Chef de mission
Date et lieu de départMon Aug 01 00:00:00 CEST 1994 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Date et lieu d'arrivéeFri Aug 12 00:00:00 CEST 1994 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Navire : Alis
Travaux effectués :
- Guinot, Danièle, Crosnier, Alain, 1995, Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura : Révision des Homolodromiidae Alcock, 1900, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 13, 163, 155-282
- Baba, Keiji, de Saint Laurent, Michèle, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Decapoda: Revision of the genus Bathymunida Balss, 1914, and description of the six new related genera (Galatheidae), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 433-502
- Houart R., 1996, Description of new species of Muricidae (Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, the Philippines Islands, the Northeast Atlantic, and West Africa, Apex, 11, 2, 59-75
- Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Decapoda : New records of species of the genera Munida Leach, 1820 and Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Galatheidae) from the New Caledonia, with the descriptions of three new species, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 423-431
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Chevillon, Christophe, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Les campagnes d'échantillonnage du benthos bathyal en Nouvelle-Calédonie, en 1993 et 1994 (Bathus 1 à 4, SMIB 8 et HALIPRO 1), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 33-53
Résumé [+] [-]Sampling cruises of bathyal benthos in New Caledonia for the years 1993-94 (BATHUS 1-4, SMIB 8, HALIPRO 1). In 1992 and 1993, several oceanographic cruises (BATHUS 1-4) were carried out with the aim of improving the inventory of the benthic fauna of the outer slopes around New Caledonia. On the basis of these results, another cruise (HALIPRO 1) was devoted to the sampling of fishes on slopes suitable for trawling, down to depths of 1100 m. In addition, the SMIB (Substances Marines d'Intérêt Biologique) research program was continued, with a new cruise - SMIB 8 - collecting deepwater invertebrates for experimentation. All of these cruises took place on board the R.V. "Alis" of the Nouméa Research Station (ORSTOM). The present paper gives an account of the fauna collected, the geomorphological characteristics of the zones explored, and an indication of particular studies on the material collected. The latter include population genetics (particularly of Brachiopoda and decapod Crustacea) and crustacean phylogeny. An appendix is provided, giving a list of stations sampled by the various cruises and their general characteristics.
Buckeridge, John S., Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Cirripedia Thoracica: New ranges and species of Verrucomorpha from the indian and Southwest Pacific Oceans, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 18, 176, 125-149
Résumé [+] [-]Verrucomorpha from deep sea collections made by several French cruises to New Caledonia, Loyalty Ridge, Vanuatu, Wallis Island and Futuna Islands, Comoro Islands, and by the French-Indonesian cruise KARUBAR in Indonesian waters, over the period 1985-1994, are investigated. Fourteen species of verrucid are described, including four new species. Verruca jago, Altiverruca jonesae, Brochiverruca crosnieri and Metaverruca maclaughlinae', the bathymetric and geographic ranges of verrucid taxa are extended, and it is confirmed that this is one of the most diverse verrucomorph faunas known. The stams of both Verruca and Metaverruca is considered, and a revised key to genera of the Verrucidae is given.
Cleva, Régis, Crosnier, Alain, Bouchet, Philippe, 1997, Crustacea Decapoda : Stylodactylidae récoltés en Indonésie, aux îles Wallis et Futuna et au Vanuatu (campagne KARUBAR, MUSORSTOM 7 et 8). Données complémentaires sur les Stylodactylidae de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 16, 172, 385-407
Résumé [+] [-]During the French-Indonesian expedition KARUBAR off Kai and Tanimbar Islands (Moluccas) in 1991, eight species of Stylodactylidae were collected. One of these species, Parastylodactylus moluccensis was new. Two other species, Parastylodactylus richeri Cleva, 1990, and Neostylodactylus affinis Hayashi & Miyake, 1968, are recorded from the region for the first time and the remaining five species, Stylodactylus tokarensis Zarenkov, 1968, S. multidentatus Kubo, 1942, S. libratus Chace, 1983, Parastylodactylus bimaxillaris (Bate, 1888), and Stylodactylus licinus Chace, 1983, are already known from the Indonesian area, the last one having been recorded recently by TAKEDA and HANAMURA (1994). On the other hand, some specimens, at first identified doubtfully as Stylodactylus libratus, and related to Stylodactylus pubescens Burukovsky, 1990, have been causing trouble to us, and we have not find till now a satisfying solution: they are mentionned here as Stylodactylus sp. Stylodactylus brevidactylus Cleva, 1990, considering the variability observed through 49 specimens of S. multidentatus Kubo collected during this cruise, is synonymised with this species. We added to the indonesian material, for each different species, the specimens collected recently from Wallis and Futuna, the Vanuatu and New-Caledonia. The species from these three countries which have not been collected during the KARUBAR expedition are mentionned at the end of this study.
Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Une nouvelle espèce de Mursia de Nouvelle-Calédonie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Calappidae), Zoosystema, 19, 1, 151-158
Résumé [+] [-]A new species, Mursia longispina, previously confused with Mursia armata de Haan, 1837 and which is distinguished by the longest lateral spines of the carapace known in the genus Mursia, is described after specimens caught in New Caledonia.
Kantor, Yuri I., Bouchet, Philippe, 1997, The anatomy and systematics of Ceratoxancus, a genus of deep-water Ptychatractinae (Gastropoda: Turbinellidae) with labral spine, The Veliger, 40, 2, 101-120
Résumé [+] [-]The anatomy of Ceratoxancus is characterized by a short or very short proboscis, the presence of an accessory sali vary gland, the ventral odontophoral retractor passing through the nerve ring, and the position of the buccal mass at the proboscis base in contracted condition. These characters are shared by other representatives of the subfamily and confirm the classification of Ceratoxancus in the Ptychatractinae, until now based on shell and radula characters. Ceratoxancus Kuroda, 1952, comprises six species of which four are described as new from the New Caledonia region in deep water (530-830 m). Ceratoxancus elongatus Sakurai, 1958, is removed from the synonymy of C. teramachii Kuroda, 1952, and both species are recorded from the south west Pacific. Species of Ceratoxancus with a long labral spine present numerous shell breakages, while toothless species have mu ch fewer scars, and it is hypothesized that the tooth and outer lip are used in prey capture with accompanying shell breakage.
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Forest, Jacques, Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Crustacea Depapoda: Diacanthurus gen. nov., a new genus of hermit crabs (Paguridae) with both Recent and fossil representation, and the description of two new species, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 18, 176, 235-259
Résumé [+] [-]The new genus, Diacanthurus, is proposed for a group of three Recent and one fossil species formeriy assigned to the heterogeneous genus Pagurus Fabricius. In addition to the transfer of Pagurus clifdenensis Hyden & Forest (fossil), P. spinulimanus (Miers), P. rubricatus (Henderson), and P. ophthalmicus (Ortmann), two new species, Diacanthurus ecphyma sp. nov. from New Caledonia and Western Australia, and D. richeri sp. nov. from New Caledonia are assigned to this new genus. Expanded diagnoses or descriptions and illustrations of all Recent species are provided.
- Stock, Jan H., Crosnier, Alain, 1997, Pycnogonida collected in recent years around New Caledonia and Vanuatu, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 18, 176, 389-409
- Séret, Bernard, Grandperrin, René, Rivaton, Jacques, 1997, Poissons de profondeur et ressources halieutiques de la zone économique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, Cybium, 21, 1 suppl., 99-106
Beu, Alan G., 1998, Indo-West Pacific Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). A monograph of the New Caledonian fauna and revisions of related taxa - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Edition du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 19, 178
Résumé [+] [-]The Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae from the New Caledonia region (including the Loyalty Islands, the Coral Sea and the New Hebrides Arc) are monographed based on the results of an extensive collecting effort totalling more than 1000 stations. Seventy-three species are recorded, with numerous range extensions. One of the more remarkable aspects of this fauna is the uniquely diverse deep-water tonnoidean assemblage, dominated by species such as Bursa fijiensis, B. latitudo, B. quirihorai, species of Distorsio, Sassia remensa, and less common small personids in the genera Distorsionella and Personopsis. The number of species of New Caledonian Personidae is the highest yet recorded. The Personopsis species are the first modem ones correctly referred to the genus. Revisions are provided of Biplex, Gyrineum, Cyinatium (Gelagna), the Cymatium vespaceum, C. tenuiliratum and Bursa latitudo species groups, of southwest Pacific species of Sassia, and of several Cymatium (Ranularia) and Distorsio species. New genera proposed are Halgyrineum (Ranellidae) and Distorsomina (Personidae). Seven new species are proposed: Biplex bozzettii (from Somalia and southem India), Gyrineum longicaudatum (from the tropical westem Pacific), Cymatium pemiiketi (from Oman), Distorsio parvimpedita, Distorsionella pseudaphera, Personopsis purpurata and P. trigonaperta (all from New Caledonia). The nomenclature of numerous taxa is stabilized by the designation of neotypes and lectotypes for nominal species named by A. Adams & Reeve, Broderip, Deshayes, Dillwyn, Dunker, Fulton, Gmelin, Gould, Gray, Iredale, Jousseaume, Kuenen. Küster, Lamarck, Linné, Martin. Mighels, d'Orbigny, Perry, Reeve, Röding, Salis Marschlins, Schepman, Schumacher, G B. Sowerby II, and Wood.
Bouchet, Philippe, Vermeij, Geerat J., 1998, Two new deep-water Pseudolividae (Neogastropoda) from the South-West Pacific, The Nautilus, 111, 2, 47-52
Résumé [+] [-]The new genus Fusulculus, conchologically most similar to Benthobia Dall, 1889 and Zemira H. & A. Adams, 1853, is erected for axially sculptured species of Pseudolividae with shouldered whorls and obsolete labral tooth; the columellar and parietal callus is of very limited extent, and a parietal rib at the adapical end of the inner lip is absent. Two new species, Fusulculus crenatus (type of genus) and F albus are described from bathyal (400-800 m) hard bottoms at tropical and subtropical latitudes in the southwest Pacific. No post-Paleocene species of Pseudolividae are known from the tropical IndoPacific; the habitat of Fusulculus is bathymetrically transitional between those of Benthobia, from abyssal depths, and the various genera from subtidal waters in southern Australia, South Africa and Angola.
Poore, Gary C. B., 1998, Deep-water Arcturidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Valvifera) from French collections in the south western Pacific Ocean, Zoosystema, 20, 2, 379-399
Résumé [+] [-]The arcturid genera Chaearcturus Brandt, 1990 and Dolichiscus Richardson, 1913 are rediagnosed and six deep-water species recorded or described: C. abyssicola (Beddard, 1886) from nort-eastern Australia; C. crosnieri n. sp. From the Coral Sea and New Caledonia; and D. kai n. sp. and D. tanimbar n. sp. from Indonesia.
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1998, La diversité du benthos marin de Nouvelle-Calédonie : de l'espèce à la notion de patrimoine
Vermeij, Geerat J., Bouchet, Philippe, 1998, New Pisaniinae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Buccinidae) from New Caledonia, with remarks on Cantharus and related genera, Zoosystema, 20, 3, 471-485
Résumé [+] [-]The genera Cantharus Röding, 1798, Pollia Gray in Sowerby, 1834, and Cancellopollia n.g. (type species : C. gracilis n. sp.) are pisaniine buccinids having a small tooth (labral spine) at the edge of the crenulated outer lip. As defined and restricted here, these genera have a mainly Indo-West Pacific distribution. Cantharus septemcostatus n. sp. , Pollia pellita n. sp., Cancellopollia gracilis n. sp. , and C. ustulata n. sp., are reported from deep water in the New Caledonia region, and Cantharus leucotaeniatus Kosuge, 1985 and Pollia vicdani (Kosuge, 1984) n. comb. are from the Vanuatu. Despite a narrow bathymetric (4154-560 m) and horizontal (northernmost Norfolk Ridge) distribution, Cancellopollia gracilis exhibits remarkable variation, with highly localised morphs.
- Aubry U., 1999, Nuove Terebre e antichi versi, L'informatore piceno ; Mostra mondiale malacologia
Crosnier, Alain, 1999, Un Heterocarpus nouveau (Crustacea, Decapoda, Pandalidae) du Pacifique Sud-Ouest, Zoosystema, 21, 2, 345-357
Résumé [+] [-]A new species, Heterocarpus intermedius, confused until now with H. woodmasoni Alcock, 1901, is described after specimens caught off the east coast of Australia, New Caledonia, the Loyalty and the Chesterfield islands, and the Combe and Tuscarora banks. It can be separated mainly by the fact that it has no postrostral crest and only two pairs of dorsolateral spines on the telson. An addition to the indentification key of the Heterocarpus species publishede by Crosnier (1988) is proposed.
de Saint Laurent, Michèle, McLaughlin, Patsy A., 1999, A new genus and species of hermit crabs (Decapoda, Anomura, Paguridae) from the western Pacific, Zoosystema, 21, 1, 77-92
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus is porposed for a new species widely distributed in the western Pacific Ocean from the Philippine Islands in the northwestern Pacific south to Kermadec Islands of New Zeland. Jacquesia n. genus, bears considerable similarity to Iridopagurus de Saint Laurent-Dechancé, 1966, in lacking an accessory tooth on the crista dentata of the third maxilliped, but having eleven pairs of quadriserial gills, slender elongate and subequal chelipeds and a well-developed left male sexual tube. It is distinguished from Iridopagurus by he presence of paired fisrt pleopods in females. The new species is a very distinct, but morphologically variable species. Theses variations, however, do not appear to be correlated with either size or sex.
Grandperrin, René, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1999, Programme «Monts sous-marins» (1990-2000) Bilan final, 49
Résumé [+] [-]Le programme «Monts sous-marins» s'est déroulé au centre IRD de Nouméa depuis 1990 sous la direction de René GRANDPERRIN. Ses objectifs étaient l'étude faunistique des pentes récifales externes, des monts sous-marins et du domaine bathyal supérieur (200-1500 m) et l'évaluation de leurs potentialités halieutiques. 32 campagnes représentant un total de 446 jours de mer ont été effectuées. 18 d'entre elles ont été consacrées à l'halieutique, 13 aux études faunistiques et une à des essais de sondeur. 1496 opérations de prélèvement ont été réalisées (445 pour l'halieutique et 1051 pour la faunistique) avec les engins suivants: casier, chalut à crevettes, chalut de fond à poissons, grand chalut de fond à poissons néo-zélandais, chalut à perche, chalut pélagique à poissons, drague épibenthique, drague à roche, drague Waren et palangre de fond. En ce qui concerne l'halieutique, les ressources des pentes externes (100-600 m) ont été étudiées en Nouvelle-Calédonie et à Vanuatu, archipel pour lequel un atlas des pêches est sous presse. Les monts sous-marins agissent comme des dispositifs de concentration de poissons pour les espèces démersales. En Nouvelle-Calédonie, ils abritent une ressource en Beryx splendens qui fit l'objet d'une exploitation commerciale. Une étude scientifique, basée sur Il campagnes, a pennis de déterminer les paramètres biologiques et dynamiques de l'espèce et de modéliser sa distribution en fonction de la profondeur. Pour la première fois, une corrélation liant la croissance d'un poisson de profondeur avec le phénomène ENSO a été établie. Des travaux de génétiques des populations sont en cours sur cette espèce. Par ailleurs, le programme «Monts sous-marins» collabora étroitement avec le programme ZoNéCo d'identification et d'évaluation des ressources marines de la zone économique de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Deux synthèses portant sur les données thonières et sur les poissons profonds furent réalisées. Un halieute participa aux campagnes de bathymétrie mettant en œuvre un sondeur multifaisceaux à bord du N.O. L'Atalante. Cinq campagnes d'exploration des ressources halieutiques profondes furent effectuées à bord du N.O. Alis à l'aide de chaluts et de palangres de fond. Elles mirent en évidence l'existence de certaines ressources jusque là ignorées des pêcheurs. Les collectes de la faune bathyale ont été réalisées dans le cadre d'opérations conjointes IRD et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (MNHN). L'analyse des prélèvements a été possible grâce à un réseau de taxonomistes mis en place par l'IRD (Centre de Nouméa et Antenne du MNHN) et le MNHN ; il compte 181 chercheurs appartenant à 92 institutions de 24 nations différentes, ce qui représente un effort de recherche internationale exceptionnel! Les résultats obtenus dans le Pacifique sud-ouest, et notamment en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ont révolutionné la connaissance de la biodiversité des faunes profondes. 20 volumes des Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM qui paraissent dans la série des Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle sont déjà parus (environ 10 000 pages) et un autre est sous presse. Ils traitent de plus de 4500 espèces dont plus de 1300 étaient nouvelles pour la science. 126 genres nouveaux ont été créés de même que 7 familles nouvelles. Au sein de cette étude, la Nouvelle-Calédonie apparaît comme particulièrement riche en espèces et d'une très grande originalité puisque sur-les 1619 espèces actuellement publiées, 60,7 % étaient nouvelles pour la science. Des études phylogénétiques ont été réalisées sur certains groupes zoologiques en utilisant soit des techniques de biologie moléculaire (ADN), soit des méthodes de microscopie électronique. Il s'agit des Crustacés, des Echinodermes (Crinoïdes) et des Brachiopodes, parmi lesquels plusieurs formes panchroniques ont été découvertes. L'accessibilité aux faunes de profondeurs au cours du programme «Monts sous-marins» a permis de récolter des organismes qui ont fait l'objet d'analyses par le programme de pharmacologie (Substances Marines d'Intérêt Biologique: SMIB). Deux bases de données sont directement issues des travaux du programme «Monts sous-marins». Elles concernent les données halieutiques et les données faunistiques. Les premières ont été stockées à la Structure de Gestion et de Valorisation Locale (SGVL) du programme ZoNéCo. Les secondes le sont à l'IRD. Pour chacune d'elles, une procédure de création de sites INTERNET est en cours. Le problème majeur rencontré par le programme fut la disponibilité en personnel. En effet, avec une moyenne de 6 personnes, dont un chercheur et un ingénieur d'étude à plein temps, les effectifs ne dépassèrent jamais un total de 9! Le programme disposa en moyenne de 318 kFlan, dont 40 % sur fonds IRD et 60 % sur financements extérieurs. Les financements extérieurs furent de trois types: FIDES section locale du Territoire de Nouvelle-Calédonie, programme ZoNéCo et, dans une moindre mesure, MAE. Le nombre de publications réalisées par les ressortissants du programme a été de 214, dont 139 pour lesquelles le premier auteur est un membre du programme.
