Chefs de mission
Date et lieu de départTue Nov 22 00:00:00 CET 1994 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Date et lieu d'arrivéeThu Dec 22 00:00:00 CET 1994 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
|Etape||Date de départ||Date d'arrivée||Départ||Arrivée||Navire|
|leg 1||Mon Nov 21 00:00:00 CET 1994||Thu Dec 01 00:00:00 CET 1994||Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)||Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)||Alis|
|leg 2||Mon Dec 12 00:00:00 CET 1994||Fri Dec 23 00:00:00 CET 1994||Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)||Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)||Alis|
La campagne HALICAL 1, inscrite dans le cadre du programme ZoNéCo, avait pour objectif de réaliser une estimation des potentialités halieutiques par pêches à la palangre de fond entre 500 et 800 m dans le Nord et sur la Ride des Loyauté, ainsi que la récolte de dents fossiles du requin géant disparu, Procarcharodon megalodon, dans le but d'en reconstituer une mâchoire en grandeur nature pour exposition dans le hall de l'ORSTOM. Lire la suite
Travaux effectués :
42 opérations ont été réalisées dont 38 poses de palangres et 4 dragages à la drague Warèn. Lire la suite
- Grandperrin, René, Bargibant, Georges, Menou, Jean-Louis, 1995, Campagne HALICAL 1 de pêche à la palangre de fond dans le Nord et sur la ride des Loyauté, en Nouvelle-Calédonie N.O. Alis, 21 novembre - 1er décembre et 12-23 décembre 1994, Conventions Sciences de la Mer, Biologie marine, 12, 67
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Forest, Jacques, Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Crustacea Depapoda: Diacanthurus gen. nov., a new genus of hermit crabs (Paguridae) with both Recent and fossil representation, and the description of two new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 18, 176, 235-259
Résumé [+] [-]The new genus, Diacanthurus, is proposed for a group of three Recent and one fossil species formeriy assigned to the heterogeneous genus Pagurus Fabricius. In addition to the transfer of Pagurus clifdenensis Hyden & Forest (fossil), P. spinulimanus (Miers), P. rubricatus (Henderson), and P. ophthalmicus (Ortmann), two new species, Diacanthurus ecphyma sp. nov. from New Caledonia and Western Australia, and D. richeri sp. nov. from New Caledonia are assigned to this new genus. Expanded diagnoses or descriptions and illustrations of all Recent species are provided.
- Séret, Bernard, Grandperrin, René, Rivaton, Jacques, 1997, Poissons de profondeur et ressources halieutiques de la zone économique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, Cybium, 21, 1 suppl., 99-106
Beu, Alan G., 1998, Indo-West Pacific Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). A monograph of the New Caledonian fauna and revisions of related taxa - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 19, 178, 256
Résumé [+] [-]The Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae from the New Caledonia region (including the Loyalty Islands, the Coral Sea and the New Hebrides Arc) are monographed based on the results of an extensive collecting effort totalling more than 1000 stations. Seventy-three species are recorded, with numerous range extensions. One of the more remarkable aspects of this fauna is the uniquely diverse deep-water tonnoidean assemblage, dominated by species such as Bursa fijiensis, B. latitudo, B. quirihorai, species of Distorsio, Sassia remensa, and less common small personids in the genera Distorsionella and Personopsis. The number of species of New Caledonian Personidae is the highest yet recorded. The Personopsis species are the first modem ones correctly referred to the genus. Revisions are provided of Biplex, Gyrineum, Cyinatium (Gelagna), the Cymatium vespaceum, C. tenuiliratum and Bursa latitudo species groups, of southwest Pacific species of Sassia, and of several Cymatium (Ranularia) and Distorsio species. New genera proposed are Halgyrineum (Ranellidae) and Distorsomina (Personidae). Seven new species are proposed: Biplex bozzettii (from Somalia and southem India), Gyrineum longicaudatum (from the tropical westem Pacific), Cymatium pemiiketi (from Oman), Distorsio parvimpedita, Distorsionella pseudaphera, Personopsis purpurata and P. trigonaperta (all from New Caledonia). The nomenclature of numerous taxa is stabilized by the designation of neotypes and lectotypes for nominal species named by A. Adams & Reeve, Broderip, Deshayes, Dillwyn, Dunker, Fulton, Gmelin, Gould, Gray, Iredale, Jousseaume, Kuenen. Küster, Lamarck, Linné, Martin. Mighels, d'Orbigny, Perry, Reeve, Röding, Salis Marschlins, Schepman, Schumacher, G B. Sowerby II, and Wood.
- Auzende, Jean-Marie, Grandperrin, René, Bouniot, Emmanuel, Henin, Christian, Lafoy, Yves, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, van de Beuque, Sabrina, Verly, Sabrina, 1999, Marine resources of the Economic Zone of New Caledonia, Oceanologica Acta, 22, 6, 557-566
Bach, P., Farinole, F., Grandperrin, René, Jomessy, T., Mou-Tham, G., Pantaloni, L., 1999, Campagne ZoNéCo 6 de chalutages et de pêches à la palangre de fond dans l'ouest de la zone économique de Nouvelle-Calédonie (N.O. Alis de l'IRD, 1-14 décembre 1998), 37
Résumé [+] [-]The exploratory fishing survey ZoNéCo 6 was canied out on board the R.Y. Alis of the IRD (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement) from 1-14 Décember 1998. lts main objective was to show whether commercial fish resources are present at depths between 300 and 800 m on the outer reef slopes of the Fairway-Lansdowne Bank and the Chesterfield Atoll. Two fishing techniques were used, bottom trawling and bottom longlining. The choice of fishing spots was based on both acoustic surveys using a 28 kHz FURUNO FCY 292 and the bathymetric charts produced during the seabed mapping survey ZoNéCo 4 canied out by the R.Y. L'Atalante. The duration of the trip was splitted into 41, l % devoted to transit, 27 % to bathymetry, 22.3 % to fishing and 9,6 % to waste of time due to bad weather conditions. 17 fishing stations were completed of which 9 were trawl hauls and 8 bottom longline sets amounting to a fishing effort close to 5000 hooks. Three trawl stations and 3 longline sets were made on the slopes of the Chesterfield Atoll whilst 6 trawl stations and 5 longline sets were completed on the slopes of the Fairway-Lansdowne Bank. The total catch was 822 kg of which 243 kg were caught with the trawl and 579 kg with the longline. The trawl did not catch any commercial species, shark amounting to 42 % of the catch, bone fishes 40 %, Crustaceans 9 % and Cephalopods 9 %. The average trawl catch rate was 0,6 tonne/km2 (6,06 kg/ha). The only commercial species caught with the longline were « red snappers» Etelis . carbunculus and E coruscans amounting to 211 kg (36,4 % of the total weight) with a catch rate of 4,3 kg/100 hooks. Sharks dominated the catch both in terms of number and weight (320 kg amounting to 55,3 % of the catch). Gnly one Beryx splendens was caught. With the exception of « red snappers », the survey did not show the presence of commercial target resources within the 300-800 m depth range of the prospected area.
