Date et lieu de départFri May 18 00:00:00 CEST 2007
Date et lieu d'arrivéeTue Jun 05 00:00:00 CEST 2007 Manille
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Travaux effectués :
- Bouchet, Philippe, Santos, Marivene Manuel, 2008, AURORA 2007 Cruise report, 88
Haga, Takuma, Kase, Tomoki, 2008, Jouannetia (Pholadopsis) spinosa: A New Species of Spinous Rock-boring Pholadid (Bivalvia: Myoida) from the West Pacific, Venus, 67, 1-2, 27-40
Résumé [+] [-]Jouannetia (Pholadopsis) spinosa n. sp. is described as the second species in the West Pacific and the sixth species of the subgenus Pholadopsis. It lives in weakly consolidated mud and sand blocks obtained from relatively deep waters in Japan and the Philippines. J. (P.) spinosa n. sp. is characterized by a small spherical shell with dense spiny sculpture, remarkably concave posterior portion of the anterior slope, a siphonoplax with claw-like spines on the posterior margin, and red pigmentation on the translucent mantle collar at the base of the siphon. It bas been collected from depths ranging from 50 to 180 m, and shows a marked difference in depth range compared to the intertidal congener Jouannetia (Pholadopsis) globulosa in the West Pacific. The structure of the mesoplax in the subfamily Jouannetiinae is also discussed in detail.
- Komai, Tomoyuki, Chan, Tin-Yam, 2008, Further records of deep-sea shrimps of the genus Glyphocrangon A. Milne-Edwards, 1881 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea) from the Philippines, with descriptions of three new species, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 19, 39–62
Lozouet, Pierre, Maestrati, Philippe, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, A quarter-century of deep-sea malacological exploration in the South and West Pacific: Where do we stand? How far to go?, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]The Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD, formerly ORSTOM) and Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) launched in the early 1980s a suite of oceanographic expeditions to sample the deep-water benthos of the tropical South and West Pacific, with emphasis on the 100-1,500 m bathymetric zone. This paper reviews the development of this programme to date. It describes the procedures involved in curating the material collected and the involvement of an international network of taxonomic experts to identify, describe and name the molluscan fauna. So far, 1,028 species of molluscs have been recorded from the New Caledonia Exclusive Economic Zone from depths below 100 m, and 601 of these (58.4%) were new species. An additional 142 new species have been described from other South Pacifi c island groups (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Tonga, Marquesas Islands and Austral Islands). However, the hyper-diverse families have essentially remained untouched. Regional differences among island groups are high, and New Caledonia, which has been sampled best, shows several discrete areas of micro-endemism. We speculate that the deep-sea mollusc fauna of New Caledonia may amount to 15-20,000 species, and the corresponding number for the whole South Pacifi c may be in the order of 20-30,000 species.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2008, New western Pacific records of Homolidae De Haan, 1839, with descriptions of new species of Homolochunia Doflein, 1904, and Latreillopsis Henderson, 1888 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura), Zootaxa, 1967, 1-35
Résumé [+] [-]Several species of rarely reported deep-sea homolid crabs are recorded from various locations in the western Pacific: Homola ikedai, H. mieensis, H. coriolisi, Homolomannia occlusa, Homolochunia kullar, H. valdiviae, H. gadaletae, Lamoha superciliosa, L. longipes, L. longirostris, L. inflata and Yaldwynopsis saguili. Two new species are described as new, Homolochunia menezi n. sp., from the Solomon Islands and Latreillopsis trispinosa n. sp. from the Philippines.
Yang, Chien-Hui, Chen, I-Shiung, Chan, Tin-Yam, 2008, A new slipper lobster of the genus Petrarctus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Scyllaridae) from the west pacific, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 19, 71-81
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of slipper lobster, Petrarctus holthuisi, new species, is found from the recent expeditions to the Philippines and Vanuatu. The new species resembles P. rugosus (H. Milne Edwards, 1837) but has a different colouration and several morphological differences. Comparisons of the partial sequence of cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) show high degree of divergence (12.5-22.3%) among all the species of Petrarctus. The molecular genetic analysis also suggests that the recent separation of Scyllarus sensu Into may need to be revised. A key to all Petrarctus species is provided.
- Ahyong, Shane T., Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, The Cymonomidae of the Philippines (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura), with descriptions of four new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 233-246
Galil, Bella S., Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, Calappoidea and Leucosioidea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from Luzon, Philippines, with descriptions of two new species of Mursia, Zootaxa, 2085, 45-60
Résumé [+] [-]Twenty-two species of calappoid and leucosioid crabs were identified among the material collected off Aurora Province, western coast of Luzon, Philippines, in 1987. This includes two new species of calappids, Mursia aurorae n. sp., and M. steinhardti n. sp. Two leucosioid species are new records for the Philippines: Iphiculus convexus Ihle, 1918 (Iphiculidae), and Myra digitata Galil, 2004 (Leucosiidae).
Lorion, Julien, Duperron, Sébastien, Gros, Olivier, Cruaud, Corinne, Samadi, Sarah, 2009, Several deep-sea mussels and their associated symbionts are able to live both on wood and on whale falls, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276, 1654, 177-185
doi: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1101 Résumé [+] [-]Bathymodiolin mussels occur at hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, where they thrive thanks to symbiotic associations with chemotrophic bacteria. Closely related genera Idas and Adipicola are associated with organic falls, ecosystems that have been suggested as potential evolutionary 'stepping stones' in the colonization of deeper and more sulphide-rich environments. Such a scenario should result from specializations to given environments from species with larger ecological niches. This study provides molecular-based evidence for the existence of two mussel species found both on sunken wood and bones. Each species specifically harbours one bacterial phylotype corresponding to thioautotrophic bacteria related to other bathymodiolin symbionts. Phylogenetic patterns between hosts and symbionts are partially congruent. However, active endocytosis and occurrences of minor symbiont lineages within species which are not their usual host suggest an environmental or horizontal rather than strictly vertical transmission of symbionts. Although the bacteria are close relatives, their localization is intracellular in one mussel species and extracellular in the other, suggesting that habitat choice is independent of the symbiont localization. The variation of bacterial densities in host tissues is related to the substrate on which specimens were sampled and could explain the abilities of host species to adapt to various substrates.
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Lemaitre, Rafael, 2009, A new classification for the Pylochelidae (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) and descriptions of new taxa, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 159-231
Résumé [+] [-]A new classification is presented based on the results of the recently completed cladistic analysis of the Pylochelidae. The subfamilies Pylochelinae and Pomatochelinae are retained, the latter with the genera Pylocheles and Cheiroplatea; however, the subgenera Xylocheles and Bathycheles are elevated to generic rank together with the nominal subgenus Pylocheles. In addition, one new species, B. phenax, is described in Bathycheles and B. profundus is shown to be conspecific with B. integer. The subfamilies Parapylochelinae, Cancellochelinae, Trizochelinae, and Mixtopagurinae are reduced to ranks of tribes and included in the subfamily Trizochelinae. A new genus Forestocheles is proposed in the tribe Trizochelini. Within the genus Trizocheles, subspecific rank for T. spinosus bathamae is deemed unjustified and this taxon is placed in synonymy with the nominal subspecies T spinosus spinosus. The correct identity of Trizocheles balssi is established and the species mistakenly thought to represent that taxon is described as T. hoensonae, new species. Trizocheles gracilis is found to be conspecific with T. boasi and an additional new species, T. mendanai, is added to the genus. The superfamilial ranks of Cheiroplateoidea, Pomatocheloidea, Pylocheloidea, and Cancellocheloidea proposed by Watabe (2007) are rejected, as is Birgusoidea.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Baylac, Michel, Boisselier-Dubayle, Marie-Catherine, Cruaud, Corinne, Samadi, Sarah, 2009, An integrative approach to species delimitation in Benthomangelia (Mollusca: Conoidea), Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 96, 3, 696–708
Résumé [+] [-]DNA sequences are currently used to propose primary hypotheses of species delimitation, especially when morphological variability is difficult to assess. In an integrative taxonomy framework, these hypotheses are then compared with other characters, such as morphology or geography, to produce robust species delimitations. For this purpose, the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene has been sequenced for almost 50 specimens of the genus Benthomangelia, a deep-sea marine gastropod genus, collected in the South-West Pacific. Five genetic groups, displaying low and high genetic distances respectively within and between groups, were defined. COI hypotheses were compared with both the results obtained with the independent nuclear 28S gene and with an elliptic Fourier analysis of the shape of the last whorl of the shell. 28S gene analysis confirmed the same well-supported groups as COI, and elliptic Fourier analysis identified several morphological characters that vary similarly to genetic variability. (C) 2009 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2009, 96, 696-708.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Couloux, Arnaud, Samadi, Sarah, 2009, Identifying gastropod spawn from DNA barcodes: possible but not yet practicable, Molecular Ecology Resources, 9, 5, 1311-1321
doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2009.02576.x Résumé [+] [-]Identifying life stages of species with complex life histories is problematic as species are often only known and/or described from a single stage. DNA barcoding has been touted as an important tool for linking life-history stages of the same species. To test the current efficacy of DNA barcodes for identifying unknown mollusk life stages, 24 marine gastropod egg capsules were collected off the Philippines in deep water and sequenced for partial fragments of the COI, 16S and 12S mitochondrial genes. Two egg capsules of known shallow-water Mediterranean species were used to calibrate the method. These sequences were compared to those available in GenBank and the Barcode of Life Database ( BOLD). Using COI sequences alone, only a single Mediterranean egg capsule was identified to species, and a single Philippine egg capsule was identified tentatively to genus; all other COI sequences recovered matches between 76% and 90% with sequences from BOLD and GenBank. Similarity-based identification using all three markers confirmed the Mediterranean specimens' identifications. A phylogenetic approach was also implemented to confirm similarity-based identifications and provide a higher-taxonomic identification when species-level identifications were not possible. Comparison of available GenBank sequences to the diversity curve of a well-sampled coral reef habitat in New Caledonia highlights the poor taxonomic coverage achieved at present in existing genetic databases, emphasizing the need to develop DNA barcoding projects for megadiverse and often taxonomically challenging groups such as mollusks, to fully realize its potential as an identification and discovery tool.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, New genera, new species and new records of Indo-West Pacific spider crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura: Epialtidae: Majoidea), Zootaxa, 2025, 1-20
Résumé [+] [-]Three new genera and five new species of epialtid majoid crabs are described from deep water in the western Pacific. Two new species of Oxypleurodon Miers, 1886: O. sanctaeclausi n. sp. and O. annulatum n. sp. are described from the Philippines. New specimens of the rare Oxypleurodon carbunculum (Rathbun, 1906) from the Hawaiian Islands are also recorded. Three new genera are established: Garthinia n. gen. for G. disica n. sp. from the Solomon Islands; Guinotinia n. gen. for G. cordis n. sp. from New Caledonia and G. lehouarnoi n. sp. from Fiji and Tonga; and Laubierinia n. gen. for Sphenocarcinus nodosus Rathbun, 1916, and Rochinia carinata Griffin & Tranter, 1986.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, On the Majoid genera Oxypleurodon Miers, 1886, and Sphenocarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1875 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Epialtidae), with descriptions of two new genera and five new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 247-266
Résumé [+] [-]On the basis of fresh collections from various parts of the western Pacific, three species of majoid crabs previously considered as rare are redescribed and figured: Oxypleurodon bidens (Sakai, 1969), O. auritum (Rathbun, 1916) and O. coralliophilum (Takeda, 1980). Four new species are described: O. boholense from the Philippines, O. barazeri and O. parallelum front the Solomon Islands, and O. alaini from New Caledonia. A new genus and new species, Stegopleurodon planirostrum, is described from New Caledonia and Vanuatu. The two species currently assigned to the allied American genus Sphenocarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1875, are re-examined, and a new genus, Rhinocarcinus. is established for the Pacific species Sphenocarcinus agassizi Rathbun, 1893.
