Date et lieu de départWed Oct 29 00:00:00 CET 1980
Date et lieu d'arrivéeWed Nov 12 00:00:00 CET 1980
Travaux effectués :
Kaas, Pieter, 1982, Leptochiton species (Polyplacophora: Leptochitonidae) of the Musorstom 1 (1976) and 2 (1980) Philippines expeditions, Basteria, 46, 5-6, 87-92
Résumé [+] [-]The Polyplacophora procured by the Musorstom I-Philippines, 1976, Expedition were treated by the late Dr. Eugene Leloup (Leloup, 198Ia). Only members of the genus Leptochiton Gray, 1847, were found, of which five species, all new to science, were described and illustrated. Since Leloup's deeply lamented sudden death on July 31, 1981, more chiton specimens of the Musorstom I Expedition, as well as many samples of the Musorstom 2 Expedition, were sorted out and kindly entrusted to me by Dr. Philippe Bouchet (Paris), who participated in the 1980 Expedition. At the same time the types of Leloup's new species were sent to me on loan. The results of a thorough study of this material are given here. The Polyplacophora procured by the Musorstom I-Philippines, 1976, Expedition were treated by the late Dr. Eugene Leloup (Leloup, 198Ia). Only members of the genus Leptochiton Gray, 1847, were found, of which five species, all new to science, were described and illustrated. Since Leloup's deeply lamented sudden death on July 31, 1981, more chiton specimens of the Musorstom I Expedition, as well as many samples of the Musorstom 2 Expedition, were sorted out and kindly entrusted to me by Dr. Philippe Bouchet (Paris), who participated in the 1980 Expedition. At the same time the types of Leloup's new species were sent to me on loan. The results of a thorough study of this material are given here.
Bouchet, Philippe, Métivier, Bernard, 1983, The genus Bolma (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in the Bathyal Zone of New Caledonia, with description of a new species, Venus, 42, 1, 8-12
Résumé [+] [-]In the course of deep-water dredgings in 1978-79 in southern New Caledonia, many molluscs of considerable interest have been discovered and are now being described in various papers. We here report on the turbinid genus Bolma of which three species were taken at depths between 200 and 500 m.
Bouchet, Philippe, Warén, Anders, Forest, Jacques, 1985, Mollusca Gastropoda : Taxonomical notes on tropical deep water Buccinidae white descriptions of new taxa, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM I et II. Philippines (1976,1980), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 2, 133, 457-514
Résumé [+] [-]This paper presents the results from examination and determination of tropical species of Buccinidae from deep water, collected by several expeditions, mainly in the Indo-Pacific area. The material comprises 14 genera and the following new taxa are described : Calliloconcha knudseni (Kermadec Trench, 5480 m), Costaha crosnieri ( S W Indian Ocean, 1740 - 3760 m), Eosipho coriolis (Philippines, 880 m), Eosipho engonia ( SW Indian Ocean, 600 - 1 125 m), Eosipho thorybopus (Mozambique Channel, 400 - 500 m), Kapala bathybius (SE Atlantic, 3550 m), Manaria clandestina (SE Asia, 440-1 490 m), Manaria makassarensis ( S E Asia, 490 - 875 m), Manaria formosa (Mozambique Channel, 400 - 500 m). For the preparation of this paper we have examined material and/or types of almost all previously described deep sea species of tropical buccinids and these are figured and commented on. An appendix lists all Neogene and Recent supraspecific names of Buccinidae proposed after the publication of WENZ' " Handbuch der Palaozoologie " ( 1941 - 43 ).
Bruce, Alexander J., 1985, Periclimenes dentidactylus, a new deep water pontoniine shrimp from Makassar Strait, Indonesia, Marine Research in Indonesia, 24, 7-17
Résumé [+] [-]A new species of pontoniine shrimp, Periclimenes dentidactylus is described and illustrated. The single specimen was collected from Makassar Strait from over 590 m, a depth exceeded by only two other species of the genus. P. dentidactylus is closely related to P. hertwigi Balss, and is probably also an echinoid associate.
Crosnier, Alain, Forest, Jacques, 1985, Crustacés Décapodes : Penaeidae. Les espèces indo-ouest-pacifiques du genre Parapenaeus, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM I et II. Philippines (1976,1980), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 2, 133, 303-354
Résumé [+] [-]The numerous samples collected during the MUSORSTOM I and II expeditions, to which were added those of the Albatross made in 1908 and 1909 in the Philippines, those of the Vauban made from 1970 to 1974 in Madagascar, as well as various others, have permitted a revision of the genus Parapenaeus in the Indo-West Pacific. Ten species, of which two new ones, P. fissuroides and P. perezfarfantae ; two sub-species, both new, P. fissuroides indicus and P. fissuroides erythraeus, are thus recognized. Moreover, two forms are named. An identification key of species, sub-species and forms, as well as drawings of each one of them are published.
Crosnier, Alain, 1985, Penaeoid shrimps (Benthesicymidae, Aristeidae, Solenoceridae, Sicyoniidae) collected in Indonesia during the Corindon II and IV Expeditions, Marine Research in Indonesia, 24, 19-47
Résumé [+] [-]During the CORINDON II and IV expeditions, the former in the Makassar Strait and the latter in Piru Bay and Ambon Bay, Molluccas, 47 species of penaeoid shrimps were collected. They include 2 species belonging to the Benthesicymidae, 5 to the Aristeidae, 19 to the Solenoceridae, 2 to the Sicyoniidae and 19 to the Penaeidae. The twenty eight species of the first four families are considered in this study; the Penaeidae will be presented in a separate publication. Most of the species treated in this work occur in deep water, with only a few samples taken in shallow water. Two species Cryptopenaeus clevai and Solenocera moosai are new ; eight others have not been recorded previously in the waters of Indonesia. Several specimens of Solenrocera annectens (Wood Mason, 1891) have been collected; this species has not been reported since its description and additional figures, particularly of genitalia, are included in this paper. One species of the genus Pseudarktew and one of the genus Solenocem both probably new, are recorded but not named as only a single specimen of each was collected. In addition to the description of Soleizoeera moosai, the original drawings of two closely related, but little known species, S. fuxoni De Man, 1907 and S. spiiiajugo Hall, 1961, are published. The bibliography is restricted to literature on Indonesian material. For each species, one or two references, each with comprehensive bibliographies, are provided. For station lists and expedition details, see Moosa.
Fourmanoir, Pierre, 1985, Fish collected during the Corindon II and IV expeditions, Marine Research in Indonesia, 24, 89-103
Résumé [+] [-]The check list of the fish collected during the CORINDON expedition (COR. II : 20 sampling stations in the Makassar Strait; COR. IV: 7 stations in Piru and Ambon Bay in the Moluccas)) is composed out of 110 species. Most of them are coming from depths between 250 m and 600 m; a dozen of species were found at a 1000 m.
Goeke, Gary D., Forest, Jacques, 1985, Decapod Crustacea: Raninidae, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM I et II. Philippines (1976,1980), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 2, 133, 205-228
Résumé [+] [-]Nine species of frog crabs of the family Raninidae were collected during the 1976 and 1980 MUSORSTOM cruises to the Philippines and the 1980 CORINDON II cruise in Makassar Strait. A proposed new genus, Lysirude (containing 3 species) is described and separated from the closely related genus Lyreidus. Five species (Raninoides hendersoni, R. personatus, Lyreidus tridentatus, L. stenops and Lysirude channeri) are represented by numerous specimens with far fewer specimens of Cosmonotus grayi, Notopoides latus, Lyreidus brevifrons and Lysirude griffini sp. nov. present.
Guinot, Daniele, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1985, REVISION OF THE INDO-PACIFIC SPHENOCARCINUS WITH A SINGLE ROSTRUM AND DESCRIPTION OF TWO NEW SPECIES (CRUSTACEA, DECAPODA, BRACHYURA, MAJIDAE), Marine Research in Indonesia, 24, 49-71
Résumé [+] [-]Two species of the genus Sphenocarcinus A. Milne Edwards 1875, with a single rostrum exist in the Indo-Pacific and they are principally only known by. their original description: S. cuneus (Wood Mason 1891) and S. atworm Alcock 1899. Each species is herewith redescribed, based on the examination of the types: TWO new species are established. S. difficils sp. nov., represented by numerous specimens from Madagascar (ORSTOM collection), proved to be an intermediate species between S. G U ~ ~ ZaLnSd S. aurorw. S. pinocChio sp. nov., collected in the Makassar Strait, Indonesia (mission Corindon II), is characterized by its very long and strongly curved rostruni. One nmale specimen, also collected in the Makassar Strait, probably modified by a sacculinid parasite, and with a more curved, snub rostrum, can be regarded as an unusual form of S. pinocchio sp. nov. A key of the four Indo!Pacific Sphenocarcinus with a single rostruni is presented.
Guinot, Danièle, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Forest, Jacques, 1985, Crustacés Décapodes : Majidae (genres Platymaia, Cyrtomaia, Pleistacantha, Sphenocarcinus et Naxioides), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM I et II. Philippines (1976,1980), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 2, 133, 83-178
Résumé [+] [-]The deep-sea Brachyura Majidae collected during the MUSORSTOM I and II cruises in the Philippines, completed by several other indo-pacific collections, are studied here : genera Platymaia, Cyrtomaia, Pleistacantha, Sphenocarcinus and Naxioides. A key is given for the genera Platymaia and Sphenocarcinus. Four new species are described : Platymaia rebierei, from New Hebrida ; Sphenocarcinus stuckiae and S. orbiculatus, both from New Caledonia, and S. bipartitus from Philippines.
Houart, Roland, Forest, Jacques, 1985, Mollusca Gastropoda: Noteworthy Muricidae from the Pacific Ocean, with description of seven new species, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM I et II. Philippines (1976,1980), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 2, 133, 427-455
Résumé [+] [-]This paper reports on Muricidae originating mostly from the continental slopes of South-East Asia, New Caledonia and S. French Polynesia. The genus Daphnellopsis Schepman, 1913 and Latiaxis sibogae Schepman, 1911 are transferred respectively from the Turridae and from the Coralliophilidae to the Muricidae ; Pterynotus cerinamarumai Kosuge, 1980 is synonymized with Chicoreus orchidiflorus (Shikama, 1973) and Siratus hirasei Shikama, 1973 with Chicoreus (Siratus) pliciferoides Kuroda, 1942. The following new species are described : Poirieria (Paziella) vaubanensis, Poirieria (Paziella) acerapex and Poirieria (Paziella) spinacutus (all from New Caledonia, 250-550 m), Trophon (Trophonopsis) minirotundus (New Caledonia, 250-350 m), Nipponotrophon regina (Philippines, 680-970 m), Typhis (Typhina) virginiae and Siphonochelus (Laevityphis) tillierae (New Caledonia, 250-430 m).
Houart R., 1985, Nipponotrophon makassarensis, a new recently dredged Muricidae species of strange generic affinities (Gastropoda: Muricidae)., Marine Research in Indonesia, 24, 1985, 83-87
Résumé [+] [-]A murieid, dredged by the French-Indonesian "CORINDON" expedition (1980) in the Strait of Makassar was recently brought to my attention. After carefully checking in the literatures, it appears to be new, but one problem was remaining unresolved: its classification in an appropriate genus. The most important points or indicators for a subfamilial or generic placement for Muricidae are: the general outline of the shell, the oper-culum and radular characteristics. The shell of Nipponotrophon makassarensis shows some affinities with the ocinebrine subgenus Ocinebrellus Jousseaume 1880 (Type sp. By O.D. Murex eurypteron Reeve 1845). General form, length, winged varices…….Unfortunately, the open canal, the typical muricine operculum and' the radula lead me to consider this genus and subfamily as not valid for the new species. The shell shows also some affinities with the genus Pterynotus Swainson 1833 (Type sp. By S.D.: Murex pinnatus Swainson 1822). However, the Pterynotus species bears always 3 varices (except for some species, questionably put in that genus, a.o. Pt. Martinetana (Roding 1798) but those have a typical dentate aperture and no winged varices), which leads us once more far away from the new species. Another possible genus might be the trophonine Trophon Montfort, 1810 (Type sp. By O.D.: Trophon magellanicus Gmelin 1791). This seemed to be the best location for our species but the operculum and the winged varices are not typical for Trophon, species.
- Kaas, Piet, 1985, NOTES ON LORICATA (MOLLUSCA) 11-14, Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden), 59, 25, 299-320
Moosa, Mohammad Kasim, 1985, Report on the Corindon cruises, Marine Research in Indonesia, 24, 1-6
Résumé [+] [-]The corindon cruises were the first realization of the Cooperation on Oceanology between the governments of France and Indonesia. The name Corindon is derived from the name of French vessel "CORIOLIS" and Indonesia to signify that the vessel was participating in :marine research activities in Indonesian waters.
- Moosa, Mohammad Kasim, Cleva, Régis, 1985, Stomatopod Crustacea collected by the mission CORINDON II in the Makassar strait, Indonesia, Marine Research in Indonesia, 24, 73-82
Noël, Pierre, Forest, Jacques, 1985, Crustacés Décapodes : Processidae de l'Indo-Ouest-Pacifique, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM I et II. Philippines (1976,1980), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 2, 133, 261-302
Résumé [+] [-]Species of Processidae collected from MUSORSTOM I (1976) and II (1980) cruises are studied. Observations from other Indopacific material are added, particularly from Madagascar region and India. Five new species are described : Nikoides longicarpus, Processa crosnieri, Processa foresti, Processa indica and Processa philippinensis. Processa barnardi is considered as synonym of Processa compacta. The other species mentioned are Nikoides danae, N. sibogae, Processa austroafricana, P. japónica and P. sulcata.
Beu, Alan, 1986, Taxonomy of gastropods of the families Ranellidae (= Cymatiidae) and Bursidae. Part 2. Descriptions of 14 new modern Indo-West Pacific species and subspecies, with revisions of related taxa, New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 13, 273-355
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014223.1986.10422668 Résumé [+] [-]The subgenus Cymatium (Septa) is here restricted to species closely related to C. rubeculum (Linne, 1758). A lectotype is designated for C. rubeculum, neotypes are designated for C. hepaticum (Röding, 1798) and C. flaveolum (Röding, 1798), C. occidentale (Morch, 1877) (= blacketi Iredale, 1936; = beui Garcia-Talavera, 1985) is recorded from the Indo West Pacific, C. (Septa) marerubrum Garcia-Talavera, 1985 is ranked as a geographic subspecies of C. rubeculum, and three new taxa are named: C. (Septa) bibbeyi n. sp., Philippine Islands; C. (Septa) closeli n. sp., Indian Ocean; and C. (Septa) peasei n. sp., western Pacific. In the subgenus Cymatium (Ranularia), neotypes are designated for C. gutturnium (ROding, 1798) and its synonyms, for C. moniliferum (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850), and for C. pyrulum (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850), a lectotype is designated for C. pseudopyrum (Martin, 1899) (a junior synonym of C. pyrulum), other species distinguished are C. encausticum (Reeve, 1844) and C. exile (Reeve, 1844). And new taxa named are C. andamanense n. sp., Andaman Islands, C. springsteeni n. sp., western Pacific and Red Sea, and C. sinense arthuri n. subsp., Red Sea. Other Ranellidae named are Sassia (Sassia) ponderi n. sp., Queensland, and Distorsio (Distorsio) euconstricta n. sp., Indian Ocean and southwest Pacific. A lectotype selected for Murex reticularis Linne, 1758 is a specimen of the species usually known as Distorsio reticulata (Röding, 1798). In Bursa (Bursa), a lectotype is designated for B. grayana Dunker, 1862 (= B. bujoniopsis Maury, 1917; = B. pacamoni Matthews & Coelho, 1971), western Atlantic, and the similar new Oman to Philippines species B. davidboschi is named. Other Bursa taxa named are B. (Colubrellina) quirihorai n. sp., Philippines, and B. (Colubrellina) latitudo fosteri n. subsp., Philippines. In Bufonaria (Bufonaria), a lectotype designated for Murex rana Linne, 1758 confirms that as the name for the most common western Pacific species, a lectotype designated for Ranella crumena Lamarck, 1816 confirms that as the name for the most common Indian Ocean species, B. elegans (Beck in G. B. Sowerby II, 1836) is illustrated, and the new western Pacific species B. perelegans is named; the four similar species B. nobilis (Reeve, 1844), B. margaritula (Deshayes, 1832), B. gnorima (Melville, 1918), and B. thersites (Redfield, 1846) are distinguished, and the new Madagascar to Philippines species B. ignobilis is named. In Tutufa (Tutufella), the newly named species T. boholica occurs with T. rubeta (Linne, 1758) in deep water in the Philippine Islands.
Guinot, Danièle, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1986, Découverte d'une nouvelle espèce de Sphenocurcinus en Nouvelle-Calédonie, S. mummatus sp.nov. (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Indo-Malayan Zoology, 3, 27-37
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Sphenocarciilus A.Milne Edwards, known by 16 Indo- Pacific species with a rostrum which is either single (four species) or double (12 species), is widened by the discovery of a new species with a bifurcated rostrum, collected between 300-460 m, by the 'Vauban', in the north of New Caledonia, i,e. Splenocarcinus fnamrnatus sp.nov. Two other species of that genus, S.orbiculatus Guinot & Richer de Forges and S.stuckiae Guinot & Richer de Forges, had been previously recorded in the same area, near the island of Pines (south of New Caledonia).
Harasewych, Myroslaw G., 1986, The Columbariinae (Gastropoda: Turbinellidae) of the eastern Indian Ocean, Journal of the Malacological Society of Australia, 7, 3-4, 155-170
Résumé [+] [-]The occurrence of the subfamily Columbariinae in the eastern Indian Ocean is documented for the first time. Of the 5 species recognized, one, Coluzea distephanotis, new combination, has been previously described from the Torres Strait. Additional material suggests that this type locality is erroneous. Four new species, Coluzea aapta, C. icarus, C. liriope and C. gomphos are described. The eastern Indian Ocean species appear to be more closely related to their congeners from off southern and eastern Africa than to those from off New Zealand, suggesting post-Eocene vicariance of at least some elements of the psychrospheric faunas of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Crosnier, Alain, 1987, Les espèces indo-ouest-pacifiques d'eau profonde du genre Metapenaeopsis (Crustacea Decapoda Penaeidae), Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 9, 2, 409-453
Résumé [+] [-]The numerous samples collected during the MUSORSTOM I, II and III expéditions in the Philippines to which were added those of the CORINDON II and IV expéditions in Indonesia, those of the « Vauban » made from 1970 to 1974 around Madagascar, as well as various others, particularly collected in the Red Sea, Australia and New Caledonia, have permitted a reexamination of the Indo- West-Pacific deep-sea Metapenaeopsis. Ten species, of which three, M. liui, M. angusta and M. erythraea, are new, and one subspecies, M. provocatoria longirostris, also new, are recognized. A key to the species and subspecies, as well as illustrations of each are included.
