Chef de mission
Date et lieu de départMon Apr 12 00:00:00 CEST 1999 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Date et lieu d'arrivéeSat May 15 00:00:00 CEST 1999 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Navire : Alis
La campagne Paléo-Surprise était composée d'un volet "paléoenvironnement" et d'un autre "bioécologie". L'obectif de la première partie de la mission "paléoenvironnement" a été de réaliser des forages courts et profonds sur les platiers des zones récifales des îlots Surprise et du Leizour afin de décrire les faciès holocènes et pléistocènes. La seconde partie "bioécologie" avait pour but de décrire les différents faciès récifaux actuellement rencontrés afin de les comparer aux faciès fossiles précédemment récoltés. Lire la suite
Travaux effectués :
57 opérations ont été réalisées dont 12 forages, qui ne sont pas présentés ici (Cf. rapport de mission), 17 traits de chalut à perche, 10 dragages à la drague Warèn ainsi que 17 plongées. Lire la suite
BOYER, Franck, 2001, Espèces nouvelles de Marginellidae du niveau bathyal de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, Novapex, 2, 4, 157-169
Résumé [+] [-]Ten new species of Marginellidae are described from bathyal levels of New Caledonia and attributed to five different genera. The phyletic relationships dealt with recent or fossil close species are discussed.
Boyko, Christopher B., 2002, A WORLDWIDE REVISION OF THE RECENT AND FOSSIL SAND CRABS OF THE ALBUNEIDAE STIMPSON AND BLEPHARIPODIDAE, NEW FAMILY (CRUSTACEA: DECAPODA: ANOMURA: HIPPOIDEA), Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 272, 1-396
doi: 10.1206/0003-0090(2002)272<0001:AWROTR>2.0.CO;2 Résumé [+] [-]The anomuran sand crab family Albuneidae sensu stricto was previously known worldwide from 41 validly described Recent species in eight genera and four fossil taxa of the genus Albunea. A worldwide revision is presented based on a comprehensive survey of the literature and examination of more than 1700 specimens representing all known species. The state of taxonomic knowledge regarding the Albuneidae is summarized; the family is divided into two new subfamilies; two new genera and six new species of albuneids are described; and new information on species’ ranges and biology is presented. Additionally, the genera Blepharipoda Randall and Lophomastix Benedict are removed from the Albuneidae and placed in a new family, based in part on characters of the gill formula and morphology. This new family contains six Recent species and one fossil taxon. Although there is some doubt about its hippoid affinities, it is retained in the Hippoidea as the most basal taxon, pending further cladistic phylogenetic analyses. Here and there are people with eyes which can see, minds which can correlate. They say to themselves: ‘‘If the science of the day before yesterday is rejected by the people of yesterday, and that of yesterday by us of today, is it not possible that what we call science now will be rejected by the men of tomorrow?’’ And the bravest of them answer, ‘‘It is possible.’’ Wassily Kandinsky, 1911, Concerning the Spiritual in Art
Crosnier, Alain, 2002, Révision du genre Parathranites Miers, 1886 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Portunidae), Zoosystema, 24, 4, 799-825
Résumé [+] [-]Based on rather abundant material from the Indo-West Pacific, the number of species in the genus Parathranites Miers, 1886 is elevated from two to eight. The six new species are P. granosus n. sp., P. tuberosus n. sp., P. tuberogranosus n. sp., P. ponens n. sp., P. intermedius n. sp. and P. parahexagonum n. sp. Examination of the type series of the type species for the genus, P. orientalis Miers, 1886, shows that it contains two species; a lectotype is designated for P. orientalis. The main morphological characters used for differentiating the species are the breadth/length ratio of the carapace (correlated with the length of the fifth anterolateral teeth of the carapace) which can vary from 1.3 to 2.1, the presence or absence of a median tubercle on the posterior part of the cardiac area, the granulation of the carapace and the shape of the first male pleopods. An identification key for members of this genus is proposed.
Holthuis, Lipke Bydeley, 2002, The Indo-Pacific scyllarine lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae), Zoosystema, 24, 3, 499-683
Résumé [+] [-]A revision is provided of the Indo-Pacific species of the subfamily Scyllarinae. All of these species were formerly placed in the genus Scyllarus Fabricius, 1775, but a closer study revealed that several genera could be distinguished within the subfamily. The 13 new genera now recognized in the Indo-Pacific biogeographic region are as follows: Acantharctus n. gen., Antarctus n. gen., Antipodarctus n. gen., Bathyarctus n. gen., Biarctus n. gen., Chelarctus n. gen., Crenarctus n. gen., Eduarctus n. gen., Galearctus n. gen., Gibbularctus n. gen., Petrarctus n. gen., Remiarctus n. gen. and Scammarctus n. gen. Diagnoses and keys are provided for all the genera and their species. New and insufficiently known species have been described extensively, for the others additional morphological details are given. New species are: Bathyarctus chani n. gen., n. sp., B. steatopygus n. gen., n. sp., Petrarctus veliger n. gen., n. sp., Chelarctus crosnieri n. gen., n. sp., Eduarctus pyrrhonotus n. gen., n. sp., E. marginatus n. gen., n. sp., E. perspicillatus n. gen., n. sp. and E. reticulatus n. gen., n. sp. Furthermore efforts were made to provide each species with a complete synonymy, a description of the colour, its biology, habitat and geographical distribution. All the material examined is listed in detail. Where appropriate, remarks are provided on nomenclature, published data on the larval development and other topics.