McLay, Colin L., Crosnier, Alain, 1999, Crustacea Decapoda: Revision of the Family Dynomenidae, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 20, 180, 427-569
Résumé [+] [-]The Dynomenidae are a group of small, uncommon, primitive crabs, which are often associated with corals. They inhabit depths down to around 500 m, between latitudes 40°N and 40°S. All genera and species are revised and redescribed, and the genus Dynomene Desmarest, 1823 is divided into two additional genera. As a result, there are thirteen known species belonging to five genera: Dynomene Desmarest, 1823 [D. hispida Guérin-Méneville, 1832, D. praedator A. Milne Edwards, 1879, D. pugnatrix de Man, 1889, D. filholi Bouvier, 1894, and D. pilumnoides Alcock, 1900], Hirsutodynomene gen. nov. [H. spinosa (Rathbun, 1911), and H. ursula (Stimpson, li>60)], Metadynomene gen. nov. [Ai. devaneyi (Takeda, 1977), M. tanensis (Yokoya, 1933), and M. crosnieri sp. nov.], Acanlliodromia A. Milne Edwards, 1880 [A. erinacea A. Milne Edwards, 1880, and A. margarita (Alcock, 1899)], and Paradynomene Sakai, 1963 [P. tuberculata Sakai, 1963]. A key is provided to identify these species. In addition nine fossil genera, dating from the Upper Jurassic, are known: Stephanonietopon Bosquet, 1854, Dromiopsis Reuss, 1859, Palaeodromites A. Milne Edwards, 1865, Cyamocarcinus Bittner, 1883, Graptocarcinus Roemer, 1887, Cyclothyreus Remes, 1895, Gemmellarocarcinus Checchia-Rispoli, 1905, Glyptodynomene Van Straelen, 1944, Trachynotocarcinus Wright & Collins, 1972. Some extinct species have also been placed in the genus Dynomene. The definition of the family Dynomenidae given by ALCOCK (1901) is updated and expanded in order to allow fossil species to be more accurately determined. Because of overlap with the Dromiidae, there has been some uncertainty about true family affinities of some fossils. Although these genera are in need of revision, this is not undertaken in this paper. The status oi Dynomene pilumnoides is established as a valid species, D. pugnatrix brevimana Rathbun. 1911 is synonymized with D. pugnatrix de Man, 1889, D. granulobata Dai, Yang & Lan, 1981 is a synonym of D. hispida, while D. sinensis Chen, 1979, D. tenuilobata Dai, Yang & Lan, 1981, and D. huangluensis Dai, Cai & Yang, 1996 are all synonyms of D. praedator. Dynomenids are reported from Australia for the first time in D. pilumnoides, and Hirsutodynomene spinosa. The status of Metadynomene tanensis (Yokoya, 1933) is established as a widespread Pacific species and shown to be part of the fauna of Japan, where it has been confused with D. praedator. Paradynomene tuberculata, previously known from Japan and New Caledonia, is now recorded from the Gulf of Aden, Indian Ocean. P. tuberculata as well as D. praedator and H. spinosa, are reported from Guam. The Atlantic Ocean and the Indo-Pacific share genera of dynomenids but not species. The biogeographic history of dynomenids is interpreted in the liglit of tfieir present distribution and in relation to plate tectonics. Ancestral dynomenids are assumed to have been tethyan crabs and D. filholi and Acanthodromia erinacea, two insular Atlantic species, are shown to be tethyan relicts. By contrast, Hirsutodynomene ursula from the eastem Pacific, seems to be a species of quite recent origin. In redescribing the species particular attention is paid to some new characters: setae, gills, epipods and gill cleaning mechanisms, the subchelate structure of the last pereopods and the male pleopods. This work was undertaken using a scanning electron microscope. Differences in the gross appearance of setae can be used to separate species and there are substantial differences in setal structure at the microscopic level. The standard branchial formula for dynomenids is shown to be nineteen gills plus seven epipods. There is little variation in gill numbers but substantial variation in gill shape between species. Although dynomenid gills are often said to be "transitional" they are arranged as in phyllobranchs but with the epibranchial part divided into varying numbers of lobes which gives them a trichobranch-like appearance. Acanthodromia has gills which are almost identical to the phyllobranchs of the Dromiidae but which retain the "dynomenid notch" on each side which, in cross section, give each gill plate a violin shape. The gill cleaning mechanism in dynomenids is complex, being carried out by no less than eight appendages (long setae on the posterior margin of the scaphognatbite and the seven epipods) as well as stiff setae on the posterior hypobranchial wall of the gill chamber. In eubrachyurans only three appendages (maxillipodal epipods) are used. In dynomenids the last pereopod is very reduced (on average less than one-third the length of the fourth pereopod) and carried in a horizontal position alongside the posterolateral carapace margin above the base of the preceding pereopod. They are not, as it has been commonly described, carried subdorsally. Using a scanning electron microscope it was revealed that this limb is sexually dimorphic: in males the dactyl has the normal shape of a tiny claw, but in females the dactyl is a flattened plate, bearing five to sixteen spines which are opposable to an extension of the propodus. In both males and females the propodal extension is armed with spines but in Hirsutodynomene. Metadynomene and Paradynotnene, females have a significantly larger number of spines, which are armed with tiny teeth. Males of three species have an additional small spine on the outer margin of the dactyl. This is a character, previously only known amongst the Dromiidae, which suggests that the last pereopod of dynomenids may have evolved from a camouflagecarrying limb. This limb appears to be vestigial and it is difficult to know what its function may have been amongst the dynomenid ancestors. However its most likely former role appears to be as a cleaning appendage, but certainly not for carrying pieces of camouflage as it is found amongst the dromiids and homolids. All dynomenids, except Acanthodromia, lack an effective abdominal locking mechanism and both sexes have five pairs of pleopods. The female has vestigial, uniramous first pleopods followed by four pairs of normal biramous pleopods, while the male has the normal first two pairs of pleopods as well as three pairs of rudimentary pleopods on segments three to five. These rudimentary pleopods can be uniramous or bifid. In Metadynomene tatiensis 17% of females were gynandromorphs with small male first pleopods but the remaining pleopods were normal. The diet of dynomenids seems to consist of food obtained by sieving fine sediment or perhaps coral mucus. The bunches of sfiff setae on the inner margins of the cheliped fingers and third maxillipeds are probably used to separate fine organic fragments. Most of their gut contents are unidentifiable soft organic material along with small amounts of chopped chitinous fragments perhaps coming from hydroids or other crustaceans. Dynomenids appear to be deposit feeders. Dynomenids have a broadcast reproductive strategy, with indirect development, laying small eggs (mean diameter = 0.49 mm) which probably produce planktonic larvae. Dynomenid larvae have never been reported in plankton samples. Males are on average 19% larger than females which become sexually mature at 5-8 mm CW for small species, or 9-13 mm CW for large species. Egg numbers increase logarithmically with body size. Given the sister group relationship with homolodromiids (which have very abbreviated development) it is implied that dynomenids and dromiids evolved from ancestors which had large eggs and perhaps a brooding strategy. This conclusion is contrary to accepted wisdom, but it is the most parsimonious answer. Some dromiids have retained the brooding strategy but others have independently evolved a broadcast strategy. The evolution of such a strategy in both these families is probably related to their colonization of the shallow water habitat. Both dynomenids and dromiids are mostly crabs of the continental shelf whereas homolodromiids are crabs of the continental slope. Using morphological characters the phylogenetic relafionships of the Dynomenidae are examined. Both the Dynomenidae and the Dromiidae are monophylefic, sharing significant apomorphies. The resemblance of some dynomenids and dromiids is shown to be the result of convergent evolution within these families. The Homolodromiidae are also monophyletic but are defined almost exclusively by plesiomorphies. Monophyly of the Dromiacea de Haan, 1833 is supported by morphological characters with the Dynomenidae and Dromiidae together being the sister group of the Homolodromiidae. The ancestor of these three families was probably a camouflage carrying crab, using both of the last two pairs of pereopods. A controversial aspect of the sister group relationships of the dromiaceans is the need to assume that in dynomenids the fourth pereopod has reverted to a locomotory role and the fifth pereopod became a cleaning limb. Monophyly of the Podotremata Guinot, 1977 is also supported. This analysis suggests that camouflage-carrying behaviour has evolved independently in the Dromiidae (and probably in the Homolodromiidae) and the Homolidae. Dromiids carry pieces of sponges or ascidians as well as shells, using the last two pairs of pereopods, while homolids carry sponges or anemones, using only the last pair of pereopods. The ancestor of the Dromiacea and Archaeobrachyura was probably an inhabitant of deeper waters and not a camouflage carrying crab.
Vidal, Jacques, 1999, Taxonomic review of the elongated cockles: Genera Trachycardium, Vasticardium and Acrosterigma (Mollusca, Cardiidae), Zoosystema, 21, 2, 259-335
Résumé [+] [-]The cardiids of the subfamily Trachycardiinae Stewatt, 1930 (sensu Keen, 1969, genus Papyridea excluded), are reviewed, with special attention given to the geneta Trachycardium, Acrosterigma, and Vasticardium. No change is proposed here to the relatively well-defined taxonomy of Trachycardium, consideted to be exclusively American, with six subgenera, nor to the American Acrosterigma. In contrast, the generic taxonomy of the Indo-Pacific Trachycardiinae, quasi-randomly distributed by authors among the three genera cited above, was not clear and is reevaluated. All of the species are regrouped here into two genera Vasticardium and Acrosterigma which receive clear and usable definitions. The American genus Trachycardium differs widely from them in both hinge and rib morphology. The two genera Vasticardium and Acrosterigma are distinguished mainly by rib motphology. These three genera are now grouped in the subfamily Cardiinae. In several previous articles, I have analyzed in detail the genus Vasticardium, including fifteen Recent species. The results are summarized here. The genus Acrosterigma is represented in America by several fossil species and two Recent species; in the Indo-Pacific, where no general study has previously been undettaken, it is represented by several fossil species (one new) and twenty-five Recent species, of which nine are new; these species are divided into six species-groups. Neotypes ate proposed for Cardium magnum Linné, 1758 and Cardium biradiatum Bruguière, 1789 and lectotypes for Cardium laevigatum Linné, 1758, Cardium serratum Linné, 1758, and Cardium marmoreum Lamarck, 1819.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., 2000, A new species of Volutomitra (Gastropoda: Volutomitridae) from New Caledonia, Venus, 59, 3, 181-190
Résumé [+] [-]Volutomitra glabella n. sp., from off New Caledonia, is the second representative of the genus from the tropical South-West Pacific, where it has been recorded alive on hard bottoms in 258-525 m. Its anatomy is essentially similar to that of other boreal, Antarctic and Australasian species of Volutomitridae. It is sympatric with the V. vaubani species-complex, from which it differs by its larger adult size (17-25 mm), more vividly coloured shell, and larger protoconch (average diameter 1440,um vs average 1030,um in V. vaubani).
- Burukovsky, Rudolf N., 2000, Taxonomy of shrimps from the genus Nematocarcinus (Decapoda, Nematocarcinidae). 6. Redescription of species from the groups undulatipes and gracilis with descriptions of two new species, Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 79, 10, 1155-1167
Castro, Peter, Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: A revision of the Indo-West Pacific species of palicid crabs (Brachyura Palicidae)), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 437-610
Résumé [+] [-]The taxonomy of the crabs belonging to the family Palicidae Bouvier, 1898 from the Indo-west Pacific region is revised. On the basis of extensive material collected by French expeditions in the Coral Sea and other regions of the Pacific and Indian oceans, as well as material from numerous museums, including most of the types, the present study recognizes two subfamilies, 10 genera, and 43 species. Of these taxa, four are new genera: Exopalicus, Miropalicus, Paliculus, and Rectopalicus. Manella is synonymized with Crossotonotus A. Milne Edwards, 1873. Parapleurophricoides Nobili, 1906, sometimes believed to be a palicid, is a xanthoid and it is removed from the Palicidae. Nine nominal species described by previous authors are synonymized and an additional 17 species are described.
Galil, Bella S., Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: Review of the genera and species of the family Polychelidae Wood-Mason, 1874, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 285-387
Résumé [+] [-]The polychelids are large, uncommon, primitive decapods that inhabit the depths of the world oceans down to 5000 m, between latitudes 50°N and 55°S. A study of major deep-sea collecdons led to a revision of the family. All genera and species are redescribed and extended synonymies given. Two new genera are established: Cardus, for Polycheles crucifer (Thomson, 1873) and Homeryon, for Polycheles asper Rathbun, 1906 and a new species, H. armarium. The genus Pentacheles Bate, 1878, is revived to include polychelids in which the epipod on third maxilliped is longer than the ischium: P. gibbus Alcock, 1894, P. laevis Bate, 1878, P. obscurus Bate, 1878, P. synderi (Rathbun, 1906) and P. validus A. Milne Edwards, 1880. Stereomastis Bate, 1888 is considered a synonym of Polycheles Heller, 1862. Willemoesia Grote, 1873 is retained with but four species: W. forceps A. Milne Edwards, 1880, W. inornata Faxon, 1893, W. leptodactyla (Willemoes-Suhm, 1875), and W. pacifica Sund, 1920. In all, thirty-two species are recognized, including six new species. The bathymétrie and geographic ranges are amended and discussed. A key to the genera and species of the family is provided.
Garcia, Emilio F., 2000, Description of a very distinct Cirsotrema (Gastropoda: Epitoniidae) from New Caledonia, Novapex, 1, 3-4, 105-107
Résumé [+] [-]A new gastropod species form New Caledonia assigned to the famili Epitoniidae, genus Cirsotrema, is described.
Jones, Diana S., Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Cirripedia Thoracica: Chionelasmatoidea and Pachylasmatoidea (Balanimorpha) of New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Wallis and Futuna Islands, with a review of all currently assigned taxa, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 141-283
Résumé [+] [-]Balanomorph barnacles of the superfamilies Chionelasmatoidea and Pachylasmatoidea collected by various French deep-sea expeditions in the waters of New Caledonia, Vanuatu, and the Wallis and Futuna Islands are discussed. One sample from the Marianas Islands is also included. Of the 21 species reported herein, 18 are new to science, 2 are recognised as relictual, and 1 represents a northward range extension within the waters of the southwestern Pacific Ocean. In addition 4 new genera and 1 new subfamily are described. An exceptional diversity of species occurs in the subfamilies Pachylasmadnae and Hexelasmadnae of the family Pachylasmatidae. The number of new pachylasmatines described represents 46% of the known species and that of the new hexelasmatines 40%, indicating the richness of these waters. Of the 17 new species described from the waters of New Caledonia, Vanuatu, and the Wallis and Futuna Islands, 14 are considered presently to be endemic to the Vanuatu/New Caledonian region and the remaining 3 occur in a broader area which includes the Futuna and Wallis Islands region. The richest fauna occurs at the Loyalty Islands (15 species), the Norfolk Ridge (11 species) and New Caledonia (11 species). The occurrence of 2 relictual species, the chionelasmaune Chionelasmus darwini and the eolasmatineWaite/aima boucheti, in the waters of the New Caledonian region supports the hypothesis that the southwestern Pacific is a relictual area.
- Ng, Peter K.L., 2000, THE DEEP-WATER SWIMMING CRABS OF THE GENUS BENTHOCHASCON (DECAPODA: BRACHYURA: PORTUNIDAE), WITH DESCRIPTION OF A NEW GENUS FOR THE AMERICAN B. SCHMIITI, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 20, Special number 2, 310–324
TABACHNICK, KONSTANTIN R., Lévi, Claude, Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Porifera Hexactinellida: Amphidiscophora off New Caledonia, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 53-140
Résumé [+] [-]During the "MUSORSTOM" cruises in the southwestern Pacific, and particulariy off New Caledonia, 19 species of Hexactinellida Amphidiscophora have been found. Twelve species are considered as new: Hyalonema spatlia, H. uncinata, H. microstauractina, Sericolophus calsubus, S. neocaledonicus, Semperella abyssalis, S. crosnieri, S. varioactina foliopogon micropentactinus, P. claviculus, P. zonecus, and Pheronema pseudogiganteum. Iwo other new species were collected near Hawaii: Sericolophus hawaiicus and off eastern Australia: Sericolophus cidancus. The description of the holotype of Pheronema giganteum Schulze is completed.
Bouchet, Philippe, Sysoev, Alexander V., 2001, Typhlosyrinx-like tropical deep-water turriform gastropods (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Conoidea), Journal of Natural History, 35, 11, 1693-1715
doi: 10.1080/002229301317092405 Résumé [+] [-]Based on radular and protoconch morphology, the genus Typhlosyrinx Thiele, 1925 has been successively classified in the subfamily Turriculinae of the family Turridae and in the subfamily Clathurellinae of the family Conidae. It is shown that the protoconch had earlier been misinterpreted, and the presence of a diagonally cancellated sculpture indicates a placement in the conid subfamily Raphitominae. Two conchologically similar genera, based on teleoconch sculpture and radular morphology are recognized: Typhlosyrinx, with axial ribbing on teleoconch spire whorls and a radula with long (250 mum) barbed teeth, and Leiosyrinx n. gen., without axial sculpture and a radula with short (< 100 mum) simplified teeth. Five species (two new) of Typhlosyrinx and four species (all new) of Leiosyrinx are recognized, all at bathyal depths between 280 and 1840 m in the tropical Indo-Pacific and Panamic provinces. The two genera are not known earlier than the Pliocene, where they already occurred in deep-water assemblages.
Dijkstra, Henk H., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Bathyal Pectinoidea (Bivalvia: Propeamussiidae, Entoliidae and Pectinidae) from Wallis and Futuna Islands, Vanuatu Archipelago and New Caledonia, Tropical Deep Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 73-95
Résumé [+] [-]Material from recent expeditions off Vanuatu and Wallis and Futuna islands (NE of Fiji) include new records of deep water Pectinoidea. The 20 species recorded from Vanuatu are shared with New Caledonia (80%), Indonesia (70%) and Wallis and Futuna (60%), and the 24 species recorded from Wallis and Futuna are shared with New Caledonia (75%), Indonesia (63%) and Vanuatu (54%). Parvamussium musorstomi sp. novo is described from Wallis and Futuna. The New Caledonia records of Propeamussium maorium are revised and reidentified as P. investigatoris. Parvamussium cristatellum and Propeamussium siratama are recorded and P. richeri sp. novo is described from New Caledonia. A lectotype is designated for Propeamussiwn jefjreysii.
Dolin, Luc, Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Les Triviidae (Mollusca : Caenogastropoda) de l’Indo-Pacifique : Révision des genres Trivia, Dolichupis et Trivellona, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 201-241
Résumé [+] [-]The Indo-Pacific species of Trivia, Dolichupis and Trivellona are revised, based on the most abundant and comprehensive material ever brought together and reveals a previously unsuspected diversity of Triviinae in the upper bathyal zone (200-500 m) of the tropical West Pacific. The description of this fauna gives an opportunity to reevaluate the validity of numerous species- and genus-group taxa recognized earlier, both in the littoral and deep water zones. The present paper deals with Trivia Broderip, 1837, Decoriatrivia Cate, 1979, Dolichupis Iredale, 1930, and Trivellona Iredale, 1931. A forthcoming study will deal with Trivirostra Jousseaume, 1884, Cleotrivia Iredale, 1930, and Semitrivia Cossmann, 1903. By First Reviser action, Ellatrivia Iredale, 1931 is given precedence over Fossatrivia Iredale, 193 I . Decoriatrivia is treated as a subgenus of Trivia; Dolichupis is regarded as generically distinct from Pusula; the nominal genus Pseudotrivia is synonymized with Trivellona. Trivia (T.) cylindrica sp. novo from the Philippines, and Trivia (T.) vitrosphaera sp. nov., from New Caledonia, represent the first records of Trivia (T.) in the Indo-Pacific. Their deep-water occurrence contrasts with that of the six or so species from the littoral of the temperate and tropical eastern Atlantic. Dolichupis malvabasis sp. nov., a deep water species from the Philippines, is closely related to the type species and sole other representative of Dolichupis, D. producta (Gaskoin, 1836). Nine named and six new species are recognized in Trivellona: T. bulla sp. nov., T. conjonctiva sp. nov., T. oligopleura sp. nov., T. syzygia sp. novo and T. galea sp. nov., all from New Caledonia, and T. eglantina sp. novo from the Philippines. Trivia valerieae Hart, 1996 [= Erato tetatua Hart, 1996, syn. Nov.; First Reviser] is treated as a SW Pacific subspecies of T. paucicostata (Schepman, 1909); T. Shimajiriiensis McNeil, 1961, described from the Pliocene of Okinawa, is now recorded in the Recent fauna of the Philippines. Pusula niasensis Wissema, 1948 is a new synonym of Dolichupis producta (Gaskoin, 1836), Pseudotrivia sagamiensis KUI'oda & Habe, 1971 is a new synonym of T. sibogae (Schepman, 1909), and Fossatrivia suduirauti Lorenz, 1996 is a new synonym of T. speciosa (Kuroda & Cate, 1979). Three nominal species described by Cate (1979) supposedly from the Philippines are shown to be wrongly localized and synonyms of Atlantic taxa: Pseudotrivia samarensis is synonymized with Trivia (T.) arctica (Pulteney, 1799) from Europe, and Pseudotrivia dumaliensis and Niveria (Cleotrivia) aquatanica are both synonymized with Niveria (N) nix Schilder, 1922 from the Caribbean. Decoriatrivia halians Cate, 1979 and D. but'ius Cate, 1979 are both synonymized with Trivia (Decoriatrivia) pauci!irata Sowerby, 1870 from the Panamic Province.
Houart, Roland, Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Ingensia gen. nov. and eleven new species of Muricidae (Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 243-269
Résumé [+] [-]Maculotriton ingens Houart, 1987 is transfen'ed from Ergalataxinae to Ingensia gen. novo in Muricinae. Phyllocoma Tapparone Canefri, 1881 is tentatively assigned to Muricinae, and Pagodula Monterosato, 1884, a hitherto Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic monotypic genus, is here used to include several Indo-West Pacific, eastern, and western Atlantic species formerly assigned to Trophonopsis Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882 or to Trophon S. l. Additional records of previously described and I or recorded species of Pterynotus Swainson, 1833, Actinotrophon Dall, 1902, Leptotrophon Houart, 1995, and Pagodula Monterosato, 1884 from the New Caledonia region are noted. Eleven new species are described. Five are representatives of Muricinae: Pterynotus (Pterynotus) rubidus sp. nov., Dermomurex (Trialatella) triclotae sp. nov., and Ingensia brithys gen. novo and sp. nov., from New Caledonia, Phyllocoma platyca sp. novo from off Wallis Island, and Poirieria (Actinotrophon) tenuis sp. novo from Vanuatu and off Wallis; one is a muricopsine: Muricopsis (Murexsul) micra sp. novo from New Caledonia; four are trophonine: Leptotrophon alis sp. nov., L. chlidanos sp. nov., L. perclarus sp. nov., and Pagodula procera sp. nov., from New Caledonia; one is a rapanine: Thais (Mancinella) grossa sp. nov., from New Caledonia and Vanuatu.
Kantor, Yuri I., Bouchet, Philippe, Oleinik, Anton, 2001, A revision of the Recent species of Exilia, formerly Benthovoluta (Gastropoda: Turbinellidae)., Ruthenica, 11, 2, 81-136
Résumé [+] [-]The range of shell characters (overall shape, sculpture, columellar plaits, protoconchs) exhibited by fossil and Recent species placed in Exilia Conrad, 1860, Mitraefusus Bellardi, 1873, Mesorhytis Meek, 1876, Surculina Dall, 1908, Phenacoptygma Dall, 1918, Palaeorhaphis Stewart, 1927, Zexilia Finlay, 1926, Graphidula Stephenson, 1941, Benthovoluta Kuroda et Habe, 1950, and Chathamidia Dell, 1956 and the anatomy of the Recent species precludes separation of more than one genus. Consequently all of these nominal genera are synonymised with Exilia, with a stratigraphical range from Late Cretaceous to Recent. Anatomically, Exilia is similar to other ptychatractine genera, but is characterized by a stomach with a long, narrow caecum, a penis with terminal fold surrounding the seminal papilla, and a radula with rachidian teeth with broad lateral flaps. Recent species of Exilia are restricted to deep water at middle to low latitudes in the Indian and Pacific oceans. Exilia hilgendorfi (Martens, 1897) is treated as a species highly variable within its broad IndoPacific distribution, with Benthovoluta gracilior Rehder, 1967, B. claydoni Harasewych, 1987, and B. prellei Bozzetti, 200 I considered local variants. Three new species are described: Exilia graphiduloides sp. nov. (New Caledonia, 520 m), E. vagrans sp. nov. (West and SW Pacific, 865-1280 m), and E. kiwi sp. nov. (New Zealand, 1386-1676 m).
