Chef de mission
Date et lieu de départTue Jun 19 00:00:00 CEST 2001 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Date et lieu d'arrivéeFri Jun 29 00:00:00 CEST 2001 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Navire : Alis
es objectifs de la campagne étaient d'échantillonner la faune benthique des monts sous-marins de la Ride de Norfolk, de compléter l'inventaire zoologique, de tester des hypothèses de génétique des populations permettant d'expliquer les très forts taux d'endémisme observés ainsi que d'étudier les réseaux trophiques en zone bathyale par la technique des isotopes stables (C, N). Lire la suite
Travaux effectués :
89 opérations ont été réalisées dont 34 traits de chalut à perche et 55 dragages à la drague Warèn. Lire la suite
Bail, Patrice, 2002, Two new species of Lyria (Gastropoda: Volutidae) from New Caledonian waters, Novapex, 3, 4, 133-137
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Volutidae, Lyria poppei sp. nov., Lyria grandidieri sp. nov. are described from New Caledonia and compared with their relatives.
Bouchet, Philippe, 2002, Protoconchs, dispersal and tectonic plates biogeography: new Pacific species of Morum (Gastropoda: Harpidae)., Journal of Conchology, 37, 5, 533-550
Résumé [+] [-]Morum clatratum n. sp. and Morum roseum n. sp. are described from depths of 100-200 m in the Marquesas Islands. Mode of development inferred from protoconch morphology and comparison with the protoconchs of Harpa with teleplanic larvae suggests that the new species have planktotrophic larval development, and that they are expected to range widely outside the Marquesas. In addition, Morum kurzi, M. macdonaldi, and M. teramachii, with inferred planktotrophic development, and M. watanabei, with inferred non-planktotrophic development, are newly recorded from South Pacific localities. The distribution of individual species of Morum appears to reflect dispersal during the planktonic phase, rather than movement of the lithospheric plates on the geological scale. The Caribbean Morum oniscus and M. lamarckii, respectively with inferred non-planktotrophic and planktotrophic development, are treated as separate valid species.
Crosnier, Alain, 2002, Révision du genre Parathranites Miers, 1886 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Portunidae), Zoosystema, 24, 4, 799-825
Résumé [+] [-]Based on rather abundant material from the Indo-West Pacific, the number of species in the genus Parathranites Miers, 1886 is elevated from two to eight. The six new species are P. granosus n. sp., P. tuberosus n. sp., P. tuberogranosus n. sp., P. ponens n. sp., P. intermedius n. sp. and P. parahexagonum n. sp. Examination of the type series of the type species for the genus, P. orientalis Miers, 1886, shows that it contains two species; a lectotype is designated for P. orientalis. The main morphological characters used for differentiating the species are the breadth/length ratio of the carapace (correlated with the length of the fifth anterolateral teeth of the carapace) which can vary from 1.3 to 2.1, the presence or absence of a median tubercle on the posterior part of the cardiac area, the granulation of the carapace and the shape of the first male pleopods. An identification key for members of this genus is proposed.
Lorenz, Felix, 2002, New worldwide Cowries. Descriptions of new taxa and revisions of selected groups of living Cypraeidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), ConcBooks, 19
Résumé [+] [-]This book describes taxa of cowries, some of which are new to science; others have to date been known only by taxonomically invalid forma-names: valid species: aenigma, colligata, deforgesi. New species by revision and promoting of rank: valid species: aenigma, colligata, deforgesi. New species by revision and lifting of rank: boucheti, gilvella, johnsonorum. New subspecies: caurica samoensis, citrina dauphinensis, coronata debruini, decipiens suprasinum, exmouthensis abrolhoensis, e. magnifica, jeaniana thalamega, katsuae guidoi, maculifera martybealsi, m. scindata, mappa admirabilis, teramachii polyphemus, langfordi cavatoensis, stolida brianoi, subteres violacincta, teres janae, and new subspecies by taxonomic validation: bregeriana pervelata, cinerea brasilensis, connelli peelae, cribraria australiensis, exmouthensis rottnestensis, fimbriata marquesana, fuscodentata grohorum, f sphaerica, mappa aliwalensis, pellucens panamensis, porteri nigromaculata, rosselli latistoma, r. satiata, scurra mundula, teramachii neocaledonica. Taxonomically valid names of other authors are elevated to species rank: exmouthensis, geographica, pellucens, and in some cases, to subspecies rank: cribraria zadela, fuscorubra gondwanalandensis, teres alveolus. Some genera and species-complexes are discussed in detail: the Leporicypraea mappacomplex, some species of the deep-water genus Nesiocypraea, the Western Australian members of Cribrarula, the genus Cypraeovula and its zoogeography, Erronea caurica and its subspecies, and the Blasicrura (Talostolida) teres species-complex. The distributions of all new taxa and related species-complexes are shown. In an illustrated checklist, all species, subspecies and commonly used forma-names of the living Cypraeidae are listed, including the new species and subspecies described herein.
Boyko, Christopher B., 2003, A new genus and species of bopyrid isopod (Crustacea, Isopoda, Bopyridae, Orbioninae) parasitic on Sicyonia (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeoidea) from New Caledonia, Zoosystema, 25, 4, 593-600
Résumé [+] [-]Asymmetrorbione drepanopleon n. gen., n. sp., a highly asymmetrical orbionme bopyrid isopod, is described from specimens of two species of Sicyonia H. Milne Edwards, 1830, shrimp collected by the MUSORSTOM expeditions in New Caledonia; it is the seventh genus included in the Orbioninae. This genus can be characterized by the female having coxal plates well developed on the longer side of the body, a pleon with five pleomeres plus pleotelson, pleomeres I-V having biramous pleopods and uniramous lateral plates, the short side of the body with reduced lateral plates and the long side of the body with lateral plates elongated on pleomeres I and II, all lateral plates smooth, and uniramous uropods. The male has all pleonal segments plus the pleotelson fused into a single segment and lacking midventral tubercles, pleopods, and uropods. A second species, Orbione kempi Chopra, 1923, is also transferred to the new genus. Comparisons are made between Asymmetrorbione n. gen. and Anisorbione Bourdon, 1981, females of which differ in having only five pleonal segments and biramous uropods, and Orbione Bonnier, 1900, females of which differ in their lack of pronounced asymmetry of the pleon and lateral plates and in the presence of tubercles on the lateral plates.
Komai, Tomoyuki, Chan, Tin-Yam, 2003, A new genus and species of pandalid shrimp (Decapoda: Caridea) from the western Pacific, Journal of Crustacean Biology, 23, 4, 880–889
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus and new species of pandalid shrimp, Calipandahis elachys, is described on the basis of the specimens from Taiwan, Solomon Islands, and New Caledonia in the western Pacific Ocean. Calipandatus new genus resembles Bitias Fransen, 1990, in the lack of an exopod on the third maxilliped, the short rostrum, and the presence of arthrobranchs on the four anterior pereopods. It is distinguished from Bitias by the presence of tegumental scales, the moderately spaced, fixed dorsal teeth on the rostrum proper, the short antennular stylocerite, and the peculiar structures of the mandibular palp and the chela of the second pereopod. The new species also bears similarity to particular species of Plesionika Bate, 1888, although the absence of an exopod on the third maxilliped sets the new species apart from Plesionika.
Monniot, Françoise, Monniot, Claude, 2003, Ascidies de la pente externe et bathyales de l’ouest Pacifique, Zoosystema, 25, 4, 681-749
Résumé [+] [-]The specimens collected during several recent oceanographic cruises in the tropical western Pacific, sponsored jointly by the MNHN and the IRD, consist of 53 ascidian species, and among them 16 new species. For others, the geographic distribution is increased in the western Pacific. The remarkably high diversity of these organisms between 50 and 1000 m in this part of the world is demonstrated. In all oceans at these depths the ascidian fauna is dominated by solitary organisms, whereas along the littoral fringe the majority of ascidian species are colonial. This systematic pattern is likely to be influenced by substrate: hard nearshore and soft offshore. In this study, among the new species, the solitary ascidians largely dominate, especially well represented by stolidobranchs with eight Styelidae of four genera, four Pyuridae with also four genera, and one Molgulidae. However the originality of this deep fauna is enhanced by the presence, in the typical Octacnemidae family, of a new genus Myopegma n. gen. with a very small species M. melanesium n. gen., n. sp. which has a very peculiar musculature justifying a new taxon.
Ofwegen, L. P. van, Hartog, Koos den, Fautin, Daphne G., Den Hartog, J.C., 2003, An unusual sea anemone from slope depths of the tropical west Pacific: range extension and redescription of Isactinerus quadrilobatus Carlgren, 1918 (Cnidaria: Actinaria: Actinernidae), Koos den Hartog memorial volume, Zoologische verhandelingen, 345, 103-116
Résumé [+] [-]The sea anemone species Isactinernus quadrilobatus Carlgren, 1918, and Synactinernus fiavus Carlgren, 1918, which were described in new monotypic genera from few specimens collected in southern Japan, are synonymized, based on many more specimens from the South Pacific. As well as the geographic range, the depth range of this species has been extended to 110-700 m. The species had been distinguished primarily on whether the oral dise had four lobes (I quadrilobatus) or eight (Synactinernus Flavus) - we conclude their number is largely related to size of the animal. Other features that Carlgren had used to differentiate the genera (and species) are inconsistently present and do not correlate with lobe number.
- Bail, Patrice, Poppe, Guido T., Groh, Klaus, 2004, The Tribe Lyriini. A revision of the recent species of the genera. Lyria, Callipara, Harpulina, Enaeta and Leptoscapha, A conchological iconography, IX, 5-72
Bamber, Roger N., 2004, Pycnogonids (Arthropoda: Pycnogonida) from French cruise to Menalesia, Zootaxa, 551, 1-27
Résumé [+] [-]Seventy specimens of pycnogonid from New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands, collected during cruises from the Paris Museum, are described. No pycnogonids have been recorded previously from the Solomon Islands. Of the sixteen species identified, three ammotheids, Bathyzetes umbrella, Cilunculus cymobostrychos and C. mergus, are new to science. The distinctions of the sibling species Colossendeis pipetta Stock, 1991 and C. sinuosa Stock, 1997 are analyzed morphometrically. The pycnogonid fauna of the Melanesia-Micronesia-Polynesia region is summarized.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., 2004, New Caledonia: The major centre of biodiversity for volutomitrid molluscs (Mollusca: Neogastropoda: Volutomitridae), Systematics and Biodiversity, 1, 4, 467-502
doi: 10.1017/S1477200003001282 Résumé [+] [-]Recent deep-sea explorations in the South Pacific have documented around New Caledonia the most diverse fauna of gastropods of the family Volutomitridae anywhere in the world. Fourteen species (nine new, two remaining unnamed) are recorded, all essentially confined to the 250–750 m depth range. The high number of species in the New Caledonia region does not appear to be an effect of sampling intensity, but appears to result from four factors: regional spatial heterogeneity, frequency of hard substrates, syntopy, and a historical heritage shared with Australia and New Zealand, which until now ranked as the major centre of volutomitrid diversity. In the New Caledonia region, volutomitrids show a marked preference for hard bottoms and up to three species may cooccur in the same dredge haul. Many species appear to have extremely narrow geographical distributions within the region (e.g. a single seamount or a single submerged plateau); conversely, Microvoluta joloensis, the only non-endemic volutomitrid present in New Caledonia, ranges from the Mozambique Channel to Tonga.
Chan, Tin‐Yam, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, The ‘‘Plesionika rostricrescentis (Bate, 1888)’’ and ‘‘P. lophotes Chace, 1985’’ species groups of Plesionika Bate, 1888, with descriptions of five new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pandalidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 293-318
Résumé [+] [-]Before the present study, Plesionika rostricrescentis (Bate, 1888) and P. lophotes Chace, 1985 were the two Plesionika species unique in having a high basal rostral crest. A recently described species, P. erythrocyclus Chan & Crosnier, 1997 has a low basal rostral crest but is evidently related to P. rostricrescentis. Close examination of the abundant material collected during the MUSORSTOM expeditions and from Taiwan revealed that there are at least eight species in this ‘‘P. rostricrescentis-P. lophotes’’ species complex. These taxa are morphologically very similar but can be distinguished by their very distinctive colorations, which are often striking and consist of large circular spots. In the ‘‘P. rostricrescentis’’ group, which has the dorsal margin of the rostrum unarmed between the anteriormost tooth of the basal rostral crest and the subapical teeth, five species are recognized. Plesionika rostricrescentis is still known only by the holotype from the Kai Islands. Two new species, P. hsuehyui and P. suffusa, closely similar to P. rostricrescentis, are described. Plesionika hsuehyui is widely distributed from Taiwan to Fiji, while P. suffusa has only been found off New Caledonia. Plesionika erythrocyclus, previously known only from Taiwan and French Polynesia, occurs widely in the southern Pacific. Another new species, P. bimaculata, which closely resembles P. erythrocyclus, is distributed off New Caledonia and in adjacent areas. Three species are recognized in the ‘‘P. lophotes’’ group, which bear dorsal rostral teeth between the basal rostral crest and subapical teeth. Plesionika lophotes is restricted to the area between Japan and northwestern Australia. Two further closely similar new species, P. rufomaculata and P. scopifera are described, the former widely distributed from Okinawa to Futuna Island, the latter only off New Caledonia and Tonga. Although coloration is very important in distinguishing these species, species with similar color patterns do not necessarily belong to the same species group. Morphologically, these species are mainly separated by the height of the basal rostral crest, the number of rostral teeth, and the length of the stylocerite and the dactyli of the posterior three pereiopods. However, there is sexual dimorphism in the development of the basal rostral crest in these species, sometimes making positive identification of males and young specimens difficult.