Forest, Jacques, 1987, Ethology and Distribution of Pylochelidae (crustacea Decapoda Coenobitoidea), Bulletin of Marine Science, 41, 2, 309-321
Résumé [+] [-]The Pylochelidae differ from the other hermit crabs by the complete segmentation of the abdomen and the presence of paired appendages on each of its segments. They do not usually inhabit gastropod shells, but dwell in decayed pieces of wood, stones, tusk-shells, or living sponges. A recent revision, founded on most of the previously recorded specimens and on a large unidentified collection, increased the number of known species from 16 to 39, and the genera from 5 to 7. Two new subgenera have been established, and the family divided into six subfamilies. This paper deals first with the eco-ethological characteristics of the different taxa. According to their dwelling, genera and subgenera can be classified, as a whole, as xylicolous, petricolous, tusk-dwellers, spongicolous, with a few specifical or individual exceptions. In connection with the habitat, adaptive features have been described: opercular structures, boring "rasp," stridulating apparatus ... The Pylochelidae are present in the Indo- West Pacific (36 species or subspecies in 6 genera), and in the NW Atlantic (4 species in 3 genera). Two genera only, belonging to the sole non monotypic subfamily, provide a biogeographical link between the two areas. In I-W.P., the family is known from the SW Indian Ocean to Japan, Kermadec Islands and New Zealand. Indonesia, with 14 species and 5 genera appears as a center of dispersion and diversification. Japanese endemism is noteworthy: one genus and six of the seven species have not been reported elsewhere. The probable relation between the availability of dwelling material and the geographical distribution is also discussed. The vertical distribution extends from 30 to 1,570 m, but the group is mostly represented between 200 and 500 m, where 28 species are living.
Forest, Jacques, 1987, Les Pylochelidae ou "Pagures symétriques" (Crustacea Coenobitoidea), Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Editions du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 3, 137
Résumé [+] [-]The family Pylochelidae or « symetrical pagurids » (Crustacea Coenobitoidea). Pylochelid Pagurids differ mostly from all other members of the section by a well developped abdomen, in which ail segments are articulated and provided with a pair of appendages, similar in this way to many other Reptant Decapods. They are commonly called " symmetrical " Pagurids, but this is not correct, since in one genus the abdomen, telson and pleopods are noticeably asymmetrical. Our knowledge of the group was restricted to 16 species, recorded from a few rather deep water stations in Indo-West-Pacific and Western Atlantic, most of them known only from their type localities. The abundance of new material, originating mainly from Albatross dredgings and from recent French explorations in the I.W.P. has led to the present systematic revision. As a resuit, 24 new species or subspecies are added to the 16 previously established valid species ; the five known genera, Pomatocheles, Pylocheles, Mixtopagurus, Cheiroplatea, and Parapylocheles, have been redefined, some species of Cheiroplatea transfered to Pylocheles and the latter divided into three subgenera (Pylocheles, Xylocheles subgen. Nov. And Bathycheles subgen. Nov.). Besides, two genera, Cancellocheles gen. Nov. And Trizocheles gen. Nov. Are created. The Pylochelidae could be considered up to now as a restricted family of infrequent species : apart from 3 forms reported in several occasions from Japanese waters, the whole number of specimens recorded in literature did not exceed 60, captured in about 30 stations. The present revision includes more than 400 specimens, collected in ca. 200 stations ! The importance of Pylochelid fauna in tropical and subtropical waters must therefore not be neglected, and, most probably, new taxa and new localities will be added in the future. This research however has not been restricted to the description of new forms. Investigations on relationships between the various généra have shown that the whole group is made up of several distinct phyletic lines, whose respective affinities do not appear clearly, and the family had to be divided, at least provisionnaly, into 6 subfamilies. Regarding the systematic position of the Pylochelidae within the section Paguridea, they are classified in the superfamily Coenobitoidea, and a comparative study of their main characters suggests that they are close to the family Diogenidae. They cannot however be regarded as primitive représentatives of that family : both Diogenidae and Pylochelidae probably have a common ancestor, but evolved separately along various phyletic lines. In the taxonomic part of this work is also described and illustrated for the first time the glaucothoe stage of a Pylochelid, Pomatocheles stridulans sp. Nov. The richness of the new material at the origin of the systematic revision of the family has also provided a quantity of information on the ecology or the habitat of many forms, and on the interprétation of various adaptive morphological structures. According to their dwelling, généra and subgenera can be classified, as a whole, as xylicolous, petricolous, tusk-dwellers, spongicolous, with a few specific or individual exceptions. In connection with the habitat, adaptive features have been described : opercular structures, boring "rasp", stridulating apparatus... The Pylochelidae are known from two disjunct areas, the Indo West-Pacific (36 species or subspecies in 6 genera and 5 subfamilies) and the North Western Atlantic (4 species in 3 généra and 2 subfamilies). In Indo- West Pacific, their distribution is extremely wide, from South Africa to the Kermadec Islands, and from Japan (ca. 38° N) to southern New Zealand (ca. 46° S). Indonesia, with 14 species and 5 généra appears as the center of dispersion and diversification. Japanese endemism is noteworthy : one genera and 6 out of the 7 species have not been reported elsewhere. In North Western Atlantic Pylochelidae, poorly represented, extend from Bardados to the North Western part of the Gulf of Mexico and from ca. 10° N to 35° N. Two genera only, belonging to the sole non monotypic subfamily (Pylochelinae) provide a biogeographical link, probably from Tethyan origin, between the two areas. The probable relation between the availability of dwelling material and the geographical distribution is also discussed. The vertical distribution extends from 30 to 1,570 meters, but the group is mostly represented between 200 and 500 m, where 28 species have been found. 3 species only are presumably usually living above 200 m, 9 have been recorded from 500 to 750 m and no more than 5 beyond.
McLean, James Hamilton, Quinn, James F. Jr, 1987, Cataegis, New Genus of Three New Species from the Continental Slope (Trochidae: Cataeginae New Subfamily), The Nautilus, 101, 3, 111-116
Résumé [+] [-]Cataegis new genus, type species C. toreuta new species, is proposed to include three new species from continental slope depths (200-2000 m): the type species and C. meroglypta from the Gulf of Mexico to Colombia, and C. celebesensis from Makassar Strait, Indonesia. Important shell characters are the prominent spiral cords, non-umbilicate base, and oblique aperture. The radula is unique among the Trochidae in lacking the rachidian, having the first pair of laterals fused and uncusped, and the first marginals enlarged. The gill is the advanced trochid type with well-developed afferent membrane. These characters do not correspond to an available subfamily; the new subfamily Cataeginae is therefore proposed.
Crosnier, Alain, 1988, Sur les Heterocarpus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Pandalidae) du sud-ouest de l’océan Indien. Remarques sur d’autres espèces ouest-pacifiques du genre et description de quatre taxa nouveaux, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 10, 1, 57-103
Résumé [+] [-]Samples collected around Madagascar and La Réunion, which included seven species of the genus Heierocarpus, led to the re-examination of all the Heterocarpus (nine species) reported previously from the region. A new species, H. calmani, which had been confounded until now with H. woodmasoni Alcock, 1901, is described. The occurrence of H. lepidus de Man, 1917, of which the specimens collected in the region had been identified wrongly as H. fricarinatus Alcock and Anderson, 1894, is proved. The re-examination of the type of H. unicarinaius Borradaile, 1915, only known specimen of this species, permits the completion of its description, but makes one wonder if this species really belongs to the genus Heterocarpus. Comparisons between specimens from Madagascar and La Réunion and specimens from the West-Pacific and from the Atlantic permit the consideration of variations associated with geographical areas and depths of sampling for H. dorsalis Bate, 1888, H. ensifer A. Milne Edwards, 1881, H. laevigaius Bate, 1888, H. lepidus de Man, 1917, and H. sibogae de Man, 1917. These comparisons also allow better definition of the features separating H. lepidus from H. gibbosus Bate, 1888, and H. iricarinatus. A careful examination of the (( ensifer )) complex permits the description of two new species, H. aniacula and H. huyasliii, and the elevation to specific rank of H. parvispina, considered, until now, to be a subspecies of H. ensifer. On the other hand, H. tricarinaius is split into two subspecies, H. tricarinaius iricarinaius, found in the Indian Ocean, and H. [ricarinatus angustus subsp. Nov., found in the West-Pacific. A key is offered for their dentification of the 25 recognized species and subspecies of the genus. Moreover, attention is drawn to the interest often presented by the coloration in the species of this genus.
Bourseau, JEAN-PAUL, Roux, MICHEL, Forest, Jacques, 1989, Echinodermes : Crinoïdes Pentacrinidae (MUSORSTOM 2 & CORINDON 2), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4, 143, 113-201
Résumé [+] [-]Echinodermata : Pentacrinidae crinoids procured by the MUSORSTOM 2 and CORINDON 2 expeditions. During MUSORSTOM 2 and CORINDON 2 expeditions (West Philippines for the former, Makassar channel for the latter) many stalked crinoids of the family Pentacrinidae were sampled. They are more diversified and comparatively more abundant than the fauna which was collected during the MUSORSTOM 1 expedition. The samplings come from depths between 170 and 970 meters. Four genera are represented : Diplocrinus, Hypalocrinus, Metacrinus and Saracrinus. Detailed descriptions of the ten following species are given : D. alternicirrus, D. sibogae, H. naresianus, M. interruptus, M. musorstomae, M. nodosus, M. serratus, M. wyvillii, S. angulatus and S. superbus. For each specimen, data on morphological features, biometry, arm branching and ossicle articulations are given. Stalk and arm joints were observed under, scanning electron microscope, especially stem synostosis with regard to their importance for taxonorny. Sometimes, some peculiar growth patterns appear to be a consequence of fast regeneration. Such features are illustrated by the proximal part of the stalk of a few specimens belonging to S. angulatus and M. wyvillii. As numerous individuals of each species were collected, it was possible to study the variation of crown and stem characters. The morphological features and their variability seem to be depth related. The bathymetrical distribution of Pentacrinidae in the Western Pacific province is examined and discussed. Intraspecific polymorphism with regard to external stem morphology and arm organization is suggested for a few species of this biogeographical province. The number of recognized species might be reduced because sorne of them might be interpreted as a consequence of ecophenotypic or geographical variations. So, in the subfamily Metacrininae, S. acutus, S. cingulatus, S. batheri and S. suluensis might be synonyms of S. angulatus. It is also suggested that S. nobilis (S. varians and S. superbus included) shows intraspecific polymorphism or large morphological variations through a wide depth range. For the genus Metacrinus, simplification of the species number is more difficult to effect because each phenotype frequently seems to be clearly distinguished. Nevertheless, M. interruptus and M. musorstomae are very similar and the latter might be an ecophenotype of the former. M. costatus and M. serratus are also two species with large morphological affinities; the first species seems to be a morph living in deeper environment. M. rotundus might include M. multisegmentatus and M. cyaneus. Stem and arm morphological variations linked to bathymetry are also interpreted in terms of adaptative strategy (r and K selection). For pentacrinids, two unstability limits are suggested from their depth repartition : the upper boundary (about 100 meters) couId correspond to hydrodynamic vulnerability threshold, the lower (about 1500-2500 meters) to the trophic vulnerability limit, the food becoming too scarce. In one genus, species living close to these two unstability limits have a very important morphological variability (for example : M. rotundus, M. wyvillii). In the Western Pacifie, the most stable depth range for these crinoids could be situated between 300 and 600 meters with development of K strategy (M. serratus). Biogeographical repartition of these species is analysed from such a point ofview. Typical r strategy species (M. rotundus, M. wyvillii, S. nobilis, H. naresianus) have the largest geographical repartition. S. nobilis seems to be the species with the most eurybathic pattern with polymorphie characters. Taxonomy, paleoecology and biostratigraphy of fossil stalked crinoids must be reconsidered and discussed as a consequence of these results.
Cleva, Régis, Forest, Jacques, 1989, Oplophoridae (Crustacea Caridea) des campagnes MUSORSTOM 1, 2, 3 et CORINDON 2, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 5, 144, 69-73
Résumé [+] [-]Twenty-two species of Oplophoridae have been collected in the Philippines and Indonesia. All of them are known, but twi, Acanthephyra brevirostris Smith, 1855 and Hymenedora sp., have never been reported before in these counties.
Crosnier, Alain, Forest, Jacques, 1989, Benthesicymidae, Aristeidae, Solenoceridae (Crustacea Penaeoidea), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 5, 144, 37-67
Résumé [+] [-]Twenty-seven species of penaeid shrimp, belonging to the Benthesicymidae, Aristeidae and Solenoceridae families, were collected during the MUSORSTOM 1, 2 and 3 expeditions in the Philippines. None of them are new but several had not been previously reported from the Philippines and the known geographical range of some has been considerably extended. This is the case, particularly, with Parahepomadus vaubani Crosnier, 1978, known in Madagascar and Haliporus taprobanensis Alcock and Anderson, 1899, known in Madagascar and Southern India. An observation of distinct variations in Hymenopenaeus equalis (Bate, 1888) caused us to reassess specimens previously identified as this species by various authors, to correct some of these identifications and to determine more clearly the range of this species. This revision has led us to reexamine the synthypes of H. obliquirostris (Bate, 1881), only the female of which is known, and to publish drawings of specimens collected around the Hawaii islands, wrongly identified as H. equalis by Rathbun in 1906, and which must belong to an undescribed species very colsely related to H. obliquirostris. This, and the examination of the other Hymenopenaeus species in our samples, led us to attempt a better definition of the differences distinguishing H. obliquirostris, the species from Hawaii, H. neptunus (Bate, 1881), H. halli Bruce, 1966, and H. furici Crosnier, 1978. An examination of specimens belonging to Solenocera novaezelandiaa, Borradaile, 1916, supports the synonymy of this species with S. comata Stebbing, 1915, the slight differences observed being perhaps at most distinctive of forms. On the other hand we do not consider S. alticarinata Kubo, 1949, to be synonymous with S. choprai Nataraj, 1945, as several previous authors have done. Lastly, we distinghished two forms, alfonso and inermis, of Solenocera alfonso Pérez Farfante, 1981.
- David, Bruno, De Ridder, Chantal, Forest, Jacques, 1989, Echinodermes : Echinides irréguliers, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4, 143, 203-227
de Saint Laurent, Michèle, Forest, Jacques, 1989, La nouvelle superfamille des Retroplumoidea Gill, 1894 (Decapoda, Brachyura) : Systématique, affinités et évolution, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 5, 144, 103-179
Résumé [+] [-]The small family Retroplumidae, one of the smallest among Barchyura, includes only two genera in the Recent fauna : Retropluma Gill, 1874, with 6 species, two of which are new ; and Bathypluma, gen. nov., with three species, two of which are also new. The first part of this work deals with systematics of the family. It is based mainly upon the material collected in the Philippines in the course of the first three MUSORSTOM expeditions. In addition to the description of the new taxa, Retropluma serenei, R. quadrata, Bathypluma spinifer and B. forficula, the previoulsy known ones are revised. This is supplemented by a few comments on the geographical and bathymetrical distribution of the various species, and by a few remarks concerning their ecology. In the second part, a critical review of fossil remains attributed to the family reveals that only Eurafricans or Asiatic fossils belong with certainty to the retroplumid lineage and that the species of American origin so far described should be excluded from the group. A detailed story of both living and extint species of retroplumids shows the great originality of this little group, which is unique in particular so far as the morphology of the orbito-antennary region and of the posterior thoracic region go. They appear in the fossil records from the origin of the upper Cretaceous, and it may be surmised that they represent an early offshoot of the main eubrachyuran, or true crab, line. The rank of superfamily herein assigned to the family Retroplumidae indicates the impossibility of linking this small group to any other family of Brachyura.
- Guinot, Danièle, Forest, Jacques, 1989, Le genre Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852 (Crustacea, Brachyura : Goneplacidae), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 5, 144, 265-345
Guinot, Danièle, Forest, Jacques, 1989, Les genres Trachycarcinus Faxon et Trichopeltarion A. Milne Edwards (Crustacea, Brachyura: Atelecyclidae), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 5, 144, 347-385
Résumé [+] [-]Some very interesting deep-sea material was collected during the MUSORSTOM expéditions 1 (1976), 2 (1980) and 3 (1985) in the Philippine waters and the CORINDON 2 expédition (1980) in the Strait of Makassar. We first describe the numerous species brought back, both uncommon and new. This account is not intended to be a taxonomic revision of the Indo- Pacific species, which may belong either to the genus Trichopeltarion A. Milne Edwards, 1880, or to the genus Trachycarcinus Faxon, 1893. Both of these genera are attributed to the superfamily Corystoidea Samouelle, 1819, the revision of which is in progress. With Trachycarcinus and Trichopeltarion, the monospecific genus Pteropeltarion Dell, 1972, from New Zealand, forms a natural group alsqo with the genus Podocatactes Ortmann, 1893, endemic to Japan, and with the American genus Peltarion Jacquinot, 1847. We can only say here that they belong to the Heterotremata Guinot, 1977. One problem was encountered, because the criteria used to separate the two Indo-Pacific genera Trachycarcinus and Trichopeltarion are morphotypal ; the fact that the type-species of these genera originated from American water complicates matters. Ail the species reported here are attributed to the genus Trachycarcinus alone, without anticipating on a future study of the phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic status of the above-mentioned genera. Two species are discovered for the second time : Trachycarcinus alcocki (Doflein) and T. ovalis (Anderson). All the others are new : Trachycarcinus aff. ovalis, from the Philippines, which is only represented by a female ; T. moosai sp. nov. and T.foresti sp. nov., from the Philippines, and a close species, provisionally named Trachycarcinus aff. Delli.
- Haig, Janet, Forest, Jacques, 1989, Porcellanidae (Decapoda, Anomura) collected during MUSORSTOM 1 and 2, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 5, 144, 93-101
- Ngoc-Ho, Nguyen, 1989, Sur le genre Gebiacantha gen. nov., avec la description de cinq espèces nouvelles (Crustacea, Thalassinidea, Upogebiidae), Bulletin de Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Series 4, Section A, 11, 1, 117-145
Nguyen Ngoc-Ho, 1989, Sur le genre Gebiancantha gen. nov., avec la description de cinq espèces nouvelles (Crustacea, Thalassinidea, Upogebiidae), Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 11, 1, 117-145
Résumé [+] [-]Five new species of Upogebiidae with infrarostral spines are described and figured. They belong to a group first reported by De Saint Laurent& Ngoc-Ho (1979) and of which Upogebia talismani Bouvier, 1915 is considered as most typical. Characteristics of the group are defined upon which a new genus, Gebiacantha, is established. A key for the identification of the eleven species of the genus is provided and a few synonymies, as suggested by Sakai (1982), are discussed.
