 40 to 105 m.
Houart, Roland, Héros, Virginie, 2012, New species of Muricidae (Gastropoda) and additional or noteworthy records from the western Pacific, Zoosystema, 34, 1, 21-37
doi: 10.5252/z2012n1a2 Résumé [+] [-]Fourteen species of Muricidae referable to the (sub)genera Promurex Ponder & Vokes, 1988, Pygmaepterys Vokes, 1978, Murexsul lredale, 1915, Pazinotus Vokes, 1970, Prototyphis Ponder, 1972, Ponderia Houart, 1986, Gemixystus Iredale, 1929, Leptotrophon Houart, 1995 and Scabrotrophon McLean, 1996 are reported from New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands and Taiwan, to depths down to 1750 m. Five new species are described: Favartia (Pygmaepterys) lifouensis n. sp. from New Caledonia with range extension to the Solomon Islands, Pazinotus chionodes n. sp. and Gemixystus calcareus n. sp. from New Caledonia, Leptotrophon wareni n. sp. from the Solomon Islands and Favartia (Pygmaepterys) circinata n. sp. from Taiwan.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, Rivasseau, Audrey, Bouchet, Philippe, 2012, Neither a buccinid nor a turrid: a new family of deep-sea snails for Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883 (Mollusca, Neogastropoda) with a review of recent Indo-Pacific species, Zootaxa, 3496, 1-64
Résumé [+] [-]The new family Belomitridae is established for the deep-water buccinoid genus Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883, based on morphological (shell and radulae) and molecular evidence. The rachiglossate radula is uniquely characterized by a multicuspid rachidian and lateral teeth with very long narrow bases and two small cusps closer to tip. Molecular analysis of a reduced set of Buccinoidea did not resolve the group as a clade, but shows that Belomitridae forms a well supported clade within Buccinoidea. Species of Belomitra have adult sizes in the 7-53 mm range; they live in deep water, mostly in the 500-2,000 meters range, at low and mid latitudes. Eleven valid species described from the Indo-Pacific were originally named in the families Buccinidae, Columbellidae, Cancellariidae, Volutidae, and Turridae. Fourteen new species are described: Belomitra nesiotica n. sp. (Society Islands to Tonga and Fiji in 580-830 m), B. bouteti n. sp. (Society and Tuamotu Islands in 430-830 m), B. subula n. sp. (Solomon Islands to Vanuatu in 760-1110 m), B. caudata n. sp. (Sulu Sea in 2300 m), B. gymnobela n. sp. (South Pacific, eastern Indonesia and Philippines in 780-2040 m), B. hypsomitra n. sp. (Fiji in 392-407 m), B. brachymitra n. sp. (Fiji in 395-540 m), B. comitas n. sp. (Madagascar and Philippines in 1075-1110 m), B. minutula (Coral Sea in 490 m), B. granulata n. sp. (New Caledonia in 105-860 m), B. reticulata n. sp. (Tonga and Fiji to New Caledonia in 395-656 m), B. decapitata n. sp. (Indian Ocean and New Caledonia in 3680-4400 m), B. admete n. sp. (off Sri Lanka in 2540 m), and B. radula n. sp. (Madagascar in 367-488 m).
Kleemann, karl, Maestrati, Philippe, 2012, Pacific Lithophaga (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) from recent French expeditions with the description of two new species, Bollettino Malacologico, 48, 73-102
Résumé [+] [-]Pacific specimens of Lithophaga and its subgenus Leiosolenus, collected during recent French expeditions to New Caledonia, Vanuatu, the Philippines and French Polynesia, were determined and described, including two new species, Lithophaga (Leiosolenus) paraplumula n. sp. And Lithophaga (Leiosolenus) subattenuata n. sp. From the twenty species, three belong to Lithophaga s.s. and seventeen to the subgenus Leiosolenus. In order to help identification of the two new species and some others, selected specimens are figured in left lateral, right lateral and dorsal view. A taxonomic key is provided for determination.
