Exploration de la Biodiversité et Isolement en mer du Corail
Une campagne orgnanisée par :
- MNHN - Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle
- IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement
Chef de mission
Date et lieu de départTue Oct 04 00:00:00 CEST 2005 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Date et lieu d'arrivéeTue Oct 25 00:00:00 CEST 2005 Nouméa (Nouvelle-Calédonie)
Navire : Alis
La campagne EBISCO (Exploration de la Biodiversité et Isolement en mer du Corail) avait le double objectif, de parfaire l’inventaire de la faune de profondeur de ce groupe d’îles isolées et d’apporter des éléments de comparaison au programme sur la spéciation et l’endémisme des monts sous-marins. Lire la suite
Travaux effectués :
172 opérations ont été réalisées dont 98 dragages à la drague Warèn et 74 traits de chalut à perche. Lire la suite
Forest, Jacques, 2006, Laurentaeglyphea, un nouveau genre pour la seconde espèce actuelle de Glyphéide récemment découverte (Crustacea Décapoda Glypheidae), Comptes Rendus Biologies, 329, 10, 841-846
doi: 10.1016/j.crvi.2006.08.003 Résumé [+] [-]Laurentaeglyphea, a new genus for the second recent species of Glypheid recently discovered. (Crustacea Decapoda Glypheidae). In 1975, a recent member of a large group of Crustacea Decapoda was described as Neoglyphea inopinata Forest & de Saint Laurent, until now only known as fossils and presumed extinct since the Eocene. The only known specimen had been collected in the Philippine waters, in 1908, at a depth of 200 m. During the next years, three oceanographical expeditions gave more adult specimens, allowing complete study of the species. From its morphology, it appeared that the status attributed to glypheids in the past in the classification of Decapoda Crustacea was quite erroneous. This group, until then considered as related to Palinurids (rock lobsters) was in fact much closer to Astacids (lobster, crayfish, etc.). In 1982, N. inopinata was recorded from the other side of Equator, from the Timor Sea. In October 2005, a second living species of glypheid was discovered southwest of New Caledonia. It was named Neoglyphea neocaledonica B. Richer de Forges, 2006. However, important and significant differences set apart the two species, especially the ornamentation of the cephalothorax, the conformation of the cephalic part and the proportions of epistom and thoracic appendages, being much more robust. It seems justified to establish, for the more recently described species, a new genus, Laurentaeglyphea, much closer to fossil forms.
- Forest, Jacques, 2006, LES GLYPHEIDES ACTUELS ET LEUR RELATION AVEC LES FORMES FOSSILES (DECAPODA, REPTANTIA), Crustaceana, 79, 7, 769-793
Forest, Jacques, 2006, Les Glyphéides actuels et leur relation avec les formes fossiles (Decapoda, Reptantia), Crustaceana, 79, 7, 769-793
Résumé [+] [-]Until recently, the family Glypheidae (Decapoda, Reptantia) was known from fossils only, and consequently presumed extinct for 50 million years. However, in 1975 scientists of the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris recognized a Recent specimen as belonging to this family. The specimen had been collected in the Phillippines in 1908 at approx. 200 m depth, and had remained unidentified in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., since. That same year, the species was described as Neoglyphea inopinata Forest & de Saint Laurent, thus testifying the actual persistence of the group in today's marine fauna. Three expeditions in the same region, in 1976, 1980, and 1985, yielded another 20 specimens, all caught alive. The subsequent study of those specimens would indicate that the phylogenetic position assigned to the glypheids until then had, in fact, been erroneous. The same applied to the other mesozoic families included in the superfamily Glypheoidea. The glypheoids had usually been placed next to the Scyllaridae and Eryonidae in the infraorder Palinura, and been considered probable ancestors of part of the remaining Decapoda Reptantia. However, their similarities would come out to result rather from analogous resemblances than from actual morphological affinities. In fact, after comparison of the principal characters of the three groups, we have been able to confirm that the Glypheoidea did not exhibit any true relationship with the two others. In contrast, they proved to be closer to the Astacidae and could, eventually, be ranked with those in the same infraorder. A number of recent publications, largely by palaeontologists and based in part on cladistic as well as molecular analyses, have lately supported this point of view. They completely reject the inclusion of the glypheoids in the Palinura, corroborate their affinities with the Astacidea, and exclude the possibility that they would represent a primitive group from which other Reptantia could have evolved. The lineage of the Glypheoidea most probably appeared in the Permian-Triassic, prospered in the Jurassic, and subsequently declined from the Cretaceous to the Eocene. It is apparent that the group has not become extinct during that era, but has silently persisted, without leaving fossil traces, with at least two representatives in today's living world. Indeed, a second species of glypheid has recently been discovered in the southwestern Pacific. Though described under the name Neoglyphea neocaledonica, it shows such differences with N. inopinata that I have established a new genus for this species, Laurentaeglyphea, which is even closer to the glypheids known from the Mesozoic and the Eocene.
Forest, Jacques, 2006, The Recent Glypheids and Their Relationship with Their Fossil Relatives (Decapoda, Reptantia), Crustaceana, 79, 7, 795-820
Résumé [+] [-]Until recently, the family Glypheidae (Decapoda, Reptantia) was known from fossils only, and consequently presumed extinct for 50 million years. However, in 1975 scientists of the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris recognized a Recent specimen as belonging to this family. The specimen had been collected in the Phillippines in 1908 at approx. 200 m depth, and had remained unidentified in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., since. That same year, the species was described as Neoglyphea inopinata Forest & de Saint Laurent, thus testifying the actual persistence of the group in today's marine fauna. Three expeditions in the same region, in 1976, 1980, and 1985, yielded another 20 specimens, all caught alive. The subsequent study of those specimens would indicate that the phylogenetic position assigned to the glypheids until then had, in fact, been erroneous. The same applied to the other mesozoic families included in the superfamily Glypheoidea. The glypheoids had usually been placed next to the Scyllaridae and Eryonidae in the infraorder Palinura, and been considered probable ancestors of part of the remaining Decapoda Reptantia. However, their similarities would come out to result rather from analogous resemblances than from actual morphological affinities. In fact, after comparison of the principal characters of the three groups, we have been able to confirm that the Glypheoidea did not exhibit any true relationship with the two others. In contrast, they proved to be closer to the Astacidae and could, eventually, be ranked with those in the same infraorder. A number of recent publications, largely by palaeontologists and based in part on cladistic as well as molecular analyses, have lately supported this point of view. They completely reject the inclusion of the glypheoids in the Palinura, corroborate their affinities with the Astacidea, and exclude the possibility that they would represent a primitive group from which other Reptantia could have evolved. The lineage of the Glypheoidea most probably appeared in the Permian-Triassic, prospered in the Jurassic, and subsequently declined from the Cretaceous to the Eocene. It is apparent that the group has not become extinct during that era but has silently persisted, without leaving fossil traces, with at least two representatives in today's living world. Indeed, a second species of glypheid has recently been discovered in the southwestern Pacific. Though described under the name Neoglyphea neocaledonica, it shows such differences with N. inopinata that I have established a new genus for this species, Laurentaeglyphea, which is even closer to the glypheids known from the Mesozoic and the Eocene.
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2006, Découverte en mer du Corail d’une deuxième espèce de glyphéide (Crustacea, Decapoda, Glypheoidea), Zoosystema, 28, 1, 17-29
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of glypheid of the previously monotypic genus Neoglyphea Forest & de Saint Laurent, 1975, N. neocaledonica n. sp., is described from deep waters in the Coral Sea. The unique female specimen is described and compared to the other species of the genus, N. inopinata Forest & de Saint Laurent, 1975. The two species can be easily separated by a series of characters: in N. neocaledonica n. sp., the general shape is more stout, the anterior part of the cephalothorax bears a series of dorsal carinas, the first pereiopods are shorter, the eyes larger, the coloration consists of spots pattern.
Bitner, Maria Aleksandra, Cohen, Bernard L., Long, Sarah. L., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Saito, Michiko A., 2007, Gyrothyris williamsi sp. nov. and inter-relationships of some taxa from waters around New Zealand and the southern oceans (Rhynchonelliformea: Terebratelloidea), Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 98, 3-4
doi: 10.1017/S1755691008075142 Résumé [+] [-]This paper describes a terebratelloid articulate brachiopod, Gyrothyris williamsi sp. nov., based on 95 specimens from seamounts on the Lord Howe Rise, Coral Sea, SW Pacific Ocean. The new species is attributed to Gyrothyris on the basis of (a) morphological and growth trajectory similarities; (b) phylogenetic analyses of an alignment of DNA sequence (similar to 2900-sites) obtained from nuclear-encoded small- and large-subunit ribosomal RNA genes (SSU and LSO; and (c) the presence of a distinctive, two-part deletion in the LSU gene. It is distinguished morphologically from Gyrothyris mawsoni and its subspecies by both internal and external morphology and by its isolated geographical distribution, which extends the patchy, known range of this genus to an area some 2000 km north of its previous northern limit around New Zealand. Phylogenetic analyses of the rDNAs and of mitochondrial cox1 gene sequences (663 sites) confirm previous indications that the New Zealand endemic terebratelloid genera form a clade (Neothyris (Calloria, Gyrothyris, Terebratella), but the position of Terebratella with respect to Calloria and Gyrothyris remains weakly established. These sequences disagree inexplicably about the closeness of the relationship between Neothyris parva and N. lenticidaris. Analyses of the first sequences from Calloria variegata, a species restricted to the Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand, are consistent with the possibility that it originated locally, and recently, from C inconspicua. Magellania venosa from S. America/Falklands joins with Antarctic Magellaninia fragilis and M. joubini to form an rDNA clade that excludes Terebratalia as the putative sister-group of the New Zealand terebratelloid clade. The cox1(but not the rDNA) sequences of the New Zealand clade pass a test for clock-like rates of evolution, and maximum likelihood pairwise distances suggest that if genetic isolation between the ancestor of Antarctic Magellania and the last common ancestor of the New Zealand terebratelloid clade was initiated by separation of the Antarctic and New Zealand plates similar to 90 Mya, isolation from M. venosa was initiated earlier, perhaps similar to 145 Mya. However, in the simple phylogenctic reconstruction presented here from cox1 sequences, S. American and Antarctic Magellania spp. do not yield a well-supported clade, perhaps because of differences in base composition.
Castro P., 2007, A reappraisal of the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) and revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, with the description of 10 new genera and 18 new species, Zoosystema, 29, 4, 609-774
Résumé [+] [-]A reappraisal of the taxonomy of the brachyuran crabs belonging to the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 sensu lato has resulted in the revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, which combines the subfamilies Goneplacinae MacLeay, 1838 and Carcinoplacinae H. Milne Edwards, 1852. Most of the 66 species of Goneplacinae sensu stricto that are listed herein inhabit relatively deep water and are infrequently collected. The subfamily Goneplacinae sensu stricto now consists of 17 genera of which 10 are being described as new: Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, with 18 species of which four are new; Entricoplax n. gen., monotypic; Exopheticus n. gen., with two species; Goneplacoides n. gen., monotypic; Goneplax Leach, 1814, with four species; Hadroplax n. gen., monotypic; Menoplax n. gen., monotypic; Microgoneplax n. gen., with five species of which four are new; Neogoneplax n. gen., with three species of which two are new; Neommatocarcinus Takeda & Miyake, 1969, monotypic; Notonyx A. Milne-Edwards, 1873, with three species; Ommatocarcinus White, 1852, with four species; Paragoneplax n. gen., monotypic; Psopheticus Wood-Mason, 1892, with four species; Pycnoplax n. gen., with five species of which one is new; Singhaplax Serene & Soh, 1976, with seven species of which four are new; and Thyraplax n. gen., with five species of which three are new. All goneplacine genera are exclusive to the Indo-West Pacific region (plus contiguous temperate areas) except Goneplax, which is so far known mostly from the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions. Four nominal species described by other authors were found to be junior subjective synonyms for other species: Carcinoplax verdensis Rathbun, 1914 and C polita Guinot, 1989 synonymous of C specularis Rathbun, 1914; Goneplax megalops Komatsu & Takeda, 2003 of Goneplacoides marivenae (Komatsu & Takeda, 2003) n. comb.; and Psopheticus insolitus Guinot, 1990 of P stridulans Wood-Mason, 1892.
Fraussen, Koen, Kantor, Yuri I., Hadorn, Roland, 2007, Amiantofusus gen. nov. for Fusus amiantus Dall, 1889 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) with description of a new extensive Indo-West Pacific radiation, Novapex, 8, 3-4, 79-101
Résumé [+] [-]In the present paper we describe the new genus Amiantofusus gen. nov. to accommodate the Atlantic species Fusus amiantus Dall, 1889. The genus belongs to Fasciolariidae and this family is confirmed as distinct from Buccinidae, based on anatomical differences. We add an Indo-West Pacific fauna of seven species described as new to science: miantofusus pacificus sp. nov. (North Fiji Basin, New Caledonia, southern Coral Sea, south West Pacific), A. gloriabundus sp. nov. (North Fiji Basin, Vitiaz Zone), A. sebalis sp. nov. (New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, Vanuatu), A. candoris sp. nov. (Chesterfield Islands, Fairway), A. maestratii sp. nov. (New Caledonia), A. borbonica sp. nov. (Reunion) and A. cartilago sp. nov. (Mozambique Channel). In addition we add two unnamed species: A. species 1 (North Fiji Basin) and A. species 2 (Vanuatu). Fusus thielei Schepman, 1911 is briefly discussed, the generic placement is still uncertain.
Kantor, Yuri I., Bouchet, Philippe, 2007, Out of Australia: Belloliva (Neogastropoda: Olividae) in the Coral Sea and New Caledonia, American Malacological Bulletin, 22, 1, 27-73
Moravec, František, Justine, Jean-Lou, 2007, A new species of Ascarophis (Nematoda, Cystidicolidae) from the stomach of the marine scorpaeniform fish Hoplichthys citrinus from a seamount off the Chesterfield Islands, New Caledonia, Acta Parasitologica, 52, 3, 238-246
- Sinnifer, Frederic, 2007, Zoantharia of New caledonia, Compendium of marine species from New Caledonia : second edition, Documents scientifiques et techniques, II7, 129-132
Beu, Alan G., Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Recent deep-water Cassidae of the world. A revision of Galeodea, Oocorys, Sconsia, Echinophoria and relatedtaxa, with new genera and species (Mollusca, Gastropoda), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 269-387
Résumé [+] [-]Shell, radular, opercular and external anatomical characters are surveyed in world Recent deep-water Cassidae, leading to the recognition of three subfamilies: Cassinae, Oocorythinae and Phaliinae. All Recent species are revised of Galeodea Link, 1807 (=Galeoocorys Kuroda & Habe, 1957), Microsconsia n. gen. and Sconsia Gray, 1847, all included in subfamily Cassinae; of Oocorys Fischer, 1883 (= Benthodolium Verrill & Smith, 1884, = Hadroocorys Quinn, 1980), Eucorys n. gen. (including Oocorys bartschi Rehder, 1943 and O. barbouri Clench & Aguayo, 1939) and Dalium Dall, 1889, all included in subfamily Oocorythinae; and of Echinophoria Sacco, 1890, included in subfamily Phaliinae. New species named are Galeodea plauta n. sp. (northwestern New Zealand), Microsconsia limpusi n. sp. (southeastern Queensland, Australia), and Oocorys grandis n. sp. (central Indian Ocean, and southeastern Atlantic, off Namibia). Galeodea bituminata (Martin, 1933) (based on a Pliocene fossil from Buton Island, Indonesia) is an earlier name for G. echinophorella Habe, 1961; G. carolimartini Beets, 1943 is another earlier name for G. echinophorella. The name usually accepted for the type species of Sconsia, S. striata (Lamarck, 1816), is a junior secondary homonym of S. striata (J. Sowerby, 1812) and the valid name for this species is S. grayi (A. Adams, 1855). Echinophoria kurodai Abbott, 1968 was based on small specimens of E. wyvillei (Watson, 1886), and E. oschei Mühlhäusser, 1992 was based on Indian Ocean specimens of E. wyvillei. Echinophoria carnosa Kuroda & Habe, 1961 is limited to southern Japan to the Philippine Islands.