Cleva, Régis, Crosnier, Alain, 1990, Crustacea Decapoda : les genres et les espèces indo-ouest pacifiques de Stylodactylidae, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 6, 145, 71-136
Résumé [+] [-]Numerous samples of Stylodactylidae collected between 1976 and 1989 off the Philippines, New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands (MUSORSTOM, BIOCAL, CHALCAL, CORAIL 2 a n d SMIB cruises) are studied here. Other collections from Indonesia (CORINDON 2 cruise), Madagascar (coll. A. CROSNIER and R. CLEVA), and la Réunion (« MARION DUFRESNE », cruise M D 32) are included. This material is of particular interest since many specimens of various taxa have been collected : eighteen species and subspecies have been identified in it, of which nine are new : three species and one subspecies in the genus Stylodactylus. four species in the genus Parastylodactylus, and one in the new genus Stylodactyloides. Nine species and one subspecies of the genus Stylodactylus A. Milne Edwards, 1881., are represented in the collections studied here. S. laurentae sp. nov., with its typically short rostrum, seems to be one of the most common shrimps of the genus in New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands. S. profundus sp. nov., unfortunately represented by specimens in incomplete or poor condition, extends the bathymetric range of the family : it has been collected, off New Caledonia, between 1395-1410 and 1618-1740 m. S. brevidactylus sp. nov. is represented by a single specimen from the Philippines : we at first considered that this specimen was an aberrant example of S. multidentatus Kubo, 1942, but decided then to re-examine our opinion because of its peculiar characters. Twenty seven specimens (eleven from the Philippines and sixteen from Chesterfield Islands and New Caledonia) have been identified as S. licinus Chace, 1983, a little known species described from the Philippines, and eleven others (one from Indonesia and ten from New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands) as S. tokarensis Zarenkov, 1968, only known by the holotype collected in the east China sea (the paratype of S. tokarensis is suspected of being a specimen of S. licinus Chace). S. multidentatus Kubo, 1942, is probably one of the most commonly caught species of the family. Many specimens have been collected by the french campaigns from the Philippines, New Caledonia, and Madagascar : Neocaledonian specimens differ from the former by a longer rostrum and longer spines on the margin of the antennal scale. These differences are still more accentuated in Madagascarian specimens, and we finally decided to create for them a new subspecies, S. multidentatus robustus. Two other species of Stylodactylus are represented in our material : S. macropus Chace, 1983, of which the only previouly known specimen was collected by the « ALBATROSS » in the Philippines, is reported here, again from the Philippines and from New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands. S. libratus Chace, 1983, described from a single specimen from Indonesia (Celebes, « ALBATROSS » collection) and reported then from Australia (New South Wales) by KENSLEY, TRANTER and GRIFFIN (1987) has been collected in New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands. One specimen from Madagascar appears to be very close to S. libratus but shows however some différences from it, so that we identify it as S. aff. libratus. The genus Neostylodactylus Hayashi & Miyake, 1968, is represented in our material by two species : N. amarynthis (de Man, 1902), and N. affinis Hayashi & Miyake, 1968 : in these two species we have noted the very particular sexual dimorphism mentioned by CHACE (1983 : 6) for N. amarynthis : females differ from maies in lacking arthrobranchs on pereiopods 1 to 4. The geographical distribution of N. amarynthis extends now, in the Indo-Pacific, to the southwestern Indian Océan (La Réunion), and that of N. affinis, previously known only from the Korea Strait at 120 m depth, is shown to belong to the New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands fauna ; it has been caught between 235 and 440 m. Four new species have been included in the genus Parastylodactylus created by FIGUEIRA in 1971 for Stylodactylus bimaxillaris Bate, 1888, and until now monospecific. P. bimaxillaris (Bate), known from a large part of the Indo-Pacific, is mentioned for the first time from New Caledonia and Madagascar. P. tranterae sp. nov., collected off New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands, was first reported from Australia (New South Wales) by KENSLEY, TRANTER a n d GRIFFIN (1987) who suspected that it was a new species, butdid not name it, on account of the poor condition of the single specimen in their possession. P. semblatae sp. nov. seems to be very common in New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands. P. richeri sp. nov., from New Caledonia, and P. longidactylus sp. nov., from the Philippines, each represented by a few specimens only, are fairly closely related species, but however are clearly distinct taxa. A new genus, Stylodactyloides, is proposed for a new species collected from New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands, 5. crosnieri, which has a very unusual stylocerite, broadly rounded distally, which distinguishes it from ail other members of the family. It may be noted that several points in the systematics of the Stylodactylidae remain obscure. These will necessitate the examination of new collections. This work, however, shows the particular interest of these collection, concerning a little known and poorly represented family (nine new taxa described, representing more than one third of the species known until now), and indicates the richness of New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands waters, where thirteen species have been collected, including six of the nine new ones. Ail the new taxa have been illustrated, and individual variations carefully studied in the species represented by numerous specimens. Color photographs of several species, taken on board during some of these cruises, complété the iconography. Identification keys are proposed for the four généra and twenty six species and subspecies now recognized in the family.
Guinot, Danièle, Crosnier, Alain, 1990, Crustacea Decapoda : Le genre Psopheticus Wood-Mason, 1892 (Goneplacidae), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 6, 145, 331-367
Résumé [+] [-]This paper contains a study of the genus Psopheticus based on collections from the area around Madagascar (leg. Crosnier & Cleva, Benthedi Exp.); from Réunion (Marion-Dufresne 1982, MD32); from the Philippines (MUSORSTOM 1-3), from the Makassar Strait (Corindon 2, 1980); and from New Caledonia (Biocal and Musorstom 4, 1985). The type species, P. stridulans Wood-Mason, 1982, is redescribed, based on a topotype, from tyhe Andaman Sea. In addition, the genus contains P. insignis Alcock, 1900 and P. hughu Rathbun, 1914, both of which are redescribed, and P. vocans Guinot, 1985. Three new species are erected : P. crosnieri from Madagascar ; P. musicus from the Philippines ; and P. insolitus from the Makassar Strait. Specimens previously reported as P. stridulans by Guinot, from Réunion, have been reexamined and are considered of uncertain status but close to P. stridulans. A key is provided for identification of the species. The armature of the ambulatory legs was found to be a reliable and complex specific character, indepedant of sex and age, and is described for each species. A large series of P. insignis evidenced pronounced allometry in the growth pattern of the anterolateral edge of the carapace and a sexual dimorphism with longer chelipeds in the male.
Lévi, Claude, 1990, Claviscopulia furcillata n. sp. et autres Hexactinellida (Porifera) des mers Indonésiennes, Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 12, 2, 277-290
Résumé [+] [-]The new species C. furcillala of the monotypic genus Claviscopulia Schulze shares the characters of both genera Farrea Bowerbank and Eurele Semper. This species located in Makassar Strait possesses scopules instead of sarules known in the type species. A new diagnosis of Claviscopulia is given. New specimens of Bolosoma cavum Ijima and Hyalonema keianum were collected during the CORINDON cruises.
Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, 1990, Crustacea Decapoda: On a collection of Nephropidae from the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 6, 145, 289-328
Résumé [+] [-]Nephropidae collected by expeditions to several localities in the Indian and West Pacific coeans have been examined. One species of Acathacaris, five species of Metanephrops and eight species of Pephropsis have been identified. In addiation, a new species of Metanephrops (M. mozambicus) and two new species of Nephropsis (N. acanthura and N. sulcata) are described. A revision of the genus Nephropsis in the Indian and Pacific oceans is also provided.
Bacescu, Mihai, 1991, Crustacea Mysidacea : Récoltes faites au cours des campagnes MUSORSTOM 3 et CORINDON 2 aux Philippines et en Indonésie, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 9, 152, 79-100
Résumé [+] [-]Twelve species collected during the cruises MUSORSTOM 3 in the Philippines and CORINDON 2 in Indonesia are studied in this paper. Six belong to the genus Gnathophausia with one new subspecies, G. elegans fagei. Two species belong to the genus Lophogaster, one of which is new, L. musorstomi, one belongs to Paralophogaster and three belong to Eucopia, one of which is new, E. panayensis. A key for the identification of the species of Lophogaster is included.
Bouchet, Philippe, 1991, New records and new species of Abyssochrysos (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda), Journal of Natural History, 25, 305-313
Résumé [+] [-]The family Abyssochrysidae, with the single genus Abyssochrysos, is revised, based on type material and new material from the bathyal and abyssal zones of the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific in tropical or subtropical latitudes. Of the five species recognized, two are described as new: Abyssochrysos brasilianum n. sp., from the continental slope off southeastern Brazil, and A. bicinctum n. sp., from Makassar Strait, Indonesia. Abyssochrysos eburneum (Locard, 1897) is recorded for the first time since its description and A. melanioides Tomlin, 1927 is recorded from the Philippines and Indonesia. Ali of the species in the family are illustrated.
Crosnier, Alain, 1991, Crustacea Decapoda : Les Metapenaeopsis indo-ouest-pacifiques sans appareil stridulant (Penaeidae). Deuxième partie, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 9, 152, 155-297
Résumé [+] [-]This paper is a continuation of the work published in 1987, in which a group of 10 species and one subspecies of Indo-West Pacific Metapenaeopsis without stridulating organs were treated. The study presented here is based on abundant material supplied by a large number of ORSTOM collections made in the Indo-West Pacific (Madagascar, Seychelles and New Caledonia) and by joint expéditions by ORSTOM and the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (MUSORSTOM 1-6, CORINDON, BIOCAL, BIOGEOCAL, CHALCAL 1 and 2 cruises) in the Philippines, Indonesia, New Caledonia and Chesterfield Islands and by the MD 32 cruise in the vicinity of La Réunion, supported by the TAAF (Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises). Additional material from the collections of the National Muséum of Natural History, Washington, from several Australian Muséums, as well as from the Muséums of Amsterdam, Leiden, Copenhagen and Frankfürt was also examined. Problems have occurred because of insufficient original descriptions and these have resulted in many errors in the Iiterature. All the type specimens have been re-examined (except for M. gallensis Pearson which is apparently lost), and also most of the specimens cited in the Iiterature. Corrected identifications and distributions are given. Among the species previously described, 18 are recognized as valid, either as species or as subspecies : M. assimilis (de Man, 1920), M. ceylonica Starobogatov, 1972, M. commensalis Borradaile, 1898, M. dalei (Rathbun, 1902), M. distincta (de Man, 1907), M. evermanni (Rathbun, 1906), M. faouzii (Ramadan, 1938), M. gallensis (Pearson, 1905), M. hilarula (de Man, 1911), M. Iamellata (de Haan, 1844), M. mannarensis de Bruin, 1965, M. mogiensis consobrina (Nobili, 1904), M. mogiensis mogiensis (Rathbun, 1902), M. quinquedenta (de Man, 1907), M. tarawensis Racek & Dali, 1965, M. vaillanti (Nobili, 1904), M. velutina (Dana, 1852), M. wellsi Racek, 1967. Six species are considered to be synonyms : M. borradailei (de Man, 1911) = M. commensalis Borradaile, 1898. M. bruini Starobogatov, 1972 = M. mogiensis consobrina (Nobili, 1904). M. caliper Liu & Zhong et al., 1988 = M. velutina (Dana, 1852). M. insona Racek & Dali, 1965 = M. velutina (Dana, 1852). M. perlarum (Nobili, 1905) = M. mogiensis consobrina (Nobili, 1904). M. raceki Starobogatov, 1972 = M. assimilis (de Man, 1920). Fifteen species and 2 subspecies are described as new : M. costata, M. difficilis, M. gaillardi, M. incisa, M. laubieri, M. marquesas, M. menoui, M. mogiensis complanata, M. mogiensis intermedia, M. parahilarula, M. persica, M. propinqua, M. proxima, M. quadrilobata, M. richeri, M. spatulata, M. spiridonovi. A total of 35 species and subspecies (not counting one form described under the name M. aff. Distincta which is probably new) are treated. Thus 46 species and subspecies of Metapenaeopsis lacking stridulating organs are now known to occur in the Indo-West Pacific. Two identification keys are presented : one for males, another for females. They are mainly intended as a guide to the numerous figures included in the paper. Illustrations of the genitalia provide assistance in recognizing the characters used to separate the species. All the petasmata are depicted with lobes both closed and separated. Depth zones and geographic distributions of all the species are presented in tabular form. As with previous studies high species diversity of the Philippines-Indonesia fauna is evident. Déductions about the biogeography must be regarded with caution because they may reflect differences in sampling effort across the various areas and also because many small species have not been adequately collected. It is of particular interest to note that in the New Caledonian region, where there have been many collections made using a variety of methods, 17 species are known, whereas from the vast Philippines-Indonesia region only 19 have been recorded and only 9 from the whole of Australia. Finally some general considerations on the genus Metapenaeopsis are presented and it is suggested that the species currently assigned to it should perhaps be placed in 2 or 3 genera. An effort has been made to define the groups that might be deserving more formal recognition.
Grygier, Mark J., 1991, Additions to the Ascothoracidan fauna of Australia and south-east Asia (Crustacea: Maxillopoda): Synagogidae (part), Lauridae and Petrarcidae, Records of the Australian Museum, 43, 1, 1-46
doi: 10.3853/j.0067-1975.43.1991.39 Résumé [+] [-]Previous Australian records of Ascothoracida are summarised. In the Synagogidae, three new species of Gorgonolaureus Utinomi are described from primnoid (Pterostenelia plumatilis (Rousseau», paramuriceid (unidentified), and gorgoniid (Eunicelia sp.) gorgonacean hosts off Western Australia, Vietnam, and New Caledonia, respectively. The first two species are from unusually shallow depths, 80 to 100 m, the third from bathyal depths. Flatsia n.gen., with one species from 73 to 82 m depth off New South Wales, host unknown, is provisionally assigned to the Synagogidae. In the Lauridae, two new species of Baccalaureus Broch are described from the subtidal zoanthid Isaurus tuberculatus Gray on the Great Barrier Reef and the solitary zoanthid Sphenopus marsupialis Steenstrup at several shallow sites (40-86 m) off Queensland and Western Australia and in the Andaman Sea. In the Petrarcidae, morphological and ecological notes on Petrarca okadai Grygier infesting the coral Heteropsammia cochlea (Spengler) at Lizard Island, Queensland, are presented. Two new species of Petrarca Fowler are described infesting the solitary coral Fungiacyathus sp. off Moreton Bay, Queensland, and the hermatypic reef coral Turbinaria reniformis Bernard at Lizard Island. An unnamed species of Petrarca from the solitary coral Anthemiphyllia dentata A1cock collected between 110 and 350 m off Queensland is partly described. A list and some photographs of other new records of galls caused by petrarcid ascothoracidans in various Indo-Pacific sc1eractinians, especially Turbinaria spp. And other dendrophylliids, are presented.
Laubitz, Diana R., Crosnier, Alain, 1991, Crustacea Amphipoda Caprellidea: Caprellids from the western Pacific (New Caledonia, Indonesia and the Philippines), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 9, 152, 101-123
Résumé [+] [-]Seventeen species of Caprellidea were collected by expeditions to the western Pacific (New Caledonia, Indonesia, and the Philippines). Although none of the species are new to the region, most of them have been reported only rarely. Illustrations and brief descriptions are given.
- Tavares, Marcos, 1991, Redéfinition des genres Rochinia A. Milne Edwards, Sphenocarcinus A. Milne Edwards et Oxypleurodon Miers, et établissement du genre Nasutocarcinus gen. Nov. (Crustacea, Brachyura, Majidae), Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4° série, Section A, 13, 1-2, 159-179
Zeidler, Wolfang, Crosnier, Alain, 1991, Crustacea Amphipoda: Hyperiidea from MUSORSTOM cruises, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 9, 152, 125-137
Résumé [+] [-]Recent French expeditions to the Philippines, New Caledonia and Makassar Strait (Indonesia) have resulted in a small collection of hyperiid amphipods representing 11 species. All are tropical or warm temperate species. Megalanceola stephenseni, a rare species, is represented by 8 specimens including some very large females and two males; only one male specimen has been recorded previously. Paratyphis promontorii is a new record for the south western Pacific.
Duchamps, Ralph, 1992, Description d' une nouvelle espèce de Tibia (Gastropoda: Strombidae), Apex, 7, 2, 47-58
Résumé [+] [-]Tibia (Rimellopsis) laurenti, new sp. from the Indo-Pacific region is described on the basis of conchological characters.
Chen, Hui-Lian, Crosnier, Alain, 1993, Crustacea Decapoda: Dorippidae of New Caledonia, Indonesia and the Philippines, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 10, 156, 315-345
Résumé [+] [-]Dorippidae material collected by several French expeditions (MUSORSTOM 3-6, CHALCAL l, BIOCAL, BIOGEOCAL) from 1980 to 1989, a French Indonesian cruise (CORINDON 2) in 1980 and the MARIEL KING MEMORIAL EXPEDITION in 1970 off the Philippines, Indonesia, Chesterfield Islands and New Caledonia yielded a total of 24 species (including 2 uncertain species) belonging to 2 subfamilies and 3 genera. Twelve species are new and 10 species are first records from New Caledonia.
Lowry, James K., Stoddart, Helen E., Crosnier, Alain, 1993, Crustacea Amphipoda: Lysianassoids from Philippine and Indonesian waters, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 10, 156, 55-109
Résumé [+] [-]Ten genera and fourteen species of lysianassoid amphipods are reported from Philippine and Indonesian waters. Nine of these are new species (Aristias coriolis, A. verdensis, Eucallisoma barnardi, Figorella corindon, Onesimoides castellatus, 0. mindoro, Paracentromedon pacificus, Pseudamaryllis andresi and Trischizostoma crosnieri). Five of the genera (Eucallisoma, Figorella, Paracentromedon, Pseudamaryllis and Trischizostoma) are new records for the south-east Asian area. Only four species (Cyphocaris anonyx Boeck, 1871, Ichnopus wardi Lowry & Stoddart, 1992, Onesimoides castellatus and 0. mindoro) are recorded from both areas.
Macpherson, Enrique, Baba, Keiji, Crosnier, Alain, 1993, Crustacea Decapoda: Munida japonica Stimpson, 1858, and related species (Galatheidae), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 10, 156, 381-420
Résumé [+] [-]In order to clarify the systematic status of Munida japonica Stimpson, 1858, which has been mixed with several other species constituting a complex, a neotype of this species from Kagoshima, Japan, is selected and described. Examination of the type materials of M. heteracantha Ortmann, 1892, M. semoni Ortmann, 1894 (previously merged with M. heteracantha) and M. honshuensis Benedict, 1902 (previously considered synonymous with M. japonica), discloses that they are valid species. Comparison of these species with numerous specimens from the Philippines, Indonesia, Japan, and the western Indian Ocean yields 13 new relatives species to be described.
Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, 1993, Crustacea Decapoda: Species of the genus Munida Leach, 1820 (Galatheidae) collected during MUSORSTOM and CORINDON cruises in the Philippines and Indonesia, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 10, 156, 421-442
Résumé [+] [-]Fifteen species of galatheid crustaceans belonging to the genus Munida Leach, 1820 are reported from the Philippines and Indonesia. Six of these species are described as new : M. analoga, M. gilii, M. minuta, M. parvula, M. pusiola and M. sacksi.
Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, 1993, Crustacea Decapoda: Species of the genus Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Galatheidae) from the Philippines, Indonesia and New Caledonia, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 10, 156, 443-473
Résumé [+] [-]Galatheid crustaceans of the genus Paramunida Baba, 1988, collected in the Philippines, Indonesia and New Caledonia, have been studied. The collection contains 12 species, seven of which are described as new : P. belone, P. evexa, P. pictura, P. polita, P. pronoe, P. stichas, and P. thalie. An identification key for all of the species of the genus is provided.
Vervoort, Willem, 1993, Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Hydroida: Hydroids from the Western Pacific (Philippines, Indonesia and New Caledonia) I : Sertulariidae (Part 1), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 11, 158, 89-298
Résumé [+] [-]This paper presents the first part of a study of large collections of Hydroida (Cnidaria : Hydrozoa) in the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, originating from various expeditions in the Philippines, the eastern part of the Malay Archipelago, the Chesterfield Islands, New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands. In this first part, genera of the family Sertulariidae Lamouroux, 1812, are reviewed, including new species of the genera Abietinaria Kirchenpauer, 1884 (1 new species), Dictyocladium Allman, 1888 (1 new species), Gonaxia nov. Gen. (20 new species and a new variety), SertularellaGray, 1848 (8 new species and a new subspecies), Symplectoscyphus Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1890 (6 new speciesand a new subspecies), and Thyroscyphus Allman, 1877 (1 new species). In addition to other, already known species from those genera, species of Caminothujaria Von Campenhausen, 1896, Cnidoscyphus Splettstosser, 1929, Dynamena Lamouroux, 1812, Geminella Billard, 1925, Hydrallmania Hincks, 1868, and Idiellana Cotton & Godfrey, 1942, are recorded. Many of the records are considerable range extensions or constitute new records for the Chesterfield Islands, New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands regions. Additional species and genera will be treated in a second part. Noteworthy is the occurrence of the curious new genus Gonaxia with many new species from the New Caledonia area, producing its gonothecae in intimate contact with the axis and its secondary tubules. Remarkable also is the occurrence of two northern Atlantic shallow water hydroids, Hydrallmania falcata (Linnaeus, 1758) and Diphasia attenuata (Hincks, 1861), the latter to be fully described in the sequel to this report, from deep water of the New Caledonia region. In zoogeographic context, the present study reveals a considerable degree of endemism in the deeper water hydroid fauna of the seas bordering New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands, a phenomenon also observed amongst other groups of marine animals. Further zoogeographic comments will be postponed until a larger part of this highly interesting collection has been fully studied.
- Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Decapoda : Les Metapenaeopsis indo-ouest-pacifiques avec un appareil stridulant (Penaeidae), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 255-337
- Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Decapoda : Observations complémentaires sur les Metapenaeopsis indo-ouest-pacifiques sans appareil stridulant (Penaeidae) Description de deux nouvelles espèces, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 339-349
- Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Decapoda : Penaeoidea récoltés lors de la campagne KARUBAR en Indonésie, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 351-365
Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Decapoda : Studies on the genus Munida Leach, 1820 (Galatheidae) in New Caledonian and adjacent waters with descriptions of 56 new species, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 421-569
Résumé [+] [-]A large collection of species of the genus Munida has been examined and found to contain 56 undescribed species. The specimens examined were caught mainly off New Caledonia, Chesterfield Islands, Loyalty Islands, Matthew and Hunter Islands. Several samples from Kiribati, the Philippines and Indonesia have also been included. The specimens were collected between 6 and 2 049 m. Some species previously known in the area (Af. Gracilis, M. haswelli, M. microps, M. spinicordata and M. tubercidata) have been illustrated. These results point up the high diversity of this genus in the region and the importance of several characters in species identification (e.g., size and number of lateral spines on the carapace, ornamentation of the thoracic sternites, size of antennular and antennal spines, colour pattern).
- Markham, John C., Crosnier, Alain, 1994, Crustacea Isopoda: Bopyridae in the MUSORSTOM collections from the tropical Indo-Pacific I. Subfamilies Pseudioninae (in part), Argeiinae, Orbioninae, Athelginae and Antophilinae, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 12, 161, 225-253
Forest, Jacques, Crosnier, Alain, 1995, Crustacea Decapoda Anomura : Révision du genre Trizopagurus Forest, 1952 (Diogenidae), avec rétablissement de deux genres nouveaux, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 13, 163, 9-149
Résumé [+] [-]Crustacea Decapoda Anomura : Revision of the genus Trizopagurus Forest, 1952 (Diogenidae), with the establishment of two new genera. Prior to the present study, the genus Trizopagurus Forest, 1952, included ten species, mostly from the Indo-West Pacific, but two of them from the Eastern Atlantic and one from the Eastern Pacific. Following the examination of about 350 spécimens, this genus has now been revised and two new genera established, Ciliopagurus gen. Nov. And Strigopagurus gen. Nov. In addition 24 species are assigned to the three gênera, 14 of thèse being described as new. After an introduction that discusses the examined material and the methods used in the taxonomic study, a chapter is devoted to the characters that led to the partition of genus Trizopagurus, namely the shape of the cephalothoracic shield, ornamentation of thoracic appendages, organization of the pleopods, and the stridulatory structures. Thèse structures, described and compared in the following chapter, are of particular interest since they can be used to define the three gênera. Their homologies indicate an evolutionary trend from Trizopagurus via Ciliopagurus to Strigopagurus and the three gênera are studied following the order of this cline. The systematic section first gives an account on the current status of the Diogenidae, recently enriched with four gênera. The characters of each genus are tabulated and their comparison used to define some groupings. In most cases, the genera brought together in a same group show marked differentiations and are not closely related. However, the three genera presently studied form a coherent unit, especially on account of the stridulatory structures, which are peculiar and unique, not only within the family, but in ail decapods. An identification key is provided for ail known genera of Diogenidae.The systematic treatment of the three studied gênera comprises references, diagnosis and définitions, together with remarks on the affinities of the included species. Key s for species identification are provided. For each species are given références, a full synonymy, a list of examined material, informations on type spécimens, a description and an account of variations, when enough spécimens are available. In the remarks, the main distinctive morphological features are pointed out and compared with those of related species. Are also mentioned the size distribution by sex, the identified inhabited shells, and the distribution. Trizopagurus Forest, 1952, is characterized by the relatively weak development of the stridulatory elements, which are fewer, less differenciated and grouped in less distinct patches than in the other two genera. The ornamentation of the chelipeds consists of slightly projecting and rounded teeth or tubercles, in front of which short setae (ciliae) are located in semicircular rows. In both sexes, there are four biramous pleopods on the left side of the abdomen, the last one smaller and never oviferous in the female. The three species inhabit shallow water, usually in the tidal zone. T. magnificus (Bouvier, 1898) belongs to the tropical fauna of the eastern Pacific. T. melitai (Chevreux & Bouvier, 1892) and T. rubrocinctus Forest & Raso, 1990, are both from the tropical northeastern Atlantic. In Ciliopagurus gen. Nov., the stridulatory structures are looking like fine, corneous, parallel rods, grouped in several neatly separated patches, which are homologous in the different species. The first three thoracic legs are ornamented by transverse ciliated striae, with much longer setae in some species. There are four unpaired biramous pleopods in both sexes, the last one equal to the others and always oviferous in the female. The species can be separated into two groups, according to whether the ridges on the carpus and propodus of chelipeds, along the transverse striae, are smooth or tuberculated-denticulated. The first group includes eight species : C. strigatus (Herbst, 1804), C. îricolor sp. Nov., C. krempfi (Forest, 1952), C. caparti (Forest, 1952), C. albatrossi sp. Nov., C. shebae (Lewinsohn, 1969), C. macrolepis sp. Nov. Et C. liui sp. Nov. The second group comprises also eight species : C tenebrarum (Alcock, 1905), C. haigae sp. Nov., C. hawaiiensis (McLaughlin & Bailey-Brock, 1975), C. pacificus, C. plessisi, C. major, C. alcocki and C. babai spp. nov. The genus Ciliopagurus, which is widely distributed, includes one species, C. caparti, from the tropical eastern Atlantic. All others are from the tropical Indo-West Pacific, from the Red Sea and southeastern Africa to Japan and the Hawaiian and Marquesas Islands. The bathymetry range is highly variable. In the first group two species are restricted to very shallow water, mostly from the tidal zone. The other ones are distributed from 50 to 120 m, except for the eurybathic C. krempfi, which has been collected between 10 and 300 m. The second group is mostly présent from 120 to 480 m, one species reaching probably a greater depth. The genus Ciliopagurus gen. Nov. Also includes a fossil pagurid from the Middle Miocène, previously known as Dardanus substriatiformis (Lorenthey) and related to the species of the second group.The genus Strigopagurus gen. Nov. Is provided with the most differentiated and accomplished stridulatory structures. They consist of relatively thick corneous rods, arranged in strongly individualized patches, the larger of which appearing as distinctly channelled plates. The carpus and manus of the chelipeds are covered dorsally with strong teeth that end in a thin corneous spine. Thinner corneous teeth are also present on the two following appendages. As usual within the Diogenidae, except Paguristes and Paguropsis, there are no appendages on the first abdominal segment. In the female, the four pleopods are unpaired and biramous, the last one being only partially oviferous. But the second abdominal segment of the maie is usually supplied with a pair of pleopods, which, according to the species, are modified or not as gonopods ; the following three appendages are unpaired and biramous. The five species can be separated into two groups. The first comprises two species without a differentiation of the paired maie pleopods, i. e. S. strigimanus (White, 1847) and S. elongatus sp. nov. The three species with differentiated gonopods, S. bilineatus, S. boreonotus and S. poupini spp. nov. Form the second group. Strigopagurus gen. nov. Is not as extensively distributed as Ciliopagurus gen. nov., being found only from the eastern Indian Océan to Japan and Polynesia. The genus is not strictly tropical, since the two species with undifferenciated pleopods inhabit the southern Australia. One of the other three species is known only from Queensland and another from Polynesia. The last one, present in eastern Indonesia, New Caledonia, the Philippines and Japan, is the only species of the genus spreading north of the Equator. The species of the first group inhabit relatively shallow water, usually from a few to about a hundred meters. The other species are all present at about 250 m, but one of them, the most widely distributed, is still relatively common to 500 m. Finally, a general account of the geographic and bathymetric distribution of genera and species is given and illustrated with maps and a table.
Guinot, Danièle, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Crosnier, Alain, 1995, Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura : Révision de la famille des Homolidae de Haan, 1839, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 13, 163, 283-517
Résumé [+] [-]Crustacea Decapoda Brachyura : Revision of the family Homolidae de Haan, 1839. Collections made by scientists from ORSTOM and during French expeditions, resulting from the cooperation of ORSTOM and the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, in the upper bathyal zone of the Indo-West-Pacific (Madagascar, Seychelles, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Chesterfield Islands, Wallis and Futuna Islands) have accumulated abundant crustacean material. We have added to it the collections by various Australian, German and Soviet expeditions in regions poorly explored until now. We have studied also specimens taken by deep traps near atolls in French Polynesia and in french Anfilles. We have also been able to examine almost all the Homolidae deposited in the large museums of the world, reference and unidentified collections, and thereby to prepare an account of the Hawaiian, Japanese, Indian, African, South African and American faunas. From all these collections it has been possible to revise and restructure the Homolidae world-wide. Examination of all type specimens has been necessary, as has that of all specimens mentioned in the literature; practically all references and all identifications have been verified. The Homolidae comprise now 14 genera, studied in terms of their phylogenetic affinities : eight genera already known (Homola Leach, Paromolopsis Wood-Mason, Paromola Wood-Mason, Latreillopsis Henderson, Homolochunia Doflein, Hypsophrys Wood-Mason, Homolomannia Ihle, Homologenus A. Milne Edwards) ; two former subgenera elevated to generic rank (Homolax Alcock, Moloha Bamard) ; and four new genera (Dagnaudus, Ihlopsis, Yaldwynopsis, Gordonopsis). Until now quite poor in species, the family now contains in the whole 57 species : it is increased by 17 new species ; in addition, about ten uncertain species are leaven apart. In the cases of two genera considered amphi-Atiantic, Homola and Homologenus, a new taxon is described ; Homola minima sp. Nov. Is separated from H. barbata (Fabricius), typically Mediterranean ; and Homologenus boucheti sp. Nov. Is separated from H. rostratus (A. Milne Edwards), from the American Atlantic. Three other new species are added to Homola : H. eldredgei, H. coriolisi and H. ranunculus. The genus Paromola is confined to some species close to P. cuvieri (Risso) and two new taxa are added : P. bathyalis and P. crosnieri. Six species are attributed to Moloha of which the former is the type species M. alcocki (Stebbing), another one the ancient Latreillopsis major of KUBO (validated) ; it is augmented by two new species, M. alisae and M. grandperrini, and also The genus Latreillopsis receives three new species : L. daviei, L. cornuta and L. antennata. The new genus Ihlopsis includes, besides I. multispinosa (Ihle) (formely in Latreillopsis), one new species, I. tirardi. A third species, H. gadaletae, is added to Homolochunia. Only one species is added to Hypsophrys, H. futuna, but the genus is certainly more diverse. Three new species, H. boucheti, H. levii and H. wallis are described in the genus Homologenus. The genus Homolax, poorly known, is well defined. For each genus adiagnosis, an illustration of the principal characteristics and homologies, plus a key to all species are given. Each genus has been strictly redefined with respect to its type species and to all its species. For the numerous poorly known species a description or summary of characters differentiating it from the nearest taxon is presented H has been made by a synthetic study of all important morphological criteria ; we have reviewed all the principal arrangements and structures of Homolidae to understand their homologies and reach rigorous the nomenclature of the grooves and ornamentation of the carapace which have been often confused in the past. Some phylogenetic hypotheses are briefly presented. The place of the Homolidae in Homoloidea is commented on with a key to the three members of the superfamily. Short remarks, which will be completed in another work, on fossil representatives are outlined. Lastly, geographic and bathymétrie distribution of the genera and species are discussed. Each species is represented often with drawings and always by several photographs.
- Poutiers, Jean-Maurice, Bernard, Frank Reinhold, 1995, Carnivorous bivalve molluscs (Anomalodesmata) from the tropical western Pacific Ocean, with a proposed classification and a catalogue of Recent species, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 107-187
Scarabino V., 1995, Scaphopoda of the tropical Pacific and indian Oceans, with description of 3 new genera and 42 new species, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 14, 167, 189-380
Résumé [+] [-]New data on the scaphopod fauna of the Indo-West Pacific are presented, based on new material from recent oceanographic expeditions, mostly in the SW Indian Ocean, SE Asia and the New Caledonia region. Over 780 stations yielded a total of 139 species. Of 81 species of Dentaliida and 58 Gadilida, 42 species (16 Dentaliida and 26 Gadilida), as well as 3 gadilid genera, are described as new. Many range extensions are documented, and new synonymies are established. With 73 recorded species, New Caledonia is currently the geographic area with the highest documented scaphopod diversity. Their bathymetric distribution shows a peak in species numbers in deep water around 800 m, with a second, minor peak for Gadilida at around 2,000 m. Including genera not represented in the Indo-Pacific, 44 Recent scaphopod genera are recognized. The radula of 42 of these is described, and an update of the general classification of the class Scaphopoda is proposed.
Chan, Tin-Yam, Crosnier, Alain, 1996, Crustacea Decapoda Crangonidae : revision of the three closely related genera Aegaeon Agassiz 1846, Pontocaris Bate, 1888 and Parapontocaris Alcock 1901, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 15, 168, 269-336
Résumé [+] [-]The species of Pontocaris Bate, 1888, and related genera, Aegaeon Agassiz, 1846 and Parapontocaris Alcock, 1901, are reviewed based on the abundant samples collected by ORSTOM (Institut français de Recherche scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération), the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, the Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, and the National Taiwan Ocean University, as well as those deposited at other museums and institutions. Altogether 21 species and one subspecies are recognized which appear to form three natural groups. The genus Parapontocaris Alcock, 1901 is retained for the 6 species assigned to it by CHACE (1984), but different characters are used to differentiate them. An interlocking mechanism between the posterior thoracic sternites and the carapace is found in all species of the Pontocaris propensalata group, but not in the others. Furthermore, females of this group can modify their pereiopods, probably for the care of the eggs, when they molt for spawning. Such modification of the pereiopods is unique in the carideans according to present knowledge. Thus, the genus Pontocaris Bate, 1888, is now restricted to the species of this group and BRUCE'S (1988) Pontocheras becomes a junior synonym of the former. At present 10 species and one subspecies are recognized in this group, with the names P. affinis (Alcock, 1901) and P. hilarula (de Man, 1918) revived and four new species and one new subspecies described : P. major from the Philippines, P. laurentae and P. spinifera from Indonesia, P. profundior from the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, and P. affinis allodactylus from the Red Sea. The name Aegaeon Agassiz, 1846 is revived for five species with characters intermediate between Parapontocaris and Pontocaris (as defined here), namely A. cataphractus (Olivi, 1792), A. lacazei (Gourret, 1887), A. orientalis Henderson, 1893, A. rathbuni de Man, 1918 and A. boschii (Christoffersen, 1988). Keys for distinguishing these three genera and the identification of the species are provided. The distribution and evolution, as well as sexual dimorphism and polymorphism in females, of these species are briefly discussed. Both the morphological characters and distribution patterns suggest that the genus Parapontocaris is relatively more ancient and has a typical Tethys distribution. On the other hand, species of Pontocaris possess many advanced characters and are still actively evolving in the Indo-West Pacific. The intermediate genus Aegaeon probably forms a link between the above two genera and has successfully invaded the Atlantic from the original Indo-West Pacific distribution.
