SAFARI II (MD28)
Date et lieu de départFri Jul 24 00:00:00 CEST 1981
Date et lieu d'arrivéeTue Sep 01 00:00:00 CEST 1981
Navire : Marion Dufresne
Travaux effectués :
- Leclaire, Lucien, Monniot, Claude, 1981, SAFARI II, 22
Monniot, Claude, Monniot, Françoise, 1984, Nouvelles Sorberacea (Tunicata) profondes de l'Atlantique sud et de l'Océan Indien, Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 25, 2, 197-215
Résumé [+] [-]Au cours de quatre campagnes océanographiques profondes, sept espèces de Sorberacea ont été récoltées. Trois espèces nouvelles sont décrites. Les Tuniciers carnivores ne sont plus une curiosité zoologique rare mais une classe représentée dans toutes les zones profondes des océans. L'augmentation du nombre de prélèvements a accru le nombre des espèces. La variabilité générique et spécifique révèle l'importance de cette direction évolutive des Tuniciers.
Bouchet, Philippe, Warén, Anders, Forest, Jacques, 1985, Mollusca Gastropoda : Taxonomical notes on tropical deep water Buccinidae white descriptions of new taxa, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM I et II. Philippines (1976,1980), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 2, 133, 457-514
Résumé [+] [-]This paper presents the results from examination and determination of tropical species of Buccinidae from deep water, collected by several expeditions, mainly in the Indo-Pacific area. The material comprises 14 genera and the following new taxa are described : Calliloconcha knudseni (Kermadec Trench, 5480 m), Costaha crosnieri ( S W Indian Ocean, 1740 - 3760 m), Eosipho coriolis (Philippines, 880 m), Eosipho engonia ( SW Indian Ocean, 600 - 1 125 m), Eosipho thorybopus (Mozambique Channel, 400 - 500 m), Kapala bathybius (SE Atlantic, 3550 m), Manaria clandestina (SE Asia, 440-1 490 m), Manaria makassarensis ( S E Asia, 490 - 875 m), Manaria formosa (Mozambique Channel, 400 - 500 m). For the preparation of this paper we have examined material and/or types of almost all previously described deep sea species of tropical buccinids and these are figured and commented on. An appendix lists all Neogene and Recent supraspecific names of Buccinidae proposed after the publication of WENZ' " Handbuch der Palaozoologie " ( 1941 - 43 ).
Crosnier, Alain, 1985, Crevettes pénéides d'eau profonde récoltées dans l'océan Indien lors des campagnes BENTHEDI, SAFARI I et II, MD 32/RÉUNION, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 7, 4, 839-877
Résumé [+] [-]Four deep-sea fishing expeditions conducted in the Indian ocean allowed to catch 31 species of penaeid shrimps. None of them is new but several of them were known only in geographic areas remote from the Indian ocean and they were often represented by a very small number of specimens which somethimes belonged only to one sex. Therefore, additional descriptions are given and they are based on a rather abundant illustration. Moreover, a few synonymies could be established by reexamination of various types.
Grygier, Mark J., 1985, New ascothoracid crustacean endoparasites of Scleractinia, Journal of Natural History, 19, 5, 1029-1043
doi: 10.1080/00222938500770621 Résumé [+] [-]The ascothoracid crustacean genus Petrarca, endoparasites of scleractinian corals, is reviewed and revised. Petrarca bathyactidis, the type-species, is partly redescribed. The range of P. okadai is extended to East Africa. Three new species of Petrarca are described: P. indica in Flabellum deludens from the Indian Ocean near Ceylon; P. morula from Turbinaria sp. in the Banda Sea; P. azorica in Enallopsammia rostrata from the North Atlantic. Zibrowia auriculata gen. et sp. nov. infests Balanophyllia carinata off East Africa, and the same species appears to live in Tubastraea micranthus off East Africa and Dendrophyllia sp. at R6union and in the Comoros. Unlike other ascothoracids, eggs and larvae are not brooded within the carapace valves, though they may be attached to them externally. Nauplii of P. okadai and Z. auriculata are described; they are generalized with familially distinct features. Adults of both genera have an overall neotenic appearance. They always occur in galls in groups of two or more, suggesting simultaneous infestation. Ahermatypic corals or their close hermatypic relatives seem to be preferred hosts, and Petrarca has a wider geographic and depth range than confamilial genera.