de Saint Laurent, Michèle, McLaughlin, Patsy A., 1999, A new genus and species of hermit crabs (Decapoda, Anomura, Paguridae) from the western Pacific, Zoosystema, 21, 1, 77-92
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus is porposed for a new species widely distributed in the western Pacific Ocean from the Philippine Islands in the northwestern Pacific south to Kermadec Islands of New Zeland. Jacquesia n. genus, bears considerable similarity to Iridopagurus de Saint Laurent-Dechancé, 1966, in lacking an accessory tooth on the crista dentata of the third maxilliped, but having eleven pairs of quadriserial gills, slender elongate and subequal chelipeds and a well-developed left male sexual tube. It is distinguished from Iridopagurus by he presence of paired fisrt pleopods in females. The new species is a very distinct, but morphologically variable species. Theses variations, however, do not appear to be correlated with either size or sex.
McLay, Colin L., Crosnier, Alain, 1999, Crustacea Decapoda: Revision of the Family Dynomenidae, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 20, 180, 427-569
Résumé [+] [-]The Dynomenidae are a group of small, uncommon, primitive crabs, which are often associated with corals. They inhabit depths down to around 500 m, between latitudes 40°N and 40°S. All genera and species are revised and redescribed, and the genus Dynomene Desmarest, 1823 is divided into two additional genera. As a result, there are thirteen known species belonging to five genera: Dynomene Desmarest, 1823 [D. hispida Guérin-Méneville, 1832, D. praedator A. Milne Edwards, 1879, D. pugnatrix de Man, 1889, D. filholi Bouvier, 1894, and D. pilumnoides Alcock, 1900], Hirsutodynomene gen. nov. [H. spinosa (Rathbun, 1911), and H. ursula (Stimpson, li>60)], Metadynomene gen. nov. [Ai. devaneyi (Takeda, 1977), M. tanensis (Yokoya, 1933), and M. crosnieri sp. nov.], Acanlliodromia A. Milne Edwards, 1880 [A. erinacea A. Milne Edwards, 1880, and A. margarita (Alcock, 1899)], and Paradynomene Sakai, 1963 [P. tuberculata Sakai, 1963]. A key is provided to identify these species. In addition nine fossil genera, dating from the Upper Jurassic, are known: Stephanonietopon Bosquet, 1854, Dromiopsis Reuss, 1859, Palaeodromites A. Milne Edwards, 1865, Cyamocarcinus Bittner, 1883, Graptocarcinus Roemer, 1887, Cyclothyreus Remes, 1895, Gemmellarocarcinus Checchia-Rispoli, 1905, Glyptodynomene Van Straelen, 1944, Trachynotocarcinus Wright & Collins, 1972. Some extinct species have also been placed in the genus Dynomene. The definition of the family Dynomenidae given by ALCOCK (1901) is updated and expanded in order to allow fossil species to be more accurately determined. Because of overlap with the Dromiidae, there has been some uncertainty about true family affinities of some fossils. Although these genera are in need of revision, this is not undertaken in this paper. The status oi Dynomene pilumnoides is established as a valid species, D. pugnatrix brevimana Rathbun. 1911 is synonymized with D. pugnatrix de Man, 1889, D. granulobata Dai, Yang & Lan, 1981 is a synonym of D. hispida, while D. sinensis Chen, 1979, D. tenuilobata Dai, Yang & Lan, 1981, and D. huangluensis Dai, Cai & Yang, 1996 are all synonyms of D. praedator. Dynomenids are reported from Australia for the first time in D. pilumnoides, and Hirsutodynomene spinosa. The status of Metadynomene tanensis (Yokoya, 1933) is established as a widespread Pacific species and shown to be part of the fauna of Japan, where it has been confused with D. praedator. Paradynomene tuberculata, previously known from Japan and New Caledonia, is now recorded from the Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean. P. tuberculata as well as D. praedator and H. spinosa, are reported from Guam. The Atlantic Ocean and the Indo-Pacific share genera of dynomenids but not species. The biogeographic history of dynomenids is interpreted in the liglit of tfieir present distribution and in relation to plate tectonics. Ancestral dynomenids are assumed to have been tethyan crabs and D. filholi and Acanthodromia erinacea, two insular Atlantic species, are shown to be tethyan relicts. By contrast, Hirsutodynomene ursula from the eastem Pacific, seems to be a species of quite recent origin. In redescribing the species particular attention is paid to some new characters: setae, gills, epipods and gill cleaning mechanisms, the subchelate structure of the last pereopods and the male pleopods. This work was undertaken using a scanning electron microscope. Differences in the gross appearance of setae can be used to separate species and there are substantial differences in setal structure at the microscopic level. The standard branchial formula for dynomenids is shown to be nineteen gills plus seven epipods. There is little variation in gill numbers but substantial variation in gill shape between species. Although dynomenid gills are often said to be "transitional" they are arranged as in phyllobranchs but with the epibranchial part divided into varying numbers of lobes which gives them a trichobranch-like appearance. Acanthodromia has gills which are almost identical to the phyllobranchs of the Dromiidae but which retain the "dynomenid notch" on each side which, in cross section, give each gill plate a violin shape. The gill cleaning mechanism in dynomenids is complex, being carried out by no less than eight appendages (long setae on the posterior margin of the scaphognatbite and the seven epipods) as well as stiff setae on the posterior hypobranchial wall of the gill chamber. In eubrachyurans only three appendages (maxillipodal epipods) are used. In dynomenids the last pereopod is very reduced (on average less than one-third the length of the fourth pereopod) and carried in a