Cohen, Bernard L., Améziane, Nadia, Eleaume, Marc, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, Crinoid phylogeny: a preliminary analysis (Echinodermata: Crinoidea), Marine Biology, 144, 3, 605-617
doi: 10.1007/s00227-003-1212-7 Résumé [+] [-]We describe the first molecular and morphological analysis of extant crinoid high-level inter-relationships. Nuclear and mitochondrial gene sequences and a cladistically coded matrix of 30 morphological characters are presented, and analysed by phylogenetic methods. The molecular data were compiled from concatenated nuclear-encoded 18S rDNA, internal transcribed spacer 1, 5.8S rDNA, and internal transcribed spacer 2, together with part of mitochondrial 16S rDNA, and comprised 3,593 sites, of which 313 were parsimony-informative. The molecular and morphological analyses include data from the bourgueticrinid Bathycrinus; the antedonid comatulids Dorometra and Florometra; the cyrtocrinids Cyathidium, Gymnocrinus, and Holopus; the isocrinids Endoxocrinus, and two species of Metacrinus; as well as from Guillecrinus and Caledonicrinus, whose ordinal relationships are uncertain, together with morphological data from Proisocrinus. Because the molecular data include indel-rich regions, special attention was given to alignment procedure, and it was found that relatively low, gene-specific, gap penalties gave alignments from which congruent phylogenetic information was obtained from both well-aligned, indel-poor and potentially misaligned, indel-rich regions. The different sequence data partitions also gave essentially congruent results. The overall direction of evolution in the gene trees remains uncertain: an asteroid outgroup places the root on the branch adjacent to the slowly evolving isocrinids (consistent with palaeontological order of first appearances), but maximum likelihood analysis with a molecular clock places it elsewhere. Despite lineage-specific rate differences, the clock model was not excluded by a likelihood ratio test. Morphological analyses were unrooted. All analyses identified three clades, two of them generally well-supported. One well-supported clade (BCG) unites Bathycrinus and Guillecrinus with the representative (chimaeric) comatulid in a derived position, suggesting that comatulids originated from a sessile, stalked ancestor. In this connection it is noted that because the comatulid centrodorsal ossicle originates ontogenetically from the column, it is not strictly correct to describe comatulids as "unstalked" crinoids. A second, uniformly well-supported clade contains members of the Isocrinida, while the third clade contains Gymnocrinus, a well-established member of the Cyrtocrinida, together with the problematic taxon Caledonicrinus, currently classified as a bourgueticrinid. Another cyrtocrinid, Holopus, joins this clade with only weak molecular, but strong morphological support. In one morphological analysis Proisocrinus is weakly attached to the isocrinid clade. Only an unusual, divergent 18S rDNA sequence was obtained from the morphologically strange cyrtocrinid Cyathidium. Although not analysed in detail, features of this sequence suggested that it may be a PCR artefact, so that the apparently basal position of this taxon requires confirmation. If not an artefact, Cyathidium either diverged from the crinoid stem much earlier than has been recognised hitherto (i.e., it may be a Palaeozoic relic), or it has an atypically high rate of molecular evolution.
Crosnier A., Ng, Peter K.L., 2004, Remarques sur le genre Intesius (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Goneplacidae) et description de deux espèces nouvelles, Zoosystema, 26, 2, 263-277
Résumé [+] [-]After a discussion of the valid publication date of the genus Intesius Guinot Richer de Forges, 1981 and of the structure of the male abdomen in this genus, new samples of L pilosus Guinot & Richer de Forges, 1981 are recorded from the Philippines and a new species, Intesius richeri n. sp., is described, based on a specimen from New Caledonian waters. The latter can be distinguished from the two other species of the genus by its more rectangular carapace, a less developed pilosity (particularly on the walking legs), and the second male pleopods ending in a very slender tubular part. Two other specimens, from Guam, are described under the name I lucius n. sp. They are very close to I. crosnieri Davie, 1998, known by a single specimen, but differ mainly by slightly longer, more slender and less pilose walking legs.
Houart, Roland, 2004, A review of Gemixystus Iredale, 1929 (Gastropoda: Muricidae) from Australia and New Zealand, Novapex, Hors-Série, 2, 1-27
Résumé [+] [-]Gemixystus Iredale, 1929 is revised and Apixystus Iredale, 1929 is treated as a synonym. Sixteen species are reviewed: G. fimbriatus n.sp. (Recent: New South Wales, South Australia and Tasmania); G. laminatus (Petterd, 1884) (Recent: S Queensland to Tasmania), G. leptos (Houart, 1995) (Recent: S Queensland and Chesterfield Reefs), G. polyphillius (TenisonWoods, 1879) (Recent: New South Wales and S Tasmania; fossil: Miocene, Victoria), G. recurvatus (Verco, 1909) (Recent: New South Wales and South Australia); G. rhodanos n.sp. (Recent: S Queensland to Tasmania), G. rippingalei (Houart, 1998) (Recent: Queensland), G. stimuleus (Hedley, 1908) (Recent: S Queensland and New South Wales), G. apipagodus (Ponder, 1972) (Upper Eocene: Oamaru, New Zealand), G. comes (Maxwell, 1992) (Eocene, NewZealand); G. hypsellus (Tate, 1888) (Eocene: Adelaide Bore, Australia), G. icosiphyllus (Tate, 1888) (Eocene: Adelaide Bore, Australia), G. protocarinatus (Laws, 1941) (Early Miocene: Pakaurangi Point, New Zealand), G. zebra n. sp. (Early and Middle Miocene: New Zealand) and two still unidentified fossil species from New Zealand. All the identified species are described and illustrated, and their distribution is shown on a map. Three new species are described. Lectotypes are designated for G. hypsellus (Tate, 1888) and G. icosiphyllus (Tate, 1888).
Komai, Tomoyuki, 2004, A new genus and new species of Crangonidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea) from the southwestern Pacific, Zoosystema, 26, 1, 73–86
Résumé [+] [-]A new cratigonid genus and species, Pseudopontophilus serratus n. gen., n. sp., is established from the southwestern Pacific. The new genus is closely related to Pontophilus Leach, 18 17 and Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 in having at least one pair of lateral teeth oil the rostrum and a postorbital suture on the carapace. It is distinguished from both Pontophilus and Parapontophilus in the completely loss of exopod on the First pereopod and the less reduced second pereopod. Considerable variation in the number of median spines oil the carapace, which not appear to be correlated with either size or sex, is found in this new species.
Kool, Hugo H., 2004, Nassarius olomea Kay, 1979, revalidated (Gastropoda, Caenogastropoda, Nassariidae), Basteria, 68, 21-24
Résumé [+] [-]Contrary to data in the literature, Nassarrius alomea Kay, 1979, has a much wider distribution than only the Hawaiian Islands. It occurs also in parts of the southwestern Pacific. Nassarius alamen and N. crebricostatus (Schepman, 1911) are shown to be separate species.
Lemaitre, Rafael, 2004, A review of Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989 (Crustacea: decapoda: Paguroidea: Parapaguridae), with description of a new species, Scientia Marina, 68, 3, 355-372
Résumé [+] [-]Species of the parapagurid genus Strobopagurus Lemaitre, 1989 are reviewed based primarily on abundant specimens obtained during French campaigns across the Indo-Pacific region. A new species, S. breviacus, is described. The genus contains two other species, S. gracilipes (A. Milne-Edwards, 1891), the type of the genus, and S. sibogae (de Saint Laurent, 1972). One taxon, Parapagurus kilburni Kensley, 1973, originally described from off eastern Africa, has been found to be a junior synonym of S. sibogae. An updated diagnosis of the genus, and diagnoses and comparative illustrations of all three species, are presented together with a key to aid in their identification. Information on live coloration is provided for S. gracilipes and S. sibogae; live coloration of S. breviacus is not known.
Machordom, Annie, Macpherson, Enrique, 2004, Rapid radiation and cryptic speciation in squat lobsters of the genus Munida (Crustacea, Decapoda) and related genera in the South West Pacific: molecular and morphological evidence, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 33, 2, 259-279
- Macpherson, Enrique, Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, Species of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 and related genera from Fiji and Tonga (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 231-292
Baba K., 2005, Deep-sea chirostylid and galatheid crustaceans (Decapoda: Anomura) from the Indo-Pacific, with a list of species., GALATHEA REPORT, 20, 5-317
Résumé [+] [-]Deep-sea chirostylid and galatheid crustaceans collected during the "Galathea" Expedition 1950-52, Kei Islands Expedition 1922, and by Th. Mortensen, and others now in the collection of the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen constitute the basis of this paper. They comprise 864 specimens, 105 of which are distributed among 38 species in five genera of Chirostylidae (one in Chirostylus Ortmann, 1982; five in Eumunida Smith, 1883; three in Gastroptychus Caullery, 1896; one in Pseudomunida Haig, 1979; three in Uroptychodes Baba, 2004; and 25 in Uroptychus Henderson, 1888). The remaining 759 specimens belong to Galatheidae, with 94 species in 13 genera, including two new genera (three in gononida Baba & de Saint Laurent, 1996; two in Bathymunida Balss, 1914; one in Enriquea n. gen.; eight in Galathea abricius, 1793; one in Heteronida Baba & de Saint Laurent, 1996; one in Leiogalathea Baba, 1969; 29 in Munida Leach, 1820; 38 in Munidopsis Whiteaves, 1874; six in Paramunida Baba, 1988; two in Phylladiorhynchus Baba, i969; one in Raymunida iviacpherson 22 Machordom, 2000; one in Sadayoshia Baba, 1969; and one in Torbenia n. gen.). Twenty-nine new species are described: one of Gastroptychus, nine of Uroptychus, three of Galathea, five of Munida, 10 of Munidopsis, and one of Torbenia. Three species (two of Munida and one of Raymunida) that have depth records exceeding 200 m, but which in the present collection are available from the continental shelf, are incorporated in this report. Chirostylus ciliatus van Dam, 1933 and Gastroptychus chacei Baba, 1986, are transferred to Uroptychus, Munida leviantennata Baba, 1988 is transferred to Enriquea, as also is Agononida insolita Macpherson, 2004 to Torbenia. Examination of the type material of Munida quinquespinosa Balss, 19 13 reveals that it belongs to Galathea. All species are diagnosed and if new, the holotype is described. In order to clarify the identity of some species, type material and/or comparative material from repositories other than the Copenhagen Museum is included in the report (for Uroptychus latirostris, U. tridentatus, and Munidopsis subsquamosa). Color notes are given when available, and geographic and depth distributions are summarized for the species included in the collection. A list of 580 deep-sea species (161 species in six genera of Chirostylidae and 419 species in 26 genera of Galatheidae) known or supposed to occur at depths exceeding 200 m in the Indo-Pacific, including the Southern Ocean, is provided, along with a key to species of each genus where necessary. For each species, synonymy including reference(s), locality and depth records, and the repository and registration number of the type material are given where possible. Brief comments on vertical and horizontal distributions of species are given for multi-species genera.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2005, Revision of the genus Granulifusus Kuroda & Habe 1954, with description of some new species (Gastropoda : Prosobranchia : Fasciolariidae), Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 134, 2, 129-171
doi: 10.1127/arch.moll/0003-9284/134/129-171 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Granulifusus is distributed over the upper continental shelves in the Indo-West Pacific. The 27 species (21 Recent, 6 fossil) are characterized and separated from Fusinus by a granulated surface sculpture, the Recent also by a small round operculum which does not fill the aperture. Fusus (Sipho) libratus Watson 1886 and Latirus staminatus Garrard 1966 are placed in Granulifusus, their transfer based on the above mentioned conchological characteristics and on radular evidence. Granulifusus niponicus (E.A. Smith 1879), G. kiranus Shuto 1958, G. rubrolineatus (Sowerby II 1870), G. staminatus (Garrard 1966) and G. libratus (Watson 1886) were collected during the Musorstom expeditions and the material is extensively reported on. G. bacciballus sp. nov. (North New Caledonia, 444-452 m), G. benjamini sp. nov. (Coral Sea, Chesterfield, 400 m), G. balbus sp. nov. (South New Caledonia, 470 m), G. amoenus sp. nov. (Vanuatu, 480-544 m), G. geometricus sp. nov. (Tonga Islands, 427-436 m), G. monsecourorum sp. nov. (Madagascar, 240 m) and G. babae sp. nov. (Indonesia, Tanimbar Islands, 206-210 m) were also collected by the Musorstom expeditions and are added to this fauna and described as new species. From the collection of the Australian Museum, Sydney (AMS), one additional Recent species (G. lochi sp. nov., Western Australia, 301-310 m) and one fossil species (G. nakasiensis sp. nov., Nakasi Sandstone Beds, Late Pliocene, Fiji) are described. Lots of the remaining 8 species are studied with the exception of G. captivus (E.A. Smith 1899). The remaining 5 fossil species are listed and compared. G. rufinodis (Von Martens 1901) is tentatively regarded as a distinct species and a lectotype is selected.
Kool, Hugo H., 2005, Two new western Pacific deep water species of Nassarius (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia: Nassariidae): Nassarius herosae sp. nov. and Nassarius vanpeli sp. nov., Gloria Maris, 44, 3-4, 46-54
Résumé [+] [-]During several expeditions by the Museum National d'Histoire Naturel, Paris, two hereby described deep water species of Nassarius were collected.
Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2005, Use of morphological and molecular data to identify three new sibling species of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from New Caledonia, Journal of Natural History, 39, 11, 819-834
doi: 10.1080/00222930400002473 Résumé [+] [-]Three cryptic species of the genus Munida from New Caledonia, previously identified as M. tuberculata Henderson, 1885, M. notata Macpherson, 1994 and M. clinata Macpherson, 1994, are described and illustrated. The three species are identified by subtle and constant morphological characters, which match clear differences in molecular sequences (16S rDNA and COI genes). The results also confirm the importance of several of these characters (e.g. length of the antennular and antennal spines) in the taxonomy of the genus Munida.
Molodtsova, Tina, 2005, A new species of Saropathes (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Antipatharia) from the Norfolk Ridge (south-west Pacific, New Caledonia), Zoosystema, 27, 4, 699-707
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of the genus Saropathes Opresko, 2002 (Antipatharia, Schizopathidae, Schizopathinae) is described. Saropathes margaritae n. sp. differs from the closely related S. scoparia (Totton, 1923) in having shorter curved backward primary pinnules, in a lower order (up to three) of subpinnulation, in more (up to eight) secondary pinnules on each primary, as well as in the size and arrangement of spines. The polypar and abpolypar spines in S. margaritae n. sp. differ in form and size, the maximum height of the polypar spines being up to 0.12 mm. The antipatharian fauna reported from seamounts is discussed and a list of species is provided.
Norman, Mark D., Hochberg, F. G., Boucher-Rodoni, renata, 2005, A revision of the deep-water Octopus genus Scaeurgus (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae) with description of three new species from the southwest Pacific ocean, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 71, 4, 319-337
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyi033 Résumé [+] [-]Deep-water trawl surveys on seamounts around New Caledonia yielded 62 specimens of the little-known genus, Scaeurgus. Members of this genus of octopuses typically occur at depths of 200-500 m in temperate and tropical latitudes worldwide. Prior to this study, Scaeurgus was considered to contain one to two species. The new material from New Caledonia contained a surprising diversity of Scaeurgus species from a small area: three distinct new species are described and limited material of a further two taxa is reported. A pygmy member of this genus is reported for the first time. Distributions of these new taxa are consistent with reports of high endemism on the seamount systems in this region. Fifty-eight of the 62 specimens were collected from seamounts, with four of the five taxa unique to a single seamount.
- Peter Castro, 2005, Crabs of the subfamily Ethusinae Guinot, 1977 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Dorippidae) of the Indo-West Pacific region, Zoosystema, 27, 3, 499-600
- Schlacher-Hoenlinger, Monika A., Pisera, Andrzej, Hooper, John N. A., 2005, Deep-sea “lithistid” assemblages from the Norfolk Ridge (New Caledonia), with description of seven new species and a new genus (Porifera, Demospongiae), Zoosystema, 27, 4, 649-698
Chino, Mitsuo, 2006, A new species of Daphnella (Gastropoda: Conidae) from South-Western Japan and the Western Pacific, Novapex, 7, 1, 17-20
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of a turrid gastropod is described and compared with similar species. The new species has been collected in Japan from Okinawa Prefecture and from Wakayama Prefecture, central Honshu. It has also been taken off Aliguay Island in Northern Mindanao Province, Philippine Islands, and from several localities in the Western Pacific. The nes species has a brown maculate pattern with numerous dark brown spots, a brownfish purple siphonal process and a rather deep, with anal sinus.