- Castro, Peter, Williams, Austin B., Cooper, Lara L., 2003, Revision of the family Latreilliidae Stimpson, 1858 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Zoosystema, 25, 4, 601-634
Crosnier A., 2003, Sicyonia (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeoidea, Sicyoniidae) de l’Indo-ouest Pacifique, Zoosystema, 25, 2, 197-348
Résumé [+] [-]This work deals with 31 species of Sicyonia H. Milne Edwards, 1830, based on the collections made by the IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, and on the collections of 28 other museums. Nineteen species are considered valid: S. australiensis Hanamura Wadley, 1998; S. benthophila de Man, 1907; S. bispinosa de Haan, 1850; S. curvirostris Balss, 1913; S. fallax de Man, 1907; S. furcata Miers, 1878; S. inflexa (Kubo, 1949); S. japonica Balss, 1914; S. laevis Bate, 1881; S. lancifer (Olivier, 1811); S. longicauda Rathbun, 1906; S. nasica Burukovsky, 1990; S. ocellata Stimpson, 1860; S. parafallax Crosnier, 1995; S. parvula de Haan, 1850; S. rectirostris de Man, 1907; S. trispinosa de Man, 1907; S. truncata (Kubo, 1949) and S. vitulans (Kubo, 1949). Four species are considered to be synonyms: S. cristata (de Haan, 1844) = S. lancifer; S. formosa (Chan & Yu, 1985) = S. furcata; S. ommanneyi Hall, 1961 = S. ocellata; S. nebulosa Kubo, 1949 = S. laevis. Twelve species are described as new: S. abathophila n. sp., S. adunca n. sp., S. altirostrum n. sp., S. dejouanneti n. sp., S. komai n. sp., S. longicornis n. sp., S. metavitulans n. sp., S. parajaponica n. sp., S. robusta n. sp., S. rocroi n. sp., S. rotunda n. sp. and S. taiwanesis n. sp. Some forms, near S. australiensis and S. dejouanneti n. sp., are mentioned but not named because the material available is insufficient. An attempt is made to classify the Indo-West Pacific species of Sicyonia into eight groups. Some groups are coherent, while others are certainly artificial. Some species cannot be placed in any of the groups and the placement of several species known from one sex only remains hazardous. An identification key is presented. Particular care was taken in illustrating the genitalia, which provide the most important characters for recognizing the species. Colour photographs show the coloration of living specimens of 17 species. Depth zones and geographic distributions of all the species are presented in tabular form. As with previous studies, high species diversity of the Philippines-Indonesia fauna is evident, as well as the reduction of the number of species when one moves away from the area, except for New Caledonian area because of the unusually high h density of the samples collected in this area.
Garcia, Emilio F., 2003, New records of Indo-Pacific Epitoniidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) with the description of nineteen new species, Novapex, Hors-série n° 1, 1-22
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty Indo-Pacific species of Epitoniidae are recorded, with range extensions for Acrilloscala xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903), Amaea gazeoides Kuroda & Habe, 1950, Cirsotrema rugosum (Kuroda & Ito, 1961), Cirsotrema plexis Dall, 1925, Claviscala solar Nakayama, 1995, Cylindriscala humerosa (Schepman, 1909), and Epitonium (Parviscala) bevdeynzerae Garcia, 2001. Nineteen new species are described. These include five species in the genus Amaea: A. apexroseus, A. boucheti, A. diluta, A. elegantula, A lennyi; one species in the genus Boreoscala: Boreoscala ponderosa; three species in the genus Cirsotrema : C (C.) excelsum, C. (Dannevigena) richeri, C. (Discoscala) herosae; two species in the genus Claviscala: C pellisanserina, C. vivienneae; one species in the genus Cylindriscala: Cylindriscala paradoxa; one species in the genus Gregorioiscala: Gregorioiscala nevillei; one species in the genus Gyroscala: Gyroscala Mikeleei; four species in the genus Epitonium: E. (Hirtoscala) deschampsi, E. (Lamelliscala) l11aestratii, E. (Parviscala) kastoroae, and E. (P) juanitae; one species in the genus Periapta: Periapta weili.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., 2004, New Caledonia: The major centre of biodiversity for volutomitrid molluscs (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Volutomitridae), Systematics and Biodiversity, 1, 4, 467-502
doi: 10.1017/S1477200003001282 Résumé [+] [-]Recent deep-sea explorations in the South Pacific have documented around New Caledonia the most diverse fauna of gastropods of the family Volutomitridae anywhere in the world. Fourteen species (nine new, two remaining unnamed) are recorded, all essentially confined to the 250–750 m depth range. The high number of species in the New Caledonia region does not appear to be an effect of sampling intensity, but appears to result from four factors: regional spatial heterogeneity, frequency of hard substrates, syntopy, and a historical heritage shared with Australia and New Zealand, which until now ranked as the major centre of volutomitrid diversity. In the New Caledonia region, volutomitrids show a marked preference for hard bottoms and up to three species may cooccur in the same dredge haul. Many species appear to have extremely narrow geographical distributions within the region (e.g. a single seamount or a single submerged plateau); conversely, Microvoluta joloensis, the only non-endemic volutomitrid present in New Caledonia, ranges from the Mozambique Channel to Tonga.