horizontal position alongside the posterolateral carapace margin above the base of the preceding pereopod. They are not, as it has been commonly described, carried subdorsally. Using a scanning electron microscope it was revealed that this limb is sexually dimorphic: in males the dactyl has the normal shape of a tiny claw, but in females the dactyl is a flattened plate, bearing five to sixteen spines which are opposable to an extension of the propodus. In both males and females the propodal extension is armed with spines but in Hirsutodynomene. Metadynomene and Paradynotnene, females have a significantly larger number of spines, which are armed with tiny teeth. Males of three species have an additional small spine on the outer margin of the dactyl. This is a character, previously only known amongst the Dromiidae, which suggests that the last pereopod of dynomenids may have evolved from a camouflagecarrying limb. This limb appears to be vestigial and it is difficult to know what its function may have been amongst the dynomenid ancestors. However its most likely former role appears to be as a cleaning appendage, but certainly not for carrying pieces of camouflage as it is found amongst the dromiids and homolids. All dynomenids, except Acanthodromia, lack an effective abdominal locking mechanism and both sexes have five pairs of pleopods. The female has vestigial, uniramous first pleopods followed by four pairs of normal biramous pleopods, while the male has the normal first two pairs of pleopods as well as three pairs of rudimentary pleopods on segments three to five. These rudimentary pleopods can be uniramous or bifid. In Metadynomene tatiensis 17% of females were gynandromorphs with small male first pleopods but the remaining pleopods were normal. The diet of dynomenids seems to consist of food obtained by sieving fine sediment or perhaps coral mucus. The bunches of sfiff setae on the inner margins of the cheliped fingers and third maxillipeds are probably used to separate fine organic fragments. Most of their gut contents are unidentifiable soft organic material along with small amounts of chopped chitinous fragments perhaps coming from hydroids or other crustaceans. Dynomenids appear to be deposit feeders. Dynomenids have a broadcast reproductive strategy, with indirect development, laying small eggs (mean diameter = 0.49 mm) which probably produce planktonic larvae. Dynomenid larvae have never been reported in plankton samples. Males are on average 19% larger than females which become sexually mature at 5-8 mm CW for small species, or 9-13 mm CW for large species. Egg numbers increase logarithmically with body size. Given the sister group relationship with homolodromiids (which have very abbreviated development) it is implied that dynomenids and dromiids evolved from ancestors which had large eggs and perhaps a brooding strategy. This conclusion is contrary to accepted wisdom, but it is the most parsimonious answer. Some dromiids have retained the brooding strategy but others have independently evolved a broadcast strategy. The evolution of such a strategy in both these families is probably related to their colonization of the shallow water habitat. Both dynomenids and dromiids are mostly crabs of the continental shelf whereas homolodromiids are crabs of the continental slope. Using morphological characters the phylogenetic relafionships of the Dynomenidae are examined. Both the Dynomenidae and the Dromiidae are monophylefic, sharing significant apomorphies. The resemblance of some dynomenids and dromiids is shown to be the result of convergent evolution within these families. The Homolodromiidae are also monophyletic but are defined almost exclusively by plesiomorphies. Monophyly of the Dromiacea de Haan, 1833 is supported by morphological characters with the Dynomenidae and Dromiidae together being the sister group of the Homolodromiidae. The ancestor of these three families was probably a camouflage carrying crab, using both of the last two pairs of pereopods. A controversial aspect of the sister group relationships of the dromiaceans is the need to assume that in dynomenids the fourth pereopod has reverted to a locomotory role and the fifth pereopod became a cleaning limb. Monophyly of the Podotremata Guinot, 1977 is also supported. This analysis suggests that camouflage-carrying behaviour has evolved independently in the Dromiidae (and probably in the Homolodromiidae) and the Homolidae. Dromiids carry pieces of sponges or ascidians as well as shells, using the last two pairs of pereopods, while homolids carry sponges or anemones, using only the last pair of pereopods. The ancestor of the Dromiacea and Archaeobrachyura was probably an inhabitant of deeper waters and not a camouflage carrying crab.
Castro, Peter, Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: A revision of the Indo-West Pacific species of palicid crabs (Brachyura Palicidae)), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 437-610
Résumé [+] [-]The taxonomy of the crabs belonging to the family Palicidae Bouvier, 1898 from the Indo-west Pacific region is revised. On the basis of extensive material collected by French expeditions in the Coral Sea and other regions of the Pacific and Indian oceans, as well as material from numerous museums, including most of the types, the present study recognizes two subfamilies, 10 genera, and 43 species. Of these taxa, four are new genera: Exopalicus, Miropalicus, Paliculus, and Rectopalicus. Manella is synonymized with Crossotonotus A. Milne Edwards, 1873. Parapleurophricoides Nobili, 1906, sometimes believed to be a palicid, is a xanthoid and it is removed from the Palicidae. Nine nominal species described by previous authors are synonymized and an additional 17 species are described.