Sammy De Grave, N., Pentcheff, Dean, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Crandall, Keith A., Dworschak, Peter C., Felder, Darryl L., Feldmann, Rodney M., Fransen, Charles H. J. M., Goulding, Laura Y. D., Lemaitre, Rafael, Low, Martyn E. Y., Ng, Peter K.L., Schweitzer, Carrie E., Tan, S. H., Tshudy, Dale, Wetzer, Regina L., 2009, A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 21, 1–109
Résumé [+] [-]We present an updated classification for the entire Crustacea Decapoda, listing all known families and genera organized by higher taxonomic groups and including estimates of the number of species in every genus. All taxonomic names are also linked to the verified literature in which they were described, the first compilation of its kind for the Decapoda. To arrive at this compilation, we began with the classification scheme provided by Martin & Davis (2001) for extant families,, updated the higher classification and included the fossil taxa. The resultant framework was then populated with the currently valid genera and an estimate of species numbers within each genus. Our resulting classification, spanning both extant (living) and fossil taxa, is the first comprehensive estimate of taxonomic diversity within the entire Decapoda. The classification consists of 233 families of decapods containing 2,725 genera and an estimated 17,635 species (including both extant and fossil species). Of the families in our classification, 53 are exclusively fossil, 109 contain both fossil and extant species, and 71 are extant only. The current estimate for extant species is 14,756, whereas 2,979 species are known exclusively as fossils.
ter Poorten, Jan Johan, 2009, The Cardiidae of the Panglao Marine Biodiversity Project 2004 and the Panglao 2005 deep-sea cruise with descriptions of four new species (Bivalvia), Vita Malacologica, 8, 9-96
Résumé [+] [-]Sixty-three Cardiidae species (including Tridacninae) sampled by the 2004 Panglao Marine Biodiversity Project (PMBP) to Panglao, Philippines, and the PANGLAO 2005 Deep-Sea Cruise are described. In addition, Cardiidae species lists of the Philippine Cuming Tour 2005 and AURORA 2007 expedition are provided. Four species are new to science: Fragum grasi spec. nov., Frigidocardium helios spec. nov., F. sancticaroli spec. nov. and Microcardium velatum spec. nov. For the following six species this paper includes the first published records for the Philippines: Acrosterigma dianthinum (Melvill & Standen, 1899), F. torresi (E.A. Smith, 1885), Fulvia (Laevifulvia) subquadrata Vidal & Kirkendale, 2007, Microfragum erugatum (Tate, 1889), M. subfestivum (Vidal & Kirkendale, 2007) and Vasticardium sewelli (Prashad, 1932). Indo-Pacific range extensions for several other species are given. Ecological data support assignment of Afrocardium to Orthocardiinae. Cardium (Ctenocardia) victor Angas, 1872 and Cardium bomasense Martin, 1917 are transferred to Freneixicardia, the former being the sole extant representative of the genus, and of which Cardium (Trachycardium) hulshofi Pannekoek, 1936 is a new synonym. Based on shell morphology, it is shown that the current variously adopted generic assignments of Cardium lobulatum Deshayes, 1855, C. attenuatum G.B. Sowerby 2nd, 1841, C. biradiatum Bruguière, 1789 and C. multipunctatum G.B. Sowerby 1st in Broderip & Sowerby 2nd, 1833 are unsatisfactory. As a consequence, the alleged Indo-Pacific presence of the genus Laevicardium is questionable. Fulvia (Laevifulvia) imperfecta Vidal & Kirkendale, 2007 is a new synonym of “Laevicardium” lobulatum Deshayes, 1855. Habitat preferences of the taxa encountered during PMBP 2004 are defined, based on four main macro-habitat categories. SEM photos, showing the early ontogenetic stages, demonstrate markedly allomorphic growth of some taxa. Description of the process of development to the terminal shell shape provides a more complete species concept and rigorous species delimitation.
Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Bouchet, Philippe, 2010, Mighty claws: a new genus and species of lobster from the Philippine deep sea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Nephropidae), Zoosystema, 32, 3, 525-535
doi: 10.5252/z2010n3a11 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus and species of deepwater lobster of the family Nephropidae, Dinochelus ausubeli n. gen., n. sp., is described from the Philippine Sea off the island of Luzon. The new genus and species is most closely related to species of Thaumastocheles and Thaumastochelopsis, sharing the distinctive, strongly dimorphic chelipeds, and shares features of both genera. Most notably, D. ausubeli n. gen., n. sp. shares movable well-developed eyestalks with species of Thaumastochelopsis (versus highly reduced and fixed eyestalks in species of Thaumastocheles), and similar branchial formula and uropod structure with Thaumastocheles. Dinochelus n. gen. differs from species of Thaumastocheles and Thaumastochelopsis (as well as all other clawed lobsters) in having an inverted, T-shaped epistome. Phylogenetic analysis of 12S rRNA sequences indicated that Dinochelus n. gen. is sister to a Thaumastocheles + Thaumastochelopsis clade. The new species is named after Jesse Ausubel at the occasion of the 10-year synthesis of the Census of Marine Life.
Barco, A., Claremont, Martine, Reid, David G., Houart, Roland, Bouchet, Philippe, Williams, S.T., Cruaud, Corinne, Couloux, Arnaud, OLIVERIO, M., 2010, A molecular phylogenetic framework for the Muricidae, a diverse family of carnivorous gastropods, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 56, 3, 1025-1039
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.03.008 Résumé [+] [-]With over 1600 extant described species, the Muricidae are one of the most species-rich and morphologically diverse families of molluscs. As predators of molluscs, polychaetes, anthozoans barnacles and other invertebrates, they form an important component of many benthic communities. Traditionally, the classification of muricids at specific and generic levels has been based primarily on shells, while subfamilies have been defined largely by radular morphology, although the composition and relationships of suprageneric groups have never been studied exhaustively. Here we present the phylogenetic relationships of 77 muricid species belonging to nine of the ten currently recognized subfamilies, based on Bayesian inference and Maximum Likelihood analyses of partial sequences of three mitochondrial (12S, 16S and COI) and one nuclear (28S) genes. The resulting topologies are discussed with respect to traditional subfamilial arrangements, and previous anatomical and molecular findings. We confirm monophyly of each of the subfamilies Ergalataxinae, Rapaninae, Coralliophilinae, Haustrinae, Ocenebrinae and Typhinae as previously defined, but earlier concepts of Muricinae, Trophoninae and Muricopsinae are shown to be polyphyletic. Based on our phylogenetic hypothesis, a new arrangement of these subfamilies is proposed.
Lorion, Julien, Buge, Barbara, Cruaud, Corinne, Samadi, Sarah, 2010, New insights into diversity and evolution of deep-sea Mytilidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 57, 1, 71-83
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.05.027 Résumé [+] [-]Bathymodiolinae mussels have been used as a biological model to better understand the evolutionary origin of faunas associated with deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Most studies to date, however, have sampled with a strong bias towards vent and seep species, mainly because of a lack of knowledge of closely related species from organic falls. Here we reassess the species diversity of deep-sea mussels using two genes and a large taxon sample from the South-Western Pacific. This new taxonomic framework serves as a basis for a phylogenetic investigation of their evolutionary history. We first highlight an unexpected allopatric pattern and suggest that mussels usually reported from organic falls are in fact poorly specialized with regard to their environment. This challenges the adaptive scenarios proposed to explain the diversification of the group. Second, we confirm that deep-sea mussels arose from organic falls and then colonized hydrothermal vents and cold seeps in multiple events. Overall, this study constitutes a new basis for further phylogenetic investigations and a global systematic revision of deep-sea mussels. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Macpherson, Enrique, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Schnabel, Kareen, Samadi, Sarah, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Garcia-Rubies, Antoni, 2010, Biogeography of the deep-sea galatheid squat lobsters of the Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 57, 2, 228-238
doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.11.002 Résumé [+] [-]We analyzed the distribution patterns of the galatheid squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) of the Pacific Ocean. We used the presence/absence data of 402 species along the continental slope and continental rise (200-2000 m) obtained from 54 cruises carried out in areas around the Philippines, Indonesia, Solomon, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna and French Polynesia. The total number of stations was ca. 3200. We also used published data from other expeditions carried out in the Pacific waters, and from an exhaustive search of ca. 600 papers on the taxonomy and biogeography of Pacific species. We studied the existence of biogeographic provinces using multivariate analyses, and present data on latitudinal and longitudinal patterns of species richness, rate of endemism and the relationship between body sizes with the size of the geographic ranges. Latitudinal species richness along the Western and Eastern Pacific exhibited an increase from higher latitudes towards the Equator. Longitudinal species richness decreased considerably from the Western to the Central Pacific. Size frequency distribution for body size was strongly shifted toward small sizes and endemic species were significantly smaller than non-endemics. This study concludes that a clear separation exists between the moderately poor galatheid fauna of the Eastern Pacific and the rich Western and Central Pacific faunas. Our results also show that the highest numbers of squat lobsters are found in the Coral Sea (Solomon-Vanuatu-New Caledonia islands) and Indo-Malay-Philippines archipelago (IMPA). The distribution of endemism along the Pacific Ocean indicates that there are several major centres of diversity, e.g. Coral Sea, IMPA, New Zealand and French Polynesia. The high proportion of endemism in these areas suggests that they have evolved independently. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Sysoev, Alexander V., Olivera, Baldomero M., Couloux, Arnaud, Bouchet, Philippe, 2010, Loss of planktotrophy and speciation: geographical fragmentation in the deep-water gastropod genus Bathytoma (Gastropoda, Conoidea) in the western Pacific, Systematics and Biodiversity, 8, 3, 371-394
doi: 10.1080/14772001003748709 Résumé [+] [-]Dispersal capabilities are crucial in how speciation patterns are determined in marine invertebrates. Species possessing a long-living planktonic larva apparently have a dispersal advantage over those with non-planktotrophic development, and their distant populations may exchange genetic material, maintaining a broad geographical range for the species. Recent species of the gastropod genus Bathytoma (Conoidea) are all characterized by non-planktotrophic development, having most probably lost a free-swimming larva in the pre-Pliocene, as Miocene fossils have protoconchs indicating planktotrophic larval development. All have a bathyal distribution (100–1500 m), which implies that their capability for direct expansion on the bottom is restricted by both deep-sea basins and shallow-water areas, especially in insular West and South-West Indo-Pacific. Therefore, it can be hypothesized that Bathytoma populations should represent numerous, mostly allopatric taxa restricted to a single or contiguous island groups. We tested this hypothesis using molecular and morphological characters independently. One hundred and thirty-eight specimens from the Philippines, Solomons, Vanuatu, and the Coral Sea were sequenced for one mitochondrial (COI) and one nuclear (ITS2) gene, and 14 operational molecular units were recognized. When these molecular units are overlaid over shell characters, 13 species (11 unnamed) and one form of uncertain status are recognized: three occur in the Philippines, six in the Solomons and one in New Caledonia. Broad distributions (inter-archipelagic) are uncommon (three species). On the whole, the phylogeographic pattern of the diversity in the genus is rather complex and probably also reflects processes of sympatric and fine-scale allopatric speciation, and local extinctions. The eleven new species are described and named.
Puillandre N., Cruaud C., Kantor Y., 2010, Cryptic species in Gemmuloborsonia (Gastropoda: Conoidea), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 76, 1, 11-23
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyp042 Résumé [+] [-]During a broad molecular taxonomic and phylogenetic survey of the gastropod superfamily Conoidea, 80 specimens of several species of the genus Gemmuloborsonia were sequenced for the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene. The genus, originally established for fossil species from the Plio-Pleistocene of the Philippines, now includes living species from bathyal depths of the Indo-Pacific Oceans. The molecular data demonstrated the presence of five separate entities, while only four ‘morphospecies’ could be isolated by visual examination. The two largest groups, representing separate species from the molecular data, were impossible to distinguish with certainty using shell or anatomical characters. To examine shell morphology in more detail the shape of the last whorl was analysed by Fourier analysis, and the Fourier coordinates were used in canonical variate analysis. The majority of the specimens were separated into two groups, but 21.6% of the specimens were impossible to distinguish by morphological characters. One of these two forms was attributed to the known species Gemmuloborsonia moosai Sysoev & Bouchet, 1996, while the other is described as a new species Gemmuloborsonia clandestina. Bathytoma colorata Sysoev & Bouchet, 2001 is transferred to Gemmuloborsonia on the basis of molecular analysis and radular morphology. Another species, represented in our material by a single specimen, remains undescribed.