Komai Tomoyuki, 2012, A review of the western Pacific species of the crangonid genus Metacrangon Zarenkov, 1965 (Decapoda: Caridea), with descriptions of seven new species, Zootaxa, 3468, 1-77
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the crangonid genus Metacrangon Zarenkov, 1965 (Decapoda: Caridea) from the Northwest and tropical Southwest Pacific Ocean is presented. Twenty-one species, including seven new to science, are recognized: M. asiaticus (Kobjakova, 1955) from the Kuril Islands and Komandor Islands; M. bythos n. sp. from Japan; M. clevai n. sp. from the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu; M. cornuta Komai & Komatsu, 2009 from Japan; M. holthuisi Komai, 2010 from Japan; M. karubar n. sp. from Indonesia to Solomon Islands; M. laevis (Yokoya, 1933) from northern Japan and the Russian Far East; M. longirostris (Yokoya, 1933) from Japan; M. miyakei Kim, 2005 from Japan; M. monodon (Birshtein & Vinogradov, 1951) from the North Kuril Islands; M. nipponensis (Yokoya, 1933) from Japan; M. obliqua n. sp. from Japan; M. ochotensis (Kobjakova, 1955) from the South Kuril Islands; M. proxima Kim, 2005 from Japan; M. punctata n. sp. from Indonesia, Solomon Islands and New Caledonia; M. robusta (Kobjakova, 1935) from the Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk; M. similis Komai, 1997 from Japan; M. sinensis Fujino & Miyake, 1970 from the northern part of the East China Sea; M. trigonorostris (Yokoya, 1933) from Japan; M. tropis n. sp. from Japan; and M. tsugaruensis n. sp. from Japan. These species are classified into two informal species groups. The new species are fully described and illustrated. Some previously known species, for which detailed descriptions along modern standards are deemed necessary, are redescribed. Metacrangon asiaticus is elevated from a subspecies of M. variabilis to full species status. A key to aid in the identification of the western Pacific species is provided. Bathymetrical and geographical distributions of the treated species are summarized. It is strongly suggested that each species is highly localized. The species richness is highest in waters around the Japanese Archipelago (17 of the 41 known species occur in the areas).
Dijkstra, Henk H., Maestrati, Philippe, 2013, New species and new records of bathyal living Pectinoidea (Bivalvia: Propeamussiidae: Pectinidae) from the Southwest Pacific, Zoosystema, 35, 4, 469-478
doi: 10.5252/z2013n4a1 Résumé [+] [-]Nineteen species of Pectinoidea (16 Propeamussiidae, 3 Pectinidae) are herein listed. All species from the Solomon Islands (9 species), and New Caledonia (Norfolk Ridge , main island of New Caledonia , Grand Passage , Coral Sea ) are new records. Two Propeamussiidae species are new to science: Parvamussium orbiculatum n. sp. (Solomon Islands and Coral Sea) and Parvamussium perspicuum n. sp. (Vanuatu). One pectinid species from Vanuatu (Juxtamusium sp.) will be described later, when more material becomes available.
Faber, Marien J., 2013, Ten new species of Rissoinidae from the Central Indo-Pacific (Gastropoda: Rissooidea), Miscellanea Malacologica, 6, 2, 15-34
Résumé [+] [-]From the Philippines, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia, ten new species of Rissoinidae are described, namely Ailinzebina laticostata, A. sleursi, Rissoina aspera, R. guttulata, R. limicola, R. maestratii, R. neptis, R. opalia, R. quasimodo, and Takirissoina crocata. The material was obtained by various cruises organized by, or in cooperation with, the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris. The new species are compared with other rissoinids that are already known. Their vertical distribution varies from 2 to 430 m below sea-level.