Hoarau, Galice, Borsa, Philippe, 2000, Extensive gene flow within sibling species in the deep-sea fish Beryx splendens, Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences-Series III-Sciences de la Vie, 323, 3, 315–325
Résumé [+] [-]Molecular markers allow insights into the population biology and ecology of deep-sea organisms, which are usually hardly accessible to direct observation and poorly known. Such a study was undertaken here for the deep-sea fish Beryx splendens, a species of growing interest to fisheries. B. splendens populations were sampled on seamounts and continental margins in the southwestern Pacific (New Caledonia, New Zealand, southeastern Australia) and in the northeastern Atlantic. Two hundred and fifty individuals were characterised by their single-strand DNA conformation (SSCP) of a z 360-base-pair (bp) fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene, amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Two major SSCP haplotypes were observed in New Caledonia, a and w, whose frequencies were negatively correlated along a north-tosouth cline. All SSCP haplotypes in the total sample were sequenced on 273 bp. The phylogenetic tree of B. splendens haplotype sequences, rooted by two B. decadactylus sequences, showed that a and w belong to distinct mitochondrial clades, A and W, which are separated by z 4–6 % nucleotide divergence. Thirty individuals from New Caledonia were characterised by their DNA fingerprint from arbitrary-primed PCR. The distribution of individual-pairwise similarity indices was strongly bimodal. The larger similarity values all corresponded to comparisons within a clade (A or W) while the lower values were all between clades. Therefore, there was a strict association between the mitochondrial type and the DNA (presumably, nuclear DNA) fingerprint of an individual. Altogether, these results point to the existence of two biological species (sp. A and sp. W) within the current taxon B. splendens. No within-species differentiation was detected at the regional scale (New Caledonia). A remarkable result is that the three cytochrome b haplotypes of northeastern Atlantic B. cf. splendens sp. A were also the three commonest in the southwestern Pacific populations of this species. Such a level of homogeneity in the distribution of haplotypes suggests there is, or recently has been, gene flow at the inter-oceanic scale.
- Crosnier A., 2001, Grapsidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) d’eau profonde du Pacifique sud-ouest, Zoosystema, 23, 4, 783-796
Sysoev, Alexander V., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, New and uncommon turriform gastropods (Gastropoda:Conoidea) from the South-West Pacific, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 271-320
Résumé [+] [-]Several hundred species of turriform gastropods (Drilliidae, Turridae, Conidae) have been collected at bathyal depths in New Caledonia and other South-West Pacific archipelagoes. Seventeen new species are here described in the genera Drillia (Drilliidae), Inquisitor, Funa, Zemacies, Comitas (Turridae), Benthofascis, Bathytomq Glyphostoma, Daphnella, Spergo, Gymnobela, Teretiopsis, and Rocroithys gen. Novo (Conidae). The genus Zemacies, until now known from Paleocene to Pliocene deposits in New Zealand and Australia, is recognized for the first time in the Recent fauna, and includes Z. excelsa sp. Novo from New Caledonia, and Z. queenslandica (Powell, 1969) comb. nov., from Queensland to Papua. Benthofascis lozoueti sp. Nov., from the Norfolk Ridge, is the second confirmed species of the genus. Bathytoma boholica Parth, 1994 is synonymized with B. atractoides (Watson, 1881), and the validity of B. hedlandensis Tippett & Kosuge, 1994 is questioned. The range of Spergo fusiformis (Kuroda & Habe, 1961), hitherto known only from Japan, is shown to extend to Madagascar and the South-West Pacific. Daphnella itonis, which has been known under that name in the Japanese literature for more than 40 years, is formally described for the first time, based on specimens from New Caledonia. The species has very long radular teeth and, like molluscivorous species of cones, appears to be feeding on gastropods.
Bouchet, Philippe, Petit, Richard E., 2002, New species of deep-water Cancellariidae (Gastropoda) from the southwestern Pacific, The Nautilus, 116, 3, 95-104
Résumé [+] [-]One new genus and nine new species of Cancellariidae are described from New Caledonia from depths between 200 and 600 meters. They are: Africotriton adelphum new species, Mirandaphera new genus, Mirandaphera cayrei new species, Mirandaphera maestratii new species, Merica marisca new species, Sveltia rocroii new species, Sveltia splendidula new species, Nipponaphera pardalis new species, Nipponaphera cyphoma new species, and Nipponaphera goniata new species. Africotriton adelphum new species is the first species in that genus known from outside South Africa and Australia. The new genus Mirandaphera is characterized by its broad, non-umbilicate shell with very large crenulated axial ribs, and axial columella. The genus is composed of the new species described herein, Mirandaphera maestratii new species and M. cayrei new species, and two other species: M. tosaensis (Habe, 1961) new combination and M. arafurensis (Verhecken, 1997) new combination, from deep water off Japan and the Arafura Sea respectively. Trigonaphera teramachii Habe, 1961 and Agatrix. nodosivaricosa Petuch, 1979 are transferred to Nipponaphera. New species of Merica, Sveltia, and Nipponaphera are the deepest dwelling known representatives in their respective genera.
Didier, Dominique A., Séret, Bernard, 2002, Chimaeroid fishes of New Caledonia with description of a new species of Hydrolagus (Chondrichthyes, Holocephali), Cybium, 26, 3, 225-233
Résumé [+] [-]Three species of chimaeroid fishes are reported from deep waters around New Caledonia: Chimaera phantasma, Rhinochimaera pacifica and Hydrolagus trolli n. sp., which is described from 23 specimens collected from New Caledonia and New Zealand at depths of 612 - 1707 m. The new species is distinguished from all other members of the genus by its blue-gray coloration, distinctly pointed snout, first dorsal fin concave along its posterior edge with a pale margin, preopercular and oral lateral-line canals usually sharing a common branch, males with a robust frontal tenaculum with the distal bulb upturned at its distal edge, denticles extending onto the dorsal surface and bifid pelvic claspers with the distal 1/3 divided and pale colored, fleshy distal lobes.