- Krylova, Elena M., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Septibranchiate molluscs of the family Poromyidae (Bivalvia: Poromyoidae) from the tropical western Pacific Ocean, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 165-200
Lamprell, Kevin L., Healy, John M., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Spondylidae (Bivalvia) from New Caledonian and adjacent waters, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 111-163
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty-two species of Spondylus (Spondylidae) including eight previously undescribed, are recorded from material collected off New Caledonia and adjacent waters. Most of the species live in shallow water in coral reef and lagoonal environments, but at least four species have their main distribution at depths around 200 m, with one species occurring at 700 m. Spondylus exiguus sp. novo is the smallest known species in the family, with a maximum size of 6.4 mm. Spondylus flabellum Reeve, 1856 is placed into the synonymy of S. anacanthus Mawe, 1823. Confusion surrounding usage of the names Spondylus anacanthus and S. sanguineus Dunker, 1852 is finally resolved. The name Spondylus anacanthus, which has previously been applied to S. occidens Sowerby, 1903, is shown to be a prior and validly proposed name for S. sanguineus. Despite being well figured by MAWE, the absence of any documented type material for Spondylus anacanthus necessitates the establishment of a neotype for this species. Lectotypes are designated for Spondylus albibarbatus, S. butleri, S. castus, S. flabellum, S. ocellatus, S. pacificus, S. plurispinosus, and S. rubicundus, all of Reeve, 1856. By First Reviser action, the name Spondylus nicobaricus Schreibers, 1793 is given precedence over S. pseudochama Schreibers, 1793.
Sirenko, Boris I., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Deep-sea chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from sunken wood off New Calednodia and Vanuatu, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 39-71
Résumé [+] [-]Chitons of the order Lepidopleurida are a regular, and sometimes abundant, component of deep-sea faunas associated with sunken wood and other plant debris. Eleven species are known from off New Caledonia (6 species) and Vanuatu (10 species), at depths between 110 and 2340 m. These show discrete bathymetric segregation, but up to three species of Leptochiton may cooccur in the same haul. Five new species and one subspecies are described: Leptochiton boucheti sp. nov., L. deforgesi sp. nov., L. vanbellei sp. nov., L. saitoi sp. nov., L. thandari sp. nov., and Ferreiraella xylophaga karenaessp. Novo Beside sunken plant remains, species of Leptochitonidae are known from reduced environments, both in shallow and deep water, and it is open to speculation whether sunken wood represent the ancestral habitat from which the family radiated, or whether sunken wood represents a secondary habitat that was invaded sometime during the Mesozoic.
Sysoev, Alexander V., Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, New and uncommon turriform gastropods (Gastropoda:Conoidea) from the South-West Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 271-320
Résumé [+] [-]Several hundred species of turriform gastropods (Drilliidae, Turridae, Conidae) have been collected at bathyal depths in New Caledonia and other South-West Pacific archipelagoes. Seventeen new species are here described in the genera Drillia (Drilliidae), Inquisitor, Funa, Zemacies, Comitas (Turridae), Benthofascis, Bathytomq Glyphostoma, Daphnella, Spergo, Gymnobela, Teretiopsis, and Rocroithys gen. Novo (Conidae). The genus Zemacies, until now known from Paleocene to Pliocene deposits in New Zealand and Australia, is recognized for the first time in the Recent fauna, and includes Z. excelsa sp. Novo from New Caledonia, and Z. queenslandica (Powell, 1969) comb. nov., from Queensland to Papua. Benthofascis lozoueti sp. Nov., from the Norfolk Ridge, is the second confirmed species of the genus. Bathytoma boholica Parth, 1994 is synonymized with B. atractoides (Watson, 1881), and the validity of B. hedlandensis Tippett & Kosuge, 1994 is questioned. The range of Spergo fusiformis (Kuroda & Habe, 1961), hitherto known only from Japan, is shown to extend to Madagascar and the South-West Pacific. Daphnella itonis, which has been known under that name in the Japanese literature for more than 40 years, is formally described for the first time, based on specimens from New Caledonia. The species has very long radular teeth and, like molluscivorous species of cones, appears to be feeding on gastropods.
Valdés, Ángel, 2001, Deep-sea cryptobranch dorid nudibranchs (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia) from the tropical West Pacific, with descriptions of two new genera and eighteen new species, Malacologia, 43, 1-2, 237-311
Résumé [+] [-]The study of a large collection of cryptobranch dorid nudibranchs from deep waters in New Caledonia and the Philippines revealed the presence of Austrodods kerguelenensis (Bergh, 1884); 18 new species belonging to the genera Cadlina, Austrodoris, Geitodods, Discodoris, Peltodoris, Paradoris, Diaulula, Rostanga, Sclerodoris, Baptodoris and Dendrodoris, and two previously undescribed genera, Goslineria and Pharodoris, The anatomy of all these species, including the digestive, reproductive, and nervous system, are studied in detail. All these species are clearly distinguishable from other members of their genera. Most of the species have a pale, simple background coloration, and two of them lack eyes. Both characteristics seem to be adaptations to living in deep waters. Other deep-water Atlantic and Pacific species of dorid nudibranchs have similar adaptations. The two new genera are characterized by the presence of large copulatory spines, numerous flexible spines in Goslineria, and two solid, bifid spines in Pharodoris. No other cryptobranch dorid genera previously described have similar copulatory spines. Some of the species here described belong to genera previously reported from cold or temperate waters, such as Austrodoris, Cadlina and Diaulula. Most of the species belong to genera that are widespread in either cold, temperate or tropical waters (Rostanga, Paradoris, Geitodods and Baptodoris), and only two belong to exclusively tropical genera (Sclerodoris and Dendrodoris). Vicariant events and vertical dispersal could explain the processes of speciation and the origin of these deep-water species.
Valdés, Ángel, Bouchet, Philippe, Marshall, Bruce A., 2001, Deep-water phyllidiid nudibranchs (Gastropoda: Phyllidiidae) from the tropical south-west Pacific Ocean, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 22, 185, 331-368
Résumé [+] [-]Material collected by deep-sea expeditions in the south-west Pacific Ocean reveals a previously unrecognized radiation of the family Phyllidiidae into deeper waters, with a couple of species having a bathymetric range confined below 500 m. Whereas the shallow-water « 100 m) radiation consists mainly of species of Phyllidia, species of Phyllidiopsis make over 70% of the fauna in the 100-500 m interval, and the only two taxa recorded in the 500-750 m interval are species of Phyllidiopsis. A parallel pattern is observed in the Atlantic. There are no consistent anatomical differences between congeneric shallow and deep-water species, but taxa from deeper water are paler and have a simpler dorsal morphology. Twelve new species are described: Phyllidia orstomi sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge, 270-300 m), Phyllidiopsis brunckhorsti sp. novo (New Caledonia, 290350 m), P. anomalasp. Novo (Norfolk and Loyalty Ridges, 240-310 m), P. holothuriana sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge and Vanuatu, 110-240 m), P. macrotuberculata sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge, 270-300 m), P. futunai sp. novo (off Futuna 1., NE of Fiji, 165 245 m),P. crucifera sp. novo (off Futuna 1.,105-160 m), P. lozoueti sp. Novo (Norfolk Ridge, 235 m), P. richeri sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge, 510-750 m), P. circularis sp. novo (Norfolk Ridge, 510-530 m), P. vanuatuensis sp. novo (off Tanna 1., Vanuatu, 410 m), and P. neocaledonica sp. novo (New Caledonia, 315 m). Phyllidia varicosa var.quadrilineata Bergh, 1905, unrecorded since its description from the Flores Sea, Indonesia, is recognized as a valid species of Phyllidiopsis and recorded from Vanuatu in 160 -180 m.
Bouchet, Philippe, Petit, Richard E., 2002, New species of deep-water Cancellariidae (Gastropoda) from the southwestern Pacific, The Nautilus, 116, 3, 95-104
Résumé [+] [-]One new genus and nine new species of Cancellariidae are described from New Caledonia from depths between 200 and 600 meters. They are: Africotriton adelphum new species, Mirandaphera new genus, Mirandaphera cayrei new species, Mirandaphera maestratii new species, Merica marisca new species, Sveltia rocroii new species, Sveltia splendidula new species, Nipponaphera pardalis new species, Nipponaphera cyphoma new species, and Nipponaphera goniata new species. Africotriton adelphum new species is the first species in that genus known from outside South Africa and Australia. The new genus Mirandaphera is characterized by its broad, non-umbilicate shell with very large crenulated axial ribs, and axial columella. The genus is composed of the new species described herein, Mirandaphera maestratii new species and M. cayrei new species, and two other species: M. tosaensis (Habe, 1961) new combination and M. arafurensis (Verhecken, 1997) new combination, from deep water off Japan and the Arafura Sea respectively. Trigonaphera teramachii Habe, 1961 and Agatrix. nodosivaricosa Petuch, 1979 are transferred to Nipponaphera. New species of Merica, Sveltia, and Nipponaphera are the deepest dwelling known representatives in their respective genera.
Bouchet, Philippe, 2002, Protoconchs, dispersal and tectonic plates biogeography: new Pacific species of Morum (Gastropoda: Harpidae)., Journal of Conchology, 37, 5, 533-550
Résumé [+] [-]Morum clatratum n. sp. and Morum roseum n. sp. are described from depths of 100-200 m in the Marquesas Islands. Mode of development inferred from protoconch morphology and comparison with the protoconchs of Harpa with teleplanic larvae suggests that the new species have planktotrophic larval development, and that they are expected to range widely outside the Marquesas. In addition, Morum kurzi, M. macdonaldi, and M. teramachii, with inferred planktotrophic development, and M. watanabei, with inferred non-planktotrophic development, are newly recorded from South Pacific localities. The distribution of individual species of Morum appears to reflect dispersal during the planktonic phase, rather than movement of the lithospheric plates on the geological scale. The Caribbean Morum oniscus and M. lamarckii, respectively with inferred non-planktotrophic and planktotrophic development, are treated as separate valid species.
Holthuis, Lipke Bydeley, 2002, The Indo-Pacific scyllarine lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae), Zoosystema, 24, 3, 499-683
Résumé [+] [-]A revision is provided of the Indo-Pacific species of the subfamily Scyllarinae. All of these species were formerly placed in the genus Scyllarus Fabricius, 1775, but a closer study revealed that several genera could be distinguished within the subfamily. The 13 new genera now recognized in the Indo-Pacific biogeographic region are as follows: Acantharctus n. gen., Antarctus n. gen., Antipodarctus n. gen., Bathyarctus n. gen., Biarctus n. gen., Chelarctus n. gen., Crenarctus n. gen., Eduarctus n. gen., Galearctus n. gen., Gibbularctus n. gen., Petrarctus n. gen., Remiarctus n. gen. and Scammarctus n. gen. Diagnoses and keys are provided for all the genera and their species. New and insufficiently known species have been described extensively, for the others additional morphological details are given. New species are: Bathyarctus chani n. gen., n. sp., B. steatopygus n. gen., n. sp., Petrarctus veliger n. gen., n. sp., Chelarctus crosnieri n. gen., n. sp., Eduarctus pyrrhonotus n. gen., n. sp., E. marginatus n. gen., n. sp., E. perspicillatus n. gen., n. sp. and E. reticulatus n. gen., n. sp. Furthermore efforts were made to provide each species with a complete synonymy, a description of the colour, its biology, habitat and geographical distribution. All the material examined is listed in detail. Where appropriate, remarks are provided on nomenclature, published data on the larval development and other topics.
Lorenz, Felix, 2002, New worldwide Cowries. Descriptions of new taxa and revisions of selected groups of living Cypraeidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), ConcBooks, 19
Résumé [+] [-]This book describes taxa of cowries, some of which are new to science; others have to date been known only by taxonomically invalid forma-names: valid species: aenigma, colligata, deforgesi. New species by revision and promoting of rank: valid species: aenigma, colligata, deforgesi. New species by revision and lifting of rank: boucheti, gilvella, johnsonorum. New subspecies: caurica samoensis, citrina dauphinensis, coronata debruini, decipiens suprasinum, exmouthensis abrolhoensis, e. magnifica, jeaniana thalamega, katsuae guidoi, maculifera martybealsi, m. scindata, mappa admirabilis, teramachii polyphemus, langfordi cavatoensis, stolida brianoi, subteres violacincta, teres janae, and new subspecies by taxonomic validation: bregeriana pervelata, cinerea brasilensis, connelli peelae, cribraria australiensis, exmouthensis rottnestensis, fimbriata marquesana, fuscodentata grohorum, f sphaerica, mappa aliwalensis, pellucens panamensis, porteri nigromaculata, rosselli latistoma, r. satiata, scurra mundula, teramachii neocaledonica. Taxonomically valid names of other authors are elevated to species rank: exmouthensis, geographica, pellucens, and in some cases, to subspecies rank: cribraria zadela, fuscorubra gondwanalandensis, teres alveolus. Some genera and species-complexes are discussed in detail: the Leporicypraea mappacomplex, some species of the deep-water genus Nesiocypraea, the Western Australian members of Cribrarula, the genus Cypraeovula and its zoogeography, Erronea caurica and its subspecies, and the Blasicrura (Talostolida) teres species-complex. The distributions of all new taxa and related species-complexes are shown. In an illustrated checklist, all species, subspecies and commonly used forma-names of the living Cypraeidae are listed, including the new species and subspecies described herein.
Medinskaya, Alexandra I., 2002, Foregut anatomy of the Turrinae (Gastropoda, Conoidea, Turridae), Ruthenica, 12, 2, 135-159
Résumé [+] [-]The foregut anatomy of 22 species of the subfamily Turrinae, belonging to 12 genera, is described. A cladistic analysis made based on the characters of anatomy of the digestive system and morphology of radular teeth. The main result of the analysis was the separation of the subfamIly I11t.O .two rather large groups, one of which is in turn subdlVlded into two subgroups. Fusiturris similis, F. undatiruga, Cryptogemma corneus, "Turris" torta and Polystira jormosissima belong to the first group. In. The second group the main subgroup include all species of genus Gemmula and Gemmuloborsonia. Besides anatomical differences , species belonging to different groups have a differing geographical distribution. The new data obtained as a result of last works allow to define the anatomical characteristics of other turrids subfamilies.
Medinskaya, Alexandra I., 2002, Structure of the venom gland - muscular bulb complex in the family Turridae (Gastropoda, Conoidea), Ruthenica, 12, 2, 125-133
Résumé [+] [-]The histological structure of poison gland and muscular bulb in the family Turridae has been examined. The data on anatomy of about 50 species studied form the basis of the work. A correlation was revealed between the structure of poison gland itself, position of its duct, and the inner structure of muscular bulb. Six main types and 3 subtypes were recognized in the structure of poison gland - muscular bulb complex. Taking into account the high variability of the anterior paft of digestive system in Turridae, the isolation of the complex of characters, which can unite groups of genera, is of certain interest for the taxonomy of the family.
- Castro, Peter, Williams, Austin B., Cooper, Lara L., 2003, Revision of the family Latreilliidae Stimpson, 1858 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Zoosystema, 25, 4, 601-634
Crosnier A., 2003, Sicyonia (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeoidea, Sicyoniidae) de l’Indo-ouest Pacifique, Zoosystema, 25, 2, 197-348
Résumé [+] [-]This work deals with 31 species of Sicyonia H. Milne Edwards, 1830, based on the collections made by the IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, and on the collections of 28 other museums. Nineteen species are considered valid: S. australiensis Hanamura Wadley, 1998; S. benthophila de Man, 1907; S. bispinosa de Haan, 1850; S. curvirostris Balss, 1913; S. fallax de Man, 1907; S. furcata Miers, 1878; S. inflexa (Kubo, 1949); S. japonica Balss, 1914; S. laevis Bate, 1881; S. lancifer (Olivier, 1811); S. longicauda Rathbun, 1906; S. nasica Burukovsky, 1990; S. ocellata Stimpson, 1860; S. parafallax Crosnier, 1995; S. parvula de Haan, 1850; S. rectirostris de Man, 1907; S. trispinosa de Man, 1907; S. truncata (Kubo, 1949) and S. vitulans (Kubo, 1949). Four species are considered to be synonyms: S. cristata (de Haan, 1844) = S. lancifer; S. formosa (Chan & Yu, 1985) = S. furcata; S. ommanneyi Hall, 1961 = S. ocellata; S. nebulosa Kubo, 1949 = S. laevis. Twelve species are described as new: S. abathophila n. sp., S. adunca n. sp., S. altirostrum n. sp., S. dejouanneti n. sp., S. komai n. sp., S. longicornis n. sp., S. metavitulans n. sp., S. parajaponica n. sp., S. robusta n. sp., S. rocroi n. sp., S. rotunda n. sp. and S. taiwanesis n. sp. Some forms, near S. australiensis and S. dejouanneti n. sp., are mentioned but not named because the material available is insufficient. An attempt is made to classify the Indo-West Pacific species of Sicyonia into eight groups. Some groups are coherent, while others are certainly artificial. Some species cannot be placed in any of the groups and the placement of several species known from one sex only remains hazardous. An identification key is presented. Particular care was taken in illustrating the genitalia, which provide the most important characters for recognizing the species. Colour photographs show the coloration of living specimens of 17 species. Depth zones and geographic distributions of all the species are presented in tabular form. As with previous studies, high species diversity of the Philippines-Indonesia fauna is evident, as well as the reduction of the number of species when one moves away from the area, except for New Caledonian area because of the unusually high h density of the samples collected in this area.
Fraussen, Koen, Hadorn, Roland, 2003, Six new Buccinidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Novapex, 4, 2-3, 33-50
Résumé [+] [-]Serratifusus Darragh, 1969 comprises five Récent species, ail from New Caledonia, of which three are described as new: Serratifusus excelens sp. Nov., S. harasewychi sp. Nov. And 5. sitanius sp. Nov. Formerly known from New Caledonia by only one species, the genus Euthria M. E. Gray, 1850 is enriched with three new species: Euthria cumulata sp. Nov., E. scepta sp. Nov. And E. solifer sp. Nov. "Siphonofusus" vicdani Kosuge, 1992, a species with uncertain generic placement, and previously only known from the Philippine Islands and Australia, is now recorded from off New Caledonia.
Galil, Bella S., 2003, Four new genera of leucosiid crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura: Leucosiidae) for three new species and nine species previously in the genus Randallia Stimpson, 1857, with a redescription of the type species, R. ornata (Randall, 1939)., Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 116, 2, 395-422
Résumé [+] [-]A study of the leucosiid genus Randallia Stimpson, 1857, led to the description of four new genera: Tanaoa, for R. distincta Rathbun, 1893, R. pustulosa Wood-Mason, in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891, and a new species, T. nanus; Tokoyo for R. eburnea Alcock, 1896, and a new species, T. cirrata; Toru for R. granuloides Sakai, 1961, R. trituberculata Sakai, 1961, R. pila Tan, 1996, R. mesjatzevi Zarenkov, 1990, and a new species, T. septimus\ and Urashima, for R. lamellidentata Wood-Mason, 1892, and R. pustuloides Sakai, 1961. Randallia is restricted to its type species, R. ornata (Randall, 1839), and provisionally 12 other species currently placed in this genus pending further revision. All new genera are diagnosed and species assigned to them described or redescribed and illustrated; extended synonymies are given, and a key for species identification is provided. The type species, R. ornata, is redescribed.