Kool, Hugo H., 2004, Nassarius olomea Kay, 1979, revalidated (Gastropoda, Caenogastropoda, Nassariidae), Basteria, 68, 21-24
Résumé [+] [-]Contrary to data in the literature, Nassarrius alomea Kay, 1979, has a much wider distribution than only the Hawaiian Islands. It occurs also in parts of the southwestern Pacific. Nassarius alamen and N. crebricostatus (Schepman, 1911) are shown to be separate species.
Lemaitre, Rafael, 2004, A review of Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989 (Crustacea: decapoda: Paguroidea: Parapaguridae), with description of a new species, Scientia Marina, 68, 3, 355-372
Résumé [+] [-]Species of the parapagurid genus Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989 are reviewed based primarily on abundant specimens obtained during French campaigns across the Indo-Pacific region. A new species, S. breviacus, is described. The genus contains two other species, S. gracilipes (A. Milne-Edwards, 1891), the type of the genus, and S. sibogae (de Saint Laurent, 1972). One taxon, Parapagurus kilburni Kensley, 1973, originally described from off eastern Africa, has been found to be a junior synonym of S. sibogae. An updated diagnosis of the genus, and diagnoses and comparative illustrations of all three species, are presented together with a key to aid in their identification. Information on live coloration is provided for S. gracilipes and S. sibogae; live coloration of S. breviacus is not known.
Crosnier, Alain, 2006, Penaeopsis Bate, 1881 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) récoltées dans le Pacifique sud-ouest par les campagnes françaises depuis 1976. Description d'une espèce nouvelle, Zoosystema, 28, 2, 331-340
Résumé [+] [-]Penaeopsis (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) collected in the south-west Pacific by French expeditions since 1976. Description of a new species. This work is based on collections made in the south-west Pacific by IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. It deals with four species of Penaeopsis Bate, 188 1: P challengeri de Man, 1911, P eduardoi Perez Farfante, 1977, P rectacuta (Bate, 188 1), and a new species, P mclaughlinae n. sp. Depth zones and geographic distributions of the three known species are revised, especially those of P challengeri. Penaeopsis mclaughlinae n. sp. is closely related to P eduardoi but it is easily distinguished by the more sinuous shape of the distal part of the ventrolateral lobules of the petasma, and the large rounded protuberance on the median plate of the thelycum.
Li, Xinzheng, Bruce, Alexander J., 2006, Further Indo-West Pacific palaemonoid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonoidea), principally from the New Caledonian region, Journal of Natural History, 40, 11-12, 611-738
doi: 10.1080/00222930600763627 Résumé [+] [-]Based on the material deposited in the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, collected from the Indo-West Pacific, principally from the New Caledonian region, the present paper reports 117 palaemonoid shrimp species, which belong, respectively, to Anchistioididae ( one genus, one species), Gnathophyllidae ( one genus, one species), Palaemonidae Palaemoninae ( seven genera, nine species), and Palaemonidae Pontoniinae ( 30 genera, 106 species), including eight new species. The new species are all Pontoniinae: Mesopontonia brevicarpalis sp. nov., Palaemonella komaii sp. nov., Periclimenes crosnieri sp. nov., Periclimenes forgesi sp. nov., Periclimenes loyautensis sp. nov., Periclimenes paralcocki sp. nov., Periclimenes paraleator sp. nov., and Periclimenes pseudalcocki sp. nov. The last six new species are members of the deep-water "Periclimenes alcocki species complex'', which has more than two ( usually four) pairs of dorsolateral telson spines anterior to the posterior telson margin, the cornea is usually reduced, the dactyl of the major second chela is generally flanged and the chela is sometimes covered with small tubercles. The complex is usually found at more than 200m depth in the West Pacific. The species can be distinguished from each other by the armature of ambulatory propod and dactyl, diameter of cornea, rostrum shape and the number of pairs of dorsolateral telson spines. Mesopontonia brevicarpalis sp. nov., from the southeast coast of Africa, is the seventh species of the genus. Palaemonella komaii sp. nov. is very similar to Palaemonella dolichodactylus Bruce, 1991 and Palaemonella hachijo Okuno, 1999. These three species share the features of very long and slender ambulatory pereiopods with the dactyl more than eight times longer than its basal depth and with several long setae on the dorsal dactylar margin.
Glover, Emily A., Taylor, John D., 2007, Diversity of chemosymbiotic bivalves on coral reefs: Lucinidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) of New Caledonia and Lifou, Zoosystema, 29, 1, 109-181
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty-four species of marine bivalve molluscs of the family Lucinidae are described and illustrated from water depths less than 200 m around New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands and Chesterfield Bank. Most of the bivalves came from three intensively sampled sites: Koumac and Touho on New Caledonia and Lifou in the Loyalty Islands. Eighteen new species are described. Nine new genera (Myrtina n. gen., Poumea n. gen., Solelucina n. gen., Discolucina n. gen., Lepidolucina n. gen., Ferrocina n. gen., Liralucina n. gen., Parvidontia n. gen. And Bretskya n. gen.) include both new and previously described species. Additionally, new descriptions and illustrations of type species are provided for two previously misunderstood genera – Epicodakia Iredale, 1930 and Gonimyrtea Marwick, 1929. The fauna described in this study is the most diverse assemblage of chemosymbiotic bivalves yet recorded.