- Samadi, Sarah, Laure, CORBARI, Lorion, Julien, Hourdez, Stéphanie, Haga, Takuma, Dupont, Joëlle, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2010, Biodiversity of deep-sea organismes associated with sunken-wood ot other organic remains sampled in the tropical Indo-pacific, Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 51, 459-466
Yang, Chien-Hui, Chan, Tin-Yam, Chu, Ka Hou, 2010, Two new species of the “Heterocarpus gibbosus Bate, 1888” species group (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pandalidae) from the western Pacific and north-western Australia, Zootaxa, 2372, 206-220
Résumé [+] [-]The widely distributed deep-sea caridean shrimp Heterocarpus gibbosus Bate, 1888 was previously believed to exhibit considerable variations in the development of the basal rostral crest. Based on the comparison of abundant material from the western Pacific, combined with a molecular genetic analysis using partial sequences of the mitochondrial COI and 16S rRNA genes, three distinct species could be recognized. The true H. gibbosus has a moderately high basal rostral crest and appears to have a more eastern distribution from the South China Sea to the Indian Ocean. Both forms with a very low or very high basal rostral crest are currently undescribed and mainly distributed along the western coast of the Pacific from Japan to Fiji. The low basal rostral crest form, H. abulbus sp. nov., is unique in the genus by lacking a distinct abdominal boss and appears to be restricted to Japan, Taiwan and NE Philippines. The very high basal rostral crest form, H. corona sp. nov., occurs in the western Pacific down to NW Australia.
Ahyong, Shane T., Ng, Peter K.L., 2011, Cyclodorippoid crabs from the Philippines collected by the PANGLAO 2004–2005 and AURORA 2007 expeditions, Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology, 250, 4, 479-487
doi: 10.1016/j.jcz.2011.06.001 Résumé [+] [-]The cyclodorippoid crabs from the Philippines collected by the PANGLAO 2004-2005 and AURORA 2007 expeditions are reported. Five species of Cyclodorippidae are reported: Corycodus mina x sp. nov., Ketamia depressa (Ihle, 1916), Krangalangia spinosa (Zarenkov, 1970), Tymolus brucei Tavares, 1991, and Xeinostoma sakaii Tavares, 1993. Corycodus minax is the second species of the genus to be recorded from the Philippines and is most similar to C. merweae Tavares, 1993, from South Africa. Krangalangia spinosa is reported for the first time from the Philippines. Sexual dimorphism in the length of the walking legs (pereopods 2 and 3) is reported for Tymolus brucei and may be a general feature of cyclodorippoids. One new species of Cymonomidae, Cymonomus liui sp. nov., is also reported, and is most similar to C. curvirostris Sakai, 1965, from Japan. Crown Copyright 2011 Published by Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Ahyong, Shane T., Fransen, Charles H. J. M., De Grave, Sammy, Ng, Peter K.L., 2011, Stomatopoda from the Philippines collected by the AURORA 2007 Expedition (Eurysquilloidea, Lysiosquilloidea and Gonodactyloidea), Studies on Malacostraca: Lipke Bijdeley Holthuis Memorial Volume. Crustaceana Monographs, Crustaceana Monographs, 14, 101–113
Résumé [+] [-]The stomatopods of the superfamilies Eurysquilloidea Manning, 1977, Gonodactyloidea Giesbrecht, 1910, and Lysiosquilloidea Giesbrecht, 1910, collected by the AURORA 2007 Expedition to the northern Philippines, are reported. The collection comprises six species arrayed in five genera and three families. Although small, the collection is significant in including a new species, Raysquilla holthuisi sp. nov. (Eurysquillidae), and the first specimens of Sinosquilla hispida Liu & Wang, 1978 (Eurysquillidae) and Kasim philippinensis (Moosa, 1986) (Tetrasquillidae) to be reported since their original description.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., Sysoev, Alexander V., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2011, A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77, 3, 273-308
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyr017 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus-level classification of the Conoidea is presented, based on the molecular phylogeny of Puillandre et al. in the accompanying paper. Fifteen lineages are recognized and ranked as families to facilitate continuity in the treatment of the names Conidae (for 'cones') and Terebridae in their traditional usage. The hitherto polyphyletic 'Turridae' is now resolved as 13 monophyletic families, in which the 358 currently recognized genera and subgenera are placed, or tentatively allocated: Conorbidae (2 (sub) genera), Borsoniidae (34), Clathurellidae (21), Mitromorphidae (8), Mangeliidae (60), Raphitomidae (71), Cochlespiridae (9), Drilliidae (34), Pseudomelatomidae (=Crassispiridae) (59), Clavatulidae (14), Horaiclavidae new family (28), Turridae s. s. (16) and Strictispiridae (2). A diagnosis with description of the shell and radulae is provided for each of these families.
Lai, Joelle C.Y., Mendoza, Jose Christopher E., Guinot, Danièle, Clark, Paul F., Ng, Peter K.L., 2011, Xanthidae MacLeay, 1838 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Xanthoidea) systematics: A multi-gene approach with support from adult and zoeal morphology, Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology, 250, 4, 407-448
doi: 10.1016/j.jcz.2011.07.002 Résumé [+] [-]Currently, 13 subfamilies are recognised in the brachyuran family Xanthidae: Actaeinae, Antrocarcininae, Chlorodiellinae, Cymoinae, Etisinae, Euxanthinae, Kraussiinae, Liomerinae, Polydectinae, Speocarcininae, Xanthinae, Zalasiinae and Zosiminae. This classification has been based on shared adult features like a transversely ovate carapace, well defined dorsal carapace regions, usually with lateral dentition, stout chelipeds and relatively short ambulatory legs. Such characters are now considered to be convergent. Consequently a number of higher xanthid taxa may be artifical and not monophyletic. A broad sample of 147 xanthid species representing 75 out of 124 genera from all 13 xanthid subfamilies were sampled in a multi-gene analysis. Four markers (three mitochondria] and one nuclear) were used and yielded a tree with ca. 30 xanthid clades. Monophyletic support was demonstrated for the Antrocarcininae (although substantially redefined), Cymoinae, and Polydectinae. Almost every other subfamily was para- or polyphyletic. Furthermore, the two other families of the Xanthoidea, Pseudorhombilidae and Panopeidae, were found nested within the Xanthidae. The molecular results were consistent with phylogenetic relationships implied by a suite of novel and/or neglected "ventral" adult characters including sternal characters, position of genital openings and morphology of the first zoea, instead of "dorsal" characters traditionally used to infer xanthid relationships. (C) 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Modica, Maria Vittoria, Bouchet, Philippe, Cruaud, Corinne, Utge, José, Oliverio, Marco, 2011, Molecular phylogeny of the nutmeg shells (Neogastropoda, Cancellariidae), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 59, 3, 685-697
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.03.022 Résumé [+] [-]Cancellariidae, or nutmeg shells, is a family of marine gastropods that feed on the body fluids and the egg cases of marine animals. The 300 or so living species are distributed worldwide, mostly on soft bottoms, from intertidal to depths of about 1000 m. Although they are a key group for the understanding of neogastropod evolution, they are still poorly known in terms of anatomy, ecology and systematics. This paper reports the first mitochondrial multi-gene phylogenetic hypothesis for the group. Data were collected for 50 morphospecies, representative of 22 genera belonging to the three currently recognized subfamilies. Sequences from three genes (12S, 16S and COI) were analyzed with Maximum Likelihood analysis and Bayesian Inference, both as single gene datasets and in two partitioned concatenated alignment. Largely consistent topologies were obtained and discussed with respect to the traditional subfamilial arrangements. The obtained phylogenetic trees were also used to produce Robinson-Foulds supertrees. Our results confirmed the monophyly of the subfamily Plesiotritoninae, while Admetinae and Cancellariinae, as currently conceived, were retrieved as polyphyletic. Based on our findings we propose changes to the systematic arrangement of these subfamilies. At a lower taxonomic rank, our results highlighted the rampant homoplasy of many characters traditionally used to segregate genera, and thus the need of a critical re-evaluation of the contents of many genera (e.g. Nipponaphera, Merica, Sydaphera, Bivetia), the monophyly of which was not recovered.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Meyer, Christopher P., Bouchet, Philippe, Olivera, Baldomero M., 2011, Genetic divergence and geographical variation in the deep-water Conus orbignyi complex (Mollusca: Conoidea): Diversity in the Conus orbignyi complex, Zoologica Scripta, 40, 4, 350-363
doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00478.x Résumé [+] [-]The cone snails (family Conidae) are a hyperdiverse lineage of venomous gastropods. Two standard markers, COI and ITS2, were used to define six genetically divergent groups within a subclade of Conidae that includes Conus orbignyi; each of these was then evaluated based on their shell morphology. We conclude that three forms, previously regarded as subspecies of C. orbignyi are distinct species, now recognized as C. orbignyi, C. elokismenos and C. coriolisi. In addition, three additional species (C. pseudorbignyi, C. joliveti and C. comatosa) belong to this clade. Some of the proposed species (e. g. C. elokismenos) are possibly in turn complexes comprising multiple species. Groups such as Conidae illustrate the challenges generally faced in species delimitation in biodiverse lineages. In the case of C. orbignyi complex, they are not only definable, genetically divergent lineages, but also considerable geographical variation within each group. Our study suggests that an intensive analysis of multiple specimens within a single locality helps to minimize the confounding effects of geographical variation and can be a useful starting point for circumscribing different species within such a confusing complex.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Kantor, Yuri I., Sysoev, Alexander V., Couloux, Arnaud, Meyer, Christopher P., Rawlings, T., Todd, J. A., Bouchet, Philippe, 2011, The dragon tamed? A molecular phylogeny of the Conoidea (Gastropoda), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77, 3, 259-272
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyr015 Résumé [+] [-]The superfamily Conoidea constitutes one of the most diverse and taxonomically challenging groups among marine molluscs. Classifications based on shell or radular characters are highly contradictory and disputed. Whereas the monophyly of the Conidae and Terebridae has not been challenged, the other constituents of the superfamily are placed in a 'trash' group, the turrids, the non-monophyly of which has been demonstrated by anatomical and molecular evidence. We present here a new molecular phylogeny based on a total of 102 conoidean genera (87 'turrids', 5 cones and 10 terebrids) and three mitochondrial genes [cytochrome oxidase I (COI), 12S rRNA and 16S rRNA]. The resulting tree recognizes 14 clades. When the Conidae (Conus s.l.) and Terebridae are ranked as families for consistency of usage, the 'turrids' must be split into 12 families of comparable rank. A new genus-level classification of the Conoidea is published in an accompanying paper.
Tsoi, Kwok Ho, Chan, Tin‐Yam, Chu, Ka Hou, 2011, Phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of the spear lobsters Linuparus (Decapoda: Palinuridae), with the description of a new species, Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology, 250, 4, 302-315
doi: 10.1016/j.jcz.2011.04.007 Résumé [+] [-]Linuparus White, 1847 comprises three extant species, Linuparus trigonus (Von Siebold, 1824), L. sordidus Bruce, 1965, and L. somniosus Berry and George, 1972, as well as 32 fossil species. Most fossil records are from North America and Europe, but the extant species are all confined to the Indo-West Pacific. Different colour forms in L. trigonus and L. sordidus have been noted, with Northern Hemisphere specimens generally darker in colour for both species. The phylogenetic relationships of the extant Linuparus species, including the colour forms, were investigated using mitochondrial 12S rRNA and COI gene sequence analysis. We found no genetic evidence to differentiate the colour morphs of L. sordidus, but the two colour forms of L. trigonus were clearly distinct at the species level. This is supported morphologically by a consistent difference in the shape of the thoracic sternum between the two forms. The paler coloured Southern Hemisphere form is described as a new species, L. meridionalis. Phylogenetic analysis shows that L. trigonus and L. meridionalis sp. nov. are derived sister taxa, while L. somniosus is basal within the genus. Thus the present results support the previous hypothesis that Linuparus was originated in shallow water. Crown Copyright (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Verhecken, André, 2011, The Cancellariidae of the PANGLAO Marine Biodiversity Project 2004 and the PANGLAO 2005 and AURORA 2007 deep sea cruises in the Philippines, with description of six new species (Neogastropoda, Cancellarioidea), Vita Malacologica, 9, 1-60
Résumé [+] [-]The cancellariid material collected in the Philippines by the P ANGLAO 2004, PANGLAO 2005 and AURORA 2007 campaigns has been studied. A total of 33 species, belonging to 12 genera, were recognised. Six of these species are here described as new to science: Microsveltia humaboni; M machaira; M tupasi; Zeadmete apoensis; Z. sikatunai; Plesiotriton silinoensis. Lectotypes are designated for: Admete suteri Marshall & Murdoch, 1920; Sydaphera renovata Iredale, 1929; Cancellaria pergradata Verco, 1904; C. profundior Cotton & God-frey, 1932; Nipponaphera teramachii Habe, 1961. A shell from the Arafura Sea that was tentatively identified as Microsveltia cf. sagamiensis in an earlier paper, is named Microsveltia laratensis n. sp.