Garcia, Emilio F., 2003, New records of Indo-Pacific Epitoniidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) with the description of nineteen new species, Novapex, Hors-série n° 1, 1-22
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty Indo-Pacific species of Epitoniidae are recorded, with range extensions for Acrilloscala xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903), Amaea gazeoides Kuroda & Habe, 1950, Cirsotrema rugosum (Kuroda & Ito, 1961), Cirsotrema plexis Dall, 1925, Claviscala solar Nakayama, 1995, Cylindriscala humerosa (Schepman, 1909), and Epitonium (Parviscala) bevdeynzerae Garcia, 2001. Nineteen new species are described. These include five species in the genus Amaea: A. apexroseus, A. boucheti, A. diluta, A. elegantula, A lennyi; one species in the genus Boreoscala: Boreoscala ponderosa; three species in the genus Cirsotrema : C (C.) excelsum, C. (Dannevigena) richeri, C. (Discoscala) herosae; two species in the genus Claviscala: C pellisanserina, C. vivienneae; one species in the genus Cylindriscala: Cylindriscala paradoxa; one species in the genus Gregorioiscala: Gregorioiscala nevillei; one species in the genus Gyroscala: Gyroscala Mikeleei; four species in the genus Epitonium: E. (Hirtoscala) deschampsi, E. (Lamelliscala) l11aestratii, E. (Parviscala) kastoroae, and E. (P) juanitae; one species in the genus Periapta: Periapta weili.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2003, The deep-water Indo-Pacific radiation of Fusinus (Chryseofusus subgen. nov.) (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae), Iberus, 21, 1, 207-240
Résumé [+] [-]A number of fusinids from the Indo-Pacific deep-water fauna are studied to get more insight in the distribution and variability. The subgenus Chryseofusus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae: Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815) is described as new to accommodate a number of species sharing conchological characteristics different from typical Fusinus. Their separation from Fusinus s.s. is based on differences in axial sculpture (usually absent on body whorl), spiral sculpture (weak, close-set, regular, crossed by distinct growth lines), shape (shorter spire, shorter siphonal canal, less convex whorls with subsutural concavity, less constricted suture) and parietal callus (inner lip smooth, parietal wall covered with an extended, adherent thin layer as callus). Fusinus (Chryseofusus) bradneri (Drivas and Jay, 1990), F. (C.) chrysodomoides (Schepman, 1911), F. (C.) graciliformis (Sowerby, 1880), F. (C.) hyphalus M. Smith, 1940, F. (C.) jurgeni Hadorn and Fraussen, 2002, F. (C.) kazdailisi Fraussen and Hadorn, 2000 and F. (C.) subangulatus (von Martens, 1901) are briefly described and their taxonomic placement in the new subgenus is discussed. To avoid further taxonomic complications, a lectotype is designated for the correct F. (C.) chrysodomoides. F. (C.) acherius (west Madagascar, Mozambique Channel, 1475-1530 m), F. (C.) alisae (north New Caledonia, 444-452 m), F. (C.) artutus (Philippines, Bohol, deep water), F. (C.) cadus (south New Caledonia, 460-470 m), F. (C.) dapsilis (Vietnam, deep water), F. (C.) riscus (New Caledonia, Norfolk Ridge, 394-401 m), F. (C.) scissus (south New Caledonia, 535 m), F. (C.) wareni ( New Caledonia, 480 m), and F. (C.) westralis (northwest Australia, off Port Hedland, 450 m) are described as new to science.
Kosuge, Sadao, Oliverio, Marco, 2003, Three new coralliophiline species from South-West Pacific (Neogastropoda : Muricidae : Coralliophilinae), Journal of Conchology, 38, 2, 147-153
Résumé [+] [-]Three new coralliophiline species are described from stations sampled in deep waters of New Caledonia, and Fiji in the South West Pacific: Coralliophila rhomboidea, Babelomurex virginiae and Mipus coriolisi. All species are compared with the morphologically closest species of Coralliophila, Babelomurex and Mipus.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., 2004, New Caledonia: The major centre of biodiversity for volutomitrid molluscs (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Volutomitridae), Systematics and Biodiversity, 1, 4, 467-502
doi: 10.1017/S1477200003001282 Résumé [+] [-]Recent deep-sea explorations in the South Pacific have documented around New Caledonia the most diverse fauna of gastropods of the family Volutomitridae anywhere in the world. Fourteen species (nine new, two remaining unnamed) are recorded, all essentially confined to the 250–750 m depth range. The high number of species in the New Caledonia region does not appear to be an effect of sampling intensity, but appears to result from four factors: regional spatial heterogeneity, frequency of hard substrates, syntopy, and a historical heritage shared with Australia and New Zealand, which until now ranked as the major centre of volutomitrid diversity. In the New Caledonia region, volutomitrids show a marked preference for hard bottoms and up to three species may cooccur in the same dredge haul. Many species appear to have extremely narrow geographical distributions within the region (e.g. a single seamount or a single submerged plateau); conversely, Microvoluta joloensis, the only non-endemic volutomitrid present in New Caledonia, ranges from the Mozambique Channel to Tonga.
Chan, Tin‐Yam, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, The ‘‘Plesionika rostricrescentis (Bate, 1888)’’ and ‘‘P. lophotes Chace, 1985’’ species groups of Plesionika Bate, 1888, with descriptions of five new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pandalidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 293-318
Résumé [+] [-]Before the present study, Plesionika rostricrescentis (Bate, 1888) and P. lophotes Chace, 1985 were the two Plesionika species unique in having a high basal rostral crest. A recently described species, P. erythrocyclus Chan & Crosnier, 1997 has a low basal rostral crest but is evidently related to P. rostricrescentis. Close examination of the abundant material collected during the MUSORSTOM expeditions and from Taiwan revealed that there are at least eight species in this ‘‘P. rostricrescentis-P. lophotes’’ species complex. These taxa are morphologically very similar but can be distinguished by their very distinctive colorations, which are often striking and consist of large circular spots. In the ‘‘P. rostricrescentis’’ group, which has the dorsal margin of the rostrum unarmed between the anteriormost tooth of the basal rostral crest and the subapical teeth, five species are recognized. Plesionika rostricrescentis is still known only by the holotype from the Kai Islands. Two new species, P. hsuehyui and P. suffusa, closely similar to P. rostricrescentis, are described. Plesionika hsuehyui is widely distributed from Taiwan to Fiji, while P. suffusa has only been found off New Caledonia. Plesionika erythrocyclus, previously known only from Taiwan and French Polynesia, occurs widely in the southern Pacific. Another new species, P. bimaculata, which closely resembles P. erythrocyclus, is distributed off New Caledonia and in adjacent areas. Three species are recognized in the ‘‘P. lophotes’’ group, which bear dorsal rostral teeth between the basal rostral crest and subapical teeth. Plesionika lophotes is restricted to the area between Japan and northwestern Australia. Two further closely similar new species, P. rufomaculata and P. scopifera are described, the former widely distributed from Okinawa to Futuna Island, the latter only off New Caledonia and Tonga. Although coloration is very important in distinguishing these species, species with similar color patterns do not necessarily belong to the same species group. Morphologically, these species are mainly separated by the height of the basal rostral crest, the number of rostral teeth, and the length of the stylocerite and the dactyli of the posterior three pereiopods. However, there is sexual dimorphism in the development of the basal rostral crest in these species, sometimes making positive identification of males and young specimens difficult.
Cleva, Régis, 2004, Stylodactylidae and Bathypalaemonellidae from Taiwan (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea), Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 52, 2, 497–511
Résumé [+] [-]Seven shrimp species of the family Stylodactylidae are reported here from Taiwanese waters, four of which represent new records for the area. Only three species of this family were previously known from Taiwan: Stylodactylus in multidentatus Kubo, 1942, and Parastylodactylus bimaxillaris (Bate, 1888), both present in the collection studied here, and Bathystylodactylus inflatus Hanamura & Takeda, 1996, no material in the present collection. Stylodactylus major Hayashi & Miyake, 1968, is recorded for the second time. The other species are: Stylodactylus libratus Chace, 1983, Stylodactylus licinus Chace, 1983, and Stylodactylus tokarensis Zarenkov, 1968. On another hand, the status of a seventh species, related to Stylodactylus pubescens Burukovsky 1990, is left unresolved. The rare deep-sea shrimp family Bathypalaemonellidae is added to the Taiwanese decapod fauna, being represented by four species, one of which is new: Bathypalaemonella hayashii Komai, 1995; Bathypalaemonetes brevirostris (Bruce, 1986); Bathypalaemonetes pilosipes (Bruce, 1986) and Bathypalaemonetes chani, new species.
Crosnier, Alain, Dall, William, 2004, Redescription of Hymenopenaeus obliquirostris (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeoidea, Soleneceridae) and descriptions of two new species of Hymenopenaeus from the Indo-West Pacific, Zootaxa, 600, 1-26
Résumé [+] [-]Hymenopenaeus obliquirostris ( Bate, 1881), a relatively poorly known species, is redescribed, figured and compared with H. halli Bruce, 1966. Two other species of Hymenopenaeus, H. methalli from the southwest Pacific and H. fallax from Hawaii, are described as new. All these species are closely related to one another. They are distinguished essentially by the presence or absence of a postrostral carina, the presence or absence of a fixed spine on the merus of the first pereopods, and the shape of parts of the thelycum and petasma.
Galil, Bella S., 2004, A new deep water leucosiid genus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Zoosystema, 26, 3, 495–502
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Ancylodactyla n. gen., is established for two deep water species excluded from Praebebalia Rathbun, 1911, P. elongata Zarenkov, 1969, and P. elata Zarenkov, 1994, and for Randallia nana Zarenkov, 1990, provisionally assigned to Randallia s.s. A study of the extensive collection of leucosiid crabs made by French expeditions to the Indo-Pacific Ocean has increased the known geographic and bathymetric ranges of these species. The new genus is distinguished from Praebebalia and from Randallia s.s. in having male abdominal somites 3-6 fused, and the second male pleopod longer than first pleopod. The species are redescribed, fully illustrated, synonymies are discussed, and a key for their identification is provided.
- Galil, Bella S., 2004, A new genus and species of leucosiid crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) from the Indo-Pacific Ocean, Zoosystema, 26, 3, 495-502
- Garcia E., 2004, New records of Opalia-like mollusks (Gastropoda: Epitoniidae) from the Indo-Pacific, with the description of fourteen new species, Novapex, 5, 1, 1-18
Hayashi, Ken-Ichi, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, Revision of the Pasiphaea cristata Bate, 1888 species group of Pasiphaea Savigny, 1816, with descriptions of four new species, and referral of P. australis Hanamura, 1989 to Alainopasiphaea Hayashi, 1999 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pasiphaeidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 319-373
Résumé [+] [-]The Pasiphaea cristata species group is treated herewith, as the second part of the revision of genus Pasiphaea Savigny, 1816. The group is primarily characterized by presence of a complete gill formula, unarmed posterior margin of the merus of the first pereopod, and unarmed posterior margin of the ischium and basis of the second pereopod. The group comprises twenty two species, four of which are new species from MUSORSTOM material. Pasiphaea nishiei Iwasaki proves to be a junior synonym of P. merriami Schmitt, and P. vereschhaka Burukovsky is probably a junior synonym of P. amplidens Bate. Pasiphaea australis Hanamura has the same pereopodal armatures as this group, but entirely lacks arthrobranchs and is referred to Alainopasiphaea Hayashi. The genus Pasiphaea is redefined by including Phye Wood-Mason as a synonym. A key to the species of P. cristata group is presented. Each species is defined and most species are redescribed and/or refigured.
Komai, Tomoyuki, 2004, A new genus and new species of Crangonidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea) from the southwestern Pacific, Zoosystema, 26, 1, 73–86
Résumé [+] [-]A new cratigonid genus and species, Pseudopontophilus serratus n. gen., n. sp., is established from the southwestern Pacific. The new genus is closely related to Pontophilus Leach, 18 17 and Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 in having at least one pair of lateral teeth oil the rostrum and a postorbital suture on the carapace. It is distinguished from both Pontophilus and Parapontophilus in the completely loss of exopod on the First pereopod and the less reduced second pereopod. Considerable variation in the number of median spines oil the carapace, which not appear to be correlated with either size or sex, is found in this new species.
Komai, Tomoyuki, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, A review of the Indo-West Pacific species of the genus Glyphocrangon A. Milne-Edwards, 1881 (excluding the G. caeca species group) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Glyphocrangonidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 375-610
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the species of the caridean genus Glyphocrangon A. Milne-Edwards, 1881 from the Indo-West Pacific Oceans is presented based on rich collections formed during French expeditions to various regions, and supplemented by extensive material deposited in various institutions throughout the world. The genus is divided into two informal groups primarily based on the development of the eye and the presence or absence of arthrobranchs on the first and second pereopods. This study treats species characterized by a well-developed eye and the presence of arthrobranchs on the first and second pereopods (herein called the Glyphocrangon spinicauda species group). A total of 54 species are recognized in the G. spinicauda species group from the Indo-West Pacific region. Of these, the following 28 are new to science: G. albatrossae (Philippines), G. amblytes (Madagascar and South Africa), G. armata (New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna islands), G. boletifera (Gulf of Aden), G. chacei (Philippines), G. confusa (Indonesia), G. cornuta (New Caledonia), G. crosnieri (Madagascar), G. conodactylus (New Caledonia), G. dimorpha (New Caledonia), G. ferox (Madagascar), G. formosana (Taiwan and East China Sea), G. indonesiensis (Philippines and Indonesia), G. kapala (eastern Australia), G. saintlaurentae (western Indian Ocean), G. major (New Caledonia), G. lineata (Indonesia and northwestern Australia), G. parva (Philippines), G. perplexa (Japan and Taiwan), G. proxima (Philippines and Indonesia), G. punctata (Philippines), G. richeri (Wallis and Futuna islands), G. robusta (Philippines), G. rubricinctuta (Wallis and Futuna islands), G. runcinata (East China Sea), G. similior (Coral Sea), G. speciosa (New Caledonia), and G. tasmanica (Tasman Sea). Glyphocrangon andamanensis Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 and G. mabahissae Calman, 1939, which have been considered to be synonymous with G. investigatoris Wood-Mason in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 and G. dentata Barnard, 1926 respectively, are found to be distinct species. Glyphocrangon juxtaculeata Chace, 1984, the holotype of which is a juvenile, is considered to be a junior subjective synonym of G. regalis Bate, 1888. Glyphocrangon joani Allen & Butler, 1994 is treated as a junior synonym of G. fimbriata Komai & Takeuchi, 1994. Plastocrangon Alcock, 1901 is interpreted as a synonym of Glyphocrangon. The new species are fully described and illustrated, and all but three of the previously known species are redescribed and illustrated: G. gilesii and G. smithii being diagnosed on the basis of published information, G. unguiculata Wood-Mason in Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891 on published information and provisionally identified material from the western Pacific. One obscurely diagnosed species, G. wagini Burukovsky, 1990 from the southeastern Pacific, is also redescribed in order to establish its affinities. Lectotypes are designated for G. acuminata Bate, 1888, G. pugnax de Man, 1918, G. assimilis de Man, 1918, G. sibogae de Man, 1918, and G. megalophthalma de Man, 1918. Identification key, separated by sex, is provided. This study reveals that most Glyphocrangon species have restricted geographical ranges, with only G. caecescens occurring in both the western Pacific and Indian oceans. The geographic and bathymetric distributions of the treated species are summarized.
Kool, Hugo H., 2004, Nassarius boucheti spec. nov., a deep water species from the western Pacific (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia, Nassariidae), Basteria, 67, 4-6, 135-139
Résumé [+] [-]A new Nassarius deep water species is described from the western Pacific. The material was collected during several expeditions of the Museum national d'Histoire nature lie, Paris.
Kool, Hugo H., 2004, Nassarius olomea Kay, 1979, revalidated (Gastropoda, Caenogastropoda, Nassariidae), Basteria, 68, 21-24
Résumé [+] [-]Contrary to data in the literature, Nassarrius alomea Kay, 1979, has a much wider distribution than only the Hawaiian Islands. It occurs also in parts of the southwestern Pacific. Nassarius alamen and N. crebricostatus (Schepman, 1911) are shown to be separate species.
Lemaitre, Rafael, 2004, A review of Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989 (Crustacea: decapoda: Paguroidea: Parapaguridae), with description of a new species, Scientia Marina, 68, 3, 355-372
Résumé [+] [-]Species of the parapagurid genus Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989 are reviewed based primarily on abundant specimens obtained during French campaigns across the Indo-Pacific region. A new species, S. breviacus, is described. The genus contains two other species, S. gracilipes (A. Milne-Edwards, 1891), the type of the genus, and S. sibogae (de Saint Laurent, 1972). One taxon, Parapagurus kilburni Kensley, 1973, originally described from off eastern Africa, has been found to be a junior synonym of S. sibogae. An updated diagnosis of the genus, and diagnoses and comparative illustrations of all three species, are presented together with a key to aid in their identification. Information on live coloration is provided for S. gracilipes and S. sibogae; live coloration of S. breviacus is not known.
Lemaitre, Rafael, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, A worldwide review of hermit crab species of the genus Sympagurus Smith, 1883 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parapaguridae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 85-149
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the genus Sympagurus Smith, 1883 (sensu Lemaitre) from the world oceans is presented. The study is based on the rich collections obtained during French campaigns in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and on additional material in various museums and research institutions throughout the world. The 17 species recognised in this genus occur most frequently between 500 and 1000 m depth, and range from 80 to 2537 m. Some live in striking symbiosis with anthozoan or zoanthid coelenterates that can produce pseudo-shells. Three new species, S. aurantium, S. chani and S. symmetricus, are fully described and illustrated here. Sympagurus rectichela (Zarenkov 1990), a taxon originally described in Parapagurus Smith, 1879, has been found to be a junior synonym of S. dofleini (Balss, 1912); and S. papposus Lemaitre, 1996 is a junior synonym of S. burkenroadi Thompson, 1943. All previously known Sympagurus species are diagnosed or redescribed and illustrated, and data on habitat, symbiotic associations, and coloration are provided. A key to aid in the identification of all Sympagurus species is presented, and their bathymetric and geographic distributions are summarised. The geographic distribution of 14 species (82.3%) includes the Pacific Ocean, 9 (52.9.%) the Indian Ocean, and 3 (1.8%) the Atlantic Ocean. New Caledonia and adjacent islands have the highest number of Sympagurus species in the world, with 12 species known to occur there.
Machordom, Annie, Macpherson, Enrique, 2004, Rapid radiation and cryptic speciation in squat lobsters of the genus Munida (Crustacea, Decapoda) and related genera in the South West Pacific: molecular and morphological evidence, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 33, 2, 259-279
- Macpherson, Enrique, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, Species of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 and related genera from Fiji and Tonga (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 231-292
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, A review of the hermit crab genus Nematopagurus A. Milne-Edwards and Bouvier, 1892 and the descriptions of five new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguridae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 151-229
Résumé [+] [-]The hermit crab genus Nematopagurus, erected by A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier (1892) for a single Atlantic species, has vastly larger reported representation in the Indo-Pacific region. However, the majority of species have been described on the basis of one or only a few specimens. The Musorstom expeditions to the south central Pacific and Philippine Islands, supplemented by the surveys of the United States Fish Commission steamer Albatross in Hawaiian, Philippine and Japanese waters, have provided not only a substantial amount of new material, but sufficient representation of most described species to permit the evaluation of intraspecific morphological variation. As a result, although five new species have been recognized, three recently described species have proven to be junior synonyms of previously known, but poorly represented, species. Nematopagurus holthuisi McLaughlin & Hogarth and N. pilosus Komai are synonymous with N. gardineri Alcock, while N. shinnyoae Komai is synonymous with N. kosiensis McLaughlin. The range of N. diadema Lewinsohn, reported previously from the Red Sea, the eastern coast of South Africa, and the South China Sea, has been extended to Fiji, while that of N. meiringae McLaughlin, known from eastern South Africa and the South and East China Seas, has been extended to the Philippine Islands. Nematopagurus kosiensis McLaughlin, previously known only from eastern South Africa has been found not only in Japanese waters, but also as far east as the Hawaiian Islands. Species identified by several authors as N. squamichelis Alcock and N. muricatus (Henderson) have been reexamined and correctly reassigned to other taxa. Descriptions and illustrations are presented for all species, together with a key for their recognition.
McLay, Colin L., Ng, Peter K.L., 2004, A taxonomic revision of the genus Paradynomene Sakai, 1963 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Dynomenidae), Zootaxa, 657, 1-24
Résumé [+] [-]The Indo-West Pacific dynomenid genus Paradynomene Sakai, 1963, previously regarded as monotypic, is revised and six species are now recognized, viz. P. tuberculata Sakai, 1963, P. quasimodo n. sp., P. demon n. sp., P. diablo n. sp., P. teufel n. sp. and P. rotunda n. sp.. Most of the species are from deep to relatively deep waters with only one species (P. rotunda) known from shallow water. The species are distinguished by a combination of carapace features, notably carapace shape and height, form of the areolae, and position of major tubercles.
Sirenko, B. I., 2004, The ancient origin and persistence of chitons (Mollusca, Polyplacophora) that live and feed on deep submerged land plant matter (xylophages), Bollettino Malacologico, Supplément 5, 111–116
Résumé [+] [-]There are 23 species of chitons that live and feed on sunken land plant remains. They belong to three genera Ferreiraella, Leptochiton, and Nierstraszella. In the Carboniferous chitons changed their common food on a cellulose several times independently. Most of the species that live on sunken land plants are distributed along the tropical west and east coasts of the Pacific Ocean and in the Caribbean Sea, which was one of the portions of Pantalassa in the past geological ages. All these species of chitons belong to families that have mostly deep water members with generally plesiomorphic morphology. One can assume that the deep waters off southern Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, New Zealand from the western part of Pacific, and off Baja California and the Panama Basin from the eastern Pacific, as well as the Caribbean Sea are all regions where species with primitive character states have accumulated and persisted over geological time. In the future, one would expect a number of other “living fossil” species to be found in these deep water areas of Pantalassa remaining to the present time.
Vilvens, Claude, 2004, Description of four new species of Calliotropis (Gastropoda: Trochidae: Eucyclinae: Calliotropini) from New Caledonia, Fiji and Vanuatu, Novapex, 5, 1, 19-31
Résumé [+] [-]Calliotropis micraulax n. sp., Calliotropis derbiosa n. sp., Calliotropis basileus n. sp. and Calliotropis excelsior n. sp. are described and compared with similar eucyclinid species. Récent Indo-Pacific species belonging to the genus Calliotropis are also listed.