Houart, Roland, 2013, Description of two new species of Trophoninae s.l. and Typhinae (Gastropoda: Muricidae) from New Caledonia and comments on Litozamia Iredale, 1929 and Siphonochelus Jousseaume, 1880., Venus, 71, 1-2, 1-11
Résumé [+] [-]Litozamia acares n. sp. and Siphonochelus (Trubatsa) wolffi n. sp. are described from New Caledonia. The radula and the operculum of Litozamia acares are illustrated and described. The classification of Litozamia in Trophoninae is maintained awaiting molecular data to either confirm or modify this decision. Litozamia longior (Verco, 1909) is reinstated as a valid species. The use of the subgenus Choreotyphis Iredale, 1936 is reinstated in Siphonochelus for a single species from eastern Australia, based on differences in shell morphology.
Houart, Roland, 2013, The genus Daphnellopsis (Gastropoda: Muricidae) in the Recent and quaternary of the Indo-West Pacific province., Journal of Conchology, 41, 4, 465-480
Résumé [+] [-]The muricid genus Daphnellopsis Schepman 1913 is revised and maintained in the subfamily Ergalataxinae, waiting for eventual genetic studies. Six species are included, D. fimbriata (Hinds 1843), D. lamellosa Schepman 1913 (type species), D. hypselos Houart 1995 and three new species described herein: D. lozoueti n. sp.; and D. pinedai n. sp., both from the Quaternary (Upper Pleistocene) of Santo, Vanuatu, and D. lochi n. sp. A Recent species of Western Australia. All the species are described or re-described, illustrated and compared with each other, their geographical range is given and illustrated on a map. The protoconchs of five species are illustrated as well as some details of the shells. A jaw is pointed out for the first time in D. fimbriata and is illustrated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) images.
Lemaitre, Rafael, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin-Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea, Parapaguridae): A worldwide review and summary, with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 311-421
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the deep-water hermit crab species of the genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 from the world oceans is presented. The core specimen base for this study has come primarily from the abundant collections of species of this genus obtained during French campaigns over the last four decades, and complemented with numerous specimens from many other deep-sea expeditions and deposited in various museum holdings around the world. Paragiopagurus is one of the most speciose genus among the Parapaguridae Smith, 1882, although it is considered a phylogenetically heterogeneous assemblage and does not appear to have an apomorphy of its own. Bathymetrically, the species range in depth from 36 to 2034 m, although they occur most frequently between 200 and 1000 m. The species utilize as housing, gastropod shells (or rarely scaphopod shells, siliceous sponges, or hollow pieces of wood) that may or may not be colonized by actinians or zoanthids. In this review, 24 species are recognized, of which five are new, P. laperousei n. sp., P. orthotenes n. sp., P. oxychelos n. sp., P. trilineatus n. sp., and P. umbonatus n. sp. The new species are fully described and illustrated. All previously known species of the genus are diagnosed or redescribed, and previously published illustrations of important taxonomic characters assembled and complemented, when useful, with new illustrations. The treatment of each species includes a full synonymy, materials examined (type and non-types), colouration, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Colour photographs are included for 14 of the species. Parapagurus curvispina de Saint Laurent, 1974, a species tentatively moved after its description to Sympagurus Smith, 1883 and then to Paragiopagurus, is herein transferred with certainty to Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996. Parapagurus spinimanus Balss, 1911, a species that had been incorrectly placed in Paragiopagurus, is herein moved to Sympagurus. Parapagurus sculptochela Zarenkov, 1990, a taxon previously considered a junior synonym of Paragiopagurus boletifer (de Saint Laurent, 1972), is herein resurrected as a valid species of Paragiopagurus. The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Paragiopagurus species are summarized and briefly discussed, including a summary table, graph, and map with generalized distribution patterns.