Castelin, Magalie, Lorion, Julien, Brisset, Julien, Cruaud, Corinne, Maestrati, Philippe, Utge, Jose, Samadi, Sarah, 2012, Speciation patterns in gastropods with long-lived larvae from deep-sea seamounts, Molecular Ecology, 21, 19, 4828-4853
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05743.x Résumé [+] [-]Characterizing speciation processes in the sea remains a highly contentious issue because geographic barriers to gene exchange, which are the initial conditions for the allopatric speciation model, are not obvious. Moreover, many benthic marine organisms have long-lived planktonic larvae that allow them to connect distant patches of habitats. We here analyse the pattern of speciation in the gastropod genus Bursa in which all species have long-lived and planktonic-feeding larvae. We use a large taxonomic and ecologic coverage of Bursidae from the Indo-Pacific. We use an integrative approach to taxonomy to give more support to available taxonomic hypotheses. This analysis revealed cryptic lineages and suggest that a taxonomic revision of the family should be performed. A molecular clock calibrated from the fossil record was used to estimate divergence times. We then focus on the three co-existing species living in the deep waters of New Caledonia. Over the wide sampled area, no genetic structure was detected for the three species. We show that among New Caledonia species, Bursa fijiensis and Bursa quirihorai are reciprocally monophyletic. These two species are the two more closely related species in the inferred phylogeny. The present biogeographic ranges of the two species and the estimated time of divergence make the scenario of geographic isolation followed by secondary contact unlikely.
Claremont, Martine, Reid, David G., Williams, Suzanne T., 2012, Speciation and dietary specialization in Drupa, a genus of predatory marine snails (Gastropoda: Muricidae): Speciation and dietary specialization in Drupa, Zoologica Scripta, 41, 2, 137-149
doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00512.x Résumé [+] [-]We test the competing predictions of allopatric speciation and of ecological speciation by dietary specialization in Drupa, an Indo-Pacific genus of carnivorous marine gastropods in the family Muricidae. We use a well-resolved molecular phylogeny (reconstructed from one nuclear and two mitochondrial genes) to show the validity of the traditional species D. elegans, D. rubusidaeus, D. clathrata, D. morum and D. speciosa. ` Drupa ricinus' is shown to consist of three species: D. ricinus s. s., D. albolabris and a new species, possibly endemic to Japan. ` Purpura' aperta is transferred to Drupa. Despite potential widespread dispersal and a high degree of range overlap among sister species, range sizes between sister species are highly asymmetric, suggesting that speciation has been predominately peripatric. The exception is the sister pair D. ricinus s. s. and D. albolabris, which have symmetric range sizes and are sympatric over broad Indo-Pacific ranges. Such symmetry and extensive sympatry are contrary to the predictions of the (peripatric) allopatric model of speciation. Nevertheless, contrary to the predictions of an ecological speciation model based upon dietary specialization, broad dietary range appears to be identical between the species. Small differences in microhabitat preferences (or hypothetical dietary specialization at a fine taxonomic scale) may have been significant in the speciation process or, if initial divergence was allopatric, in permitting subsequent sympatry. Broad dietary shifts appear to have accompanied more ancient divergences within the genus Drupa.
- Geiger, Daniel L., 2012, Monograph of the little slit shells. Volume 1. Introduction, Scissurellidae, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Monographs, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 1, 7
- Geiger, Daniel L., 2012, Monograph of the little slit shells. Volume 2. Anatomidae, Larocheidae, Depressizonidae, Sutilizonidae, Temnocinclidae, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Monographs, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 2, 7
Geiger, Daniel L., Marshall, Bruce A., 2012, New species of Scissurellidae, Anatomidae, and Larocheidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) from New Zealand and beyond, Zootaxa, 3344, 1-33
Résumé [+] [-]Thirteen new species of Scissurellidae (Scissurella regalis n. sp., Sinezona mechanica n. sp., Sinezona platyspira n. sp., Sinezona enigmatica n. sp., Sinezona wanganellica n. sp., Satondella azonata n. sp., Satondella bicristata n. sp.), Anatomidae (Anatoma amydra n. sp., Anatoma kopua n. sp., Anatoma megascutula n. sp., Anatoma tangaroa n. sp.), and Larocheidae (Larochea spirata n. sp., Larocheopsis macrostoma n. sp.) are described, all of which occur in New Zealand waters. The greatest geographic source of new taxa is the islands and underwater features off northern New Zealand. The new shell-morphological term "sutsel" is introduced for the area between the SUTure and the SELenizone.
Kantor, Yuri I., Strong, Ellen E., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2012, A new lineage of Conoidea (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda) revealed by morphological and molecular data, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 78, 3, 246-255
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eys007 Résumé [+] [-]The hyperdiverse group of venomous Conoidea has eluded attempts to construct a robust and stable classification owing to the absence of a robust and stable phylogenetic framework. New molecular data have greatly enhanced our understanding of conoidean evolution, allowing the construction of a new family-level classification. This expanding framework has also allowed the discovery of several independent lineages that merit recognition at familial rank. One of these, based on seven specimens collected over more than 20 years from deep waters off New Caledonia, represents a unique, monotypic lineage closely related to Mitromorphidae, which we here name as the new family Bouchetispiridae. This new lineage bears a unique combination of teleoconch, protoconch and anatomical characters previously unknown within the Conoidea, including a translucent, fusiform shell with sculpture of strong axial ribs crossed by spiral cords, a multispiral protoconch of only 2.5 whorls with punctate sculpture, hypodermic marginal teeth and a multilayered venom bulb with two layers of muscle separated by connective tissue. This lineage may represent the sole survivor of a previously more diverse clade, or is simply one of many unique taxa that have arisen among the isolated sea mounts off New Caledonia.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2012, Evolution of the radular apparatus in Conoidea (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda) as inferred from a molecular phylogeny, Malacologia, 55, 1, 55–90
doi: 10.4002/040.055.0105 Résumé [+] [-]The anatomy and evolution of the radular apparatus in predatory marine gastropods of the superfamily Conoidea is reconstructed on the basis of a molecular phylogeny, based on three mitochondrial genes (COI, 12S and 16S) for 102 species. A unique feeding mechanism involving use of individual marginal radular teeth at the proboscis tip for stabbing and poisoning of prey is here assumed to appear at the earliest stages of evolution of the group. The initial major evolutionary event in Conoidea was the divergence to two main branches. One is characterized by mostly hypodermic marginal teeth and absence of an odontophore, while the other possesses a radula with primarily duplex marginal teeth, a strong subradular membrane and retains a fully functional odontophore. The radular types that have previously been considered most ancestral, “prototypic” for the group (flat marginal teeth; multicuspid lateral teeth of Drilliidae; solid recurved teeth of Pseudomelatoma and Duplicaria), were found to be derived conditions. Solid recurved teeth appeared twice, independently, in Conoidea – in Pseudomelatomidae and Terebridae. The Terebridae, the sister group of Turridae, are characterized by very high radular variability, and the transformation of the marginal radular teeth within this single clade repeats the evolution of the radular apparatus across the entire Conoidea.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, Rivasseau, Audrey, Bouchet, Philippe, 2012, Neither a buccinid nor a turrid: a new family of deep-sea snails for Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883 (Mollusca, Neogastropoda) with a review of recent Indo-Pacific species, Zootaxa, 3496, 1-64
Résumé [+] [-]The new family Belomitridae is established for the deep-water buccinoid genus Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883, based on morphological (shell and radulae) and molecular evidence. The rachiglossate radula is uniquely characterized by a multicuspid rachidian and lateral teeth with very long narrow bases and two small cusps closer to tip. Molecular analysis of a reduced set of Buccinoidea did not resolve the group as a clade, but shows that Belomitridae forms a well supported clade within Buccinoidea. Species of Belomitra have adult sizes in the 7-53 mm range; they live in deep water, mostly in the 500-2,000 meters range, at low and mid latitudes. Eleven valid species described from the Indo-Pacific were originally named in the families Buccinidae, Columbellidae, Cancellariidae, Volutidae, and Turridae. Fourteen new species are described: Belomitra nesiotica n. sp. (Society Islands to Tonga and Fiji in 580-830 m), B. bouteti n. sp. (Society and Tuamotu Islands in 430-830 m), B. subula n. sp. (Solomon Islands to Vanuatu in 760-1110 m), B. caudata n. sp. (Sulu Sea in 2300 m), B. gymnobela n. sp. (South Pacific, eastern Indonesia and Philippines in 780-2040 m), B. hypsomitra n. sp. (Fiji in 392-407 m), B. brachymitra n. sp. (Fiji in 395-540 m), B. comitas n. sp. (Madagascar and Philippines in 1075-1110 m), B. minutula (Coral Sea in 490 m), B. granulata n. sp. (New Caledonia in 105-860 m), B. reticulata n. sp. (Tonga and Fiji to New Caledonia in 395-656 m), B. decapitata n. sp. (Indian Ocean and New Caledonia in 3680-4400 m), B. admete n. sp. (off Sri Lanka in 2540 m), and B. radula n. sp. (Madagascar in 367-488 m).
Ng, Peter K.L., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2012, Pleisticanthoides Yokoya, 1933, a valid genus of deep-sea inachid spider crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Majoidea), with descriptions of two new species from the Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu, Zootaxa, 3551, 65-81
Résumé [+] [-]The inachid spider crab genus Pleisticanthoides Yokoya, 1933, is revalidated and removed from the synonymy of Pleistacantha Miers, 1879, distinguished by the absence of strong spines on the carapace (with only spinules or setae), unarmed pereiopods (with only stiff setae along margins and not spines), possession of a relatively longer, more slender ocular peduncle with a smaller cornea, slender adult male chelae, and a gently curved male first gonopod which has the distal part dorsoventrally flattened and without a subdistal process. Three species are recognised from the Indo-West Pacific region: Pleisticanthoides simplex (Rathbun, 1932) (= Pleisticanthoides nipponensis Yokoya, 1933) from Japan, P. cameroni n. sp. from the Philippines, and P. piccardorum n. sp. from Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Modica, Maria-Victoria, Zhan, Y., Sirovich, L., Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Cruaud, Corinne, Holford, Mandë, Samadi, Sarah, 2012, Large-scale species delimitation method for hyperdiverse groups: LARGE-SCALE SPECIES DELIMITATION, Molecular Ecology, 21, 11, 2671-2691
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05559.x Résumé [+] [-]Accelerating the description of biodiversity is a major challenge as extinction rates increase. Integrative taxonomy combining molecular, morphological, ecological and geographical data is seen as the best route to reliably identify species. Classic molluscan taxonomic methodology proposes primary species hypotheses (PSHs) based on shell morphology. However, in hyperdiverse groups, such as the molluscan family Turridae, where most of the species remain unknown and for which homoplasy and plasticity of morphological characters is common, shell-based PSHs can be arduous. A four-pronged approach was employed to generate robust species hypotheses of a 1000 specimen South-West Pacific Turridae data set in which: (i) analysis of COI DNA Barcode gene is coupled with (ii) species delimitation tools GMYC (General Mixed Yule Coalescence Method) and ABGD (Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery) to propose PSHs that are then (iii) visualized using Klee diagrams and (iv) evaluated with additional evidence, such as nuclear gene rRNA 28S, morphological characters, geographical and bathymetrical distribution to determine conclusive secondary species hypotheses (SSHs). The integrative taxonomy approach applied identified 87 Turridae species, more than doubling the amount previously known in the Gemmula genus. In contrast to a predominantly shell-based morphological approach, which over the last 30 years proposed only 13 new species names for the Turridae genus Gemmula, the integrative approach described here identified 27 novel species hypotheses not linked to available species names in the literature. The formalized strategy applied here outlines an effective and reproducible protocol for large-scale species delimitation of hyperdiverse groups.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Corbari, Laure, 2012, A new species of Oxypleurodon Miers, 1886 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Majoidea) from the Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea, Zootaxa, 3320, 56-60
Résumé [+] [-]Recently collected specimens from the deep sea off Papua New Guinea revealed the presence of a new species of Oxypleurodon Miers, 1886 (Majoidea). The new species is a member of the O. auritum group but its flattened rostral spines and the triangular shape of the carapace easily distinguishes it from congeners.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2012, Griffinia takedai, a new species of deep sea majoid crab (Decapoda, Brachyura, Epialtidae) from the Philippines, Studies on Eumalacostraca: a homage to Masatsune Takeda, Crustaceana Monographs, 17, 274-284
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of deep-sea majoid is described from the eastern Philippines. Griffinia takedai n. sp. (Epialtidae) is the fourth species in this genus to be described, and it differs from congeners in its setose carapace, elongate rostral spines, as well as the well-developed supraorbital and hepatic spines. The new species is diagnosed, and a key to the genus is presented.