Guinot, Daniele, Quenette, Gwenaël, 2005, The spermatheca in podotreme crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Podotremata) and its phylogenetic implications, Zoosystema, 27, 2, 267-342
Résumé [+] [-]The thoracic sternum of the primitive crabs (Podotremata Guinot, 1977) is strongly modified in females at the level of the sutures 7/8, separating the last two sternites, which corresponds to a secondary specialization of the phragmae 7/8. Thus a paired spermatheca has developed, which is intersegmental, internalized and independent of the female gonopores on the coxae of the third pereopods. This is unique to the Podotremata, being completely distinct from the eubrachyuran seminal receptacle. The spermatheca is reviewed in all members of the Podotremata, in its external aspect and internal structure. Among the Dromiacea, a spermathecal tube becomes specialized in the Homolodromiidae, Dromiinae, and Hypoconchinae, while it is absent in the Dynomenidae and Sphaerodromiinae, suggesting that the Sphaerodromiinae are basal to the Hypoconchinae + Dromiinae and that the Dynomenidae are basal to the remaining dromiaccan families. The phylogenetic implications are discussed, confirming the distinction of two basal clades, Dromiacea and Homolidea, the peculiar organization found in the Cyclodorippidae, Cymonomidae and Phyllotymolinidae, and the special condition of the Raninoidea. The paired spermatheca proves to be the strongest synapomorphy of the Podotremata, including two Cretaceous families. Hypotheses on female sperm storage and functioning of the spermatheca, on male sperm transfer and the role of gonopods in insemination, and on the modalities of fertilization are included. New data on the axial skeleton are provided. The study of the spermatheca, which has considerable systematic value in decapod phylogeny, leads to a discussion of the monophyly of the Brachyura, taking into account the paleontological data.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2005, Revision of the genus Granulifusus Kuroda & Habe 1954, with description of some new species (Gastropoda : Prosobranchia : Fasciolariidae), Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 134, 2, 129-171
doi: 10.1127/arch.moll/0003-9284/134/129-171 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Granulifusus is distributed over the upper continental shelves in the Indo-West Pacific. The 27 species (21 Recent, 6 fossil) are characterized and separated from Fusinus by a granulated surface sculpture, the Recent also by a small round operculum which does not fill the aperture. Fusus (Sipho) libratus Watson 1886 and Latirus staminatus Garrard 1966 are placed in Granulifusus, their transfer based on the above mentioned conchological characteristics and on radular evidence. Granulifusus niponicus (E.A. Smith 1879), G. kiranus Shuto 1958, G. rubrolineatus (Sowerby II 1870), G. staminatus (Garrard 1966) and G. libratus (Watson 1886) were collected during the Musorstom expeditions and the material is extensively reported on. G. bacciballus sp. nov. (North New Caledonia, 444-452 m), G. benjamini sp. nov. (Coral Sea, Chesterfield, 400 m), G. balbus sp. nov. (South New Caledonia, 470 m), G. amoenus sp. nov. (Vanuatu, 480-544 m), G. geometricus sp. nov. (Tonga Islands, 427-436 m), G. monsecourorum sp. nov. (Madagascar, 240 m) and G. babae sp. nov. (Indonesia, Tanimbar Islands, 206-210 m) were also collected by the Musorstom expeditions and are added to this fauna and described as new species. From the collection of the Australian Museum, Sydney (AMS), one additional Recent species (G. lochi sp. nov., Western Australia, 301-310 m) and one fossil species (G. nakasiensis sp. nov., Nakasi Sandstone Beds, Late Pliocene, Fiji) are described. Lots of the remaining 8 species are studied with the exception of G. captivus (E.A. Smith 1899). The remaining 5 fossil species are listed and compared. G. rufinodis (Von Martens 1901) is tentatively regarded as a distinct species and a lectotype is selected.
Kool, Hugo H., 2005, Two new western Pacific deep water species of Nassarius (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Nassariidae): Nassarius herosae sp. nov. and Nassarius vanpeli sp. nov., Gloria Maris, 44, 3-4, 46-54
Résumé [+] [-]During several expeditions by the Museum National d'Histoire Naturel, Paris, two hereby described deep water species of Nassarius were collected.
Norman, Mark D., Hochberg, F.G., 2005, The "Mimic Octopus" (Thaumoctopus mimicus n. gen. et sp.), a new octopus from the tropical Indo-West Pacific (Cephalopoda : Octopodidae), Molluscan Research, 25, 2, 57-70
Résumé [+] [-]In recent years considerable media attention has been focussed on the "Mimic Octopus", an Indo-West Pacific long-armed species which impersonates numerous poisonous or dangerous animals. This distinctive octopus is here described. A combination of unique morphological characters justify this octopus being placed in a new genus. These characters include: absence of a calamus on the copulatory organ, absence of enlarged suckers in either sex; long narrow arms capable of arm autotomy at a set level near the base; and distinctive base components of colour patterns including a white teardrop ring on the mid-dorsal mantle and a distinct white "U" patch on the posterio-dorsal mantle. Thaumoctopus mimicus n. gen. et sp. is reported primarily from the Indo-Malayan Archipelago from New Caledonia to Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. Photographic records from the Red Sea extend the distribution to the western Indian Ocean. This octopus occurs in shallow waters (0.5–37 m) on soft sediment substrates where it is day-active, foraging for small fish and crustaceans. It is delineated from other long-armed genera and species complexes within the genus Octopus. Other undescribed species are flagged as potential members of the new genus Thaumoctopus. Links between habitat preference and the origins of this unique mimicry are explored.
- Peter Castro, 2005, Crabs of the subfamily Ethusinae Guinot, 1977 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Dorippidae) of the Indo-West Pacific region, Zoosystema, 27, 3, 499-600
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Hoffschir, Christian, Chauvin, Céline, Berthault, Claude, 2005, Inventaire des espèces de profondeur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Documents scientifiques et techniques, IRD Nouméa, II6
Résumé [+] [-]A rapid panorama of the deep sea fauna knowledge, deeper than 100 m, is shown, positioning the specific richness and sampling New Caledonia effort in the Indo-Pacific. A detailled presentation of the french exploration oceanographic cruises is done. Since 1984, no less than 1468 benthic samples in the New Caledonia EEZ have been done. All these data are now integrated in the "Océane" database at IRD Center in Noumea. This document give an inventory of 2515 deep sea species from New Caledonia, presented by zoological groups and families by alphabetic order. 1322 new species were described from New Caledonia (52.5%). ln annexe is given: a complete list of references corresponding to the description of this fauna and the list of taxonomists involved (155 scientists from 21 countries); the bathymetric maps of the main seamounts.
Vilvens, Claude, Héros, Virginie, 2005, New species and new records of Danilia (Gastropoda: Chilodontidae) from the western Pacific., Novapex, 6, 3, 53-64
Résumé [+] [-]New records of Danilia species from the West-Pacific are listed. Danilia angulosa n. sp., D. galeata n. sp. and D; discordata n. sp. are described and compared with similar Danilia species. A key to wetern Pacific Danilia species, including the new species, is proposed. the recent worldwide species of Danilia, the number of which reach now therefore 11, are listed with their main distinctive features in an appendix.
Chino, Mitsuo, 2006, A new species of Daphnella (Gastropoda: Conidae) from South-Western Japan and the Western Pacific, Novapex, 7, 1, 17-20
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of a turrid gastropod is described and compared with similar species. The new species has been collected in Japan from Okinawa Prefecture and from Wakayama Prefecture, central Honshu. It has also been taken off Aliguay Island in Northern Mindanao Province, Philippine Islands, and from several localities in the Western Pacific. The nes species has a brown maculate pattern with numerous dark brown spots, a brownfish purple siphonal process and a rather deep, with anal sinus.
Crosnier, Alain, 2006, Penaeopsis Bate, 1881 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) récoltées dans le Pacifique sud-ouest par les campagnes françaises depuis 1976. Description d'une espèce nouvelle, Zoosystema, 28, 2, 331-340
Résumé [+] [-]Penaeopsis (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) collected in the south-west Pacific by French expeditions since 1976. Description of a new species. This work is based on collections made in the south-west Pacific by IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. It deals with four species of Penaeopsis Bate, 188 1: P challengeri de Man, 1911, P eduardoi Perez Farfante, 1977, P rectacuta (Bate, 188 1), and a new species, P mclaughlinae n. sp. Depth zones and geographic distributions of the three known species are revised, especially those of P challengeri. Penaeopsis mclaughlinae n. sp. is closely related to P eduardoi but it is easily distinguished by the more sinuous shape of the distal part of the ventrolateral lobules of the petasma, and the large rounded protuberance on the median plate of the thelycum.
Komai, Tomoyuki, Saito, Tomomi, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Justine, Jean-Lou, 2006, A new genus and two new species of Spongicolidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Stenopodidea) from the South-West Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 24, 193, 265-284
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Globospongicola, is established for two new species of deep-water spongicolid shrimps, G. nudibranchus n. sp. from Indonesia and G. spinulatus n. sp. from Vanuatu and New Caledonia. The new genus is distinctive in having simple gills completely lacking lamellae or filaments, instead of typical trichobranchiate gills in all other species in the family. Furthermore, the reduced armament on the body and third pereopod separates the new genus from Microprosthema, Paraspongicola, and Spongicola; the well-developed exopod of the third maxilliped distinguishes the new genus from Spongicola, Spongicoloides and Spongiocaris. The two new species can be distinguished from one another by the shape and armature of the rostrum, the spination of the carapace, the shape of the sixth abdominal somite, the shape of the antennal scale, and the armament of the third pereopods and pleopods of male.
Komai, Tomoyuki, 2006, A review of the crangonid genus Lissosabinea Christoffersen, 1988 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea), with descriptions of three new species from the western Pacific, Zoosystema, 28, 1, 31-59
Résumé [+] [-]The crangonid genus Lissosabinea Christoffersen, 1988 was established to accommodate two rare deep-water species: Sabinea indica De Man, 1918 and S. tridentata Pequegnat, 1970 (type species). A study of collections made by French expeditions to the western Pacific, supplemented by material from other sources (including types of both known species), has led to a review of the genus. This Study shows that the hypothesis placing Lissosabinea as a sister group of a clade containing three genera: Vercoia, Prionocrangon and Paracrangon, was derived from an insufficient character analysis. Lissosabinea appears most closely related to Sabinea, as suggested by the original generic assignment of the two known species. Lissosabinea maintains full generic status, as the species referred to the genus are clearly differentiated from the three species assigned to Sabinea by a number of morphological characters. Three new species of Lissosabinea are described: L. armata n. sp. from New Caledonia; L. ecarina n. sp. from the Philippines and Indonesia, and L. unispinosa n. sp. from New Caledonia and Tonga. The two known species are redescribed, and L. indica is newly recorded from New Caledonia. The bathymetric and geographic ranges of the species are briefly discussed. A key to the identification of the species of the genus is presented.
Li, Xinzheng, Bruce, Alexander J., 2006, Further Indo-West Pacific palaemonoid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonoidea), principally from the New Caledonian region, Journal of Natural History, 40, 11-12, 611-738
doi: 10.1080/00222930600763627 Résumé [+] [-]Based on the material deposited in the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, collected from the Indo-West Pacific, principally from the New Caledonian region, the present paper reports 117 palaemonoid shrimp species, which belong, respectively, to Anchistioididae ( one genus, one species), Gnathophyllidae ( one genus, one species), Palaemonidae Palaemoninae ( seven genera, nine species), and Palaemonidae Pontoniinae ( 30 genera, 106 species), including eight new species. The new species are all Pontoniinae: Mesopontonia brevicarpalis sp. nov., Palaemonella komaii sp. nov., Periclimenes crosnieri sp. nov., Periclimenes forgesi sp. nov., Periclimenes loyautensis sp. nov., Periclimenes paralcocki sp. nov., Periclimenes paraleator sp. nov., and Periclimenes pseudalcocki sp. nov. The last six new species are members of the deep-water "Periclimenes alcocki species complex'', which has more than two ( usually four) pairs of dorsolateral telson spines anterior to the posterior telson margin, the cornea is usually reduced, the dactyl of the major second chela is generally flanged and the chela is sometimes covered with small tubercles. The complex is usually found at more than 200m depth in the West Pacific. The species can be distinguished from each other by the armature of ambulatory propod and dactyl, diameter of cornea, rostrum shape and the number of pairs of dorsolateral telson spines. Mesopontonia brevicarpalis sp. nov., from the southeast coast of Africa, is the seventh species of the genus. Palaemonella komaii sp. nov. is very similar to Palaemonella dolichodactylus Bruce, 1991 and Palaemonella hachijo Okuno, 1999. These three species share the features of very long and slender ambulatory pereiopods with the dactyl more than eight times longer than its basal depth and with several long setae on the dorsal dactylar margin.
Lin, Feng-Jiau, 2006, Two New Axioids (Decapoda: Thalassinidea) from New Caledonia, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 26, 2, 234-241
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Axioidea were found amongst the deep-sea material recently collected from New Caledonia. Meticonaxius dentatus sp. nov. is unique among members of the genus by the presence of the teeth on the rostrum and the merus of the large cheliped. Oxyrhynchaxius tricarinatus sp. nov. is the third species known in the genus and is unique in bearing three dorsal ridges on the abdome
Poutiers, Jean-Maurice, 2006, Two new species of protocardiine cockles (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Cardiidae) from the tropical Southwest Pacific, Zoosystema, 28, 3, 635-654
Résumé [+] [-]The two new species described in this paper are widely distributed in the tropical south-western Pacific; they have been found on the upper continental shelf of the area, around New Caledonia, westward to Chesterfield Islands and Lord Howe Ridge, southward to northern part of Norfolk Ridge, north- and eastward to Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga islands. They belong to two often confused genera of subfamily Protocardiinae (sensu Keen 1980), Frigidocardium Habe, 1951 and Microcardium Th iele, 1934, that are briefly characterized herein. Frigidocardium valdentatum n. sp. is characterized by the peculiar sculpture of mid-posterior slope ending in strongly dentate margin. Frigidocardium kirana is a similar species with lower outer sculpture, more asymmetrical shape and rather strong umbonoventral fold; it is first recorded here from the tropical Southwest Pacific and Mascarene islands. Diagnostic features of Microcardium trapezoidale n. sp. include rather high trapezoidal shape and posterior sculptural area extending on 2/5 of shell length, with an anterior limit almost parallel to radial ribs in the adult and well-developed, non lamellous sculpture in the rib interstices. A comparative review of all Recent Microcardium species in the Indo-West Pacific is given, to place the new species in the context of the genus. Five Microcardium species are presently known in this area: M. gilchristi from southern Africa, M. simillimum n. comb. (for Cardium (Fragum) simillimum) from Sri Lanka and Mascarene Plateau, M. sakuraii from Japan and the Philippines (new record), M. aequiliratum from the Philippines, and M. tenuilamellosum from the Philippines and Solomon Islands (new record).
Snyder, Martin Avery, Hadorn, Roland, 2006, A new bathyal Fusinus (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) from New Caledonia, Zootaxa, 1311, 1-12
Résumé [+] [-]A new bathyal species of Fusinus is described from New Caledonia. Fusinus laviniae new species is distinguished from other New Caledonia Fusinus by its long siphonal canal and angular sculpture. This new species is compared to F. colus (Linnaeus, 1758), F. nicobaricus (Roding, 1798), F. nobilis ( Reeve, 1847), F. salisburyi Fulton, 1930, F. similis (Baird, 1873), and F. undatus, (Gmelin, 1791). A range extension for F. nobilis to New Caledonia is noted.
Snyder, Martin Avery, Bouchet, Philippe, 2006, New species and new records of deep-water Fusolatirus (Neogastropoda: Fasciolariidae) from the West Pacific, Journal of Conchology, 39, 1, 1-12
Résumé [+] [-]The neogastropod fasciolariid genus Fusolatirus Kuroda & Habe, 1971, is redescribed based on shell and radula characters Fourteen species are tentatively placed in the genus, nine of them for the first time, all front moderately deep water (50-300 meters) in the tropical Indo-West Pacific. Additional species currently placed in Latirus or Peristernia may also be referable to Fusolatirus when the range of shell and radula characters are better understood. However, Eve do not regard as congeneric Fusolatirus kurodai (Okutani & Sakurai, 1964) nor Fusolatirus kuroseanus Okutani, 1975. Fusolatirus luteus n. sp. and Fusolatirus pachyus n. sp., both from the New Caledonia area, are described. Latirus cloveri Snyder, 2003 [June] is a new synonym of Euthria suduirauti Fraussen, 2003 [April], originally described as a buccinid and here referred to Fusolatirus. The ranges of Fusolatirus balicasagensis (Bozzetti, 1997), F kandai (Kuroda, 1950), and F. rikae (Fraussen, 2003), earlier known only from Japan and/or the Philippines, are extended to the South Pacific.
Vilvens, Claude, Maestrati, Philippe, 2006, New records and three new species of Thysanodonta (Gastropoda: Calliostomatidae: Thysanodontinae) from New Caledonia, Novapex, 7, 1, 1-11
Résumé [+] [-]New records of Thysanodonta from New Caledonia area are listed. Thysanodonta diadema n. sp., T. pileum n. sp. and T. cassis n. sp. are described and compared with similar Thysanodonta species from New Caledonia that are also illustrated. Seven Thysanodonta species are recognised by now in New Caledonia, a eighth species occuring in the neighbouring Chesterfield Islands.
Castro P., 2007, A reappraisal of the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) and revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, with the description of 10 new genera and 18 new species, Zoosystema, 29, 4, 609-774
Résumé [+] [-]A reappraisal of the taxonomy of the brachyuran crabs belonging to the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 sensu lato has resulted in the revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, which combines the subfamilies Goneplacinae MacLeay, 1838 and Carcinoplacinae H. Milne Edwards, 1852. Most of the 66 species of Goneplacinae sensu stricto that are listed herein inhabit relatively deep water and are infrequently collected. The subfamily Goneplacinae sensu stricto now consists of 17 genera of which 10 are being described as new: Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, with 18 species of which four are new; Entricoplax n. gen., monotypic; Exopheticus n. gen., with two species; Goneplacoides n. gen., monotypic; Goneplax Leach, 1814, with four species; Hadroplax n. gen., monotypic; Menoplax n. gen., monotypic; Microgoneplax n. gen., with five species of which four are new; Neogoneplax n. gen., with three species of which two are new; Neommatocarcinus Takeda & Miyake, 1969, monotypic; Notonyx A. Milne-Edwards, 1873, with three species; Ommatocarcinus White, 1852, with four species; Paragoneplax n. gen., monotypic; Psopheticus Wood-Mason, 1892, with four species; Pycnoplax n. gen., with five species of which one is new; Singhaplax Serene & Soh, 1976, with seven species of which four are new; and Thyraplax n. gen., with five species of which three are new. All goneplacine genera are exclusive to the Indo-West Pacific region (plus contiguous temperate areas) except Goneplax, which is so far known mostly from the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions. Four nominal species described by other authors were found to be junior subjective synonyms for other species: Carcinoplax verdensis Rathbun, 1914 and C polita Guinot, 1989 synonymous of C specularis Rathbun, 1914; Goneplax megalops Komatsu & Takeda, 2003 of Goneplacoides marivenae (Komatsu & Takeda, 2003) n. comb.; and Psopheticus insolitus Guinot, 1990 of P stridulans Wood-Mason, 1892.
Fraussen, Koen, Kantor, Yuri I., Hadorn, Roland, 2007, Amiantofusus gen. nov. for Fusus amiantus Dall, 1889 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) with description of a new extensive Indo-West Pacific radiation, Novapex, 8, 3-4, 79-101
Résumé [+] [-]In the present paper we describe the new genus Amiantofusus gen. nov. to accommodate the Atlantic species Fusus amiantus Dall, 1889. The genus belongs to Fasciolariidae and this family is confirmed as distinct from Buccinidae, based on anatomical differences. We add an Indo-West Pacific fauna of seven species described as new to science: miantofusus pacificus sp. nov. (North Fiji Basin, New Caledonia, southern Coral Sea, south West Pacific), A. gloriabundus sp. nov. (North Fiji Basin, Vitiaz Zone), A. sebalis sp. nov. (New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, Vanuatu), A. candoris sp. nov. (Chesterfield Islands, Fairway), A. maestratii sp. nov. (New Caledonia), A. borbonica sp. nov. (Reunion) and A. cartilago sp. nov. (Mozambique Channel). In addition we add two unnamed species: A. species 1 (North Fiji Basin) and A. species 2 (Vanuatu). Fusus thielei Schepman, 1911 is briefly discussed, the generic placement is still uncertain.