- Monniot, Claude, Monniot, Françoise, 1985, Tuniciers profonds de l'océan Indien : campagnes SAFARI du « Marion Dufresne », Bulletin de Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Series 4, Section A, 7, 2, 279-308
Zibrowius, Helmut, Grygier M. J., 1985, DIVERSITY AND RANGE OF SCLERACTINIAN CORAL HOSTS OF ASCOTHORACIDA (CRUSTACEA: MAXILLOPODA), Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, 61, 2, 115-138
Résumé [+] [-]A large, geographically diverse selection of scleractinian corals, mostly ahermatypes, has been surveyed for galls caused by endoparasites of the ascothoracid family Petrarcidae, which till now have only been known from very few examples. Approximately 30 species of coral in 3 suborders, comprising about 70 distinct populations worldwide (concentrated in the Indo-West Pacific) , from the surface to 5 870 m, bear such galls. Most galls occur within calices (internal galls), but some colonial corals bear galls on their surface independent of calices (external galls); both kinds have a spongy texture that often involves substantial alterations of the host skeleton. Photographs of many infested corals are included. The apparent process of development of both types of gall is described. Parasites themselves were found in about one third of the infested populations and were referable to at least 8 species in 3 genera of Petrarcidae; most of these have been described elsewhere, but a few new records are given here. Preliminary remarks on host-parasite specificity are given.
Crosnier, Alain, 1987, Oplophoridae (Crustacea Decapoda) récoltés de 1971 à 1982 par les navires français dans l’océan Indien occidental sud, Bulletin de Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Series 4, Section A (Zoology), 9, 3, 695–726
Résumé [+] [-]Collecting from 1971 to 1982 in the South Western Indian Ocean resulted in the collection of 3 I species of Oplophorid Shrimps. Four of them, Acanthephyra frontieri, Heterogenys monnioti, Systellaspis curvispina and S. guillei, are new to Science and six others had never been reported from the Western Indian Ocean. Moreover the synonymy of Acanthephyra gracilipes Chace, 1940, with A. tenuipes Bate, 1888, is proposed and Notostomus rnurrayi Bate, 1888, which had never been reported since its description from a single specimen from the South Atlantic is discussed and illustrated. Finally, the variations of Systellaspis debilis (A. Milne Edwards, 1881) and S. pellucida (Filhol, 1885) are examined partly.
- Crosnier A., 1988, Contribution à l'étude des genres Haliporus Bate, 1881 et Gordonella Tirmizi, 1960 (Crustacea Decapoda Penaeoidea) Description de deux espèces nouvelles, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 10, 3, 563-601
Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, 1990, Crustacea Decapoda: On a collection of Nephropidae from the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 6, 145, 289-328
Résumé [+] [-]Nephropidae collected by expeditions to several localities in the Indian and West Pacific coeans have been examined. One species of Acathacaris, five species of Metanephrops and eight species of Pephropsis have been identified. In addiation, a new species of Metanephrops (M. mozambicus) and two new species of Nephropsis (N. acanthura and N. sulcata) are described. A revision of the genus Nephropsis in the Indian and Pacific oceans is also provided.
Scarabino V., 1995, Scaphopoda of the tropical Pacific and indian Oceans, with description of 3 new genera and 42 new species, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 189-380
Résumé [+] [-]New data on the scaphopod fauna of the Indo-West Pacific are presented, based on new material from recent oceanographic expeditions, mostly in the SW Indian Ocean, SE Asia and the New Caledonia region. Over 780 stations yielded a total of 139 species. Of 81 species of Dentaliida and 58 Gadilida, 42 species (16 Dentaliida and 26 Gadilida), as well as 3 gadilid genera, are described as new. Many range extensions are documented, and new synonymies are established. With 73 recorded species, New Caledonia is currently the geographic area with the highest documented scaphopod diversity. Their bathymetric distribution shows a peak in species numbers in deep water around 800 m, with a second, minor peak for Gadilida at around 2,000 m. Including genera not represented in the Indo-Pacific, 44 Recent scaphopod genera are recognized. The radula of 42 of these is described, and an update of the general classification of the class Scaphopoda is proposed.