Bouchet, Philippe, Petit, Richard E., 2008, New species and new records of southwest Pacific Cancellariidae (Gastropoda), The Nautilus, 122, 1, 1-18
Résumé [+] [-]Fifteen species of Cancellariidae referable to the genera Zeadmete, Admetula, Fusiaphera, Nipponaphera, and Trigonostoma are reported from depths between 200 and 700 m in New Caledonia and other island groups in the southwest Pacific. Twelve are new species: Zeadmete bathyomon new species, Zeadmete physomon new species, Zeadmete bilix new species, Admetula affluens new species, Admetula marshalli new species, Admetula bathynoma new species, Admetula lutea new species, Admetula emarginata new species, Nipponaphera argo new species, Nipponaphera agastor new species, Nipponaphera tuba new species, and Trigonostoma tryblium new species. All the Recent nominal species of Fusiaphera described from localities throughout the Indo-Pacific area Lire considered to be conspecific, the senior name being Fusiaphera macrospira (Adams and Reeve, 1.850), now with ten synonyms. The ranges of Nipponaphera nodosivaricosa (Petuch, 1.979) and Trigonostoma thysthlon Petit and Harasewych, 1987, are extended to the South Pacific.
Diamond, Elizabeth A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Kornicker, Louis S., 2008, Azygocypridina brynmawria, a new myodocopid ostracod off Lansdowne Bank, New Caledonia (Crustacea: Ostracoda: Myodocopa: Cypridinidae), Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 121, 3, 354–364
Résumé [+] [-]In 2005, the EBISCO oceanographic campaign collected numerous large ostracods in the Coral Sea, off southwest New Caledonia. These ostracods belong to a new species, Azygocypridina brynmawria, and differ from the morphologically similar Azygocypridina Iowryi in the color of the soft parts and details of the morphology of the second antenna, furca, and terminal tooth of the seventh limb, as determined by light microscopy and scanning electron rnicroscopy (SEM). Included is a discussion of the unique color and locality of these organisms.
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Lemaitre, Rafael, 2008, Larvae of two species of Trizocheles (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea: Pylochelidae: Trizochelinae), description of the adult of one, and preliminary implications of development on pylochelid phylogeny, Zootaxa, 1911, 52-68
Résumé [+] [-]The larvae of two species of the pylochelid genus Trizocheles are described from prematurely hatched specimens and compared with earlier described larvae of Pylocheles (Pylocheles) and Pomatocheles. Although all are lecithotrophic and exhibit marked advanced development, differences in the larval morphology among the three genera are profound. Consideration is given to these differences as they relate to development in the entire Paguroidea, and the possible impact they may have on pylochelid phylogeny. As one of the Trizocheles species is undescribed, adults as well as larvae are described and illustrated.
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Rahayu, Dwi Listyo, 2008, Pteropagurus and Catapagurus (Decapoda, Anomura, Paguridae): resource sharing or “any port in a storm”?, Zoosystema, 30, 4, 899-916
Résumé [+] [-]Additional materials of two species of the recently described pagurid genus Pteropagurus McLaughlin & Rahayu, 2006 have required an emendation of the genus. These have also provided the information needed to supplement the original species descriptions, including the unusual morphology of the male of P. spina McLaughlin & Rahayu, 2006 and the sexual dimorphism and variability found in P. spinulocarpus McLaughlin, 2007. Brief data on the larval development in Pteropagurus have been gleaned from zoeae prematurely hatched from one female of P. spinulocarpus. What heretofore had been considered a unique habitat for species of this genus, i.e. empty shells of a pelagic pteropod, was found to also provide carcinoecia for Catapagurus spinicarpus de Saint Laurent & McLaughlin, 2000, a species previously known only from its female holotype collected in the Kermadec Islands of New Zealand. Th e male of this species is described and species’ variability and dimorphic attributes are assessed. Consideration is given to the question of habitat choice and the morphological adaptations required for use of the unusual carcinoecia.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Samadi, Sarah, Boisselier-Dubayle, Marie-Catherine, Sysoev, Alexander, Kantor, Yuri I., Cruaud, C., Couloux, A, Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Starting to unravel the toxoglossan knot: Molecular phylogeny of the “turrids” (Neogastropoda: Conoidea), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 47, 3, 1122-1134
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2007.11.007 Résumé [+] [-]The superfamily Conoidea is one of the most speciose groups of marine mollusks, with estimates of about 340 recent valid genera and subgenera, and 4000 named living species. Previous classifications were based on shell and anatomical characters, and clades and phylogenetic relationships are far from well assessed. Based on a dataset of ca. 100 terminal taxa belonging to 57 genera, information provided by fragments of one mitochondrial (COI) and three nuclear (28S, 18S and H3) genes is used to infer the first molecular phylogeny of this group. Analyses are performed on each gene independently as well as for a data matrix where all genes are concatenated, using Maximum Likelihood, Maximum Parsimony and Bayesian approaches. Several well-supported clades are defined and are only partly identifiable to currently recognized families and subfamilies. The nested sampling used in our study allows a discussion of the classification at various taxonomical levels, and several genera, subfamilies and families are found polyphyletic.
Saito, Tomomi, Komai, Tomoyuki, 2008, A review of species of the genera Spongicola de Haan, 1844 and Paraspongicola de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Stenopodidea, Spongicolidae), Zoosystema, 30, 1, 87-147
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the deep-sea sponge-associated shrimp genera Spongicola de Haan, 1844 and Paraspongicola de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981 (Decapoda, Stenopodidea) is presented on the basis of rich collections made by French expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific, supplemented by collections preserved in various institutions in the world. Seven species are recognized in Spongicola, of which three are new to science: S. venustus de Haan, 1844, S. andamanicus Alcock, 1901, S. levigatus Hayashi & Ogawa, 1987, S. parvispinus Zarenkov, 1990, S. depressus n. sp. from Loyalty Islands, S. goyi n. sp. from Japan, Indonesia, New Caledonia and Vanuatu, and S. robustus n. sp. from Mauritius and Mozambique. Subspecific division of S. andamanicus Alcock, 190 1, proposed by de Saint Laurenr & Cleva (198 1), is abandoned, since our morphological analysis strongly suggests that the division does not reflect a population structure of the species; S. holthuisi de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 198 1, is also reduced to a junior synonym of S. andamanicus. Two species are recognized in Paraspongicola, both previously described, viz. P. pusillus de Saint Laurent & Cleva, 1981 and P. inflatus (de saint Laurent & Cleva, 198 1) n. comb., of which the latter is here transferred from Spongicola. Keys in aid for identification are provided for each genus. Geographic and bathymetric distributions of species are briefly discussed. Association with host sponges was verified for some species.
- Ahyong, Shane T., Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, The Cymonomidae of the Philippines (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura), with descriptions of four new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 233-246
Barco, Marco oliverio Andrea, Richter, Alexandra, Modica, Maria Vittoria, 2009, The coralliophiline (Gastropoda: Muricidae) radiation: repeated colonizations of the deep sea?, The Nautilus, 123, 3, 113-120
Résumé [+] [-]The Coralliophilinae are a subfamily of Muricidae, with about 200-250 species, mostly from temperate and tropical oceans, that are associated with anthozoans on which they feed. We present here a phylogenetic hyothesis for the subfamily, based on DNA sequences (650 aligned positions) of the mitochondrial 12S rDNA from 42 coralliophilines and six other muricids, as well as one fasciolariid, which serves as the outgroup. Relationships among the muricid subfamilies were not resolved unequivocally, but coralliophiline monophyly was strongly supported. Two major clades emerged within the Coralliophilinae, both well supported in a Bayesian analysis. The genera Coralliophila and Babelomurex as commonly understood, are clearly polyphyletic and in need of redefinition. Our results indicate multiple, independent incursions of Coralliophilinae into deep water habitats, several producing subsequent radiations.
Bruce, Niel, 2009, New genera and species of the marine isopod family Serolidae (Crustacea, Sphaeromatidea) from the southwestern Pacific, ZooKeys, 18, 17-76
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.18.96 Résumé [+] [-]The marine isopod family Serolidae is reviewed for the oceanic regions of the tropical and subtropical southwestern Pacific, namely from off Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, northern Coral Sea, New Caledonia and Fiji. Two new genera are established: Sedorolis gen. n., monotypic, from New Caledonia and Myopiarolis gen. n., a widespread Southern Hemisphere genus with 11 (eight described) species. The following new species are described: Heteroserolis pellucida (New Caledonia), Sedorolis simplex (New Caledonia), Myopiarolis koro (Fiji), M. systir (New Caledonia), M. norfanz (Lord Howe Plateau and off Norfolk Island), M. lippa (northern Coral Sea), and Thysanoserolis orbicula (New Caledonia). Keys are provided to the serolid genera and the species of Myopiarolis from the southwestern Pacifi c. Th e genus Caecoserolis Wägele, 1994 is redefined and restricted to the type species.
Castro P., 2009, Two new species of Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, and Pycnoplax Castro, 2007, from the western Pacific, and a description of the female of Thyraplax truncata Castro, 2007 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Goneplacidae), Zoosystema, 31, 4, 949-957
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species belonging to the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) are described from the western Pacific Ocean. The first belongs to Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, the second to Pycnoplax Castro, 2007. The new species of Corcinoplax is distinguished from the 18 known species of the genus by the morphologies of the first male pleopods and outer orbital and anterolateral teeth; the new species of Pycnoplax is distinguished from the five known species of the genus by the morphology of the first and second male pleopods and the granular carapace. A female specimen of a third goneplacid, Thyraplax truncata Castro, 2007, which was previously known only from male specimens, is also described. The characters of the two new species further confirm that in the Goneplacidae s.s. the morphology of the external reproductive structures rather than that of the carapace are far more reliable in showing phylogenetic relationships among supraspecific taxa.
Holford, Mandë, Puillandre, Nicolas, Terryn, Yves, Cruaud, Corinne, Olivera, Baldomero, Bouchet, Philippe, 2009, Evolution of the Toxoglossa Venom Apparatus as Inferred by Molecular Phylogeny of the Terebridae, Molecular Biology and Evolution, 26, 1, 15-25
doi: 10.1093/molbev/msn211 Résumé [+] [-]Toxoglossate marine gastropods, traditionally assigned to the families Conidae, Terebridae, and Turridae, are one of the most populous animal groups that use venom to capture their prey. These marine animals are generally characterized by a venom apparatus that consists of a muscular venom bulb and a tubular venom gland. The toxoglossan radula, often compared with a hypodermic needle for its use as a conduit to inject toxins into prey, is considered a major anatomical breakthrough that assisted in the successful initial radiation of these animals in the Cretaceous and early Tertiary. The pharmacological success of toxins from cone snails has made this group a star among biochemists and neuroscientists, but very little is known about toxins from the other Toxoglossa, and the phylogeny of these families is largely in doubt. Here we report the first molecular phylogeny for the Terebridae and use the results to infer the evolution of the venom apparatus for this group. Our findings indicate that most of the genera of terebrids are polyphyletic, and one species ("Terebra" (s.l.) jungi) is the sister group to all other terebrids. Molecular analyses combined with mapping of venom apparatus morphology indicate that the Terebridae have lost the venom apparatus at least twice during their evolution. Species in the genera Terebra and Hastula have the typical venom apparatus found in most toxoglossate gastropods, but all other terebrid species do not. For venomous organisms, the dual analysis of molecular phylogeny and toxin function is an instructive combination for unraveling the larger questions of phylogeny and speciation. The results presented here suggest a paradigm shift in the current understanding of terebrid evolution, while presenting a road map for discovering novel terebrid toxins, a largely unexplored resource for biomedical research and potential therapeutic drug development.
Kool, Hugo H., 2009, Nassarius alabasteroides n. sp., a new nassariid species from the tropical South Pacific Ocean (Gastropoda: Nassariidae), Miscellanea Malacologica, 3, 5, 97-100
Résumé [+] [-]A new deepwater species, Nassarius alabasteroides n. sp., is described from New Caledonia, the Chesterfield Islands and Vanuatu. It has been collected during several expeditions of the MNHN, Paris.
- Lorenz F., Fehse D., 2009, The living Ovulidae: a manual of the families of allied cowries: Ovulidae, Pediculariidae and Eocypraeidae., ConchBooks
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Lemaitre, Rafael, 2009, A new classification for the Pylochelidae (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) and descriptions of new taxa, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 159-231
Résumé [+] [-]A new classification is presented based on the results of the recently completed cladistic analysis of the Pylochelidae. The subfamilies Pylochelinae and Pomatochelinae are retained, the latter with the genera Pylocheles and Cheiroplatea; however, the subgenera Xylocheles and Bathycheles are elevated to generic rank together with the nominal subgenus Pylocheles. In addition, one new species, B. phenax, is described in Bathycheles and B. profundus is shown to be conspecific with B. integer. The subfamilies Parapylochelinae, Cancellochelinae, Trizochelinae, and Mixtopagurinae are reduced to ranks of tribes and included in the subfamily Trizochelinae. A new genus Forestocheles is proposed in the tribe Trizochelini. Within the genus Trizocheles, subspecific rank for T. spinosus bathamae is deemed unjustified and this taxon is placed in synonymy with the nominal subspecies T spinosus spinosus. The correct identity of Trizocheles balssi is established and the species mistakenly thought to represent that taxon is described as T. hoensonae, new species. Trizocheles gracilis is found to be conspecific with T. boasi and an additional new species, T. mendanai, is added to the genus. The superfamilial ranks of Cheiroplateoidea, Pomatocheloidea, Pylocheloidea, and Cancellocheloidea proposed by Watabe (2007) are rejected, as is Birgusoidea.
Modica, Maria Vittoria, Kosyan, Alisa R., Oliverio, Marco, 2009, The relationships of the enigmatic gastropod Tritonoharpa (Neogastropoda): New data on early neogastropoda evolution ?, The Nautilus, 123, 3, 177-188
Résumé [+] [-]In this paper, the relationships of Tritonoharpa Dall, 1908, within Neogastropoda are discussed. Tritonoharpa is indeed similar to Colubraria in the morphology of its head-foot, pallial complex, reproductive and excretory systems, in the presence of an extremely long and coiled proboscis, and a very large stomach. However, it differs from Colubraria in the rest of its foregut anatomy, revealing a cancellariid affinity, and a typical nematoglossan radula. The molecular data confirms Beu and Maxwell's placement of Tritonoharpa in the Cancellariidae close to Plesiotriton. It is also suggested that cancellariids may be the sister-group to the rest of neogastropods. Tritonoharpa has a rather large and well developed midgut gland, resembling the gland of Leiblein. As previously studied cancellarioideans have been shown to lack a well differentiated gland of Leiblein, the present study raises some interesting questions about the evolution of the foregut in Neogastropoda. In fact, if this glandular structure were confirmed as a true homologue of the gland of Leiblein, and the cancellarioideans proved to be the sister group to the remaining neogastropods, the possession of the gland should be considered a synapomorphy of the Neogastropoda.
Moravec, František, Justine, Jean-Lou, 2009, New data on dracunculoid nematodes from fishes off New Caledonia, including four new species of Philometra (Philometridae) and Ichthyofi laria (Guyanemidae), Folia Parasitologica, 56, 2, 129-142
Résumé [+] [-]Recent examinations of newly obtained materials of dracunculoid nematodes (Dracunculoidea) parasitizing marine fishes off New Caledonia, South Pacific, revealed the presence of several nematodes of the genera Philometra Costa, 1845 (Philometridae) and Ichthyofilaria Yamaguti, 1935 (Guyanemidae), including the following four new species: Philometra priacanthi sp. n. (males) from the gonads of Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskal) (Priacanthidae), Philometra tenuicauda sp. n. (male and mature and gravid females) from the gonads of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin) (Tetraodontidae), Philometra dentigubernaculata sp. n. (males) from the oculo-orbit of Tylosurus crocodilus (Peron et Lesueur) (Belonidae), and Ichthyofilaria novaecaledoniensis sp. n. (subgravid female) from the musculature of Hoplichthys citrinus Gilbert (Hoplichthyidae). The new species are characterized mainly by the length and structure of spicules and the gubernaculum, body size, location in the host and by the type of hosts. In addition, the findings of Philometra lethrini Moravec et Justine, 2008 from the gonads of Lethrinus miniatus (Forster) and L. variegatus Valenciennes (both Lethrinidae) represent new host records for this parasite; for the first time, its subgravid females were found to be up to 350 mm long. The occurrence of Philometra ocularis Moravec, Ogawa, Suzuki, Miyazaki et Donai, 2002 in the oculo-orbit of Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskal) (Serranidae) off New Caledonia was confirmed.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Samadi, Sarah, Boisselier-Dubayle, Marie-Catherine, Cruaud, Corinne, Bouchet, Philippe, 2009, Molecular data provide new insights on the phylogeny of the Conoidea (Neogastropoda), Nautilus, 123, 3, 202-210
Résumé [+] [-]The superfamily Conoidea is one of the most speciose groups of marine molluses, with almost 700 genera and 10,000 living species. Previous classifications were based on morphological and anatomical characters, but clades and phylogenetic relationships were not well assessed. Information provided by one mitochondrial (COI) and three nuclear (28S, 18S, and H3) genes were used to infer the phylogeny of this group. Data were obtained from more than 100 specimens, belonging to 54 genera, collected during recent cruises in the western Pacific (Philippines, Vanuatu, Norfolk Ridge, and Chesterfield and Solomon Islands). Analyses were performed on each gene independently as well as for a data matrix where all genes were concatenated, using several methods (ML, Parsimony, Bayesian). Some families and subfamilies among Conoidea correspond to well-supported clades uniformly recovered with all genes and all methods, but others appear to be polyphyletic. Several bathyal and abyssal genera are also shown to he polyphyletic. Our results also point out some new phylogenetic relationships at the family, subfamily, and genus levels.