Bouchet, Philippe, Sysoev, Alexander V., 1997, Revision of the Recent species of Buccinaria (Gastropoda: Conoidea), a genus of deep-water turrids of Tethyan origin, Venus, 56, 2, 93-119
Résumé [+] [-]The shell of Buccinaria, with its synonyms Dotomella and Pionotoma, is characterized by a wide subsutural ramp forming a broad, concave depression, and a short, broad siphonal canal. The general appearance is strongly convergent with shells of certain buccinid genera such as Eosipho. Radula and protoconch morphology confirm a placement of the genus in the family Conidae, subfamily Raphitominae. Buccinaria is known back to Miocene deposits of Europe, prior to the closure of Tethys, and persists only in the Indo-West Pacific. Recent species live on bathyal soft bottoms, where they appear to favour poorly oxygenated reducing sediments. The six species (two new) recognized live at depths between 200 and 1200 m. Buccinaria loochooensis, originally described from Neogene deposits of the Ryukyus, is recorded for the first time in the Recent fauna . Pionotoma teramachii and P. pyrum, two Recent nominal species from Japan, are synonymized with Buccinaria jonkeri and B. martini, respectively, both described from the Neogene of Indonesia. Cominella koperbergi and C. retifera fall within the range of variation of, and are synonymized with, Buccinaria jonkeri.
- Cairns, Stephen D., Zibrowius, Helmut, Crosnier, Alain, Bouchet, Philippe, 1997, Cnidaria Anthozoa: Azooxanthellate Scleractinia from Philippine and Indonesian Regions, Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 16, 172, 27-243
Chan, Tin-Yam, Crosnier, Alain, Bouchet, Philippe, 1997, Crustacea Decapoda: Palinuridae, Scyllaridae and Nephropidae collected in Indonesia by the KARUBAR Cruise, with an identification key for the species of Metanephrops, Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 16, 172, 409-431
Résumé [+] [-]The KARUBAR cruise in 1991 collected a number of deep-sea lobster specimens from Indonesia. The material is found to contain five species of palinurids, five species of scyllarids and 11 species of nephropids. Although no new species were found, the KARUBAR material extends the known distributions for many species, such as Linuparus trigonus (von Siebold, 1824), Palinustus unicornutus Berry, 1979, lbacus pubescens Holthuis, 1960, I. novemdentatus Gibbes, 1850, Nephropsis acanthura Macpherson, 1990, N. holthuisi Macpherson, 1993,N. serrata Macpherson, 1993, N. stewarti Wood-Mason, 1872, N. sulcata Macpherson, 1990, and Metanephrops australiensis (Bruce, 1966). The most interesting finding is a complete specimen of Metanephrops arafurensis (de Man, 1905), which was previously known only from a mutilated type. Together with the additional knowledge gained of the characteristics of the other Metanephrops species, their relationships are discussed and a revised key to the species of this genus is provided.
Macpherson, Enrique, Crosnier, Alain, Bouchet, Philippe, 1997, Crustacea Decapoda: Species of the genera Agononidae Baba & de Saint Laurent, 1995 and Munida Leach, 1820 (Galatheidae) from the KARUBAR Cruise, Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 16, 172, 597-612
Résumé [+] [-]Twenty six species of gaiatheid crustaceans belonging to the genera Agononida Baba & de Saint Laurent, 1995 and Munida Leach, 1820, were caught off the Molucca archipelago, during the KARUBAR Cruise (October-November, 1991). Three species are described as new: A. emphereia. M. compacta and M. punctata.
Poore, Gary C. B., 1997, A review of the thalassinidean families Callianideidae Kossmann, Micheleidea Sakai and Thomassiniidae de Saint Laurent (Crustacea, Decapoda) with descriptions of fifteen species, Zoosystema, 19, 2, 345-420
Résumé [+] [-]Three thalassinidean families with setalrows and with a seta on the scaphogna-thite of maxilla 2 are defined and reviewed : Callianideidae (with pleoposal filaments, without posterolateral lobes on the carapace, without anterolateral lobes on abdominal somite 1, without linea thalassinica); and Thomassiniidae (without pleopodal filaments, without posterolateral lobes on the carapace, without anterolateral lobes on abdominal somite 1, with well developed lonea thalassinica). All the genera are diagnosed and keys are presented. Of the thirty-five species described and listed, fifteen are new: Marcusiaxius wamsoi, Metioconaxius noumea, M. spicatus, Michelea abranchiata, M. devaneyi, M. hortus, M. microphylla, M. novaecaledoniae, M. paraleura and Tethisea mindoro (Micheleidae); Crosniera corindon, C. panie, Mictaxius arno, T. moorea (Thomassiniidae). All ohers are redescribed when necessary, one in a new combination: Marcusiaxius minutus (Coelho).
Beu, Alan G., 1998, Indo-West Pacific Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). A monograph of the New Caledonian fauna and revisions of related taxa - Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Edition du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 19, 178
Résumé [+] [-]The Ranellidae, Bursidae and Personidae from the New Caledonia region (including the Loyalty Islands, the Coral Sea and the New Hebrides Arc) are monographed based on the results of an extensive collecting effort totalling more than 1000 stations. Seventy-three species are recorded, with numerous range extensions. One of the more remarkable aspects of this fauna is the uniquely diverse deep-water tonnoidean assemblage, dominated by species such as Bursa fijiensis, B. latitudo, B. quirihorai, species of Distorsio, Sassia remensa, and less common small personids in the genera Distorsionella and Personopsis. The number of species of New Caledonian Personidae is the highest yet recorded. The Personopsis species are the first modem ones correctly referred to the genus. Revisions are provided of Biplex, Gyrineum, Cyinatium (Gelagna), the Cymatium vespaceum, C. tenuiliratum and Bursa latitudo species groups, of southwest Pacific species of Sassia, and of several Cymatium (Ranularia) and Distorsio species. New genera proposed are Halgyrineum (Ranellidae) and Distorsomina (Personidae). Seven new species are proposed: Biplex bozzettii (from Somalia and southem India), Gyrineum longicaudatum (from the tropical westem Pacific), Cymatium pemiiketi (from Oman), Distorsio parvimpedita, Distorsionella pseudaphera, Personopsis purpurata and P. trigonaperta (all from New Caledonia). The nomenclature of numerous taxa is stabilized by the designation of neotypes and lectotypes for nominal species named by A. Adams & Reeve, Broderip, Deshayes, Dillwyn, Dunker, Fulton, Gmelin, Gould, Gray, Iredale, Jousseaume, Kuenen. Küster, Lamarck, Linné, Martin. Mighels, d'Orbigny, Perry, Reeve, Röding, Salis Marschlins, Schepman, Schumacher, G B. Sowerby II, and Wood.
- Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 1998, La diversité du benthos marin de Nouvelle-Calédonie : de l'espèce à la notion de patrimoine
Boyko, Christopher B., Harvey, Alan W., Crosnier, Alain, 1999, Crustacea Decapoda: Albuneidae and Hippidae of the tropical Indo-West Pacific Region, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 20, 180, 379-406
Résumé [+] [-]Based primarily on samples collected during French expeditions to New Caledonia and nearby regions, two new species of the sand crab family Albuneidae Stimpson, 1858 are described from the tropical Indo-West Pacific Ocean: Albunea holthuisi, from Tanzania, Madagascar and Indonesia, and Austrolepidopa caledonia, from New-Caledonia. Twi closely related, and often synonymizes species of Albunea: A. microps Miers, 1878 and A. elioti Benedict, 1904 are found to be distinct. Several important diagnostic morphological features, not previously described in the Albueidae, are discussed. In addition, we provide diagnoses for three Indo-West species of mole crabs in the family Hippidae Latreille, 1825, including the very similar Hippa pacifica Dana, 1852 and H. celaeno (de Man, 1986). An annotated list of the 37 species of Hippoidea reported from the Indo-West Pacific region is provided, along with a diagnostic key to these species.
Crosnier, Alain, 1999, Une nouvelle espèce de Lebbeus d'Indonésie (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea, Hippolytidae), Zoosystema, 21, 3, 453-460
Résumé [+] [-]A new species, Lebbeus laevirostris, is described from one specimen collected in the Makassar Strait, at a depth of 779-798 m. It can be distinguished fromall the other Lebbeus by its rostrum smooth on all its length and overreaching the eyes by almost half of its length.
Hayashi, Ken-Ichi, Crosnier, Alain, 1999, Crustacea Decapoda: Revision of Pasiphaea sivado (Risso, 1816) and related species, with descriptions of one new genus and five new species (Pasiphaeidae), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 20, 180, 267-302
Résumé [+] [-]The study of many samples collected by MUSORSTOM cruises, deposited in the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, as well as the reexamination of types and published specimens reveal that Pasiphaea sivado (Risso, 1816) and the related species, P. propinqua de Man, 1916, P. japonica Omori, 1976, P. marisrubri Iwasaki, 1989 and P. nudipeda Burukovsky, 1993, belong to one group. All are characterized by a terminal spine on the sixth abdominal somite and a branchial reduction. However, P. nudipeda is entirely devoid of arthrobranchia, has unarmed first pereiopods and three pairs of spines on the posterior margin of telson and has to be separated; a new genus Alainopasipheae is proposed for it. The other species mentionned above, except P. marisrubi, bear three arthrobranchiae from the fourth to sixth thoracic somites. P. marisrubri and five new species found in the MUSORSTOM material and belonging in this group have four pleurobranchiae from the fourth to seventh thoracic somites. On the other hand, P. propinqua, P. japonica and P. sivado have one more, but rudimentary, pleurobranchia on the eight somite. A key for all these species is provided.
Burukovsky, Rudolf N., 2000, Taxonomy of Nematocarcinus (Decapoda, Nematocarcinidae). 1. Description of disto-ventral organ and revision of N. productus, N. tenuipes, N. intermedius, N. parvidentatus, N. longirostris, and N. proximatus, Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 79, 2, 161-170
Résumé [+] [-]An unknown hitherto disto-ventral organ of the sixth abdominal segment in shrimps is described. This organ is a complex of twin sections of modified integument and related rows of setas. It is of great taxonomic importance. The presence of this organ allows one to ascertain that typical series of some species from this genus is a mixture of various species. The revision of six species, determined by Bate (1888), resulted in reduction of N. intermedius and N. parvidentatus to the synonyms, N. productus Bate, 1888 and N. tenuipes Bate, 1888, respectively. Diagnoses of N. productus, N. tenuipes, and N. proximatus are making more exact. N. serratirostris Burukovsky, 1991 is considered as a synonym of N. tenuipes.
Burukovsky, Rudolf N., 2000, Taxonomy of Nematocarcinus (Decapoda, Nematocarcinidae). 5. Redescription of Nematocarcinus nudirostris and description of N-combensis, N-kaiensis, and N-subtilis, Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 79, 9, 1036-1044
Résumé [+] [-]The disto-ventral organ of the 6th abdominal segment was found for the first time, and in was a cause to redescribe shrimps of the genus Nematocarcinus. The diagnosis of the species N. nudirostris, described previously by the author, was corrected and reduced to synonym of the species N. combensis. Three new species, N. combensis. N. kaiensis, and N, subtilis, from various regions of the Indian Ocean and western part of the Pacific Ocean are described. They differ from N. nudirostris is in the structure of rostrum, protuberance of the back border of the 3d abdominal segment, pleurae of the 5th abdominal segment, and that of the disto-ventral organ.
- Burukovsky, Rudolf N., 2000, Taxonomy of shrimps from the genus Nematocarcinus (Decapoda, Nematocarcinidae). 6. Redescription of species from the groups undulatipes and gracilis with descriptions of two new species, Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 79, 10, 1155-1167
Castro, Peter, Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: A revision of the Indo-West Pacific species of palicid crabs (Brachyura Palicidae)), Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 437-610
Résumé [+] [-]The taxonomy of the crabs belonging to the family Palicidae Bouvier, 1898 from the Indo-west Pacific region is revised. On the basis of extensive material collected by French expeditions in the Coral Sea and other regions of the Pacific and Indian oceans, as well as material from numerous museums, including most of the types, the present study recognizes two subfamilies, 10 genera, and 43 species. Of these taxa, four are new genera: Exopalicus, Miropalicus, Paliculus, and Rectopalicus. Manella is synonymized with Crossotonotus A. Milne Edwards, 1873. Parapleurophricoides Nobili, 1906, sometimes believed to be a palicid, is a xanthoid and it is removed from the Palicidae. Nine nominal species described by previous authors are synonymized and an additional 17 species are described.
Chia, Diana G. B., Ng, Peter K.L., 2000, A revision of Eumedonus H. Milne Edwards, 1834 and Gonatonotus White, 1847 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Eumedonidae), two genera of crabs symbiotic with sea urchins, Journal of Natural History, 34, 1, 15-56
doi: 10.1080/002229300299679 Résumé [+] [-]The eumedonid genera Eumedonus H. Milne Edwards, 1834 and Gonatonotus White, 1847, are revised. Members of both genera are obligate symbionts with sea urchins. Eumedonus is separated from Gonatonotus mainly by the presence or absence of crests on the merus of the ambulatory legs. Eumedonus , as here defined, contains five species, viz. E. niger H. Milne Edwards, 1834 ( type species), E. vicinus Rathbun, 1918, E. zebra Alcock, 1895, E. brevirhynchus n. sp., and E. intermedius n. sp. Gonatonotus, as here re-diagnosed, includes three species, viz. G. pentagonus White, 1847 ( type species), G. granulosus (MacGilchrist, 1905), n. comb. And G. nasutus n. sp.
Galil, Bella S., Crosnier, Alain, 2000, Crustacea Decapoda: Review of the genera and species of the family Polychelidae Wood-Mason, 1874, Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 21, 184, 285-387
Résumé [+] [-]The polychelids are large, uncommon, primitive decapods that inhabit the depths of the world oceans down to 5000 m, between latitudes 50°N and 55°S. A study of major deep-sea collecdons led to a revision of the family. All genera and species are redescribed and extended synonymies given. Two new genera are established: Cardus, for Polycheles crucifer (Thomson, 1873) and Homeryon, for Polycheles asper Rathbun, 1906 and a new species, H. armarium. The genus Pentacheles Bate, 1878, is revived to include polychelids in which the epipod on third maxilliped is longer than the ischium: P. gibbus Alcock, 1894, P. laevis Bate, 1878, P. obscurus Bate, 1878, P. synderi (Rathbun, 1906) and P. validus A. Milne Edwards, 1880. Stereomastis Bate, 1888 is considered a synonym of Polycheles Heller, 1862. Willemoesia Grote, 1873 is retained with but four species: W. forceps A. Milne Edwards, 1880, W. inornata Faxon, 1893, W. leptodactyla (Willemoes-Suhm, 1875), and W. pacifica Sund, 1920. In all, thirty-two species are recognized, including six new species. The bathymétrie and geographic ranges are amended and discussed. A key to the genera and species of the family is provided.
Bouchet, Philippe, Sysoev, Alexander V., 2001, Typhlosyrinx-like tropical deep-water turriform gastropods (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Conoidea), Journal of Natural History, 35, 11, 1693-1715
doi: 10.1080/002229301317092405 Résumé [+] [-]Based on radular and protoconch morphology, the genus Typhlosyrinx Thiele, 1925 has been successively classified in the subfamily Turriculinae of the family Turridae and in the subfamily Clathurellinae of the family Conidae. It is shown that the protoconch had earlier been misinterpreted, and the presence of a diagonally cancellated sculpture indicates a placement in the conid subfamily Raphitominae. Two conchologically similar genera, based on teleoconch sculpture and radular morphology are recognized: Typhlosyrinx, with axial ribbing on teleoconch spire whorls and a radula with long (250 mum) barbed teeth, and Leiosyrinx n. gen., without axial sculpture and a radula with short (< 100 mum) simplified teeth. Five species (two new) of Typhlosyrinx and four species (all new) of Leiosyrinx are recognized, all at bathyal depths between 280 and 1840 m in the tropical Indo-Pacific and Panamic provinces. The two genera are not known earlier than the Pliocene, where they already occurred in deep-water assemblages.
Galil, Bella S., 2001, A revision of Myra Leach, 1817 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Leucosioidea), Zoologische Mededelingen, 75, 24, 409–446
Résumé [+] [-]A study of major collections led to a revision of the Indo-Pacific leucosioid genus Myra Leach, 1817. The systematic status and nomenclatural disposition of each species was assessed, and many were diagnosed based on examination of the type material. A new genus, Myrine, is established for M. acutidens (Ihle, 1918) and M. kesslerii (Paulson, 1875). The genus Myrodes Bell, 1855, is synonymized with Myra. Nine species are retained as valid: M. affinis Bell, 1855, M. australis Haswell, 1880, M. brevimana Alcock, 1896, M. elegans Bell, 1855, M. eudactyla (Bell, 1855), M. fugax (Fabricius, 1798), M. grandis Zarenkov, 1990, M. mammillaris Bell, 1855, and M. subgranulata Kossmann, 1877. Five new species are established: M. celeris, M. currax, M. curtimana, M. pernix and M. tumidospina. All species are described and illustrated, extended synonymies are given, and a key for their identification is provided.
Galil, Bella S., 2001, A revision of the genus Arcania Leach, 1817 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Leucosioidea), Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden), 75, 11, 169-206
Résumé [+] [-]A study of major collections led to a revision of the Indo-Pacific leucosioid genus Arcania Leach, 1817. Ixoides cornutus MacGilchrist, 1905 is recognized as belonging to the genus, and four new species are established: A. echinata, A. foliolata, A. muricata and A. fungilifera; in all, fifteen Arcania species are recognized. All species are described and illustrated, extended synonymies are given, and a key for their identification is provided.
Boyko, Christopher B., 2002, A WORLDWIDE REVISION OF THE RECENT AND FOSSIL SAND CRABS OF THE ALBUNEIDAE STIMPSON AND BLEPHARIPODIDAE, NEW FAMILY (CRUSTACEA: DECAPODA: ANOMURA: HIPPOIDEA), Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 272, 1-396
doi: 10.1206/0003-0090(2002)272<0001:AWROTR>2.0.CO;2 Résumé [+] [-]The anomuran sand crab family Albuneidae sensu stricto was previously known worldwide from 41 validly described Recent species in eight genera and four fossil taxa of the genus Albunea. A worldwide revision is presented based on a comprehensive survey of the literature and examination of more than 1700 specimens representing all known species. The state of taxonomic knowledge regarding the Albuneidae is summarized; the family is divided into two new subfamilies; two new genera and six new species of albuneids are described; and new information on species’ ranges and biology is presented. Additionally, the genera Blepharipoda Randall and Lophomastix Benedict are removed from the Albuneidae and placed in a new family, based in part on characters of the gill formula and morphology. This new family contains six Recent species and one fossil taxon. Although there is some doubt about its hippoid affinities, it is retained in the Hippoidea as the most basal taxon, pending further cladistic phylogenetic analyses. Here and there are people with eyes which can see, minds which can correlate. They say to themselves: ‘‘If the science of the day before yesterday is rejected by the people of yesterday, and that of yesterday by us of today, is it not possible that what we call science now will be rejected by the men of tomorrow?’’ And the bravest of them answer, ‘‘It is possible.’’ Wassily Kandinsky, 1911, Concerning the Spiritual in Art
Holthuis, Lipke Bydeley, 2002, The Indo-Pacific scyllarine lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae), Zoosystema, 24, 3, 499-683
Résumé [+] [-]A revision is provided of the Indo-Pacific species of the subfamily Scyllarinae. All of these species were formerly placed in the genus Scyllarus Fabricius, 1775, but a closer study revealed that several genera could be distinguished within the subfamily. The 13 new genera now recognized in the Indo-Pacific biogeographic region are as follows: Acantharctus n. gen., Antarctus n. gen., Antipodarctus n. gen., Bathyarctus n. gen., Biarctus n. gen., Chelarctus n. gen., Crenarctus n. gen., Eduarctus n. gen., Galearctus n. gen., Gibbularctus n. gen., Petrarctus n. gen., Remiarctus n. gen. and Scammarctus n. gen. Diagnoses and keys are provided for all the genera and their species. New and insufficiently known species have been described extensively, for the others additional morphological details are given. New species are: Bathyarctus chani n. gen., n. sp., B. steatopygus n. gen., n. sp., Petrarctus veliger n. gen., n. sp., Chelarctus crosnieri n. gen., n. sp., Eduarctus pyrrhonotus n. gen., n. sp., E. marginatus n. gen., n. sp., E. perspicillatus n. gen., n. sp. and E. reticulatus n. gen., n. sp. Furthermore efforts were made to provide each species with a complete synonymy, a description of the colour, its biology, habitat and geographical distribution. All the material examined is listed in detail. Where appropriate, remarks are provided on nomenclature, published data on the larval development and other topics.