Crosnier, Alain, 2006, Penaeopsis Bate, 1881 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) récoltées dans le Pacifique sud-ouest par les campagnes françaises depuis 1976. Description d'une espèce nouvelle, Zoosystema, 28, 2, 331-340
Résumé [+] [-]Penaeopsis (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) collected in the south-west Pacific by French expeditions since 1976. Description of a new species. This work is based on collections made in the south-west Pacific by IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. It deals with four species of Penaeopsis Bate, 188 1: P challengeri de Man, 1911, P eduardoi Perez Farfante, 1977, P rectacuta (Bate, 188 1), and a new species, P mclaughlinae n. sp. Depth zones and geographic distributions of the three known species are revised, especially those of P challengeri. Penaeopsis mclaughlinae n. sp. is closely related to P eduardoi but it is easily distinguished by the more sinuous shape of the distal part of the ventrolateral lobules of the petasma, and the large rounded protuberance on the median plate of the thelycum.
Geiger, Daniel L., 2006, Eight new species of Scissurellidae and Anatomidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) from around the world, with discussion of two new senior synonyms, Zootaxa, 1128, 1-33
Résumé [+] [-]Eight new species of Scissurellidae and Anatomidae are described: Scissurella kaiserae new species from the Panamic; Scissurella lorenzi new species from the Indo-Malayan archipelago; Scissurella maraisorum new species from South Africa; Sinezona garciai new species from the Caribbean; Sinezona globosa new species from the tropical Western Pacific; Sinezona macleani new species from the Philippines; Sinezona singeri new species from the Red Sea; and Anatoma jansenae new species from southern Australia. Radulae of Scissurella kaiserae and Sinezona singeri are illustrated. Anatoma munieri (Fischer, Oct. 1862) is identified as a senior synonym of Anatoma turbinata (A. Adams, Nov. 1862), and Sukashitrochus morleti (Crosse, 1880) is shown to be a senior synonym of Sukashitrochus indonesicus Bandel, 1998, and Sukashitrochus simplex Bandel, 1998. These synonymies are based on examination of type material in the Museum Nationale dHistoire Naturelle, Paris; scanning electron microscope images of the types are provided, and lectotypes are here selected.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2006, Five new species of Fusinus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) from western Pacific and Arafura Sea, Novapex, 7, 4, 91-102
Résumé [+] [-]A number of Fusinus species from Indo-West Pacific deep water are studied. Five new species are added to this fauna: F. inglorius sp. nov. (Taiwan, off Tashi, 505-680 m), F. flavicomus sp. nov. (Taiwan, off Tashi, 145-200 m), F. wallacei sp. nov. (Indonesia, Tanimbar Islands, 365-368 m), F. alcyoneum sp. nov. (southern New Caledonia, 513 m) and F. thermariensis sp. nov. (Volcans Hunter and Matthews, 325-400 m). Four species are know by only specimen each and are recorded as separate species but not described as new.
Li, Xinzheng, Bruce, Alexander J., 2006, Further Indo-West Pacific palaemonoid shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonoidea), principally from the New Caledonian region, Journal of Natural History, 40, 11-12, 611-738
doi: 10.1080/00222930600763627 Résumé [+] [-]Based on the material deposited in the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, collected from the Indo-West Pacific, principally from the New Caledonian region, the present paper reports 117 palaemonoid shrimp species, which belong, respectively, to Anchistioididae ( one genus, one species), Gnathophyllidae ( one genus, one species), Palaemonidae Palaemoninae ( seven genera, nine species), and Palaemonidae Pontoniinae ( 30 genera, 106 species), including eight new species. The new species are all Pontoniinae: Mesopontonia brevicarpalis sp. nov., Palaemonella komaii sp. nov., Periclimenes crosnieri sp. nov., Periclimenes forgesi sp. nov., Periclimenes loyautensis sp. nov., Periclimenes paralcocki sp. nov., Periclimenes paraleator sp. nov., and Periclimenes pseudalcocki sp. nov. The last six new species are members of the deep-water "Periclimenes alcocki species complex'', which has more than two ( usually four) pairs of dorsolateral telson spines anterior to the posterior telson margin, the cornea is usually reduced, the dactyl of the major second chela is generally flanged and the chela is sometimes covered with small tubercles. The complex is usually found at more than 200m depth in the West Pacific. The species can be distinguished from each other by the armature of ambulatory propod and dactyl, diameter of cornea, rostrum shape and the number of pairs of dorsolateral telson spines. Mesopontonia brevicarpalis sp. nov., from the southeast coast of Africa, is the seventh species of the genus. Palaemonella komaii sp. nov. is very similar to Palaemonella dolichodactylus Bruce, 1991 and Palaemonella hachijo Okuno, 1999. These three species share the features of very long and slender ambulatory pereiopods with the dactyl more than eight times longer than its basal depth and with several long setae on the dorsal dactylar margin.
Poutiers, Jean-Maurice, 2006, Two new species of protocardiine cockles (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Cardiidae) from the tropical Southwest Pacific, Zoosystema, 28, 3, 635-654
Résumé [+] [-]The two new species described in this paper are widely distributed in the tropical south-western Pacific; they have been found on the upper continental shelf of the area, around New Caledonia, westward to Chesterfield Islands and Lord Howe Ridge, southward to northern part of Norfolk Ridge, north- and eastward to Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga islands. They belong to two often confused genera of subfamily Protocardiinae (sensu Keen 1980), Frigidocardium Habe, 1951 and Microcardium Th iele, 1934, that are briefly characterized herein. Frigidocardium valdentatum n. sp. is characterized by the peculiar sculpture of mid-posterior slope ending in strongly dentate margin. Frigidocardium kirana is a similar species with lower outer sculpture, more asymmetrical shape and rather strong umbonoventral fold; it is first recorded here from the tropical Southwest Pacific and Mascarene islands. Diagnostic features of Microcardium trapezoidale n. sp. include rather high trapezoidal shape and posterior sculptural area extending on 2/5 of shell length, with an anterior limit almost parallel to radial ribs in the adult and well-developed, non lamellous sculpture in the rib interstices. A comparative review of all Recent Microcardium species in the Indo-West Pacific is given, to place the new species in the context of the genus. Five Microcardium species are presently known in this area: M. gilchristi from southern Africa, M. simillimum n. comb. (for Cardium (Fragum) simillimum) from Sri Lanka and Mascarene Plateau, M. sakuraii from Japan and the Philippines (new record), M. aequiliratum from the Philippines, and M. tenuilamellosum from the Philippines and Solomon Islands (new record).
Samadi, Sarah, Bottan, Lionel, Macpherson, Enrique, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, 2006, Seamount endemism questioned by the geographic distribution and population genetic structure of marine invertebrates, Marine Biology, 149, 6, 1463-1475
doi: 10.1007/s00227-006-0306-4 Résumé [+] [-]Previous studies have suggested that the high diversity associated with the Norfolk seamounts (Southwest Pacific) could reflect endemism resulting from limited dispersal due to hydrological phenomena. Crustaceans of the family Galatheidae are thoroughly studied in the New Caledonia economic zone permitting the analysis of species distribution pattern between the New Caledonia slope and Norfolk ridge seamounts. This analysis has shown that, qualitatively, the same species are sampled on seamounts and on the New Caledonia slope. Local endemism was never detected. However, on each seamount, and therefore on a small surface, a very high number of species are usually sampled, suggesting that seamounts are biodiversity hot spots. Then, to evaluate whether the seamounts constitute patches of isolated habitat, we explore the pattern of genetic diversity within several species of crustaceans and gastropods. Analysis of the intra-specific genetic structure using the mitochondrial marker COI reveals that populations of two Galatheidae species (Munida thoe and Munida zebra), polymorphic for this marker, are genetically not structured, both among seamounts and between the seamounts and the island slope. The genetic structure over a similar sampling scheme of two Eumunida species (Chirostylidae, the sister family of Galatheidae) and a planktotrophic gastropod (Sassia remensa) reveals a similar pattern. Population structure is observed only in Nassaria problematica, a non-planktotrophic gastropod with limited larvae dispersal. Thus, the limitation of gene flow between seamounts appears to be observed only for species with limited dispersal abilities. Our results suggest that the Norfolk seamounts rather than functioning as areas of endemism, instead, may be highly productive zones that can support numerous species in small areas.
Snyder, Martin Avery, Hadorn, Roland, 2006, A new bathyal Fusinus (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) from New Caledonia, Zootaxa, 1311, 1-12
Résumé [+] [-]A new bathyal species of Fusinus is described from New Caledonia. Fusinus laviniae new species is distinguished from other New Caledonia Fusinus by its long siphonal canal and angular sculpture. This new species is compared to F. colus (Linnaeus, 1758), F. nicobaricus (Roding, 1798), F. nobilis ( Reeve, 1847), F. salisburyi Fulton, 1930, F. similis (Baird, 1873), and F. undatus, (Gmelin, 1791). A range extension for F. nobilis to New Caledonia is noted.
Vilvens, Claude, Maestrati, Philippe, 2006, New records and three new species of Thysanodonta (Gastropoda: Calliostomatidae: Thysanodontinae) from New Caledonia, Novapex, 7, 1, 1-11
Résumé [+] [-]New records of Thysanodonta from New Caledonia area are listed. Thysanodonta diadema n. sp., T. pileum n. sp. and T. cassis n. sp. are described and compared with similar Thysanodonta species from New Caledonia that are also illustrated. Seven Thysanodonta species are recognised by now in New Caledonia, a eighth species occuring in the neighbouring Chesterfield Islands.
Castro P., 2007, A reappraisal of the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) and revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, with the description of 10 new genera and 18 new species, Zoosystema, 29, 4, 609-774
Résumé [+] [-]A reappraisal of the taxonomy of the brachyuran crabs belonging to the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 sensu lato has resulted in the revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, which combines the subfamilies Goneplacinae MacLeay, 1838 and Carcinoplacinae H. Milne Edwards, 1852. Most of the 66 species of Goneplacinae sensu stricto that are listed herein inhabit relatively deep water and are infrequently collected. The subfamily Goneplacinae sensu stricto now consists of 17 genera of which 10 are being described as new: Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, with 18 species of which four are new; Entricoplax n. gen., monotypic; Exopheticus n. gen., with two species; Goneplacoides n. gen., monotypic; Goneplax Leach, 1814, with four species; Hadroplax n. gen., monotypic; Menoplax n. gen., monotypic; Microgoneplax n. gen., with five species of which four are new; Neogoneplax n. gen., with three species of which two are new; Neommatocarcinus Takeda & Miyake, 1969, monotypic; Notonyx A. Milne-Edwards, 1873, with three species; Ommatocarcinus White, 1852, with four species; Paragoneplax n. gen., monotypic; Psopheticus Wood-Mason, 1892, with four species; Pycnoplax n. gen., with five species of which one is new; Singhaplax Serene & Soh, 1976, with seven species of which four are new; and Thyraplax n. gen., with five species of which three are new. All goneplacine genera are exclusive to the Indo-West Pacific region (plus contiguous temperate areas) except Goneplax, which is so far known mostly from the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions. Four nominal species described by other authors were found to be junior subjective synonyms for other species: Carcinoplax verdensis Rathbun, 1914 and C polita Guinot, 1989 synonymous of C specularis Rathbun, 1914; Goneplax megalops Komatsu & Takeda, 2003 of Goneplacoides marivenae (Komatsu & Takeda, 2003) n. comb.; and Psopheticus insolitus Guinot, 1990 of P stridulans Wood-Mason, 1892.
Fraussen, Koen, Kantor, Yuri I., Hadorn, Roland, 2007, Amiantofusus gen. nov. for Fusus amiantus Dall, 1889 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) with description of a new extensive Indo-West Pacific radiation, Novapex, 8, 3-4, 79-101
Résumé [+] [-]In the present paper we describe the new genus Amiantofusus gen. nov. to accommodate the Atlantic species Fusus amiantus Dall, 1889. The genus belongs to Fasciolariidae and this family is confirmed as distinct from Buccinidae, based on anatomical differences. We add an Indo-West Pacific fauna of seven species described as new to science: miantofusus pacificus sp. nov. (North Fiji Basin, New Caledonia, southern Coral Sea, south West Pacific), A. gloriabundus sp. nov. (North Fiji Basin, Vitiaz Zone), A. sebalis sp. nov. (New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, Vanuatu), A. candoris sp. nov. (Chesterfield Islands, Fairway), A. maestratii sp. nov. (New Caledonia), A. borbonica sp. nov. (Reunion) and A. cartilago sp. nov. (Mozambique Channel). In addition we add two unnamed species: A. species 1 (North Fiji Basin) and A. species 2 (Vanuatu). Fusus thielei Schepman, 1911 is briefly discussed, the generic placement is still uncertain.
Kantor, Yuri I., Bouchet, Philippe, 2007, Out of Australia: Belloliva (Neogastropoda: Olividae) in the Coral Sea and New Caledonia, American Malacological Bulletin, 22, 1, 27-73
O’Hara, Timothy D., 2007, Seamounts: centres of endemism or species richness for ophiuroids?, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16, 6, 720-732
Vilvens, Claude, 2007, New species and new records of Calliotropis (Gastropoda: Chilodontidae: Calliotropinae) from Indo-Pacific., Novapex, 8, H.S. 5, 1-72
Résumé [+] [-]New records of 25 Calliotropis species from the Indo-Pacific area are listed, extending the distribution area of some of them. 30 new species and 1 new subspecies are described and compared with similar Calliotropis species : C. conoeides n. sp.; C. helix n. sp.; C. cynee n. sp.; C. chalkeie n. sp.; C. ptykte n. sp.; C. solomonensis n. sp.; C. pistis n. sp.; C. echidnoides n. sp.; C. cycloeides n. sp.; C. pyramoeides n. sp.; C. coopertorium n. sp.; C. asphales n. sp.; C. nux n. sp.; C. oros n. sp.; C. oros marquisensis n. ssp.; C. zone n. sp.; C. hysterea n. sp.; C. stegos n. sp.; C. oregmene n. sp.; C. cooperculum n. sp.; C. keras n. sp.; C. denticulus n. sp.; C. dicrous n. sp.; C. rostrum n. sp.; C. pheidole n. sp.; C. siphaios n. sp.; C. nomisma n. sp.; C. nomismasimilis n. sp.; C. elephas n. sp.; C. ostrideslithos n. sp.; C. trieres n. sp.