Sinniger, Frederic, Häussermann, Verena, 2009, Zoanthids (Cnidaria: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) from shallow waters of the southern Chilean fjord region, with descriptions of a new genus and two new species, Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 9, 1, 23-36
doi: 10.1016/j.ode.2008.10.003 Résumé [+] [-]The taxonomy of the order Zoantharia ( = Zoanthidea = Zoanthiniaria) is greatly hampered by the paucity of diagnostic morphological features. To facilitate discrimination between similar zoanthids, a combination of morphological and molecular analyses is applied here. The three most abundant zoanthid species in shallow waters of the southern Chilean fjord region are described. Comparison with other zoanthids using molecular markers reveals that two of them are new to science; these are described as Mesozoanthus fossii gen. n., sp. n. and Epizoanthus fiordicus sp. n. Their representatives grow on rocky substratum and do not live in symbiosis with demosponges. In the less abundant M., fossii, animals tire greyish in colour and resemble members of Parazoanthus in growth form. Individual polyps can be tip to 35 mm long. The more abundant E. fordicus are also greyish; the polyps arise froth thin stolons and reach only 12 mm in length. The third species studied is Parazoanthus elongatus McMurrich, 1904. For these three Chilean zoanthid species, in-situ photographs are presented as well as information on distribution, habitat and associated species. Establishment of the Mesozoanthus Pen. n. is of particular importance to taxonomy in the chaotic suborder Macrocnemina. (C) 2008 Gesellschaft fur Biologische Systemalik. Published by Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Alf, Axel, Maestrati, Philippe, Bouchet, Philippe, 2010, New species of Bolma (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Turbinidae) from the tropical deep sea., The Nautilus, 124, 2, 93-99
Résumé [+] [-]Five new species of Bolma are described, three from New Caledonia, one from Mozambique and one from French Polynesia, all from deep reef (75-155 m) to bathyal (230-580 m) depths. Four of the new species have been sequenced, and their holotypes are also voucher specimens for COl sequences, thus contributing to a new generation of name-bealing types. The descriptions and names are provided in advance of a forthcoming shell-based revision of the genus Bolma, and in advance of a detailed molecular- and morphology-based study of Bolma in New Caledonian waters.
Barco, A., Claremont, Martine, Reid, David G., Houart, Roland, Bouchet, Philippe, Williams, S.T., Cruaud, Corinne, Couloux, Arnaud, OLIVERIO, M., 2010, A molecular phylogenetic framework for the Muricidae, a diverse family of carnivorous gastropods, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 56, 3, 1025-1039
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.03.008 Résumé [+] [-]With over 1600 extant described species, the Muricidae are one of the most species-rich and morphologically diverse families of molluscs. As predators of molluscs, polychaetes, anthozoans barnacles and other invertebrates, they form an important component of many benthic communities. Traditionally, the classification of muricids at specific and generic levels has been based primarily on shells, while subfamilies have been defined largely by radular morphology, although the composition and relationships of suprageneric groups have never been studied exhaustively. Here we present the phylogenetic relationships of 77 muricid species belonging to nine of the ten currently recognized subfamilies, based on Bayesian inference and Maximum Likelihood analyses of partial sequences of three mitochondrial (12S, 16S and COI) and one nuclear (28S) genes. The resulting topologies are discussed with respect to traditional subfamilial arrangements, and previous anatomical and molecular findings. We confirm monophyly of each of the subfamilies Ergalataxinae, Rapaninae, Coralliophilinae, Haustrinae, Ocenebrinae and Typhinae as previously defined, but earlier concepts of Muricinae, Trophoninae and Muricopsinae are shown to be polyphyletic. Based on our phylogenetic hypothesis, a new arrangement of these subfamilies is proposed.
Boisselier-Dubayle, Marie-Catherine, Bonillo, Céline, Cruaud, Corinne, Couloux, Arnaud, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Vidal, Nicolas, 2010, The phylogenetic position of the ‘living fossils’ Neoglyphea and Laurentaeglyphea (Decapoda: Glypheidea), Comptes-Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, 333, fasc. 10, 755-759
doi: 10.1016/j.crvi.2010.08.007 Résumé [+] [-]The Glypheidea is a group of lobster-like decapods that appeared in the Triassic and that was thought to be extinct until 1975, when a specimen of the species Neoglyphea inopinata was caught off the Philippines. More recently, in 2005, a specimen of another glypheid species, Laurentaeglyphea neocaledonica, was discovered near New Caledonia. Here, we construct a decapod molecular data set including the two extant glypheid species sequenced from eight nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Our study strongly shows that the two extant genera of glypheids cluster together, and further confirms the status of Glypheidea as a separate infraorder. Moreover the reptantian decapods are divided into two major groups, one including Brachyura, Anomura, and Axiidea, and the other including Astacidea, Polychelida, Achelata, and Glypheidea. Although commonly nicknamed 'Jurassic shrimps' and considered as 'living fossils', glypheids are therefore a derived decapod lineage. (C) 2010 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Cabezas, Patricia, Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2010, Taxonomic revision of the genus Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae): a morphological and molecular approach., Zootaxa, 2712, 1-60
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Paramunida belongs to the family Galatheidae, one of the most species rich families among anomuran decapod crustaceans. In spite of the genus has received substantial taxonomic attention, subtle morphological variations observed in numerous samples suggest the existence of undescribed species. The examination of many specimens collected during recent expeditions and morphological and molecular comparisons with previously described species have revelaled the existence of eleven new lineages. All of them are distinguished by subtle and constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences reported for the mitochondrial markers ND1 and 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species, providing brief redescriptions for the previously known species, and a dichotomous identification key for all species in the genus.
Castelin, Magalie, Lambourdiere, Josie, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Lozouet, Pierre, Couloux, Arnaud, Cruaud, Corinne, Samadi, Sarah, 2010, Hidden diversity and endemism on seamounts: focus on poorly dispersive neogastropods, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 100, 2, 420–438
Résumé [+] [-]The seamounts chain offers a set of fragmented habitats in which species with poor dispersive ability may undergo divergence in allopatry. Such a scenario may explain the endemism often described on seamounts. In gastropods, it is possible to infer the mode of development of a species from the morphology of its larval shell. Accordingly, we examine the population genetics of several caenogastropods from the Norfolk and Lord Howe seamounts (south-west Pacific) with contrasting modes of larval development. A prerequisite to our study was to clarify the taxonomic framework. The species delimitation was ruled using an integrative approach, based on both morphological and molecular evidence. Molecular data indicate an unexpected taxonomic diversity within the existing species names. Both the clarification of the taxonomic framework and the importance of the sampling effort allow us to confidently detect cryptic diversity and micro-endemism. These results are discussed in relation to the dispersive capacities of the organisms. (C) 2010 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2010, 100, 420-438.
Lorion, Julien, Buge, Barbara, Cruaud, Corinne, Samadi, Sarah, 2010, New insights into diversity and evolution of deep-sea Mytilidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 57, 1, 71-83
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.05.027 Résumé [+] [-]Bathymodiolinae mussels have been used as a biological model to better understand the evolutionary origin of faunas associated with deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Most studies to date, however, have sampled with a strong bias towards vent and seep species, mainly because of a lack of knowledge of closely related species from organic falls. Here we reassess the species diversity of deep-sea mussels using two genes and a large taxon sample from the South-Western Pacific. This new taxonomic framework serves as a basis for a phylogenetic investigation of their evolutionary history. We first highlight an unexpected allopatric pattern and suggest that mussels usually reported from organic falls are in fact poorly specialized with regard to their environment. This challenges the adaptive scenarios proposed to explain the diversification of the group. Second, we confirm that deep-sea mussels arose from organic falls and then colonized hydrothermal vents and cold seeps in multiple events. Overall, this study constitutes a new basis for further phylogenetic investigations and a global systematic revision of deep-sea mussels. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Macpherson, Enrique, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Schnabel, Kareen, Samadi, Sarah, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Garcia-Rubies, Antoni, 2010, Biogeography of the deep-sea galatheid squat lobsters of the Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 57, 2, 228-238
doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.11.002 Résumé [+] [-]We analyzed the distribution patterns of the galatheid squat lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) of the Pacific Ocean. We used the presence/absence data of 402 species along the continental slope and continental rise (200-2000 m) obtained from 54 cruises carried out in areas around the Philippines, Indonesia, Solomon, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna and French Polynesia. The total number of stations was ca. 3200. We also used published data from other expeditions carried out in the Pacific waters, and from an exhaustive search of ca. 600 papers on the taxonomy and biogeography of Pacific species. We studied the existence of biogeographic provinces using multivariate analyses, and present data on latitudinal and longitudinal patterns of species richness, rate of endemism and the relationship between body sizes with the size of the geographic ranges. Latitudinal species richness along the Western and Eastern Pacific exhibited an increase from higher latitudes towards the Equator. Longitudinal species richness decreased considerably from the Western to the Central Pacific. Size frequency distribution for body size was strongly shifted toward small sizes and endemic species were significantly smaller than non-endemics. This study concludes that a clear separation exists between the moderately poor galatheid fauna of the Eastern Pacific and the rich Western and Central Pacific faunas. Our results also show that the highest numbers of squat lobsters are found in the Coral Sea (Solomon-Vanuatu-New Caledonia islands) and Indo-Malay-Philippines archipelago (IMPA). The distribution of endemism along the Pacific Ocean indicates that there are several major centres of diversity, e.g. Coral Sea, IMPA, New Zealand and French Polynesia. The high proportion of endemism in these areas suggests that they have evolved independently. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Mapes, Royal H., Landman, Neil H., Cochran, Kirk, Goiran, Claire, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Renfro, Alisha, 2010, EARLY TAPHONOMY AND SIGNIFICANCE OF NATURALLY SUBMERGED NAUTILUS SHELLS FROM THE NEW CALEDONIA REGION, PALAIOS, 25, 9, 597-610
doi: 10.2110/palo.2009.p09-109r Résumé [+] [-]The discovery of 11 Nautilus macromphalus shells in marine environments near New Caledonia constitutes the first opportunity for taphonomic analysis of empty shells of unburied, externally shelled cephalopods on the seafloor. Radiometric dating indicates specimen ages range from 14 to 42 years. These modern specimens provide a unique opportunity to examine the early, preburial taphonomy of this group of animals including shell condition, radiometric-age dating, epizoan encrustation, color degradation, and sediment infilling. The following conclusions are made: (1) given the limited sample available for study and assuming equal conditions where shells rested on the seafloor, the length of time the shell is unburied will not control the degree of epizoan encrustation or the external shell appearance; (2) shell boring is a major destructive process that probably impacts the potential of the shells to become fossilized; and (3) shells in the photic zone are impacted differently than those dredged from a deep water environment below the photic zone. A major part of this difference is probably the result of both boring and encrusting organisms, especially algae. By comparison, fossil cephalopods as a general group can be expected to vary considerably from the modern specimens because of evolutionary patterns of associated organisms, geographic distribution, and different environments with different paleoecological parameters through time. Caution in overreliance on the taphonomy of these modern shells should be exercised because of the limited sample of Nautilus specimens recovered. The need for additional taphonomic studies of modern externally shelled cephalopods with the recovery of more specimens from the marine environment is highly desirable.
Oliverio, Marco, Modica, Maria Vittoria, 2010, Relationships of the haematophagous marine snail Colubraria (Rachiglossa: Colubrariidae), within the neogastropod phylogenetic framework, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 158, 4, 779-800
doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00568.x Résumé [+] [-]The gastropod genus Colubraria includes marine shallow-water species from tropical, subtropical, and temperate rocky coral environments. At least six species are known to feed on fish blood. Although there is general consensus in placing Colubraria in the Neogastropoda, the actual relationships and the systematic position of Colubraria and related genera are unknown. This is partly the consequence of the lack of a clear phylogenetic framework for the Neogastropoda. This study attempts to propose a phylogenetic framework for the Neogastropoda, by testing: (1) a preliminary phylogenetic arrangement for a large number of recognized neogastropod families; (2) the position of Colubraria within the neogastropods; and (3) the relationships of Colubraria within one of the major neogastropod lineages. We used two different molecular data sets. The first set included representatives of at least 14 neogastropod families, for points (1) and (2), and was based on mitochondrial (16S, 12S, and cytochrome oxidase subunit I, COI) and nuclear (28S) DNA sequences, giving a total of 3443 aligned positions. The second data set, for point (3), included 30 buccinoid sequences from mitochondrial 16S, giving a total of 1029 aligned positions. We also studied the anatomy of the type species of Colubraria and compared it with other neogastropods within the new phylogenetic framework. The results included the first phylogeny of the neogastropod based on 50% of the recognized families. This clearly indicated that the nematoglossan Cancellariidae represent a basal offshoot of the monophyletic Neogastropoda, and that the toxoglossan Conoidea are the sister group to the Rachiglossa. Within the Rachiglossa, a colubrariid clade, worthy of family ranking, showed clear buccinoid affinities. Most of the anatomy of Colubraria is congruent with a buccinoid model. The peculiar anatomical features that do not conform to the buccinoid model seem to be related to the evolution of haematophagous feeding.
Pante, Eric, France, Scott C., 2010, Pseudochrysogorgia bellona n. gen., n. sp.: a new genus and species of chrysogorgiid octocoral (Coelenterata, Anthozoa) from the Coral Sea, Zoosystema, 32, 4, 595–612
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus and species of deep-sea Chrysogorgiidae Verrill, 1883, Pseudochrysogorgia bellona n. gen. n. sp., is described from colonies collected in the Coral Sea, West of New Caledonia (southwestern Pacific Ocean). These specimens bear resemblance to the genera Chrysogorgia Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (dichotomously-subdivided branches arising from the main stem in a spiraling fashion; polyps characterized by ornamented sclerites) and Metallogorgia Versluys, 1902 (colony monopodial, hexagonal branching pattern). Additional material collected North of New Zealand (Otara Seamount) is used to complete the description of this new genus. Its taxonomic rank is discussed in light of morphology- and DNA-based phylogenetic inference and analysis of genetic distances among deep-sea chrysogorgiid genera.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Sysoev, Alexander V., Olivera, Baldomero M., Couloux, Arnaud, Bouchet, Philippe, 2010, Loss of planktotrophy and speciation: geographical fragmentation in the deep-water gastropod genus Bathytoma (Gastropoda, Conoidea) in the western Pacific, Systematics and Biodiversity, 8, 3, 371-394
doi: 10.1080/14772001003748709 Résumé [+] [-]Dispersal capabilities are crucial in how speciation patterns are determined in marine invertebrates. Species possessing a long-living planktonic larva apparently have a dispersal advantage over those with non-planktotrophic development, and their distant populations may exchange genetic material, maintaining a broad geographical range for the species. Recent species of the gastropod genus Bathytoma (Conoidea) are all characterized by non-planktotrophic development, having most probably lost a free-swimming larva in the pre-Pliocene, as Miocene fossils have protoconchs indicating planktotrophic larval development. All have a bathyal distribution (100–1500 m), which implies that their capability for direct expansion on the bottom is restricted by both deep-sea basins and shallow-water areas, especially in insular West and South-West Indo-Pacific. Therefore, it can be hypothesized that Bathytoma populations should represent numerous, mostly allopatric taxa restricted to a single or contiguous island groups. We tested this hypothesis using molecular and morphological characters independently. One hundred and thirty-eight specimens from the Philippines, Solomons, Vanuatu, and the Coral Sea were sequenced for one mitochondrial (COI) and one nuclear (ITS2) gene, and 14 operational molecular units were recognized. When these molecular units are overlaid over shell characters, 13 species (11 unnamed) and one form of uncertain status are recognized: three occur in the Philippines, six in the Solomons and one in New Caledonia. Broad distributions (inter-archipelagic) are uncommon (three species). On the whole, the phylogeographic pattern of the diversity in the genus is rather complex and probably also reflects processes of sympatric and fine-scale allopatric speciation, and local extinctions. The eleven new species are described and named.