Burukovsky, Rudolf N., 2000, Taxonomy of Nematocarcinus (Decapoda, Nematocarcinidae). 1. Description of disto-ventral organ and revision of N. productus, N. tenuipes, N. intermedius, N. parvidentatus, N. longirostris, and N. proximatus, Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 79, 2, 161-170
Résumé [+] [-]An unknown hitherto disto-ventral organ of the sixth abdominal segment in shrimps is described. This organ is a complex of twin sections of modified integument and related rows of setas. It is of great taxonomic importance. The presence of this organ allows one to ascertain that typical series of some species from this genus is a mixture of various species. The revision of six species, determined by Bate (1888), resulted in reduction of N. intermedius and N. parvidentatus to the synonyms, N. productus Bate, 1888 and N. tenuipes Bate, 1888, respectively. Diagnoses of N. productus, N. tenuipes, and N. proximatus are making more exact. N. serratirostris Burukovsky, 1991 is considered as a synonym of N. tenuipes.
Galil, Bella S., Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: Review of the genera and species of the family Polychelidae Wood-Mason, 1874, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 285-387
Résumé [+] [-]The polychelids are large, uncommon, primitive decapods that inhabit the depths of the world oceans down to 5000 m, between latitudes 50°N and 55°S. A study of major deep-sea collecdons led to a revision of the family. All genera and species are redescribed and extended synonymies given. Two new genera are established: Cardus, for Polycheles crucifer (Thomson, 1873) and Homeryon, for Polycheles asper Rathbun, 1906 and a new species, H. armarium. The genus Pentacheles Bate, 1878, is revived to include polychelids in which the epipod on third maxilliped is longer than the ischium: P. gibbus Alcock, 1894, P. laevis Bate, 1878, P. obscurus Bate, 1878, P. synderi (Rathbun, 1906) and P. validus A. Milne Edwards, 1880. Stereomastis Bate, 1888 is considered a synonym of Polycheles Heller, 1862. Willemoesia Grote, 1873 is retained with but four species: W. forceps A. Milne Edwards, 1880, W. inornata Faxon, 1893, W. leptodactyla (Willemoes-Suhm, 1875), and W. pacifica Sund, 1920. In all, thirty-two species are recognized, including six new species. The bathymétrie and geographic ranges are amended and discussed. A key to the genera and species of the family is provided.
Komai, Tomoyuki, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, A review of the Indo-West Pacific species of the genus Glyphocrangon A. Milne-Edwards, 1881 (excluding the G. caeca species group) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Glyphocrangonidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 375-610
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the species of the caridean genus Glyphocrangon A. Milne-Edwards, 1881 from the Indo-West Pacific Oceans is presented based on rich collections formed during French expeditions to various regions, and supplemented by extensive material deposited in various institutions throughout the world. The genus is divided into two informal groups primarily based on the development of the eye and the presence or absence of arthrobranchs on the first and second pereopods. This study treats species characterized by a well-developed eye and the presence of arthrobranchs on the first and second pereopods (herein called the Glyphocrangon spinicauda species group). A total of 54 species are recognized in the G. spinicauda species group from the Indo-West Pacific region. Of these, the following 28 are new to science: G. albatrossae (Philippines), G. amblytes (Madagascar and South Africa), G. armata (New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna islands), G. boletifera (Gulf of Aden), G. chacei (Philippines), G. confusa (Indonesia), G. cornuta (New Caledonia), G. crosnieri (Madagascar), G. conodactylus (New Caledonia), G. dimorpha (New Caledonia), G. ferox (Madagascar), G. formosana (Taiwan and East China Sea), G. indonesiensis (Philippines and Indonesia), G. kapala (eastern Australia), G. saintlaurentae (western Indian Ocean), G. major (New Caledonia), G. lineata (Indonesia and northwestern Australia), G. parva (Philippines), G. perplexa (Japan and Taiwan), G. proxima (Philippines and Indonesia), G. punctata (Philippines), G. richeri (Wallis and Futuna islands), G. robusta (Philippines), G. rubricinctuta (Wallis and Futuna islands), G. runcinata (East China Sea), G. similior (Coral Sea), G. speciosa (New Caledonia), and G. tasmanica (Tasman Sea). Glyphocrangon andamanensis Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 and G. mabahissae Calman, 1939, which have been considered to be synonymous with G. investigatoris Wood-Mason in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 and G. dentata Barnard, 1926 respectively, are found to be distinct species. Glyphocrangon juxtaculeata Chace, 1984, the holotype of which is a juvenile, is considered to be a junior subjective synonym of G. regalis Bate, 1888. Glyphocrangon joani Allen & Butler, 1994 is treated as a junior synonym of G. fimbriata Komai & Takeuchi, 1994. Plastocrangon Alcock, 1901 is interpreted as a synonym of Glyphocrangon. The new species are fully described and illustrated, and all but three of the previously known species are redescribed and illustrated: G. gilesii and G. smithii being diagnosed on the basis of published information, G. unguiculata Wood-Mason in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 on published information and provisionally identified material from the western Pacific. One obscurely diagnosed species, G. wagini Burukovsky, 1990 from the southeastern Pacific, is also redescribed in order to establish its affinities. Lectotypes are designated for G. acuminata Bate, 1888, G. pugnax de Man, 1918, G. assimilis de Man, 1918, G. sibogae de Man, 1918, and G. megalophthalma de Man, 1918. Identification key, separated by sex, is provided. This study reveals that most Glyphocrangon species have restricted geographical ranges, with only G. caecescens occurring in both the western Pacific and Indian oceans. The geographic and bathymetric distributions of the treated species are summarized.
- Peter Castro, 2005, Crabs of the subfamily Ethusinae Guinot, 1977 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Dorippidae) of the Indo-West Pacific region, Zoosystema, 27, 3, 499-600
Beu, Alan G., Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Recent deep-water Cassidae of the world. A revision of Galeodea, Oocorys, Sconsia, Echinophoria and relatedtaxa, with new genera and species (Mollusca, Gastropoda), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 269-387
Résumé [+] [-]Shell, radular, opercular and external anatomical characters are surveyed in world Recent deep-water Cassidae, leading to the recognition of three subfamilies: Cassinae, Oocorythinae and Phaliinae. All Recent species are revised of Galeodea Link, 1807 (=Galeoocorys Kuroda & Habe, 1957), Microsconsia n. gen. and Sconsia Gray, 1847, all included in subfamily Cassinae; of Oocorys Fischer, 1883 (= Benthodolium Verrill & Smith, 1884, = Hadroocorys Quinn, 1980), Eucorys n. gen. (including Oocorys bartschi Rehder, 1943 and O. barbouri Clench & Aguayo, 1939) and Dalium Dall, 1889, all included in subfamily Oocorythinae; and of Echinophoria Sacco, 1890, included in subfamily Phaliinae. New species named are Galeodea plauta n. sp. (northwestern New Zealand), Microsconsia limpusi n. sp. (southeastern Queensland, Australia), and Oocorys grandis n. sp. (central Indian Ocean, and southeastern Atlantic, off Namibia). Galeodea bituminata (Martin, 1933) (based on a Pliocene fossil from Buton Island, Indonesia) is an earlier name for G. echinophorella Habe, 1961; G. carolimartini Beets, 1943 is another earlier name for G. echinophorella. The name usually accepted for the type species of Sconsia, S. striata (Lamarck, 1816), is a junior secondary homonym of S. striata (J. Sowerby, 1812) and the valid name for this species is S. grayi (A. Adams, 1855). Echinophoria kurodai Abbott, 1968 was based on small specimens of E. wyvillei (Watson, 1886), and E. oschei Mühlhäusser, 1992 was based on Indian Ocean specimens of E. wyvillei. Echinophoria carnosa Kuroda & Habe, 1961 is limited to southern Japan to the Philippine Islands.