Ma, Ka Yan, Chu, Ka Hou, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The deep-sea spiny lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palinuridae), with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 191-230
Résumé [+] [-]Recent French deep-sea expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific resulted in the collection of abundant material of the deep-sea lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Palinuridae). Difficulties in identification necessitated a generic revision and as a result, five new species are described, all of which are similar to P. angulatus (Bate, 1888). Puerulus angulatus was thought to have a wide distribution from eastern Africa to Marquesas Islands, but is now restricted to the western Pacific, from Japan to Australia. Of the five new species, P. gibbosus n. sp. is found in eastern Africa, P. mesodontus n. sp. from Japan to Fiji, P. richeri n. sp. from the New Caledonia to Marquesas Islands, while P. sericus n. sp. and P. quadridentis n. sp. mainly occur around New Caledonia. Of the other three previously described species, the distribution of P. velutinus Holthuis, 1963, is extended to Fiji, while P. sewelli Ramadan, 1938, and P. carinatus Borradaile, 1910, are still only known from the northern and western parts of the Indian Ocean, respectively. COI gene sequence differences support the morphological species distinctions.
Peñas, Anselmo, Rolán, Emilio, 2013, Revision of the genera Murchisonella and Pseudoaclisina (Gastropoda, Heterobranchia, Murchisonellidae), Vita Malacologica, 11, 15-64
Résumé [+] [-]A revision of the species of two genera of the family Murchisonellidae Casey, 1904, which have Recent representatives: Murchisonella Casey, 1904 and Pseudoaclisina Yoo, 1994, is presented. All the known species are figured, their morphologies described and comparisons made. In the first genus, Murchisonella, 22 species are recognised, from which 10 are new; in the other genus, Pseudoaclisina, there are 7 which all are new species for science.
Pizzini, Mauro, Raines, Bret, Vannozzi, Angelo, 2013, The family Caecidae in the South-West Pacific (Gastropoda: Rissooidea), Bollettino Malacologico, 49, suppl. 10, 1-78
Résumé [+] [-]This regional revision of the family Caecidae from the South-West Pacific, is based on material collected during oceanographic expeditions made by the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris) from 1976 to 2006. The material consists of about 8250 specimens from 208 stations. In addition, material from the Australian Museum (Sydney) (94 lots) and the Western Australian Museum (Perth) (42 lots), and other specimens from private collections, were used. In the present work, 43 species are dealt with, belonging to the genera Caecum (31), Meioceras (4), Parastrophia (6) and Strebloceras (2). Two genera, Gladioceras and Ctiloceras, were not dealt with because of the absence of related material. These are the sole genera considered valid on the basis of their distinct type of development. Of these species, 18 are described as new. An extensive usage of type material was done for comparisons, either on directly or by means of photographs. Lectotypes were selected for Strebloceras cornuoides Carpenter, 1859†, C. chinense Folin, 1868, C. modestum Folin, 1868, C. sepimentum Folin, 1868, C. succineum Folin, 1880, C. bimarginatum Carpenter, 1858, C. inflatum Folin, 1869, C. attenuatum Folin, 1880, M. legumen Hedley, 1899, Parastrophia cornucopiae (Folin, 1869) and Strebloceras subannulatum Folin, 1879.
Chang, Su-Ching, Chan, Tin-Yam, Ahyong, Shane T., 2014, Two new species of the rare lobster genus Thaumastocheles Wood-Mason, 1874 (Reptantia: Nephropidae) discovered from recent deep-sea expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 34, 1, 107-122
doi: 10.1163/1937240X-00002201 Résumé [+] [-]Specimens of species closely related to the rare deep-sea lobster Thaumastocheles japonicus Calman, 1913 were obtained from recent deep-sea expeditions in the West Pacific. Close examination of these specimens, as well as molecular analysis, showed that they represent two species new to science, with many morphological and significant genetic differences (barcoding gene COI sequence divergences 11.5- 14.8%) between each other as well as T. japonicus. Re-examination of the specimens previously assigned to T. japonicus revealed that true T. japonicus has a more northern distribution, from Japan to the South China Sea and the Philippines. The two new species have more southern distributions with T. bipristis n. sp. Restricted to the Philippines and Indonesia, and T. massonktenos n. sp. Being widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific, from the South China Sea to Madagascar and New Caledonia. The genetic data also suggest that T. dochmiodon Chan and de Saint Laurent, 1999 may represent a polymorphic male form of T. japonicus.