Puillandre N., Cruaud C., Kantor Y., 2010, Cryptic species in Gemmuloborsonia (Gastropoda: Conoidea), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 76, 1, 11-23
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyp042 Résumé [+] [-]During a broad molecular taxonomic and phylogenetic survey of the gastropod superfamily Conoidea, 80 specimens of several species of the genus Gemmuloborsonia were sequenced for the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene. The genus, originally established for fossil species from the Plio-Pleistocene of the Philippines, now includes living species from bathyal depths of the Indo-Pacific Oceans. The molecular data demonstrated the presence of five separate entities, while only four ‘morphospecies’ could be isolated by visual examination. The two largest groups, representing separate species from the molecular data, were impossible to distinguish with certainty using shell or anatomical characters. To examine shell morphology in more detail the shape of the last whorl was analysed by Fourier analysis, and the Fourier coordinates were used in canonical variate analysis. The majority of the specimens were separated into two groups, but 21.6% of the specimens were impossible to distinguish by morphological characters. One of these two forms was attributed to the known species Gemmuloborsonia moosai Sysoev & Bouchet, 1996, while the other is described as a new species Gemmuloborsonia clandestina. Bathytoma colorata Sysoev & Bouchet, 2001 is transferred to Gemmuloborsonia on the basis of molecular analysis and radular morphology. Another species, represented in our material by a single specimen, remains undescribed.
- Samadi, Sarah, Laure, CORBARI, Lorion, Julien, Hourdez, Stéphanie, Haga, Takuma, Dupont, Joëlle, Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2010, Biodiversity of deep-sea organismes associated with sunken-wood ot other organic remains sampled in the tropical Indo-pacific, Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 51, 459-466
Scarabino, Victor, Scarabino, Fabrizio, 2010, A new genus and thirteen new species of Scaphopoda (Mollusca) from the tropical Pacific Ocean, Zoosystema, 32, 3, 409-423
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus and 13 new species of Scaphopoda (ten Dentaliida and three Gadilida) are described from the tropical Pacific Ocean in the Coral Sea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis Island and Tonga. The new genus is named Boissevainia n. gen. and the new species are Paradentalium choneides n. sp., P. danielleae n. sp., Fustiaria electra n. sp., F. diaphana n. sp., Gadilina lauensis n. sp., Episiphon joanae n. sp., E. wallisi n. sp., E. indefensum n. sp., E. kantori n. sp., E. lacteum n. sp. (Dentaliida); Bathoxiphus kathieae n. sp., Annulipusellum aenigmaticum n. sp. and Boissevainia mossiae n. gen., n. sp. (Gadilida). The new taxa not only highlight the diversity of the class in the tropical Pacific Ocean, but also indicate the presence of morphologies not yet recorded for the region or described for the class.
Alf, Axel, Kreipl, Kurt, 2011, A new species of Bolma from New Caledonia (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Vetigastropoda, Turbinidae), Spixiana, 34, 1, 3-8
Résumé [+] [-]Most species of the genus Bolma Risso, 1826 live in deep water. This may explain why 17 of the 40 species known today were discovered after 1979 when Beu & Ponder published their revision of the genus. Another new species of the genus Bolma from the deep water off New Caledonia is described here. Bolma Boucheti spec. nov. is a small member of the genus, reaching less than 10 mm height. It is compared with Bolma kreipli Alf, Maestrati & Bouchet, 2010, Bolma fuscolineata Alf & Kreipl, 2009, both also from New Caledonia and Bolma microconcha Kosuge, 1985 which is widely spread in the tropical West Pacific.
Bouchet, Philippe, Kantor, Yuri I., Sysoev, Alexander V., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2011, A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77, 3, 273-308
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyr017 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus-level classification of the Conoidea is presented, based on the molecular phylogeny of Puillandre et al. in the accompanying paper. Fifteen lineages are recognized and ranked as families to facilitate continuity in the treatment of the names Conidae (for 'cones') and Terebridae in their traditional usage. The hitherto polyphyletic 'Turridae' is now resolved as 13 monophyletic families, in which the 358 currently recognized genera and subgenera are placed, or tentatively allocated: Conorbidae (2 (sub) genera), Borsoniidae (34), Clathurellidae (21), Mitromorphidae (8), Mangeliidae (60), Raphitomidae (71), Cochlespiridae (9), Drilliidae (34), Pseudomelatomidae (=Crassispiridae) (59), Clavatulidae (14), Horaiclavidae new family (28), Turridae s. s. (16) and Strictispiridae (2). A diagnosis with description of the shell and radulae is provided for each of these families.
Luque, Ángel A., Geiger, Daniel L., Rolán, Emilio, 2011, A revision of the genus Satondella Bandel, 1998 (Gastropoda, Scissurellidae), Molluscan Research, 31, 1, 1-14
Résumé [+] [-]This revision of the scissurellid genus Satondella Bandel, 1998 is mainly based on shell characters due to the availability of only a few live collected specimens. There are seven Recent species (two described as new) and one Eocene fossil. Satondella minuta Bandel, 1998, the type species from Indonesia, is redescribed and its range extended to New Caledonia, Solomon and Fiji Islands. Satondella tabulata (Watson, 1886) is only known from type material off Culebra Island (Puerto Rico); lectotype and paralectotypes are here designated, and similar material from the Indo-Pacific is discussed. Satondella brasiliensis (Mattar, 1987) is another W. Atlantic species, ranging from Bermuda to Brazil. Satondella senni (Geiger, 2003) is only known from the E. Pacific (Easter Island) and Satondella danieli Segers, Swinnen & Abreu, 2009 from the NE. Atlantic Ocean (Desertas and Madeira Islands). The two new species are distributed through the E. Indian and W. Pacific oceans (S. cachoi n. sp.) and W. Pacific (S. dantarti n. sp.). The Tongan Eocene fossil S. kondoi (Ladd, 1970) is redescribed and illustrated with SEM images. Satondella brasiliensis and S. cachoi have a typical scissurellid radula, except for uniquely having one cusp on the inner edge of the third lateral. The monophyly of the genus is discussed, since species currently included in Satondella show two clearly different shell patterns but all share the unique chimney-like foramen.
McFadden, Catherine S., Benayahu, Yehuda, Pante, Eric, Thoma, Jana N., Nevarez, P. Andrew, France, Scott C., 2011, DNA BARCODING: Limitations of mitochondrial gene barcoding in Octocorallia, Molecular Ecology Resources, 11, 1, 19-31
doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02875.x Résumé [+] [-]The widespread assumption that COI and other mitochondrial genes will be ineffective DNA barcodes for anthozoan cnidarians has not been well tested for most anthozoans other than scleractinian corals. Here we examine the limitations of mitochondrial gene barcoding in the sub-class Octocorallia, a large, diverse, and ecologically important group of anthozoans. Pairwise genetic distance values (uncorrected p) were compared for three candidate barcoding regions: the Folmer region of COI; a fragment of the octocoral-specific mitochondrial protein-coding gene, msh1; and an extended barcode of msh1 plus COI with a short, adjacent intergenic region (igr1). Intraspecific variation was <0.5%, with most species exhibiting no variation in any of the three gene regions. Interspecific divergence was also low: 18.5% of congeneric morphospecies shared identical COI barcodes, and there was no discernible barcoding gap between intra- and interspecific p values. In a case study to assess regional octocoral biodiversity, COI and msh1 barcodes each identified 70% of morphospecies. In a second case study, a nucleotide character-based analysis correctly identified 70% of species in the temperate genus Alcyonium. Although interspecific genetic distances were 2 X greater for msh1 than COI, each marker identified similar numbers of species in the two case studies, and the extended COI + igr1 + msh1 barcode more effectively discriminated sister taxa in Alcyonium. Although far from perfect for species identification, a COI + igr1 + msh1 barcode nonetheless represents a valuable addition to the depauperate set of characters available for octocoral taxonomy.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Meyer, Christopher P., Bouchet, Philippe, Olivera, Baldomero M., 2011, Genetic divergence and geographical variation in the deep-water Conus orbignyi complex (Mollusca: Conoidea): Diversity in the Conus orbignyi complex, Zoologica Scripta, 40, 4, 350-363
doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00478.x Résumé [+] [-]The cone snails (family Conidae) are a hyperdiverse lineage of venomous gastropods. Two standard markers, COI and ITS2, were used to define six genetically divergent groups within a subclade of Conidae that includes Conus orbignyi; each of these was then evaluated based on their shell morphology. We conclude that three forms, previously regarded as subspecies of C. orbignyi are distinct species, now recognized as C. orbignyi, C. elokismenos and C. coriolisi. In addition, three additional species (C. pseudorbignyi, C. joliveti and C. comatosa) belong to this clade. Some of the proposed species (e. g. C. elokismenos) are possibly in turn complexes comprising multiple species. Groups such as Conidae illustrate the challenges generally faced in species delimitation in biodiverse lineages. In the case of C. orbignyi complex, they are not only definable, genetically divergent lineages, but also considerable geographical variation within each group. Our study suggests that an intensive analysis of multiple specimens within a single locality helps to minimize the confounding effects of geographical variation and can be a useful starting point for circumscribing different species within such a confusing complex.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Kantor, Yuri I., Sysoev, Alexander V., Couloux, Arnaud, Meyer, Christopher P., Rawlings, T., Todd, J. A., Bouchet, Philippe, 2011, The dragon tamed? A molecular phylogeny of the Conoidea (Gastropoda), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77, 3, 259-272
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyr015 Résumé [+] [-]The superfamily Conoidea constitutes one of the most diverse and taxonomically challenging groups among marine molluscs. Classifications based on shell or radular characters are highly contradictory and disputed. Whereas the monophyly of the Conidae and Terebridae has not been challenged, the other constituents of the superfamily are placed in a 'trash' group, the turrids, the non-monophyly of which has been demonstrated by anatomical and molecular evidence. We present here a new molecular phylogeny based on a total of 102 conoidean genera (87 'turrids', 5 cones and 10 terebrids) and three mitochondrial genes [cytochrome oxidase I (COI), 12S rRNA and 16S rRNA]. The resulting tree recognizes 14 clades. When the Conidae (Conus s.l.) and Terebridae are ranked as families for consistency of usage, the 'turrids' must be split into 12 families of comparable rank. A new genus-level classification of the Conoidea is published in an accompanying paper.
Cabezas, Patricia, Sanmartín, Isabel, Paulay, Gustav, Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2012, Deep under the sea: unraveling the evolutionary history of the deep-sea squat lobster Paramunida (Decapoda, Munididae), Evolution, 66, 6, 1878-1896
doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01560.x Résumé [+] [-]The diversification of Indo-Pacific marine fauna has long captivated the attention of evolutionary biologists. Previous studies have mainly focused on coral reef or shallow water-associated taxa. Here, we present the first attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary historyphylogeny, diversification, and biogeographyof a deep-water lineage. We sequenced the molecular markers 16S, COI, ND1, 18S, and 28S for nearly 80% of the nominal species of the squat lobster genus Paramunida. Analyses of the molecular phylogeny revealed an accelerated diversification in the late OligoceneMiocene followed by a slowdown in the rate of lineage accumulation over time. A parametric biogeographical reconstruction showed the importance of the southwest Pacific area, specifically the island arc of Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis, and Futuna, for diversification of squat lobsters, probably associated with the global warming, high tectonic activity, and changes in oceanic currents that took place in this region during the OligoceneMiocene period. These results add strong evidence to the hypothesis that the Neogene was a period of major diversification for marine organisms in both shallow and deep waters.
Cairns, Stephen, Kitahara, Marcelo, 2012, An illustrated key to the genera and subgenera of the Recent azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa), with an attached glossary, ZooKeys, 227, 1-47
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.227.3612 Résumé [+] [-]The 120 presently recognized genera and seven subgenera of the azooxanthellate Scleractinia are keyed using gross morphological characters of the corallum. All genera are illustrated with calicular and side views of coralla. All termes used in the key are defined in an illustrated glossary. A table of all species-level keys, both comprehensive and faunistic, is provided covering the last 40 years.
Castelin, Magalie, Puillandre, Nicolas, Kantor, Yuri, Modica, Maria Vittoria, Terryn, Yves, Cruaud, Corinne, Bouchet, Philippe, Holford, Mandë, 2012, Macroevolution of venom apparatus innovations in auger snails (Gastropoda; Conoidea; Terebridae), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 64, 1, 21-44
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.03.001 Résumé [+] [-]The Terebridae are a diverse family of tropical and subtropical marine, gastropods that use a complex and modular venom apparatus to produce toxins that capture polychaete and enteropneust preys. The complexity of the terebrid venom apparatus suggests that venom apparatus development in the Terebridae could be linked to the diversification of the group and can be analyzed within a molecular phylogenetic scaffold to better understand terebrid evolution. Presented here is a molecular phylogeny of 89 terebrid species belonging to 12 of the 15 currently accepted genera, based on Bayesian inference and Maximum Likelihood analyses of amplicons of 3 mitochondrial (COI, 165 and 12S) and one nuclear (28S) genes. The evolution of the anatomy of the terebrid venom apparatus was assessed by mapping traits of six related characters: proboscis, venom gland, odontophore, accessory proboscis structure, radula, and salivary glands. A novel result concerning terebrid phylogeny was the discovery of a previously unrecognized lineage, which includes species of Euterebra and Duplicaria. The non-monophyly of most terebrid genera analyzed indicates that the current genus-level classification of the group is plagued with homoplasy and requires further taxonomic investigations. Foregut anatomy in the family Terebridae reveals an inordinate diversity of features that covers the range of variability within the entire superfamily Conoidea, and that hypodermic radulae have likely evolved independently on at least three occasions. These findings illustrate that terebrid venom apparatus evolution is not perfunctory, and involves independent and numerous changes of central features in the foregut anatomy. The multiple emergence of hypodermic marginal radular teeth in terebrids are presumably associated with variable functionalities, suggesting that terebrids have adapted to dietary changes that may have resulted from predator-prey relationships. The anatomical and phylogenetic results presented serve as a starting point to advance investigations about the role of predator-prey interactions in the diversification of the Terebridae and the impact on their peptide toxins, which are promising bioactive compounds for biomedical research and therapeutic drug development. (c) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Castelin, Magalie, Lorion, Julien, Brisset, Julien, Cruaud, Corinne, Maestrati, Philippe, Utge, Jose, Samadi, Sarah, 2012, Speciation patterns in gastropods with long-lived larvae from deep-sea seamounts, Molecular Ecology, 21, 19, 4828-4853
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05743.x Résumé [+] [-]Characterizing speciation processes in the sea remains a highly contentious issue because geographic barriers to gene exchange, which are the initial conditions for the allopatric speciation model, are not obvious. Moreover, many benthic marine organisms have long-lived planktonic larvae that allow them to connect distant patches of habitats. We here analyse the pattern of speciation in the gastropod genus Bursa in which all species have long-lived and planktonic-feeding larvae. We use a large taxonomic and ecologic coverage of Bursidae from the Indo-Pacific. We use an integrative approach to taxonomy to give more support to available taxonomic hypotheses. This analysis revealed cryptic lineages and suggest that a taxonomic revision of the family should be performed. A molecular clock calibrated from the fossil record was used to estimate divergence times. We then focus on the three co-existing species living in the deep waters of New Caledonia. Over the wide sampled area, no genetic structure was detected for the three species. We show that among New Caledonia species, Bursa fijiensis and Bursa quirihorai are reciprocally monophyletic. These two species are the two more closely related species in the inferred phylogeny. The present biogeographic ranges of the two species and the estimated time of divergence make the scenario of geographic isolation followed by secondary contact unlikely.