Holthuis, Lipke Bydeley, 2002, The Indo-Pacific scyllarine lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae), Zoosystema, 24, 3, 499-683
Résumé [+] [-]A revision is provided of the Indo-Pacific species of the subfamily Scyllarinae. All of these species were formerly placed in the genus Scyllarus Fabricius, 1775, but a closer study revealed that several genera could be distinguished within the subfamily. The 13 new genera now recognized in the Indo-Pacific biogeographic region are as follows: Acantharctus n. gen., Antarctus n. gen., Antipodarctus n. gen., Bathyarctus n. gen., Biarctus n. gen., Chelarctus n. gen., Crenarctus n. gen., Eduarctus n. gen., Galearctus n. gen., Gibbularctus n. gen., Petrarctus n. gen., Remiarctus n. gen. and Scammarctus n. gen. Diagnoses and keys are provided for all the genera and their species. New and insufficiently known species have been described extensively, for the others additional morphological details are given. New species are: Bathyarctus chani n. gen., n. sp., B. steatopygus n. gen., n. sp., Petrarctus veliger n. gen., n. sp., Chelarctus crosnieri n. gen., n. sp., Eduarctus pyrrhonotus n. gen., n. sp., E. marginatus n. gen., n. sp., E. perspicillatus n. gen., n. sp. and E. reticulatus n. gen., n. sp. Furthermore efforts were made to provide each species with a complete synonymy, a description of the colour, its biology, habitat and geographical distribution. All the material examined is listed in detail. Where appropriate, remarks are provided on nomenclature, published data on the larval development and other topics.
Fraussen, Koen, Hadorn, Roland, 2003, Six new Buccinidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Novapex, 4, 2-3, 33-50
Résumé [+] [-]Serratifusus Darragh, 1969 comprises five Récent species, ail from New Caledonia, of which three are described as new: Serratifusus excelens sp. Nov., S. harasewychi sp. Nov. And 5. sitanius sp. Nov. Formerly known from New Caledonia by only one species, the genus Euthria M. E. Gray, 1850 is enriched with three new species: Euthria cumulata sp. Nov., E. scepta sp. Nov. And E. solifer sp. Nov. "Siphonofusus" vicdani Kosuge, 1992, a species with uncertain generic placement, and previously only known from the Philippine Islands and Australia, is now recorded from off New Caledonia.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., 2004, New Caledonia: The major centre of biodiversity for volutomitrid molluscs (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Volutomitridae), Systematics and Biodiversity, 1, 4, 467-502
doi: 10.1017/S1477200003001282 Résumé [+] [-]Recent deep-sea explorations in the South Pacific have documented around New Caledonia the most diverse fauna of gastropods of the family Volutomitridae anywhere in the world. Fourteen species (nine new, two remaining unnamed) are recorded, all essentially confined to the 250–750 m depth range. The high number of species in the New Caledonia region does not appear to be an effect of sampling intensity, but appears to result from four factors: regional spatial heterogeneity, frequency of hard substrates, syntopy, and a historical heritage shared with Australia and New Zealand, which until now ranked as the major centre of volutomitrid diversity. In the New Caledonia region, volutomitrids show a marked preference for hard bottoms and up to three species may cooccur in the same dredge haul. Many species appear to have extremely narrow geographical distributions within the region (e.g. a single seamount or a single submerged plateau); conversely, Microvoluta joloensis, the only non-endemic volutomitrid present in New Caledonia, ranges from the Mozambique Channel to Tonga.
Chan, Tin‐Yam, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, The ‘‘Plesionika rostricrescentis (Bate, 1888)’’ and ‘‘P. lophotes Chace, 1985’’ species groups of Plesionika Bate, 1888, with descriptions of five new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pandalidae), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 293-318
Résumé [+] [-]Before the present study, Plesionika rostricrescentis (Bate, 1888) and P. lophotes Chace, 1985 were the two Plesionika species unique in having a high basal rostral crest. A recently described species, P. erythrocyclus Chan & Crosnier, 1997 has a low basal rostral crest but is evidently related to P. rostricrescentis. Close examination of the abundant material collected during the MUSORSTOM expeditions and from Taiwan revealed that there are at least eight species in this ‘‘P. rostricrescentis-P. lophotes’’ species complex. These taxa are morphologically very similar but can be distinguished by their very distinctive colorations, which are often striking and consist of large circular spots. In the ‘‘P. rostricrescentis’’ group, which has the dorsal margin of the rostrum unarmed between the anteriormost tooth of the basal rostral crest and the subapical teeth, five species are recognized. Plesionika rostricrescentis is still known only by the holotype from the Kai Islands. Two new species, P. hsuehyui and P. suffusa, closely similar to P. rostricrescentis, are described. Plesionika hsuehyui is widely distributed from Taiwan to Fiji, while P. suffusa has only been found off New Caledonia. Plesionika erythrocyclus, previously known only from Taiwan and French Polynesia, occurs widely in the southern Pacific. Another new species, P. bimaculata, which closely resembles P. erythrocyclus, is distributed off New Caledonia and in adjacent areas. Three species are recognized in the ‘‘P. lophotes’’ group, which bear dorsal rostral teeth between the basal rostral crest and subapical teeth. Plesionika lophotes is restricted to the area between Japan and northwestern Australia. Two further closely similar new species, P. rufomaculata and P. scopifera are described, the former widely distributed from Okinawa to Futuna Island, the latter only off New Caledonia and Tonga. Although coloration is very important in distinguishing these species, species with similar color patterns do not necessarily belong to the same species group. Morphologically, these species are mainly separated by the height of the basal rostral crest, the number of rostral teeth, and the length of the stylocerite and the dactyli of the posterior three pereiopods. However, there is sexual dimorphism in the development of the basal rostral crest in these species, sometimes making positive identification of males and young specimens difficult.