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2012, Studies on Eumalacostraca: A Homage to Masatsune Takeda: Griffinia takedai, a new species of deep sea majoid crab (Decapoda, Brachyura, Epialtidae) from the Philippines., Crustaceana Monographs, 17, 275-284
Williams, Suzanne T., 2012, Advances in molecular systematics of the vetigastropod superfamily Trochoidea: Advances in systematics of Trochoidea, Zoologica Scripta, 41, 6, 571-595
doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00552.x Résumé [+] [-]The gastropod superfamily Trochoidea Rafinesque, 1815 is comprised of a diverse range of species, including large and charismatic species of commercial value as well as many small or enigmatic taxa that are only recently being represented in molecular studies. This study includes the first sequences for rarely collected species from the genera Gaza Watson, 1879, Callogaza Dall, 1881, Antimargarita Powell, 1951 and Kaiparathina Laws, 1941. There is also greater taxon sampling of genera that have proved difficult to place in previous phylogenetic analyses, like Tectus Montfort, 1810, Tegula Lesson, 1832, Margarites Gray, 1847, Margarella Thiele, 1893 and trochoid skeneimorphs. There is also greater sampling of poorly represented families Solariellidae and Liotiidae. Bayesian analysis of combined gene data sets based on four (28S, 12S, 16S and COI) or five genes (plus 18S) suggests that there are eight, possibly nine families in Trochoidea including the families Margaritidae and Tegulidae, which are recognized for the first time at familial rank. Other trochoidean families confirmed are Calliostomatidae, Liotiidae, Skeneidae, Solariellidae, Trochidae and Turbinidae. A clade including Cittarium and the commercially important genera Rochia and Tectus may represent a possible ninth family, but this is not formally recognized or described here and awaits confirmation from further studies. Relationships among families were not generally well supported except in the 5-gene tree. In the 5-gene tree, Turbinidae, Liotiidae, Tegulidae, Cittarium, Rochia and Tectus form a well-supported clade consistent with the previous molecular and morphological studies linking these groups. This clade forms another well-supported clade with Margaritidae and Solariellidae. Trochidae is sister to Calliostomatidae with strong support. Subfamilial relationships within Trochidae are consistent with recent molecular studies, with the addition of one new subfamily, Kaiparathininae Marshall 1993 (previously a tribe). Only two subfamilies are recognized within Turbinidae, both with calcareous opercula: Prisogasterinae and Turbininae. Calliostomatidae includes a new subfamily Margarellinae. Its assignment to Calliostomatidae, although well supported by molecular evidence, is surprising considering morphological evidence.
Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, Stomatopoda collected primarily by the Philippine AURORA expedition (Crustacea, Squilloidea), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 85-106
Résumé [+] [-]Stomatopod Crustacea of the superfamily Squilloidea collected primarily by the Philippine AURORA expedition are reported. One family, nine genera and 15 species are reported, of which one genus and two species are new to science. The new genus, Triasquilla n. gen., comprising two new species, belongs to the “Meiosquilla” group within Squillidae and is most closely allied to Schmittius Manning, 1972, from the eastern Pacific and Squilloides Manning, 1968, from the Indo-West Pacific. Anchisquilla fasciaticauda Liu & Wang, 1998, Cloridina chlorida (Brooks, 1886), Harpiosquilla sinensis Liu & Wang, 1998, Neclorida miersi (Manning, 1968) and Quollastria ornata (Manning, 1971) are reported from the Philippines for the first time. The study is supplemented by additional material of the new species described herein collected from various Indo-West Pacific localities by other deep-sea expeditions to the Philippines, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Western Australia.
Burukovsky, Rudolf N., Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, Shrimps of the family Nematocarcinidae Smith, 1884 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea) from Taiwan and Philippines collected by the TAIWAN, PANGLAO 2005 and AURORA expeditions in the western Pacific., Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 155-189
Résumé [+] [-]During the recent Taiwan TAIWAN and the Philippines PANGLAO 2005 and AURORA deep-sea expeditions, many specimens of nematocarcinid shrimp were collected. Altogether three genera and 13 species are identified: Nigmatullinus acanthitelsonis (Pequegnat, 1970), Segonzackomaius altus (Bate, 1888), Nematocarcinus chacei Burukovsky, 2002, N. combensis Burukovsky, 2000, N. crosnieri Burukovsky, 2000, N. gracilis Bate, 1888, N. productus Bate, 1888, N. rectirostris Burukovsky, 1991, N. richeri Burukovsky, 2000, N. subtegulisfactus Burukovsky, 2000, N. subtilis Burukovsky, 2000, N. tenuipes Bate, 1888 and N. tenuirostris Bate, 1888. Amongst them, S. altus, N. chacei and N. crosnieri are the second records since their original descriptions. Moreover, two genera and 11 species are new records for Taiwan while two species are new Philippine records. Diagnoses for the family, subfamilies, and genera and a key to all species of Nematocarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1881 are given. Colour photographs of 10 species are also provided. The studied area was subdivided into northern and southern subareas. The northern area includes the waters around Taiwan (21°18’-25°22’N and 117°17’-123°01’E), and the southern area the waters of the Philippines (08°33’-16°06’N and 121°30’-124°10’E). Five species occur in both subareas. A comparison of the present data with the known data on the nematocarcinid shrimp fauna of the Indo-Malay area or East Indies Triangle (i.e. the centre of species diversity of shrimps of family Nematocarcinidae) revealed that the area between Taiwan and the northern Philippines is an ecotone, with a transitional nematocarcinid shrimp fauna between the fauna of the East Indies Triangle and the typical Indo-West-Pacific fauna.
Chan, Benny K.K., Chen, Hsi-Nien, Yu, Jacky Hui-Ying, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin-Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, New species of barnacles associated with antipatharian corals of the genus Oxynaspis Darwin, 1852 (Crustacea, Cirripedia, Lepadiformes) from the Philippines and Taiwan, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 67-84
Résumé [+] [-]Two new Oxynaspis species associated with antipatharian corals are described from the AURORA expedition in the Philippines and from Taiwan waters. Oxynaspis auroraensis n. sp. was collected from the Philippines at more than 500 m depth and belongs to the fully armored group of Oxynaspis. The umbo of the carina of O. auroraensis n. sp. is located in a proximal position with the carinal distal arm about 3.5 times longer than the basal arm. Such a position is diagnostic, distinguishing this species from all previously described Oxynaspis species. Oxynaspis biradius n. sp. was collected from Taiwanese waters at 20-30 m depth and belongs to the reduced scutum group of Oxynaspis. The morphology of O. biradius n. sp. is close to that of O. joankovenae Van Syoc & Delkelboum, 2011, but differs in having two distinct white rays on the scutum and a more pointed tergal spur. From molecular analysis in the sequence divergence of the 12S and COI region, O. auroraensis n. sp. and O. biradius n. sp. form distinct monophyletic clades and the interspecific divergence suggests that these two species are distinct.
Claremont, Martine, Houart, Roland, Williams, Suzanne T., Reid, David G., 2013, A molecular phylogenetic framework for the Ergalataxinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 79, 1, 19-29
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eys028 Résumé [+] [-]The validity of the muricid subfamily Ergalataxinae has recently been confirmed with molecular data, but its composition and the relationships among its constituent genera remain unclear. In order to investigate this, we use four genes (28S rRNA, 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I) to construct a Bayesian phylogeny of 52 ergalataxine species in 18 genera, representing c. 40 of the currently accepted species and 86 of the genera. This is the most complete phylogeny of this taxonomically confusing subfamily yet produced. Our results indicate the polyphyly of many traditional genera, including Morula, Pascula and Orania. In order to improve the correspondence between classification and phylogeny, we restrict the definition of Morula, resurrect Tenguella and elevate Oppomorus to full genus, but describe no new genera. Several species in this analysis could not be identified and may be new, but we do not describe them. Further molecular and morphological analyses, in the context of this framework, should help to resolve the remaining ambiguities in the classification of this subfamily. The oldest fossil member of the Ergalataxinae known to us is of Early Oligocene age.
Claremont, Martine, Vermeij, Geerat J., Williams, Suzanne T., Reid, David G., 2013, Global phylogeny and new classification of the Rapaninae (Gastropoda: Muricidae), dominant molluscan predators on tropical rocky seashores, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 66, 1, 91-102
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.014 Résumé [+] [-]The monophyly of the muricid subfamily Rapaninae has recently been confirmed with molecular techniques, but its composition and the relationships among its constituent genera remain unclear. We use four genes (28S rRNA, 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, COI) to construct a Bayesian phylogeny of 80 rapanine species (73% of the approximately 109 currently accepted), representing 27 of the 31 nominal genera. This is the most complete phylogeny of this taxonomically confusing subfamily yet produced. We propose a revised phylogenetic classification of the Rapaninae, assigning the recognized species to 28 genera. Most of the morphologically-defined rapanine genera are considered valid, including Purpura, Drupa, Thais and Nassa, but many of them are here restricted or redefined so that they are monophyletic. In particular the familiar genus Thais is narrowly restricted to a single species. Many groups previously accepted as subgenera, including Mancinella, Vasula, Thalessa and Thaisella, are here accorded full generic rank. We describe one new genus, Indothais. While we do not formally alter species-level taxonomy, we show molecular evidence for two cryptic species and several instances of probable species synonymy. We estimate the age of diversification of the Rapaninae as Late Cretaceous (75.9 Ma) and of many of its genera as Miocene. (C) 2012 Elseviei Inc. All rights reserved.
Haga, Takuma, Kase, Tomoki, 2013, Progenetic dwarf males in the deep-sea wood-boring genus Xylophaga (Bivalvia: Pholadoidea), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 79, 1, 90-94
Houart, Roland, 2013, The genus Daphnellopsis (Gastropoda: Muricidae) in the Recent and quaternary of the Indo-West Pacific province., Journal of Conchology, 41, 4, 465-480
Résumé [+] [-]The muricid genus Daphnellopsis Schepman 1913 is revised and maintained in the subfamily Ergalataxinae, waiting for eventual genetic studies. Six species are included, D. fimbriata (Hinds 1843), D. lamellosa Schepman 1913 (type species), D. hypselos Houart 1995 and three new species described herein: D. lozoueti n. sp.; and D. pinedai n. sp., both from the Quaternary (Upper Pleistocene) of Santo, Vanuatu, and D. lochi n. sp. A Recent species of Western Australia. All the species are described or re-described, illustrated and compared with each other, their geographical range is given and illustrated on a map. The protoconchs of five species are illustrated as well as some details of the shells. A jaw is pointed out for the first time in D. fimbriata and is illustrated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) images.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, Fraussen, Koen, Fedosov, Alexander, Bouchet, Philippe, 2013, Deep-water Buccinidae (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda) from sunken wood, vents and seeps: molecular phylogeny and taxonomy, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 93, 08, 2177-2195
doi: 10.1017/S0025315413000672 Résumé [+] [-]Buccinidae—like other canivorous and predatory molluscs—are generally considered to be occasional visitors or rare colonizers in deep-sea biogenic habitats. However, casual observations during tropical deep-sea cruises suggest that associations between buccinids and sunken wood, in particular, are not fortuitous. Enigmatocolus monnieri has been found to co-occur in Madagascar with bathymodiolines, vesicomyids and solemyids, indicating the presence of seeps, and species of Thermosipho gen. Nov. Have been sampled by submersibles and remotely operated vehicles, exclusively from hydrothermal vents. A molecular phylogeny (based on CO1, 12S and 28S genes) reveals that buccinid genera potentially associated with sunken wood (Eosipho, Gaillea gen. Nov., Calagrassor gen. Nov., and Manaria) are closely related to taxa from vents (Thermosipho gen. Nov.) and seeps (Enigmaticolus). The anatomy of several dissected species did not reveal any special trait that could be interpreted as a special adaptation to biogenic substrates. Buccinids from sunken wood are most diverse in the Indo-Pacific centre of marine biodiversity, the ‘Coral Triangle’, at depths between 100 and 1000 m, with numerous species still undescribed.