Charbonnier, Sylvain, Pérès, Dimitri, Letenneur, Charlène, 2012, Exceptionally preserved crustaceans from the Oxfordian of eastern France (Terrain à Chailles Formation, Haute-Saône), Geodiversitas, 34, 3, 531-568
doi: 10.5252/g2012n3a5 Résumé [+] [-]The Oxfordian fauna from the Terrain à Chailles Formation, eastern France (Haute- Saône, Franche-Comté) is remarkable for its exceptionally preserved crustaceans found in siliceous concretions locally named “chailles”. The crustacean fauna includes 9 different species assigned to the Glypheidae, the Erymidae, the Eryonidae and the Axiidae. Glypheid and erymid lobsters are the most diversified groups with four and three different species respectively. Re-examination of numerous new specimens allows to a more modern and more complete characterization of Glyphea regleyana (Desmarest, 1822), Glyphea muensteri von Meyer, 1840 and Eryma ventrosa (von Meyer, 1835). New detailed anatomic descriptions of these species highlight the presence of marked sexual dimorphism in G. regleyana and probably in E. ventrosa. They reveal processes of autotomy and phenomena of ecdysis in G. regleyana, E. ventrosa and G. muensteri. Quantitative analyses based on 424 nodules show three dominant species: 1) Glyphea regleyana (50.5% of nodules); 2) Eryma ventrosa (24.8%); and 3) Glyphea muensteri (16.5%).Convergent lines of evidence from depositional environment, comparisons with others Jurassic crustaceans and modern analogues indicate that the crustacean fauna from the Terrain à Chailles Formation probably inhabited a moderately deep water setting most probably about 100-150 m (lower circalittoral zone) where light intensity was even sensitive. These crustaceans constitute a very original assemblage intermediary between the communities from the shallow carbonate platforms (e.g., Solnhofen) and those from the bathyal zone (e.g., La Voulte). This new set of data sheds new light on the colonization of the distal platforms by crustacean communities in the Mesozoic.
Claremont, Martine, Reid, David G., Williams, Suzanne T., 2012, Speciation and dietary specialization in Drupa, a genus of predatory marine snails (Gastropoda: Muricidae): Speciation and dietary specialization in Drupa, Zoologica Scripta, 41, 2, 137-149
doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00512.x Résumé [+] [-]We test the competing predictions of allopatric speciation and of ecological speciation by dietary specialization in Drupa, an Indo-Pacific genus of carnivorous marine gastropods in the family Muricidae. We use a well-resolved molecular phylogeny (reconstructed from one nuclear and two mitochondrial genes) to show the validity of the traditional species D. elegans, D. rubusidaeus, D. clathrata, D. morum and D. speciosa. ` Drupa ricinus' is shown to consist of three species: D. ricinus s. s., D. albolabris and a new species, possibly endemic to Japan. ` Purpura' aperta is transferred to Drupa. Despite potential widespread dispersal and a high degree of range overlap among sister species, range sizes between sister species are highly asymmetric, suggesting that speciation has been predominately peripatric. The exception is the sister pair D. ricinus s. s. and D. albolabris, which have symmetric range sizes and are sympatric over broad Indo-Pacific ranges. Such symmetry and extensive sympatry are contrary to the predictions of the (peripatric) allopatric model of speciation. Nevertheless, contrary to the predictions of an ecological speciation model based upon dietary specialization, broad dietary range appears to be identical between the species. Small differences in microhabitat preferences (or hypothetical dietary specialization at a fine taxonomic scale) may have been significant in the speciation process or, if initial divergence was allopatric, in permitting subsequent sympatry. Broad dietary shifts appear to have accompanied more ancient divergences within the genus Drupa.
Fedosov, Alexander E., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2012, Phylogeny and taxonomy of the Kermia–Pseudodaphnella (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Raphitomidae) genus complex: a remarkable radiation via diversification of larval development, Systematics and Biodiversity, 10, 4, 447-477
doi: 10.1080/14772000.2012.753137 Résumé [+] [-]Conoidean gastropods of the genera Kermia, Oliver, and Pseudodaphnella Boettger, (Raphitomidae) are common in shallow-water habitats of the tropical Indo-Pacific. They form a distinct morphologically homogeneous complex, easily recognizable by sculpture and colour pattern, encompassing around 80 described species. Examination of a vast material accumulated during recent expeditions in various regions of the Indo-Pacific revealed a number of undescribed species of this complex. Our material included 32 morphospecies available for molecular phylogenetic study; phylogenetic reconstruction based on the COI gene confirmed the species hypotheses based on morphological characters. A total of 18 terminal taxa were attributed to known species and 14 were identified as new species. Of these, 12 species, for which sufficient material was available, are described. Phylogenetic analysis indicated close relationships of the genera Kermia and Pseudodaphnella with members of some other conoidean genera (specifically Exomilus Hedley, , Paramontana Laseron, and Thetidos Hedley, ) and taxonomic implications of the data obtained are discussed. To test the taxonomic value of protoconch and review its wide use in classification of Conoidea, the evolution of the protoconch morphology was reconstructed using a phylogenetic tree. It has revealed that protoconchs of different types may appear in closely related species, sometimes hardly distinguishable by teleoconch morphology. A switch from planctotrophic to non-planctotrophic mode of development occurred at least four times in the evolutionary history of the Kermia Pseudodaphnella complex, indicating high developmental plasticity of the group. Its role in radiation of the Kermia Pseudodaphnella complex and applications for use of protoconch morphology in the classification of Conoidea are discussed.
Geiger, Daniel L., Marshall, Bruce A., 2012, New species of Scissurellidae, Anatomidae, and Larocheidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda) from New Zealand and beyond, Zootaxa, 3344, 1-33
Résumé [+] [-]Thirteen new species of Scissurellidae (Scissurella regalis n. sp., Sinezona mechanica n. sp., Sinezona platyspira n. sp., Sinezona enigmatica n. sp., Sinezona wanganellica n. sp., Satondella azonata n. sp., Satondella bicristata n. sp.), Anatomidae (Anatoma amydra n. sp., Anatoma kopua n. sp., Anatoma megascutula n. sp., Anatoma tangaroa n. sp.), and Larocheidae (Larochea spirata n. sp., Larocheopsis macrostoma n. sp.) are described, all of which occur in New Zealand waters. The greatest geographic source of new taxa is the islands and underwater features off northern New Zealand. The new shell-morphological term "sutsel" is introduced for the area between the SUTure and the SELenizone.
Houart, Roland, Héros, Virginie, 2012, New species of Muricidae (Gastropoda) and additional or noteworthy records from the western Pacific, Zoosystema, 34, 1, 21-37
doi: 10.5252/z2012n1a2 Résumé [+] [-]Fourteen species of Muricidae referable to the (sub)genera Promurex Ponder & Vokes, 1988, Pygmaepterys Vokes, 1978, Murexsul lredale, 1915, Pazinotus Vokes, 1970, Prototyphis Ponder, 1972, Ponderia Houart, 1986, Gemixystus Iredale, 1929, Leptotrophon Houart, 1995 and Scabrotrophon McLean, 1996 are reported from New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands and Taiwan, to depths down to 1750 m. Five new species are described: Favartia (Pygmaepterys) lifouensis n. sp. from New Caledonia with range extension to the Solomon Islands, Pazinotus chionodes n. sp. and Gemixystus calcareus n. sp. from New Caledonia, Leptotrophon wareni n. sp. from the Solomon Islands and Favartia (Pygmaepterys) circinata n. sp. from Taiwan.
Houart, Roland, 2012, The Timbellus richeri complex (Gastropoda: Muricidae) in the southwest Pacific, Novapex, 13, 3-4, 91-101
Résumé [+] [-]Two new species of Timbellus are described from the Coral Sea and the New Caledonia region with extension to Fiji, Tonga and the Kermadec Islands for one species. Both species are compared to T. richeri (Houart, 1987) and T. vespertilio (Kuroda, 1959). Nine species of the genus Timbellus are recorded from the Coral Sea and the New Caledonia region. Ouly one, T. bilobatus n. sp. Is known from other localities in the Indo-West Pacific province.
Kantor, Yuri I., Strong, Ellen E., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2012, A new lineage of Conoidea (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda) revealed by morphological and molecular data, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 78, 3, 246-255
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eys007 Résumé [+] [-]The hyperdiverse group of venomous Conoidea has eluded attempts to construct a robust and stable classification owing to the absence of a robust and stable phylogenetic framework. New molecular data have greatly enhanced our understanding of conoidean evolution, allowing the construction of a new family-level classification. This expanding framework has also allowed the discovery of several independent lineages that merit recognition at familial rank. One of these, based on seven specimens collected over more than 20 years from deep waters off New Caledonia, represents a unique, monotypic lineage closely related to Mitromorphidae, which we here name as the new family Bouchetispiridae. This new lineage bears a unique combination of teleoconch, protoconch and anatomical characters previously unknown within the Conoidea, including a translucent, fusiform shell with sculpture of strong axial ribs crossed by spiral cords, a multispiral protoconch of only 2.5 whorls with punctate sculpture, hypodermic marginal teeth and a multilayered venom bulb with two layers of muscle separated by connective tissue. This lineage may represent the sole survivor of a previously more diverse clade, or is simply one of many unique taxa that have arisen among the isolated sea mounts off New Caledonia.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, 2012, Evolution of the radular apparatus in Conoidea (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda) as inferred from a molecular phylogeny, Malacologia, 55, 1, 55–90
doi: 10.4002/040.055.0105 Résumé [+] [-]The anatomy and evolution of the radular apparatus in predatory marine gastropods of the superfamily Conoidea is reconstructed on the basis of a molecular phylogeny, based on three mitochondrial genes (COI, 12S and 16S) for 102 species. A unique feeding mechanism involving use of individual marginal radular teeth at the proboscis tip for stabbing and poisoning of prey is here assumed to appear at the earliest stages of evolution of the group. The initial major evolutionary event in Conoidea was the divergence to two main branches. One is characterized by mostly hypodermic marginal teeth and absence of an odontophore, while the other possesses a radula with primarily duplex marginal teeth, a strong subradular membrane and retains a fully functional odontophore. The radular types that have previously been considered most ancestral, “prototypic” for the group (flat marginal teeth; multicuspid lateral teeth of Drilliidae; solid recurved teeth of Pseudomelatoma and Duplicaria), were found to be derived conditions. Solid recurved teeth appeared twice, independently, in Conoidea – in Pseudomelatomidae and Terebridae. The Terebridae, the sister group of Turridae, are characterized by very high radular variability, and the transformation of the marginal radular teeth within this single clade repeats the evolution of the radular apparatus across the entire Conoidea.
Kantor, Yuri I., Puillandre, Nicolas, Rivasseau, Audrey, Bouchet, Philippe, 2012, Neither a buccinid nor a turrid: a new family of deep-sea snails for Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883 (Mollusca, Neogastropoda) with a review of recent Indo-Pacific species, Zootaxa, 3496, 1-64
Résumé [+] [-]The new family Belomitridae is established for the deep-water buccinoid genus Belomitra P. Fischer, 1883, based on morphological (shell and radulae) and molecular evidence. The rachiglossate radula is uniquely characterized by a multicuspid rachidian and lateral teeth with very long narrow bases and two small cusps closer to tip. Molecular analysis of a reduced set of Buccinoidea did not resolve the group as a clade, but shows that Belomitridae forms a well supported clade within Buccinoidea. Species of Belomitra have adult sizes in the 7-53 mm range; they live in deep water, mostly in the 500-2,000 meters range, at low and mid latitudes. Eleven valid species described from the Indo-Pacific were originally named in the families Buccinidae, Columbellidae, Cancellariidae, Volutidae, and Turridae. Fourteen new species are described: Belomitra nesiotica n. sp. (Society Islands to Tonga and Fiji in 580-830 m), B. bouteti n. sp. (Society and Tuamotu Islands in 430-830 m), B. subula n. sp. (Solomon Islands to Vanuatu in 760-1110 m), B. caudata n. sp. (Sulu Sea in 2300 m), B. gymnobela n. sp. (South Pacific, eastern Indonesia and Philippines in 780-2040 m), B. hypsomitra n. sp. (Fiji in 392-407 m), B. brachymitra n. sp. (Fiji in 395-540 m), B. comitas n. sp. (Madagascar and Philippines in 1075-1110 m), B. minutula (Coral Sea in 490 m), B. granulata n. sp. (New Caledonia in 105-860 m), B. reticulata n. sp. (Tonga and Fiji to New Caledonia in 395-656 m), B. decapitata n. sp. (Indian Ocean and New Caledonia in 3680-4400 m), B. admete n. sp. (off Sri Lanka in 2540 m), and B. radula n. sp. (Madagascar in 367-488 m).
Puillandre, Nicolas, Modica, Maria-Victoria, Zhan, Y., Sirovich, L., Boisselier, Marie-Catherine, Cruaud, Corinne, Holford, Mandë, Samadi, Sarah, 2012, Large-scale species delimitation method for hyperdiverse groups: LARGE-SCALE SPECIES DELIMITATION, Molecular Ecology, 21, 11, 2671-2691
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05559.x Résumé [+] [-]Accelerating the description of biodiversity is a major challenge as extinction rates increase. Integrative taxonomy combining molecular, morphological, ecological and geographical data is seen as the best route to reliably identify species. Classic molluscan taxonomic methodology proposes primary species hypotheses (PSHs) based on shell morphology. However, in hyperdiverse groups, such as the molluscan family Turridae, where most of the species remain unknown and for which homoplasy and plasticity of morphological characters is common, shell-based PSHs can be arduous. A four-pronged approach was employed to generate robust species hypotheses of a 1000 specimen South-West Pacific Turridae data set in which: (i) analysis of COI DNA Barcode gene is coupled with (ii) species delimitation tools GMYC (General Mixed Yule Coalescence Method) and ABGD (Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery) to propose PSHs that are then (iii) visualized using Klee diagrams and (iv) evaluated with additional evidence, such as nuclear gene rRNA 28S, morphological characters, geographical and bathymetrical distribution to determine conclusive secondary species hypotheses (SSHs). The integrative taxonomy approach applied identified 87 Turridae species, more than doubling the amount previously known in the Gemmula genus. In contrast to a predominantly shell-based morphological approach, which over the last 30 years proposed only 13 new species names for the Turridae genus Gemmula, the integrative approach described here identified 27 novel species hypotheses not linked to available species names in the literature. The formalized strategy applied here outlines an effective and reproducible protocol for large-scale species delimitation of hyperdiverse groups.
Williams, Suzanne T., 2012, Advances in molecular systematics of the vetigastropod superfamily Trochoidea: Advances in systematics of Trochoidea, Zoologica Scripta, 41, 6, 571-595
doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00552.x Résumé [+] [-]The gastropod superfamily Trochoidea Rafinesque, 1815 is comprised of a diverse range of species, including large and charismatic species of commercial value as well as many small or enigmatic taxa that are only recently being represented in molecular studies. This study includes the first sequences for rarely collected species from the genera Gaza Watson, 1879, Callogaza Dall, 1881, Antimargarita Powell, 1951 and Kaiparathina Laws, 1941. There is also greater taxon sampling of genera that have proved difficult to place in previous phylogenetic analyses, like Tectus Montfort, 1810, Tegula Lesson, 1832, Margarites Gray, 1847, Margarella Thiele, 1893 and trochoid skeneimorphs. There is also greater sampling of poorly represented families Solariellidae and Liotiidae. Bayesian analysis of combined gene data sets based on four (28S, 12S, 16S and COI) or five genes (plus 18S) suggests that there are eight, possibly nine families in Trochoidea including the families Margaritidae and Tegulidae, which are recognized for the first time at familial rank. Other trochoidean families confirmed are Calliostomatidae, Liotiidae, Skeneidae, Solariellidae, Trochidae and Turbinidae. A clade including Cittarium and the commercially important genera Rochia and Tectus may represent a possible ninth family, but this is not formally recognized or described here and awaits confirmation from further studies. Relationships among families were not generally well supported except in the 5-gene tree. In the 5-gene tree, Turbinidae, Liotiidae, Tegulidae, Cittarium, Rochia and Tectus form a well-supported clade consistent with the previous molecular and morphological studies linking these groups. This clade forms another well-supported clade with Margaritidae and Solariellidae. Trochidae is sister to Calliostomatidae with strong support. Subfamilial relationships within Trochidae are consistent with recent molecular studies, with the addition of one new subfamily, Kaiparathininae Marshall 1993 (previously a tribe). Only two subfamilies are recognized within Turbinidae, both with calcareous opercula: Prisogasterinae and Turbininae. Calliostomatidae includes a new subfamily Margarellinae. Its assignment to Calliostomatidae, although well supported by molecular evidence, is surprising considering morphological evidence.