Kool, Hugo H., Galindo, Lee Ann, 2014, Description and Molecular Characterization of Six New Species of Nassarius (Gastropoda, Nassariidae) from the Western Pacific Ocean, American Malacological Bulletin, 32, 2, 147-164
doi: 10.4003/006.032.0202 Résumé [+] [-]Six new species of the genus Nassarius Duméril, 1805 are described, based on material collected from the Coral Triangle and the South Pacific. We combine traditional morphology-based descriptions with the molecular (Cytochrome c oxidase I - COI) signature of the new species. New species are: Nassarius ocellatus sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius houbricki sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Queensland and Tonga), Nassarius radians sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius vanuatuensis sp. Nov. (Vanuatu), Nassarius velvetosus sp. Nov. (Western Australia to Fiji) and Nassarius martinezi sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Tonga).
Lemaitre, Rafael, 2014, A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Parapaguridae), with descriptions of nine new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62, 210–301
Résumé [+] [-]A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the deep-water hermit crab genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 is presented. This genus, originally defined for 10 species is set apart from other Parapaguridae as well as other Paguroidea, by one synapomorphy: the presence of an upwardly curved epistomial spine. This study is based on a large amount of specimens deposited in major museums and collected during deep-sea sampling across the world oceans since the late 1800s, with the bulk of material coming from French campaigns in the Indo-Pacific, central and south Pacific during the last 40 years. A total of 24 species are recognised in this investigation, nine of which are new and fully described and illustrated. All previously known species are diagnosed or re-described, including figures assembled from recent published accounts or newly illustrated, of the most important morphological features useful for identifi cations. Information for each species includes a synonymy (full or abbreviated if a synonymy has recently been published), material examined (type and non-types), variations when signifi cant, colouration when available, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Rare colour photographs are included for five species. Species of Oncopagurus range in depth from the Continental Shelf (50 m) to the Continental Rise (2308 m), although they are most commonly found in 50–500 m. Individuals of the majority of species in this genus are minute in size (< 3 mm in shield length), species differ in subtle morphological characters, and often exhibit the same broad morphological variations related to sex and size that has been documented in species of other genera of Parapaguridae. Oncopagurus mironovi Zhadan, 1997, a taxon reported from the Nazca and Sala-y-Gómez Ridges, is considered a junior synonym of the widely distributed O. indicus (Alcock, 1905). The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Oncopagurus species are summarised and briefly discussed, complemented with a summary table, graph, and map with generalised distribution patterns. The scant phylogenetic knowledge of this genus is summarised.
- Wiedrick S., 2014, Review of the genera Otitoma Jousseaume, 1880 and Thelecytharella Shuto, 1969 with the description of two new species (Gastropoda: Conoidea: Pseudomelatomidae) from the southwest Pacific Ocean, The Festivus, 45, 3, 40-53
Aznar-Cormano, Laetitia, Brisset, J., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utgé, José, Zbinden, M., Zuccon, D., Samadi, S., 2015, An improved taxonomic sampling is a necessary but not sufficient condition for resolving inter-families relationships in Caridean decapods, Genetica, 143, 2, 195-205
doi: 10.1007/s10709-014-9807-0 Résumé [+] [-]During the past decade, a large number of multi-gene analyses aimed at resolving the phylogeneticrelationships within Decapoda. However relationships among families, and even among sub-families, remain poorly defined. Most analyses used an incomplete and opportunistic sampling of species, but also an incomplete and opportunistic gene selection among those available for Decapoda. Here we test in the Caridea if improving the taxonomic coverage following the hierarchical scheme of the classification, as it is currently accepted, provides a better phylogenetic resolution for the inter-families relationships. The rich collections of the Muse´um National d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris are used for sampling as far as possible at least two species of two different genera for each family or subfamily. All potential markers are tested over this sampling. For some coding genes the amplification success varies greatly among taxa and the phylogenetic signal is highly saturated. This result probably explains the taxon-heterogeneity among previously published studies. The analysis is thus restricted to the genes homogeneously amplified over the whole sampling. Thanks to the taxonomic sampling scheme the monophyly of most families is confirmed. However the genes commonly used in Decapoda appear non-adapted for clarifying inter-families relationships, which remain poorly resolved. Genome-wide analyses, like transcriptome-based exon capture facilitated by the new generation sequencing methods might provide a sounder approach to resolve deep and rapid radiations like the Caridea.