Komai, Tomoyuki, 2008, A world-wide review of species of the deep-water crangonid genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea), with descriptions of ten new species, Zoosystema, 30, 2, 261-332
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Decapoda, Caridea, Crangonidae) from the world oceans is presented. This Study is based on the large collection obtained during French expeditions in the eastern Atlantic, western Indian, and tropical western and southern Pacific oceans, and on additional material from various museums and institutions in the world. Eighteen species, including ten new species, are divided in two informal species groups, P. gracilis (Smith, 1882) group and P modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906) group. The first group contains I I species: P. gracilis (type species of the genus), P abyssi (Smith, 1884), P. junceus (Bate, 1888), P. profundus (Bate, 1888), P occidentalis (Faxon, 1893), P talismani (Crosnier & Forest, 1973), P cornutus n. sp., P cyrton n. sp., P difficilis n. sp., P. geminus n. sp. and P. longirostris n. sp. The second group contains seven species: P. modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906), P. demani (Chace, 1984), P caledonicus n. sp., P. juxta n. sp., P. psyllus n. sp., P. sibogae n. sp. and P. stenorhinus in. sp. Six taxa originally described as full species by their authors and occasionally treated as subspecies, viz. P. gracilis, P abyssi, P. junceus, P. profundus, P occidentalis, and P talismani, are here maintained as full species because of the existence of morphological differences and of the partial overlap of geographical or bathymetrical ranges. All species are diagnosed or rediagnosed, and illustrated. Synonymies of Pontophilus challengeri Ortmann, 1893 with Parapontophilus abyssi and of Pontophilus occidentalis var. indica de Man, 1918 with Parapontophilus junceus were con firmed. A key to aid in the identification of all Parapontophilus species is given, although it should be used with caution because of intraspecific variations exhibited by many of the species. Bathymetrical and geographical distributions of species are also summarized. All but P. sibogae n. sp. are exclusively found at more than 200 in depth, and particularly three species, P. abyssi, P occidentalis, and P talismani, occur at abyssal depths exceeding 3000 m. Parapontophilus sibogae inhabits shallow water, recorded at depth of I I m in the type locality. Two species, P gracilis and P talismani, appear restricted to the Atlantic Ocean, although widely distributed there. Three species, P abyssi, P longirostris n. sp., and P. juxta n. sp. occur in the Indian Ocean; P abyssi is also widely distributed in the Atlantic and P longirostris extends to the central Pacific. Parapontophilus occidentalis appears restricted to the eastern Pacific. Other species are distributed in the range of the western Pacific to French Polynesia.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, Rivasseau, Audrey, Bouchet, Philippe, 2012, Neither a buccinid nor a turrid: a new family of deep-sea snails for Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883 (Mollusca, Neogastropoda) with a review of recent Indo-Pacific species, Zootaxa, 3496, 1-64
Résumé [+] [-]The new family Belomitridae is established for the deep-water buccinoid genus Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883, based on morphological (shell and radulae) and molecular evidence. The rachiglossate radula is uniquely characterized by a multicuspid rachidian and lateral teeth with very long narrow bases and two small cusps closer to tip. Molecular analysis of a reduced set of Buccinoidea did not resolve the group as a clade, but shows that Belomitridae forms a well supported clade within Buccinoidea. Species of Belomitra have adult sizes in the 7-53 mm range; they live in deep water, mostly in the 500-2,000 meters range, at low and mid latitudes. Eleven valid species described from the Indo-Pacific were originally named in the families Buccinidae, Columbellidae, Cancellariidae, Volutidae, and Turridae. Fourteen new species are described: Belomitra nesiotica n. sp. (Society Islands to Tonga and Fiji in 580-830 m), B. bouteti n. sp. (Society and Tuamotu Islands in 430-830 m), B. subula n. sp. (Solomon Islands to Vanuatu in 760-1110 m), B. caudata n. sp. (Sulu Sea in 2300 m), B. gymnobela n. sp. (South Pacific, eastern Indonesia and Philippines in 780-2040 m), B. hypsomitra n. sp. (Fiji in 392-407 m), B. brachymitra n. sp. (Fiji in 395-540 m), B. comitas n. sp. (Madagascar and Philippines in 1075-1110 m), B. minutula (Coral Sea in 490 m), B. granulata n. sp. (New Caledonia in 105-860 m), B. reticulata n. sp. (Tonga and Fiji to New Caledonia in 395-656 m), B. decapitata n. sp. (Indian Ocean and New Caledonia in 3680-4400 m), B. admete n. sp. (off Sri Lanka in 2540 m), and B. radula n. sp. (Madagascar in 367-488 m).