Baba, Keiji, Macpherson, Enrique, Poore, Gary C. B., Ahyong, Shane T., Bermudez, Adriana, Cabezas, Patricia, Lin, Chia-Wei, Nizinski, Martha, Rodrigues, Celso, Schnabel, Kareen E., 2008, Catalogue of squat lobsters of the world (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura - families Chirostylidae, Galatheidae and Kiwaidae), Zootaxa, 1905, 1-220
Résumé [+] [-]Taxonomic and ecological interest in squat lobsters has grown considerably over the last two decades. A checklist of the 870 current valid species of squat lobsters of the world (families Chirostylidae, Galatheidae and Kiwaidae) is presented. The compilation includes the complete taxonomic synonymy and geographical distribution of each species plus type information (type locality, repository and registration number). The numbers of described species in the world's major ocean basins are summarised.
Baba, Keiji, 2008, TORBENELLA, A REPLACEMENT NAME FOR TORBENIA BABA, 2005 (DECAPODA, GALATHEIDAE) PREOCCUPIED BY TORBENIA LIBERT, 2000 (INSECTA, LEPIDOPTERA, LYCAENIDAE), Crustaceana, 81, 8, 1021-1022
Bouchet, Philippe, Petit, Richard E., 2008, New species and new records of southwest Pacific Cancellariidae (Gastropoda), The Nautilus, 122, 1, 1-18
Résumé [+] [-]Fifteen species of Cancellariidae referable to the genera Zeadmete, Admetula, Fusiaphera, Nipponaphera, and Trigonostoma are reported from depths between 200 and 700 m in New Caledonia and other island groups in the southwest Pacific. Twelve are new species: Zeadmete bathyomon new species, Zeadmete physomon new species, Zeadmete bilix new species, Admetula affluens new species, Admetula marshalli new species, Admetula bathynoma new species, Admetula lutea new species, Admetula emarginata new species, Nipponaphera argo new species, Nipponaphera agastor new species, Nipponaphera tuba new species, and Trigonostoma tryblium new species. All the Recent nominal species of Fusiaphera described from localities throughout the Indo-Pacific area Lire considered to be conspecific, the senior name being Fusiaphera macrospira (Adams and Reeve, 1.850), now with ten synonyms. The ranges of Nipponaphera nodosivaricosa (Petuch, 1.979) and Trigonostoma thysthlon Petit and Harasewych, 1987, are extended to the South Pacific.
BOYER, Franck, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, The genus Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 (Caenogastropoda: Marginellidae) in New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 389-436
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty five species attributed to Serrata Jousseaume, 1875 are recognized from the bathyal zone of New Caledonia. Four of these, S. beatrix (Cossignani, 2001), S. tuii (Cossignani, 2001), S. stylaster (Boyer, 2001) and S. boucheti (Boyer, 2001), were previously described in other genera, and 31 other species are here described as new. This series of 35 Serrata species from New Caledonia increases fi ve-fold the Recent specifi c diversity recognized in the genus. The diversity of Serrata species from New Caledonia is inferred to be very partially known, based on the fact that 31% of the identifi ed species are represented in the collections by only one specimen and that 51% were collected at only single stations. The important Serrata fauna documented here has an asymmetrical geographical distribution in New Caledonia, the highest diversity of species being found off far southern New Caledonia and on the northern Norfolk Ridge. The Serrata fauna from New Caledonia, the Loyalty Ridge and the Norfolk Ridge appears to be isolated in the southwest Pacifi c, but it has affi nities with several species occurring in the fossil or Recent fauna of Australia and New Zealand. The fossil distribution of Serrata extends from the Eocene of Alabama to the Pliocene of New Zealand. The distribution of the genus in the Recent seems to be restricted mostly to the southern Indo-Pacifi c latitudes from Cape Agulhas to the Tuamotu Islands, with maximum diversity from the Australian Platform to the Norfolk and New Caledonia Ridges. The fossil genera Euryentome Cossmann, 1899 and Conuginella Laseron, 1957 and the Recent genera Deviginella Laseron, 1957 and Serrataginella Coovert & Coovert, 1995 are proposed as junior synonyms of Serrata. Marginella anatina Lea, 1833 is used instead of Euryentome silabra Palmer, 1937 as the valid name for the type species of the genus Euryentome. The fossil genus Strombiginella Laseron, 1957 is placed in synonymy with the recent genus Hydroginella Laseron, 1957. Serrata and Hydroginella do not seem more closely related to each other than they are to Volvarina-Prunum or to the Austroginella and Dentimargo groups. The “Serrata Group” sensu Coovert & Coovert 1995, composed of Hydroginella, Serrata and 3 synonymous genera, is rejected as being a possibly polyphyletic assemblage. The high disparity in the specifi c shell morphologies of Serrata, the frequent combination of features found as typical in Volvarina and Dentimargo in the Recent, the occurrence of many morphological intergrades between these genera since the Mid-Eocene of the western Tethys sea, and the higher specifi c frequency of the plesiomorphic character of a radula with numerous cusps, together suggest that the genus Serrata may be situated near the base of the common stem from which most of the Recent groups of the Volvarina-Dentimargo complex have differentiated.
Dohrmann, Martin, Janussen, Dorte, Reitner, Joachim, Collins, Allen, Worheide, Gert, 2008, Phylogeny and Evolution of Glass Sponges (Porifera, Hexactinellida), Systematic Biology, 57, 3, 388-405
doi: 10.1080/10635150802161088 Résumé [+] [-]Reconstructing the phylogeny of sponges (Porifera) is one of the remaining challenges to resolve the metazoan Tree of Life and is a prerequisite for understanding early animal evolution. Molecular phylogenetic analyses for two of the three extant classes of the phylum, Demospongiae and Calcarea, are largely incongruent with traditional classifications, most likely because of a paucity of informative morphological characters and high levels of homoplasy. For the third class, Hexactinellida (glass sponges)-predominantly deep-sea inhabitants with unusual morphology and biology - we present the first molecular phylogeny, along with a cladistic analysis of morphological characters. We collected 18S, 28S, and mitochondrial 16S ribosomal DNA sequences of 34 glass sponge species from 27 genera, 9 families, and 3 orders and conducted partitioned Bayesian analyses using RNA secondary structure-specific substitution models (paired-sites models) for stem regions. Bayes factor comparisons of different paired-sites models against each other and conventional (independent-sites) models revealed a significantly better fit of the former but, contrary to previous predictions, the least parameter-rich of the tested paired-sites models provided the best fit to our data. In contrast to Demospongiae and Calcarea, our rDNA phylogeny agrees well with the traditional classification and a previously proposed phylogenetic system, which we ascribe to a more informative morphology in Hexactinellida. We find high support for a close relationship of glass sponges and Demospongiae sensu stricto, though the latter may be paraphyletic with respect to Hexactinellida. Homoscleromorpha appears to be the sister group of Calcarea. Contrary to most previous findings from rDNA, we recover Porifera as monophyletic, although support for this clade is low under paired-sites models.
Fedesov, Alexander E., Kantor, Yuri I., 2008, Toxoglossan gastropods of the subfamily Crassispirinae (Turridae) lacking a radula, and a discussion of the status of the subfamily Zemaciinae, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 74, 1, 27-35
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eym042 Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Horaiclavus, lacking radula, venom gland and proboscis, are described. The genus is placed in the subfamily Crassispirinae (Turridae). Both species possess a peculiar foregut structure, the muscular rhynchodaeal outgrowth situated in the rhynchocoel. The possible function of the rhynchodaeal outgrowth is discussed. Other studied species of Horaiclavus possess a radula of a typical ‘crassispirine’ type but lack the outgrowth. The anatomy of the foregut of the new species is superficially similar to that of Zemacies excelsa (Turridae: Zemaciinae), which also possesses an additional structure of the rhynchocoel, namely the ‘pyriform gland’. Conchologically, there is no resemblance between Zemacies and Horaiclavus and it is concluded that similar foregut arrangement appeared independently in both lineages. A new monotypic subfamily Zemaciinae was erected mostly on the basis of the unique foregut arrangement of Zemacies excelsa. We express doubts concerning the importance of these characters in establishing a new taxon of subfamilial rank and therefore the validity of the subfamily Zemaciinae.
Lozouet, Pierre, Maestrati, Philippe, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, A quarter-century of deep-sea malacological exploration in the South and West Pacific: Where do we stand? How far to go?, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]The Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD, formerly ORSTOM) and Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) launched in the early 1980s a suite of oceanographic expeditions to sample the deep-water benthos of the tropical South and West Pacific, with emphasis on the 100-1,500 m bathymetric zone. This paper reviews the development of this programme to date. It describes the procedures involved in curating the material collected and the involvement of an international network of taxonomic experts to identify, describe and name the molluscan fauna. So far, 1,028 species of molluscs have been recorded from the New Caledonia Exclusive Economic Zone from depths below 100 m, and 601 of these (58.4%) were new species. An additional 142 new species have been described from other South Pacifi c island groups (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Tonga, Marquesas Islands and Austral Islands). However, the hyper-diverse families have essentially remained untouched. Regional differences among island groups are high, and New Caledonia, which has been sampled best, shows several discrete areas of micro-endemism. We speculate that the deep-sea mollusc fauna of New Caledonia may amount to 15-20,000 species, and the corresponding number for the whole South Pacifi c may be in the order of 20-30,000 species.
Oliverio, Marco, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacific, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 481-585
Résumé [+] [-]This is a regional revision of the Coralliophilinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from the southwest Pacifi c, based on the material collected during recent expeditions to New Caledonia (including the Coral Sea, mainland New Caledonia, and the Loyalty Islands), Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji and Tonga. It is the fi rst revision of a tropical coralliophiline fauna based on large and extensive sampling, and it yielded a total of 97 coralliophiline species, 13 of them new: Coralliophila candidissima n. sp., C. bathus n. sp., C. norfolk n. sp., C. xenophila n. sp., C. cancellarioidea n. sp., Babelomurex natalabies n. sp., B. pallox n. sp., B. depressispiratus n. sp., B. macrocephalus n. sp., Hirtomurex marshalli n. sp., Mipus tonganus n. sp., M. alis n. sp., and M. boucheti n. sp. A lectotype is selected for Purpura monodonta Blainville, 1832. In addition, this survey resulted in new biogeographical records for 37 species from the southwest Pacifi c fauna. Regional endemicity may be as high as 17.5% (17 out of 97 species). The protoconchs of 47 species are fi gured by SEM. At least 68 species have planktotrophic development, while 10 species are probably lecithotrophic, either with a short pelagic phase or with a totally intracapsular develoment.
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2008, New records of deep-sea spider crabs of the genus Cyrtomaia Miers, 1886, from the Pacific Ocean, with description of a new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Majidae), Zootaxa, 1861, 17-28
Saito, Tomomi, Komai, Tomoyuki, 2008, A review of species of the genera Spongicola de Haan, 1844 and Paraspongicola de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Stenopodidea, Spongicolidae), Zoosystema, 30, 1, 87-147
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the deep-sea sponge-associated shrimp genera Spongicola de Haan, 1844 and Paraspongicola de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981 (Decapoda, Stenopodidea) is presented on the basis of rich collections made by French expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific, supplemented by collections preserved in various institutions in the world. Seven species are recognized in Spongicola, of which three are new to science: S. venustus de Haan, 1844, S. andamanicus Alcock, 1901, S. levigatus Hayashi & Ogawa, 1987, S. parvispinus Zarenkov, 1990, S. depressus n. sp. from Loyalty Islands, S. goyi n. sp. from Japan, Indonesia, New Caledonia and Vanuatu, and S. robustus n. sp. from Mauritius and Mozambique. Subspecific division of S. andamanicus Alcock, 190 1, proposed by de Saint Laurenr & Cleva (198 1), is abandoned, since our morphological analysis strongly suggests that the division does not reflect a population structure of the species; S. holthuisi de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 198 1, is also reduced to a junior synonym of S. andamanicus. Two species are recognized in Paraspongicola, both previously described, viz. P. pusillus de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981 and P. inflatus (de saint Laurent & Cleva, 198 1) n. comb., of which the latter is here transferred from Spongicola. Keys in aid for identification are provided for each genus. Geographic and bathymetric distributions of species are briefly discussed. Association with host sponges was verified for some species.
Scarabino, Victor, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, New species and new records of scaphopods from New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 215-268
Résumé [+] [-]Previous work that recorded 75 species of Scaphopoda in New Caledonian waters is augmented with study of new material from several expeditions. The number of species in the region is increased to 115. Of the 40 additional taxa, 28 are described as new, 7 are new records and 5 remain unidentifi ed. Material from New Caledonia previously identifi ed as Antalis phaneum (Dall, 1895) is now determined as A. albatrossae n. sp.; material previously identifi ed as Compressidentalium sedecimcostatum (Boissevain, 1906) is now determined as C. clathratum (Martens, 1881); Episiphon virgula (Hedley, 1903), formerly treated as a synonym of Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883, is revalidated; material previously identifi ed as Entalina mirifi ca (Smith, 1895) is now determined as E. dorsicostata Lamprell & Healy, 1998; Fissidentalium transversostriatum (Boissevain, 1906), previously synonymized with F. shoplandi (Jousseaume, 1894), is revalidated and the material previously reported from New Caledonia as the latter in fact belongs to the former. New synonyms: Episiphon jamiesoni Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with Gadilina insolita (Smith, 1894); Dentalium subrectum Jeffreys, 1883 and D. bisinuatum André, 1896 are synonymized with Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767); Laevidentalium arnoldi Lamprell & Healy, 1998 is synonymized with L. houbricki Scarabino, 1995; Bathoxiphus steineri Lamprell & Healy, 1998 and B. stanisici Lamprell & Healy, 1998 are synonymized with Solenoxiphus striatulus Chistikov, 1983. New records from the New Caledonian region: Striodentalium thetidis (Hedley, 1903), Fissidentalium waterhousae Lamprell & Healy, 1998, Calliodentalium crocinum (Dall, 1907), Gadilina pachypleura (Boissevain, 1906), Laevidentalium eburneum (Linné, 1767), Laevidentalium (?) sominium Okutani, 1964, Megaentalina mediocarinata (Boissevain, 1906).