Claremont, Martine, Houart, Roland, Williams, Suzanne T., Reid, David G., 2013, A molecular phylogenetic framework for the Ergalataxinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 79, 1, 19-29
doi: 10.1093/mollus/eys028 Résumé [+] [-]The validity of the muricid subfamily Ergalataxinae has recently been confirmed with molecular data, but its composition and the relationships among its constituent genera remain unclear. In order to investigate this, we use four genes (28S rRNA, 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I) to construct a Bayesian phylogeny of 52 ergalataxine species in 18 genera, representing c. 40 of the currently accepted species and 86 of the genera. This is the most complete phylogeny of this taxonomically confusing subfamily yet produced. Our results indicate the polyphyly of many traditional genera, including Morula, Pascula and Orania. In order to improve the correspondence between classification and phylogeny, we restrict the definition of Morula, resurrect Tenguella and elevate Oppomorus to full genus, but describe no new genera. Several species in this analysis could not be identified and may be new, but we do not describe them. Further molecular and morphological analyses, in the context of this framework, should help to resolve the remaining ambiguities in the classification of this subfamily. The oldest fossil member of the Ergalataxinae known to us is of Early Oligocene age.
Claremont, Martine, Vermeij, Geerat J., Williams, Suzanne T., Reid, David G., 2013, Global phylogeny and new classification of the Rapaninae (Gastropoda: Muricidae), dominant molluscan predators on tropical rocky seashores, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 66, 1, 91-102
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.014 Résumé [+] [-]The monophyly of the muricid subfamily Rapaninae has recently been confirmed with molecular techniques, but its composition and the relationships among its constituent genera remain unclear. We use four genes (28S rRNA, 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, COI) to construct a Bayesian phylogeny of 80 rapanine species (73% of the approximately 109 currently accepted), representing 27 of the 31 nominal genera. This is the most complete phylogeny of this taxonomically confusing subfamily yet produced. We propose a revised phylogenetic classification of the Rapaninae, assigning the recognized species to 28 genera. Most of the morphologically-defined rapanine genera are considered valid, including Purpura, Drupa, Thais and Nassa, but many of them are here restricted or redefined so that they are monophyletic. In particular the familiar genus Thais is narrowly restricted to a single species. Many groups previously accepted as subgenera, including Mancinella, Vasula, Thalessa and Thaisella, are here accorded full generic rank. We describe one new genus, Indothais. While we do not formally alter species-level taxonomy, we show molecular evidence for two cryptic species and several instances of probable species synonymy. We estimate the age of diversification of the Rapaninae as Late Cretaceous (75.9 Ma) and of many of its genera as Miocene. (C) 2012 Elseviei Inc. All rights reserved.
Dijkstra, Henk H., Maestrati, Philippe, 2013, New species and new records of bathyal living Pectinoidea (Bivalvia: Propeamussiidae: Pectinidae) from the Southwest Pacific, Zoosystema, 35, 4, 469-478
doi: 10.5252/z2013n4a1 Résumé [+] [-]Nineteen species of Pectinoidea (16 Propeamussiidae, 3 Pectinidae) are herein listed. All species from the Solomon Islands (9 species), and New Caledonia (Norfolk Ridge , main island of New Caledonia , Grand Passage , Coral Sea ) are new records. Two Propeamussiidae species are new to science: Parvamussium orbiculatum n. sp. (Solomon Islands and Coral Sea) and Parvamussium perspicuum n. sp. (Vanuatu). One pectinid species from Vanuatu (Juxtamusium sp.) will be described later, when more material becomes available.
Lemaitre, Rafael, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin-Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea, Parapaguridae): A worldwide review and summary, with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 311-421
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the deep-water hermit crab species of the genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 from the world oceans is presented. The core specimen base for this study has come primarily from the abundant collections of species of this genus obtained during French campaigns over the last four decades, and complemented with numerous specimens from many other deep-sea expeditions and deposited in various museum holdings around the world. Paragiopagurus is one of the most speciose genus among the Parapaguridae Smith, 1882, although it is considered a phylogenetically heterogeneous assemblage and does not appear to have an apomorphy of its own. Bathymetrically, the species range in depth from 36 to 2034 m, although they occur most frequently between 200 and 1000 m. The species utilize as housing, gastropod shells (or rarely scaphopod shells, siliceous sponges, or hollow pieces of wood) that may or may not be colonized by actinians or zoanthids. In this review, 24 species are recognized, of which five are new, P. laperousei n. sp., P. orthotenes n. sp., P. oxychelos n. sp., P. trilineatus n. sp., and P. umbonatus n. sp. The new species are fully described and illustrated. All previously known species of the genus are diagnosed or redescribed, and previously published illustrations of important taxonomic characters assembled and complemented, when useful, with new illustrations. The treatment of each species includes a full synonymy, materials examined (type and non-types), colouration, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Colour photographs are included for 14 of the species. Parapagurus curvispina de Saint Laurent, 1974, a species tentatively moved after its description to Sympagurus Smith, 1883 and then to Paragiopagurus, is herein transferred with certainty to Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996. Parapagurus spinimanus Balss, 1911, a species that had been incorrectly placed in Paragiopagurus, is herein moved to Sympagurus. Parapagurus sculptochela Zarenkov, 1990, a taxon previously considered a junior synonym of Paragiopagurus boletifer (de Saint Laurent, 1972), is herein resurrected as a valid species of Paragiopagurus. The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Paragiopagurus species are summarized and briefly discussed, including a summary table, graph, and map with generalized distribution patterns.
Lorion, Julien, Kiel, Steffen, Faure, Baptiste, Kawato, Masuro, Ho, Simon Y.W, Marshall, Bruce A., Tsuchida, Shinji, Miyazaki, Jun-Ichi, Fujiwara, Yoshihiro, 2013, Adaptive radiation of chemosymbiotic deep-sea mussels, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280, 1770, 20131243-20131243
doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.1243 Résumé [+] [-]Adaptive radiations present fascinating opportunities for studying the evolutionary process. Most cases come from isolated lakes or islands, where unoccupied ecological space is filled through novel adaptations. Here, we describe an unusual example of an adaptive radiation: symbiotic mussels that colonized island-like chemosynthetic environments such as hydrothermal vents, cold seeps and sunken organic substrates on the vast deep-sea floor. Our time-calibrated molecular phylogeny suggests that the group originated and acquired sulfur-oxidizing symbionts in the Late Cretaceous, possibly while inhabiting organic substrates and long before its major radiation in the Middle Eocene to Early Oligocene. The first appearance of intracellular and methanotrophic symbionts was detected only after this major radiation. Thus, contrary to expectations, the major radiation may have not been triggered by the evolution of novel types of symbioses. We hypothesize that environmental factors, such as increased habitat availability and/or increased dispersal capabilities, sparked the radiation. Intracellular and methanotrophic symbionts were acquired in several independent lineages and marked the onset of a secondwave of diversification at vents and seeps. Changes in habitat type resulted in adaptive trends in shell lengths (related to the availability of space and energy, and physiological trade-offs) and in the successive colonization of greater water depths.
Ma, Ka Yan, Chu, Ka Hou, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The deep-sea spiny lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palinuridae), with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 191-230
Résumé [+] [-]Recent French deep-sea expeditions in the Indo-West Pacific resulted in the collection of abundant material of the deep-sea lobster genus Puerulus Ortmann, 1897 (Palinuridae). Difficulties in identification necessitated a generic revision and as a result, five new species are described, all of which are similar to P. angulatus (Bate, 1888). Puerulus angulatus was thought to have a wide distribution from eastern Africa to Marquesas Islands, but is now restricted to the western Pacific, from Japan to Australia. Of the five new species, P. gibbosus n. sp. is found in eastern Africa, P. mesodontus n. sp. from Japan to Fiji, P. richeri n. sp. from the New Caledonia to Marquesas Islands, while P. sericus n. sp. and P. quadridentis n. sp. mainly occur around New Caledonia. Of the other three previously described species, the distribution of P. velutinus Holthuis, 1963, is extended to Fiji, while P. sewelli Ramadan, 1938, and P. carinatus Borradaile, 1910, are still only known from the northern and western parts of the Indian Ocean, respectively. COI gene sequence differences support the morphological species distinctions.
Messing, Charles G., 2013, A revision of the genus Atelecrinus PH Carpenter (Echinodermata: Crinoidea), Zootaxa, 3681, 1, 1-43
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3681.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The unusual bathyal comatulid crinoid genus Atelecrinus is widespread in the Atlantic and tropical Pacific Oceans and currently includes three recognized species. A re-assessment based on examination of new and existing specimens requires establishment of two new genera and five new species, and returns three junior synonyms to species-level status. Paratelecrinus is erected to accommodate Atelecrinus wyvilli PH Carpenter, A. conifer AH Clark, A. cubensis PH Carpenter, P. orthotriremis, new species, P. amenouzume new species, P. laticonulus new species and P. telo new species. Adelatelecrinus is erected to accommodate Atelecrinus sulcatus AH Clark and Adelatelecrinus vallatus new species. Atelecrinus retains A. balanoides PH Carpenter and A. helgae AH Clark, which restricts the genus to the Atlantic. In both Paratelecrinus and Adelatelecrinus, the basals articulate with the centrodorsal via ligament bundles anchored in deep ring-like interradial pits that project into the centrodorsal cavity, whereas in Atelecrinus the centrodorsal rim has shallow interradial concavities and attaches to the basals via a tight junction with no obvious ligament bundles. The spoon-shaped aboral fossa in the basals of Paratelecrinus appears to be unique among articulate crinoids and differs from the smooth fossa found in both Atelecrinus and Adelatelecrinus. New material extends the range of the family to the Indian Ocean. A few species are now known from enough specimens to identify some ontogenetic and distributional variations. Proximal ray morphology varies substantially with size in P. cubensis and P. orthotriremis. A. balanoides generally occurs in deeper water in the Lesser Antilles than in the Bahamas and Strait of Florida, while P. orthotriremis occurs in shallower water in the Lesser Antilles and deeper in the Bahamas.
Taylor, John D., Glover, Emily A., 2013, New lucinid bivalves from shallow and deeper water of the Indian and West Pacific Oceans (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Lucinidae)., ZooKeys, 326, 69-90
ter Poorten, Jan Johan, 2013, Revision of the Recent species of the genus Nemocardium Meek, 1876 (Bivalvia, Cardiidae), with the descriptions of three new species, Basteria, 77, 4-6, 45-73
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Nemocardium Meek, 1876, is traditionally considered a relict of the past. Morphometric and morphological analyses reveal that the well-known species N. bechei (Reeve, 1847) is in need of taxonomic reconsideration. In this paper, five species are recognized, three of which are new to science: N. bechei from Taiwan, Philippines and Indonesia; N. probatum (Iredale, 1927) from northern Australia; N. australojaponicum spec. nov. From southern Japan and Korea; N. enigmaticum spec. nov. From the SouthWest Pacific and N. fulvum spec. nov. from Mozambique, Madagascar, Seychelles, India, Philippines and Vanuatu. All but the last species seem to occur perfectly parapatrically. With N. fulvum spec. nov., which is not confined to the Central Indo-Pacific but covers large parts of the Indian Ocean as well, the longitudinal range of Nemocardium is much wider than hitherto thought. A substitute lectotype is designated for Cardium bechei Reeve, 1847, and the New Zealand genus Varicardium Marwick, 1944, is synonymized with Nemocardium.
Williams, Suzanne T., Smith, L.M., Herbert, David Guy, Marshall, Bruce A., Warén, Anders, Kiel, Steffen, Dyal, Patricia, Linse, Katrin, Vilvens, Claude, Kano, Yasunori, 2013, Cenozoic climate change and diversification on the continental shelf and slope: evolution of gastropod diversity in the family Solariellidae (Trochoidea), Ecology and Evolution, 3, 4, 887-917
doi: 10.1002/ece3.513 Résumé [+] [-]Recent expeditions have revealed high levels of biodiversity in the tropical deep-sea, yet little is known about the age or origin of this biodiversity, and large-scale molecular studies are still few in number. In this study, we had access to the largest number of solariellid gastropods ever collected for molecular studies, including many rare and unusual taxa. We used a Bayesian chronogram of these deep-sea gastropods (1) to test the hypothesis that deep-water communities arose onshore, (2) to determine whether Antarctica acted as a source of diversity for deep-water communities elsewhere and (3) to determine how factors like global climate change have affected evolution on the continental slope. We show that although fossil data suggest that solariellid gastropods likely arose in a shallow, tropical environment, interpretation of the molecular data is equivocal with respect to the origin of the group. On the other hand, the molecular data clearly show that Antarctic species sampled represent a recent invasion, rather than a relictual ancestral lineage. We also show that an abrupt period of global warming during the Palaeocene Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) leaves no molecular record of change in diversification rate in solariellids and that the group radiated before the PETM. Conversely, there is a substantial, although not significant increase in the rate of diversification of a major clade approximately 33.7Mya, coinciding with a period of global cooling at the EoceneOligocene transition. Increased nutrients made available by contemporaneous changes to erosion, ocean circulation, tectonic events and upwelling may explain increased diversification, suggesting that food availability may have been a factor limiting exploitation of deep-sea habitats. Tectonic events that shaped diversification in reef-associated taxa and deep-water squat lobsters in central Indo-West Pacific were also probably important in the evolution of solariellids during the Oligo-Miocene.
Bracken-Grissom, H. D., Ahyong, Shane T., Wilkinson, R. D., Feldmann, R. M., Schweitzer, C. E., Breinholt, J. W., Bendall, M., Palero, F., Chan, Tin‐Yam, Felder, D. L., Robles, R., Chu, K.-H., Tsang, L.-M., Kim, D., Martin, J. W., Crandall, K. A., 2014, The Emergence of Lobsters: Phylogenetic Relationships, Morphological Evolution and Divergence Time Comparisons of an Ancient Group (Decapoda: Achelata, Astacidea, Glypheidea, Polychelida), Systematic Biology, 63, 4, 457-479
doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syu008 Résumé [+] [-]Lobsters are a ubiquitous and economically important group of decapod crustaceans that include the infraorders Polychelida, Glypheidea, Astacidea andAchelata. They include familiar forms such as the spiny, slipper, clawed lobsters and crayfish and unfamiliar forms such as the deep-sea and “living fossil” species. The high degree of morphological diversity among these infraorders has led to a dynamic classification and conflicting hypotheses of evolutionary relationships. In this study, we estimated phylogenetic relationships among the major groups of all lobster families and 94% of the genera using six genes (mitochondrial and nuclear) and 195 morphological characters across 173 species of lobsters for the most comprehensive sampling to date. Lobsters were recovered as a non-monophyletic assemblage in the combined (molecular + morphology) analysis. All families were monophyletic, with the exception of Cambaridae, and 7 of 79 generawere recovered as poly- or paraphyletic. A rich fossil history coupled with dense taxon coverage allowed us to estimate and compare divergence times and origins of major lineages using two drastically different approaches. Age priors were constructed and/or included based on fossil age information or fossil discovery, age, and extant species count data. Results from the two approaches were largely congruent across deep to shallow taxonomic divergences across major lineages. The origin of the first lobster-like decapod (Polychelida) was estimated in the Devonian (∼409–372 Ma) with all infraorders present in the Carboniferous (∼353–318 Ma). Fossil calibration subsampling studies examined the influence of sampling density (number of fossils) and placement (deep, middle, and shallow) on divergence time estimates. Results fromour study suggest including at least 1 fossil per 10 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) in divergence dating analyses.
Chan, Benny K.K., Corbari, Laure, Rodriguez Moreno, Paula A., Jones, Diana S., 2014, Two new deep-sea stalked barnacles, Arcoscalpellum epeeum sp. nov. and Gymnoscalpellum indopacificum sp. nov., from the Coral Sea, with descriptions of the penis in Gymnoscalpellum dwarf males, Zootaxa, 3866, 2, 261-276
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3866.2.5 Résumé [+] [-]The present study describes a new species of Arcoscalpellum Hoek, 1907, and a new species of Gymnoscalpellum Newman & Ross, 1971, collected by deep-sea expeditions led by the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (Paris) in the Coral Sea off New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea (PNG), the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Arcoscalpellum epeeum sp. Nov. Differs from all described species of Arcoscalpellum by the presence of a long, sharp, sword-shaped carina, which extends beyond the apices of the terga by 1/3 to 1/4 of their length. The species is dioecious, with large females and dwarf males that are sac-like, lack shell plates and are housed in paired receptacles at the inner edges of the scutal plates. Arcoscalpellum epeeum sp. Nov. Was collected in the waters of New Caledonia and Vanuatu. Gymnoscalpellum indopacificum sp. Nov. Differs from the six currently described species of Gymnoscalpellum by having a very small inframedian latus and a branched upper latus. The species is dioecious, with large females and dwarf males, the latter composed of 4 shell plates and housed in paired receptacles at the inner edges of the scutal plates. The penis of the dwarf males of G. indopacificum sp. Nov. Is about 0.8 of the total length of the male and has five side branches extending out along its length. Gymnoscalpellum indopacificum sp. Nov. Is distributed in the waters of Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, and represents the first record of this genus in the Indo-Pacific region.