- Jones, Diana S., 2007, The Cirripedia of New Caledonia, Compendium of marine species from New Caledonia : second edition, Documents scientifiques et techniques, II7, 289-294
Kantor, Yuri I., Bouchet, Philippe, 2007, Out of Australia: Belloliva (Neogastropoda: Olividae) in the Coral Sea and New Caledonia, American Malacological Bulletin, 22, 1, 27-73
O’Hara, Timothy D., 2007, Seamounts: centres of endemism or species richness for ophiuroids?, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16, 6, 720-732
Vidal, Jacques, Kirkendale, Lisa, 2007, Ten new species of Cardiidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) from New Caledonia and the tropical western Pacific, Zoosystema, 29, 1, 83-107
Résumé [+] [-]The fauna of the tropical Indo-west Pacific is exceptionally diverse but poorly known with even relatively well-studied faunal components yielding new species after careful study, novel approaches (e.g., delineation of cryptic species via molecular analyses) and/or rigorous collection efforts. In an attempt to quantify the biodiversity of the western Pacific molluscan fauna, comprehensive, systematic collecting expeditions have been made since 1978, with a focus on New Caledonia. Building on earlier studies of cardiids from the western Pacific, we report one new genus of cardiid (Pseudofulvia n. gen.) and 10 new cardiid taxa from the area: Acrosterigma capricorne n. sp., Fulvia (Fulvia) colorata n. sp., F. (F.) vepris n. sp., F. (Laevifulvia) subquadrata n. sp., F. (L.) imperfecta n. sp., Pseudofulvia caledonica n. gen., n. sp., P. arago n. gen., n. sp., Ctenocardia gustavi n. sp., C. fi jianum n. sp., C. (Microfragum) subfestivum n. sp. The new species are easily differentiated from conspecifics in details of hinge, dentition, lunular shape and area, rib number and/or rib ornamentation, but often diff er in gross morphological features, such as coloration, shape and size as well. Ctenocardia gustavi n. sp., C. (Microfragum) subfestivum n. sp. and Pseudofulvia caledonica n. gen., n. sp. are relatively large-bodied, with a wide distribution throughout the western Pacifi c. In contrast, Acrosterigma capricorne n. sp. and Pseudofulvia arago n. gen., n. sp. are known only from the Austral Islands and considering the intensive collecting efforts in the region, they appear restricted in their distributions.
Vilvens, Claude, 2007, New species and new records of Calliotropis (Gastropoda: Chilodontidae: Calliotropinae) from Indo-Pacific., Novapex, 8, H.S. 5, 1-72
Résumé [+] [-]New records of 25 Calliotropis species from the Indo-Pacific area are listed, extending the distribution area of some of them. 30 new species and 1 new subspecies are described and compared with similar Calliotropis species : C. conoeides n. sp.; C. helix n. sp.; C. cynee n. sp.; C. chalkeie n. sp.; C. ptykte n. sp.; C. solomonensis n. sp.; C. pistis n. sp.; C. echidnoides n. sp.; C. cycloeides n. sp.; C. pyramoeides n. sp.; C. coopertorium n. sp.; C. asphales n. sp.; C. nux n. sp.; C. oros n. sp.; C. oros marquisensis n. ssp.; C. zone n. sp.; C. hysterea n. sp.; C. stegos n. sp.; C. oregmene n. sp.; C. cooperculum n. sp.; C. keras n. sp.; C. denticulus n. sp.; C. dicrous n. sp.; C. rostrum n. sp.; C. pheidole n. sp.; C. siphaios n. sp.; C. nomisma n. sp.; C. nomismasimilis n. sp.; C. elephas n. sp.; C. ostrideslithos n. sp.; C. trieres n. sp.
Beu, Alan G., Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Recent deep-water Cassidae of the world. A revision of Galeodea, Oocorys, Sconsia, Echinophoria and relatedtaxa, with new genera and species (Mollusca, Gastropoda), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 269-387
Résumé [+] [-]Shell, radular, opercular and external anatomical characters are surveyed in world Recent deep-water Cassidae, leading to the recognition of three subfamilies: Cassinae, Oocorythinae and Phaliinae. All Recent species are revised of Galeodea Link, 1807 (=Galeoocorys Kuroda & Habe, 1957), Microsconsia n. gen. and Sconsia Gray, 1847, all included in subfamily Cassinae; of Oocorys Fischer, 1883 (= Benthodolium Verrill & Smith, 1884, = Hadroocorys Quinn, 1980), Eucorys n. gen. (including Oocorys bartschi Rehder, 1943 and O. barbouri Clench & Aguayo, 1939) and Dalium Dall, 1889, all included in subfamily Oocorythinae; and of Echinophoria Sacco, 1890, included in subfamily Phaliinae. New species named are Galeodea plauta n. sp. (northwestern New Zealand), Microsconsia limpusi n. sp. (southeastern Queensland, Australia), and Oocorys grandis n. sp. (central Indian Ocean, and southeastern Atlantic, off Namibia). Galeodea bituminata (Martin, 1933) (based on a Pliocene fossil from Buton Island, Indonesia) is an earlier name for G. echinophorella Habe, 1961; G. carolimartini Beets, 1943 is another earlier name for G. echinophorella. The name usually accepted for the type species of Sconsia, S. striata (Lamarck, 1816), is a junior secondary homonym of S. striata (J. Sowerby, 1812) and the valid name for this species is S. grayi (A. Adams, 1855). Echinophoria kurodai Abbott, 1968 was based on small specimens of E. wyvillei (Watson, 1886), and E. oschei Mühlhäusser, 1992 was based on Indian Ocean specimens of E. wyvillei. Echinophoria carnosa Kuroda & Habe, 1961 is limited to southern Japan to the Philippine Islands.
Bouchet, Philippe, Petit, Richard E., 2008, New species and new records of southwest Pacific Cancellariidae (Gastropoda), The Nautilus, 122, 1, 1-18
Résumé [+] [-]Fifteen species of Cancellariidae referable to the genera Zeadmete, Admetula, Fusiaphera, Nipponaphera, and Trigonostoma are reported from depths between 200 and 700 m in New Caledonia and other island groups in the southwest Pacific. Twelve are new species: Zeadmete bathyomon new species, Zeadmete physomon new species, Zeadmete bilix new species, Admetula affluens new species, Admetula marshalli new species, Admetula bathynoma new species, Admetula lutea new species, Admetula emarginata new species, Nipponaphera argo new species, Nipponaphera agastor new species, Nipponaphera tuba new species, and Trigonostoma tryblium new species. All the Recent nominal species of Fusiaphera described from localities throughout the Indo-Pacific area Lire considered to be conspecific, the senior name being Fusiaphera macrospira (Adams and Reeve, 1.850), now with ten synonyms. The ranges of Nipponaphera nodosivaricosa (Petuch, 1.979) and Trigonostoma thysthlon Petit and Harasewych, 1987, are extended to the South Pacific.
BOYER, Franck, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, The genus Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 (Caenogastropoda: Marginellidae) in New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 389-436
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty five species attributed to Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 are recognized from the bathyal zone of New Caledonia. Four of these, S. beatrix (Cossignani, 2001), S. tuii (Cossignani, 2001), S. stylaster (Boyer, 2001) and S. boucheti (Boyer, 2001), were previously described in other genera, and 31 other species are here described as new. This series of 35 Serrata species from New Caledonia increases fi ve-fold the Recent specifi c diversity recognized in the genus. The diversity of Serrata species from New Caledonia is inferred to be very partially known, based on the fact that 31% of the identifi ed species are represented in the collections by only one specimen and that 51% were collected at only single stations. The important Serrata fauna documented here has an asymmetrical geographical distribution in New Caledonia, the highest diversity of species being found off far southern New Caledonia and on the northern Norfolk Ridge. The Serrata fauna from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Ridge and the Norfolk Ridge appears to be isolated in the southwest Pacifi c, but it has affi nities with several species occurring in the fossil or Recent fauna of Australia and New Zealand. The fossil distribution of Serrata extends from the Eocene of Alabama to the Pliocene of New Zealand. The distribution of the genus in the Recent seems to be restricted mostly to the southern Indo-Pacifi c latitudes from Cape Agulhas to the Tuamotu Islands, with maximum diversity from the Australian Platform to the Norfolk and New Caledonia Ridges. The fossil genera Euryentome Cossmann, 1899 and Conuginella Laseron, 1957 and the Recent genera Deviginella Laseron, 1957 and Serrataginella Coovert & Coovert, 1995 are proposed as junior synonyms of Serrata. Marginella anatina Lea, 1833 is used instead of Euryentome silabra Palmer, 1937 as the valid name for the type species of the genus Euryentome. The fossil genus Strombiginella Laseron, 1957 is placed in synonymy with the recent genus Hydroginella Laseron, 1957. Serrata and Hydroginella do not seem more closely related to each other than they are to Volvarina-Prunum or to the Austroginella and Dentimargo groups. The “Serrata Group” sensu Coovert & Coovert 1995, composed of Hydroginella, Serrata and 3 synonymous genera, is rejected as being a possibly polyphyletic assemblage. The high disparity in the specifi c shell morphologies of Serrata, the frequent combination of features found as typical in Volvarina and Dentimargo in the Recent, the occurrence of many morphological intergrades between these genera since the Mid-Eocene of the western Tethys sea, and the higher specifi c frequency of the plesiomorphic character of a radula with numerous cusps, together suggest that the genus Serrata may be situated near the base of the common stem from which most of the Recent groups of the Volvarina-Dentimargo complex have differentiated.
Fedesov, Alexander E., Kantor, Yuri I., 2008, Toxoglossan gastropods of the subfamily Crassispirinae (Turridae) lacking a radula, and a discussion of the status of the subfamily Zemaciinae, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 74, 1, 27-35
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eym042 Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Horaiclavus, lacking radula, venom gland and proboscis, are described. The genus is placed in the subfamily Crassispirinae (Turridae). Both species possess a peculiar foregut structure, the muscular rhynchodaeal outgrowth situated in the rhynchocoel. The possible function of the rhynchodaeal outgrowth is discussed. Other studied species of Horaiclavus possess a radula of a typical ‘crassispirine’ type but lack the outgrowth. The anatomy of the foregut of the new species is superficially similar to that of Zemacies excelsa (Turridae: Zemaciinae), which also possesses an additional structure of the rhynchocoel, namely the ‘pyriform gland’. Conchologically, there is no resemblance between Zemacies and Horaiclavus and it is concluded that similar foregut arrangement appeared independently in both lineages. A new monotypic subfamily Zemaciinae was erected mostly on the basis of the unique foregut arrangement of Zemacies excelsa. We express doubts concerning the importance of these characters in establishing a new taxon of subfamilial rank and therefore the validity of the subfamily Zemaciinae.
Kawai, Toshio, Amaoka, Kunio, Séret, Bernard, 2008, Samariscus multiradiatus, a new dextral flounder (Pleuronectiformes: Samaridae) from New Caledonia, Ichthyological Research, 55, 1, 17-21
doi: 10.1007/s10228-007-0001-6 Résumé [+] [-]A new dextral flounder, Samariscus multiradiatus, is described from six specimens (four males and two females) collected in deep waters (296–430 m) around New Caledonia. The species is easily distinguished from its 16 congeners in having a combination of 85–91 dorsal fin rays, 67–72 anal fin rays, 5 pectoral fin rays, and 9 abdominal and 34–35 caudal vertebrae.
Kitahara, Marcelo V., Cairns, Stephen D., 2008, New records of the genus Crispatotrochus (Scleractinia; Caryophylliidae) from New Caledonia, with description of a new species, Zootaxa, 1940, 1, 59–68
Résumé [+] [-]During the expeditions Bathus 4 and Norfolk 2 off New Caledonia, three species pertaining to the genus Crispatotrochus were collected: C. rubescens, C. rugosus, and C. septumdentatus sp. nov. This study presents the new records describing and illustrating all species. Also, citation synonyms, type locality, type material, and distribution are provided. A brief revision of the 13 valid Recent species belonging to this genus (plus C. sp. Cf. C. cornu and C. sp. A) and an identification key are proposed.
Komai, Tomoyuki, 2008, A world-wide review of species of the deep-water crangonid genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea), with descriptions of ten new species, Zoosystema, 30, 2, 261-332
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Decapoda, Caridea, Crangonidae) from the world oceans is presented. This Study is based on the large collection obtained during French expeditions in the eastern Atlantic, western Indian, and tropical western and southern Pacific oceans, and on additional material from various museums and institutions in the world. Eighteen species, including ten new species, are divided in two informal species groups, P. gracilis (Smith, 1882) group and P modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906) group. The first group contains I I species: P. gracilis (type species of the genus), P abyssi (Smith, 1884), P. junceus (Bate, 1888), P. profundus (Bate, 1888), P occidentalis (Faxon, 1893), P talismani (Crosnier & Forest, 1973), P cornutus n. sp., P cyrton n. sp., P difficilis n. sp., P. geminus n. sp. and P. longirostris n. sp. The second group contains seven species: P. modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906), P. demani (Chace, 1984), P caledonicus n. sp., P. juxta n. sp., P. psyllus n. sp., P. sibogae n. sp. and P. stenorhinus in. sp. Six taxa originally described as full species by their authors and occasionally treated as subspecies, viz. P. gracilis, P abyssi, P. junceus, P. profundus, P occidentalis, and P talismani, are here maintained as full species because of the existence of morphological differences and of the partial overlap of geographical or bathymetrical ranges. All species are diagnosed or rediagnosed, and illustrated. Synonymies of Pontophilus challengeri Ortmann, 1893 with Parapontophilus abyssi and of Pontophilus occidentalis var. indica de Man, 1918 with Parapontophilus junceus were con firmed. A key to aid in the identification of all Parapontophilus species is given, although it should be used with caution because of intraspecific variations exhibited by many of the species. Bathymetrical and geographical distributions of species are also summarized. All but P. sibogae n. sp. are exclusively found at more than 200 in depth, and particularly three species, P. abyssi, P occidentalis, and P talismani, occur at abyssal depths exceeding 3000 m. Parapontophilus sibogae inhabits shallow water, recorded at depth of I I m in the type locality. Two species, P gracilis and P talismani, appear restricted to the Atlantic Ocean, although widely distributed there. Three species, P abyssi, P longirostris n. sp., and P. juxta n. sp. occur in the Indian Ocean; P abyssi is also widely distributed in the Atlantic and P longirostris extends to the central Pacific. Parapontophilus occidentalis appears restricted to the eastern Pacific. Other species are distributed in the range of the western Pacific to French Polynesia.
Lozouet, Pierre, Maestrati, Philippe, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, A quarter-century of deep-sea malacological exploration in the South and West Pacific: Where do we stand? How far to go?, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]The Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD, formerly ORSTOM) and Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) launched in the early 1980s a suite of oceanographic expeditions to sample the deep-water benthos of the tropical South and West Pacific, with emphasis on the 100-1,500 m bathymetric zone. This paper reviews the development of this programme to date. It describes the procedures involved in curating the material collected and the involvement of an international network of taxonomic experts to identify, describe and name the molluscan fauna. So far, 1,028 species of molluscs have been recorded from the New Caledonia Exclusive Economic Zone from depths below 100 m, and 601 of these (58.4%) were new species. An additional 142 new species have been described from other South Pacifi c island groups (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Tonga, Marquesas Islands and Austral Islands). However, the hyper-diverse families have essentially remained untouched. Regional differences among island groups are high, and New Caledonia, which has been sampled best, shows several discrete areas of micro-endemism. We speculate that the deep-sea mollusc fauna of New Caledonia may amount to 15-20,000 species, and the corresponding number for the whole South Pacifi c may be in the order of 20-30,000 species.
Oliverio, Marco, 2008, Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the Marquesas Islands, Journal of Conchology, 39, 5, 569-584
Résumé [+] [-]Fourteen species of Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda, Muricidae) have been identified in the material collecled by the MUSORSTOM 9 expedition to the Marquesas Islands. This coralliophiline fauna appears severely impoverished, compared to other West Pacifie areas. At least half of the species (seven) are members of the shallow water fauna, an unusual pattern for the prevalently deep water coralliophilines, which may indicate an increase with depth of the effects of marginality on benthie faunas. One new species Coralliophila nukuhiva n. sp. is here described.
Oliverio, Marco, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 481-585
Résumé [+] [-]This is a regional revision of the Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacifi c, based on the material collected during recent expeditions to New Caledonia (including the Coral Sea, mainland New Caledonia, and the Loyalty Islands), Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji and Tonga. It is the fi rst revision of a tropical coralliophiline fauna based on large and extensive sampling, and it yielded a total of 97 coralliophiline species, 13 of them new: Coralliophila candidissima n. sp., C. bathus n. sp., C. norfolk n. sp., C. xenophila n. sp., C. cancellarioidea n. sp., Babelomurex natalabies n. sp., B. pallox n. sp., B. depressispiratus n. sp., B. macrocephalus n. sp., Hirtomurex marshalli n. sp., Mipus tonganus n. sp., M. alis n. sp., and M. boucheti n. sp. A lectotype is selected for Purpura monodonta Blainville, 1832. In addition, this survey resulted in new biogeographical records for 37 species from the southwest Pacifi c fauna. Regional endemicity may be as high as 17.5% (17 out of 97 species). The protoconchs of 47 species are fi gured by SEM. At least 68 species have planktotrophic development, while 10 species are probably lecithotrophic, either with a short pelagic phase or with a totally intracapsular develoment.
Saito, Tomomi, Komai, Tomoyuki, 2008, A review of species of the genera Spongicola de Haan, 1844 and Paraspongicola de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Stenopodidea, Spongicolidae), Zoosystema, 30, 1, 87-147
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the deep-sea sponge-associated shrimp genera Spongicola de Haan, 1844 and Paraspongicola de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981 (Decapoda, Stenopodidea) is presented on the basis of rich collections made by French expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific, supplemented by collections preserved in various institutions in the world. Seven species are recognized in Spongicola, of which three are new to science: S. venustus de Haan, 1844, S. andamanicus Alcock, 1901, S. levigatus Hayashi & Ogawa, 1987, S. parvispinus Zarenkov, 1990, S. depressus n. sp. from Loyalty Islands, S. goyi n. sp. from Japan, Indonesia, New Caledonia and Vanuatu, and S. robustus n. sp. from Mauritius and Mozambique. Subspecific division of S. andamanicus Alcock, 190 1, proposed by de Saint Laurenr & Cleva (198 1), is abandoned, since our morphological analysis strongly suggests that the division does not reflect a population structure of the species; S. holthuisi de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 198 1, is also reduced to a junior synonym of S. andamanicus. Two species are recognized in Paraspongicola, both previously described, viz. P. pusillus de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981 and P. inflatus (de saint Laurent & Cleva, 198 1) n. comb., of which the latter is here transferred from Spongicola. Keys in aid for identification are provided for each genus. Geographic and bathymetric distributions of species are briefly discussed. Association with host sponges was verified for some species.
Scarabino, Victor, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, New species and new records of scaphopods from New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 215-268
Résumé [+] [-]Previous work that recorded 75 species of Scaphopoda in New Caledonian waters is augmented with study of new material from several expeditions. The number of species in the region is increased to 115. Of the 40 additional taxa, 28 are described as new, 7 are new records and 5 remain unidentifi ed. Material from New Caledonia previously identifi ed as Antalis phaneum (Dall, 1895) is now determined as A. albatrossae n. sp.; material previously identifi ed as Compressidentalium sedecimcostatum (Boissevain, 1906) is now determined as C. clathratum (Martens, 1881); Episiphon virgula (Hedley, 1903), formerly treated as a synonym of Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883, is revalidated; material previously identifi ed as Entalina mirifi ca (Smith, 1895) is now determined as E. dorsicostata Lamprell & Healy, 1998; Fissidentalium transversostriatum (Boissevain, 1906), previously synonymized with F. shoplandi (Jousseaume, 1894), is revalidated and the material previously reported from New Caledonia as the latter in fact belongs to the former. New synonyms: Episiphon jamiesoni Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with Gadilina insolita (Smith, 1894); Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883 and D. bisinuatum André, 1896 are synonymized with Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767); Laevidentalium arnoldi Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with L. houbricki Scarabino, 1995; Bathoxiphus steineri Lamprell & Healy, 1998 and B. stanisici Lamprell & Healy, 1998 are synonymized with Solenoxiphus striatulus Chistikov, 1983. New records from the New Caledonian region: Striodentalium thetidis (Hedley, 1903), Fissidentalium waterhousae Lamprell & Healy, 1998, Calliodentalium crocinum (Dall, 1907), Gadilina pachypleura (Boissevain, 1906), Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767), Laevidentalium (?) sominium Okutani, 1964, Megaentalina mediocarinata (Boissevain, 1906).
Simone, Luiz Ricardo L., Cunha, Carlo M., 2008, Supplementary data for a recent revision of the genus Spinosipella (Bivalvia, Septibranchia), Strombus, 15, 1, 8-14
Résumé [+] [-]A supplementary list of material examined is provided, completing the list given in a recently published paper revising the genus Spinosipella worldwide (Simone & Cunha, 2008). Most of the material belongs to the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Sirenko, Boris I., Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Bathyal chitons (Mollusca, Polyplacophora) from off New Caledonia and Vanuatu: families Callochitonidae, Ischnochitonidae and Loricidae, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 41-75
Résumé [+] [-]Study of deep-water chitons from around New Caledonia and Vanuatu has revealed 35 species, of which 25 species were identified to species and 10 only to genus. This article includes 7 new records for this area of which 4 are described as new species: Ischnochiton crassus Kaas, 1985, Stenosemus robustus Kaas, 1991, S. herosae n. sp., Connexochiton discernibilis Kaas, 1991, Loricella vanbellei n. sp., L. eernissei n. sp. and L. dellangeloi n. sp. In addition, Vermichiton vermiculus Kaas, 1991 is reviewed. Based on available biogeographic data it is proposed that Loricella originated off South Australia during the Oligocene, in a time of global cooling. Later, Loricella extended its range north up to Taiwan and east to Tonga, most likely remaining in the bathyal zone. These new discoveries add to the already high diversity and high proportion of endemics known from this region, and a speculative interpretation of these patterns is offered in conclusion.