Simone, Luiz Ricardo L., Cunha, Carlo M., 2008, Supplementary data for a recent revision of the genus Spinosipella (Bivalvia, Septibranchia), Strombus, 15, 1, 8-14
Résumé [+] [-]A supplementary list of material examined is provided, completing the list given in a recently published paper revising the genus Spinosipella worldwide (Simone & Cunha, 2008). Most of the material belongs to the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
Sirenko, Boris I., Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Bathyal chitons (Mollusca, Polyplacophora) from off New Caledonia and Vanuatu: families Callochitonidae, Ischnochitonidae and Loricidae, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 41-75
Résumé [+] [-]Study of deep-water chitons from around New Caledonia and Vanuatu has revealed 35 species, of which 25 species were identified to species and 10 only to genus. This article includes 7 new records for this area of which 4 are described as new species: Ischnochiton crassus Kaas, 1985, Stenosemus robustus Kaas, 1991, S. herosae n. sp., Connexochiton discernibilis Kaas, 1991, Loricella vanbellei n. sp., L. eernissei n. sp. and L. dellangeloi n. sp. In addition, Vermichiton vermiculus Kaas, 1991 is reviewed. Based on available biogeographic data it is proposed that Loricella originated off South Australia during the Oligocene, in a time of global cooling. Later, Loricella extended its range north up to Taiwan and east to Tonga, most likely remaining in the bathyal zone. These new discoveries add to the already high diversity and high proportion of endemics known from this region, and a speculative interpretation of these patterns is offered in conclusion.
- Alf, Axel, Kreipl, Kurt, 2009, An updated list of the recent Bolma species (Gastropoda: Turbinidae) with description of two new species from French Polynesia and New Caledonia, Novapex, 10, 1, 17-24
Barco, Marco oliverio Andrea, Richter, Alexandra, Modica, Maria Vittoria, 2009, The coralliophiline (Gastropoda: Muricidae) radiation: repeated colonizations of the deep sea?, The Nautilus, 123, 3, 113-120
Résumé [+] [-]The Coralliophilinae are a subfamily of Muricidae, with about 200-250 species, mostly from temperate and tropical oceans, that are associated with anthozoans on which they feed. We present here a phylogenetic hyothesis for the subfamily, based on DNA sequences (650 aligned positions) of the mitochondrial 12S rDNA from 42 coralliophilines and six other muricids, as well as one fasciolariid, which serves as the outgroup. Relationships among the muricid subfamilies were not resolved unequivocally, but coralliophiline monophyly was strongly supported. Two major clades emerged within the Coralliophilinae, both well supported in a Bayesian analysis. The genera Coralliophila and Babelomurex as commonly understood, are clearly polyphyletic and in need of redefinition. Our results indicate multiple, independent incursions of Coralliophilinae into deep water habitats, several producing subsequent radiations.
Bitner, Maria Aleksandra, 2009, Recent Brachiopoda from the Norfolk Ridge, New Caledonia, with description of four new species, Zootaxa, 2235, 1–39
Résumé [+] [-]Twenty-two brachiopod species belonging to 19 genera have been recognized in the material collected during two cruises, Norfolk 1 and Norfolk 2, to the Norfolk Ridge south of New Caledonia, at depths of 180 to 1150 m. Thirteen species are reported for the first time from this locality, while four genera, Aulites, Septicollarina, Annuloplatidia and Campages, are noted for the first time from the New Caledonian region. Thecidellina minuta is recorded for the first time from the Pacific. Four new species are described - Cryptopora norfolkensis sp. nov., Aulites crosnieri sp. nov., Septicollarina zezinae sp. nov. and Annuloplatidia richeri sp. nov. The distribution of the particular species and their abundance vary considerably between the 15 sampled seamounts, with Stenosarina crosnieri and Fallax neocaledonensis being most widely distributed, and the seamount Crypthelia having the highest biodiversity. The seamount brachiopods show considerable affinity to the brachiopods of adjacent regions, and only three species - C. norfolkensis, A. crosnieri and A. richeri - can be regarded as potential endemics. The brachiopod fauna is more similar to that in the area around Fiji than to that around Australasia.
- Lorenz F., Fehse D., 2009, The living Ovulidae: a manual of the families of allied cowries: Ovulidae, Pediculariidae and Eocypraeidae., ConchBooks
- Marshall, Bruce A., Oliverio, Marco, 2009, The Recent Coralliophilinae of the New Zealand region, with descriptions of two new species (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda: Muricidae), Molluscan Research, 29, 3, 155-173
Norman, Mark D., Boucher-Rodoni, renata, Hochberg, F.G., 2009, A new genus and two new species of mesobenthic octopuses from Australia and New Caledonia, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 75, 4, 323-336
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyp027 Résumé [+] [-]Trawl surveys off Western Australia and seamounts south of New Caledonia at depths between 375 and 545 m have yielded two species of a previously unknown genus of benthic octopus (Family: Octopodidae). Histoctopus n. gen. is described here and contains two new species, Histoctopus discus and Histoctopus zipkasae n. spp. The most distinctive morphological feature of this new genus is extreme web margin development along the length of the arms, widening towards the distal tips. Of all benthic octopuses, such web margin development only occurs in this new genus and three other distinct genera, Graneledone, Pteroctopus and Velodona (from comparable depths, typically >200 m). Due to significant morphological differences between these two genera and Histoctopus, we propose that the shared web margin development reflects convergence that is peculiar to a deeper-water habitat. The function of these web extensions remains unknown; they may aid in ensnaring or enveloping prey and/or provide lift while jet swimming off the seafloor.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, New genera, new species and new records of Indo-West Pacific spider crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura: Epialtidae: Majoidea), Zootaxa, 2025, 1-20
Résumé [+] [-]Three new genera and five new species of epialtid majoid crabs are described from deep water in the western Pacific. Two new species of Oxypleurodon Miers, 1886: O. sanctaeclausi n. sp. and O. annulatum n. sp. are described from the Philippines. New specimens of the rare Oxypleurodon carbunculum (Rathbun, 1906) from the Hawaiian Islands are also recorded. Three new genera are established: Garthinia n. gen. for G. disica n. sp. from the Solomon Islands; Guinotinia n. gen. for G. cordis n. sp. from New Caledonia and G. lehouarnoi n. sp. from Fiji and Tonga; and Laubierinia n. gen. for Sphenocarcinus nodosus Rathbun, 1916, and Rochinia carinata Griffin & Tranter, 1986.
Cabezas, Patricia, Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2010, Taxonomic revision of the genus Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae): a morphological and molecular approach., Zootaxa, 2712, 1-60
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Paramunida belongs to the family Galatheidae, one of the most species rich families among anomuran decapod crustaceans. In spite of the genus has received substantial taxonomic attention, subtle morphological variations observed in numerous samples suggest the existence of undescribed species. The examination of many specimens collected during recent expeditions and morphological and molecular comparisons with previously described species have revelaled the existence of eleven new lineages. All of them are distinguished by subtle and constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences reported for the mitochondrial markers ND1 and 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species, providing brief redescriptions for the previously known species, and a dichotomous identification key for all species in the genus.
Castelin, Magalie, Lambourdiere, Josie, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Lozouet, Pierre, Couloux, Arnaud, Cruaud, Corinne, Samadi, Sarah, 2010, Hidden diversity and endemism on seamounts: focus on poorly dispersive neogastropods, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 100, 2, 420–438
Résumé [+] [-]The seamounts chain offers a set of fragmented habitats in which species with poor dispersive ability may undergo divergence in allopatry. Such a scenario may explain the endemism often described on seamounts. In gastropods, it is possible to infer the mode of development of a species from the morphology of its larval shell. Accordingly, we examine the population genetics of several caenogastropods from the Norfolk and Lord Howe seamounts (south-west Pacific) with contrasting modes of larval development. A prerequisite to our study was to clarify the taxonomic framework. The species delimitation was ruled using an integrative approach, based on both morphological and molecular evidence. Molecular data indicate an unexpected taxonomic diversity within the existing species names. Both the clarification of the taxonomic framework and the importance of the sampling effort allow us to confidently detect cryptic diversity and micro-endemism. These results are discussed in relation to the dispersive capacities of the organisms. (C) 2010 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2010, 100, 420-438.
Kitahara, Marcelo V., Cairns, Stephen D., Stolarski, Jarosław, Blair, David, Miller, David J., DeSalle, Robert, 2010, A Comprehensive Phylogenetic Analysis of the Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) Based on Mitochondrial CO1 Sequence Data, PLoS ONE, 5, 7, e11490
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011490 Résumé [+] [-]Classical morphological taxonomy places the approximately 1400 recognized species of Scleractinia (hard corals) into 27 families, but many aspects of coral evolution remain unclear despite the application of molecular phylogenetic methods. In part, this may be a consequence of such studies focusing on the reef-building (shallow water and zooxanthellate) Scleractinia, and largely ignoring the large number of deep-sea species. To better understand broad patterns of coral evolution, we generated molecular data for a broad and representative range of deep sea scleractinians collected off New Caledonia and Australia during the last decade, and conducted the most comprehensive molecular phylogenetic analysis to date of the order Scleractinia. Methodology: Partial (595 bp) sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) gene were determined for 65 deep-sea (azooxanthellate) scleractinians and 11 shallow-water species. These new data were aligned with 158 published sequences, generating a 234 taxon dataset representing 25 of the 27 currently recognized scleractinian families. Principal Findings/Conclusions: There was a striking discrepancy between the taxonomic validity of coral families consisting predominantly of deep-sea or shallow-water species. Most families composed predominantly of deep-sea azooxanthellate species were monophyletic in both maximum likelihood and Bayesian analyses but, by contrast (and consistent with previous studies), most families composed predominantly of shallow-water zooxanthellate taxa were polyphyletic, although Acroporidae, Poritidae, Pocilloporidae, and Fungiidae were exceptions to this general pattern. One factor contributing to this inconsistency may be the greater environmental stability of deep-sea environments, effectively removing taxonomic "noise'' contributed by phenotypic plasticity. Our phylogenetic analyses imply that the most basal extant scleractinians are azooxanthellate solitary corals from deep-water, their divergence predating that of the robust and complex corals. Deep-sea corals are likely to be critical to understanding anthozoan evolution and the origins of the Scleractinia.
Kitahara, Marcelo V., Cairns, Stephen D., Miller, David J., 2010, Monophyletic origin of Caryophyllia (Scleractinia, Caryophylliidae), with descriptions of six new species, Systematics and Biodiversity, 8, 1, 91-118
doi: 10.1080/14772000903571088 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1816 is the most diverse genus within the azooxanthellate Scleractinia comprising 66 Recent species and a purported 195 nominal fossil species. Examination of part of the deep-sea scleractinian collection made by the Paris Museum off New Caledonia and part of the material collected by CSIRO off Australian waters revealed the occurrence of 23 species of Caryophyllia, of which six are new to science. All new records, including the new species, are described, and synonyms, distribution, type locality, type material and illustration are provided for each species. An identification key to all Recent species of Caryophyllia is presented. In addition, the validity of the genus Caryophyllia was investigated by phylogenetic analyses of a dataset consisting of partial mitochondrial 16S rRNA sequences from 12 species assigned to this genus together with seven species representing some of the most morphologically similar caryophylliid genera, and 14 non-caryophyllid species representing 14 scleractinian families. Irrespective of the method of analysis employed, all of the Caryophyllia species formed a well-supported clade together with Dasmosmilia lymani and Crispatotrochus rugosus. Although based on a subset of the Recent Caryophyllia species, these results are consistent with Caryophyllia being a valid genus, but call for a reexamination of Dasmosmilia and Crispatotrochus.
Macpherson, Enrique, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Schnabel, Kareen, Samadi, Sarah, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Garcia-Rubies, Antoni, 2010, Biogeography of the deep-sea galatheid squat lobsters of the Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 57, 2, 228-238
doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.11.002 Résumé [+] [-]We analyzed the distribution patterns of the galatheid squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) of the Pacific Ocean. We used the presence/absence data of 402 species along the continental slope and continental rise (200-2000 m) obtained from 54 cruises carried out in areas around the Philippines, Indonesia, Solomon, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna and French Polynesia. The total number of stations was ca. 3200. We also used published data from other expeditions carried out in the Pacific waters, and from an exhaustive search of ca. 600 papers on the taxonomy and biogeography of Pacific species. We studied the existence of biogeographic provinces using multivariate analyses, and present data on latitudinal and longitudinal patterns of species richness, rate of endemism and the relationship between body sizes with the size of the geographic ranges. Latitudinal species richness along the Western and Eastern Pacific exhibited an increase from higher latitudes towards the Equator. Longitudinal species richness decreased considerably from the Western to the Central Pacific. Size frequency distribution for body size was strongly shifted toward small sizes and endemic species were significantly smaller than non-endemics. This study concludes that a clear separation exists between the moderately poor galatheid fauna of the Eastern Pacific and the rich Western and Central Pacific faunas. Our results also show that the highest numbers of squat lobsters are found in the Coral Sea (Solomon-Vanuatu-New Caledonia islands) and Indo-Malay-Philippines archipelago (IMPA). The distribution of endemism along the Pacific Ocean indicates that there are several major centres of diversity, e.g. Coral Sea, IMPA, New Zealand and French Polynesia. The high proportion of endemism in these areas suggests that they have evolved independently. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
O’Hara, Timothy D., Tittensor, Derek P., 2010, Environmental drivers of ophiuroid species richness on seamounts: Ophiuroid seamount species richness, Marine Ecology, 31, Suppl. 1, 26-38
- Samadi, Sarah, Laure, CORBARI, Lorion, Julien, Hourdez, Stéphanie, Haga, Takuma, Dupont, Joëlle, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2010, Biodiversity of deep-sea organismes associated with sunken-wood ot other organic remains sampled in the tropical Indo-pacific, Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 51, 459-466
Bitner, Maria Aleksandra, 2011, Xenobrochus norfolkensis (Brachiopoda: Dyscoliidae), a new species from the Norfolk Ridge, New Caledonia, South-West Pacific, Carnets de Géologie/Notebooks on Geology, 5, 203–211
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Xenobrochus, with the type species Gryphus africanus COOPER, 1973, was erected for short-looped brachiopods of small size, rectimarginate and having a loop with anteriorly convex transverse band. A new species of Xenobrochus, X. norfolkensis sp. nov. has been identified in the material collected during the French cruises SMIB 8, NORFOLK 1 and NORFOLK 2 to the Norfolk Ridge, New Caledonia, SW Pacific. This species differs from those hitherto described in the absence of cardinal process and relatively wide outer hinge plates. The genus, represented now by nine species, has a distribution restricted to the Indian Ocean and West Pacific.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., Sysoev, Alexander V., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2011, A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77, 3, 273-308
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyr017 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus-level classification of the Conoidea is presented, based on the molecular phylogeny of Puillandre et al. in the accompanying paper. Fifteen lineages are recognized and ranked as families to facilitate continuity in the treatment of the names Conidae (for 'cones') and Terebridae in their traditional usage. The hitherto polyphyletic 'Turridae' is now resolved as 13 monophyletic families, in which the 358 currently recognized genera and subgenera are placed, or tentatively allocated: Conorbidae (2 (sub) genera), Borsoniidae (34), Clathurellidae (21), Mitromorphidae (8), Mangeliidae (60), Raphitomidae (71), Cochlespiridae (9), Drilliidae (34), Pseudomelatomidae (=Crassispiridae) (59), Clavatulidae (14), Horaiclavidae new family (28), Turridae s. s. (16) and Strictispiridae (2). A diagnosis with description of the shell and radulae is provided for each of these families.