Charbonnier, Sylvain, Audo, Denis, Barriel, Véronique, Garassino, Alessandro, Schweigert, Günter, Simpson, Martin, 2014, Phylogeny of fossil and extant glypheid and litogastrid lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda) as revealed by morphological characters, Cladistics, 31, 3, 231-249
doi: 10.1111/cla.12088 Résumé [+] [-]A phylogenetic analysis of a total of 31 species: 27 fossil species from seven families (Glypheidae, Litogastridae, Mecochiridae, Pemphicidae, Erymidae, Clytiopsidae, Chimaerastacidae), and four extant species from three families (Glypheidae, Nephropidae, Stenopodidae) is proposed. Most of the genera considered are coded exclusively based upon their type species and, as much as possible, based upon the type specimens. The cladistic analysis demonstrates that the glypheidean lobsters (infraorder Glypheidea) form a monophyletic group including two superfamilies: Glypheoidea and Pemphicoidea new status. Glypheoidea includes three families: Glypheidae, Mecochiridae and Litogastridae. Litogastridae is the sister group of the clade Glypheidae + Mecochiridae. Pemphicoidea includes a single family: Pemphicidae. A new classification of Glypheidea is proposed and currently known genera are rearranged based upon the phylogenetic analysis.
Kool, Hugo H., Galindo, Lee Ann, 2014, Description and Molecular Characterization of Six New Species of Nassarius (Gastropoda, Nassariidae) from the Western Pacific Ocean, American Malacological Bulletin, 32, 2, 147-164
doi: 10.4003/006.032.0202 Résumé [+] [-]Six new species of the genus Nassarius Duméril, 1805 are described, based on material collected from the Coral Triangle and the South Pacific. We combine traditional morphology-based descriptions with the molecular (Cytochrome c oxidase I - COI) signature of the new species. New species are: Nassarius ocellatus sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius houbricki sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Queensland and Tonga), Nassarius radians sp. Nov. (Philippines to Vanuatu), Nassarius vanuatuensis sp. Nov. (Vanuatu), Nassarius velvetosus sp. Nov. (Western Australia to Fiji) and Nassarius martinezi sp. Nov. (Solomon Islands to Tonga).
Lemaitre, Rafael, 2014, A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Parapaguridae), with descriptions of nine new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62, 210–301
Résumé [+] [-]A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the deep-water hermit crab genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 is presented. This genus, originally defined for 10 species is set apart from other Parapaguridae as well as other Paguroidea, by one synapomorphy: the presence of an upwardly curved epistomial spine. This study is based on a large amount of specimens deposited in major museums and collected during deep-sea sampling across the world oceans since the late 1800s, with the bulk of material coming from French campaigns in the Indo-Pacific, central and south Pacific during the last 40 years. A total of 24 species are recognised in this investigation, nine of which are new and fully described and illustrated. All previously known species are diagnosed or re-described, including figures assembled from recent published accounts or newly illustrated, of the most important morphological features useful for identifi cations. Information for each species includes a synonymy (full or abbreviated if a synonymy has recently been published), material examined (type and non-types), variations when signifi cant, colouration when available, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Rare colour photographs are included for five species. Species of Oncopagurus range in depth from the Continental Shelf (50 m) to the Continental Rise (2308 m), although they are most commonly found in 50–500 m. Individuals of the majority of species in this genus are minute in size (< 3 mm in shield length), species differ in subtle morphological characters, and often exhibit the same broad morphological variations related to sex and size that has been documented in species of other genera of Parapaguridae. Oncopagurus mironovi Zhadan, 1997, a taxon reported from the Nazca and Sala-y-Gómez Ridges, is considered a junior synonym of the widely distributed O. indicus (Alcock, 1905). The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Oncopagurus species are summarised and briefly discussed, complemented with a summary table, graph, and map with generalised distribution patterns. The scant phylogenetic knowledge of this genus is summarised.
Puillandre, Nicolas, Bouchet, Philippe, Duda, T.F., Kauferstein, S., Kohn, A.J., Olivera, Baldomero M., Watkins, Maren, Meyer, C., 2014, Molecular phylogeny and evolution of the cone snails (Gastropoda, Conoidea), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 78, 290-303
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.05.023 Résumé [+] [-]We present a large-scale molecular phylogeny that includes 320 of the 761 recognized valid species of the cone snails (Conus), one of the most diverse groups of marine molluscs, based on three mitochondrial genes (COI, 16S rDNA and 12S rDNA). This is the first phylogeny of the taxon to employ concatenated sequences of several genes, and it includes more than twice as many species as the last published molecular phylogeny of the entire group nearly a decade ago. Most of the numerous molecular phylogenies published during the last 15 years are limited to rather small fractions of its species diversity. Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses are mostly congruent and confirm the presence of three previously reported highly divergent lineages among cone snails, and one identified here using molecular data. About 85% of the species cluster in the single Large Major Clade; the others are divided between the Small Major Clade (12%), the Conus californicus lineage (one species), and a newly defined clade (3%). We also define several subclades within the Large and Small major clades, but most of their relationships remain poorly supported. To illustrate the usefulness of molecular phylogenies in addressing specific evolutionary questions, we analyse the evolution of the diet, the biogeography and the toxins of cone snails. All cone snails whose feeding biology is known inject venom into large prey animals and swallow them whole. Predation on polychaete worms is inferred as the ancestral state, and diet shifts to molluscs and fishes occurred rarely. The ancestor of cone snails probably originated from the Indo-Pacific; rather few colonisations of other biogeographic provinces have probably occurred. A new classification of the Conidae, based on the molecular phylogeny, is published in an accompanying paper.
Taylor, John D., Glover, Emily A., Williams, Suzanne T., 2014, Diversification of chemosymbiotic bivalves: origins and relationships of deeper water Lucinidae, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 111, 2, 401–420
doi: 10.1111/bij.12208 Résumé [+] [-]Although species of the chemosymbiotic bivalve family Lucinidae are often diverse and abundant in shallow water habitats such as seagrass beds, new discoveries show that the family is equally speciose at slope and bathyal depths, particularly in the tropics, with records down to 2500m. New molecular analyses including species from habitats down to 2000m indicate that these cluster in four of seven recognized subfamilies: Leucosphaerinae, Myrteinae, Codakiinae, and Lucininae, with none of these comprising exclusively deep-water species. Amongst the Leucosphaerinae, Alucinoma, Epidulcina, Dulcina, and Myrtina live mainly at depths greater than 200m. Most Myrteinae inhabit water depths below 100m, including Myrtea, Notomyrtea, Gloverina, and Elliptiolucina species. In the Codakinae, only the Lucinoma clade live in deep water; Codakia and Ctena clades are largely restricted to shallow water. Lucininae are the most speciose of the subfamilies but only four species analyzed, Troendleina sp., Epicodakia' falkandica, Bathyaustriella thionipta, and Cardiolucina quadrata, occur at depths greater than 200m. Our results indicate that slope and bathyal lucinids have several and independent originations from different clades with a notable increased diversity in Leucosphaerinae and Myrteinae. Some of the deep-water lucinids (e.g. Elliptiolucina, Dulcina, and Gloverina) have morphologies not seen in shallow water species, strongly suggesting speciation and radiation in these environments. By contrast, C.quadrata clusters with a group of shallow water congenors. Although not well investigated, offshore lucinids are usually found at sites of organic enrichment, including sunken vegetation, oxygen minimum zones, hydrocarbon seeps, and sedimented hydrothermal vents. The association of lucinids with hydrocarbon seeps is better understood and has been traced in the fossil record to the late Jurassic with successions of genera recognized; Lucinoma species are particularly prominent from the Oligocene to present day.(c) 2013 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2014, 111, 401-420.
Torres, Asvin P., Palero, Ferran, Dos Santos, Antonina, Abelló, Pere, Blanco, Edurne, Boné, Alexandra, Guerao, Guillermo, 2014, Larval stages of the deep-sea lobster Polycheles typhlops (Decapoda, Polychelida) identified by DNA analysis: morphology, systematic, distribution and ecology, Helgoland Marine Research, 68, 3, 379-397
doi: 10.1007/s10152-014-0397-0 Résumé [+] [-]A total of 25 specimens of Eryoneicus larvae were collected near the Balearic Archipelago (Western Mediterranean Sea) in 2009 and 2010. Detailed morphological examination indicated that the smallest individual corresponded with the first zoea (ZI) stage of Polycheles typhlops hatched from a berried female by Guerao and Abello (J Nat Hist 30(8):1179–1184, 1996). Only two species of deep-sea polychelid lobster, namely P. typhlops and Stereomastis sculpta, are known to occur in the Mediterranean. Genetic distance comparisons and phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial 16S rDNA and Cox I genes of this early larva together with adults from several Polycheles and Stereomastis species allowed us to assign it to P. typhlops. This is the first wild-caught larval stage of a polychelid lobster being identified using molecular techniques. The remaining specimens were attributed to zoeal stages II–III and decapodid stage based on morphological comparison. The arrangement of spines along the anterior part of the middorsal line (R, 1, 1, 1, 2, C1), characteristic of the former species E. puritanii, discriminates these larvae from other Eryoneicus found in the Mediterranean. The clear presence of epipods on the third maxilliped and pereiopods of the decapodid stage gives further support to the identification of E. puritanii as the larval stages of P. typhlops. Additionally, information on the ecology of these larvae, their abundances during different seasons, as well as their bathymetric distribution is reported.
Anseeuw, Patrick, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utge, José, Bouchet, Philippe, 2015, Perotrochus caledonicus (Gastropoda: Pleurotomariidae) revisited: descriptions of new species from the South-West Pacific, European Journal of Taxonomy, 134, 1-23
Barco, Andrea, Marshall, Bruce A., Houart, Roland, Oliverio, Marco, 2015, Molecular phylogenetics of Haustrinae and Pagodulinae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae) with a focus on New Zealand species, Journal of Molluscan Studies, 81, 4, 476-488
Bitner, Maria Aleksandra, Cohen, Bernard L., 2015, Congruence and conflict: case studies of morphotaxonomy versus rDNA gene tree phylogeny among articulate brachiopods (Brachiopoda: Rhynchonelliformea), with description of a new genus, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 173, 2, 486-504
- Cairns, Stephen D., 2015, Stylasteridae (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa: Anthoathecata) of the New Caledonian Region - Tropica Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 28, 207
Fedosov, Alexander, Puillandre, Nicolas, Kantor, Yuri, Bouchet, Philippe, 2015, Phylogeny and systematics of mitriform gastropods (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Neogastropoda): Phylogeny of Mitriform Gastropods, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 175, 2, 336-359
doi: 10.1111/zoj.12278 Résumé [+] [-]With about 800 Recent species, ‘miters’ are a widely distributed group of tropical and subtropical gastropods that are most diverse in the Indo-West Pacific. They include the two families Mitridae and Costellariidae, similar in shell morphology and traditionally treated as close relatives. Some genera of deep-water Ptychatractidae and Volutomitridae are close to miters in shell morphology, and the term ‘mitriform gastropods’ has been introduced to refer to Mitridae, Costellariidae, and this assortment of convergent forms. The present study aimed at the reconstruction of phylogenetic relationships of mitriform gastropods based on representative taxon sampling. Four genetic markers [cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), 16S and 12S rRNA mitochondrial genes, and H3 (Histone 3) nuclear gene] were sequenced for over 90 species in 20 genera, and the molecular data set was supplemented by studies of radula morphology. Our analysis recovered Mitridae as a monophyletic group, whereas the genus Mitra was found to be polyphyletic. Of 42 mitrid species included in the analysis, 37 formed a well-supported ‘core Mitridae’ consisting of four major clades, three of them consistent with the subfamilies Cylindromitrinae, Imbricariinae, and Mitrinae, and Strigatella paupercula standing out by itself. Basal to the ‘core Mitridae’ are four minor lineages, with the genus Charitodoron recognized as sister group to all other Mitridae. The deepwater family Pyramimitridae shows a sister relationship to the Mitridae, with high support for a Pyramimitridae + Mitridae clade. Our results recover the monophyly of the Costellariidae, which form a wellsupported clade that also includes Ptychatractidae, Columbariinae, and Volutomitridae, but not Mitridae. Most derived and diverse amongst Costellariidae are species of Vexillum, characterized by a bow-shaped, multicuspidate rachidian tooth. Several previously unrecognized deep-water costellariid lineages are revealed. Their members retain some plesiomorphies – in particular a tricuspidate rachidian tooth – that makes them morphologically intermediate between ptychatractids and Vexillum. The taxa of Ptychatractidae included in the analysis are not monophyletic, but form three well-supported, unrelated groupings, corresponding respectively to Ceratoxancus + Latiromitra, Exilia, and Exiliodea. None of them shows an affinity to Pseudolividae.
Herrera, Nathanael D., ter Poorten, Jan Johan, Bieler, Rüdiger, Mikkelsen, Paula M., Strong, Ellen E., Jablonski, David, Steppan, Scott J., 2015, Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography amid shifting continents in the cockles and giant clams (Bivalvia: Cardiidae), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 93, 94-106
doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.07.013 Résumé [+] [-]Reconstructing historical biogeography of the marine realm is complicated by indistinct barriers and, over deeper time scales, a dynamic landscape shaped by plate tectonics. Here we present the most extensive examination of model-based historical biogeography among marine invertebrates to date. We conducted the largest phylogenetic and molecular clock analyses to date for the bivalve family Cardiidae (cockles and giant clams) with three unlinked loci for 110 species representing 37 of the 50 genera. Ancestral ranges were reconstructed using the dispersal–extinction–cladogenesis (DEC) method with a time-stratified paleogeographic model wherein dispersal rates varied with shifting tectonics. Results were compared to previous classifications and the extensive paleontological record. Six of the eight prior subfamily groupings were found to be para- or polyphyletic. Cardiidae originated and subsequently diversified in the tropical Indo-Pacific starting in the Late Triassic. Eastern Atlantic species were mainly derived from the tropical Indo-Mediterranean region via the Tethys Sea. In contrast, the western Atlantic fauna was derived from Indo-Pacific clades. Our phylogenetic results demonstrated greater concordance with geography than did previous phylogenies based on morphology. Time-stratifying the DEC reconstruction improved the fit and was highly consistent with paleo-ocean currents and paleogeography. Lastly, combining molecular phylogenetics with a rich and well-documented fossil record allowed us to test the accuracy and precision of biogeographic range reconstructions.
Macpherson, Enrique, Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, 2015, Species of the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from the Indian and Pacific Oceans, with descriptions of 92 new species, Zootaxa, 3913, 1, 1-335
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3913.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Galathea is one of the most speciose and unwieldy groups in the family Galatheidae. The examination of more than 9000 specimens of 144 species collected in the Indian and Pacific Oceans using morphological and molecular characters, has revealed the existence of 92 new species. The specimens examined during this study were obtained by various French expeditions supplemented by other collections from various sources, and including the type specimens of some previously described species. Most of the new species are distinguished by subtle but constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences of the mitochondrial markers COI and/or 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species and redescribe some previously described species for which earlier accounts are not sufficiently detailed for modern standards. Furthermore we include a dichotomous identification key to all species in the genus from the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Ng, Peter K.L., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2015, Revision of the spider crab genus Maja Lamarck, 1801 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Majoidea: Majidae), with descriptions of seven new genera and 17 new species from the Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 63, 110-225
Résumé [+] [-]The taxonomy of spider crabs of the genus Maja Lamarck, 1801, is revised, and a total of 36 species in 10 genera are now recognised from the eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean and Indo-West Pacific. The present revision describes seven genera and 17 species as new. Two genera previously synonymised under Maja: Paramaya De Haan, 1837, and Paramaja Kubo, 1936, are here treated as valid taxa. The confused nomenclature of Cancer cornutus Linnaeus, 1758, is resolved, and the name replaces Maja capensis Ortmann, 1894, and Mamaia queketti Stebbing, 1908. All genera and species are diagnosed and figured, and keys are provided for their identification.