- Fehse, Dirk, 2015, Contributions to the knowledge of Triviidae, XXIX-D. New Triviidae from Indonesia., Visaya, Supplement 5, 68-85
Ho, Hsuan-Ching, 2015, Description of a new species and redescriptions of two rare species of Parapercis (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae) from the tropical Pacific Ocean, Zootaxa, 3999, 2, 255-271
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3999.2.5 Résumé [+] [-]Parapercis johnsoni sp. nov. is described based on 19 specimens from Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. It differs from congeners in having a combination of the following characters: dorsal-fin rays V, 21; anal-fin rays I, 17; pectoral-fin rays modally 17; pored lateral-line scales modally 52 or 53; predorsal scales 7 or 8; transverse scale rows 3.5 or 4 + 14 or 15; total gill rakers on 1st gill arch 13–16; single row of teeth on vomer; 6 large canines at front of lower jaw; and a distinct coloration. Two rare species, P. flavescens Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979 and P. fuscolineata Fourmanoir, 1985, are redescribed based on the types and newly identified specimens. Comments on other species occurring in the area are provided.
Macpherson, Enrique, Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, 2015, Species of the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from the Indian and Pacific Oceans, with descriptions of 92 new species, Zootaxa, 3913, 1, 1-335
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3913.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Galathea is one of the most speciose and unwieldy groups in the family Galatheidae. The examination of more than 9000 specimens of 144 species collected in the Indian and Pacific Oceans using morphological and molecular characters, has revealed the existence of 92 new species. The specimens examined during this study were obtained by various French expeditions supplemented by other collections from various sources, and including the type specimens of some previously described species. Most of the new species are distinguished by subtle but constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences of the mitochondrial markers COI and/or 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species and redescribe some previously described species for which earlier accounts are not sufficiently detailed for modern standards. Furthermore we include a dichotomous identification key to all species in the genus from the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
- O'Hara, Timothy, Harding, Caroline, 2015, Enigmatic ophiuroids from the New Caledonian region, Memoirs of Museum Victoria, 73, 47–57
Fraussen, Koen, Stahlschmidt, Peter, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, The extensive Indo-Pacific deep-water radiation of Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 (Gastropoda: Buccinidae) and related genera, with descriptions of 21 new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 363-456
Résumé [+] [-]The tropical deep-water Cominellinae commonly assigned to the genera Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 and Eosipho Thiele, 1929 are revised. While the taxonomic details at the generic level were discussed by Kantor et al. (2013), the species level is discussed here. Twentyone new species are described: Manaria astrolabis n. sp. (French Polynesia), M. borbonica n. sp. (Réunion), M. circumsonaxa n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. corindoni n. sp. (Indonesia), M. corporosis n. sp. (the Solomons, Vanuatu, Coral Sea and New Caledonia), M. explicibilis n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. excalibur n. sp. (Indonesia and Western Australia), M. fluentisona n. sp. (the Solomons, Fiji, Wallis and Tonga), M. hadorni n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia), M. indomaris n. sp. (India), M. loculosa n. sp. (Fiji), M. lozoueti n. sp. (North Fiji Basin), M. terryni n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), M. tongaensis n. sp. (Tonga), M. tyrotarichoides n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), Calagrassor bacciballus n. sp. (Philippines), C. delicatus n. sp. (New Zealand), C. hespericus n. sp. (Mozambique), C. pidginoides n. sp. (Philippines, Papua New Guinea, the Solomons and Vanuatu), Enigmaticolus marshalli n. sp. (Kermadec Ridge, Monowai Caldera), and E. voluptarius n. sp. (New Caledonia). Considerable range extensions are recorded: Manaria kuroharai Azuma, 1960 is recorded from the Solomons, New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Tonga; M. brevicaudata (Schepman, 1911) is recorded from Taiwan, the Philippines, the Solomons and Fiji; and Calagrassor poppei (Fraussen, 2001) is recorded from Indonesia and the Solomons. Lathyrus jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, a fossil described from Indonesia, is recorded from the Recent fauna of Indonesia, Philippines and Fiji and is redescribed and placed in Manaria. Sipho jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, another fossil described from Indonesia in the same work, is a secondary homonym of Manaria jonkeri (Koperberg, 1931) and is renamed Manaria koperbergae nom. nov.