Kantor, Yuri I., Bouchet, Philippe, 2007, Out of Australia: Belloliva (Neogastropoda: Olividae) in the Coral Sea and New Caledonia, American Malacological Bulletin, 22, 1, 27-73
Poppe, Guido T., Groh, Klaus, Vos, Chris, Terryn, Yves, 2007, The family Tonnidae, A conchological iconography
Résumé [+] [-]Before talking about a largely underestimated and poorly known, yet so beautiful family of Gastropoda, there is an issue which I must attract your attention to. While gathering the necessary information, shells and literature, I often wondered why people still call some of the Tonnidae by the wrong name, despite the sometimes meticulous research done by scientists in the past. Is it because of the often controversial information in the available publications? Is it for lack of decent information? This issue became clear to me when I was looking into the most recent publications on Eudolium such as Piani (1977), Marshall (1992) and Bouchet & Waren (1993). All concluded that what is usually sold as Eudolium pyriforme is in fact Monterosato 's true Eudolium crosseanum. I must say I was a bit shocked to read those papers and see some photographs of the type material. Why were erroneous names still used ifproofwas there, clearly and undoubtedly, to the contrary? It took me a few weeks and a few discussions with Dr Philippe Bouchet and Dr Alan Beu to figure it out, but in the end, the answer is simple: In scientific terms, proof is given by photography and description, and maybe by discussion, but not in such words or language that they are understandable to the untrained reader. Also, such research is often documented in broader publications (e.g. Bouchet & Waren, 1993; Beu, 2005) that don't attract the attention of the advanced amateur or naturalist straight away, and are wrongfully neglected. These works are seldom offered commercially, and thus unjustly remain unknown to the wider public. It is in this respect that works such as the Concho logical Iconography, often written by advanced naturalists, have their true value and Guido Poppe, Klaus Groh and Yves Terryn must be commended for an initiative such as this is an excellent medium to bring science and amateur collecting closer together in an attempt to cover the gap between the two. It is my ambition to give a synoptical overview ofthe existing (described) species, based on my collection of well over 1000 specimens and an ever-increasing library of historical as well as recent publications. Ten years of collecting and studying shells and publications have resulted in what is to follow. I have listed the most important synonyms for each species in order to clarify some of the dubious issues, but the lists are not exhaustive. Although I have many of the old publications through digital photography, I'm sure that there are still many more out there. And even if I was to spend another month in the libraries of, e.g. the BM(NH) or the MNHN, there will still be publications "hidden" somewhere. I mainly concentrate my research on Recent material, whilst a lot has been described in the fossil area as well. For example: recently, Dr Alan Beu discovered that there is an earlier name for what we all know as Eudolium pyriforme (G. B. Sowerby III, 1914), namely Eudolium javanum (Martin, 1879), originally described as the fossil Cassidariajavana from the late Miocene oflndonesia. While researching this, he also discovered names such as Dolhun hochstetteri Martin, 1879 (= Tonna allium (Dillwyn, 1817)) just to give one example. Another issue is interpretation. Many have interpreted, e.g. Adanson's "Le Minjac" in different ways. For one author, it is T. marginata (Philippi, 1845), for another author T. tessellata (Lamarck, 1816). March (1852) even lists it as a full species, D. minjac. In order to clarify such matters, I have tried to compare specimens with type material. This publication should be a solid basis for any future researcher in this family and I do hope you will all find the necessary answers to your basic tun-related questions to start that collection you always wanted to start.
Vilvens, Claude, 2007, New species and new records of Calliotropis (Gastropoda: Chilodontidae: Calliotropinae) from Indo-Pacific., Novapex, 8, H.S. 5, 1-72
Résumé [+] [-]New records of 25 Calliotropis species from the Indo-Pacific area are listed, extending the distribution area of some of them. 30 new species and 1 new subspecies are described and compared with similar Calliotropis species : C. conoeides n. sp.; C. helix n. sp.; C. cynee n. sp.; C. chalkeie n. sp.; C. ptykte n. sp.; C. solomonensis n. sp.; C. pistis n. sp.; C. echidnoides n. sp.; C. cycloeides n. sp.; C. pyramoeides n. sp.; C. coopertorium n. sp.; C. asphales n. sp.; C. nux n. sp.; C. oros n. sp.; C. oros marquisensis n. ssp.; C. zone n. sp.; C. hysterea n. sp.; C. stegos n. sp.; C. oregmene n. sp.; C. cooperculum n. sp.; C. keras n. sp.; C. denticulus n. sp.; C. dicrous n. sp.; C. rostrum n. sp.; C. pheidole n. sp.; C. siphaios n. sp.; C. nomisma n. sp.; C. nomismasimilis n. sp.; C. elephas n. sp.; C. ostrideslithos n. sp.; C. trieres n. sp.