Machordom, Annie, Macpherson, Enrique, 2004, Rapid radiation and cryptic speciation in squat lobsters of the genus Munida (Crustacea, Decapoda) and related genera in the South West Pacific: molecular and morphological evidence, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 33, 2, 259-279
McLay, Colin L., Ng, Peter K.L., 2004, A taxonomic revision of the genus Paradynomene Sakai, 1963 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Dynomenidae), Zootaxa, 657, 1-24
Résumé [+] [-]The Indo-West Pacific dynomenid genus Paradynomene Sakai, 1963, previously regarded as monotypic, is revised and six species are now recognized, viz. P. tuberculata Sakai, 1963, P. quasimodo n. sp., P. demon n. sp., P. diablo n. sp., P. teufel n. sp. and P. rotunda n. sp.. Most of the species are from deep to relatively deep waters with only one species (P. rotunda) known from shallow water. The species are distinguished by a combination of carapace features, notably carapace shape and height, form of the areolae, and position of major tubercles.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2005, Revision of the genus Granulifusus Kuroda & Habe 1954, with description of some new species (Gastropoda : Prosobranchia : Fasciolariidae), Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 134, 2, 129-171
doi: 10.1127/arch.moll/0003-9284/134/129-171 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Granulifusus is distributed over the upper continental shelves in the Indo-West Pacific. The 27 species (21 Recent, 6 fossil) are characterized and separated from Fusinus by a granulated surface sculpture, the Recent also by a small round operculum which does not fill the aperture. Fusus (Sipho) libratus Watson 1886 and Latirus staminatus Garrard 1966 are placed in Granulifusus, their transfer based on the above mentioned conchological characteristics and on radular evidence. Granulifusus niponicus (E.A. Smith 1879), G. kiranus Shuto 1958, G. rubrolineatus (Sowerby II 1870), G. staminatus (Garrard 1966) and G. libratus (Watson 1886) were collected during the Musorstom expeditions and the material is extensively reported on. G. bacciballus sp. nov. (North New Caledonia, 444-452 m), G. benjamini sp. nov. (Coral Sea, Chesterfield, 400 m), G. balbus sp. nov. (South New Caledonia, 470 m), G. amoenus sp. nov. (Vanuatu, 480-544 m), G. geometricus sp. nov. (Tonga Islands, 427-436 m), G. monsecourorum sp. nov. (Madagascar, 240 m) and G. babae sp. nov. (Indonesia, Tanimbar Islands, 206-210 m) were also collected by the Musorstom expeditions and are added to this fauna and described as new species. From the collection of the Australian Museum, Sydney (AMS), one additional Recent species (G. lochi sp. nov., Western Australia, 301-310 m) and one fossil species (G. nakasiensis sp. nov., Nakasi Sandstone Beds, Late Pliocene, Fiji) are described. Lots of the remaining 8 species are studied with the exception of G. captivus (E.A. Smith 1899). The remaining 5 fossil species are listed and compared. G. rufinodis (Von Martens 1901) is tentatively regarded as a distinct species and a lectotype is selected.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2006, Five new species of Fusinus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) from western Pacific and Arafura Sea, Novapex, 7, 4, 91-102
Résumé [+] [-]A number of Fusinus species from Indo-West Pacific deep water are studied. Five new species are added to this fauna: F. inglorius sp. nov. (Taiwan, off Tashi, 505-680 m), F. flavicomus sp. nov. (Taiwan, off Tashi, 145-200 m), F. wallacei sp. nov. (Indonesia, Tanimbar Islands, 365-368 m), F. alcyoneum sp. nov. (southern New Caledonia, 513 m) and F. thermariensis sp. nov. (Volcans Hunter and Matthews, 325-400 m). Four species are know by only specimen each and are recorded as separate species but not described as new.
Snyder, Martin Avery, Bouchet, Philippe, 2006, New species and new records of deep-water Fusolatirus (Neogastropoda: Fasciolariidae) from the West Pacific, Journal of Conchology, 39, 1, 1-12
Résumé [+] [-]The neogastropod fasciolariid genus Fusolatirus Kuroda & Habe, 1971, is redescribed based on shell and radula characters Fourteen species are tentatively placed in the genus, nine of them for the first time, all front moderately deep water (50-300 meters) in the tropical Indo-West Pacific. Additional species currently placed in Latirus or Peristernia may also be referable to Fusolatirus when the range of shell and radula characters are better understood. However, Eve do not regard as congeneric Fusolatirus kurodai (Okutani & Sakurai, 1964) nor Fusolatirus kuroseanus Okutani, 1975. Fusolatirus luteus n. sp. and Fusolatirus pachyus n. sp., both from the New Caledonia area, are described. Latirus cloveri Snyder, 2003 [June] is a new synonym of Euthria suduirauti Fraussen, 2003 [April], originally described as a buccinid and here referred to Fusolatirus. The ranges of Fusolatirus balicasagensis (Bozzetti, 1997), F kandai (Kuroda, 1950), and F. rikae (Fraussen, 2003), earlier known only from Japan and/or the Philippines, are extended to the South Pacific.
Cleva, Régis, Guinot, Daniele, Albenga, Laurent, 2007, Annotated catalogue of brachyuran type specimens (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) deposited in the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Part I. Podotremata, Zoosystema, 29, 2, 229-279
Résumé [+] [-]The greatest part of the types of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda) in the Crustacea collection of the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, is already catalogued on registers and is to be gradually published. This first annotated catalogue lists the nominal species belonging to the Podotremata (i.e. crabs with coxal male and female gonopores, and spermathecae): families Homolodromiidae, Dromiidae, Dynomenidae, Homoliclae, Poupiniidae, Cycloclorippidae, Cymonomidae, Phyllotymolinidae and Raninidae. The names of the taxa are presented in their original combination. The erroneous references to specimens as "types" have been noted and corrected in conformity with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. The types of a total of 104 species are listed herein, out of about 370 known species of podotreme crabs. Photographs of most of the type specimens are also provided. A bibliography and an index are included.
Seret, Bernard, Last, Peter R., 2007, Four new species of deep-water catsharks of the genus Parmaturus (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from New Caledonia, Indonesia and Australia, Zootaxa, 1657, 23–39
Résumé [+] [-]Four new species of rare scyliorhinid catsharks are provisionally assigned to the genus Parmaturus: P. lanatus sp. nov. from Indonesia, P. albimarginatus sp. nov. and P. albipenis sp. nov. from northern New Caledonia, and P. bigus sp. nov. from northeastern Australia. These species differ from each other by a combination of body morphology, denticle shape, dentition, colour and vertebral counts. An identification key to the Indo–Pacific Parmaturus species is provided. Comments on the diagnostic features separating the genera Halaelurus and Parmaturus are given.