Castelin, Magalie, Puillandre, Nicolas, Lozouet, Pierre, Sysoev, Alexander, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Samadi, Sarah, 2011, Molluskan species richness and endemism on New Caledonian seamounts: Are they enhanced compared to adjacent slopes?, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 58, 6, 637-646
doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2011.03.008 Résumé [+] [-]Seamounts were often considered as‘hotspots of diversity’ and ‘centers of endemism’,but recently this opinion has been challenged. After 25 years of exploration and the work of numerous taxonomists, the Norfolk Ridge (Southwest Pacific) is probably one of the best-studied seamount chains worldwide. However,even in this intensively explored area, the richness and the geographic patterns of diversity are still poorly characterized. Among the benthic organisms,the post-mortem remains of mollusks can supplement live records to comprehensively document geographical distrbutions. Moreover, the accretionary growth of mollusk shells informs us about the lifes pan of the pelagic larva.To compare diversity and level of endemism between the Norfolk Ridge seamounts and the continental slopes of New Caledonia we used species occurrence data drawn from (i) the taxonomic literature on mollusks and (ii) a raw dataset of mainly undescribed deep-sea species of the hyperdiverse Turridae. Patterns of endemism and species richness were analyzed through quantitative indices of endemism and species richness estimates or metrics.To date, 403 gastropods and bivalves species have been recorded on the Norfolk Ridge seamounts. Of these, at least 38 species(10%) are potentially endemic to the seamounts and nearly all of 38 species have protoconchs indicating lecithotrophic larval development. Overall, our results suggest that estimates of species richness and endemism ,when sampling effort is taken into account, were not significantly different between slopes and seamounts. By including in our analyses 347 undescribed morphospecies from the Norfolk Ridge, our results also demonstratet he influence of taxonomic bias on our estimates of species richness and endemism.
Laurent, Elodie, 2011, Caractérisation et cartographie du substrat des fonds marins de la Zone Economique Exclusive de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Sud-ouest Pacifique)
Résumé [+] [-]La caractérisation du substrat des fonds marins est une première étape fondamentale pour la prédiction des habitats benthiques, la gestion des ressources biologiques ou encore l’inventaire des ressources minérales. Ce travail est d’autant plus essentiel lorsque l’on traite la Zone Economique Exclusive (ZEE) de Nouvelle-Calédonie considérée, à l’échelle globale, comme une des régions les plus riches en termes de biodiversité marine. Ce stage, qui a pour but de cartographier la nature des fonds de la ZEE, s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet de mise en place d’une politique de « gestion intégrée de l’Espace maritime de la Nouvelle-Calédonie ». La méthodologie employée pour répondre à cet objectif a consisté à traiter l’ensemble des données d’imagerie acoustique acquises pour la plupart au cours des campagnes ZoNéCo et à les corréler aux prélèvements disponibles. Ce travail a permis de réaliser la carte de réflectivité des fonds marins couvrant 34 % de la ZEE et la mise à jour de la base de données des prélèvements comptabilisant aujourd’hui plus de 880 échantillons. L'examen approfondi de ces nouvelles données a permis de créer une classification adaptée à la Nouvelle-Calédonie s'inspirant des normes européennes EUNIS. Au final, deux cartes ont été produites : (i) une carte présentant la dureté des fonds marins de la ZEE et (ii) une carte présentant la nature et le type de substrat de la ZEE. Ces nouveaux résultats révèlent la présence de grands ensembles sédimentaires et la découverte de nouvelles structures géologiques. Sur un plan appliqué, ce travail a amélioré la connaissance des ressources minérales de la ZEE et a permis de créer les couches d’informations utiles aux futurs travaux de prédiction des habitats benthiques marins. Il a enfin été l’occasion de dresser des préconisations visant à réduire les incertitudes et orienter les travaux futurs.
Luque, Ángel A., Geiger, Daniel L., Rolán, Emilio, 2011, A revision of the genus Satondella Bandel, 1998 (Gastropoda, Scissurellidae), Molluscan Research, 31, 1, 1-14
Résumé [+] [-]This revision of the scissurellid genus Satondella Bandel, 1998 is mainly based on shell characters due to the availability of only a few live collected specimens. There are seven Recent species (two described as new) and one Eocene fossil. Satondella minuta Bandel, 1998, the type species from Indonesia, is redescribed and its range extended to New Caledonia, Solomon and Fiji Islands. Satondella tabulata (Watson, 1886) is only known from type material off Culebra Island (Puerto Rico); lectotype and paralectotypes are here designated, and similar material from the Indo-Pacific is discussed. Satondella brasiliensis (Mattar, 1987) is another W. Atlantic species, ranging from Bermuda to Brazil. Satondella senni (Geiger, 2003) is only known from the E. Pacific (Easter Island) and Satondella danieli Segers, Swinnen & Abreu, 2009 from the NE. Atlantic Ocean (Desertas and Madeira Islands). The two new species are distributed through the E. Indian and W. Pacific oceans (S. cachoi n. sp.) and W. Pacific (S. dantarti n. sp.). The Tongan Eocene fossil S. kondoi (Ladd, 1970) is redescribed and illustrated with SEM images. Satondella brasiliensis and S. cachoi have a typical scissurellid radula, except for uniquely having one cusp on the inner edge of the third lateral. The monophyly of the genus is discussed, since species currently included in Satondella show two clearly different shell patterns but all share the unique chimney-like foramen.
Mah, Christopher, Foltz, David, 2011, Molecular phylogeny of the Forcipulatacea (Asteroidea: Echinodermata): systematics and biogeography, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 162, 3, 646-660
doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00688.x Résumé [+] [-]We present a comprehensively sampled three-gene phylogeny of the monophyletic Forcipulatacea, one of three major lineages within the crown-group Asteroidea. We present substantially more Southern Hemisphere and deep-sea taxa than were sampled in previous molecular studies of this group. Morphologically distinct groups, such as the Brisingida and the Zoroasteridae, are upheld as monophyletic. Brisingida is supported as the derived sister group to the Asteriidae (restricted), rather than as a basal taxon. The Asteriidae is paraphyletic, and is broken up into the Stichasteridae and four primary asteriid clades: (1) a highly diverse boreal clade, containing members from the Arctic and sub-Arctic in the Northern Hemisphere; (2) the genus Sclerasterias; (3) and (4) two sister clades that contain asteriids from the Antarctic and pantropical regions. The Stichasteridae, which was regarded as a synonym of the Asteriidae, is resurrected by our results, and represents the most diverse Southern Hemisphere forcipulatacean clade (although two deep-sea stichasterid genera occur in the Northern Hemisphere). The Labidiasteridae is artificial, and should be synonymized into the Heliasteridae. The Pedicellasteridae is paraphyletic, with three separate clades containing pedicellasterid taxa emerging among the basal Forcipulatacea. Fossils and timing estimates from species-level phylogeographic studies are consistent with prior phylogenetic hypotheses for the Forcipulatacea, suggesting diversification of basal taxa in the early Mesozoic, with some evidence for more widely distributed ranges from Cretacous taxa. Our analysis suggests a hypothesis of an older fauna present in the Antarctic during the Eocene, which was succeeded by a modern Antarctic fauna that is represented by the recently derived Antarctic Asteriidae and other forcipulatacean lineages.
O'Hara, Timothy D., Rowden, Ashley A., Bax, Nicholas J., 2011, A Southern Hemisphere Bathyal Fauna Is Distributed in Latitudinal Bands, Current Biology, 21, 3, 226-230
doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2011.01.002 Résumé [+] [-]The large-scale spatial distribution of seafloor fauna is still poorly understood. In particular, the bathyal zone has been identified as the key depth stratum requiring further macro- ecological research [ 1 ], particularly in the Southern Hemi- sphere [ 2 ]. Here we analyze a large biological data set derived from 295 research expeditions, across an equator- to-pole sector of the Indian, Pacific, and Southern oceans, to show that the bathyal ophiuroid fauna is distributed in three broad latitudinal bands and not primarily differentiated by oceanic basins as previously assumed. Adjacent faunas form transitional ecoclines rather than biogeographical breaks. This pattern is similar to that in shallow water despite the order-of-magnitude reduction in the variability of environmental parameters at bathyal depths. A reliable biogeography is fundamental to establishing a representative network of marine reserves across the world’s oceans [1, 3].
Puillandre, Nicolas, Macpherson, Enrique, Lambourdière, Josie, Cruaud, Corinne, Boisselier-Dubayle, Marie-Catherine, Samadi, Sarah, 2011, Barcoding type specimens helps to identify synonyms and an unnamed new species in Eumunida Smith, 1883 (Decapoda: Eumunididae), Invertebrate Systematics, 25, 4, 322-333
doi: 10.1071/IS11022 Résumé [+] [-]The primary purpose of DNA-barcoding projects is to generate an efficient expertise and identification tool. This is an important challenge to the taxonomy of the 21st century, as the demand increases and the expert capacity does not. However, identifying specimens using DNA-barcodes requires a preliminary analysis to relate molecular clusters to available scientific names. Through a case study of the genus Eumunida (Decapoda : Eumunididae), we illustrate how naming molecule-based units, and thus providing an accurate DNA-based identification tool, is facilitated by sequencing type specimens. Using both morphological and unlinked molecular markers (COI and 28S genes), we analysed 230 specimens from 12 geographic areas, covering two-thirds of the known diversity of the genus, including type specimens of 13 species. Most hypotheses of species delimitation are validated, as they correspond to molecular units linked to only one taxonomic name (and vice versa). However, a putative cryptic species is also revealed and three entities previously named as distinct species may in fact belong to a single one, and thus need to be synonymised. Our analyses, which integrate the current naming rules, enhance the a-taxonomy of the genus and provide an effective identification tool based on DNA-barcodes. They illustrate the ability of DNA-barcodes, especially when type specimens are included, to pinpoint where a taxonomic revision is needed.
Schnabel, K.E., Ahyong, Shane T., Maas, E.W., 2011, Galatheoidea are not monophyletic – Molecular and morphological phylogeny of the squat lobsters (Decapoda: Anomura) with recognition of a new superfamily, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58, 2, 157-168
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.11.011 Résumé [+] [-]The monophyletic status of the squat lobster superfamily Galatheoidea has come under increasing doubt by studies using evidence as diverse as larval and adult somatic morphology, sperm ultrastructure, and molecular data. Here we synthesize phylogenetic data from these diverse strands, with the addition of new molecular and morphological data to examine the phylogeny of the squat lobsters and assess the status of the Galatheoidea. A total of 64 species from 16 of the 17 currently recognised anomuran families are included. Results support previous work pointing towards polyphyly in the superfamily Galatheoidea and Paguroidea, specifically, suggesting independent origins of the Galatheidae + Porcellanidae and the Chirostylidae + Kiwaidae. Morphological characters are selected that support clades resolved in the combined analysis and the taxonomic status of Galatheoidea sensu lato is revised. Results indicate that Chirostylidae are more closely related to an assemblage including Aegloidea, Lomisoidea and Paguroidea than to the remaining Galatheoidea and are referred to the superfamily Chirostyloidea to include the Chirostylidae and Kiwaidae. A considerable amount of research highlighting morphological differences supporting this split is discussed. The Galatheoidea sensu stricto is restricted to the families Galatheidae and Porcellanidae, and diagnoses for both Chirostyloidea and Galatheoidea are provided. Present results highlight the need for a detailed revision of a number of taxa, challenge some currently used morphological synapomorphies, and emphasise the need for integrated studies with wide taxon sampling and multiple data sources to resolve complex phylogenetic questions. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Cabezas, Patricia, Sanmartín, Isabel, Paulay, Gustav, Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2012, Deep under the sea: unraveling the evolutionary history of the deep-sea squat lobster Paramunida (Decapoda, Munididae), Evolution, 66, 6, 1878-1896
doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01560.x Résumé [+] [-]The diversification of Indo-Pacific marine fauna has long captivated the attention of evolutionary biologists. Previous studies have mainly focused on coral reef or shallow water-associated taxa. Here, we present the first attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary historyphylogeny, diversification, and biogeographyof a deep-water lineage. We sequenced the molecular markers 16S, COI, ND1, 18S, and 28S for nearly 80% of the nominal species of the squat lobster genus Paramunida. Analyses of the molecular phylogeny revealed an accelerated diversification in the late OligoceneMiocene followed by a slowdown in the rate of lineage accumulation over time. A parametric biogeographical reconstruction showed the importance of the southwest Pacific area, specifically the island arc of Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis, and Futuna, for diversification of squat lobsters, probably associated with the global warming, high tectonic activity, and changes in oceanic currents that took place in this region during the OligoceneMiocene period. These results add strong evidence to the hypothesis that the Neogene was a period of major diversification for marine organisms in both shallow and deep waters.
Cairns, Stephen, Kitahara, Marcelo, 2012, An illustrated key to the genera and subgenera of the Recent azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa), with an attached glossary, ZooKeys, 227, 1-47
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.227.3612 Résumé [+] [-]The 120 presently recognized genera and seven subgenera of the azooxanthellate Scleractinia are keyed using gross morphological characters of the corallum. All genera are illustrated with calicular and side views of coralla. All termes used in the key are defined in an illustrated glossary. A table of all species-level keys, both comprehensive and faunistic, is provided covering the last 40 years.
Castelin, Magalie, Lorion, Julien, Brisset, Julien, Cruaud, Corinne, Maestrati, Philippe, Utge, Jose, Samadi, Sarah, 2012, Speciation patterns in gastropods with long-lived larvae from deep-sea seamounts, Molecular Ecology, 21, 19, 4828-4853
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05743.x Résumé [+] [-]Characterizing speciation processes in the sea remains a highly contentious issue because geographic barriers to gene exchange, which are the initial conditions for the allopatric speciation model, are not obvious. Moreover, many benthic marine organisms have long-lived planktonic larvae that allow them to connect distant patches of habitats. We here analyse the pattern of speciation in the gastropod genus Bursa in which all species have long-lived and planktonic-feeding larvae. We use a large taxonomic and ecologic coverage of Bursidae from the Indo-Pacific. We use an integrative approach to taxonomy to give more support to available taxonomic hypotheses. This analysis revealed cryptic lineages and suggest that a taxonomic revision of the family should be performed. A molecular clock calibrated from the fossil record was used to estimate divergence times. We then focus on the three co-existing species living in the deep waters of New Caledonia. Over the wide sampled area, no genetic structure was detected for the three species. We show that among New Caledonia species, Bursa fijiensis and Bursa quirihorai are reciprocally monophyletic. These two species are the two more closely related species in the inferred phylogeny. The present biogeographic ranges of the two species and the estimated time of divergence make the scenario of geographic isolation followed by secondary contact unlikely.