- Nielsen, Jørgen G., 2002, Revision of the Indo-Pacific species of Neobythites (Teleostei, Ophidiidae), with 15 new species, GALATHEA REPORT, 19, 1-104
- Castro, Peter, Williams, Austin B., Cooper, Lara L., 2003, Revision of the family Latreilliidae Stimpson, 1858 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), Zoosystema, 25, 4, 601-634
Crosnier A., 2003, Sicyonia (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeoidea, Sicyoniidae) de l’Indo-ouest Pacifique, Zoosystema, 25, 2, 197-348
Résumé [+] [-]This work deals with 31 species of Sicyonia H. Milne Edwards, 1830, based on the collections made by the IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, and on the collections of 28 other museums. Nineteen species are considered valid: S. australiensis Hanamura Wadley, 1998; S. benthophila de Man, 1907; S. bispinosa de Haan, 1850; S. curvirostris Balss, 1913; S. fallax de Man, 1907; S. furcata Miers, 1878; S. inflexa (Kubo, 1949); S. japonica Balss, 1914; S. laevis Bate, 1881; S. lancifer (Olivier, 1811); S. longicauda Rathbun, 1906; S. nasica Burukovsky, 1990; S. ocellata Stimpson, 1860; S. parafallax Crosnier, 1995; S. parvula de Haan, 1850; S. rectirostris de Man, 1907; S. trispinosa de Man, 1907; S. truncata (Kubo, 1949) and S. vitulans (Kubo, 1949). Four species are considered to be synonyms: S. cristata (de Haan, 1844) = S. lancifer; S. formosa (Chan & Yu, 1985) = S. furcata; S. ommanneyi Hall, 1961 = S. ocellata; S. nebulosa Kubo, 1949 = S. laevis. Twelve species are described as new: S. abathophila n. sp., S. adunca n. sp., S. altirostrum n. sp., S. dejouanneti n. sp., S. komai n. sp., S. longicornis n. sp., S. metavitulans n. sp., S. parajaponica n. sp., S. robusta n. sp., S. rocroi n. sp., S. rotunda n. sp. and S. taiwanesis n. sp. Some forms, near S. australiensis and S. dejouanneti n. sp., are mentioned but not named because the material available is insufficient. An attempt is made to classify the Indo-West Pacific species of Sicyonia into eight groups. Some groups are coherent, while others are certainly artificial. Some species cannot be placed in any of the groups and the placement of several species known from one sex only remains hazardous. An identification key is presented. Particular care was taken in illustrating the genitalia, which provide the most important characters for recognizing the species. Colour photographs show the coloration of living specimens of 17 species. Depth zones and geographic distributions of all the species are presented in tabular form. As with previous studies, high species diversity of the Philippines-Indonesia fauna is evident, as well as the reduction of the number of species when one moves away from the area, except for New Caledonian area because of the unusually high h density of the samples collected in this area.
Garcia, Emilio F., 2003, New records of Indo-Pacific Epitoniidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) with the description of nineteen new species, Novapex, Hors-série n° 1, 1-22
Résumé [+] [-]Thirty Indo-Pacific species of Epitoniidae are recorded, with range extensions for Acrilloscala xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903), Amaea gazeoides Kuroda & Habe, 1950, Cirsotrema rugosum (Kuroda & Ito, 1961), Cirsotrema plexis Dall, 1925, Claviscala solar Nakayama, 1995, Cylindriscala humerosa (Schepman, 1909), and Epitonium (Parviscala) bevdeynzerae Garcia, 2001. Nineteen new species are described. These include five species in the genus Amaea: A. apexroseus, A. boucheti, A. diluta, A. elegantula, A lennyi; one species in the genus Boreoscala: Boreoscala ponderosa; three species in the genus Cirsotrema : C (C.) excelsum, C. (Dannevigena) richeri, C. (Discoscala) herosae; two species in the genus Claviscala: C pellisanserina, C. vivienneae; one species in the genus Cylindriscala: Cylindriscala paradoxa; one species in the genus Gregorioiscala: Gregorioiscala nevillei; one species in the genus Gyroscala: Gyroscala Mikeleei; four species in the genus Epitonium: E. (Hirtoscala) deschampsi, E. (Lamelliscala) l11aestratii, E. (Parviscala) kastoroae, and E. (P) juanitae; one species in the genus Periapta: Periapta weili.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2003, The deep-water Indo-Pacific radiation of Fusinus (Chryseofusus subgen. nov.) (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae), Iberus, 21, 1, 207-240
Résumé [+] [-]A number of fusinids from the Indo-Pacific deep-water fauna are studied to get more insight in the distribution and variability. The subgenus Chryseofusus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae: Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815) is described as new to accommodate a number of species sharing conchological characteristics different from typical Fusinus. Their separation from Fusinus s.s. is based on differences in axial sculpture (usually absent on body whorl), spiral sculpture (weak, close-set, regular, crossed by distinct growth lines), shape (shorter spire, shorter siphonal canal, less convex whorls with subsutural concavity, less constricted suture) and parietal callus (inner lip smooth, parietal wall covered with an extended, adherent thin layer as callus). Fusinus (Chryseofusus) bradneri (Drivas and Jay, 1990), F. (C.) chrysodomoides (Schepman, 1911), F. (C.) graciliformis (Sowerby, 1880), F. (C.) hyphalus M. Smith, 1940, F. (C.) jurgeni Hadorn and Fraussen, 2002, F. (C.) kazdailisi Fraussen and Hadorn, 2000 and F. (C.) subangulatus (von Martens, 1901) are briefly described and their taxonomic placement in the new subgenus is discussed. To avoid further taxonomic complications, a lectotype is designated for the correct F. (C.) chrysodomoides. F. (C.) acherius (west Madagascar, Mozambique Channel, 1475-1530 m), F. (C.) alisae (north New Caledonia, 444-452 m), F. (C.) artutus (Philippines, Bohol, deep water), F. (C.) cadus (south New Caledonia, 460-470 m), F. (C.) dapsilis (Vietnam, deep water), F. (C.) riscus (New Caledonia, Norfolk Ridge, 394-401 m), F. (C.) scissus (south New Caledonia, 535 m), F. (C.) wareni ( New Caledonia, 480 m), and F. (C.) westralis (northwest Australia, off Port Hedland, 450 m) are described as new to science.
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Marshall, Bruce A., Richer de Forges, Bertrand, 2004, A review of the hermit crab genus Nematopagurus A. Milne-Edwards and Bouvier, 1892 and the descriptions of five new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguridae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 23, 191, 151-229
Résumé [+] [-]The hermit crab genus Nematopagurus, erected by A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier (1892) for a single Atlantic species, has vastly larger reported representation in the Indo-Pacific region. However, the majority of species have been described on the basis of one or only a few specimens. The Musorstom expeditions to the south central Pacific and Philippine Islands, supplemented by the surveys of the United States Fish Commission steamer Albatross in Hawaiian, Philippine and Japanese waters, have provided not only a substantial amount of new material, but sufficient representation of most described species to permit the evaluation of intraspecific morphological variation. As a result, although five new species have been recognized, three recently described species have proven to be junior synonyms of previously known, but poorly represented, species. Nematopagurus holthuisi McLaughlin & Hogarth and N. pilosus Komai are synonymous with N. gardineri Alcock, while N. shinnyoae Komai is synonymous with N. kosiensis McLaughlin. The range of N. diadema Lewinsohn, reported previously from the Red Sea, the eastern coast of South Africa, and the South China Sea, has been extended to Fiji, while that of N. meiringae McLaughlin, known from eastern South Africa and the South and East China Seas, has been extended to the Philippine Islands. Nematopagurus kosiensis McLaughlin, previously known only from eastern South Africa has been found not only in Japanese waters, but also as far east as the Hawaiian Islands. Species identified by several authors as N. squamichelis Alcock and N. muricatus (Henderson) have been reexamined and correctly reassigned to other taxa. Descriptions and illustrations are presented for all species, together with a key for their recognition.
Norman, Mark D., Boucher-Rodoni, renata, Hochberg, F.G., 2004, The sharkclub octopus, Galeoctopus lateralis, a new genus and species of deep-water octopus from the western Pacific Ocean (Cephalopoda : Octopodidae), Journal of Molluscan Studies, 70, 3, 247-256
Résumé [+] [-]French and Australian research expeditions over the past three decades, to the deeper waters of the tropical Pacific Ocean, have encountered a distinctive new octopus. Galeoctopus lateralis is described here from 200-400 in deep in the southern and western Pacific Ocean. This small octopus is recognized by a distinctive jaw-like ligula in mature males, superficially resembling the head and jaws of a shark (complete with teeth-like lugs). Other distinctive characters include a lateral mantle ridge, skin sculpture including stellate papillae, and swollen distal oviducts in females. This combination of characters warrants recognition as a distinct genus. Relationships with other octopodid genera are discussed. We propose that the unique form of the male reproductive organ has evolved as a mechanism for reduction of sperm competition. The mouth-like ligula pit may function to pierce, rupture, grip and/or remove the sperm bulbs of previous suitors from the distal oviducts of the female. This morphology is compared with parallel structures in other cephalopods.
Galil, Bella S., 2005, Contributions to the knowledge of Leucosiidae IV. Seulocia gen. nov.(Crustacea: Brachyura), Zoologische Mededelingen, 79, 2, 41-59
Résumé [+] [-]A new genus, Seulocia, is established for Leucosia species with segments 3-6 of the male abdomen fused, and the first male pleopod with straight shaft, twisted once on its axis: L. laevimana Miers, 1884, L. latirostrata Shen & Chen, 1978, L. pubescens Miers, 1877, L. pulchra Shen & Chen, 1978, L. rhomhoidalis de Haan, 1841, L. truncata Alcock, 1896, and L. vittata Stimpson, 1858, and three new species: S. anahita, S. crepuscula,S. cristata. The species are described or redescribed and illustrated, extended synonymies are given, and a key for their identification is provided. The choice of the lectotype of L. rhomhoidalis is discussed.
Hadorn, Roland, Fraussen, Koen, 2005, Revision of the genus Granulifusus Kuroda & Habe 1954, with description of some new species (Gastropoda : Prosobranchia : Fasciolariidae), Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 134, 2, 129-171
doi: 10.1127/arch.moll/0003-9284/134/129-171 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Granulifusus is distributed over the upper continental shelves in the Indo-West Pacific. The 27 species (21 Recent, 6 fossil) are characterized and separated from Fusinus by a granulated surface sculpture, the Recent also by a small round operculum which does not fill the aperture. Fusus (Sipho) libratus Watson 1886 and Latirus staminatus Garrard 1966 are placed in Granulifusus, their transfer based on the above mentioned conchological characteristics and on radular evidence. Granulifusus niponicus (E.A. Smith 1879), G. kiranus Shuto 1958, G. rubrolineatus (Sowerby II 1870), G. staminatus (Garrard 1966) and G. libratus (Watson 1886) were collected during the Musorstom expeditions and the material is extensively reported on. G. bacciballus sp. nov. (North New Caledonia, 444-452 m), G. benjamini sp. nov. (Coral Sea, Chesterfield, 400 m), G. balbus sp. nov. (South New Caledonia, 470 m), G. amoenus sp. nov. (Vanuatu, 480-544 m), G. geometricus sp. nov. (Tonga Islands, 427-436 m), G. monsecourorum sp. nov. (Madagascar, 240 m) and G. babae sp. nov. (Indonesia, Tanimbar Islands, 206-210 m) were also collected by the Musorstom expeditions and are added to this fauna and described as new species. From the collection of the Australian Museum, Sydney (AMS), one additional Recent species (G. lochi sp. nov., Western Australia, 301-310 m) and one fossil species (G. nakasiensis sp. nov., Nakasi Sandstone Beds, Late Pliocene, Fiji) are described. Lots of the remaining 8 species are studied with the exception of G. captivus (E.A. Smith 1899). The remaining 5 fossil species are listed and compared. G. rufinodis (Von Martens 1901) is tentatively regarded as a distinct species and a lectotype is selected.
- Peter Castro, 2005, Crabs of the subfamily Ethusinae Guinot, 1977 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Dorippidae) of the Indo-West Pacific region, Zoosystema, 27, 3, 499-600
Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Hoffschir, Christian, Chauvin, Céline, Berthault, Claude, 2005, Inventaire des espèces de profondeur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Documents scientifiques et techniques, IRD Nouméa, II6
Résumé [+] [-]A rapid panorama of the deep sea fauna knowledge, deeper than 100 m, is shown, positioning the specific richness and sampling New Caledonia effort in the Indo-Pacific. A detailled presentation of the french exploration oceanographic cruises is done. Since 1984, no less than 1468 benthic samples in the New Caledonia EEZ have been done. All these data are now integrated in the "Océane" database at IRD Center in Noumea. This document give an inventory of 2515 deep sea species from New Caledonia, presented by zoological groups and families by alphabetic order. 1322 new species were described from New Caledonia (52.5%). ln annexe is given: a complete list of references corresponding to the description of this fauna and the list of taxonomists involved (155 scientists from 21 countries); the bathymetric maps of the main seamounts.
Crosnier, Alain, 2006, Penaeopsis Bate, 1881 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) récoltées dans le Pacifique sud-ouest par les campagnes françaises depuis 1976. Description d'une espèce nouvelle, Zoosystema, 28, 2, 331-340
Résumé [+] [-]Penaeopsis (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) collected in the south-west Pacific by French expeditions since 1976. Description of a new species. This work is based on collections made in the south-west Pacific by IRD (ex ORSTOM) and the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. It deals with four species of Penaeopsis Bate, 188 1: P challengeri de Man, 1911, P eduardoi Perez Farfante, 1977, P rectacuta (Bate, 188 1), and a new species, P mclaughlinae n. sp. Depth zones and geographic distributions of the three known species are revised, especially those of P challengeri. Penaeopsis mclaughlinae n. sp. is closely related to P eduardoi but it is easily distinguished by the more sinuous shape of the distal part of the ventrolateral lobules of the petasma, and the large rounded protuberance on the median plate of the thelycum.
Hayashi, Ken-Ichi, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Justine, Jean-Lou, 2006, Revision of the Pasiphaea alcocki species group (Crustacea, Decapoda, Pasiphaeidae), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 24, 193, 193-241
Résumé [+] [-]The Pasiphaea alcocki species group is treated herewith, as the third group of the genus Pasiphaea Savigny, 1816. The group is primarily characterized by a deeply concave posterior margin of the telson and the distinctly carinate dorsal margin of the carapace and abdomen. The meri of the first and second pereopods are always armed with many spines, and the ischium and/or basis of the second pereopods are sometimes armed with spines. The group comprises 17 species including two new species both from MUSORSTOM material, Pasiphaea ledoyeri n. sp. and Pasiphaea major n. sp., which are large size species. P. berentsae Kensley, Tranter & Griffin, 1987 is proved to be a junior synonym of P. barnardi Yaldwyn, 1971. P. balssi Burukovsky&Romensky, 1987 is probably a junior synonym of P. rathbunae (Stebbing 1914a). A key to the species of P. alcocki group is presented. Each species is diagnosed and most species are redescribed and/or figured.
Rahayu, Dwi Listyo, Richer de Forges, Bertrand, Justine, Jean-Lou, 2006, The genus Paguristes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Diogenidae) from Indonesia, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 24, 193, 349-374
Résumé [+] [-]Seven species of Paguristes were collected in Indonesian waters during the expeditions of the Siboga (1899), the Danish Expedition to the Kei Island (1922), Th. Mortensen’s Expeditions (1899-1930), CORINDON (1980), Snellius II (1984) and KARUBAR (1991). Three species: P. arostratus, P. brachyrostris and P. antennarius were new to science. Three of four described species were previously unrecorded from Indonesia: P. palythophilus Ortmann, 1892, known only from the northwestern Pacific, was found to be common in Indonesian waters; P. aciculus Grant, 1905, previously known from Australia, was represented by two males and one intact female specimens, therefore female morphological characters could be completed; and P. pusillus Henderson, 1896 was found in deeper waters than previously reported. The fourth species was P. puniceus Henderson, 1896.
Castro P., 2007, A reappraisal of the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) and revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, with the description of 10 new genera and 18 new species, Zoosystema, 29, 4, 609-774
Résumé [+] [-]A reappraisal of the taxonomy of the brachyuran crabs belonging to the family Goneplacidae MacLeay, 1838 sensu lato has resulted in the revision of the subfamily Goneplacinae, which combines the subfamilies Goneplacinae MacLeay, 1838 and Carcinoplacinae H. Milne Edwards, 1852. Most of the 66 species of Goneplacinae sensu stricto that are listed herein inhabit relatively deep water and are infrequently collected. The subfamily Goneplacinae sensu stricto now consists of 17 genera of which 10 are being described as new: Carcinoplax H. Milne Edwards, 1852, with 18 species of which four are new; Entricoplax n. gen., monotypic; Exopheticus n. gen., with two species; Goneplacoides n. gen., monotypic; Goneplax Leach, 1814, with four species; Hadroplax n. gen., monotypic; Menoplax n. gen., monotypic; Microgoneplax n. gen., with five species of which four are new; Neogoneplax n. gen., with three species of which two are new; Neommatocarcinus Takeda & Miyake, 1969, monotypic; Notonyx A. Milne-Edwards, 1873, with three species; Ommatocarcinus White, 1852, with four species; Paragoneplax n. gen., monotypic; Psopheticus Wood-Mason, 1892, with four species; Pycnoplax n. gen., with five species of which one is new; Singhaplax Serene & Soh, 1976, with seven species of which four are new; and Thyraplax n. gen., with five species of which three are new. All goneplacine genera are exclusive to the Indo-West Pacific region (plus contiguous temperate areas) except Goneplax, which is so far known mostly from the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions. Four nominal species described by other authors were found to be junior subjective synonyms for other species: Carcinoplax verdensis Rathbun, 1914 and C polita Guinot, 1989 synonymous of C specularis Rathbun, 1914; Goneplax megalops Komatsu & Takeda, 2003 of Goneplacoides marivenae (Komatsu & Takeda, 2003) n. comb.; and Psopheticus insolitus Guinot, 1990 of P stridulans Wood-Mason, 1892.