BOYER, Franck, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, The genus Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 (Caenogastropoda: Marginellidae) in New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 389-436
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty five species attributed to Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 are recognized from the bathyal zone of New Caledonia. Four of these, S. beatrix (Cossignani, 2001), S. tuii (Cossignani, 2001), S. stylaster (Boyer, 2001) and S. boucheti (Boyer, 2001), were previously described in other genera, and 31 other species are here described as new. This series of 35 Serrata species from New Caledonia increases fi ve-fold the Recent specifi c diversity recognized in the genus. The diversity of Serrata species from New Caledonia is inferred to be very partially known, based on the fact that 31% of the identifi ed species are represented in the collections by only one specimen and that 51% were collected at only single stations. The important Serrata fauna documented here has an asymmetrical geographical distribution in New Caledonia, the highest diversity of species being found off far southern New Caledonia and on the northern Norfolk Ridge. The Serrata fauna from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Ridge and the Norfolk Ridge appears to be isolated in the southwest Pacifi c, but it has affi nities with several species occurring in the fossil or Recent fauna of Australia and New Zealand. The fossil distribution of Serrata extends from the Eocene of Alabama to the Pliocene of New Zealand. The distribution of the genus in the Recent seems to be restricted mostly to the southern Indo-Pacifi c latitudes from Cape Agulhas to the Tuamotu Islands, with maximum diversity from the Australian Platform to the Norfolk and New Caledonia Ridges. The fossil genera Euryentome Cossmann, 1899 and Conuginella Laseron, 1957 and the Recent genera Deviginella Laseron, 1957 and Serrataginella Coovert & Coovert, 1995 are proposed as junior synonyms of Serrata. Marginella anatina Lea, 1833 is used instead of Euryentome silabra Palmer, 1937 as the valid name for the type species of the genus Euryentome. The fossil genus Strombiginella Laseron, 1957 is placed in synonymy with the recent genus Hydroginella Laseron, 1957. Serrata and Hydroginella do not seem more closely related to each other than they are to Volvarina-Prunum or to the Austroginella and Dentimargo groups. The “Serrata Group” sensu Coovert & Coovert 1995, composed of Hydroginella, Serrata and 3 synonymous genera, is rejected as being a possibly polyphyletic assemblage. The high disparity in the specifi c shell morphologies of Serrata, the frequent combination of features found as typical in Volvarina and Dentimargo in the Recent, the occurrence of many morphological intergrades between these genera since the Mid-Eocene of the western Tethys sea, and the higher specifi c frequency of the plesiomorphic character of a radula with numerous cusps, together suggest that the genus Serrata may be situated near the base of the common stem from which most of the Recent groups of the Volvarina-Dentimargo complex have differentiated.
Lozouet, Pierre, Maestrati, Philippe, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, A quarter-century of deep-sea malacological exploration in the South and West Pacific: Where do we stand? How far to go?, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]The Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD, formerly ORSTOM) and Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) launched in the early 1980s a suite of oceanographic expeditions to sample the deep-water benthos of the tropical South and West Pacific, with emphasis on the 100-1,500 m bathymetric zone. This paper reviews the development of this programme to date. It describes the procedures involved in curating the material collected and the involvement of an international network of taxonomic experts to identify, describe and name the molluscan fauna. So far, 1,028 species of molluscs have been recorded from the New Caledonia Exclusive Economic Zone from depths below 100 m, and 601 of these (58.4%) were new species. An additional 142 new species have been described from other South Pacifi c island groups (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Tonga, Marquesas Islands and Austral Islands). However, the hyper-diverse families have essentially remained untouched. Regional differences among island groups are high, and New Caledonia, which has been sampled best, shows several discrete areas of micro-endemism. We speculate that the deep-sea mollusc fauna of New Caledonia may amount to 15-20,000 species, and the corresponding number for the whole South Pacifi c may be in the order of 20-30,000 species.
Oliverio, Marco, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacific, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 481-585
Résumé [+] [-]This is a regional revision of the Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacifi c, based on the material collected during recent expeditions to New Caledonia (including the Coral Sea, mainland New Caledonia, and the Loyalty Islands), Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji and Tonga. It is the fi rst revision of a tropical coralliophiline fauna based on large and extensive sampling, and it yielded a total of 97 coralliophiline species, 13 of them new: Coralliophila candidissima n. sp., C. bathus n. sp., C. norfolk n. sp., C. xenophila n. sp., C. cancellarioidea n. sp., Babelomurex natalabies n. sp., B. pallox n. sp., B. depressispiratus n. sp., B. macrocephalus n. sp., Hirtomurex marshalli n. sp., Mipus tonganus n. sp., M. alis n. sp., and M. boucheti n. sp. A lectotype is selected for Purpura monodonta Blainville, 1832. In addition, this survey resulted in new biogeographical records for 37 species from the southwest Pacifi c fauna. Regional endemicity may be as high as 17.5% (17 out of 97 species). The protoconchs of 47 species are fi gured by SEM. At least 68 species have planktotrophic development, while 10 species are probably lecithotrophic, either with a short pelagic phase or with a totally intracapsular develoment.
Scarabino, Victor, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, New species and new records of scaphopods from New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 215-268
Résumé [+] [-]Previous work that recorded 75 species of Scaphopoda in New Caledonian waters is augmented with study of new material from several expeditions. The number of species in the region is increased to 115. Of the 40 additional taxa, 28 are described as new, 7 are new records and 5 remain unidentifi ed. Material from New Caledonia previously identifi ed as Antalis phaneum (Dall, 1895) is now determined as A. albatrossae n. sp.; material previously identifi ed as Compressidentalium sedecimcostatum (Boissevain, 1906) is now determined as C. clathratum (Martens, 1881); Episiphon virgula (Hedley, 1903), formerly treated as a synonym of Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883, is revalidated; material previously identifi ed as Entalina mirifi ca (Smith, 1895) is now determined as E. dorsicostata Lamprell & Healy, 1998; Fissidentalium transversostriatum (Boissevain, 1906), previously synonymized with F. shoplandi (Jousseaume, 1894), is revalidated and the material previously reported from New Caledonia as the latter in fact belongs to the former. New synonyms: Episiphon jamiesoni Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with Gadilina insolita (Smith, 1894); Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883 and D. bisinuatum André, 1896 are synonymized with Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767); Laevidentalium arnoldi Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with L. houbricki Scarabino, 1995; Bathoxiphus steineri Lamprell & Healy, 1998 and B. stanisici Lamprell & Healy, 1998 are synonymized with Solenoxiphus striatulus Chistikov, 1983. New records from the New Caledonian region: Striodentalium thetidis (Hedley, 1903), Fissidentalium waterhousae Lamprell & Healy, 1998, Calliodentalium crocinum (Dall, 1907), Gadilina pachypleura (Boissevain, 1906), Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767), Laevidentalium (?) sominium Okutani, 1964, Megaentalina mediocarinata (Boissevain, 1906).