- Geiger, Daniel L., 2012, Monograph of the little slit shells. Volume 1. Introduction, Scissurellidae, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Monographs, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 1, 7
- Geiger, Daniel L., 2012, Monograph of the little slit shells. Volume 2. Anatomidae, Larocheidae, Depressizonidae, Sutilizonidae, Temnocinclidae, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Monographs, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 2, 7
Geiger, Daniel L., Marshall, Bruce A., 2012, New species of Scissurellidae, Anatomidae, and Larocheidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) from New Zealand and beyond, Zootaxa, 3344, 1-33
Résumé [+] [-]Thirteen new species of Scissurellidae (Scissurella regalis n. sp., Sinezona mechanica n. sp., Sinezona platyspira n. sp., Sinezona enigmatica n. sp., Sinezona wanganellica n. sp., Satondella azonata n. sp., Satondella bicristata n. sp.), Anatomidae (Anatoma amydra n. sp., Anatoma kopua n. sp., Anatoma megascutula n. sp., Anatoma tangaroa n. sp.), and Larocheidae (Larochea spirata n. sp., Larocheopsis macrostoma n. sp.) are described, all of which occur in New Zealand waters. The greatest geographic source of new taxa is the islands and underwater features off northern New Zealand. The new shell-morphological term "sutsel" is introduced for the area between the SUTure and the SELenizone.
Houart, Roland, 2012, The Timbellus richeri complex (Gastropoda: Muricidae) in the southwest Pacific, Novapex, 13, 3-4, 91-101
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Timbellus are described from the Coral Sea and the New Caledonia region with extension to Fiji, Tonga and the Kermadec Islands for one species. Both species are compared to T. richeri (Houart, 1987) and T. vespertilio (Kuroda, 1959). Nine species of the genus Timbellus are recorded from the Coral Sea and the New Caledonia region. Ouly one, T. bilobatus n. sp. Is known from other localities in the Indo-West Pacific province.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, Rivasseau, Audrey, Bouchet, Philippe, 2012, Neither a buccinid nor a turrid: a new family of deep-sea snails for Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883 (Mollusca, Neogastropoda) with a review of recent Indo-Pacific species, Zootaxa, 3496, 1-64
Résumé [+] [-]The new family Belomitridae is established for the deep-water buccinoid genus Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883, based on morphological (shell and radulae) and molecular evidence. The rachiglossate radula is uniquely characterized by a multicuspid rachidian and lateral teeth with very long narrow bases and two small cusps closer to tip. Molecular analysis of a reduced set of Buccinoidea did not resolve the group as a clade, but shows that Belomitridae forms a well supported clade within Buccinoidea. Species of Belomitra have adult sizes in the 7-53 mm range; they live in deep water, mostly in the 500-2,000 meters range, at low and mid latitudes. Eleven valid species described from the Indo-Pacific were originally named in the families Buccinidae, Columbellidae, Cancellariidae, Volutidae, and Turridae. Fourteen new species are described: Belomitra nesiotica n. sp. (Society Islands to Tonga and Fiji in 580-830 m), B. bouteti n. sp. (Society and Tuamotu Islands in 430-830 m), B. subula n. sp. (Solomon Islands to Vanuatu in 760-1110 m), B. caudata n. sp. (Sulu Sea in 2300 m), B. gymnobela n. sp. (South Pacific, eastern Indonesia and Philippines in 780-2040 m), B. hypsomitra n. sp. (Fiji in 392-407 m), B. brachymitra n. sp. (Fiji in 395-540 m), B. comitas n. sp. (Madagascar and Philippines in 1075-1110 m), B. minutula (Coral Sea in 490 m), B. granulata n. sp. (New Caledonia in 105-860 m), B. reticulata n. sp. (Tonga and Fiji to New Caledonia in 395-656 m), B. decapitata n. sp. (Indian Ocean and New Caledonia in 3680-4400 m), B. admete n. sp. (off Sri Lanka in 2540 m), and B. radula n. sp. (Madagascar in 367-488 m).
- Hemery, Lenaïg G., Roux, MICHEL, Ameziane, Nadia, Eleaume, Marc, 2013, High-resolution crinoid phyletic inter-relationships derived from molecular data, Cahiers de Biologie marine, 54, 511-523
Lemaitre, Rafael, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin-Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea, Parapaguridae): A worldwide review and summary, with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 311-421
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the deep-water hermit crab species of the genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 from the world oceans is presented. The core specimen base for this study has come primarily from the abundant collections of species of this genus obtained during French campaigns over the last four decades, and complemented with numerous specimens from many other deep-sea expeditions and deposited in various museum holdings around the world. Paragiopagurus is one of the most speciose genus among the Parapaguridae Smith, 1882, although it is considered a phylogenetically heterogeneous assemblage and does not appear to have an apomorphy of its own. Bathymetrically, the species range in depth from 36 to 2034 m, although they occur most frequently between 200 and 1000 m. The species utilize as housing, gastropod shells (or rarely scaphopod shells, siliceous sponges, or hollow pieces of wood) that may or may not be colonized by actinians or zoanthids. In this review, 24 species are recognized, of which five are new, P. laperousei n. sp., P. orthotenes n. sp., P. oxychelos n. sp., P. trilineatus n. sp., and P. umbonatus n. sp. The new species are fully described and illustrated. All previously known species of the genus are diagnosed or redescribed, and previously published illustrations of important taxonomic characters assembled and complemented, when useful, with new illustrations. The treatment of each species includes a full synonymy, materials examined (type and non-types), colouration, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Colour photographs are included for 14 of the species. Parapagurus curvispina de Saint Laurent, 1974, a species tentatively moved after its description to Sympagurus Smith, 1883 and then to Paragiopagurus, is herein transferred with certainty to Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996. Parapagurus spinimanus Balss, 1911, a species that had been incorrectly placed in Paragiopagurus, is herein moved to Sympagurus. Parapagurus sculptochela Zarenkov, 1990, a taxon previously considered a junior synonym of Paragiopagurus boletifer (de Saint Laurent, 1972), is herein resurrected as a valid species of Paragiopagurus. The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Paragiopagurus species are summarized and briefly discussed, including a summary table, graph, and map with generalized distribution patterns.
Ma, Ka Yan, Chu, Ka Hou, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The deep-sea spiny lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palinuridae), with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 191-230
Résumé [+] [-]Recent French deep-sea expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific resulted in the collection of abundant material of the deep-sea lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Palinuridae). Difficulties in identification necessitated a generic revision and as a result, five new species are described, all of which are similar to P. angulatus (Bate, 1888). Puerulus angulatus was thought to have a wide distribution from eastern Africa to Marquesas Islands, but is now restricted to the western Pacific, from Japan to Australia. Of the five new species, P. gibbosus n. sp. is found in eastern Africa, P. mesodontus n. sp. from Japan to Fiji, P. richeri n. sp. from the New Caledonia to Marquesas Islands, while P. sericus n. sp. and P. quadridentis n. sp. mainly occur around New Caledonia. Of the other three previously described species, the distribution of P. velutinus Holthuis, 1963, is extended to Fiji, while P. sewelli Ramadan, 1938, and P. carinatus Borradaile, 1910, are still only known from the northern and western parts of the Indian Ocean, respectively. COI gene sequence differences support the morphological species distinctions.
Okanishi, Masanori, Fujita, Toshihiko, 2013, Molecular phylogeny based on increased number of species and genes revealed more robust family-level systematics of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 69, 3, 566-580
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.07.021 Résumé [+] [-]Previous molecular analysis of the order Euryalida (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea), has identified three monophyletic families, the Euryalidae, Asteronychidae and Gorgonocephalidae. However, family-level relationships have remained unresolved due to inadequate taxon sampling and insufficient molecular markers. Here, we present a family-level revision of the Euryalida based on sequences from mitochondrial genes (16S rRNA and COI) and a nuclear gene (18S rRNA) from 83 euryalid ophiuroids. The monophyly of the three families, Euryalidae, Asteronychidae and Gorgonocephalidae is confirmed. The Euryalidae and Asteronychidae + Gorgonocephalidae are assigned to superfamilies, the Euryalidea and the Gorgonocephalidea, respectively. Three subclades within the family Gorgonocephalidae are identified and assigned to three subfamilies; Astrotominae includes Astrocrius, Astrohamma and Astrotoma, Astrothamninae (subfamily nov.) includes Astrothamnus and Astrothrombus with Gorgonocephalinae including the remaining genera. Morphological characters are consistent with the newly recognised superfamilies and subfamilies.
Piednoël, Mathieu, Donnart, Tifenn, Esnault, Caroline, Graça, Paula, Higuet, Dominique, Bonnivard, Eric, Kashkush, Khalil, 2013, LTR-Retrotransposons in R. exoculata and Other Crustaceans: The Outstanding Success of GalEa-Like Copia Elements, PLoS ONE, 8, 3, e57675
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057675 Résumé [+] [-]Transposable elements are major constituents of eukaryote genomes and have a great impact on genome structure and stability. They can contribute to the genetic diversity and evolution of organisms. Knowledge of their distribution among several genomes is an essential condition to study their dynamics and to better understand their role in species evolution. LTR-retrotransposons have been reported in many diverse eukaryote species, describing a ubiquitous distribution. Given their abundance, diversity and their extended ranges in C-values, environment and life styles, crustaceans are a great taxon to investigate the genomic component of adaptation and its possible relationships with TEs. However, crustaceans have been greatly underrepresented in transposable element studies. Using both degenerate PCR and in silico approaches, we have identified 35 Copia and 46 Gypsy families in 15 and 18 crustacean species, respectively. In particular, we characterized several full-length elements from the shrimp Rimicaris exoculata that is listed as a model organism from hydrothermal vents. Phylogenic analyses show that Copia and Gypsy retrotransposons likely present two opposite dynamics within crustaceans. The Gypsy elements appear relatively frequent and diverse whereas Copia are much more homogeneous, as 29 of them belong to the single GalEa clade, and species-or lineage-dependent. Our results also support the hypothesis of the Copia retrotransposon scarcity in metazoans compared to Gypsy elements. In such a context, the GalEa-like elements present an outstanding wide distribution among eukaryotes, from fishes to red algae, and can be even highly predominant within a large taxon, such as Malacostraca. Their distribution among crustaceans suggests a dynamics that follows a "domino days spreading'' branching process in which successive amplifications may interact positively.
Pizzini, Mauro, Raines, Bret, Vannozzi, Angelo, 2013, The family Caecidae in the South-West Pacific (Gastropoda: Rissooidea), Bollettino Malacologico, 49, suppl. 10, 1-78
Résumé [+] [-]This regional revision of the family Caecidae from the South-West Pacific, is based on material collected during oceanographic expeditions made by the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris) from 1976 to 2006. The material consists of about 8250 specimens from 208 stations. In addition, material from the Australian Museum (Sydney) (94 lots) and the Western Australian Museum (Perth) (42 lots), and other specimens from private collections, were used. In the present work, 43 species are dealt with, belonging to the genera Caecum (31), Meioceras (4), Parastrophia (6) and Strebloceras (2). Two genera, Gladioceras and Ctiloceras, were not dealt with because of the absence of related material. These are the sole genera considered valid on the basis of their distinct type of development. Of these species, 18 are described as new. An extensive usage of type material was done for comparisons, either on directly or by means of photographs. Lectotypes were selected for Strebloceras cornuoides Carpenter, 1859†, C. chinense Folin, 1868, C. modestum Folin, 1868, C. sepimentum Folin, 1868, C. succineum Folin, 1880, C. bimarginatum Carpenter, 1858, C. inflatum Folin, 1869, C. attenuatum Folin, 1880, M. legumen Hedley, 1899, Parastrophia cornucopiae (Folin, 1869) and Strebloceras subannulatum Folin, 1879.
Roux, MICHEL, Eléaume, Marc, Hemery, Lenaïg G., Améziane, Nadia, 2013, When morphology meets molecular data in crinoid phylogeny: a challenge, Cahiers de Biologie marine, 54, 541-548
Résumé [+] [-]The extant crinoid fauna results from more than 485 Myr of evolution (from Early Ordovician). Detailed morphological studies on extant crinoids document large intraspecific variations, strong changes through ontogeny with various mosaics of heterochronic development, and adaptive characters which depend on environment, mainly hydrodynamics and food supply. The importance of paedomorphy and morphological convergences (homoplasies) in crinoid evolution is confirmed by studies using DNA markers, and makes difficult the use of cladistic methods of phylogenetic reconstructions. Many clades of extant crinoids based on external skeleton morphology are polyphyletic. Using the hyocrinids and a recent extensive molecular phylogeny of the extant crinoids, we show that the molecular approach, when coupled with detailed ontogenetic analyses on a large sample of specimens and taxa, may help understand the evolutionnary trends within a given group of organisms. Purely molecular or phenotypic analyses produce contrasting results because these analyses work at scales that are separated by a strong gap. We propose a deep reappraisal of the relationships between extant and fossil taxa using the concept of onto phylogeny which rejects the classical separation between ontogeny and phylogeny and argues that natural selection acts at every level of integration of the organism from DNA, cells, tissues, to the individuals and populations.
Williams, Suzanne T., Smith, L.M., Herbert, David Guy, Marshall, Bruce A., Warén, Anders, Kiel, Steffen, Dyal, Patricia, Linse, Katrin, Vilvens, Claude, Kano, Yasunori, 2013, Cenozoic climate change and diversification on the continental shelf and slope: evolution of gastropod diversity in the family Solariellidae (Trochoidea), Ecology and Evolution, 3, 4, 887-917
doi: 10.1002/ece3.513 Résumé [+] [-]Recent expeditions have revealed high levels of biodiversity in the tropical deep-sea, yet little is known about the age or origin of this biodiversity, and large-scale molecular studies are still few in number. In this study, we had access to the largest number of solariellid gastropods ever collected for molecular studies, including many rare and unusual taxa. We used a Bayesian chronogram of these deep-sea gastropods (1) to test the hypothesis that deep-water communities arose onshore, (2) to determine whether Antarctica acted as a source of diversity for deep-water communities elsewhere and (3) to determine how factors like global climate change have affected evolution on the continental slope. We show that although fossil data suggest that solariellid gastropods likely arose in a shallow, tropical environment, interpretation of the molecular data is equivocal with respect to the origin of the group. On the other hand, the molecular data clearly show that Antarctic species sampled represent a recent invasion, rather than a relictual ancestral lineage. We also show that an abrupt period of global warming during the Palaeocene Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) leaves no molecular record of change in diversification rate in solariellids and that the group radiated before the PETM. Conversely, there is a substantial, although not significant increase in the rate of diversification of a major clade approximately 33.7Mya, coinciding with a period of global cooling at the EoceneOligocene transition. Increased nutrients made available by contemporaneous changes to erosion, ocean circulation, tectonic events and upwelling may explain increased diversification, suggesting that food availability may have been a factor limiting exploitation of deep-sea habitats. Tectonic events that shaped diversification in reef-associated taxa and deep-water squat lobsters in central Indo-West Pacific were also probably important in the evolution of solariellids during the Oligo-Miocene.