Mironov, A. N., Dilman, A. B., Vladychenskaya, I. P., Petrov, N. B., 2016, Adaptive strategy of the Porcellanasterid sea stars, Biology Bulletin, 43, 6, 503-516
- Monsecour, Kevin, Monsecour, David, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, Deep-water Columbellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 291-362
Ng, Peter K.L., Castro, Peter, 2016, Revision of the family Chasmocarcinidae Serène, 1964 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Goneplacoidea), Zootaxa, 4209, 1, 1-182
- Sirenko, Boris I., Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, New, rare bathyal leptochitons (Mollusca, Polyplacophora) from the South and West Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 25-63
Smith-Vaniz, William F., Johnson, G. David, 2016, Hidden diversity in deep-water bandfishes: review of Owstonia with descriptions of twenty-one new species (Teleostei: Cepolidae: Owstoniinae), Zootaxa, 4187, 1, 1-103
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4187.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The bandfish family Cepolidae, comprising the subfamilies Owstoniinae and Cepolinae, is characterized, and defining characters of the three groups are identified and discussed. Characters of larvae of both subfamilies are described and illustrated. Six nominal genera of owstoniines had been proposed by various authors, but we recognize only Owstonia Tanaka. Utility of selected identification characters of the genus are discussed. Differences in lateral-line patterns have been the primary character used by some recent authors for recognition of two owstoniine genera, with Sphenanthias Weber possessing the plesiomorphic lateral-line condition. Several other patterns also occur in these fishes bringing into question the phylogenetic significance of lateral line plasticity. Sexual dimorphism in pelvic fin lengths is also present in several species. Identification keys, descriptions, synonymies, distribution maps and photographs or illustrations are provided for all Owstonia species for which adults are available. Although only 15 valid species were previously known, a remarkable hidden diversity of these fishes was discovered in major museum collections with the following 21 species here described as new: O. ainonaka (eastern Australia), O. contodon (Philippines), O. crassa (New Caledonia and Solomon Islands), O. dispar (Solomon Islands), O. elongata (New Caledonia and Vanuatu), O. fallax (eastern Australia and New Caledonia), O. geminata (Vanuatu and Philippines), O. hastata (eastern Australia), O. hawaiiensis (Hawaiian Islands); O. ignota (Mariana Islands), O. lepiota (Tanzania), O. melanoptera (Philippines), O. merensis (eastern Australia, Torres Strait), O. mundyi (Kiribati, Christmas Island), O. nalani (eastern Australia and New Caledonia), O. nudibucca (eastern Indian Ocean, Mentawai Islands and off Myanmar), O. psilos (Western Australia), O. raredonae (Mozambique), O. rhamma (Vanuatu), O. scottensis (Western Australia, Scott Reefs) and O. similis (Madagascar). Several specimens based on small juveniles, which we describe as Owstonia sp., appear to be additional new species but are not formally described as such.