Valdés, Ángel, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Deep-sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs (Gastropoda) from the tropical southwest Pacific, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 587-792
Résumé [+] [-]One hundred and twenty-one species of deep sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs belonging to the genera Acteon, Crenilabium, Obrussena, Rictaxis, Japonacteon, Maxacteon, Bullina, Diaphana, Toledonia, Cylichna, Scaphander, Sabatia, Roxania, Cylichnium, Acteocina, Truncacteocina, Philine, Retusa, Pyrunculus, Volvulella, Relichna, Micratys, Gastropteron, Aglaja and Philinopsis are reported from the tropical southwest Pacifi c. Thirty-nine of these species are new: Acteon ionfasciatus, Acteon chrystomatus, Rictaxis sanguinea, Japonacteon longissimus, “Acteon” editus, “Acteon” buccinus, “Acteon” ringiculoides, “Acteon” boteroi, “Acteon” loyautensis, “Acteon” rhektos, “Acteon” profundus, “Acteon” osexiguus, “Acteon” aphyodes, “Acteon” herosae, “Acteon” comptus, “Acteon” chauliodous, “Acteon” cohibilis, Bullina rubropunctata, Toledonia neocaledonica, Toledonia epongensis, Cylichna tanyumphalos, Cylichna grovesi, Sabatia pyriformis, Roxania smithae, Cylichnium mucronatum, Cylichnium nanum, Acteocina lata, Philine habei, Philine babai, Philine abyssicola, Retusa diaphana, Retusa insolita, Retusa lenis, Retusa abyssicola, Retusa trunca, Volvulella onoae, Volvulella multistriata, Relichna hadra and Micratys wareni. A previously described species, Acteon aequatorialis, is included in the new genus Bathyacteon. Three species are assigned provisionally to already described species until more material becomes available: Acteon cf. nakayamai, Maxacteon cf. kawamurai, “Acteon” laetus. Thirty-eight species remain unnamed because of the absence of adequate information, but the shells are illustrated. Most species are described based on conchological data. Fourteen species of Acteonidae and two of Retusidae are provisionally assigned to the artifi cial taxa “Acteon” and “Retusidae” until anatomical data become available. The present collecting effort in the southwest Pacifi c has produced large numbers of previously undocumented species. The largest number of species was found in the area comprising the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna, which is probably a consequence of a greater collecting effort. The list of species refl ects a high degree of endemism in the deep sea fauna from the southwest Pacifi c. Only a few widespread Indo-Pacific species have been found in the deep sea. It also appears that there is some sort of isolation between the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna region and the Philippines and Indonesia region, which is refl ected in the small number of species shared between these two areas. Most species of “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs studied here have broad bathymetric ranges compared to other groups of opisthobranchs, which may be a result of a higher ecological adaptability of this group, or may be an artifact caused by transport of empty shells. When only specimens collected alive are considered, the bathymetric ranges of most species are considerably narrower. Most species studied are exclusively found in the deep sea, but a small number of shallow water species have been recorded here for the fi rst time in deep waters. When the ranges of empty shells are examined there appears to be a turnover of “cephalaspidean” heterobranch species at about 1000-1200 m depth and a blurry transition between shallow waters and the deep sea. When only specimens collected alive are considered, there is a sharp boundary at about 200 m that clearly separates the shallow water and the deep sea faunas. “Cephalaspidean” heterobranch species are more common relative to other groups of opisthobranchs in deep waters than in shallow waters, but this result may be an artefact caused by the collecting techniques.
Juncker, Matthieu, Poupin, Joseph, 2009, Crustacés de Nouvelle-Calédonie (Décapodes & Stomatopodes) Illustration des espèces communes et liste documentée des espèces terrestres et des récifs, 116
Résumé [+] [-]Les espèces les plus communes de crustacés décapodes et stomatopodes de Nouvelle- Calédonie ont été photographiées en mars 2009 dans 3 stations principales : en Province Sud, aux environs de Nouméa et sur les îlots Rédika et Ka ; en Province Nord, entre la presqu'île de Pindaï et Voh ; et aux îles Loyauté, à Lifou. Au total 19 stations ont été visitées en pêche à pied à basse-mer ou en plongée sous-marine sur des fonds de 1-20 m, de jour et de nuit. Une petite collection de référence a été constituée pour un examen au laboratoire nécessaire à certaines déterminations. Cette récolte est déposée dans les collections du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle de Paris. Les photographies des auteurs réalisées in situ ou au laboratoire ont été complétées avec celles d’une dizaine de plongeurs photographes ayant accepté de participer à ce projet de recherche. La photothèque ainsi constituée comprend plus de 600 clichés exploitables, correspondant à 176 espèces différentes. Ces photographies sont présentées sur des planches photographiques pour servir d’aide à la détermination aux gestionnaires de l’environnement marin de Nouvelle-Calédonie et aux plongeurs photographes amateurs. Les espèces sont présentées par ordre alphabétique sur des planches regroupées par grands groupes taxonomiques : stomatopodes et langoustes, crevettes, bernard l’ermite, et crabes. Les déterminations provisoires sont indiquées par 'cf.' Parallèlement à cet inventaire photographique, une liste documentée préliminaire des espèces de crustacés stomatopodes et décapodes terrestres et de petits fonds, en excluant les espèces toujours récoltées au-delà de 100 m, est proposée pour la Nouvelle-Calédonie et les archipels voisins (Chesterfield, Entrecasteaux, Loyauté). Cette liste a été compilée en collaboration avec B. Richer de Forges et C. Hoffschir du centre IRD de Nouméa à partir des données de la BD 'Océane', complétées par les nouveaux signalements effectués au cours de ce travail et une recherche bibliographique supplémentaire. Elle comprend 939 espèces pour lesquelles sont indiquées : profondeurs minimale-maximale, au moins une référence bibliographique attestant de sa présence en Nouvelle-Calédonie, la liste des campagnes de prospection concernées et des lieux-dits de récolte.