Valdés, Ángel, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Deep-sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs (Gastropoda) from the tropical southwest Pacific, Tropical Deep Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 587-792
Résumé [+] [-]One hundred and twenty-one species of deep sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs belonging to the genera Acteon, Crenilabium, Obrussena, Rictaxis, Japonacteon, Maxacteon, Bullina, Diaphana, Toledonia, Cylichna, Scaphander, Sabatia, Roxania, Cylichnium, Acteocina, Truncacteocina, Philine, Retusa, Pyrunculus, Volvulella, Relichna, Micratys, Gastropteron, Aglaja and Philinopsis are reported from the tropical southwest Pacifi c. Thirty-nine of these species are new: Acteon ionfasciatus, Acteon chrystomatus, Rictaxis sanguinea, Japonacteon longissimus, “Acteon” editus, “Acteon” buccinus, “Acteon” ringiculoides, “Acteon” boteroi, “Acteon” loyautensis, “Acteon” rhektos, “Acteon” profundus, “Acteon” osexiguus, “Acteon” aphyodes, “Acteon” herosae, “Acteon” comptus, “Acteon” chauliodous, “Acteon” cohibilis, Bullina rubropunctata, Toledonia neocaledonica, Toledonia epongensis, Cylichna tanyumphalos, Cylichna grovesi, Sabatia pyriformis, Roxania smithae, Cylichnium mucronatum, Cylichnium nanum, Acteocina lata, Philine habei, Philine babai, Philine abyssicola, Retusa diaphana, Retusa insolita, Retusa lenis, Retusa abyssicola, Retusa trunca, Volvulella onoae, Volvulella multistriata, Relichna hadra and Micratys wareni. A previously described species, Acteon aequatorialis, is included in the new genus Bathyacteon. Three species are assigned provisionally to already described species until more material becomes available: Acteon cf. nakayamai, Maxacteon cf. kawamurai, “Acteon” laetus. Thirty-eight species remain unnamed because of the absence of adequate information, but the shells are illustrated. Most species are described based on conchological data. Fourteen species of Acteonidae and two of Retusidae are provisionally assigned to the artifi cial taxa “Acteon” and “Retusidae” until anatomical data become available. The present collecting effort in the southwest Pacifi c has produced large numbers of previously undocumented species. The largest number of species was found in the area comprising the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna, which is probably a consequence of a greater collecting effort. The list of species refl ects a high degree of endemism in the deep sea fauna from the southwest Pacifi c. Only a few widespread Indo-Pacific species have been found in the deep sea. It also appears that there is some sort of isolation between the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna region and the Philippines and Indonesia region, which is refl ected in the small number of species shared between these two areas. Most species of “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs studied here have broad bathymetric ranges compared to other groups of opisthobranchs, which may be a result of a higher ecological adaptability of this group, or may be an artifact caused by transport of empty shells. When only specimens collected alive are considered, the bathymetric ranges of most species are considerably narrower. Most species studied are exclusively found in the deep sea, but a small number of shallow water species have been recorded here for the fi rst time in deep waters. When the ranges of empty shells are examined there appears to be a turnover of “cephalaspidean” heterobranch species at about 1000-1200 m depth and a blurry transition between shallow waters and the deep sea. When only specimens collected alive are considered, there is a sharp boundary at about 200 m that clearly separates the shallow water and the deep sea faunas. “Cephalaspidean” heterobranch species are more common relative to other groups of opisthobranchs in deep waters than in shallow waters, but this result may be an artefact caused by the collecting techniques.
- Ahyong, Shane T., Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, The Cymonomidae of the Philippines (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura), with descriptions of four new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 233-246
Castro P., 2009, Two new species of Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, and Pycnoplax Castro, 2007, from the western Pacific, and a description of the female of Thyraplax truncata Castro, 2007 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Goneplacidae), Zoosystema, 31, 4, 949-957
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species belonging to the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) are described from the western Pacific Ocean. The first belongs to Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, the second to Pycnoplax Castro, 2007. The new species of Corcinoplax is distinguished from the 18 known species of the genus by the morphologies of the first male pleopods and outer orbital and anterolateral teeth; the new species of Pycnoplax is distinguished from the five known species of the genus by the morphology of the first and second male pleopods and the granular carapace. A female specimen of a third goneplacid, Thyraplax truncata Castro, 2007, which was previously known only from male specimens, is also described. The characters of the two new species further confirm that in the Goneplacidae s.s. the morphology of the external reproductive structures rather than that of the carapace are far more reliable in showing phylogenetic relationships among supraspecific taxa.
Kitahara, Marcelo V., Cairns, Stephen D., 2009, A revision of the genus Deltocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (Scleractinia, Caryophylliidae) from New Caledonia, with the description of a new species, Zoosystema, 31, 2, 233–248
Résumé [+] [-]Based on part of the material collected during the HALIPRO 1, BATHUS 3, BATHUS 4, and NORFOLK 2 expeditions by the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris off New Caledonia, 10 species of scleractinian corals belonging to the genus Deltocyathus were identified: D. magnifi cus, D. rotulus, D. suluensis, D. vaughani, D. ornatus, D. heteroclitus, D. corrugatus, D. crassiseptum, D. cameratus and D. inusitatus n. sp. These 10 species are fully described and illustrated, their distributional and bathymetric ranges are given. A brief history and an identification key for all species belonging to this genus are provided.
Kool, Hugo H., 2009, Nassarius alabasteroides n. sp., a new nassariid species from the tropical South Pacific Ocean (Gastropoda: Nassariidae), Miscellanea Malacologica, 3, 5, 97-100
Résumé [+] [-]A new deepwater species, Nassarius alabasteroides n. sp., is described from New Caledonia, the Chesterfield Islands and Vanuatu. It has been collected during several expeditions of the MNHN, Paris.
- Lorenz F., Fehse D., 2009, The living Ovulidae: a manual of the families of allied cowries: Ovulidae, Pediculariidae and Eocypraeidae., ConchBooks
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Lemaitre, Rafael, 2009, A new classification for the Pylochelidae (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) and descriptions of new taxa, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 159-231
Résumé [+] [-]A new classification is presented based on the results of the recently completed cladistic analysis of the Pylochelidae. The subfamilies Pylochelinae and Pomatochelinae are retained, the latter with the genera Pylocheles and Cheiroplatea; however, the subgenera Xylocheles and Bathycheles are elevated to generic rank together with the nominal subgenus Pylocheles. In addition, one new species, B. phenax, is described in Bathycheles and B. profundus is shown to be conspecific with B. integer. The subfamilies Parapylochelinae, Cancellochelinae, Trizochelinae, and Mixtopagurinae are reduced to ranks of tribes and included in the subfamily Trizochelinae. A new genus Forestocheles is proposed in the tribe Trizochelini. Within the genus Trizocheles, subspecific rank for T. spinosus bathamae is deemed unjustified and this taxon is placed in synonymy with the nominal subspecies T spinosus spinosus. The correct identity of Trizocheles balssi is established and the species mistakenly thought to represent that taxon is described as T. hoensonae, new species. Trizocheles gracilis is found to be conspecific with T. boasi and an additional new species, T. mendanai, is added to the genus. The superfamilial ranks of Cheiroplateoidea, Pomatocheloidea, Pylocheloidea, and Cancellocheloidea proposed by Watabe (2007) are rejected, as is Birgusoidea.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, On the Majoid genera Oxypleurodon Miers, 1886, and Sphenocarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1875 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Epialtidae), with descriptions of two new genera and five new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 247-266
Résumé [+] [-]On the basis of fresh collections from various parts of the western Pacific, three species of majoid crabs previously considered as rare are redescribed and figured: Oxypleurodon bidens (Sakai, 1969), O. auritum (Rathbun, 1916) and O. coralliophilum (Takeda, 1980). Four new species are described: O. boholense from the Philippines, O. barazeri and O. parallelum front the Solomon Islands, and O. alaini from New Caledonia. A new genus and new species, Stegopleurodon planirostrum, is described from New Caledonia and Vanuatu. The two species currently assigned to the allied American genus Sphenocarcinus A. Milne-Edwards, 1875, are re-examined, and a new genus, Rhinocarcinus. is established for the Pacific species Sphenocarcinus agassizi Rathbun, 1893.
Cabezas, Patricia, Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2010, Taxonomic revision of the genus Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae): a morphological and molecular approach., Zootaxa, 2712, 1-60
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Paramunida belongs to the family Galatheidae, one of the most species rich families among anomuran decapod crustaceans. In spite of the genus has received substantial taxonomic attention, subtle morphological variations observed in numerous samples suggest the existence of undescribed species. The examination of many specimens collected during recent expeditions and morphological and molecular comparisons with previously described species have revelaled the existence of eleven new lineages. All of them are distinguished by subtle and constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences reported for the mitochondrial markers ND1 and 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species, providing brief redescriptions for the previously known species, and a dichotomous identification key for all species in the genus.
Kawai, Toshio, Amaoka, Kunio, Séret, Bernard, 2010, A new righteye flounder, Poecilopsetta multiradiata (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes: Poecilopsettidae), from New Zealand and New Caledonia (South-West Pacific), Ichthyological Research, 57, 2, 193-198
doi: 10.1007/s10228-010-0153-7 Résumé [+] [-]A new righteye flounder, Poecilopsetta multiradiata, is described from eight specimens (two males and six females) collected from deep waters (336–408 m) around New Zealand and New Caledonia (South-West Pacific). This new species is distinguished from its 14 congeners by the following combination of characters: high numbers of dorsal (70–73) and anal (58–62) fin rays, ca. 85–99 lateral-line scales, 31–32 caudal vertebrae, and a relatively shallow body depth of 36.9–41.9% SL.
Kitahara, Marcelo V., Cairns, Stephen D., Miller, David J., 2010, Monophyletic origin of Caryophyllia (Scleractinia, Caryophylliidae), with descriptions of six new species, Systematics and Biodiversity, 8, 1, 91-118
doi: 10.1080/14772000903571088 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1816 is the most diverse genus within the azooxanthellate Scleractinia comprising 66 Recent species and a purported 195 nominal fossil species. Examination of part of the deep-sea scleractinian collection made by the Paris Museum off New Caledonia and part of the material collected by CSIRO off Australian waters revealed the occurrence of 23 species of Caryophyllia, of which six are new to science. All new records, including the new species, are described, and synonyms, distribution, type locality, type material and illustration are provided for each species. An identification key to all Recent species of Caryophyllia is presented. In addition, the validity of the genus Caryophyllia was investigated by phylogenetic analyses of a dataset consisting of partial mitochondrial 16S rRNA sequences from 12 species assigned to this genus together with seven species representing some of the most morphologically similar caryophylliid genera, and 14 non-caryophyllid species representing 14 scleractinian families. Irrespective of the method of analysis employed, all of the Caryophyllia species formed a well-supported clade together with Dasmosmilia lymani and Crispatotrochus rugosus. Although based on a subset of the Recent Caryophyllia species, these results are consistent with Caryophyllia being a valid genus, but call for a reexamination of Dasmosmilia and Crispatotrochus.
Macpherson, Enrique, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Schnabel, Kareen, Samadi, Sarah, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Garcia-Rubies, Antoni, 2010, Biogeography of the deep-sea galatheid squat lobsters of the Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 57, 2, 228-238
doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.11.002 Résumé [+] [-]We analyzed the distribution patterns of the galatheid squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) of the Pacific Ocean. We used the presence/absence data of 402 species along the continental slope and continental rise (200-2000 m) obtained from 54 cruises carried out in areas around the Philippines, Indonesia, Solomon, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna and French Polynesia. The total number of stations was ca. 3200. We also used published data from other expeditions carried out in the Pacific waters, and from an exhaustive search of ca. 600 papers on the taxonomy and biogeography of Pacific species. We studied the existence of biogeographic provinces using multivariate analyses, and present data on latitudinal and longitudinal patterns of species richness, rate of endemism and the relationship between body sizes with the size of the geographic ranges. Latitudinal species richness along the Western and Eastern Pacific exhibited an increase from higher latitudes towards the Equator. Longitudinal species richness decreased considerably from the Western to the Central Pacific. Size frequency distribution for body size was strongly shifted toward small sizes and endemic species were significantly smaller than non-endemics. This study concludes that a clear separation exists between the moderately poor galatheid fauna of the Eastern Pacific and the rich Western and Central Pacific faunas. Our results also show that the highest numbers of squat lobsters are found in the Coral Sea (Solomon-Vanuatu-New Caledonia islands) and Indo-Malay-Philippines archipelago (IMPA). The distribution of endemism along the Pacific Ocean indicates that there are several major centres of diversity, e.g. Coral Sea, IMPA, New Zealand and French Polynesia. The high proportion of endemism in these areas suggests that they have evolved independently. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
O’Hara, Timothy D., Tittensor, Derek P., 2010, Environmental drivers of ophiuroid species richness on seamounts: Ophiuroid seamount species richness, Marine Ecology, 31, Suppl. 1, 26-38
Peñas, Anselmo, Rolán, Emilio, Gofas, Serge, 2010, Deep water Pyramidelloidea of the Tropical South Pacific: Turbonilla and related genera, Tropical Deep Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 26, 200
Résumé [+] [-]This paper reports on deep water Pyramidellidae from the tropical South Pacific, collected during the Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos expeditions conducted by IRD and MNHN in New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, and French Polynesian, and deals more specifically with those species that can be included in the tribe Turbonillini. Since the different genera have not been thoroughly revised at the present time and there is no certainty about their validity, we have employed only the genus name Turbonilla in a broad sense. In total, 272 species are studied, of which 30 were already known, 33 were too poorly represented to be named and are presented as sp., and 209 are described as new to science. There is a clear decrease in species richness from the Solomon Islands (202 species) eastwards to Fiji (82 species), New Caledonia (85 species), Vanuatu (31 species), Tonga (11 species) and the Marquesas (7 species). Replacement names are proposed for Turbonilla gracilis (A. Adams, 1854) non Turbo gracilis Brocchi, 1814, and Exesilla sulcata Laseron, 1959, non Odostomia sulcata Garrett, 1873, both secondary homonyms in Turbonilla. New taxonomic opinions in this work are the following: Turbonilla theresa Thiele, 1925 and Pyrgiscus mirandus Saurin, 1959 are considered synonyms of Turbonilla funiculata de Folin, 1868; Odontostomia robusta Hedley, 1899, Turbonilla microscopica Laseron, 1959, and Turbonilla (Pyrgostelis) manorae Melvill, 1898 are considered synonyms of Turbonilla mumia (A. Adams, 1861); Turbonilla decussata Pease, 1861, T. elongata Pease, 1868, Proto cornelliana Newcomb, 1870, Chemnitzia coppingeri E. A Smith, 1884, Turbonilla (Lancella) bella Dall & Bartsch, 1906, and Turbonilla (Lancella) vitiensis Pilsbry, 1917 are considered synonyms of Turbonilla varicosa (A. Adams, 1855); Elusa secunda Saurin, 1959 is a synonym of Turbonilla ovalis de Folin, 1868; Turbonilla multigyrata Dunker, 1882 is a synonym of T. candida A. Adams, 1855; Turbonilla lydia Thiele, 1925 is a synonym of Turbonilla crystallina Dall & Bartsch, 1906.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., Sysoev, Alexander V., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2011, A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77, 3, 273-308
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyr017 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus-level classification of the Conoidea is presented, based on the molecular phylogeny of Puillandre et al. in the accompanying paper. Fifteen lineages are recognized and ranked as families to facilitate continuity in the treatment of the names Conidae (for 'cones') and Terebridae in their traditional usage. The hitherto polyphyletic 'Turridae' is now resolved as 13 monophyletic families, in which the 358 currently recognized genera and subgenera are placed, or tentatively allocated: Conorbidae (2 (sub) genera), Borsoniidae (34), Clathurellidae (21), Mitromorphidae (8), Mangeliidae (60), Raphitomidae (71), Cochlespiridae (9), Drilliidae (34), Pseudomelatomidae (=Crassispiridae) (59), Clavatulidae (14), Horaiclavidae new family (28), Turridae s. s. (16) and Strictispiridae (2). A diagnosis with description of the shell and radulae is provided for each of these families.
Kawai, Toshio, Amaoka, Kunio, Séret, Bernard, 2011, Samariscus neocaledonia, a new righteye flounder (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes: Samaridae) from New Caledonia, Zootaxa, 3135, 63-68
Résumé [+] [-]A new righteye flounder, Samariscus neocaledonia sp. nov., is described on the basis of two specimens collected in deep waters (244–278 m) around New Caledonia. The new species is easily distinguished from its 18 congeners in having a combination of 78–81 dorsal fin rays, 62–65 anal fin rays, five pectoral fin rays, ca. 55–62 lateral line scales, and 10 abdominal and 31–32 caudal vertebrae.
Laurent, Elodie, 2011, Caractérisation et cartographie du substrat des fonds marins de la Zone Economique Exclusive de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Sud-ouest Pacifique)
Résumé [+] [-]La caractérisation du substrat des fonds marins est une première étape fondamentale pour la prédiction des habitats benthiques, la gestion des ressources biologiques ou encore l’inventaire des ressources minérales. Ce travail est d’autant plus essentiel lorsque l’on traite la Zone Economique Exclusive (ZEE) de Nouvelle-Calédonie considérée, à l’échelle globale, comme une des régions les plus riches en termes de biodiversité marine. Ce stage, qui a pour but de cartographier la nature des fonds de la ZEE, s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet de mise en place d’une politique de « gestion intégrée de l’Espace maritime de la Nouvelle-Calédonie ». La méthodologie employée pour répondre à cet objectif a consisté à traiter l’ensemble des données d’imagerie acoustique acquises pour la plupart au cours des campagnes ZoNéCo et à les corréler aux prélèvements disponibles. Ce travail a permis de réaliser la carte de réflectivité des fonds marins couvrant 34 % de la ZEE et la mise à jour de la base de données des prélèvements comptabilisant aujourd’hui plus de 880 échantillons. L'examen approfondi de ces nouvelles données a permis de créer une classification adaptée à la Nouvelle-Calédonie s'inspirant des normes européennes EUNIS. Au final, deux cartes ont été produites : (i) une carte présentant la dureté des fonds marins de la ZEE et (ii) une carte présentant la nature et le type de substrat de la ZEE. Ces nouveaux résultats révèlent la présence de grands ensembles sédimentaires et la découverte de nouvelles structures géologiques. Sur un plan appliqué, ce travail a amélioré la connaissance des ressources minérales de la ZEE et a permis de créer les couches d’informations utiles aux futurs travaux de prédiction des habitats benthiques marins. Il a enfin été l’occasion de dresser des préconisations visant à réduire les incertitudes et orienter les travaux futurs.
O'Hara, Timothy D., Rowden, Ashley A., Bax, Nicholas J., 2011, A Southern Hemisphere Bathyal Fauna Is Distributed in Latitudinal Bands, Current Biology, 21, 3, 226-230
doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2011.01.002 Résumé [+] [-]The large-scale spatial distribution of seafloor fauna is still poorly understood. In particular, the bathyal zone has been identified as the key depth stratum requiring further macro- ecological research [ 1 ], particularly in the Southern Hemi- sphere [ 2 ]. Here we analyze a large biological data set derived from 295 research expeditions, across an equator- to-pole sector of the Indian, Pacific, and Southern oceans, to show that the bathyal ophiuroid fauna is distributed in three broad latitudinal bands and not primarily differentiated by oceanic basins as previously assumed. Adjacent faunas form transitional ecoclines rather than biogeographical breaks. This pattern is similar to that in shallow water despite the order-of-magnitude reduction in the variability of environmental parameters at bathyal depths. A reliable biogeography is fundamental to establishing a representative network of marine reserves across the world’s oceans [1, 3].
Cabezas, Patricia, Sanmartín, Isabel, Paulay, Gustav, Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2012, Deep under the sea: unraveling the evolutionary history of the deep-sea squat lobster Paramunida (Decapoda, Munididae), Evolution, 66, 6, 1878-1896
doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01560.x Résumé [+] [-]The diversification of Indo-Pacific marine fauna has long captivated the attention of evolutionary biologists. Previous studies have mainly focused on coral reef or shallow water-associated taxa. Here, we present the first attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary historyphylogeny, diversification, and biogeographyof a deep-water lineage. We sequenced the molecular markers 16S, COI, ND1, 18S, and 28S for nearly 80% of the nominal species of the squat lobster genus Paramunida. Analyses of the molecular phylogeny revealed an accelerated diversification in the late OligoceneMiocene followed by a slowdown in the rate of lineage accumulation over time. A parametric biogeographical reconstruction showed the importance of the southwest Pacific area, specifically the island arc of Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis, and Futuna, for diversification of squat lobsters, probably associated with the global warming, high tectonic activity, and changes in oceanic currents that took place in this region during the OligoceneMiocene period. These results add strong evidence to the hypothesis that the Neogene was a period of major diversification for marine organisms in both shallow and deep waters.
Cairns, Stephen, Kitahara, Marcelo, 2012, An illustrated key to the genera and subgenera of the Recent azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa), with an attached glossary, ZooKeys, 227, 1-47
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.227.3612 Résumé [+] [-]The 120 presently recognized genera and seven subgenera of the azooxanthellate Scleractinia are keyed using gross morphological characters of the corallum. All genera are illustrated with calicular and side views of coralla. All termes used in the key are defined in an illustrated glossary. A table of all species-level keys, both comprehensive and faunistic, is provided covering the last 40 years.