- Cecalupo, Alberto, Perugia, Ivan, 2017, Cerithiopsidae and Newtoniellidae (Gastropoda: Triphoroidea) from New Caledonia, Western Pacific, Visaya, Suppl. 7, 1-175
Galindo, Lee Ann, Kool, Hugo H., Dekker, Henk, 2017, Review of the Nassarius pauperus (Gould, 1850) complex (Nassariidae): Part 3, reinstatement of the genus Reticunassa, with the description of six new species, European Journal of Taxonomy, 275, 1-43
Morassi, Mauro, Nappo, Andrea, Bonfitto, Antonio, 2017, New species of the genus Otitoma Jousseaume, 1898 (Pseudomelatomidae, Conoidea) from the Western Pacific Ocean, European Journal of Taxonomy, 304, 1-30
- Oliver, Joan Daniel, Rolán, Emilio, 2017, A new species of the genus Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) from the Cape Verde archipelago - Una nueva especie del género Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) del archipiélago de Cabo Verde, Iberus, 35, 1, 47-57
- Peñas, Anselmo, Rolán, Emilio, Sociedad española de malacología, 2017, Deep water Pyramidelloidea from the Central and South Pacific: the tribe Chrysallidini, ECIMAT, Universidade de Vigo
Rodriguez-Flores, Paula C., Machordom, Annie, Macpherson, Enrique, 2017, Three new species of squat lobsters of the genus Fennerogalathea Baba, 1988 (Decapoda: Galatheidae) from the Pacific Ocean, Zootaxa, 4276, 1, 46-60
- Vilvens, Claude, 2017, New species and new records of Chilodontidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Seguenzioidea) from the Pacific Ocean, Novapex, 18, HS 11, 1-67
- Fehse, Dirk, 2018, Contributions to the knowledge of the Eratoidae. XVI. New species from New Caledonia and Lifou, Neptunea, 14, 4, 26-35
Rubio, Federico, Rolán, Emilio, 2018, Nine new molluscs (Gastropoda: Truncatelloidea: Tornidae: Vitrinellidae) from the Tropical Indo-Pacific, Novapex, 19, 1, 1-20
Résumé [+] [-]New species of the families Tornidae and Vitrinellidae are studied, and placed in several genera listed below; the samples were collected during the Research Campaigns of the IRD in cooperation with the MNHN. The described species are new to science and were placed in the following genera: Tornus (T. propinquus), Uzumakiella (U. solomonensis), Ponderinella (P. difficilis), Neusas (N. juliae, N. inesae, N. distorta) and Anticlimax (A. senenbarroi, A. salustianomatoi, A. juanvianoi). Comparison is made with the previously known related species. currently placed in the same genera and, in one case, with a species from a different genus.
Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2018, A rare and unusual new bittiine genus with two new species from the South Pacific (Cerithiidae, Gastropoda), ZooKeys, 758, 1-18
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.758.25100 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Limatium gen. n., and two new species, L. pagodula sp. n. and L. aureum sp. n. are described, found on outer slopes of barrier reefs and fringing reefs in the South Pacific. They are rare for cerithiids, which typically occur in large populations. The two new species are represented by 108 specimens sampled over a period of 30 years, only 16 of which were collected alive. Three subadults from the Philippines and Vanuatu likely represent a third species. In addition to their rarity, Limatium species are atypical for cerithiids in their smooth, polished, honey to golden brown shells with distinctive white fascioles extending suture to suture. The radula presents a unique morphology that does not readily suggest an affinity to any of the cerithiid subfamilies. Two live-collected specimens, one of each species and designated as holotypes, were preserved in 95% ethanol and sequenced. Bayesian analysis of partial COI and 16S rDNA sequences demonstrates a placement in the Bittiinae, further extending our morphological concept of the subfamily.
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Liste des participants
- Auchère, Sandrine (Malacologiste, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Collecte - Tri
- Bouchet, Philippe (Malacologiste, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle)
- Collecte - Tri
- Chevillon, Christophe (Benthologue, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Collecte - Tri
- Lapetite, Alain (Technicien, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Collecte - Tri
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand (Carcinologie - Benthologie, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Chef de mission