- Macpherson E., Baba K., 2010, Revision of the genus Sadayoshia (Anomura, Galatheidae), with description of four new species, Studies on Malacostraca, 14, 415-452
Fransen, Charles, Ng, Peter K.L., Hiller, ALEXANDRA, Werding, BERND, De Grave, Sammy, 2011, Redescription of Petrolisthes militaris (Heller, 1862), with description of a new species from the Indo-West Pacific (Decapoda, Porcellanidae), Studies on Malacostraca: Lipke Bijdeley Holthuis Memorial Volume, 315–331
Résumé [+] [-]Petrolisthes militaris (Heller, 1862) is redescribed on the basis ofmaterial from the Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum—Naturalis, Leiden, and the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris. A different morphotype, consistently showing a different distributional and ecological range from that of P. militaris, is here described as P. holthuisi n. sp. Phylogenetic analyses of a dataset based on DNA sequences of a fragment of the mitochondrial COI gene from individuals representing the two forms support the separation of these into two species. While P. militaris has a wide distribution in the Indo-West Pacific including the Red Sea, the new species seems to be restricted to the western side of the Malayan Peninsula through the Malayan Archipelago, eastward to Vanuatu. In addition, Petrolisthes militaris has a broad bathymetric range from the intertidal to 600 m, while P. holthuisi n. sp. is limited to shallow water.
Kleemann, karl, Maestrati, Philippe, 2012, Pacific Lithophaga (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) from recent French expeditions with the description of two new species, Bollettino Malacologico, 48, 73-102
Résumé [+] [-]Pacific specimens of Lithophaga and its subgenus Leiosolenus, collected during recent French expeditions to New Caledonia, Vanuatu, the Philippines and French Polynesia, were determined and described, including two new species, Lithophaga (Leiosolenus) paraplumula n. sp. And Lithophaga (Leiosolenus) subattenuata n. sp. From the twenty species, three belong to Lithophaga s.s. and seventeen to the subgenus Leiosolenus. In order to help identification of the two new species and some others, selected specimens are figured in left lateral, right lateral and dorsal view. A taxonomic key is provided for determination.
Ma, Ka Yan, Chu, Ka Hou, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The deep-sea spiny lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palinuridae), with descriptions of five new species, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 191-230
Résumé [+] [-]Recent French deep-sea expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific resulted in the collection of abundant material of the deep-sea lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Palinuridae). Difficulties in identification necessitated a generic revision and as a result, five new species are described, all of which are similar to P. angulatus (Bate, 1888). Puerulus angulatus was thought to have a wide distribution from eastern Africa to Marquesas Islands, but is now restricted to the western Pacific, from Japan to Australia. Of the five new species, P. gibbosus n. sp. is found in eastern Africa, P. mesodontus n. sp. from Japan to Fiji, P. richeri n. sp. from the New Caledonia to Marquesas Islands, while P. sericus n. sp. and P. quadridentis n. sp. mainly occur around New Caledonia. Of the other three previously described species, the distribution of P. velutinus Holthuis, 1963, is extended to Fiji, while P. sewelli Ramadan, 1938, and P. carinatus Borradaile, 1910, are still only known from the northern and western parts of the Indian Ocean, respectively. COI gene sequence differences support the morphological species distinctions.
Kilburn, Richard N., Fedosov, Alexander E., Kantor, Yuri I., 2014, The shallow-water New Caledonia Drilliidae of genus Clavus Montfort, 1810 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Conoidea), Zootaxa, 3818, 1, 1-69
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3818.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]Species of the genus Clavus of the conoidean family Drilliidae that occur in the littoral and shallow waters of New Caledonia are here revised. This study is based primarily on recent expedition material from the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (New Caledonia) and Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (France). A total of 22 species is recorded, of which eight are described as new. New species: Clavus boucheti, Clavus delphineae, Clavus virginieae, Clavus picoides, Clavus squamiferus, Clavus devexistriatus, Clavus hylikos, Clavus maestratii; New synonyms: Tylotiella Habe, 1958 = Clavus; Clavus leforestieri Hervier, 1896 = Pleurotoma obliquicostata Reeve, 1845; Pleurotoma mariei Crosse, 1869 = Pleurotoma lamberti Montrouzier, 1860; Clavus mighelsi Kay, 1979, new name for Pleurotoma acuminata Mighels, 1845, non J. Sowerby, 1816, was misidentified by Kay 1979; the lectotype of P. acuminata Mighels, 1845, is mangeliine. Clavus mighelsi sensu Kay 1979, is a synonym of Pleurotoma humilis E. A. Smith, 1879. It is suggested that Pleurotoma pulchella Reeve, 1845, sometimes treated as an Indo-Pacific species, may be a senior synonym of Fenimorea halidorema Schwengel, 1940, from the tropical western Atlantic. Nomen dubium: Pleurotoma mediocris Deshayes, 1863.