- O'Hara, Timothy, Harding, Caroline, 2015, Enigmatic ophiuroids from the New Caledonian region, Memoirs of Museum Victoria, 73, 47–57
- Tenerio, Manuel J., 2015, Notes on Profundiconus smirna (Bartsch & Rehder, 1943) with description of a new species: Profundiconus smirnoides sp. nov. (Gastropoda, Conilithidae), Xenophora Taxonomy, 7, 3-15
Chen, Chien-Lin, Goy, Joseph W., Bracken-Grissom, Heather D., Felder, Darryl L., Tsang, Ling Ming, Chan, Tin-Yam, 2016, Phylogeny of Stenopodidea (Crustacea : Decapoda) shrimps inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial genes reveals non-monophyly of the families Spongicolidae and Stenopididae and most of their composite genera, Invertebrate Systematics, 30, 5, 479-490
Fraussen, Koen, Stahlschmidt, Peter, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, The extensive Indo-Pacific deep-water radiation of Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 (Gastropoda: Buccinidae) and related genera, with descriptions of 21 new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 363-456
Résumé [+] [-]The tropical deep-water Cominellinae commonly assigned to the genera Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 and Eosipho Thiele, 1929 are revised. While the taxonomic details at the generic level were discussed by Kantor et al. (2013), the species level is discussed here. Twentyone new species are described: Manaria astrolabis n. sp. (French Polynesia), M. borbonica n. sp. (Réunion), M. circumsonaxa n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. corindoni n. sp. (Indonesia), M. corporosis n. sp. (the Solomons, Vanuatu, Coral Sea and New Caledonia), M. explicibilis n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. excalibur n. sp. (Indonesia and Western Australia), M. fluentisona n. sp. (the Solomons, Fiji, Wallis and Tonga), M. hadorni n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia), M. indomaris n. sp. (India), M. loculosa n. sp. (Fiji), M. lozoueti n. sp. (North Fiji Basin), M. terryni n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), M. tongaensis n. sp. (Tonga), M. tyrotarichoides n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), Calagrassor bacciballus n. sp. (Philippines), C. delicatus n. sp. (New Zealand), C. hespericus n. sp. (Mozambique), C. pidginoides n. sp. (Philippines, Papua New Guinea, the Solomons and Vanuatu), Enigmaticolus marshalli n. sp. (Kermadec Ridge, Monowai Caldera), and E. voluptarius n. sp. (New Caledonia). Considerable range extensions are recorded: Manaria kuroharai Azuma, 1960 is recorded from the Solomons, New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Tonga; M. brevicaudata (Schepman, 1911) is recorded from Taiwan, the Philippines, the Solomons and Fiji; and Calagrassor poppei (Fraussen, 2001) is recorded from Indonesia and the Solomons. Lathyrus jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, a fossil described from Indonesia, is recorded from the Recent fauna of Indonesia, Philippines and Fiji and is redescribed and placed in Manaria. Sipho jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, another fossil described from Indonesia in the same work, is a secondary homonym of Manaria jonkeri (Koperberg, 1931) and is renamed Manaria koperbergae nom. nov.
Galindo, Lee Ann, Puillandre, Nicolas, Utge, José, Lozouet, Pierre, Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, The phylogeny and systematics of the Nassariidae revisited (Gastropoda, Buccinoidea), Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 99, 337-353
- Monsecour, Kevin, Monsecour, David, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, Deep-water Columbellidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from New Caledonia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 291-362
Sumner-Rooney, Lauren, Sigwart, Julia D., McAfee, Jenny, Smith, Lisa, Williams, Suzanne T., 2016, Repeated eye reduction events reveal multiple pathways to degeneration in a family of marine snails, Evolution, 70, 10, 2268-2295
doi: 10.1111/evo.13022 Résumé [+] [-]Eye reduction occurs in many troglobitic, fossorial, and deep-sea animals but there is no clear consensus on its evolutionary mechanism. Given the highly conserved and pleiotropic nature of many genes instrumental to eye development, degeneration might be expected to follow consistent evolutionary trajectories in closely related animals. We tested this in a comparative study of ocular anatomy in solariellid snails from deep and shallow marine habitats using morphological, histological, and tomographic techniques, contextualized phylogenetically. Of 67 species studied, 15 lack retinal pigmentation and at least seven have eyes enveloped by surrounding epithelium. Independent instances of reduction follow numerous different morphological trajectories. We estimate eye loss has evolved at least seven times within Solariellidae, in at least three different ways: characters such as pigmentation loss, obstruction of eye aperture, and “lens” degeneration can occur in any order. In one instance, two morphologically distinct reduction pathways appear within a single genus, Bathymophila. Even amongst closely related animals living at similar depths and presumably with similar selective pressures, the processes leading to eye loss have more evolutionary plasticity than previously realized. Although there is selective pressure driving eye reduction, it is clearly not morphologically or developmentally constrained as has been suggested by previous studies.
Tenorio, Manuel J., Castelin, Magalie, 2016, Genus Profundiconus Kuroda, 1956 (Gastropoda, Conoidea): Morphological and molecular studies, with the description of five new species from the Solomon Islands and New Caledonia, European Journal of Taxonomy, 173, 1-45
doi: 10.5852/ejt.2016.173 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Profundiconus Kuroda, 1956 is reviewed. The morphological characters of the shell, radular tooth and internal anatomy of species in Profundiconus are discussed. In particular, we studied Profundiconus material collected by dredging in deep water during different scientific campaigns carried out in the Solomon Islands, Madagascar, Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia. We reconstructed a phylogeny of 55 individuals based on partial mitochondrial cox1 gene sequences. The phylogeny shows several clades containing individuals that do not match any of the known species of Profundiconus based on their shell and radular morphologies, and are introduced here as five new species: Profundiconus maribelae sp. nov. from the Solomon Islands; P. virginiae sp. nov. from Chesterfield Plateau (New Caledonia); P. barazeri sp. nov. from Chesterfield Plateau and the Grand Passage area (New Caledonia); P. puillandrei sp. nov. from Norfolk Ridge (New Caledonia), Kermadec Ridge (New Zealand) and possibly Balut Island (Philippines); and P. neocaledonicus sp. nov. from New Caledonia. Furthermore, Profundiconus teramachii forma neotorquatus (da Motta, 1984) is raised to specific status as P. neotorquatus (da Motta, 1984).
Tomašových, Adam, Schlögl, Ján, Kaufman, Darrell S., Hudáčková, Natália, 2016, Temporal and bathymetric resolution of nautiloid death assemblages in stratigraphically condensed oozes (New Caledonia), Terra Nova, 28, 4, 271-278
doi: 10.1111/ter.12218 Résumé [+] [-]Cephalopod shells can be affected by postmortem transport and biostratigraphic condensation, but direct estimates of the temporal and spatial resolutions of cephalopod assemblages are missing. Amino acid racemisation calibrated by 14C demonstrates a centennial-scale time averaging (<500 years) of Nautilus macromphalus in sediment-starved, epi- and mesobathyal pelagic environments. The few shells that are thousands of years old are highly degraded. The median occurrence of dead shells is at 445 m depth, close to the 300–400 m depth where living N. macromphalus are most abundant. Therefore, dead shells of this species accumulate at a centennial temporal resolution and with excellent bathymetric fidelity. Dead Nautilus shells exist for only a few hundred years on the seafloor, in contrast to the biostratigraphically condensed mixture of extant foraminifers and foraminifers that went extinct during the Pleistocene. Cephalopod shells that do not show any signs of early diagenetic cementation are unlikely to be biostratigraphically condensed.
- Vilvens, Claude, Williams, Suzanne T., Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, New genus and new species of Solariellidae (Gastropoda: Trochoidea) from New Caledonia, Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and French Polynesia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 267-289
Castelin, Magalie, Williams, Suzanne T., Buge, Barbara, Maestrati, Philippe, Lambourdière, Josie, Ozawa, Tomowo, Utge, José, Couloux, Arnaud, Alf, Axel, Samadi, Sarah, 2017, Untangling species identity in gastropods with polymorphic shells in the genus Bolma Risso, 1826 (Mollusca, Vetigastropoda), European Journal of Taxonomy, 288, 1-21
doi: 10.5852/ejt.2017.288 Résumé [+] [-]In shelled molluscs, assigning valid species names to independent evolutionary lineages can be a difficult task. Most original descriptions are based on empty shells and the high levels of variation in shape, color and pattern in some groups can make the shell a poor proxy for species-level identification. The deep-sea gastropod turbinid genus Bolma is one such example, where species-level identification based on shell characters alone is challenging. Here, we show that in Bolma both traditional and molecular taxonomic treatments are associated with a number of pitfalls that can lead to biased inferences about species diversity. Challenges derive from the few phylogenetically informative characters of shells, insufficient information provided in original descriptions and sampling artefacts, which at the molecular level in spatially fragmented organisms can blur distinctions between genetically divergent populations and separate species. Based on a comprehensive dataset combining molecular, morphological and distributional data, this study identified several cases of shell-morphological plasticity and convergence. Results also suggest that what was thought to be a set of distinct, range-restricted species corresponds instead to a smaller number of more widespread species. Overall, using an appropriate sampling design, including type localities, allowed us to assign available names to evolutionarily significant units.
- Cecalupo, Alberto, Perugia, Ivan, 2017, Cerithiopsidae and Newtoniellidae (Gastropoda: Triphoroidea) from New Caledonia, Western Pacific, Visaya, Suppl. 7, 1-175
- Chan, Benny K.K., Corbari, Laure, Rodriguez Moreno, Paula A., Tsang, Ling Ming, 2017, Molecular phylogeny of the lower acorn barnacle families (Bathylasmatidae, Chionelasmatidae, Pachylasmatidae and Waikalasmatidae)(Cirripedia: Balanomorpha) with evidence for revisions in family classification, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 180, 542-555
Fedesov, Alexander E., Puillandre, Nicolas, Herrmann, Manfred, Dgebuadze, Polina, Bouchet, Philippe, 2017, Phylogeny, systematics, and evolution of the family Costellariidae (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 179, 3, 541-626
doi: 10.1111/zoj.12431 Résumé [+] [-]The neogastropod family Costellariidae is a large and successful group of carnivorous marine mollusks that encompasses about 475 living species. Costellariids are most diverse in the tropical Indo-Pacific at a depth interval of 0–200 m, where they are largely represented by numerous species commonly assigned to the genus Vexillum. The present work expands the taxon sampling of a previous phylogeny of the mitriform gastropods to resolve earlier problematic relationships, and thus establish a robust framework of the family, revise its taxonomy, and uncover major trends in the evolution of costellariid morphology. A multicuspidate rachidian is shown to have appeared at least twice in the evolutionary history of the family: it is regarded as an apomorphy of the primarily Indo-Pacific Vexillum–Austromitra–Atlantilux lineage, and has evolved independently in the Nodicostellaria–Mitromica lineage of the western hemisphere. The genera Ceratoxancus and Latiromitra are transferred from the Ptychatractidae to the Costellariidae. Tosapusia, Protoelongata, and Pusia are ranked as full genera, the latter with the three subgenera Pusia, Ebenomitra, and Vexillena. Vexillum (Costellaria) and Zierliana are treated as synonyms of Vexillum. The replacement name Suluspira is proposed for Visaya Poppe, Guillot de Suduiraut & Tagaro, 2006, non Ahyong, 2004 (Crustacea). We introduce four new genera, Alisimitra, Costapex, Turriplicifer, and Orphanopusia, and characterize their anatomy; 14 new species, mostly from deep water in the Indo-Pacific, are described in the genera Tosapusia, Alisimitra, Costapex, and Pusia. At least two species of Costapex gen. nov. have been collected from sunken wood.
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX -J. New Triviidaefrom the Solomones, Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 65-94
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX-G. New Triviidae from Tonga Islands, Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 5-30
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX-K. New Triviidae from the Vanuatu, Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 95-124
- Fehse, Dirk, 2017, Contributions to the knowledge of the Triviidae, XXIX-M. New Triviidae from the New Caledonia and Comments on Dolin's (2001) 'Les Triviidae de l'Indo-Pacifique', Visaya, Suppl. VIII, 150-239
Mah, Christopher L., 2017, Overview of the Ferdina-like Goniasteridae (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) including a new subfamily, three new genera and fourteen new species, Zootaxa, 4271, 1, 1-72
- Oliver, Joan Daniel, Rolán, Emilio, 2017, A new species of the genus Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) from the Cape Verde archipelago - Una nueva especie del género Benthonellania (Gastropoda, Rissooidea) del archipiélago de Cabo Verde, Iberus, 35, 1, 47-57
Puillandre, Nicolas, Tenorio, Manuel J., 2017, A question of rank: DNA sequences and radula characters reveal a new genus of cone snails (Gastropoda: Conidae), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 83, 2, 200-210
- Vilvens, Claude, 2017, New species and new records of Chilodontidae (Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda: Seguenzioidea) from the Pacific Ocean, Novapex, 18, HS 11, 1-67
Fedosov, Alexander, Puillandre, Nicolas, Herrmann, Manfred, Kantor, Yuri, Oliverio, Marco, Dgebuadze, Polina, Modica, Maria Vittoria, Bouchet, Philippe, 2018, The collapse of Mitra: molecular systematics and morphology of the Mitridae (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda), Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 20, 1-85
Kantor, Yuri I., Fedosov, Alexander E., Snyder, Martin Avery, Bouchet, Philippe, 2018, Pseudolatirus Bellardi, 1884 revisited, with the description of two new genera and five new species (Neogastropoda: Fasciolariidae), European Journal of Taxonomy, 433, 1-57
doi: 10.5852/ejt.2018.433 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Pseudolatirus Bellardi, 1884, with the Miocene type species Fusus bilineatus Hörnes, 1853, has been used for 13 Miocene to Early Pleistocene fossil species and eight Recent species and has traditionally been placed in the fasciolariid subfamily Peristerniinae Tryon, 1880. Although the fossil species are apparently peristerniines, the Recent species were in their majority suspected to be most closely related to Granulifusus Kuroda & Habe, 1954 in the subfamily Fusininae Wrigley, 1927. Their close affinity was confirmed by the molecular phylogenetic analysis of Couto et al. (2016). In the molecular phylogenetic section we present a more detailed analysis of the relationships of 10 Recent Pseudolatirus-like species, erect two new fusinine genera, Okutanius gen. nov. (type species Fusolatirus kuroseanus Okutani, 1975) and Vermeijius gen. nov. (type species Pseudolatirus pallidus Kuroda & Habe, 1961). Five species are described as new for science, three of them are based on sequenced specimens (Granulifusus annae sp. nov., G. norfolkensis sp. nov., Okutanius ellenae gen. et sp. nov.) and two (G. tatianae sp. nov., G. guidoi sp. nov.) are attributed to Granulifusus on the basis of conchological similarities to sequenced species. New data on radular morphology is presented for examined species.
Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2018, A rare and unusual new bittiine genus with two new species from the South Pacific (Cerithiidae, Gastropoda), ZooKeys, 758, 1-18
doi: 10.3897/zookeys.758.25100 Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Limatium gen. n., and two new species, L. pagodula sp. n. and L. aureum sp. n. are described, found on outer slopes of barrier reefs and fringing reefs in the South Pacific. They are rare for cerithiids, which typically occur in large populations. The two new species are represented by 108 specimens sampled over a period of 30 years, only 16 of which were collected alive. Three subadults from the Philippines and Vanuatu likely represent a third species. In addition to their rarity, Limatium species are atypical for cerithiids in their smooth, polished, honey to golden brown shells with distinctive white fascioles extending suture to suture. The radula presents a unique morphology that does not readily suggest an affinity to any of the cerithiid subfamilies. Two live-collected specimens, one of each species and designated as holotypes, were preserved in 95% ethanol and sequenced. Bayesian analysis of partial COI and 16S rDNA sequences demonstrates a placement in the Bittiinae, further extending our morphological concept of the subfamily.
Liste des documents
- Dossier(s) de campagne
- Accès restreint (2)
- Google Earth
- Stations EBISCO Google Earth
- Rapport(s) de mission
- Découverte d'une espèce de crustacé "fossile vivant" en Mer du Corail
- Fiche de valorisation 2009
- Rapport de campagne
- Accès restreint (1)
Liste des photos
|Collecte : 80 photos||Organisme : 172 photos||Substrat : 5 photos||Détritus : 1 photo||Sur le pont : 3 photos|
Liste des participants
- Boisselier, Marie-Catherine (Systématique moléculaire, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
- Collecte - Tri
- Bouchet, Philippe (Malacologiste, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle)
- Collecte - Tri
- Lai, Joelle (Carcinologue, National University of Singapore)
- Collecte - Tri
- Lozouet, Pierre (Malacologiste, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle)
- Collecte - Tri
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand (Carcinologie - Benthologie, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)
- Chef de mission
- Warén, Anders (Malacologiste, Swedish Museum of Natural History)
- Collecte - Tri