Macpherson, Enrique, 2007, Species of the genus Munidopsis Whiteaves, 1784 from the Indian and Pacific oceans and reestablishment of the genus Galacantha A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae), Zootaxa, 1417, 1-135
Résumé [+] [-]Sixty-six species of the genus Munidopsis have been studied using specimens collected during numerous French expeditions carried out in the last decades in the deep-waters of the southwest Indian and southwest Pacific Oceans, between 140 and 4400 m. Twenty-five new species are described, and the diagnoses and illustrations of some relatively rare species (M. africana, M. debilis, M. lenzii, M. moresbyi, M. orcina, M. sinclairi, M. stylirostris and M. wardeni) are provided. The reestablishment of the genus Galacantha is proposed, including the descriptions/diagnoses and a key to all species. The genus contains nine species, including three new species (G. bellis, G. diomedeae, G. quiquei n. sp., G. rostrata, G. spinosa, G. subrostrata n. sp., G. subspinosa n. sp., G. trachynotus and G. valdiviae). The number of species collected by station is very small (usually one species), probably related to their low densities. However, in some samples, as many as five species have been found. The highest number of species have been observed in the Banda Sea (Indonesia) and Solomon Islands. The new records of some species greatly extend the previously known distribution range of the species.
O’Hara, Timothy D., 2007, Seamounts: centres of endemism or species richness for ophiuroids?, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16, 6, 720-732
Cosel, Rudo von, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Tropical deep-water lucinids (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from the Indo-Pacific: essentially unknown, but diverse and occasionally gigantic, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 115-213
Résumé [+] [-]Species of the bivalve family Lucinidae form a previously unrecognized and signifi cant component of bivalve assemblages at bathyal depths (150-1000 m) in the Indo-West Pacifi c province. Elliptiolucina labeyriei n. gen., n. sp., from 2570 m, is the deepest-occurring lucinid species. South-East Asian seas, from Taiwan to the Arafura Sea, are a hotspot of deep-water lucinid diversity, with 11 species recorded from the Philippines and 14 from Indonesia. Numerous species are in the 20-50 mm range, with several up to 75-80 mm in size, and Meganodontia acetabulum reaches 150 mm. Several species co-occur with representatives of the Vesicomyidae, characteristic of seep and vent communities. It is hypothesized that the lucinid species of this radiation live in discrete pockets of poorly oxygenated sediments enriched in sulfi de by plant debris from nearby land masses and/or diffuse seeping. A parallel is drawn with the “Calcari a Lucina” from the Miocene of Europe. Nine new genera and 32 new species are described.
Fraussen, Koen, Lamy, Dominique, 2008, Revision of the genus Kanamarua Kuroda, 1951 (Gastropoda: Colubrariidae) with the description of two new species, Novapex, 9, 4, 129-140
Résumé [+] [-]The deep water genus Kanamarua Kuroda, 1951 is distinguished from the buccinid genus Metula H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 on the basis of shell sculpture and protoconch morphology. The original description of the genus is translated from Japanese. We consider Kanamarua as belonging to Colubrariidae according to Okutani (2000: 500-501). Previously known only from the Indo-West Pacific, the range of the genus is extended into the West Atlantic. Kanamarua adonis (Dall, 1919) is recorded from the Tanimbar Islands (Indonesia) and off Luzon and Mindoro Islands (Philippines), extending the range to the west and the south. Kanamarua tazimai Kuroda, 1951 is reinstated as a distinct species and removed from synonymy with K. adonis, the original description is translated from Japanese. Kanamarua rehderi Kilbum, 1977 and Metula vicdani Kosuge, 1989 are senior synonyms of Kanamarua hyatinthus Shikama, 1973, the taxon is briefly discussed with special attention to its wide geographie range. The species is recorded from Vanuatu Islands, extending the range in southwestern direction. Metula boswellae Kilbum, 1975 is transferred to Kanamarua, based on conchological characteristics. Kanamarua narcissisma sp. nov. (lndonesia and Australia) and Kanamanta francroberti sp. nov. (Guadeloupe) are here described.
Komai, Tomoyuki, 2008, A world-wide review of species of the deep-water crangonid genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea), with descriptions of ten new species, Zoosystema, 30, 2, 261-332
Résumé [+] [-]A review of species of the genus Parapontophilus Christoffersen, 1988 (Decapoda, Caridea, Crangonidae) from the world oceans is presented. This Study is based on the large collection obtained during French expeditions in the eastern Atlantic, western Indian, and tropical western and southern Pacific oceans, and on additional material from various museums and institutions in the world. Eighteen species, including ten new species, are divided in two informal species groups, P. gracilis (Smith, 1882) group and P modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906) group. The first group contains I I species: P. gracilis (type species of the genus), P abyssi (Smith, 1884), P. junceus (Bate, 1888), P. profundus (Bate, 1888), P occidentalis (Faxon, 1893), P talismani (Crosnier & Forest, 1973), P cornutus n. sp., P cyrton n. sp., P difficilis n. sp., P. geminus n. sp. and P. longirostris n. sp. The second group contains seven species: P. modumanuensis (Rathbun, 1906), P. demani (Chace, 1984), P caledonicus n. sp., P. juxta n. sp., P. psyllus n. sp., P. sibogae n. sp. and P. stenorhinus in. sp. Six taxa originally described as full species by their authors and occasionally treated as subspecies, viz. P. gracilis, P abyssi, P. junceus, P. profundus, P occidentalis, and P talismani, are here maintained as full species because of the existence of morphological differences and of the partial overlap of geographical or bathymetrical ranges. All species are diagnosed or rediagnosed, and illustrated. Synonymies of Pontophilus challengeri Ortmann, 1893 with Parapontophilus abyssi and of Pontophilus occidentalis var. indica de Man, 1918 with Parapontophilus junceus were con firmed. A key to aid in the identification of all Parapontophilus species is given, although it should be used with caution because of intraspecific variations exhibited by many of the species. Bathymetrical and geographical distributions of species are also summarized. All but P. sibogae n. sp. are exclusively found at more than 200 in depth, and particularly three species, P. abyssi, P occidentalis, and P talismani, occur at abyssal depths exceeding 3000 m. Parapontophilus sibogae inhabits shallow water, recorded at depth of I I m in the type locality. Two species, P gracilis and P talismani, appear restricted to the Atlantic Ocean, although widely distributed there. Three species, P abyssi, P longirostris n. sp., and P. juxta n. sp. occur in the Indian Ocean; P abyssi is also widely distributed in the Atlantic and P longirostris extends to the central Pacific. Parapontophilus occidentalis appears restricted to the eastern Pacific. Other species are distributed in the range of the western Pacific to French Polynesia.
Lozouet, Pierre, Maestrati, Philippe, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, A quarter-century of deep-sea malacological exploration in the South and West Pacific: Where do we stand? How far to go?, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 9-40
Résumé [+] [-]The Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD, formerly ORSTOM) and Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) launched in the early 1980s a suite of oceanographic expeditions to sample the deep-water benthos of the tropical South and West Pacific, with emphasis on the 100-1,500 m bathymetric zone. This paper reviews the development of this programme to date. It describes the procedures involved in curating the material collected and the involvement of an international network of taxonomic experts to identify, describe and name the molluscan fauna. So far, 1,028 species of molluscs have been recorded from the New Caledonia Exclusive Economic Zone from depths below 100 m, and 601 of these (58.4%) were new species. An additional 142 new species have been described from other South Pacifi c island groups (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Tonga, Marquesas Islands and Austral Islands). However, the hyper-diverse families have essentially remained untouched. Regional differences among island groups are high, and New Caledonia, which has been sampled best, shows several discrete areas of micro-endemism. We speculate that the deep-sea mollusc fauna of New Caledonia may amount to 15-20,000 species, and the corresponding number for the whole South Pacifi c may be in the order of 20-30,000 species.
Valdés, Ángel, Héros, Virginie, Cowie, Robert H., Bouchet, Philippe, 2008, Deep-sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs (Gastropoda) from the tropical southwest Pacific, Tropical Deep Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 25, 196, 587-792
Résumé [+] [-]One hundred and twenty-one species of deep sea “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs belonging to the genera Acteon, Crenilabium, Obrussena, Rictaxis, Japonacteon, Maxacteon, Bullina, Diaphana, Toledonia, Cylichna, Scaphander, Sabatia, Roxania, Cylichnium, Acteocina, Truncacteocina, Philine, Retusa, Pyrunculus, Volvulella, Relichna, Micratys, Gastropteron, Aglaja and Philinopsis are reported from the tropical southwest Pacifi c. Thirty-nine of these species are new: Acteon ionfasciatus, Acteon chrystomatus, Rictaxis sanguinea, Japonacteon longissimus, “Acteon” editus, “Acteon” buccinus, “Acteon” ringiculoides, “Acteon” boteroi, “Acteon” loyautensis, “Acteon” rhektos, “Acteon” profundus, “Acteon” osexiguus, “Acteon” aphyodes, “Acteon” herosae, “Acteon” comptus, “Acteon” chauliodous, “Acteon” cohibilis, Bullina rubropunctata, Toledonia neocaledonica, Toledonia epongensis, Cylichna tanyumphalos, Cylichna grovesi, Sabatia pyriformis, Roxania smithae, Cylichnium mucronatum, Cylichnium nanum, Acteocina lata, Philine habei, Philine babai, Philine abyssicola, Retusa diaphana, Retusa insolita, Retusa lenis, Retusa abyssicola, Retusa trunca, Volvulella onoae, Volvulella multistriata, Relichna hadra and Micratys wareni. A previously described species, Acteon aequatorialis, is included in the new genus Bathyacteon. Three species are assigned provisionally to already described species until more material becomes available: Acteon cf. nakayamai, Maxacteon cf. kawamurai, “Acteon” laetus. Thirty-eight species remain unnamed because of the absence of adequate information, but the shells are illustrated. Most species are described based on conchological data. Fourteen species of Acteonidae and two of Retusidae are provisionally assigned to the artifi cial taxa “Acteon” and “Retusidae” until anatomical data become available. The present collecting effort in the southwest Pacifi c has produced large numbers of previously undocumented species. The largest number of species was found in the area comprising the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna, which is probably a consequence of a greater collecting effort. The list of species refl ects a high degree of endemism in the deep sea fauna from the southwest Pacifi c. Only a few widespread Indo-Pacific species have been found in the deep sea. It also appears that there is some sort of isolation between the Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Wallis and Futuna region and the Philippines and Indonesia region, which is refl ected in the small number of species shared between these two areas. Most species of “cephalaspidean” heterobranchs studied here have broad bathymetric ranges compared to other groups of opisthobranchs, which may be a result of a higher ecological adaptability of this group, or may be an artifact caused by transport of empty shells. When only specimens collected alive are considered, the bathymetric ranges of most species are considerably narrower. Most species studied are exclusively found in the deep sea, but a small number of shallow water species have been recorded here for the fi rst time in deep waters. When the ranges of empty shells are examined there appears to be a turnover of “cephalaspidean” heterobranch species at about 1000-1200 m depth and a blurry transition between shallow waters and the deep sea. When only specimens collected alive are considered, there is a sharp boundary at about 200 m that clearly separates the shallow water and the deep sea faunas. “Cephalaspidean” heterobranch species are more common relative to other groups of opisthobranchs in deep waters than in shallow waters, but this result may be an artefact caused by the collecting techniques.
Agís, José Ansín, Vervoort, Willem, Ramil, Fran, 2009, Hydroids of the family Halopterididae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) collected in the western pacific by various French expeditions, Zoosystema, 31, 1, 33-61
doi: 10.5252/z2009n1a3 Résumé [+] [-]This paper is the second result of the study of large collections of Plumularioidea (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Leptolida), collected in the seas surrounding New Caledonia, in the Philippines and in Indonesian waters by French expeditions. A total of 13 species belonging to the genera Antennella (five species), Cladoplumaria (one species), Halopteris (four species), Monostaechas (two species) and Corhiza (one species) are described or mentioned in the present report; most of which are illustrated. Three new species, Antennella sinuosa n. sp., Antennella megatheca n. sp. And Corhiza pauciarmata n. sp. are described and another, Halopteris concava (Billard, 1911) is recorded for the first time since the original description. Two species, Antennella sp. and Monostaechas sp. are only identified to the genus level.
- Ahyong, Shane T., Ng, Peter K.L., 2009, The Cymonomidae of the Philippines (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura), with descriptions of four new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 233-246
- Lorenz F., Fehse D., 2009, The living Ovulidae: a manual of the families of allied cowries: Ovulidae, Pediculariidae and Eocypraeidae., ConchBooks
McLaughlin, Patsy A., Lemaitre, Rafael, 2009, A new classification for the Pylochelidae (Decapoda: Anomura: Paguroidea) and descriptions of new taxa, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 20, 159-231
Résumé [+] [-]A new classification is presented based on the results of the recently completed cladistic analysis of the Pylochelidae. The subfamilies Pylochelinae and Pomatochelinae are retained, the latter with the genera Pylocheles and Cheiroplatea; however, the subgenera Xylocheles and Bathycheles are elevated to generic rank together with the nominal subgenus Pylocheles. In addition, one new species, B. phenax, is described in Bathycheles and B. profundus is shown to be conspecific with B. integer. The subfamilies Parapylochelinae, Cancellochelinae, Trizochelinae, and Mixtopagurinae are reduced to ranks of tribes and included in the subfamily Trizochelinae. A new genus Forestocheles is proposed in the tribe Trizochelini. Within the genus Trizocheles, subspecific rank for T. spinosus bathamae is deemed unjustified and this taxon is placed in synonymy with the nominal subspecies T spinosus spinosus. The correct identity of Trizocheles balssi is established and the species mistakenly thought to represent that taxon is described as T. hoensonae, new species. Trizocheles gracilis is found to be conspecific with T. boasi and an additional new species, T. mendanai, is added to the genus. The superfamilial ranks of Cheiroplateoidea, Pomatocheloidea, Pylocheloidea, and Cancellocheloidea proposed by Watabe (2007) are rejected, as is Birgusoidea.
Cabezas, Patricia, Macpherson, Enrique, Machordom, Annie, 2010, Taxonomic revision of the genus Paramunida Baba, 1988 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae): a morphological and molecular approach., Zootaxa, 2712, 1-60
Résumé [+] [-]The genus Paramunida belongs to the family Galatheidae, one of the most species rich families among anomuran decapod crustaceans. In spite of the genus has received substantial taxonomic attention, subtle morphological variations observed in numerous samples suggest the existence of undescribed species. The examination of many specimens collected during recent expeditions and morphological and molecular comparisons with previously described species have revelaled the existence of eleven new lineages. All of them are distinguished by subtle and constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences reported for the mitochondrial markers ND1 and 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species, providing brief redescriptions for the previously known species, and a dichotomous identification key for all species in the genus.
O’Hara, Timothy D., Tittensor, Derek P., 2010, Environmental drivers of ophiuroid species richness on seamounts: Ophiuroid seamount species richness, Marine Ecology, 31, Suppl. 1, 26-38
- Tavares, Marco, Cleva, Régis, 2010, Trichopeltariidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura), a new family and superfamily of eubrachyuran crabs with description of one new genus and five new species, Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo), 50, 9, 97-157
Wakefield A., 2010, A revision of the genus Cryptospira Hinds, 1844 (Caenogastropoda: Marginellidae)., Novapex, 11, HS 7, 1-55
Résumé [+] [-]The marginellid genus Cryptospira Hinds, 1844 is revised on the basis of characteristic shell morphologies. Three species groups within the genus are proposed; the Cryptospira tricincta group, the Cryptospira ventricosa group and the Cryptospira elegans group. The recent species and the fossil species are presented and discussed separately. In the first section, all of the taxa in the Cryptospira tricincta group are revised and updated. Of the nine published taxa, six (Marginella tricincta Hinds, 1844; M. onychina A. Adams & Reeve, 1848; C. quadrilineata Gaskoin, 1849; M immersa Reeve, 1865; M. fischeri Bavay, 1902; C. sabelli Cossignani, 2006) are considered to be valid species, and three are considered to be synonyms (M ovalis Marrat, 1881 and C. quiquandoni Cossignani, 2006 are junior synonyms of M tricincta Hinds, 1844, and M quadrilineata Reeve, 1864 is a junior synonym of C. quadrilineata Gaskoin, 1849). From an argument based upon regional differences in shell morphology, the phenotypes currently accepted as C. tricincta are assumed to be a complex of species and/or subspecies. Further division of the C. tricincta group into three sub-groups is also proposed on the basis of morphologie features, and three new species are described: C. wallacei n.sp. From the Makassar Strait, Eastern Kalimantan, C. cloveriana n. sp. From Taiwan to Singapore, and C. mccleeryi n. sp. From the Gulf of Thailand. The Cryptospira ventricosa group comprises six published taxa, three of which are valid species, namely M ventricosa G. Fischer von Waldheim, 1807, M dactylus Lamarck, 1822 and M trailii Reeve, 1865. Three further taxa are considered to be junior synonyms of M ventricosa (M quinqueplicata Lamarck, 1822; M vermiculata Redfield, 1851 ; M hainesii Petit, 1851) and one dubious name, Voluta porcellana Perry, 1811 is also discussed. The Cryptospira elegans group comprises thirteen published taxa of which seven are considered valid species; Voluta elegans Gmelin, 1791 ; V strigata Dillwyn, 1817 (synonym M undulata Deshayes, 1844, with M Bernardii Largilliert, 1845 introduced as a new synonym); C. marchii Jousseaume, 1875 (removed from the synonymy of V strigata Dillwyn, 1817 and elevated to valid species status. M Burchardi Reeve, 1864 is transferred from the synonymy of V strigata Dillwyn, 1817 to the synonymy of C. marchii); M praecallosa Higgins, 1876 (previously considered by authors to be a synonym of V strigata Dillwyn, 1817, with M loebbeckeana Weinkauff, 1878 introduced as a new synonym); C. glauca Jousseaume, 1875 ; Persicula grisea Jousseaume, 1875 (senior synonym M obtusa Sowerby, 1870 and junior synonym M sexplicata Weinkauff, 1879); and M scripta Hinds, 1844. The holotype of M loebbeckeana Weinkauff, 1878 is rediscovered, and this taxon is considered not to be a variety of C. glauca Jousseaume, 1875 as commonly accepted, but rather a junior synonym of the valid M praecallosa Higgins, 1876, here considered as a valid species. C. bridgettae n. sp. From the Andaman Sea is described as a new species in the Cryptospira elegans group. Three taxa occurring exclusively as fossils from the Indonesian Pleistocene have been published (C. sangiranensis Martin, 1906; C. dacty/us var. inflata Martin 1895; M birmanica Vredenburg, 1923), and all are considered to be extinct. Eight further fossil phena comprising three forms of M tricincta Hinds, 1844 (one a synonym named C. quinqueplicata var. minor Martin, 1931 ), M. ventricosa Fischer von Waldheim, 1807, M dactylus Lamarck, 1822 (synonym M dactylus var. Minor Pannekoek, 1936), V. elegans Gmelin, 1791 (synonym M (C.) ex aff elegans Oostinghe, 1938), V strigata Dillwyn, 1917 (synonym M (C.) aff loebbeckeana Oostinghe, 1938) and M trailii Reeve, 1865 are considered to match recent species. Two new fossil species of Ctyptospira from the tate Pliocene of Sangiran, central Java, are described; C. bundharmai n. sp. From Sambang Macan, and C. kemukusi n. sp. From Kemukus. Both are considered to be extinct. In examing the phylogenic relationships of the genus, evidence from the fossil record and comparative analysis of the radula of recent species point towards a relatively recent evolution of the genus as an adaptive radiation from the main Prunum / Volvarina stock into the region of the Sunda Shelf, probably during the last 3-5 million years. The current biogeographie distribution of the genus is examined and three species group radiations from a central evolutionary zone, where species diversity is at its greatest are proposed.