Kool, Hugo H., Galindo, Lee Ann, 2014, Description and Molecular Characterization of Six New Species of Nassarius (Gastropoda, Nassariidae) from the Western Pacific Ocean, American Malacological Bulletin, 32, 2, 147-164
doi: 10.4003/006.032.0202 Résumé [+] [-]Six new species of the genus Nassarius Duméril, 1805 are described, based on material collected from the Coral Triangle and the South Pacific. We combine traditional morphology-based descriptions with the molecular (Cytochrome c oxidase I - COI) signature of the new species. New species are: Nassarius ocellatus sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius houbricki sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Queensland and Tonga), Nassarius radians sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius vanuatuensis sp. Nov. (Vanuatu), Nassarius velvetosus sp. Nov. (Western Australia to Fiji) and Nassarius martinezi sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Tonga).
Ho, Hsuan-Ching, 2015, Description of a new species and redescriptions of two rare species of Parapercis (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae) from the tropical Pacific Ocean, Zootaxa, 3999, 2, 255-271
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3999.2.5 Résumé [+] [-]Parapercis johnsoni sp. nov. is described based on 19 specimens from Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. It differs from congeners in having a combination of the following characters: dorsal-fin rays V, 21; anal-fin rays I, 17; pectoral-fin rays modally 17; pored lateral-line scales modally 52 or 53; predorsal scales 7 or 8; transverse scale rows 3.5 or 4 + 14 or 15; total gill rakers on 1st gill arch 13–16; single row of teeth on vomer; 6 large canines at front of lower jaw; and a distinct coloration. Two rare species, P. flavescens Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979 and P. fuscolineata Fourmanoir, 1985, are redescribed based on the types and newly identified specimens. Comments on other species occurring in the area are provided.
Macpherson, Enrique, Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, 2015, Species of the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from the Indian and Pacific Oceans, with descriptions of 92 new species, Zootaxa, 3913, 1, 1-335
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3913.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Galathea is one of the most speciose and unwieldy groups in the family Galatheidae. The examination of more than 9000 specimens of 144 species collected in the Indian and Pacific Oceans using morphological and molecular characters, has revealed the existence of 92 new species. The specimens examined during this study were obtained by various French expeditions supplemented by other collections from various sources, and including the type specimens of some previously described species. Most of the new species are distinguished by subtle but constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences of the mitochondrial markers COI and/or 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species and redescribe some previously described species for which earlier accounts are not sufficiently detailed for modern standards. Furthermore we include a dichotomous identification key to all species in the genus from the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Chen, Chien-Lin, Goy, Joseph W., Bracken-Grissom, Heather D., Felder, Darryl L., Tsang, Ling Ming, Chan, Tin-Yam, 2016, Phylogeny of Stenopodidea (Crustacea : Decapoda) shrimps inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial genes reveals non-monophyly of the families Spongicolidae and Stenopididae and most of their composite genera, Invertebrate Systematics, 30, 5, 479-490
- Monsecour, Kevin, Monsecour, David, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, Deep-water Columbellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 291-362
- Osawa, Masayuki, Ng, Peter K.L., 2016, Revision of Polyonyx pedalis Nobili, 1906 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae), with descriptions of three new species, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement, 34, 499–518
- Cecalupo, Alberto, Perugia, Ivan, 2017, Cerithiopsidae and Newtoniellidae (Gastropoda: Triphoroidea) from New Caledonia, Western Pacific, Visaya, Suppl. 7, 1-175
Galindo, Lee Ann, Kool, Hugo H., Dekker, Henk, 2017, Review of the Nassarius pauperus (Gould, 1850) complex (Nassariidae): Part 3, reinstatement of the genus Reticunassa, with the description of six new species, European Journal of Taxonomy, 275, 1-43
- Oliver, Joan Daniel, Rolán, Emilio, 2017, A new species of the genus Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) from the Cape Verde archipelago - Una nueva especie del género Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) del archipiélago de Cabo Verde, Iberus, 35, 1, 47-57
- Vilvens, Claude, 2017, New species and new records of Chilodontidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Seguenzioidea) from the Pacific Ocean, Novapex, 18, HS 11, 1-67
Liste des documents
- Google Earth
- Stations PALEO-SURPRISE Google Earth
- Rapport(s) de mission
- Rapport de mission
Liste des photos
Liste des participants
- Cabioch, Guy (Géologie - paléoclimatologie, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)
- Collecte - Tri
- Chazottes, Véronique (Géologie, Université de Provence, Aix-Marseille)
- Collecte - Tri
- Correge, Thierry (Paleoclimatologie, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)
- Collecte - Tri
- Guarrigue, Claire (Cétologie, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)
- Collecte - Tri
- Laboute, Pierre (Plongée et photographie scientifique, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)
- Philippe, Jean-Sébastien ( Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)
- Collecte - Tri
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand (Carcinologie - Benthologie, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)
- Chef de mission