Vilvens, Claude, 2007, New species and new records of Calliotropis (Gastropoda: Chilodontidae: Calliotropinae) from Indo-Pacific., Novapex, 8, H.S. 5, 1-72
Résumé [+] [-]New records of 25 Calliotropis species from the Indo-Pacific area are listed, extending the distribution area of some of them. 30 new species and 1 new subspecies are described and compared with similar Calliotropis species : C. conoeides n. sp.; C. helix n. sp.; C. cynee n. sp.; C. chalkeie n. sp.; C. ptykte n. sp.; C. solomonensis n. sp.; C. pistis n. sp.; C. echidnoides n. sp.; C. cycloeides n. sp.; C. pyramoeides n. sp.; C. coopertorium n. sp.; C. asphales n. sp.; C. nux n. sp.; C. oros n. sp.; C. oros marquisensis n. ssp.; C. zone n. sp.; C. hysterea n. sp.; C. stegos n. sp.; C. oregmene n. sp.; C. cooperculum n. sp.; C. keras n. sp.; C. denticulus n. sp.; C. dicrous n. sp.; C. rostrum n. sp.; C. pheidole n. sp.; C. siphaios n. sp.; C. nomisma n. sp.; C. nomismasimilis n. sp.; C. elephas n. sp.; C. ostrideslithos n. sp.; C. trieres n. sp.
Beu, Alan G., Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Recent deep-water Cassidae of the world. A revision of Galeodea, Oocorys, Sconsia, Echinophoria and relatedtaxa, with new genera and species (Mollusca, Gastropoda), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 269-387
Résumé [+] [-]Shell, radular, opercular and external anatomical characters are surveyed in world Recent deep-water Cassidae, leading to the recognition of three subfamilies: Cassinae, Oocorythinae and Phaliinae. All Recent species are revised of Galeodea Link, 1807 (=Galeoocorys Kuroda & Habe, 1957), Microsconsia n. gen. and Sconsia Gray, 1847, all included in subfamily Cassinae; of Oocorys Fischer, 1883 (= Benthodolium Verrill & Smith, 1884, = Hadroocorys Quinn, 1980), Eucorys n. gen. (including Oocorys bartschi Rehder, 1943 and O. barbouri Clench & Aguayo, 1939) and Dalium Dall, 1889, all included in subfamily Oocorythinae; and of Echinophoria Sacco, 1890, included in subfamily Phaliinae. New species named are Galeodea plauta n. sp. (northwestern New Zealand), Microsconsia limpusi n. sp. (southeastern Queensland, Australia), and Oocorys grandis n. sp. (central Indian Ocean, and southeastern Atlantic, off Namibia). Galeodea bituminata (Martin, 1933) (based on a Pliocene fossil from Buton Island, Indonesia) is an earlier name for G. echinophorella Habe, 1961; G. carolimartini Beets, 1943 is another earlier name for G. echinophorella. The name usually accepted for the type species of Sconsia, S. striata (Lamarck, 1816), is a junior secondary homonym of S. striata (J. Sowerby, 1812) and the valid name for this species is S. grayi (A. Adams, 1855). Echinophoria kurodai Abbott, 1968 was based on small specimens of E. wyvillei (Watson, 1886), and E. oschei Mühlhäusser, 1992 was based on Indian Ocean specimens of E. wyvillei. Echinophoria carnosa Kuroda & Habe, 1961 is limited to southern Japan to the Philippine Islands.
Lozouet, Pierre, Maestrati, Philippe, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, A quarter-century of deep-sea malacological exploration in the South and West Pacific: Where do we stand? How far to go?, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]The Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD, formerly ORSTOM) and Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) launched in the early 1980s a suite of oceanographic expeditions to sample the deep-water benthos of the tropical South and West Pacific, with emphasis on the 100-1,500 m bathymetric zone. This paper reviews the development of this programme to date. It describes the procedures involved in curating the material collected and the involvement of an international network of taxonomic experts to identify, describe and name the molluscan fauna. So far, 1,028 species of molluscs have been recorded from the New Caledonia Exclusive Economic Zone from depths below 100 m, and 601 of these (58.4%) were new species. An additional 142 new species have been described from other South Pacifi c island groups (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Tonga, Marquesas Islands and Austral Islands). However, the hyper-diverse families have essentially remained untouched. Regional differences among island groups are high, and New Caledonia, which has been sampled best, shows several discrete areas of micro-endemism. We speculate that the deep-sea mollusc fauna of New Caledonia may amount to 15-20,000 species, and the corresponding number for the whole South Pacifi c may be in the order of 20-30,000 species.
Oliverio, Marco, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacific, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 481-585
Résumé [+] [-]This is a regional revision of the Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacifi c, based on the material collected during recent expeditions to New Caledonia (including the Coral Sea, mainland New Caledonia, and the Loyalty Islands), Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji and Tonga. It is the fi rst revision of a tropical coralliophiline fauna based on large and extensive sampling, and it yielded a total of 97 coralliophiline species, 13 of them new: Coralliophila candidissima n. sp., C. bathus n. sp., C. norfolk n. sp., C. xenophila n. sp., C. cancellarioidea n. sp., Babelomurex natalabies n. sp., B. pallox n. sp., B. depressispiratus n. sp., B. macrocephalus n. sp., Hirtomurex marshalli n. sp., Mipus tonganus n. sp., M. alis n. sp., and M. boucheti n. sp. A lectotype is selected for Purpura monodonta Blainville, 1832. In addition, this survey resulted in new biogeographical records for 37 species from the southwest Pacifi c fauna. Regional endemicity may be as high as 17.5% (17 out of 97 species). The protoconchs of 47 species are fi gured by SEM. At least 68 species have planktotrophic development, while 10 species are probably lecithotrophic, either with a short pelagic phase or with a totally intracapsular develoment.