Lorion, Julien, Kiel, Steffen, Faure, Baptiste, Kawato, Masuro, Ho, Simon Y.W, Marshall, Bruce A., Tsuchida, Shinji, Miyazaki, Jun-Ichi, Fujiwara, Yoshihiro, 2013, Adaptive radiation of chemosymbiotic deep-sea mussels, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280, 1770, 20131243-20131243
doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.1243 Résumé [+] [-]Adaptive radiations present fascinating opportunities for studying the evolutionary process. Most cases come from isolated lakes or islands, where unoccupied ecological space is filled through novel adaptations. Here, we describe an unusual example of an adaptive radiation: symbiotic mussels that colonized island-like chemosynthetic environments such as hydrothermal vents, cold seeps and sunken organic substrates on the vast deep-sea floor. Our time-calibrated molecular phylogeny suggests that the group originated and acquired sulfur-oxidizing symbionts in the Late Cretaceous, possibly while inhabiting organic substrates and long before its major radiation in the Middle Eocene to Early Oligocene. The first appearance of intracellular and methanotrophic symbionts was detected only after this major radiation. Thus, contrary to expectations, the major radiation may have not been triggered by the evolution of novel types of symbioses. We hypothesize that environmental factors, such as increased habitat availability and/or increased dispersal capabilities, sparked the radiation. Intracellular and methanotrophic symbionts were acquired in several independent lineages and marked the onset of a secondwave of diversification at vents and seeps. Changes in habitat type resulted in adaptive trends in shell lengths (related to the availability of space and energy, and physiological trade-offs) and in the successive colonization of greater water depths.
Ma, Ka Yan, Chu, Ka Hou, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The deep-sea spiny lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palinuridae), with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 191-230
Résumé [+] [-]Recent French deep-sea expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific resulted in the collection of abundant material of the deep-sea lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Palinuridae). Difficulties in identification necessitated a generic revision and as a result, five new species are described, all of which are similar to P. angulatus (Bate, 1888). Puerulus angulatus was thought to have a wide distribution from eastern Africa to Marquesas Islands, but is now restricted to the western Pacific, from Japan to Australia. Of the five new species, P. gibbosus n. sp. is found in eastern Africa, P. mesodontus n. sp. from Japan to Fiji, P. richeri n. sp. from the New Caledonia to Marquesas Islands, while P. sericus n. sp. and P. quadridentis n. sp. mainly occur around New Caledonia. Of the other three previously described species, the distribution of P. velutinus Holthuis, 1963, is extended to Fiji, while P. sewelli Ramadan, 1938, and P. carinatus Borradaile, 1910, are still only known from the northern and western parts of the Indian Ocean, respectively. COI gene sequence differences support the morphological species distinctions.
Morassi, Mauro, Bonfitto, Antonio, 2013, Three new bathyal raphitomine gastropods (Mollusca: Conoidea) from the Indo-Pacific region, Zootaxa, 3620, 4, 579-588
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3620.4.7 Résumé [+] [-]Three new species of Conoidea are described from Red Sea, Gulf of Aden and Philippines. Awheaturris lozoueti sp. nov., from Philippines, is the first representative in the recent Indo-Pacific molluscan fauna of a hitherto Miocene fossil genus. Taranis adenensis sp. nov., from Gulf of Aden, is the first species certainly referable to genus Taranis Jeffreys, 1870 reported in the Gulf of Aden and the smallest described member of this genus in the Indo-Pacific region. Mioawateria vivens sp. nov. represents the first member of the genus Mioawateria Vella, 1954 reported in the Red Sea. The status of Mioawateria is discussed and photographs of its type species, Awateria (Mioawateria) personata Powell, 1942, from the Pliocene of New Zealand, are presented for the first time.
Osawa, Masayuki, Lin, Chia-Wei, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin-Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, Munidopsidae Ortmann, 1898 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) collected by the PANGLAO 2005 and AURORA expeditions to the Philippines, with descriptions of four new species from the Philippines and one new species from Taiwan, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 231-286
Résumé [+] [-]Squat lobsters of the family Munidopsidae are reported from deep-waters off the Philippines based on the material collected by the PANGLAO 2005 and AURORA expeditions. The material includes three species of the genus Galacantha A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 and 23 species of Munidopsis Whiteaves, 1874. Four species are described as new to science and nine species are recorded for the first time from the Philippines. Colour notes and illustrations from fresh specimens are provided for all the species. The poorly known species, Munidopsis ceratophthalma Alcock, 1901, is described in detail based on a Philippine specimen to supplement the original account of the species. Re-examination of the specimen previously reported as M. ceratophthalma from Taiwan reveals that it represents a new species, which is hereby described in this report.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, On a collection of spider crabs of the genera Rochinia A. Milne-Edwards, 1875 and Naxioides A. Milne-Edwards, 1865 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Majoidea, Epialtidae) from Mozambique Channel, Solomon, Vanuatu and Philippine Islands, with description of a new species of Rochinia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 467-483
Résumé [+] [-]The study of a small collection of deep-water majoid crabs of the family Epialtidae brings some new data on the geographic distribution of species in the genus Rochinia A. Milne-Edwards, 1875 (R. pulchra (Miers, 1886), R. fultoni (Grant, 1905), R. aff. brevirostris (Doflein, 1904), R. aff. soela Griffin & Tranter, 1986, R. kotakae Takeda, 2001) and Naxioides taurus (Pocock, 1890). One new species, Rochinia boucheti n. sp., is described which differs from all congeners by the presence of numerous small tubercles on the carapace and its relatively short rostral spines. Males of R. kotakae are described for the first time.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., Ahyong, Shane T., 2013, Parapleisticantha Yokoya, 1933, a valid genus of deep-sea inachid spider crab from Japan and the Philippines (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Majoidea), with the description of a new species., Zootaxa, 3635, 1, 15-26
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3635.1.2 Résumé [+] [-]The inachid spider crab genus, Parapleisticantha Yokoya, 1933 [type species: Parapleisticantha japonica Yokoya, 1933] is removed from the synonymy of Pleistacantha Miers, 1879 [type species: Pleistacantha sanctijohannis Miers, 1879], and recognised as a valid genus. Parapleisticantha differs from Pleistacantha sensu stricto primarily by having a less spiny carapace, stouter and more inflated male chelipeds, and by lacking a slender subdistal process on the male first gonopod. We redescribe Parapleisticantha japonica based on the Japanese type material and describe as new a second species, Parapleisticantha ludivinae n. sp., recently discovered in the Philippines.
Thubaut, Justine, Corbari, Laure, Gros, Olivier, Duperron, Sébastien, Couloux, Arnaud, Samadi, Sarah, 2013, Integrative Biology of Idas iwaotakii (Habe, 1958), a ‘Model Species’ Associated with Sunken Organic Substrates, PLoS ONE, 8, 7, e69680
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069680 Résumé [+] [-]The giant bathymodioline mussels from vents have been studied as models to understand the adaptation of organisms to deep-sea chemosynthetic environments. These mussels are closely related to minute mussels associated to organic remains decaying on the deep-sea floor. Whereas biological data accumulate for the giant mussels, the small mussels remain poorly studied. Despite this lack of data for species living on organic remains it has been hypothesized that during evolution, contrary to their relatives from vents or seeps, they did not acquire highly specialized biological features. We aim at testing this hypothesis by providing new biological data for species associated with organic falls. Within Bathymodiolinae a close phylogenetic relationship was revealed between the Bathymodiolus sensu stricto lineage (i.e. "thermophilus'' lineage) which includes exclusively vent and seep species, and a diversified lineage of small mussels, attributed to the genus Idas, that includes mostly species from organic falls. We selected Idas iwaotakii (Habe, 1958) from this latter lineage to analyse population structure and to document biological features. Mitochondrial and nuclear markers reveal a north-south genetic structure at an oceanic scale in the Western Pacific but no structure was revealed at a regional scale or as correlated with the kind of substrate or depth. The morphology of larval shells suggests substantial dispersal abilities. Nutritional features were assessed by examining bacterial diversity coupled by a microscopic analysis of the digestive tract. Molecular data demonstrated the presence of sulphur-oxidizing bacteria resembling those identified in other Bathymodiolinae. In contrast with most Bathymodiolus s.s. species the digestive tract of I. iwaotakii is not reduced. Combining data from literature with the present data shows that most of the important biological features are shared between Bathymodiolus s.s. species and its sister-lineage. However Bathymodiolus s.s. species are ecologically more restricted and also display a lower species richness than Idas species.
Williams, Suzanne T., Smith, L.M., Herbert, David Guy, Marshall, Bruce A., Warén, Anders, Kiel, Steffen, Dyal, Patricia, Linse, Katrin, Vilvens, Claude, Kano, Yasunori, 2013, Cenozoic climate change and diversification on the continental shelf and slope: evolution of gastropod diversity in the family Solariellidae (Trochoidea), Ecology and Evolution, 3, 4, 887-917
doi: 10.1002/ece3.513 Résumé [+] [-]Recent expeditions have revealed high levels of biodiversity in the tropical deep-sea, yet little is known about the age or origin of this biodiversity, and large-scale molecular studies are still few in number. In this study, we had access to the largest number of solariellid gastropods ever collected for molecular studies, including many rare and unusual taxa. We used a Bayesian chronogram of these deep-sea gastropods (1) to test the hypothesis that deep-water communities arose onshore, (2) to determine whether Antarctica acted as a source of diversity for deep-water communities elsewhere and (3) to determine how factors like global climate change have affected evolution on the continental slope. We show that although fossil data suggest that solariellid gastropods likely arose in a shallow, tropical environment, interpretation of the molecular data is equivocal with respect to the origin of the group. On the other hand, the molecular data clearly show that Antarctic species sampled represent a recent invasion, rather than a relictual ancestral lineage. We also show that an abrupt period of global warming during the Palaeocene Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) leaves no molecular record of change in diversification rate in solariellids and that the group radiated before the PETM. Conversely, there is a substantial, although not significant increase in the rate of diversification of a major clade approximately 33.7Mya, coinciding with a period of global cooling at the EoceneOligocene transition. Increased nutrients made available by contemporaneous changes to erosion, ocean circulation, tectonic events and upwelling may explain increased diversification, suggesting that food availability may have been a factor limiting exploitation of deep-sea habitats. Tectonic events that shaped diversification in reef-associated taxa and deep-water squat lobsters in central Indo-West Pacific were also probably important in the evolution of solariellids during the Oligo-Miocene.
Cabezas, Patricia, Chan, Tin-Yam, 2014, Deep-sea squat lobsters of the genus Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Munididae) from the Philippines Panglao 2004, Panglao 2005 and Aurora 2007 expeditions, with the description of three new species, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62, 302–316
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Paramunida belongs to the family Munididae, one of the most speciose families among anomuran decapod crustaceans. During the PANGLAO 2004, PANGLAO 2005, and AURORA 2007 expeditions in the Philippines, eight species of the genus were collected, including a new record and three new species, namely Paramunida akaina, P. aspera, and P. aurora. These new lineages are distinguished by subtle and constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular evidence from the mitochondrial markers ND1 and 16S. Here, we describe these new species, provide new distribution records, and present phylogenetic relationships within the genus.
Kool, Hugo H., Galindo, Lee Ann, 2014, Description and Molecular Characterization of Six New Species of Nassarius (Gastropoda, Nassariidae) from the Western Pacific Ocean, American Malacological Bulletin, 32, 2, 147-164
doi: 10.4003/006.032.0202 Résumé [+] [-]Six new species of the genus Nassarius Duméril, 1805 are described, based on material collected from the Coral Triangle and the South Pacific. We combine traditional morphology-based descriptions with the molecular (Cytochrome c oxidase I - COI) signature of the new species. New species are: Nassarius ocellatus sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius houbricki sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Queensland and Tonga), Nassarius radians sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius vanuatuensis sp. Nov. (Vanuatu), Nassarius velvetosus sp. Nov. (Western Australia to Fiji) and Nassarius martinezi sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Tonga).