Yang, Chien-Hui, Chan, Tin-Yam, Chu, Ka Hou, 2010, Two new species of the “Heterocarpus gibbosus Bate, 1888” species group (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pandalidae) from the western Pacific and north-western Australia, Zootaxa, 2372, 206-220
Résumé [+] [-]The widely distributed deep-sea caridean shrimp Heterocarpus gibbosus Bate, 1888 was previously believed to exhibit considerable variations in the development of the basal rostral crest. Based on the comparison of abundant material from the western Pacific, combined with a molecular genetic analysis using partial sequences of the mitochondrial COI and 16S rRNA genes, three distinct species could be recognized. The true H. gibbosus has a moderately high basal rostral crest and appears to have a more eastern distribution from the South China Sea to the Indian Ocean. Both forms with a very low or very high basal rostral crest are currently undescribed and mainly distributed along the western coast of the Pacific from Japan to Fiji. The low basal rostral crest form, H. abulbus sp. nov., is unique in the genus by lacking a distinct abdominal boss and appears to be restricted to Japan, Taiwan and NE Philippines. The very high basal rostral crest form, H. corona sp. nov., occurs in the western Pacific down to NW Australia.
De Grave, Sammy, Fransen, Charles H. J. M., 2011, Carideorum catalogus: the recent species of the dendrobranchiate, stenopodidean, procarididean and caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda), Zoologische Mededelingen, 85, 9
Résumé [+] [-]Over the last decade or so, much has been written on the classification of Decapoda, fuelled by a surge in molecular phylogenetic studies, as well as close scrutiny of internal and external morphological characteristics. As discussed by Fransen & De Grave (2009), such studies on shrimps are still somewhat ”thin on the ground”, at least compared to the more extensive work done on the Brachyura and Anomura. At a higher level in decapod classification it has long been recognised that three distinct lineages of shrimps can be distinguished: Dendrobranchiata, Stenopodidea and Caridea, a system which has not been seriously challenged by recent studies. The internal classification of Dendrobranchiata and Stenopodidea alike has been stable for some time, with the only major addition being the family Macromaxillocarididae Alvarez, Iliffe & Villalobos (2006) to the Stenopodidea in recent years. A different picture has emerged for Caridea very recently with Bracken et al. (2009) and Chan et al. (2010), both drawing attention to the non-monophyletic status of certain superfamilies and families. Further, we are aware of work currently in progress (some by the authors of this compilation) corroborating the hypothesis that the current classification of Caridea is unnatural, lines of study which will lead to the resurrection of certain family names as well as further refinement to other families. As one of our objectives for the current effort was to link this compilation of species level information with the earlier work by Chace (1992) for families and Holthuis (1993a) for genera, we have elected to largely follow the classification outlined by De Grave et al. (2009) which builds upon this earlier work. As such, it was deemed advisable to include the recently resurrected family Acanthephyridae Spence Bate, 1888 in the superfamily Oplophoroidea, rather than in this catalogue to create a new superfamily, which would perhaps be more congruent with the results in Chan et al. (2010). Although we follow herein the classification scheme of De Grave et al. (2009), two recent changes have been implemented. The clarification of the status of Galatheacaris abyssalis Vereshchaka, 1997a, as the megalopal stage of Eugonatonotus chacei Chan & Yu, 1991a, by De Grave et al. (2010) resulted in the removal of the family Galatheacarididae and superfamily Galatheacaridoidea in the current listing. Bracken et al. (2010) clarified the status of the family Procarididae, resulting in the recognition of a fourth group of shrimp, Infraorder Procarididea.
O'Hara, Timothy D., Rowden, Ashley A., Bax, Nicholas J., 2011, A Southern Hemisphere Bathyal Fauna Is Distributed in Latitudinal Bands, Current Biology, 21, 3, 226-230
doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2011.01.002 Résumé [+] [-]The large-scale spatial distribution of seafloor fauna is still poorly understood. In particular, the bathyal zone has been identified as the key depth stratum requiring further macro- ecological research [ 1 ], particularly in the Southern Hemi- sphere [ 2 ]. Here we analyze a large biological data set derived from 295 research expeditions, across an equator- to-pole sector of the Indian, Pacific, and Southern oceans, to show that the bathyal ophiuroid fauna is distributed in three broad latitudinal bands and not primarily differentiated by oceanic basins as previously assumed. Adjacent faunas form transitional ecoclines rather than biogeographical breaks. This pattern is similar to that in shallow water despite the order-of-magnitude reduction in the variability of environmental parameters at bathyal depths. A reliable biogeography is fundamental to establishing a representative network of marine reserves across the world’s oceans [1, 3].
Peristiwady, Teguh, 2012, Historical review of ichthyological research in Indonesia, Coastal Marine Science, 35, 1, 153-156
Résumé [+] [-]The history of ichthyological research in Indonesian waters falls into four major periods: pre-colonial recorded history until the end of the 16th century), colonial (from the beginning of the 17th century to Indonesian independence in 1945), post-independence (from 1945 to 2000) and the 21st century. Scientific fish collections began with French expeditions conducted in the early 19th century, including La Physicienne (1817-1820), l'Uranie (1818-1819), La Coquille (1823), L'Astrolabe (1826-1829) and La Bonite (1836-1837). Bristish and Dutch expeditions included those of H. M. S. Curacoa (1873) and HMS Challenger (1872-1876), the Siboga (1899-1900), and the Snellius I (1929-1930) respectively. These expeditions did not involve Indonesian scientist; nor were collected materials deposited in Indonesian Institutions. More recent expeditions and with the participation of the Indonesian Governement included the Baruna Expedition (1964), the Te Vega (1963, 1965) and the Alpha Helix Cruises (1979), The Rumphius Expedition I-IV ( 1972-1980), The Corindon Expedition II-III (1982-1984), the Snellius II (1984-1985), the Karubar (1991) and the Anambas (2002).
Lemaitre, Rafael, Ahyong, Shane T., Chan, Tin-Yam, Corbari, Laure, Ng, Peter K.L., 2013, The genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguroidea, Parapaguridae): A worldwide review and summary, with descriptions of five new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 27, 204, 311-421
Résumé [+] [-]A review of the deep-water hermit crab species of the genus Paragiopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 from the world oceans is presented. The core specimen base for this study has come primarily from the abundant collections of species of this genus obtained during French campaigns over the last four decades, and complemented with numerous specimens from many other deep-sea expeditions and deposited in various museum holdings around the world. Paragiopagurus is one of the most speciose genus among the Parapaguridae Smith, 1882, although it is considered a phylogenetically heterogeneous assemblage and does not appear to have an apomorphy of its own. Bathymetrically, the species range in depth from 36 to 2034 m, although they occur most frequently between 200 and 1000 m. The species utilize as housing, gastropod shells (or rarely scaphopod shells, siliceous sponges, or hollow pieces of wood) that may or may not be colonized by actinians or zoanthids. In this review, 24 species are recognized, of which five are new, P. laperousei n. sp., P. orthotenes n. sp., P. oxychelos n. sp., P. trilineatus n. sp., and P. umbonatus n. sp. The new species are fully described and illustrated. All previously known species of the genus are diagnosed or redescribed, and previously published illustrations of important taxonomic characters assembled and complemented, when useful, with new illustrations. The treatment of each species includes a full synonymy, materials examined (type and non-types), colouration, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Colour photographs are included for 14 of the species. Parapagurus curvispina de Saint Laurent, 1974, a species tentatively moved after its description to Sympagurus Smith, 1883 and then to Paragiopagurus, is herein transferred with certainty to Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996. Parapagurus spinimanus Balss, 1911, a species that had been incorrectly placed in Paragiopagurus, is herein moved to Sympagurus. Parapagurus sculptochela Zarenkov, 1990, a taxon previously considered a junior synonym of Paragiopagurus boletifer (de Saint Laurent, 1972), is herein resurrected as a valid species of Paragiopagurus. The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Paragiopagurus species are summarized and briefly discussed, including a summary table, graph, and map with generalized distribution patterns.
Lemaitre, Rafael, 2014, A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Parapaguridae), with descriptions of nine new species, The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62, 210–301
Résumé [+] [-]A worldwide taxonomic and distributional synthesis of the deep-water hermit crab genus Oncopagurus Lemaitre, 1996 is presented. This genus, originally defined for 10 species is set apart from other Parapaguridae as well as other Paguroidea, by one synapomorphy: the presence of an upwardly curved epistomial spine. This study is based on a large amount of specimens deposited in major museums and collected during deep-sea sampling across the world oceans since the late 1800s, with the bulk of material coming from French campaigns in the Indo-Pacific, central and south Pacific during the last 40 years. A total of 24 species are recognised in this investigation, nine of which are new and fully described and illustrated. All previously known species are diagnosed or re-described, including figures assembled from recent published accounts or newly illustrated, of the most important morphological features useful for identifi cations. Information for each species includes a synonymy (full or abbreviated if a synonymy has recently been published), material examined (type and non-types), variations when signifi cant, colouration when available, habitat or type of housing used, distribution, and remarks on taxonomy and morphological affinities. Rare colour photographs are included for five species. Species of Oncopagurus range in depth from the Continental Shelf (50 m) to the Continental Rise (2308 m), although they are most commonly found in 50–500 m. Individuals of the majority of species in this genus are minute in size (< 3 mm in shield length), species differ in subtle morphological characters, and often exhibit the same broad morphological variations related to sex and size that has been documented in species of other genera of Parapaguridae. Oncopagurus mironovi Zhadan, 1997, a taxon reported from the Nazca and Sala-y-Gómez Ridges, is considered a junior synonym of the widely distributed O. indicus (Alcock, 1905). The bathymetric and geographic distributions of Oncopagurus species are summarised and briefly discussed, complemented with a summary table, graph, and map with generalised distribution patterns. The scant phylogenetic knowledge of this genus is summarised.
Naruse, Tohru, Hashimoto, Jun, 2014, Description of a new species of the genus Trichopeltarion A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Trichopeltariidae) from western Pacific and southeast Asian waters, Marine Biology Research, 10, 4, 391-399
doi: 10.1080/17451000.2013.814789 Résumé [+] [-]The present study limits the distribution of a deep-sea crab, Trichopeltarion ovale Anderson, 1896, to the Indian Ocean, and describes a new species of what has been referred to as T. ovale from the western Pacific and southeast Asia. Trichopeltarion danieleae sp. nov. differs morphologically from allied congeners by a combination of characters of the carapace and ambulatory legs. The new species is also distinguished from two fossil Trichopeltarion species, T. huziokai (Imaizumi, 1951) and T. inflatus (Kato, 1996).
Macpherson, Enrique, Robainas-Barcia, Aymee, 2015, Species of the genus Galathea Fabricius, 1793 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) from the Indian and Pacific Oceans, with descriptions of 92 new species, Zootaxa, 3913, 1, 1-335
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3913.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The genus Galathea is one of the most speciose and unwieldy groups in the family Galatheidae. The examination of more than 9000 specimens of 144 species collected in the Indian and Pacific Oceans using morphological and molecular characters, has revealed the existence of 92 new species. The specimens examined during this study were obtained by various French expeditions supplemented by other collections from various sources, and including the type specimens of some previously described species. Most of the new species are distinguished by subtle but constant morphological differences, which are in agreement with molecular divergences of the mitochondrial markers COI and/or 16S rRNA. Here, we describe and illustrate the new species and redescribe some previously described species for which earlier accounts are not sufficiently detailed for modern standards. Furthermore we include a dichotomous identification key to all species in the genus from the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Chan, Tin-Yam, Cleva, Régis, Chu, Ka Hou, 2016, On the genus Trachysalambria Burkenroad, 1934 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae), with descriptions of three new species, Zootaxa, 4150, 3, 201-254
Fraussen, Koen, Stahlschmidt, Peter, Héros, Virginie, Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, 2016, The extensive Indo-Pacific deep-water radiation of Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 (Gastropoda: Buccinidae) and related genera, with descriptions of 21 new species, Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 29, 208, 363-456
Résumé [+] [-]The tropical deep-water Cominellinae commonly assigned to the genera Manaria E. A. Smith, 1906 and Eosipho Thiele, 1929 are revised. While the taxonomic details at the generic level were discussed by Kantor et al. (2013), the species level is discussed here. Twentyone new species are described: Manaria astrolabis n. sp. (French Polynesia), M. borbonica n. sp. (Réunion), M. circumsonaxa n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. corindoni n. sp. (Indonesia), M. corporosis n. sp. (the Solomons, Vanuatu, Coral Sea and New Caledonia), M. explicibilis n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and the Solomons), M. excalibur n. sp. (Indonesia and Western Australia), M. fluentisona n. sp. (the Solomons, Fiji, Wallis and Tonga), M. hadorni n. sp. (Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia), M. indomaris n. sp. (India), M. loculosa n. sp. (Fiji), M. lozoueti n. sp. (North Fiji Basin), M. terryni n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), M. tongaensis n. sp. (Tonga), M. tyrotarichoides n. sp. (Mozambique Channel), Calagrassor bacciballus n. sp. (Philippines), C. delicatus n. sp. (New Zealand), C. hespericus n. sp. (Mozambique), C. pidginoides n. sp. (Philippines, Papua New Guinea, the Solomons and Vanuatu), Enigmaticolus marshalli n. sp. (Kermadec Ridge, Monowai Caldera), and E. voluptarius n. sp. (New Caledonia). Considerable range extensions are recorded: Manaria kuroharai Azuma, 1960 is recorded from the Solomons, New Caledonia, Vanuatu and Tonga; M. brevicaudata (Schepman, 1911) is recorded from Taiwan, the Philippines, the Solomons and Fiji; and Calagrassor poppei (Fraussen, 2001) is recorded from Indonesia and the Solomons. Lathyrus jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, a fossil described from Indonesia, is recorded from the Recent fauna of Indonesia, Philippines and Fiji and is redescribed and placed in Manaria. Sipho jonkeri Koperberg, 1931, another fossil described from Indonesia in the same work, is a secondary homonym of Manaria jonkeri (Koperberg, 1931) and is renamed Manaria koperbergae nom. nov.
Ng, Peter K.L., Castro, Peter, 2016, Revision of the family Chasmocarcinidae Serène, 1964 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Goneplacoidea), Zootaxa, 4209, 1, 1-182
Smith-Vaniz, William F., Johnson, G. David, 2016, Hidden diversity in deep-water bandfishes: review of Owstonia with descriptions of twenty-one new species (Teleostei: Cepolidae: Owstoniinae), Zootaxa, 4187, 1, 1-103
doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4187.1.1 Résumé [+] [-]The bandfish family Cepolidae, comprising the subfamilies Owstoniinae and Cepolinae, is characterized, and defining characters of the three groups are identified and discussed. Characters of larvae of both subfamilies are described and illustrated. Six nominal genera of owstoniines had been proposed by various authors, but we recognize only Owstonia Tanaka. Utility of selected identification characters of the genus are discussed. Differences in lateral-line patterns have been the primary character used by some recent authors for recognition of two owstoniine genera, with Sphenanthias Weber possessing the plesiomorphic lateral-line condition. Several other patterns also occur in these fishes bringing into question the phylogenetic significance of lateral line plasticity. Sexual dimorphism in pelvic fin lengths is also present in several species. Identification keys, descriptions, synonymies, distribution maps and photographs or illustrations are provided for all Owstonia species for which adults are available. Although only 15 valid species were previously known, a remarkable hidden diversity of these fishes was discovered in major museum collections with the following 21 species here described as new: O. ainonaka (eastern Australia), O. contodon (Philippines), O. crassa (New Caledonia and Solomon Islands), O. dispar (Solomon Islands), O. elongata (New Caledonia and Vanuatu), O. fallax (eastern Australia and New Caledonia), O. geminata (Vanuatu and Philippines), O. hastata (eastern Australia), O. hawaiiensis (Hawaiian Islands); O. ignota (Mariana Islands), O. lepiota (Tanzania), O. melanoptera (Philippines), O. merensis (eastern Australia, Torres Strait), O. mundyi (Kiribati, Christmas Island), O. nalani (eastern Australia and New Caledonia), O. nudibucca (eastern Indian Ocean, Mentawai Islands and off Myanmar), O. psilos (Western Australia), O. raredonae (Mozambique), O. rhamma (Vanuatu), O. scottensis (Western Australia, Scott Reefs) and O. similis (Madagascar). Several specimens based on small juveniles, which we describe as Owstonia sp., appear to be additional new species but are not formally described as such.
Vilvens, Claude, 2016, New records and new species of Cataegis (Gastropoda: Seguenzioidea) from Solomon Islands, Novapex, 17, 4, 67-76
Résumé [+] [-]New records of one known Cataegidae species described from Indonesia area are listed, extending its distribution to Solomon Islands. Three new species are described from Solomon Islands and compared with similar species: Cataegis stroggile n. sp., C. tallorbioides n. sp. and C. pleres n. sp.
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