Alf, Axel, Maestrati, Philippe, Bouchet, Philippe, 2010, New species of Bolma (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Turbinidae) from the tropical deep sea., The Nautilus, 124, 2, 93-99
Résumé [+] [-]Five new species of Bolma are described, three from New Caledonia, one from Mozambique and one from French Polynesia, all from deep reef (75-155 m) to bathyal (230-580 m) depths. Four of the new species have been sequenced, and their holotypes are also voucher specimens for COl sequences, thus contributing to a new generation of name-bealing types. The descriptions and names are provided in advance of a forthcoming shell-based revision of the genus Bolma, and in advance of a detailed molecular- and morphology-based study of Bolma in New Caledonian waters.
Borsa, Philippe, Akimoto, Seiji, Pasco, Aude, Tehei, Manina, Watabe, Shugo, 2011, Identification des deux espèces jumelles Beryx mollis Abe 1959 et B. splendens Lowe 1834, à l'aide de caractères morphologiques et méristiques simples, Rapport d'opération ZoNéCo, 31
Résumé [+] [-]Two sibling species, Beryx mollis and B. splendens, are potentially the main fish species of commercial interest for a bottom-line fishery in the deep waters of New Caledonia’s EEZ. Two datasets, morphological and meristic (one from Japan, the other one from New Caledonia) were obtained from specimen samples of the two species, which were species-identified by either the number of pyloric caeca (which allows total discrimination of the two species), or DNA markers, or a posteriori by the outcome of principal component analysis (PCA). Four morphological variables were measured (body height, head length, snout length, orbit diameter) and transformed to take standard length into account. None of these morphological variables, either single or combined to another, allowed sufficient discrimination between the two species. PCA on the four morphological variables led to a slightly better result, but still insufficient. Six meristic variables were utilized (numbers of soft rays in the dorsal, pectoral, pelvic, and anal fins, number of branchiospines on the lower half of the first branchial arch, number of scales on the lateral line). All these variables except the number of scales on the lateral line, proved useful to statistically distinguish the two species. However, none was diagnostic when taken separately from the other variables and the combination of two variables was only slightly better for this purpose. Canonical discriminant analysis helped determine which meristic characters could be used in priority to identify individuals: these were the numbers of soft rays on the dorsal, pectoral, and pelvic fins, and the number of branchiospines. In practice, if the fish is disembowelled or filetted, it takes only counting the number of pyloric caec for identification to species. If the fish is preserved whole before being marketed, then we recommend to count the numbers of soft rays on the dorsal, pectoral, and pelvic fins for a reasonably reliable identification.
Yang, Chien-Hui, Chen, I-Shiung, Chan, Tin‐Yam, 2011, A new slipper lobster of the genus Galearctus Holthuis, 2002 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae) from New Caledonia, Zoosystema, 33, 2, 207-217
doi: 10.5252/z2011n2a4 Résumé [+] [-]Material previously identified as Galearctus kitanoviriosus (Harada, 1962) from New Caledonia has been found to consist of two distinct species. These species differ in the shape of the gastric tooth, third pereiopod propodus, antennal segment IV and thoracic sternum. The shallow water form is the true G. kitanoviriosus, while the deep-water form is new to science. Genetic comparison of the sequence of the barcoding gene, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit (COI), also supports the separation.
Lemaitre, Rafael, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin-Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea, Parapaguridae): A worldwide review and summary, with descriptions of five new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 311-421
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the deep-water hermit crab species of the genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 from the world oceans is presented. The core specimen base for this study has come primarily from the abundant collections of species of this genus obtained during French campaigns over the last four decades, and complemented with numerous specimens from many other deep-sea expeditions and deposited in various museum holdings around the world. Paragiopagurus is one of the most speciose genus among the Parapaguridae Smith, 1882, although it is considered a phylogenetically heterogeneous assemblage and does not appear to have an apomorphy of its own. Bathymetrically, the species range in depth from 36 to 2034 m, although they occur most frequently between 200 and 1000 m. The species utilize as housing, gastropod shells (or rarely scaphopod shells, siliceous sponges, or hollow pieces of wood) that may or may not be colonized by actinians or zoanthids. In this review, 24 species are recognized, of which five are new, P. laperousei n. sp., P. orthotenes n. sp., P. oxychelos n. sp., P. trilineatus n. sp., and P. umbonatus n. sp. The new species are fully described and illustrated. All previously known species of the genus are diagnosed or redescribed, and previously published illustrations of important taxonomic characters assembled and complemented, when useful, with new illustrations. The treatment of each species includes a full synonymy, materials examined (type and non-types), colouration, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Colour photographs are included for 14 of the species. Parapagurus curvispina de Saint Laurent, 1974, a species tentatively moved after its description to Sympagurus Smith, 1883 and then to Paragiopagurus, is herein transferred with certainty to Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996. Parapagurus spinimanus Balss, 1911, a species that had been incorrectly placed in Paragiopagurus, is herein moved to Sympagurus. Parapagurus sculptochela Zarenkov, 1990, a taxon previously considered a junior synonym of Paragiopagurus boletifer (de Saint Laurent, 1972), is herein resurrected as a valid species of Paragiopagurus. The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Paragiopagurus species are summarized and briefly discussed, including a summary table, graph, and map with generalized distribution patterns.
- Tenorio, Manuel J., 2015, A new Profundiconus from northern New Caledonia: Profundiconus zardoyai sp. nov. (Gastropoda, Conilithidae), Xenophora Taxonomy, 6, 38-46
Liste des documents
- Google Earth
- Stations HALICAL 1, Google Earth
- Rapport(s) de mission
- Rapport de campagne
Liste des photos
Liste des participants
Par étape :
- leg 1 (Mon Nov 21 00:00:00 CET 1994 - Thu Dec 01 00:00:00 CET 1994) Navire : Alis
- Bargibant, Georges (Plongée - Photographie, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Collecte - Tri
- Grandperrin, René (Halieute, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Chef de mission
- leg 2 (Mon Dec 12 00:00:00 CET 1994 - Fri Dec 23 00:00:00 CET 1994) Navire : Alis
- Grandperrin, René (Halieute, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Chef de mission
- Menou, Jean-Louis (Systématique des échinodermes, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Collecte - Tri