Lai, Joelle C. Y., Thoma, Brent P., Clark, Paul F., Felder, Darryl L., Ng, Peter K.L., 2014, Phylogeny of eriphioid crabs (Brachyura, Eriphioidea) inferred from molecular and morphological studies, Zoologica Scripta, 43, 1, 52-64
doi: 10.1111/zsc.12030 Résumé [+] [-]The evolutionary relationships of the brachyuran crab superfamily Eriphioidea, commonly known as stone or rubble crabs, are examined. Analysis of three mitochondrial (12S, 16S and COI) and two nuclear loci (18S and Histone 3) was carried out for 51 taxa representing the Carpilioidea, Dairoidea, Eriphioidea, Goneplacoidea, Parthenopoidea, Pilumnoidea, Portunoidea, Pseudozioidea and Xanthoidea. Phylogenetic analyses of molecular data used three methods of inference that recovered similar topologies with minor differences. Maximum parsimony analysis of 20 morphological characters taken from first zoeas of 11 species yielded two equally parsimonious trees and generally supported the molecular analyses. None of the analyses recovered Eriphioidea as monophyletic, and each of the eriphioid families represented by two or more taxa was shown to be polyphyletic in both molecular and larval analyses. This study indicates that the present classification based on adult morphology is incongruent with phylogenetic relationships and that the diagnostic characters the result of convergence (particularly in feeding morphology) rather than shared ancestry.
Marin, Ivan, Chan, Tin-Yam, 2014, Deep water echinoid-associated pontoniine shrimp “Periclimenes hertwigi Balss, 1913” species group (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae): species review, description of a new genus and species from Philippines, Zootaxa, 3835, 3, 301-324
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3835.3.1 Résumé [+] [-]The new pontoniine shrimp genus, Echinopericlimenes gen. nov., is suggested for four species, Periclimenes hertwigi Balss, 1913, Periclimenes dentidactylus Bruce, 1984, Periclimenes calcaratus Chace & Bruce, 1993 and Echinopericlimenes aurorae sp. nov., belonging to so-called “Periclimenes hertwigi Balss, 1913” species group sensu stricto. The new genus can be clearly separated by the unique form of hepatic tooth greatly extending beyond the pterygostomial margin of carapace, unique form of fingers of pereiopods II (chelipeds) and dactyli of ambulatory pereiopods III–V. All species referring to the new genus are similar in ecology being deep-water dwellers, usually collected deeper that 300 meters in associations with venomous sea urchins of the family Echinothuriidae (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Remarks on ecology, description of the new species from Philippines and a key to all known species of Echinopericlimenes gen. nov. are presented.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Bouchet, Philippe, Duda, T.F., Kauferstein, S., Kohn, A.J., Olivera, Baldomero M., Watkins, Maren, Meyer, C., 2014, Molecular phylogeny and evolution of the cone snails (Gastropoda, Conoidea), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 78, 290-303
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.023 Résumé [+] [-]We present a large-scale molecular phylogeny that includes 320 of the 761 recognized valid species of the cone snails (Conus), one of the most diverse groups of marine molluscs, based on three mitochondrial genes (COI, 16S rDNA and 12S rDNA). This is the first phylogeny of the taxon to employ concatenated sequences of several genes, and it includes more than twice as many species as the last published molecular phylogeny of the entire group nearly a decade ago. Most of the numerous molecular phylogenies published during the last 15 years are limited to rather small fractions of its species diversity. Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses are mostly congruent and confirm the presence of three previously reported highly divergent lineages among cone snails, and one identified here using molecular data. About 85% of the species cluster in the single Large Major Clade; the others are divided between the Small Major Clade (12%), the Conus californicus lineage (one species), and a newly defined clade (3%). We also define several subclades within the Large and Small major clades, but most of their relationships remain poorly supported. To illustrate the usefulness of molecular phylogenies in addressing specific evolutionary questions, we analyse the evolution of the diet, the biogeography and the toxins of cone snails. All cone snails whose feeding biology is known inject venom into large prey animals and swallow them whole. Predation on polychaete worms is inferred as the ancestral state, and diet shifts to molluscs and fishes occurred rarely. The ancestor of cone snails probably originated from the Indo-Pacific; rather few colonisations of other biogeographic provinces have probably occurred. A new classification of the Conidae, based on the molecular phylogeny, is published in an accompanying paper.
Rahayu, Dwi Listyo, Ng, Peter K.L., 2014, New genera and new species of Hexapodidae (Crustacea, Brachyura) from the Indo-West Pacific and east Atlantic, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62, 396-486
Résumé [+] [-]The hexapodid genera Hexapus De Haan, 1833, Hexapinus Manning & Holthuis, 1981, Latohexapus Huang, Hsueh & Ng, 2002, and Hexaplax Doflein, 1904, are revised and redescribed on the basis of their respective type species. Hexapus s. str. is redefined and a new species is described from Indonesia. Hexapinus is restricted for H. latipes (De Haan, 1835), H. edwardsi (Serène & Soh, 1976) and three new species from Indonesia, Philippines, China and Japan. A new genus, Mariaplax, is established for Lambdophallus anfractus Rathbun, 1909, Hexapus granuliferus Campbell & Stephenson, 1970, and 11 new species from the China, Japan, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia, Singapore, New Guinea and Australia. A new genus, Rayapinus, is recognised for an unusual new species from Japan. Two new species of Hexaplax from Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Taiwan, and Japan are described. A new genus, Theoxapus, is also established for the east Atlantic Hexapus buchanani Monod, 1956, which had previously been placed in Hexapinus. A revised key to the genera of Hexapodidae is presented.
- Rubio, Federico, Rolán, Emilio, 2014, The family Tornidae in the tropical Southwest Pacific: the genus Anticlimax Pilsbry & McGinty, 1946 (Gastropoda, Truncatelloidea) with the description of 42 new species, Iberus, Suppl. 6, 1-126
Taylor, John D., Glover, Emily A., Williams, Suzanne T., 2014, Diversification of chemosymbiotic bivalves: origins and relationships of deeper water Lucinidae, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 111, 2, 401–420
doi: 10.1111/bij.12208 Résumé [+] [-]Although species of the chemosymbiotic bivalve family Lucinidae are often diverse and abundant in shallow water habitats such as seagrass beds, new discoveries show that the family is equally speciose at slope and bathyal depths, particularly in the tropics, with records down to 2500m. New molecular analyses including species from habitats down to 2000m indicate that these cluster in four of seven recognized subfamilies: Leucosphaerinae, Myrteinae, Codakiinae, and Lucininae, with none of these comprising exclusively deep-water species. Amongst the Leucosphaerinae, Alucinoma, Epidulcina, Dulcina, and Myrtina live mainly at depths greater than 200m. Most Myrteinae inhabit water depths below 100m, including Myrtea, Notomyrtea, Gloverina, and Elliptiolucina species. In the Codakinae, only the Lucinoma clade live in deep water; Codakia and Ctena clades are largely restricted to shallow water. Lucininae are the most speciose of the subfamilies but only four species analyzed, Troendleina sp., Epicodakia' falkandica, Bathyaustriella thionipta, and Cardiolucina quadrata, occur at depths greater than 200m. Our results indicate that slope and bathyal lucinids have several and independent originations from different clades with a notable increased diversity in Leucosphaerinae and Myrteinae. Some of the deep-water lucinids (e.g. Elliptiolucina, Dulcina, and Gloverina) have morphologies not seen in shallow water species, strongly suggesting speciation and radiation in these environments. By contrast, C.quadrata clusters with a group of shallow water congenors. Although not well investigated, offshore lucinids are usually found at sites of organic enrichment, including sunken vegetation, oxygen minimum zones, hydrocarbon seeps, and sedimented hydrothermal vents. The association of lucinids with hydrocarbon seeps is better understood and has been traced in the fossil record to the late Jurassic with successions of genera recognized; Lucinoma species are particularly prominent from the Oligocene to present day.(c) 2013 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2014, 111, 401-420.
Eilertsen, Mari H., Malaquias, Manuel António E., Crame, Alistair, 2015, Speciation in the dark: diversification and biogeography of the deep-sea gastropod genus Scaphander in the Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Biogeography, 42, 5, 843-855
Fedosov, Alexander, Puillandre, Nicolas, Kantor, Yuri, Bouchet, Philippe, 2015, Phylogeny and systematics of mitriform gastropods (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Neogastropoda): Phylogeny of Mitriform Gastropods, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 175, 2, 336-359
doi: 10.1111/zoj.12278 Résumé [+] [-]With about 800 Recent species, ‘miters’ are a widely distributed group of tropical and subtropical gastropods that are most diverse in the Indo-West Pacific. They include the two families Mitridae and Costellariidae, similar in shell morphology and traditionally treated as close relatives. Some genera of deep-water Ptychatractidae and Volutomitridae are close to miters in shell morphology, and the term ‘mitriform gastropods’ has been introduced to refer to Mitridae, Costellariidae, and this assortment of convergent forms. The present study aimed at the reconstruction of phylogenetic relationships of mitriform gastropods based on representative taxon sampling. Four genetic markers [cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), 16S and 12S rRNA mitochondrial genes, and H3 (Histone 3) nuclear gene] were sequenced for over 90 species in 20 genera, and the molecular data set was supplemented by studies of radula morphology. Our analysis recovered Mitridae as a monophyletic group, whereas the genus Mitra was found to be polyphyletic. Of 42 mitrid species included in the analysis, 37 formed a well-supported ‘core Mitridae’ consisting of four major clades, three of them consistent with the subfamilies Cylindromitrinae, Imbricariinae, and Mitrinae, and Strigatella paupercula standing out by itself. Basal to the ‘core Mitridae’ are four minor lineages, with the genus Charitodoron recognized as sister group to all other Mitridae. The deepwater family Pyramimitridae shows a sister relationship to the Mitridae, with high support for a Pyramimitridae + Mitridae clade. Our results recover the monophyly of the Costellariidae, which form a wellsupported clade that also includes Ptychatractidae, Columbariinae, and Volutomitridae, but not Mitridae. Most derived and diverse amongst Costellariidae are species of Vexillum, characterized by a bow-shaped, multicuspidate rachidian tooth. Several previously unrecognized deep-water costellariid lineages are revealed. Their members retain some plesiomorphies – in particular a tricuspidate rachidian tooth – that makes them morphologically intermediate between ptychatractids and Vexillum. The taxa of Ptychatractidae included in the analysis are not monophyletic, but form three well-supported, unrelated groupings, corresponding respectively to Ceratoxancus + Latiromitra, Exilia, and Exiliodea. None of them shows an affinity to Pseudolividae.
- Fehse, Dirk, 2015, Contributions to the knowledge of Triviidae, XXIX-B. New Triviidae from the Philippines., Visaya, Supplement 5, 17-47
- Fehse, Dirk, 2015, Contributions to the knowledge of Triviidae, XXIX-F. New Triviidae from the Marquesas., Visaya, Suppl. 5, 4-130
- Huber M., Langleit, A., Kreipl, Kurt, 2015, Tellinidae, , Compendium of bivalves, 2, 907
Iwamoto, Tomio, Nakayama, Naohide, Shao, Kwang-Tsao, Ho, Hsuan-Ching, 2015, Synopsis of the grenadier fishes (Gadiformes; Teleostei) of Taiwan, Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 62, 3, 31–126
Résumé [+] [-]Species of grenadier fishes (Order Gadiformes) in Taiwan are reviewed. The species list of Shao et al. (2008) is revised. A total 71 species in 21 genera and 3 families is recognized, including 5 species that are tentatively identified and 5 species, Coelorinchus hexafasciatus, C. cf. macrorhynchus, C. cf. notatus, Hymenocephalus papyraceus, and Ventrifossa sazonovi, that are first records for Taiwan. Ventrifossa fusca is recognized as a junior synonym of V. misakia. Keys to families, genera and species are provided. Species descriptions are based mainly on Taiwanese specimens but supplemented with specimens from various other sources. Figures of species firstly reported by Shao et al. (2008) are provided.
Ng, Peter K.L., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2015, Revision of the spider crab genus Maja Lamarck, 1801 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Majoidea: Majidae), with descriptions of seven new genera and 17 new species from the Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 63, 110-225
Résumé [+] [-]The taxonomy of spider crabs of the genus Maja Lamarck, 1801, is revised, and a total of 36 species in 10 genera are now recognised from the eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean and Indo-West Pacific. The present revision describes seven genera and 17 species as new. Two genera previously synonymised under Maja: Paramaya De Haan, 1837, and Paramaja Kubo, 1936, are here treated as valid taxa. The confused nomenclature of Cancer cornutus Linnaeus, 1758, is resolved, and the name replaces Maja capensis Ortmann, 1894, and Mamaia queketti Stebbing, 1908. All genera and species are diagnosed and figured, and keys are provided for their identification.