Geiger, Daniel L., Marshall, Bruce A., 2012, New species of Scissurellidae, Anatomidae, and Larocheidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) from New Zealand and beyond, Zootaxa, 3344, 1-33
Résumé [+] [-]Thirteen new species of Scissurellidae (Scissurella regalis n. sp., Sinezona mechanica n. sp., Sinezona platyspira n. sp., Sinezona enigmatica n. sp., Sinezona wanganellica n. sp., Satondella azonata n. sp., Satondella bicristata n. sp.), Anatomidae (Anatoma amydra n. sp., Anatoma kopua n. sp., Anatoma megascutula n. sp., Anatoma tangaroa n. sp.), and Larocheidae (Larochea spirata n. sp., Larocheopsis macrostoma n. sp.) are described, all of which occur in New Zealand waters. The greatest geographic source of new taxa is the islands and underwater features off northern New Zealand. The new shell-morphological term "sutsel" is introduced for the area between the SUTure and the SELenizone.
Houart, Roland, 2012, The Timbellus richeri complex (Gastropoda: Muricidae) in the southwest Pacific, Novapex, 13, 3-4, 91-101
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Timbellus are described from the Coral Sea and the New Caledonia region with extension to Fiji, Tonga and the Kermadec Islands for one species. Both species are compared to T. richeri (Houart, 1987) and T. vespertilio (Kuroda, 1959). Nine species of the genus Timbellus are recorded from the Coral Sea and the New Caledonia region. Ouly one, T. bilobatus n. sp. Is known from other localities in the Indo-West Pacific province.
Macpherson, Enrique, 2012, New deep-sea squat lobsters of the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Decapoda, Galatheidae) from Vanuatu and New Caledonia, Zoosystema, 34, 2, 409-427
doi: 10.5252/z2012n2a13 Résumé [+] [-]During two cruises to Vanuatu, MUSORSTOM 8 (September-October 1994) and SANTO 2006 (September-October 2006), numerous specimens of deep-sea galatheids belonging to the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 were collected. The specimens were caught at stations at depths between 180 and 702 m. These collections contain five new species (G. barbellata n. sp., G. echinata n. sp., G. profunda n. sp., G. raventosae n. sp. and G. sanctae n. sp.), all of which are also found in other collections obtained by French cruises to New Caledonia. Galathea barbellata n. sp., G. echinata n. sp. and G. profunda n. sp. are closely related to G. robusta Baba, 1990, from Madagascar, G. raventosae n. sp. resembles G. consobrina De Man, 1902, from Indonesia, the Philippines, South China Sea and SW Australia, and G. sanctae n. sp. is very close to G. multilineata Balss, 1913, from Japan, East China Sea, Taiwan and the Philippines.
ter Poorten, Jan Johan, 2012, Fulvia (Fulvia) nienkeae spec. nov., a new Fulvia from the Central Indo-West Pacific (Bivalvia, Cardiidae), Basteria, 76, 4-6, 117-125
Résumé [+] [-]Fulvia (Fulvia) nienkeae spec. nov. (Cardiidae) is described from various localities in the Central Indo-West Pacific. It is compared with the similar, sympatric Fulvia (Fulvia) australis (G.B. Sowerby II, 1834) and with the Pliocene Fulvia (Fulvia) tegalense (Oostingh, 1934) comb. Nov.
Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, Stomatopoda collected primarily by the Philippine AURORA expedition (Crustacea, Squilloidea), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 85-106
Résumé [+] [-]Stomatopod Crustacea of the superfamily Squilloidea collected primarily by the Philippine AURORA expedition are reported. One family, nine genera and 15 species are reported, of which one genus and two species are new to science. The new genus, Triasquilla n. gen., comprising two new species, belongs to the “Meiosquilla” group within Squillidae and is most closely allied to Schmittius Manning, 1972, from the eastern Pacific and Squilloides Manning, 1968, from the Indo-West Pacific. Anchisquilla fasciaticauda Liu & Wang, 1998, Cloridina chlorida (Brooks, 1886), Harpiosquilla sinensis Liu & Wang, 1998, Neclorida miersi (Manning, 1968) and Quollastria ornata (Manning, 1971) are reported from the Philippines for the first time. The study is supplemented by additional material of the new species described herein collected from various Indo-West Pacific localities by other deep-sea expeditions to the Philippines, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Western Australia.
Bamber, Roger N., 2013, Deep-water Pycnogonida from recent cruises to Papua New Guinea and Melanesia, with an appendix of new records from Polynesia and descriptions of five new species, Zoosystema, 35, 2, 195-214
doi: 10.5252/z2013n2a5 Résumé [+] [-]Deep-sea pycnogonid material collected during the N/O Alis Campagnes SalomonBOA 3 to the Solomon Islands in 2007, Terasses to New Caledonia in 2008, Tarasoc to the Tuamoto Archipelago and Tarava Seamounts in 2009, Biopapua to Papua New Guinea in 2010, and Exbodi to New Caledonia in 2011, has been analyzed. This includes the first collection of deep-sea pycnogonids from the waters of Papua New Guinea. The material includes 71 specimens from 14 species in seven genera. Most are frequently-recorded species of the genus Colossendeis, but there are also four species new to science, Ascorhynchus quartogibbus n. sp., Cilunculus roni n. sp., Phoxichilidium alis n. sp., Pycnogonum papua n. sp. A specimen from New Caledonia, identified by Stock in 1997 as Pycnogonum occa Loman, 1908, but not figured or described, has been re-examined, and found also to be a distinct species, Pycnogonum staplesi n. sp.
Diaz De Astarloa, Juan M., Causse, Romain, Pruvost, Patrice, 2013, New dextral flounder Samariscus hexaradiatus sp. nov.(Samaridae, Pleuronectiformes) from the Solomon Islands, south-west Pacific Ocean, Cybium, 37, 4, 241–246
Résumé [+] [-]A new right eyed flounder, Samariscus hexaradiatus, is described on the basis of two specimens collected from the Solomon Islands, southwestern Pacific Ocean, at depths of 135-325 m. The new species is distinguished from other species of the genus by the following characters: 6 pectoral-fin rays; 82 dorsal-fin rays and 60-62 anal-fin rays; 9 abdominal vertebrae and 32 caudal vertebrae; presence of ctenoid scales on the interorbital space and high number (74-75) of lateral-line scales. Ocular side of body light brown with four and three distinguishable horseshoe-shaped spots along margins of both dorsal and ventral profiles, respectively. Two indistinct dusky blotches on the lateral line, one situated before the distal end part of the pectoral fin when flattened posteriorly, the other placed near the last one-third of the body length. Two distinct black spots placed on the upper and lower margins of the caudal peduncle at the posterior end of the dorsal and anal fins, respectively. Pectoral fin with dark pigmentation. Dorsal and anal fins dusky brown near the proximal and distal ends of the fin-rays, respectively, and with distinct series of small dusky spots on the medial parts the fin-rays.
Houart, Roland, 2013, Description of two new species of Trophoninae s.l. and Typhinae (Gastropoda: Muricidae) from New Caledonia and comments on Litozamia Iredale, 1929 and Siphonochelus Jousseaume, 1880., Venus, 71, 1-2, 1-11
Résumé [+] [-]Litozamia acares n. sp. and Siphonochelus (Trubatsa) wolffi n. sp. are described from New Caledonia. The radula and the operculum of Litozamia acares are illustrated and described. The classification of Litozamia in Trophoninae is maintained awaiting molecular data to either confirm or modify this decision. Litozamia longior (Verco, 1909) is reinstated as a valid species. The use of the subgenus Choreotyphis Iredale, 1936 is reinstated in Siphonochelus for a single species from eastern Australia, based on differences in shell morphology.
Houart, Roland, 2013, The genus Daphnellopsis (Gastropoda: Muricidae) in the Recent and quaternary of the Indo-West Pacific province., Journal of Conchology, 41, 4, 465-480
Résumé [+] [-]The muricid genus Daphnellopsis Schepman 1913 is revised and maintained in the subfamily Ergalataxinae, waiting for eventual genetic studies. Six species are included, D. fimbriata (Hinds 1843), D. lamellosa Schepman 1913 (type species), D. hypselos Houart 1995 and three new species described herein: D. lozoueti n. sp.; and D. pinedai n. sp., both from the Quaternary (Upper Pleistocene) of Santo, Vanuatu, and D. lochi n. sp. A Recent species of Western Australia. All the species are described or re-described, illustrated and compared with each other, their geographical range is given and illustrated on a map. The protoconchs of five species are illustrated as well as some details of the shells. A jaw is pointed out for the first time in D. fimbriata and is illustrated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) images.
Lemaitre, Rafael, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin-Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea, Parapaguridae): A worldwide review and summary, with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 311-421
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the deep-water hermit crab species of the genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 from the world oceans is presented. The core specimen base for this study has come primarily from the abundant collections of species of this genus obtained during French campaigns over the last four decades, and complemented with numerous specimens from many other deep-sea expeditions and deposited in various museum holdings around the world. Paragiopagurus is one of the most speciose genus among the Parapaguridae Smith, 1882, although it is considered a phylogenetically heterogeneous assemblage and does not appear to have an apomorphy of its own. Bathymetrically, the species range in depth from 36 to 2034 m, although they occur most frequently between 200 and 1000 m. The species utilize as housing, gastropod shells (or rarely scaphopod shells, siliceous sponges, or hollow pieces of wood) that may or may not be colonized by actinians or zoanthids. In this review, 24 species are recognized, of which five are new, P. laperousei n. sp., P. orthotenes n. sp., P. oxychelos n. sp., P. trilineatus n. sp., and P. umbonatus n. sp. The new species are fully described and illustrated. All previously known species of the genus are diagnosed or redescribed, and previously published illustrations of important taxonomic characters assembled and complemented, when useful, with new illustrations. The treatment of each species includes a full synonymy, materials examined (type and non-types), colouration, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Colour photographs are included for 14 of the species. Parapagurus curvispina de Saint Laurent, 1974, a species tentatively moved after its description to Sympagurus Smith, 1883 and then to Paragiopagurus, is herein transferred with certainty to Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996. Parapagurus spinimanus Balss, 1911, a species that had been incorrectly placed in Paragiopagurus, is herein moved to Sympagurus. Parapagurus sculptochela Zarenkov, 1990, a taxon previously considered a junior synonym of Paragiopagurus boletifer (de Saint Laurent, 1972), is herein resurrected as a valid species of Paragiopagurus. The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Paragiopagurus species are summarized and briefly discussed, including a summary table, graph, and map with generalized distribution patterns.
Ma, Ka Yan, Chu, Ka Hou, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The deep-sea spiny lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palinuridae), with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 191-230
Résumé [+] [-]Recent French deep-sea expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific resulted in the collection of abundant material of the deep-sea lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Palinuridae). Difficulties in identification necessitated a generic revision and as a result, five new species are described, all of which are similar to P. angulatus (Bate, 1888). Puerulus angulatus was thought to have a wide distribution from eastern Africa to Marquesas Islands, but is now restricted to the western Pacific, from Japan to Australia. Of the five new species, P. gibbosus n. sp. is found in eastern Africa, P. mesodontus n. sp. from Japan to Fiji, P. richeri n. sp. from the New Caledonia to Marquesas Islands, while P. sericus n. sp. and P. quadridentis n. sp. mainly occur around New Caledonia. Of the other three previously described species, the distribution of P. velutinus Holthuis, 1963, is extended to Fiji, while P. sewelli Ramadan, 1938, and P. carinatus Borradaile, 1910, are still only known from the northern and western parts of the Indian Ocean, respectively. COI gene sequence differences support the morphological species distinctions.
Taylor, John D., Glover, Emily A., 2013, New lucinid bivalves from shallow and deeper water of the Indian and West Pacific Oceans (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Lucinidae)., ZooKeys, 326, 69-90
Lemaitre, Rafael, 2014, A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Parapaguridae), with descriptions of nine new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62, 210–301
Résumé [+] [-]A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the deep-water hermit crab genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 is presented. This genus, originally defined for 10 species is set apart from other Parapaguridae as well as other Paguroidea, by one synapomorphy: the presence of an upwardly curved epistomial spine. This study is based on a large amount of specimens deposited in major museums and collected during deep-sea sampling across the world oceans since the late 1800s, with the bulk of material coming from French campaigns in the Indo-Pacific, central and south Pacific during the last 40 years. A total of 24 species are recognised in this investigation, nine of which are new and fully described and illustrated. All previously known species are diagnosed or re-described, including figures assembled from recent published accounts or newly illustrated, of the most important morphological features useful for identifi cations. Information for each species includes a synonymy (full or abbreviated if a synonymy has recently been published), material examined (type and non-types), variations when signifi cant, colouration when available, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Rare colour photographs are included for five species. Species of Oncopagurus range in depth from the Continental Shelf (50 m) to the Continental Rise (2308 m), although they are most commonly found in 50–500 m. Individuals of the majority of species in this genus are minute in size (< 3 mm in shield length), species differ in subtle morphological characters, and often exhibit the same broad morphological variations related to sex and size that has been documented in species of other genera of Parapaguridae. Oncopagurus mironovi Zhadan, 1997, a taxon reported from the Nazca and Sala-y-Gómez Ridges, is considered a junior synonym of the widely distributed O. indicus (Alcock, 1905). The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Oncopagurus species are summarised and briefly discussed, complemented with a summary table, graph, and map with generalised distribution patterns. The scant phylogenetic knowledge of this genus is summarised.
- Rubio, Federico, Rolán, Emilio, 2014, The family Tornidae in the tropical Southwest Pacific: the genus Anticlimax Pilsbry & McGinty, 1946 (Gastropoda, Truncatelloidea) with the description of 42 new species, Iberus, Suppl. 6, 1-126
- Wiedrick S., 2014, Review of the genera Otitoma Jousseaume, 1880 and Thelecytharella Shuto, 1969 with the description of two new species (Gastropoda: Conoidea: Pseudomelatomidae) from the southwest Pacific Ocean, The Festivus, 45, 3, 40-53
Anseeuw, Patrick, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utge, José, Bouchet, Philippe, 2015, Perotrochus caledonicus (Gastropoda: Pleurotomariidae) revisited: descriptions of new species from the South-West Pacific, European Journal of Taxonomy, 134, 1-23
Aznar-Cormano, Laetitia, Brisset, J., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utgé, José, Zbinden, M., Zuccon, D., Samadi, S., 2015, An improved taxonomic sampling is a necessary but not sufficient condition for resolving inter-families relationships in Caridean decapods, Genetica, 143, 2, 195-205
doi: 10.1007/s10709-014-9807-0 Résumé [+] [-]During the past decade, a large number of multi-gene analyses aimed at resolving the phylogeneticrelationships within Decapoda. However relationships among families, and even among sub-families, remain poorly defined. Most analyses used an incomplete and opportunistic sampling of species, but also an incomplete and opportunistic gene selection among those available for Decapoda. Here we test in the Caridea if improving the taxonomic coverage following the hierarchical scheme of the classification, as it is currently accepted, provides a better phylogenetic resolution for the inter-families relationships. The rich collections of the Muse´um National d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris are used for sampling as far as possible at least two species of two different genera for each family or subfamily. All potential markers are tested over this sampling. For some coding genes the amplification success varies greatly among taxa and the phylogenetic signal is highly saturated. This result probably explains the taxon-heterogeneity among previously published studies. The analysis is thus restricted to the genes homogeneously amplified over the whole sampling. Thanks to the taxonomic sampling scheme the monophyly of most families is confirmed. However the genes commonly used in Decapoda appear non-adapted for clarifying inter-families relationships, which remain poorly resolved. Genome-wide analyses, like transcriptome-based exon capture facilitated by the new generation sequencing methods might provide a sounder approach to resolve deep and rapid radiations like the Caridea.
- Cairns, Stephen D., 2015, Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata) of the New Caledonian Region - Tropica Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 28, 207
Galea, Horia R., 2015, Two new genera and nine new species of hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from off New Caledonia, European Journal of Taxonomy, 0, 135, 1-19
Macpherson, Enrique, Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, 2015, Species of the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from the Indian and Pacific Oceans, with descriptions of 92 new species, Zootaxa, 3913, 1, 1-335
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3913.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Galathea is one of the most speciose and unwieldy groups in the family Galatheidae. The examination of more than 9000 specimens of 144 species collected in the Indian and Pacific Oceans using morphological and molecular characters, has revealed the existence of 92 new species. The specimens examined during this study were obtained by various French expeditions supplemented by other collections from various sources, and including the type specimens of some previously described species. Most of the new species are distinguished by subtle but constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences of the mitochondrial markers COI and/or 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species and redescribe some previously described species for which earlier accounts are not sufficiently detailed for modern standards. Furthermore we include a dichotomous identification key to all species in the genus from the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
- Tenorio, Manuel J., 2015, A new Profundiconus from northern New Caledonia: Profundiconus zardoyai sp. nov. (Gastropoda, Conilithidae), Xenophora Taxonomy, 6, 38-46
Fraussen, Koen, Stahlschmidt, Peter, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, The extensive Indo-Pacific deep-water radiation of Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 (Gastropoda: Buccinidae) and related genera, with descriptions of 21 new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 363-456
Résumé [+] [-]The tropical deep-water Cominellinae commonly assigned to the genera Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 and Eosipho Thiele, 1929 are revised. While the taxonomic details at the generic level were discussed by Kantor et al. (2013), the species level is discussed here. Twentyone new species are described: Manaria astrolabis n. sp. (French Polynesia), M. borbonica n. sp. (Réunion), M. circumsonaxa n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. corindoni n. sp. (Indonesia), M. corporosis n. sp. (the Solomons, Vanuatu, Coral Sea and New Caledonia), M. explicibilis n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. excalibur n. sp. (Indonesia and Western Australia), M. fluentisona n. sp. (the Solomons, Fiji, Wallis and Tonga), M. hadorni n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia), M. indomaris n. sp. (India), M. loculosa n. sp. (Fiji), M. lozoueti n. sp. (North Fiji Basin), M. terryni n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), M. tongaensis n. sp. (Tonga), M. tyrotarichoides n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), Calagrassor bacciballus n. sp. (Philippines), C. delicatus n. sp. (New Zealand), C. hespericus n. sp. (Mozambique), C. pidginoides n. sp. (Philippines, Papua New Guinea, the Solomons and Vanuatu), Enigmaticolus marshalli n. sp. (Kermadec Ridge, Monowai Caldera), and E. voluptarius n. sp. (New Caledonia). Considerable range extensions are recorded: Manaria kuroharai Azuma, 1960 is recorded from the Solomons, New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Tonga; M. brevicaudata (Schepman, 1911) is recorded from Taiwan, the Philippines, the Solomons and Fiji; and Calagrassor poppei (Fraussen, 2001) is recorded from Indonesia and the Solomons. Lathyrus jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, a fossil described from Indonesia, is recorded from the Recent fauna of Indonesia, Philippines and Fiji and is redescribed and placed in Manaria. Sipho jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, another fossil described from Indonesia in the same work, is a secondary homonym of Manaria jonkeri (Koperberg, 1931) and is renamed Manaria koperbergae nom. nov.
- Monsecour, Kevin, Monsecour, David, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, Deep-water Columbellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 291-362
Ng, Peter K.L., Castro, Peter, 2016, Revision of the family Chasmocarcinidae Serène, 1964 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Goneplacoidea), Zootaxa, 4209, 1, 1-182
- Sirenko, Boris I., Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, New, rare bathyal leptochitons (Mollusca, Polyplacophora) from the South and West Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 25-63
- Vilvens, Claude, Williams, Suzanne T., Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, New genus and new species of Solariellidae (Gastropoda: Trochoidea) from New Caledonia, Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and French Polynesia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 267-289
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX-M. New Triviidae from the New Caledonia and Comments on Dolin's (2001) 'Les Triviidae de l'Indo-Pacifique', Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 150-239
Mah, Christopher L., 2017, Overview of the Ferdina-like Goniasteridae (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) including a new subfamily, three new genera and fourteen new species, Zootaxa, 4271, 1, 1-72
Morassi, Mauro, Nappo, Andrea, Bonfitto, Antonio, 2017, New species of the genus Otitoma Jousseaume, 1898 (Pseudomelatomidae, Conoidea) from the Western Pacific Ocean, European Journal of Taxonomy, 304, 1-30
- Oliver, Joan Daniel, Rolán, Emilio, 2017, A new species of the genus Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) from the Cape Verde archipelago - Una nueva especie del género Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) del archipiélago de Cabo Verde, Iberus, 35, 1, 47-57
- Vilvens, Claude, 2017, New species and new records of Chilodontidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Seguenzioidea) from the Pacific Ocean, Novapex, 18, HS 11, 1-67
Liste des documents
- Cahier de campagne
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- Carte des opération du 5 août 1994 dans le grand Passage
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- Carte des opérations effectuées le 03/08/1994
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Liste des participants
- Borsa, Philippe (Ichtyologue, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Collecte - Tri
- Métivier, Bernard (Malacologiste, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle)
- Collecte - Tri
- Neveu, Cédric (Parasitologue, Institut National de Recherche et Agronomie)
- Collecte - Tri
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand (Carcinologie - Benthologie, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer)
- Chef de mission