Chan, Benny K.K., Corbari, Laure, Rodriguez Moreno, Paula A., Jones, Diana S., 2014, Two new deep-sea stalked barnacles, Arcoscalpellum epeeum sp. nov. and Gymnoscalpellum indopacificum sp. nov., from the Coral Sea, with descriptions of the penis in Gymnoscalpellum dwarf males, Zootaxa, 3866, 2, 261-276
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3866.2.5 Résumé [+] [-]The present study describes a new species of Arcoscalpellum Hoek, 1907, and a new species of Gymnoscalpellum Newman & Ross, 1971, collected by deep-sea expeditions led by the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (Paris) in the Coral Sea off New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea (PNG), the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Arcoscalpellum epeeum sp. Nov. Differs from all described species of Arcoscalpellum by the presence of a long, sharp, sword-shaped carina, which extends beyond the apices of the terga by 1/3 to 1/4 of their length. The species is dioecious, with large females and dwarf males that are sac-like, lack shell plates and are housed in paired receptacles at the inner edges of the scutal plates. Arcoscalpellum epeeum sp. Nov. Was collected in the waters of New Caledonia and Vanuatu. Gymnoscalpellum indopacificum sp. Nov. Differs from the six currently described species of Gymnoscalpellum by having a very small inframedian latus and a branched upper latus. The species is dioecious, with large females and dwarf males, the latter composed of 4 shell plates and housed in paired receptacles at the inner edges of the scutal plates. The penis of the dwarf males of G. indopacificum sp. Nov. Is about 0.8 of the total length of the male and has five side branches extending out along its length. Gymnoscalpellum indopacificum sp. Nov. Is distributed in the waters of Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, and represents the first record of this genus in the Indo-Pacific region.
Chino, Mitsuo, 2014, A New Species of Latiaxis (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) from New Caledonia and the Norfolk Ridge, Visaya, 4, 2, 9-14
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of Latiaxis from New Caledonia is described: Latiaxis nippooleifera n. sp. The new species has been collected off New Caledonia and the Norfolk Ridge, by deep sea dredging
Lemaitre, Rafael, 2014, A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Parapaguridae), with descriptions of nine new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62, 210–301
Résumé [+] [-]A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the deep-water hermit crab genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 is presented. This genus, originally defined for 10 species is set apart from other Parapaguridae as well as other Paguroidea, by one synapomorphy: the presence of an upwardly curved epistomial spine. This study is based on a large amount of specimens deposited in major museums and collected during deep-sea sampling across the world oceans since the late 1800s, with the bulk of material coming from French campaigns in the Indo-Pacific, central and south Pacific during the last 40 years. A total of 24 species are recognised in this investigation, nine of which are new and fully described and illustrated. All previously known species are diagnosed or re-described, including figures assembled from recent published accounts or newly illustrated, of the most important morphological features useful for identifi cations. Information for each species includes a synonymy (full or abbreviated if a synonymy has recently been published), material examined (type and non-types), variations when signifi cant, colouration when available, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Rare colour photographs are included for five species. Species of Oncopagurus range in depth from the Continental Shelf (50 m) to the Continental Rise (2308 m), although they are most commonly found in 50–500 m. Individuals of the majority of species in this genus are minute in size (< 3 mm in shield length), species differ in subtle morphological characters, and often exhibit the same broad morphological variations related to sex and size that has been documented in species of other genera of Parapaguridae. Oncopagurus mironovi Zhadan, 1997, a taxon reported from the Nazca and Sala-y-Gómez Ridges, is considered a junior synonym of the widely distributed O. indicus (Alcock, 1905). The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Oncopagurus species are summarised and briefly discussed, complemented with a summary table, graph, and map with generalised distribution patterns. The scant phylogenetic knowledge of this genus is summarised.
Vilvens, Claude, Williams, Suzanne T., Herbert, David G., 2014, New genus Arxellia with new species of Solariellidae (Gastropoda: Trochoidea) from New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Western Australia, Vanuatu and Tonga, Zootaxa, 3826, 1, 255-281
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3826.1.8 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Arxellia, is described in the family Solariellidae. Nine species are referred to this taxon, eight of which are new and are described in this paper (Arxellia trochos n. sp., Arxellia boucheti n. sp., Arxellia herosae n. sp., Arxellia helicoides n. sp., Arxellia tracheia n. sp., Arxellia thaumasta n. sp., Arxellia maestratii n. sp. And Arxellia erythrea n. sp.). The previously described species Bathymophila tenorioi Poppe, Tagaro & Dekker, 2006 is reassigned to Arxellia.
Anseeuw, Patrick, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utge, José, Bouchet, Philippe, 2015, Perotrochus caledonicus (Gastropoda: Pleurotomariidae) revisited: descriptions of new species from the South-West Pacific, European Journal of Taxonomy, 134, 1-23
Aznar-Cormano, Laetitia, Brisset, J., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utgé, José, Zbinden, M., Zuccon, D., Samadi, S., 2015, An improved taxonomic sampling is a necessary but not sufficient condition for resolving inter-families relationships in Caridean decapods, Genetica, 143, 2, 195-205
doi: 10.1007/s10709-014-9807-0 Résumé [+] [-]During the past decade, a large number of multi-gene analyses aimed at resolving the phylogeneticrelationships within Decapoda. However relationships among families, and even among sub-families, remain poorly defined. Most analyses used an incomplete and opportunistic sampling of species, but also an incomplete and opportunistic gene selection among those available for Decapoda. Here we test in the Caridea if improving the taxonomic coverage following the hierarchical scheme of the classification, as it is currently accepted, provides a better phylogenetic resolution for the inter-families relationships. The rich collections of the Muse´um National d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris are used for sampling as far as possible at least two species of two different genera for each family or subfamily. All potential markers are tested over this sampling. For some coding genes the amplification success varies greatly among taxa and the phylogenetic signal is highly saturated. This result probably explains the taxon-heterogeneity among previously published studies. The analysis is thus restricted to the genes homogeneously amplified over the whole sampling. Thanks to the taxonomic sampling scheme the monophyly of most families is confirmed. However the genes commonly used in Decapoda appear non-adapted for clarifying inter-families relationships, which remain poorly resolved. Genome-wide analyses, like transcriptome-based exon capture facilitated by the new generation sequencing methods might provide a sounder approach to resolve deep and rapid radiations like the Caridea.
- Cairns, Stephen D., 2015, Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata) of the New Caledonian Region - Tropica Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 28, 207
Galea, Horia R., 2015, Two new genera and nine new species of hydroids (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from off New Caledonia, European Journal of Taxonomy, 0, 135, 1-19
Gomon, Martin F., Struthers, CARL D., 2015, Three new species of the Indo-Pacific fish genus Hime (Aulopidae, Aulopiformes), all resembling the type species H. japonica (Günther 1877), Zootaxa, 4044, 3, 371
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4044.3.3 Résumé [+] [-]Descriptions of three new species of the aulopid genus Hime from the central and western Pacific and presumably the easternmost Indian Ocean are presented. Hime surrubea sp. nov., confined to the Hawaiian Island region, has been misidentified in species accounts and faunal lists as H. japonica and although resembling it is separable from that species by its shorter caudal peduncle, slightly larger head, larger eye, especially relative to head size, and slightly smaller pectoral and pelvic fins. Hime capitonis sp. nov. is known conclusively only from seamounts off the southern tip of New Caledonia and Vanuatu, and is distinguishable by its distinctively large head (32.3–35.6% SL) and eyes (orbital diameter 10.8–13.0% SL) and relatively few scales between the anus and anal fin origin (7–9). The Indonesian H. caudizoma sp. nov. is so far known from only 8 specimens, acquired in markets in southeastern Lombok and presumably caught nearby in what would be regarded the eastern reaches of the Indian Ocean. The species is recognisable by its dorsal fin of rather uniform moderate height with nearly straight distal margin and 17 rather than 16 rays, none of which is filamentous in either sex, the second penultimate ray rather than anterior rays the longest in males. Like the other two described here, H. caudizoma has among the largest head and eyes of the family. Observations on the dorsal fin form and other features of H. microps Parin & Kotlyar, 1989 are provided based on a large male specimen collected at Rapa Iti, Austral Islands and a re-evaluation of the original description.
Macpherson, Enrique, Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, 2015, Species of the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from the Indian and Pacific Oceans, with descriptions of 92 new species, Zootaxa, 3913, 1, 1-335
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3913.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Galathea is one of the most speciose and unwieldy groups in the family Galatheidae. The examination of more than 9000 specimens of 144 species collected in the Indian and Pacific Oceans using morphological and molecular characters, has revealed the existence of 92 new species. The specimens examined during this study were obtained by various French expeditions supplemented by other collections from various sources, and including the type specimens of some previously described species. Most of the new species are distinguished by subtle but constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences of the mitochondrial markers COI and/or 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species and redescribe some previously described species for which earlier accounts are not sufficiently detailed for modern standards. Furthermore we include a dichotomous identification key to all species in the genus from the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Okamoto, Makoto, 2015, Epigonus draco, a new species of deepwater cardinalfish (Perciformes: Epigonidae) from the western Pacific, Species Diversity, 20, 2, 121-127
doi: 10.12782/sd.20.2.121 Résumé [+] [-]A new epigonid fish, Epigonus draco n. sp., is described on the basis of six specimens (88.8–160.1 mm in standard length: SL) collected from the Philippines, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu in the Western Pacific. This species belongs to a subgroup of Epigonus, known as the “Epigonus constanciae group,” whose members have a pungent opercular spine, more than 40 pored lateral-line scales (47–49 to the end of the hypural+3–4 on the caudal fin), and VII-I, 10 dorsal-fin rays. The new species is distinguished from other congeners of the group in having the following combination of characters: absence of a maxillary mustache-like process, absence of ribs on the last abdominal vertebra, total gill rakers 22–23; pyloric caeca 7–9; pectoral-fin rays 19–20; scales below lateral line 9; vertebrae 10+15; uppermost margin of pectoral-fin base lower than horizontal line through center of eye; proximal radial of first anal-fin pterygiophore slender; and mouth cavity black. In addition, Epigonus chilensis Okamoto, 2012 is rediagnosed based on specimens from near its type locality.
- Tenerio, Manuel J., 2015, Notes on Profundiconus smirna (Bartsch & Rehder, 1943) with description of a new species: Profundiconus smirnoides sp. nov. (Gastropoda, Conilithidae), Xenophora Taxonomy, 7, 3-15
- Tenorio, Manuel J., 2015, A new Profundiconus from northern New Caledonia: Profundiconus zardoyai sp. nov. (Gastropoda, Conilithidae), Xenophora Taxonomy, 6, 38-46
- Anseeuw, Patrick, 2016, Two New Pleurotomariid Subspecies from the South Pacifie (GASTROPODA: PLEUROTOMARIIDAE), Visaya, 4, 5, 43-57
- Monsecour, Kevin, Monsecour, David, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, Deep-water Columbellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 291-362
Tenorio, Manuel J., Castelin, Magalie, 2016, Genus Profundiconus Kuroda, 1956 (Gastropoda, Conoidea): Morphological and molecular studies, with the description of five new species from the Solomon Islands and New Caledonia, European Journal of Taxonomy, 173, 1-45
doi: 10.5852/ejt.2016.173 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Profundiconus Kuroda, 1956 is reviewed. The morphological characters of the shell, radular tooth and internal anatomy of species in Profundiconus are discussed. In particular, we studied Profundiconus material collected by dredging in deep water during different scientific campaigns carried out in the Solomon Islands, Madagascar, Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia. We reconstructed a phylogeny of 55 individuals based on partial mitochondrial cox1 gene sequences. The phylogeny shows several clades containing individuals that do not match any of the known species of Profundiconus based on their shell and radular morphologies, and are introduced here as five new species: Profundiconus maribelae sp. nov. from the Solomon Islands; P. virginiae sp. nov. from Chesterfield Plateau (New Caledonia); P. barazeri sp. nov. from Chesterfield Plateau and the Grand Passage area (New Caledonia); P. puillandrei sp. nov. from Norfolk Ridge (New Caledonia), Kermadec Ridge (New Zealand) and possibly Balut Island (Philippines); and P. neocaledonicus sp. nov. from New Caledonia. Furthermore, Profundiconus teramachii forma neotorquatus (da Motta, 1984) is raised to specific status as P. neotorquatus (da Motta, 1984).
- Cecalupo, Alberto, Perugia, Ivan, 2017, Cerithiopsidae and Newtoniellidae (Gastropoda: Triphoroidea) from New Caledonia, Western Pacific, Visaya, Suppl. 7, 1-175
- Chan, Benny K.K., Corbari, Laure, Rodriguez Moreno, Paula A., Tsang, Ling Ming, 2017, Molecular phylogeny of the lower acorn barnacle families (Bathylasmatidae, Chionelasmatidae, Pachylasmatidae and Waikalasmatidae)(Cirripedia: Balanomorpha) with evidence for revisions in family classification, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 180, 542-555
Cohen, Bernard L., Pisera, Andrzej, 2017, Crinoid phylogeny: new interpretation of the main Permo-Triassic divergence, comparisons with echinoids and brachiopods, and EvoDevo interpretations of major morphological variations, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 120, 38-53
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX -J. New Triviidaefrom the Solomones, Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 65-94
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX-G. New Triviidae from Tonga Islands, Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 5-30
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX-M. New Triviidae from the New Caledonia and Comments on Dolin's (2001) 'Les Triviidae de l'Indo-Pacifique', Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 150-239
Mah, Christopher L., 2017, Overview of the Ferdina-like Goniasteridae (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) including a new subfamily, three new genera and fourteen new species, Zootaxa, 4271, 1, 1-72
- Oliver, Joan Daniel, Rolán, Emilio, 2017, A new species of the genus Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) from the Cape Verde archipelago - Una nueva especie del género Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) del archipiélago de Cabo Verde, Iberus, 35, 1, 47-57
- Peñas, Anselmo, Rolán, Emilio, Sociedad española de malacología, 2017, Deep water Pyramidelloidea from the Central and South Pacific: the tribe Chrysallidini, ECIMAT, Universidade de Vigo
- Vilvens, Claude, 2017, New species and new records of Chilodontidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Seguenzioidea) from the Pacific Ocean, Novapex, 18, HS 11, 1-67
Liste des documents
- Cahier(s) de campagne
- Accès restreint (2)
- Fichier EXCEL
- Accès restreint (1)
- Rapport(s) de mission
- Rapport de campagne
Liste des photos
Liste des participants
- Boisselier, Marie-Catherine (Systématique moléculaire, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
- Collecte - Tri
- Chan, Tin-Yam (Carcinologie, National Taiwan Ocean University)
- Collecte - Tri - Photo
- Cohen, Bernard (Systématique moléculaire, University of Glasgow)
- Collecte - Tri
- Lozouet, Pierre (Malacologie, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle)
- Collecte - Tri
- Macpherson, Enrique (Carcinologie, Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes)
- Collecte - Tri
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand (Carcinologie - Benthologie, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)
- Chef de mission