Oskars, Trond R., Bouchet, Philippe, Malaquias, Manuel António E., 2015, A new phylogeny of the Cephalaspidea (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) based on expanded taxon sampling and gene markers, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 89, 130-150
Chan, Tin-Yam, Cleva, Régis, Chu, Ka Hou, 2016, On the genus Trachysalambria Burkenroad, 1934 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae), with descriptions of three new species, Zootaxa, 4150, 3, 201-254
Fraussen, Koen, Stahlschmidt, Peter, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, The extensive Indo-Pacific deep-water radiation of Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 (Gastropoda: Buccinidae) and related genera, with descriptions of 21 new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 363-456
Résumé [+] [-]The tropical deep-water Cominellinae commonly assigned to the genera Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 and Eosipho Thiele, 1929 are revised. While the taxonomic details at the generic level were discussed by Kantor et al. (2013), the species level is discussed here. Twentyone new species are described: Manaria astrolabis n. sp. (French Polynesia), M. borbonica n. sp. (Réunion), M. circumsonaxa n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. corindoni n. sp. (Indonesia), M. corporosis n. sp. (the Solomons, Vanuatu, Coral Sea and New Caledonia), M. explicibilis n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. excalibur n. sp. (Indonesia and Western Australia), M. fluentisona n. sp. (the Solomons, Fiji, Wallis and Tonga), M. hadorni n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia), M. indomaris n. sp. (India), M. loculosa n. sp. (Fiji), M. lozoueti n. sp. (North Fiji Basin), M. terryni n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), M. tongaensis n. sp. (Tonga), M. tyrotarichoides n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), Calagrassor bacciballus n. sp. (Philippines), C. delicatus n. sp. (New Zealand), C. hespericus n. sp. (Mozambique), C. pidginoides n. sp. (Philippines, Papua New Guinea, the Solomons and Vanuatu), Enigmaticolus marshalli n. sp. (Kermadec Ridge, Monowai Caldera), and E. voluptarius n. sp. (New Caledonia). Considerable range extensions are recorded: Manaria kuroharai Azuma, 1960 is recorded from the Solomons, New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Tonga; M. brevicaudata (Schepman, 1911) is recorded from Taiwan, the Philippines, the Solomons and Fiji; and Calagrassor poppei (Fraussen, 2001) is recorded from Indonesia and the Solomons. Lathyrus jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, a fossil described from Indonesia, is recorded from the Recent fauna of Indonesia, Philippines and Fiji and is redescribed and placed in Manaria. Sipho jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, another fossil described from Indonesia in the same work, is a secondary homonym of Manaria jonkeri (Koperberg, 1931) and is renamed Manaria koperbergae nom. nov.
Galindo, Lee Ann, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utge, José, Lozouet, Pierre, Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, The phylogeny and systematics of the Nassariidae revisited (Gastropoda, Buccinoidea), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 99, 337-353
- Glover, Emily A., Taylor, John D., Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, Lucinidae of the Philippines: highest known diversity and ubiquity of chemosymbiotic bivalves from intertidal to bathyal depths (Mollusca: Bivalvia), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 65-234
- Marshall, Bruce A., Puillandre, Nicolas, Lambourdiere, Josie, Couloux, Arnaud, Samadi, Sarah, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, Deep-sea wood-eating limpets of the genus Pectinodonta Dall, 1882 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Patellogastropoda: Pectinodontidae) from the tropical West Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 235-265
Ng, Peter K.L., Castro, Peter, 2016, Revision of the family Chasmocarcinidae Serène, 1964 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Goneplacoidea), Zootaxa, 4209, 1, 1-182
- Sirenko, Boris I., Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, New, rare bathyal leptochitons (Mollusca, Polyplacophora) from the South and West Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 25-63
Smith-Vaniz, William F., Johnson, G. David, 2016, Hidden diversity in deep-water bandfishes: review of Owstonia with descriptions of twenty-one new species (Teleostei: Cepolidae: Owstoniinae), Zootaxa, 4187, 1, 1-103
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4187.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The bandfish family Cepolidae, comprising the subfamilies Owstoniinae and Cepolinae, is characterized, and defining characters of the three groups are identified and discussed. Characters of larvae of both subfamilies are described and illustrated. Six nominal genera of owstoniines had been proposed by various authors, but we recognize only Owstonia Tanaka. Utility of selected identification characters of the genus are discussed. Differences in lateral-line patterns have been the primary character used by some recent authors for recognition of two owstoniine genera, with Sphenanthias Weber possessing the plesiomorphic lateral-line condition. Several other patterns also occur in these fishes bringing into question the phylogenetic significance of lateral line plasticity. Sexual dimorphism in pelvic fin lengths is also present in several species. Identification keys, descriptions, synonymies, distribution maps and photographs or illustrations are provided for all Owstonia species for which adults are available. Although only 15 valid species were previously known, a remarkable hidden diversity of these fishes was discovered in major museum collections with the following 21 species here described as new: O. ainonaka (eastern Australia), O. contodon (Philippines), O. crassa (New Caledonia and Solomon Islands), O. dispar (Solomon Islands), O. elongata (New Caledonia and Vanuatu), O. fallax (eastern Australia and New Caledonia), O. geminata (Vanuatu and Philippines), O. hastata (eastern Australia), O. hawaiiensis (Hawaiian Islands); O. ignota (Mariana Islands), O. lepiota (Tanzania), O. melanoptera (Philippines), O. merensis (eastern Australia, Torres Strait), O. mundyi (Kiribati, Christmas Island), O. nalani (eastern Australia and New Caledonia), O. nudibucca (eastern Indian Ocean, Mentawai Islands and off Myanmar), O. psilos (Western Australia), O. raredonae (Mozambique), O. rhamma (Vanuatu), O. scottensis (Western Australia, Scott Reefs) and O. similis (Madagascar). Several specimens based on small juveniles, which we describe as Owstonia sp., appear to be additional new species but are not formally described as such.
Sumner-Rooney, Lauren, Sigwart, Julia D., McAfee, Jenny, Smith, Lisa, Williams, Suzanne T., 2016, Repeated eye reduction events reveal multiple pathways to degeneration in a family of marine snails, Evolution, 70, 10, 2268-2295
doi: 10.1111/evo.13022 Résumé [+] [-]Eye reduction occurs in many troglobitic, fossorial, and deep-sea animals but there is no clear consensus on its evolutionary mechanism. Given the highly conserved and pleiotropic nature of many genes instrumental to eye development, degeneration might be expected to follow consistent evolutionary trajectories in closely related animals. We tested this in a comparative study of ocular anatomy in solariellid snails from deep and shallow marine habitats using morphological, histological, and tomographic techniques, contextualized phylogenetically. Of 67 species studied, 15 lack retinal pigmentation and at least seven have eyes enveloped by surrounding epithelium. Independent instances of reduction follow numerous different morphological trajectories. We estimate eye loss has evolved at least seven times within Solariellidae, in at least three different ways: characters such as pigmentation loss, obstruction of eye aperture, and “lens” degeneration can occur in any order. In one instance, two morphologically distinct reduction pathways appear within a single genus, Bathymophila. Even amongst closely related animals living at similar depths and presumably with similar selective pressures, the processes leading to eye loss have more evolutionary plasticity than previously realized. Although there is selective pressure driving eye reduction, it is clearly not morphologically or developmentally constrained as has been suggested by previous studies.
Ahyong, Shane T., Ng, Peter K.L., 2017, East Asian Cymonomid Crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura), Zoological Studies, 56, 24, 1-20
Castelin, Magalie, Williams, Suzanne T., Buge, Barbara, Maestrati, Philippe, Lambourdière, Josie, Ozawa, Tomowo, Utge, José, Couloux, Arnaud, Alf, Axel, Samadi, Sarah, 2017, Untangling species identity in gastropods with polymorphic shells in the genus Bolma Risso, 1826 (Mollusca, Vetigastropoda), European Journal of Taxonomy, 288, 1-21
doi: 10.5852/ejt.2017.288 Résumé [+] [-]In shelled molluscs, assigning valid species names to independent evolutionary lineages can be a difficult task. Most original descriptions are based on empty shells and the high levels of variation in shape, color and pattern in some groups can make the shell a poor proxy for species-level identification. The deep-sea gastropod turbinid genus Bolma is one such example, where species-level identification based on shell characters alone is challenging. Here, we show that in Bolma both traditional and molecular taxonomic treatments are associated with a number of pitfalls that can lead to biased inferences about species diversity. Challenges derive from the few phylogenetically informative characters of shells, insufficient information provided in original descriptions and sampling artefacts, which at the molecular level in spatially fragmented organisms can blur distinctions between genetically divergent populations and separate species. Based on a comprehensive dataset combining molecular, morphological and distributional data, this study identified several cases of shell-morphological plasticity and convergence. Results also suggest that what was thought to be a set of distinct, range-restricted species corresponds instead to a smaller number of more widespread species. Overall, using an appropriate sampling design, including type localities, allowed us to assign available names to evolutionarily significant units.
Chan, Tin-Yam, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Barazer, Jean-François, 2017, Ship-based collection of large crustaceans, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 37, 4, 481-489
Fedesov, Alexander E., Puillandre, Nicolas, Herrmann, Manfred, Dgebuadze, Polina, Bouchet, Philippe, 2017, Phylogeny, systematics, and evolution of the family Costellariidae (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 179, 3, 541-626
doi: 10.1111/zoj.12431 Résumé [+] [-]The neogastropod family Costellariidae is a large and successful group of carnivorous marine mollusks that encompasses about 475 living species. Costellariids are most diverse in the tropical Indo-Pacific at a depth interval of 0–200 m, where they are largely represented by numerous species commonly assigned to the genus Vexillum. The present work expands the taxon sampling of a previous phylogeny of the mitriform gastropods to resolve earlier problematic relationships, and thus establish a robust framework of the family, revise its taxonomy, and uncover major trends in the evolution of costellariid morphology. A multicuspidate rachidian is shown to have appeared at least twice in the evolutionary history of the family: it is regarded as an apomorphy of the primarily Indo-Pacific Vexillum–Austromitra–Atlantilux lineage, and has evolved independently in the Nodicostellaria–Mitromica lineage of the western hemisphere. The genera Ceratoxancus and Latiromitra are transferred from the Ptychatractidae to the Costellariidae. Tosapusia, Protoelongata, and Pusia are ranked as full genera, the latter with the three subgenera Pusia, Ebenomitra, and Vexillena. Vexillum (Costellaria) and Zierliana are treated as synonyms of Vexillum. The replacement name Suluspira is proposed for Visaya Poppe, Guillot de Suduiraut & Tagaro, 2006, non Ahyong, 2004 (Crustacea). We introduce four new genera, Alisimitra, Costapex, Turriplicifer, and Orphanopusia, and characterize their anatomy; 14 new species, mostly from deep water in the Indo-Pacific, are described in the genera Tosapusia, Alisimitra, Costapex, and Pusia. At least two species of Costapex gen. nov. have been collected from sunken wood.
- Oliver, Joan Daniel, Rolán, Emilio, 2017, A new species of the genus Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) from the Cape Verde archipelago - Una nueva especie del género Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) del archipiélago de Cabo Verde, Iberus, 35, 1, 47-57
- Peñas, Anselmo, Rolán, Emilio, Sociedad española de malacología, 2017, Deep water Pyramidelloidea from the Central and South Pacific: the tribe Chrysallidini, ECIMAT, Universidade de Vigo
Puillandre, Nicolas, Fedosov, Alexander E., Zaharias, Paul, Aznar-Cormano, Laetitia, Kantor, Yuri I., 2017, A quest for the lost types of Lophiotoma (Gastropoda: Conoidea: Turridae): integrative taxonomy in a nomenclatural mess, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 181, 2, 243-271
- Vilvens, Claude, 2017, New species and new records of Chilodontidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Seguenzioidea) from the Pacific Ocean, Novapex, 18, HS 11, 1-67
Williams, S.T., Foster, P.G., Hughes, C., Harper, E.M., Taylor, J.D., Littlewood, D.T.J., Dyal, P., Hopkins, K.P., Briscoe, A.G., 2017, Curious bivalves: Systematic utility and unusual properties of anomalodesmatan mitochondrial genomes, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 110, 60-72
Fedosov, Alexander, Puillandre, Nicolas, Herrmann, Manfred, Kantor, Yuri, Oliverio, Marco, Dgebuadze, Polina, Modica, Maria Vittoria, Bouchet, Philippe, 2018, The collapse of Mitra: molecular systematics and morphology of the Mitridae (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 20, 1-85
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